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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 21, 1914)
THE SUNDAY OREGONIAN. PORTLAND. JUNE 21, 1914,
Entered at Portland, Oregon, r-oetofrlc
Second-class matter. - .
eubscriptios Bates Invariably to Avsoe;
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tan era Business Olflcea Verree Conk
lln. New York. Brunswick building- cnt
cago, Steger building.
ban Iraucbee Olfice 8. J. Bldwell Co.
T41i Market street. ,
JPORTTAXD, SUNDAV, UXE ' 81, " 11.
If WITH THE WHITE FLAG!
' President Wilson was so over
whelmed with dismay at the gloomy
outlook for our foreign policies that
he went in person to Congress on
March 5, 1914, and read a message
demanding withdrawal of the free
tolls concession to American vessels
at the Panama Canal. Said the Pres
ident to Congress:
I ask thia of you In support of the for
eign policy of the Administration. I shall
not know how to deal with other matters
of even greater delicacy and nearer con
sequence if you do not grant it to me in
ungrudging measure.. - , ..... i
Congress had no alternative. In its
great anxiety and perplexity over the
unknown matters of "greater delicacy
and nearer consequence" it yielded to
the President's importunities. But
from that day to this there has been
no direct or authentic indication of
the real nature of the dark troubles
that threatened us. "W'e can only
Our guess is that It was war with
Colombia. It is not a very good guess,
perhaps, but what else but the pros
pects of a terrible conflict of arms
with the belligerent South American
republic could have extorted from a
self-respecting Nation that extraordi
nary Colombian treaty?
President "Wilson and Secretary
Bryan have arranged with the ex
pected consent and approval of the
United States Senate to pay $25,
000,000 blackmail to Colombia, and to
make a public apology for recogniz
ing the new republic of Panama and
for building the Panama Canal; and
they have granted the following spe
The republic of Panama Colombia shall
he at liberty at all times to transport
through the interoceanlc canal its troops,
materials of war and ahlps of war. even in
case of war between Colombia and another
country, without paying any charges to tiie
It has been a long time since the
United States has had a National Ad
ministration ready in a National
emergency to fly the white flag and
to y ield to blackmail.
BUYING RED TAPE AND DIAGRAMS.
After the representatives of the
New York Bureau of Municipal Re
search had been brought to Portland
by private enterprise to conduct a
municipal survey, the .city arranged
with the bureau for the preparation
of an administrative code. It cost the
taxpayers $4000. After the Bureau's
representatives went home its adver
tising literature commended the gen
eral public elsewhere to a close obser
' vation of the workings of the system
that it had prepared.
Only one feature of the general ad
ministrative code, however, was put
Into effect by the City Commission. It
was the efficiency code. Observation
of its working is a disappointment. It
has created a worse state of disorgan
ization and dissatisfaction among em
ployes than any system of political
favoritism the city has ever had. The
Mayor is soon to recommend its aban
donment. The Commission in view
of its failure will not have the cour
age to install the remainder of the
Probably the principal cause of the
failure of the efficiency code was the
neglect of its framers to consider
human nature, individual personali
ties and the rise and fall of prosper
ity. The New York Bureau, early In
its survey in Portland, disclosed a
proneness to exalt system above
everything else. It began work when
the new commission charter was un
der discussion. It reviewed the faults
then existing but invariably ascribed
them to the councilmanic form of
government. Lack of fitness for of
fice had nothing to do with abuses.
It seems to be its theory that any ad
ministration, if run along grooves cut
out by the New York Bureau of
Municipal Research, would experience
no jolts and would find it impossible
to jump the track.
The efficiency code it submitted
classified city employes so that one
employe doing work in one depart
ment similar to work performed by
employes in another department
would receive neither more nor less
remuneration. The readjustment re
quired a substantial reduction in the
salaries of many employes. But the
merit and demerit system which was
a part of the plan was held out as of
fering a chance to the efficient to get
back to the higher rate of pay.
In actual practice the efficiency
code seems merely to have trans
ferred the power to display favoritism
from one place to another. The sub
ordinate employes who mark up the
efficiency ratings, instead of the gen
eral board that formerly raised sal
aries, are accused of partiality. More
over, in some departments, where the
character of the work performed is
dependent largely on the initiative of
each employe, and each has a stated
amount to do, it has been found that
there is no way of keeping check;
There was no recognition provided by
the code for the intangible fitness that
all large) employers of labor find
among workmen but cannot designate
with so many marks on a piece of
Another oversight was the outside
Influence of general business condi
tions. Since the reductions in salary
were made depression in business has
Increased and the agitation for reduc
tion In cost of government has grown.
Thus employes who submitted quietly
to a reduction in pay find themselves
confronted six months later by public
6entiment opposed to increase. The
clerks who tried for a prize with
added zeal and won, find the prize
withdrawn. No wonder they are dis
satisfied and discouraged.
The failure of the efficiency code is
significant of the public disposition to
conclude that every governmental form
that has been followed in the past is
wrong, and that any new thing of
fered .by some theorist is better. Pro
fessed experts imported at a cost of
$4000 to instruct the city In self-government
turn out to have been fourth
rate clerks who made fetishes of
forms and system. They knew noth
ing of local needs or conditions. It
ought to have been apparent from the
first that they could not do as well
in reforming Portland's administra
tive code as would a committee of
local business men. The red, tape and
the pretty diagrams they sold . us
ought to be thrown overboard.
PREPARING FOR THE SACRIFICE. .
The Oregonian repaints this letter
from a. bad-tempered critic, out of
its own great good nature, and out
of a desire to emphasize a plain state
ment it made the other day about the
probable outcome of the forthcoming
gubernatorial election in Oregon:
You sav that Dr. C. J. Smith Is going to
be beaten by the greatest majority ever
given against any candidate for Governor
In Oregon. This is another one of your
foolish predictions. Tou said practically the
same thing concerning his prospects of get
ting the nomination. In almost every thing
your extravagant predictions fail. If all
signs don't fail. The Oregonian will again
succeed in leading the Republican party to
an Ignominious 'defeat. Never again will
the rtepuDllcan party gain wuuui w -
Uonal affairs. -
The assertion of our displeased
friend about what .The Oregonian
said before the primary election ' is
Just as far wrong as his prophecy as
to results next November. The ore
gonian at no time said that Charles
J. Smith would be beaten for the
Democratic nomination. It was dis
tinctly of opinion that he was likely
to get the nomination, and it openly
warned the Democrats as to the
formidable nature of Dr. Smith's can
didacy, owing to the divided field. The
opposition could not, or did not, unite
and Smith was, of course, successful.
"Never prophesy unless ye know,"
said the sapient Hosea Bigelow. It
is good advice. . The Oregonian rarely
prophesies. It studies political omens
and portents. It states conditions. It
tells what it sees, and invites others
to see. Just now it sees that the
Democrats are in open revolt against
the enforced nomination of Dr. Smith
and very many of them intend to vote
against him. It sees also that the
Chamberlain Democrats are calmly to
oermit Dr. Smith to go to the sacri
fice, and that they are getting readjrj
to make the usual one-man Chamber
lain campaign. Dr. Smith faces an
overwhelming defeat. Poor Smith.
MAUUCN-G THE KING'S DIVINITY.
The divinity that "doth hedge a
K-iro-" lion hppn sadlv mauled by the
latest suffragette outbreaks. Custom
rules that when an Englisn rung en
ters all shall rise and remain stand
ing until he. is seated. ' Extreme de
corum marks the actions of all in his
presence. All this is changed since
. women broke out. as witness
the following description of the scene
when the royal couple went to a
Queen Mary took King George to the gala
perrormance, auu aum -- -
seats howled at him throughout the night.
It was-a beautifully regulated performance,
. .tnln tn mv mind that WO-
carrj iiik -- -" j
man will make a mighty good stage man
ager, whether she succeeds as a citizen or not.
Every now and then a woman wuuiu uu,
. . i vnaiiv The scan-
on in r stage aim " ' - - - . . -
dallzed actors would brush her off and the
stagehands would take her, yammering and
kicking. Into tne wings. i no
would quiet down and then Wheel
One shrieking woman chained to
her seat was no sooner detached than
onnthor wnuirt break out with a
stream of .insults to his majesty.
King George, Queen Mary and .prin
cess Mary sat with their eyes fixed
v,a. atarrA nretendinir to ignore the
tumult, while the actors moved as if
in a dumb show. '
Thio flierpsnect for royalty may go
far to explain the recent outbreaks
of popular wrath against, tne sut
r Tn tv,Q pvps nf the average
Englishman of every degree a certain
sanctity surrounds the King, and he
regards a disrespectful wora as a per
n!.i offrnnt But the habit of see
ing and hearing the King "hazed"
m9 break down this traditional ven-
..atinn nipso toDDed in its incipl-
ency. A mob, perhaps composed of
well-dressed and usually weu-Denaveo
trno-llchman. mav vet d O what police
and prisons have been unable to do
quell the wild women. .
FOREIGN TRADE AND I-ABOR.
The alarm was sounded by James
J. Hill as to the possibility of ex
naninir niir fnrelern trade, when he
spoke at the recent Foreign Trade
Convention. He ascribed tne rapia
in msirix hv Germany in overtak
ing England to the arbitrary action
of English trade unions and to tier
many's more . advantageous wage
scale. He predicted like difficulties
for this country from the same cause
and restrictive legislation and unnec
essary taxation and he warned the
American workingman that there is
no younger country to which, he may
emigrate when his Job is lost.
The question as to the effect of
high wages on prices "hinges mainly
on the productive power of labor
rather than on the rate of wages.
Doubtless the high wages paid in the
United States -were primarily due to
the prevailing higher standard, of liv
ing and to the lure which great areas
of public land formerly held out to
workmen. These conditions caused
manufacturers to seek mechanical
means of economizing labor to make
one machine take the place of many
men. They were assisted by the ease
with which patents are obtained and
by the coming to this country of large
numbers of ambitious men from other
countries. Some of these newcomers
set their inventive genius to work on
Machinery requires a higher degree
of intelligence and skin to nanaie it
than does manual work, hence high
wages were necessary to attract these
qualities. A well-paid American
workingman could get a larger oul--w.m
a iHven machine than could
one of another nation. Hence it has
often proved that, while wages per
day were higher in the United States
than in other countries, the labor cost
of each article produced was lower.
In England the relatively low scale
of. wages has encouraged manufac
turers to employ manual labor long
after machinery has proved more
economical. ' Technical- education has
not made such strides In that country
as in Germany. The latter country,
therefore, has a larger supply of men
competent to handle machinery and
takes more readily to new American
inventions than does England. To
this fact is partly due its rapid gain
in rank as an Industrial country. It
has the advantage of a lower wage
scale combined with technical train
ing and threatens to reduce the labor
cost per unit of product to that pre
vailing in America.
The solution seems to be to give
the workman a direct interest in in
creasing " production and lowering
cost. . Piece work has that aim, but
has aroused prejudice among work
men because the short-sighted, self-
ishness of some employers causes
them, after the workmen have speed
ed up, to reduce the wage scale until
the workmen are -not gainers by their
greater efforts. A better plan is that
adopted by some corporations of giv
ing employes an opportunity to buy
their stock. " Another plan recom
mended by some economists, but not
put in practical operation, so far as
we are informed, would treat the
workman as an investor of his labor,
Just as the employer invests his capi
tal. The workman would receive no
wages as such, but the value of his
labor would be capitalized and he
would receive dividends on its capi
talized value at the same rate as the
employer, who would, however, re
tain full control of the business.-
The whole labor controversy has
been, a struggle to arrive at an equit
able division between capital and la
bor of the proceeds of their joint
product. The nation which brings
labor to its highest efficiency bids
fair to gain supremacy in the world's
trade. That nation which arrives at
the most equitable division is likely
to bring labor to its highest efficlency
and thereby to gain the supremacy.
It may at the same time almost do
away with strikes by removing their
principal cause. It will then have
solved the most serious feature of the
problem to which Mr. Hill referred.
SETTtNG OR SITTING?
A despairing reader writes to" The
Oregonian asking if it will settle the
harrowing and time-worn dispute be
tween the advocates of the sitting hen
and the setting hen. Does a hen sit?
Or does a hen set?
We shall comply, in so far as a
single opinion can settle any great
question, whether of statecraft or
grammar; but we warn our corres
pondent that we shall be delphic, most
-The dictionaries do not give war
rant for a setting hen; but it seems
to The Oregonian that those ponder
ous tomes, for the purposes of mere
orthographical integrity, have ig
nored a great biological fact. A sit
ting hen may or may not De a semis
hen. ' She may or may not brood or
in.ha,D when she is sitting. But
there can be no doubt at all that she
is attending strictly to business wnen
she is setting.
w o ia rthiicrA in admit that "set
ting" has no standing with the best
grammatical or literary,- autnonuea.
Tuto. th. -Rihie "As a partridge sit-
teth on eggs, and hatcheth them not,"
laments the complaining jeremia...
but' Jeremiah was a grouch. The
great Shakespeare has a sentence that
"birds sit brooding in the snow."
Shakespeare was no grammarian,
but his editors were. We must
. ii,!,t th nartridore that sitteth
must be a sitting partridge and birds
that sit must be sitting Diras.
Yet we make an appeal for the set
ting, hen. Setting states a common
truth and a universal situation we
almost said setuation. ' Out upon the
-ifHno- her which mav be . only a
resting hen, and therefore a wanton
deceiver, like others or ner ses,
never a setting nen.
AMERICAN WOMEN IN REVOLT.
AmAr;an wnmct) are on the verge
......l revnit Tn fact, the re
volt has already been launched with a
backing of many tnousana ciuowumcu
and it gives promise of a rapid spread.
ivt- i n FKvnit n era in st the tyranny
of man this time, but against the
high-handed metnoas or iasnion. uc
movement bids fair to drive the gor
geous dame out ot ner raruMu
stronghold and set up a new ruler of
American fashions in tnis couuuy.
Thia mvnit has been brewing some
years, for the Parisian dictator of
fashions has been growing more ana
more high-handed with each passing
Tho mnttpr has been brought
to the breaking point by the General
Federation of Women's uiuds in mc.i
nial convention, which lately came to
a close at Chicago after several tu
multuous sessions; just such sessions
as in the past have made history and
changed the maps of the world.
"What are we coming to?" was the
keynote of the bitter protest against
prevailing fashions. special ol1c
,,nnn the fact that the
Parisian arbiters of styles have slowly
but surely forced upon the modest arid
virtuous women of the country a dress
intended for the French oemimonue.
em Hria hobble skirts, tube
skirts, peek-a-boo effects, apparel
that covers but does not conceal,
all have had . their sway. We
have wondered how long ine goou
women of the country were going to
.iivi thine-s. In the words
SltlllU XV : 1 " o
of one eminent dress militant the pre
vailing modes are not only immoarai
and uncomfortable, but they are un
attractive. There is the rub unat
tractive. Woman has been made to
appear more grotesque than a tropical
parakeet and often more immodest
than a Zulu. Her clothes have been
such as to call for a setting of cigar
ette smoke, half-empty bottles and
The remedy suggested should prove
an effective one. The revolutionists
would encourage American designers
and manufacturers to put out their
own styles based on the crying need of
simplicity, becoming modesty, comfort
and attractiveness. Tills done, our
women may once more regain their
native charm and again be pleasing
to the eye. .
INTERSTATE TRADE IN LABOR.
The experience of Portland and
many other cities last Winter should
convince any man that , one of the
most pressing problems with which
the American people have to deal is
that of unemDloyment. The propor
tion of working men ana women no
are out of employment a part of the
year is Increasing. Even in a year
of such comparative prosperity as
1900, the census states, one person
out of every five pursuing gainful
occupations was idle from one to
twelve months. In New York state
3 per cent is the least number of
wage-earners out of employment in
years of ordinary business activity.
During Winter the number rises to 8
to 10 per cent and in times of busi
ness depression it rises to 15 to 30
per cent. The percentage of union
men unemployed in that state on
September 30, 1913, was 16.1 and on
December 31 it rose to 38.8. Similar
conditions existed throughout the
country. . '
This condition is a vast economic
waste. A working day lost is lost for
ever. It is a loss not only to the idle
workman but to the community, for
that much purchasing power is lost,
so that the one man's idleness tends
to deprive others of employment. If
he has no means of support, a direct
loss Is suffered in supporting him.
Multiply the one man's last earnings
by the number of others in like case
and by the number of days' work lost
during the year; then we have some
conception of the total loss to the
community during the year for the
unemployment of one-fifth of 'the
Much of this idleness is due to lack
of proper means to bring man and
job together. New York may be sup
porting a bread line while the West
ern -farmers call for "harvest hands.
This Is not a condition due to hard
times; it is a case of supply not being
able to find the demand. Employ
ment is found chiefly through private
local agents, many of whom grossly
deceive their clients and by dividing
fees with contractors arrange that the
Job shall last only a short time. When
men are hired thus to cross state
lines, state authority Is powerless to
redress the workmen's wrongs; Fed
eral power alone can meet the case.
Unemployment can be dealt with only
by Federal legislation in co-operation
with states and cities.
Tn meet th situation Representa
tive Victor Murdock has introduced
bill creating in the Department or
Labor a Bureau of Employment,
which is to establish free labor ex
changes at industrial centers, is to
license private agencies doing an in
terstate business and by exchange of
reports between exchanges and with
state bureaus is to promote proper
distribution of labor where it is
neded. The bureau may revoke li
censes and prosecute offenders.
Some machinery or this Kino, is
needed to prevent an Increasing pro
portion of men from becoming casual
laborers. As such they associate with
tMmns annulre) their habits and per
verted ideas, and often become re
cruits in the army of vagrants, men
dicants and criminals.
THE NEW OREGON.
June is perhaps the best month to
visit Southern Oregon. The weather
la halmv Cnnl (winds SWepD fi-entlY
across the landscape. The healthy
green of foliage and grain harmonizes
with the mild blue sky. vegetation
irlUton.a In the snnlicrht with the Vigor
of its growth. The fruit treefi, pruned
to a sturdy iramewora or orancneas,
havA olraariv Tinf fnrrh lonK &hOOtS.
Over the porches of the houses Vir
ginia creepers fairly scramble upward,
such is the energy of the life In them.
Roses riot everywhere in color ana
fragrance. But, speaking of fra
grance, nothing can compare with
that of a Willamette valley aisme
clover field In bloom. Toward night
as the air cools the honeyed odor of
,ha Invor Mnnmmfl mnkPR it almost
cloyingly sweet so that a traveler on
the gloaming highway mignt rancy
a,(thntit murh difficult V that he WaB
speeding through a paradise without
The alsike clover, as well as the
great fields of vetches twining among
thrifty oats, is for the dairy cows. All
up the Willamette Valley, in every
mountain vala hptwppn f'rtt tfl Cf GrOVO
and Grants Pass, and everywhere in
the Rogue River section,, tne aairy
or, of fa micpn and the whole country
shows the blessings of her kindly
reign. Western Oregon nas neen
transformed magically in the last
dozen years. L,umoering nas neipea
in tha rhantr. nprhjina minins- has
done something here and there and
certainly fruit has, played an impor
tant part, but to the dairy cow we
must ascribe most or tne miracie.
Tha n-nniiap nf new llfn and creative
energy shows everywhere. The farm
houses have shuffled off that forlorn
aspect of contented shiftlessness which
was once so disheartening to tne trav.
ciap Pnlnt has made them bright
and cheerful. Ambition speaks in the
gay flower gardens, the sleek horses
and cattle, the big new barns and the
neat surroundings. The napless mo-
ttrlaf -nrhn hra a nail Of COOl water
for his hot engine receives it, not
from - the old oaken bucket, germ
laden and back-breaking, but from a
mountain stream through pipes that
serve the farmer's kitchen and bed
room. The farmer himself bubbles
v m-lth Interest in the treat world.
He is up to the minute upon the
Mexican situation. . tie is aien to get
the latest wisdom about the business
situation. The good roads movement
has become something more than a
city fad to him for he has bought an
All the way from Eugene to Ash
land, Oregon . Is astir with a road
making revolution. Just south of Eu
gene they are making a highway
where for many years there has been
a rack, for men and horses. Between
Cottage Grove and Drain the good
work Is humming. .The frightful grade
through the Cow Creek Canyon has
been made passable on the south side.
On the north it still waits for the
engineer's magic, but stakes have been
stuck to show where work is soon to
begin. The grades between Glen dale
and Grants Pass are now in fair con
iHnn rn hnth sides of the mountain.
so that a car runs pleasantly where
once a pack-norse troa in momeiimry
peril of its life. The Pacific Highway
from Ashland to Eugene Is not a per
fect road by any means but it is
improving so rapidly that last year's
pilgrims would not recognize it today.
Next to the encouraging signs of
good dairying the -young orchards
along the road delight the eye of the
attentive traveler. Walnuts are work
Inir their wav Into favor over an aston
ishingly large territory. No big
groves are in sight from the highway
but hundreds or trees nave oeen
planted, experimentally perhaps,
. fVuir ftwM. nnrl thev seem to
thrive in all sorts or situations on the
hillsides as well as on the valley floors.
t to nniipaa hin that the. walnut flour
ishes particularly well where native
oaks abound, tsetter man me mere
nianttnir nf orchards is the tidy cul
tivation they are receiving. There are
nn nes-lected Dlantintrs to be seen be
tween Portland and Ashland, from
th, Pacific Highway at least, or
course the varieties are almost count-
losaa AnnlM of many kinds, peaches
prunes, pears, walnuts, loganberries
ha been planted and all seem to
nvnmleA WaII -
Tlia nparh. which begins at Eugene
as a somewhat risky experiment.
bursts into splendid vigor as one ap-ni-nnrhas
C rants Pass. Apples thrive
vervwhere. But nowhere has the
foliage that enchanting luster and the
twigs that sturdy vigor wnicn oe o re
serves in the Rogue River country.
Tv,ana the nrlncloal charm of travel
through- that favored region is the
n t cmartarle of KTOWlnK - or
chards. There are many old plantings
in full bearing, or course, pui u nope
niwi,t. no. more than fulfillment, so
the young trees with their promise of
wealth and nappiness to come give
the traveler more pleasure than the
old veterans which nave aone as wen
OS LUC J '
The modified delights of motoring
over the Pacific Highway in Oregon
are sweetened by the good hotels
which have sprung up m tne towns
along its course- No doubt these ho-
tels. for the most part conducted by
women, have been nourished, if not
created, by the automobile. The traf
fic arising from this expensive toy 1
already considerable and it promise
is large. It has transformed the
standards of hotelkeepers diffused
urban comforts through all the big
Western Oregon towns, and encour
aged a mode of entertaining travelers
which has more of Switzerland than
of local pioneer days in it. Except in
small villages, where motorists rarely
stop, the hideous hostelry of olden
times is but a nightmare vanisnea
from reality if not from memory.
Nor are good hotels the only mark
of the new and energetic Oregon city.
It is curious to note the garages which
have been called into being by tne
motorcar, one at least even in small
places, half a dozen in bustling cen
ters like- Medford. Whoever . wants
proof ' that mechanical inventions
change .the lives and habits of men
may profitably contemplate these
shops which have sprung up like
mushrooms In the last few years and
now support a great army of work
men, too. well paid, intelligent and
self-respecting. The garages are like
Jonah's gourd .for growth ana e
need not tear that they will wither
like that unfortunate vine.
Nor will the new pavements In tne
Western Oregon towns be likely to
disappear for centuries to come. What
a wonderful stretch the surfaced
streets would make If they could be
placed end to end! Salem. Albany,
Eugene, Corvallis, Grants Pass, Med
ford, Ashland have all been spending
money like water to pave and beau
tify their streets. ' And at the same
time thev have been bunaing new
stores, banks and churches faster
even than the dairies and orchards
round-about have developed. A visitor
who had not seen Eugene for ten
years would not recognize the town.
The pioneer buildings have been
swept away. In their places stand
solid and beautiful structure whose
facades look calmly down on tne
smooth, gray pavements, all made to
No Westert Oregon town rial
changed for the better more than
Medford iu the last lew years. ine
streets are so wide that every building
shows all Its good points, the aweii
Ings speak plainly of taste and the
means to vrratlfy It, and the stores
cater evidently to patrons who know
and desire the god things or tne
world. Medford eeems singularly
metropolitan to the passing traveler.
Is it because the orchards have at
tracted colonists from all parts of the
t onnoara that there are clean
dairies and there are dairies that are
not so clean. Scorlnr by uovernment
experts discloses the relative merits
of the dairymen. There should be a
reward for the purveyor of milk who
goes to the trouble and expense of
.ofairiniinir the nubile by means of
scrupulous cleanliness. That reward
should be added patronage.
n'v,.. -Air.f- in the sizzling furnacea
of Middle West and East when here
in the natural Summer capital tne
.metai- frnlirs around In the
seventies and seldom gets above
nifvf.iiiitv in hetner found bv a num
ber of cities in raising funds neces
sary to get a series of Billy Sunday
revival meetings. Even the high cost
of salvation is being felt. '
nTur-h . ninoKB is reported among
American soldiers at Vera Cruz. Senile
decay will be their fate if they are
kept there until moral suasion paci
fies Mexico. '
"Law graduates dine." says a head
line A nrocess that may not be re-
na.et three times a dav during the
period required for establishing a
A perfect specimen of the missing
link has been turnea dbck i rjms is
land. There's too many of 'em run
ning around loose in' the country al
ready. r,.nn tviil I flvA an out-of-doors
exhibition at the 1915 Fair. In Ore
gon are the Happy Hunting irrounaa
and they should be advertised.
Althnue-h the Government has
turned back a great man-ape at Bill
Tianrl it is safe to say that worse
specimens have been let in.
Tt ho been ascertained that an
nnnvmmis nift to Yal Of $400,000
came from the Lauder family. No
relation to Harry, eviaenuy.
The Mayor threatens to oust effi
ciency codes. So the pretty theories
of a few months ago don't work as
smoothly as they might?
Thnoe horrid and vulgah American
athletes are en route to n-ngiana to
capture aJl the award, in the athletic
meet next month.
. No doubt President Wilson will
send to the British Museum the pen
with -which he signed Uie tons exemp
tlon repeal bill.
Carnegie lauds the Wilson peace
plans. Well, ca-.'t he make a mtie
noise like a Jingle for poor William
With Standard OH dividends some
140,000,000 larger, "trust busting"
also seems tov be purely psychological.
rt recorded that a Virginia
woman swam seven miles. Must
have had a date.
n nminnna silence from the Don
don militants. Wonder what they're
New Jersey Bull Moosers refuse to
fuse. Unless In the hereafter, they
Don Venustiana Carranza will
please not speak out of his turn
Kansas Is sweltering at 105. Hell
hath no fury like a Kansaa hot spell.
Still the world will look a bit larger
to the proud graauate as time passes
There's a hard Winter . ahead for
local Democrats and Independents.
And then a Tew gentle showers Tor
the roses and abundant ionage.
. Baseball Is declared bad tor girls
So back to your knitting.
Insanity is on the Increase in the
country-. No wer.der.-
TROU BLES . LAID TO DK.!IK'RACY.
Waablactoa Statrsa Polat Oat F.r-
rors from W kick We Boiler.
The Republican State Platform Con
vention at Tacoma Thursday was char
acterlled by the clarity with which the
tariff discrimination against the West
and the futility of the National Admin
istration's foreign and domestic policies
were disclosed In addresses delivered
and letters read before the gathering.
Representative W. E. Humphrey sent
a letter from Washington, ot which the
following Is a part:
It will be a salnful day to this Nation
when that prince of peaceful blunderers.
that foremost of limelight lovers onre more
takes un the poellc pursuits of filling hla
purse and feedli, hla lonslns soul on pop
ular applause and again stands In t'bautau
qua's glad glare. In eirltlng contest with
the yodeler. the acrobat and the unadorned
dancer and leaves ttie affairs ot state to
bnrdlnatea or to happy chance.
The neoole of the United Htatee have
built the Panama Canal, they have paid for
It. they own It, It Is on American soil, the
American flag floats over It. and In spite of
the Democratic party they are going to con
trol it. Congress passed a law giving the
Inlled Stales the absolute control of Ihls
oanal and permitting our vessels In the
coastwise trade to pass through the eansl
free. The Democratic parly In Its plat
form specifically Indorsed this law.
Woodrow Wilson, when a candidal fr
President, particularly commended It. The
Democratic majority In Congress on roll call
voted for It. Th people on the I'aclllr
Cosst believed that they could rely upon
these Democratic promises and pledges. In
that belief they spent millions of dollsrs
and contracted to expend many million dol
lars more. "
President Wilson. Just one yesr sfter he
had been In office, surrendered to the
transcontinental railroads and the Influence
of British worshippers la this country, and
h appeared before Congress and pleaded
with them to repeal this law without rale-
Ing the question "whether we re rignt
This repesl will Increase the freight rate
of every thousand let of lumber from
Puget Sound to th Atlantic Coast, both
by rail and water. I..V. It will Increase
th rate more than $.',0 on every ceriosd
of freight hauled across the continent.
Th Democratic party has deceive,!, re
trayd and robbed th people of th I'aclflc
On f th first acts of h Republican
Congress that will nieet In special session
on th 4th day of March. 111. will be In
re-enact th American Pansma (-anal law
that th Democratlo party so cowardly re
pealed. Senator W. 8. Jones wrote In part as
Whet fteniil.llcene end third fSrty men
said two years ago would happen If th
Democratlo party was Intrusted with power
baa happened ana Is happening more. That
party, by ur division, has been In power a
little more tban a year, its prom lees hev
not been kept. Th prosperity turned over
to It by the Republlcsn parly hss disap
peared. Business la nauen. inoueiriee mrw
narialvaed. factories are shut down, mills
are closed, men are out of employment, rell
roads are threatened with bankrupt, y and
are pleading for authority to further las
th people through Increased freight rates
in order to live. The i-ost of living hs net
been reduced escept at the espene of the
farmer and laborer. Trusts nave soi
nroeecuted. dissolved or destroyed. Heelte-
tlon. uncertainty and stagnation prevent de
velopment. Vasclllatlon. stupidity end chao
mark our foreign policy. ignorance. "''P-
ssiiees. Inesperlence. incaparuy eon f-r
of numbers they carried ul th orders of
th President In frsmltig and passing lh
tariff law. It Is not the prodin t of their
Judgment and experience, but of his decrees.
They may hav Improved ur rnrrenry s-
tem. out tney inrenta " - ' -
making It the football ' spoils politics.
h-,.lloltiK la the pathway lailnted out by
a Republican administration, they have pro
vided lor tne conairuction " - -
Alaska, th only commendable piece of leg
islation enacted and lh only legislative set
of any Importance paaeed during this year c,i
Continuous session. 1 nry ar tirein.? n.a ,
merit system by legislative as well as by
executive act. They sr Increasing sppro-
prlatlons and mumpiyine pui.,
ii, ih. nni economy secured comes from
th dlecharg of war veterana. legislation
la aectlonallsed and our colored rlliiens in
onenlv and avowedly discriminated against.
This criticism or tne Aumimairanun .
economic policy came from iteprescnta
tlve W. L. la Follelte.
eh. theirv of the Democratlo party lead
era was that a decrease In tariff ratee
would allow additional Imports to enter the
country, causing closer competition anu
.,,1,1.. In cheaner living to the consumer.
And In addition to this, those cltlsens who
were recipients of Incomes above a certain
amount should contribute to Ih expense
or government by navlng a special tas to
make up for decreased revenues for th
benefit ot their not so lonuneis im"
This was all right and by a three-
fourths majority vote of all the states w
aorreaol to th levying ot sucn a tax; i
alasl where Is the cneaper living i.mmir-u
Tha revenues tisve shrunken nearly
100.0.000. Part of this will oe men up
hv th sDeclat Income tax. but up to dat
where Is th benefit to the people 7
Ninety per cent of tne proouci or me
State of Washington, both raw and manu
factured. Is niaced on the free list. Is
prosperity abounding In the Stat of Wash
ington T If conditions contlnu as they are.
win an Increased or decreased proportion
of our population pay " incom tax r i
very mucn tear tne tetter.
Nor were state Issues overlooked.
Chairman John H. Powell pointed out
the cost of hasty legislation In the
name of "progress." He said:
To those men and women who went te
make this a good country to llv In w
would say that thsy cannot progress too
far. That doesn't mean that w must take
up with and adopt every nostrum that Is
thrown In our fscea. Real sdvsncement Is
slow, and w should remember that w
cannot bring on the millennium by passing
laws. It happens that this Is th dsy of
the demagogue and uoa Knows ne is mi
Inr the most of his onnorunllles.
I was an ardent .advocate of th direct
primary law. and I would not for anything
In the world return to th old condltlona
However, we should seriously question If It
meets all Ih requirements w expected of
It. There Is now no wsy provided In Ih
law whereby neighbors csn get together and
concentrate Ihelr erforta towsrd the end
thnt our ofllree ar filled with th beat tal
ent obtainable. No provision Is msde for
thee Important councils, and some means
must b provided to bridge in void in our
Ther Is a continual press to Increase th
functions of th Uovernment. and It Is In
evltable that every time we Incresa the,
function we Increase th eoet. it Is a
problem how long local government can
meet the requirements put upon It: how
long It will be befor the bssket of the
taxpayer Is raked clean. In King County
ther ar four Independent taxing power,
each working with little or n restrictions.
Presently there will com a ttm wha w
must call a halt.
SOCIETY OF THIS , CI !C'I !, H ATI
Oare Regarded as Attesapt te Orsaalsw
a Hereditary Afisteraryt
New York Mall.
The most Interesting thing about the
Society of the Cincinnati, at this time.
Is the fact that It nver proved to be
the nucleus of an American nobility or
aristocracy, as manv people expected.
This society, once famous but now very
obscure, was organised at the Ver
planck House near Flehklll, then th
headquarters of ltaron Bteubn. on
May 13, 178J. All Continental officers
of three years' service were eligible to
membership, and In turn their eldest
Failing direct male posterity, mem
bership might pass to male descend
ants through Intervening female de
scendants, and tn some rase to collat
eral descendants. lore Washington
was the first president of the srx-lety.
but -John Adams. Samuel Adams and
Thomas Jefferson were very hostile to
It. because they, regarded It as an at
tempt to set up a hereditary aristoc
racy. The Massachusetts legislature
denounced It as "dangerous o the
peace, liberty and safety of th
I'nlon." It Is probable some of the
original Cincinnati really did have a
hope that membership In the sorlely
would some time serve as a sort of
patent of nobility; else why should
they, have limited membership to th
eldest male posterity, Instead of mak
ing It Include all sons?
Whatever their Intention may hav
been, the society never achieved any
social or political prominence. its
membership, at the latest record, con
sisted of only 91 persona The 11
origlnsl states are the only ones which
have state societies. The chlefest dis
tinction which the Cincinnati have thus
far attained lies In the bestowal r.f
their name upnn the little t.iwn of
Cincinnati, O., in the year 1730.
Gleams Through th Mist
By leeaa Colllaa.
TIU MIMrlAfKO MAX.
While sitting out on Iturnslds spaa.
A-flshlng for a carp.
t ssw a melancholy man
Who twansed upon a bara.
And sang, the while he floaird Vwe
Ths rtver'B brosd expense:
This Is a weary, woeful town.
Wher no man has a chance."
I hopped Into the flowing stream
And paddled to his side;
Why d -oa thus Isment and crSS
And yelp and wallT" I cried. ,
He sighed and gave a gloomy frewa.
Then groaned, with d,,IVful glaaoei
"This Is a weary, woeful loan
Where a man hss a chaaea."
t picked a limpet from a pile
ana pounvea it n cis p'm.
"Why do you thus refuse to emit,
ifut knock the tewnT" I eld.
II cried: "I build, from srsr.lt brew
Kin tombstones, te enhsnc
Men's tombs, but 'tis a woeful toss
v ner no men naa rnaace.
"How sot" I said. "IUeue," said k
In Accents aeep an grurr,
"Men have no sympstliy fnr me
llow shsll I keep expanses dowaT
My rent comes In dance
This Ib a wearr. woeful Iowa '
Wher so man haa a chance.
I paddled through a passing ew ell
An rioateo lor a space.
'Ther la n need for yoa yell
Tnii're almnlr ntlt of Pis,-.
Flnst an. sad wlshl. and let the lid
I r J " ' ---
Mid seaweed gardena yo may blda,
v ner lots r ne eK.
t clsmbered ut upon the lnk
And watched aim fleet awsi.
Amid lb rushes I all nd rank
More faintly ran bis lav.
Then throtnh the humming tw I erest.
As twilight settled dim.
There me b Bnme tic fee thai Seat.
But her s bo place for hlra."
'Sir." said h Courteous Offlrs Roy.
and 1 Jumped guiltily, for I anew that
he had been readln over my shoulder.
Hlr," he repeated, "I that pom go
ing to be In the psperr
"Tea my son." I revamped. "If I ea
ret away with It
"Then I don't e tahy you csn t
this wheel, that I hv Juet dug VP."
said the C. O. R. "A msn stepped etim
a welshing machine and dropped a le4
slug Into the slot and then h stole
a weigh "
"I grant, my on," I Inlerposerl. "thai
my pom Is even mor minir in.n f.-..r
Jest, yet I must Insist that ou keea
out of tha Crawfish editor s wste
basket In th future"
And I locked him up In the sporting
editor's roll-top desk while I finished
my cob uro.
Sole me Thought.
This Is Ih rrsduslloa moelh.
Which mskes m deeply frel.
ror. with th bunch ef sru'es
Tbey-r turning out la "l th stBtee
Oh. wbt a doale of eerorm
This poor eld world will g-tt If !
Note I hsve no grmlg egslnst
graduates nor Ihelr well-known hablls
of revising, the i:slsbllshe Order In
their graduation orations. Tills Holemn
Thought la Injected Into this otherwise
frivolous colyum solely for the pur
pose of provlnr to rien. Pub. that I have
not overlooked th fact that June Is
th Jnkesmlth's o.en season for A. R s
and Hwret Ulrl Orailuats. The ll
traditions of Joke building must be tip
held, and when It comes to staunchness
In upholding Ihem. this colyum shall
fly from Its Arm base as twin as I.
Blrrteeardlng the movement te
establish a course In elementsry piracy
In .Portland's public srhonla, I wish In
go on record as oppoed to It. Why
spend the tanpsyers' money to equip a
cast Institution merely to tesch our
children what many of them ate al
ready picking up In a practical way? If
you don't agree with me, I would refer
you to a -year-old rheruh who sold
me a pall ef wild blackberries th
othor day. The pall proved on Investi
gation to contain a netful of pebbles,
basely masquerading under a thin cloak
of blackberries. Yours Truly,
If Kaniadraaalt, Tager H er la Perl I.
Alt. l,ov. t welch the streetrers
Halting at Broadway till the Ireffle ep
Too-toota for them t Mmbi ea their sf.
And I am sad. Tee, considerably dewnrssu
Tsr lies my humble horn.
Far swsy on th blu ridge of th Pen
insula Forty-flv mlnnle. yes, lwenty-ves
dred I2TOOI cruel seconds,
l.ls bstweea m snd hom-cooked grab.
Deep, dsrk and lolersbly gloomy.
Hetties upon my soul sn unuttershle we,
For. I.v. I know th.l It Is up I m
To frisk myself for twenty 3nt earns.
And grab a sandwich In om beenerr.
Apprwslaaat II later y.
42.900 B. C. Aldermen of Antdelu.la
divided on th question of whether
lllndocl shall be permitted to run et
large on the streets, without murtl.
4(1 B. C foci ales born: lstr as
ai.ta local phvslclsns of Athens In
perlmentatlon on th fatality of hem
lock In large doses.
HO B. C Klrst candidates for con
sul set out Ihelr campaign literature
In Home, under the new system of di
(I A. V. Nero Introduces Ms origi
nal ftrad.. In a musical specialty at the
spectacular staging of the Horns n con
flagration. Xlotlnn picture operators,
unfortunately fall to he present at the
1311 A. P. Wst Tyler "no's Mtnslf
ahead of Ms tint and highly unpopu
lar, leading th first I. W. W. semen
stration In Lomlon.
11 A. !. I'lsarro graciously e-ci.ls
contributions of Sold from th Pare
vlans, and In recognition of their rottr.
tesy, permits a few of them te get
lxt.1 A. P. Kherldan attracts notice
with his famous JO-mll Marathon. II
was scarcely fatlsu,1 when h rchd
the finish and appeared quit ready for
another performance, sa Is evidenced
by his rtsiark: "Turn We, turn! We're
IJI1-I2-I1-I4 A. P. M. sit V. hat s
the use? p Ml for th past hr or
four years for dope on the Mln
rater Ike- Bird. AI-l .
Twin 'liy Kentlnel.
The inestimable talus or hirds
vegetation. In comparison wllh Ihe
small damage they d". haa Pn
preached until It Is a tnresdbst sub
ject. It ha been fully ethllehe4 Ihst
the eotishlrds. and even lh sparrows,
earn their living, by th Immense num
ber of destructive Ira, ts wh, h thr
destroy. That Is th practical side of
It There Is a eentlmentsl side as well,
especially when the birds sre httildlng
nent snd mating They sr so Jnvnua
In the business that the Creator meant
Ihem to perform What hoy has tha
rleht to wantonly tfce the life of even
tha leust of the happy mites which do
so ntu-h toward making the earth