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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
LEASING BILL BAD
TYPES OF NEW ENGINE-HOUSES BUILT ON EAST SIDE.
Effect Will Be to Retard De
velopment of West.
Portland Business Men Join
Nation-Wide Movement for
Lower Postal Rate.
PINCH0T POLICY ATTACKED
I,. D. Mahone Urges Ad Club to Aid
in Defeating Measure So That
Oregon's Natural Resources
May Not Be Bottled Up.
BIG SAVING IS SOUGHT
xtiE. SUNDAY OREGONIAX, PORTLAND, ; AUGUST 4, 1913.
Why are you living cooped
up in town when a home like this
is yours if you'll only come to
Gorernmenl Officials Agree That
Two-Cent Letter Rate Should Be
Kednced Bill to Be Pre-
sented Before Congress.
Portland business men are express
inar satisfaction over progress being
made in the campaign for one-cent let
ter postage. A number of firms already
have Joined the National One-Cent Let
ter Postage Association and are sup
porting the propaganda for the lower
Energetic efforts are being made by
the association to secure the passage
of a bill in Congress providing for one
cent letter postage. Active work of
educational character has been in
progress for the past year, and not
only have the business men of Port
land been informed as to the advantages
of one-cent letter postage, but a mem
bershlp of several thousand leading
business firms in every state in the
Union has been built up.
H. J. Frank, of the Blumauer-Frank
Drug Company, is taking an active
part in the campaign and Is urging
local business men tn give their sup
port to the movement. Mr." Frank de
clares that the business men of Port
land have been entitled to a lower
postage rate on letters for many years.
and that only a concerted effort, such
as that being made by the National
One-Cent Letter Postage Association,
will bring about the reform.
Reduction la Vrjced.
"I con Jer this fight for lower post
age one of the most important ever
waged by American business men, de
clared Mr. Frank. "At the present time
the Postoffice Department is making in
excess of $62,000,000 a year profit on
letter mail. At this rate, the Depart
ment receives on fir3t-class mall a
revenue of $1680 a ton. First-class mall
euppl'es under 14 per cent of the total
tonnage of the Department, yet it is
required to pay over 75 per cent of
the total revenue. This is manifestly
unfair, and business men should resent
this unjust tax.
"In this city there are hundreds of
firms spending all the way from $200
to $10,000 a year for letter postage. It
can easily be seen that these firms
would be beneiited to the extent of
many thousands of dollars were a one
cent letter rate inaugurated by Con
"It has always been the policy of the
Postoffice Department to furnish serv
ice at cost. In the earliest days when
hljh postage rates were charged, that
was the sole purpose. Now, with the
country thickly populated, the volume
of mail has grown and consequently an
Immense profit is being made, so it Is
only reasonable that letters should be
carried at cost. Every time a business
man uses a two-cent postage stamp, he
Is paying a bonus of one cent to the
"Government officials, including
those in charge of the Postoffice De
partment who have grown expert in
the handling of huge volumes of mail
mailer, agree that a one-cent letter
rate should be established at once and
are working heartily towards this end
were it left with them to determine
the question, a one-cent letter rate
would doubtless be instituted at once.
It is necessary, however, for Congress
to take prompt action before the lower
rate can be inaugurated. To persuade
Congressmen of the necessity for this
reform, it will be necessary for the
business men of this city as well as
the country at large to get together
and make a concerted effort to Impress
officials with the necessity for this leg
islation. This can only be done through
such an organization as the National
One-Cent Letter Postage Association.
Movement Sains is Favor.
I hope that :he business men of
Portland will take steps at once to a
filiate their Interests with this work.
which is a matter of dollars and cents
witb them and not mere sentiment.
Exorbitant prices are now being
chaiVed for mailing letters. Americana
intuitively reject any proposition that
itruus ivj i-uaiKB a-n uuiuir rate, ana mat y J r" It
Is what the present postage rate cer- TWO MODem Engine HOUSeS On
"The postage association is now mak
ing an effort to secure support for this
movement in Portland. Many business
men here are already affiliated, but I
hope that many more will Join as soon
as tney learn about the conditions now
existing in connection with the carriage
i letters Dy me liovernment. Per
sonally, I urge every business man in
Portland to Join this movement. It
means tnat letter postage will be cut in
two as soon as the Congressional bat- I Rapid Growth of City East of River
ui viic-lcui leuer postage is won.
r4frtlfw-M - . Iff v -;S..
ili -Ml 'sJl -F iT!'! fir
Ik" C)t -
FIRE APPARATUS UOtSE AT THIRT Y-THIRD AXD FRANCIS STREETS.
flS'A J Kill HI ifei' M :;
EXGIE-HOl SE AT BELMOST AND EAST THIRTV-FIFTH STREETS.
I FIRE STATIONS RISE
East Side Completed.
FOUR OTHERS PLANNED
We have everything in our favor and
there is no reason why we should not
secure a one-cent letter rate at an early
Creates Demand for Better Fire
Protection Auto Appara
tus to Be Installed.
APPLE YIELD INCREASING
White Salmon Valley Will Harvest I
'Big Crop This Year.
The city has completed two modern
fire engine houses one in Kenilworth
and one at Sunnyside at a cost of
about $30,000. At Kern Park a $3000
frnmA fir nt&ttnn ha. hn erected
HL'Sl'M. Wash., AU. 3. (SDeClal.) 1 inH I. raAv tnw h nnnnratna Rron.
Indications point to a heavy apple crop Hon of fire stations Is under way at
in ine nue faimon valley this year. Rose City Park, East Fifty-seventh
It is estimated that the yield will be street and Sandy boulevard, at Wood
50 per cent better than last year. lawn and Kenton, all three being ac-
Paying strict atatentlon to spraying. I cordinir tn th .nmo nlans as nrenared
combined with the climatic conditions by Battalion Chief Holden.
thus far. the quality of apples raised Work will start on the Montavllla
this year in this section of the Pacific
Northwest will be above the average.
A ew orchardlsts are experimenting
this season in turning water on a
small portion of their orchard tracts
in an opportune time during the dry
season. The results of irrigated, com
pared with Tion-irrigated fruit, will be
watched with interest.
It is estimated that 15,000 acres were
planted to fruit trees in the White
Salmon Valley during the past six
years. Although there are now but
few bearing commercial orchards In
the valley, the yield two years from
now will be enormous. Conservative
fruit growers predict that by 1915
there will be an Increase of 00,000
boxes of apploa in the valley. In the
county at large there has been an aver
age annual planting of 100,000 fruit
trees during the past four years.
In the Trout Lako region, an Irri
gated district in the upper White Sal
mon Valley, the grass and grain crop
will be heavy this year. The estimated
yield of wheat is 50 bushels to the
acre, while oats will reach as high as
SO bushels to the acre. The raising
of alfalfa in that' locality Is becoming
a prominent feature among the ranch
ers, experiments demonstrating that
thia forage will ultimately be the lead
ing hay product. Top notch prices are
always received for ' hay and dairy
products In the Trout Lake country.
fire station probably this week. All
these buildings are adapted for horse
or auto apparatus and probably will be
the last erected for the next five or
ten years to come, except that a fire
station will be built in Waverly-Rich-mond
From the Sunnyside station at Bel
mont and East Thirty-fifth streets, it
is estimated that an auto fire engine
could reach Into all the adjacent terri
tory. The general plan is to place auto
apparatus in all these stations. The
auto company tn the fire station on the
Sandy boulevard will be able to cover
a great territory as soon as the Sandy
boulevard Is paved, and can reach the
City Hall in six or seven minutes. With
Alameda avenue paved, the fire com
pany on Sandy boulevard can reach any
part of Beaumont, Olmstead and Ala
meda Park and even Vernon by a few
minutes' run. The auto company at
Kenton will be able to cover & large
district when the 12 streets, now under
contract, are paved. The same is true
In Montavllla and Woodlawn. where the
fire stations will be for auto and horse
Hard-surface pavements all over a
large territory on the East Side is
solving the question of fire protection.
Within a year practically all the great
districts Peninsula, Rose City Park,
Mount Tabov, Westmoreland, Eastmore-
land, Waverly-Richmond, South Mount i
Tabor, Division street and Hawthorne
avenue and Kenilworth may be
reached on solid pavements from these
stations. Firemen estimate that hcrse
drlven apparatus can cover only a mile
territory, where the runs are not up
hill, but an auto fire company can cover
about five times that distance.
There Is a remarkable growth taking
place on the East Side. Settlements
have extended seven miles back from
the river on the Base Line road, Foster
road, Sandy boulevard, Powell Valley
and nearly nine miles down on the Pen
insula. Nearly all these districts are
asking for fire protection. It is figured
that by installing auto-drawn appa
ratus ample protection can be given
these sections, as they will be able to
cover the long distances with such I
speed that it will not be necessary to
erect more fire stations for several
years to come.
Work has been started on plans for
an engine house to be built In Irvington
district. It will be of bungalow style
of construction. In keeping with the
buildings of that section.
OREGON GREAT STATE
FIRE DANGERS REDUCED
SYSTEMATIC PATROL IX HSS
C. CHAPMAN TELLS Or RE
CENT 8000-MILE TRIP.
In Address Before Realty Salesmen
Speaker Shows How They
Can Aid Settlers,
C. C. Chapman, publicity manager
of the Portland Commercial Club, in an
address at a get-together dinner given
by the Chaptn-Herlow Mortgage &
Trust Company last week, reviewed his
experiences in a 2000-mile trip through
Central and Eastern Oregon.
"We found four valleys over In that
country that have more level land than
our own Willamette Valley," said Mr.
Chapman. 'Add to these valleyB many
small valleys with rich soli and you get
a superficial idea of the greatness of
our state. For 60 miles we would cross
fine lands and see nothing but Jack
rabbits and coyotes, then we would
come Into great stretches of newly
bomesteaded country dotted with the
settlers' humble cabins. Inhabited with
real men who are building an empire.
"I saw men, whose families had been
cooped up in Portland, happy as kings
In that section. They were beginning
to feel that they were amounting to
something In this world. Let me tell
you real estate salesmen that there is
more than the commission to be gained
by selllnv Oregon land. Place the man
right, energize him with your own en
thusiastic upbuilding spirt, and you will
do things for Portland. Tou can,
through your own well-directed efforts,
make the land double and treble In Its
Wells Gilbert, Secretary of Associa
tion, Reports, IV) rest Situation
Better Than Usual.
Wells Gilbert, secretary of the Linn
County Fire Patrol Association, who
returned last week from & trip of in
spection of the timber belt of Linn
County, says more precaution Is being
taken against fires this season' than
"Since May 1 the association has
constructed about 40 miles of tele
phone lines and many miles of trails
connecting lookout stations with the
local lines and roads," said Mr. Oil
bert. "These stations are Cleveland
Rock, east of Lacomb; Bald Peter,
north of Foster, and Horse Rock, south
of Crawfordsvllle. In all, 19 wardens
are employed and in addition to over
250,000 acres represented .In the asso
ciation, they really protect much more.
as, they have Instructions to put out
urea irrespective oi vwnersnips. jo
addition to these men are the Forest
Service patrols In the east the state
wardens on the west and several men
employed by the road grant.
"While we place our main reliance
upon patrols, we feel that the lookout
stations, commanding, as they do, views
of the whole timbered area, are Indis
pensable. As a concrete illustration, I
may say that upon July 14 the watch
men whom some of us have Installed
upon Black Butte, near Sisters, in
Crook County, discovered a fire on tho
reserve line and reported It by tele
phone to the Government rangers, who
had a crew of 14 men there within two
hours and easily extinguished the fire.
"Last year a fire in the same vi
cinity ran nearly a day before it was
discovered and a crew of 24 men Bpent
three days in extinguishing it, with a
loss, I am told, of over 3,000,000 feet
of pin timber. Anyone familiar with
the great fire hazard of fir timber will
realise how Important it Is to reach
fires quickly. Someone has said that
the way to put out a fire Is to put
It out. What he means to say, and it
is very true. Is that the great majority
of forest fires can be extinguished If
they can be reached withtn a few hours.
Of course, there are exceptions to all
cases. Once a fire gets into tree tops
It will spread If there is a high wind,
and no human agency can check It. We
have faithful, experienced men in our
erqploy and we look for no serious loss
by forest fires In Linn County this sea
In an address before the Portland
Ad Club last week, L. D. Mahone, of
Portland, pointed out the need o? the
development ,of the geological re
sources of the state and referred to the
proposed law to place control of all
natural resources on public lands in
the hands of the Department of Agri
culture as unwise and impracticable.
"We have four great industries ag
riculture, mining, timber and fishing,"
said Mr. Mahone. "All others are a
part of these great basic industries.
The second greatest industry is mining.
"The mineral wealth of the West
was recognized more than a half cen
tury ago by our leading statesmen.
The first great constructive measure
looking toward the development of the
West was when Abraham Lincoln
signed the homestead law of 1862.
Through his work the law of 1868 was
enacted, throwing open the public do
main to mineral location. This was
followed by other important legisla
tion which made it possible for private
capital to be consolidated and enter
into the Western country by the con
struction of great transcontinental
railway systems. Thus the East was
connected with the West. It gave the
Nation the greatest railway system of
the age. It Increased property for tax
atlon to the amount of over $2,600,000,
000, and this for the benefit of all th
people. It opened up the forests, ex
tended our fisheries, gave employmen
to thousands of men and made pos
sible the creation of great states. All
these acquisitions cost the Govern
ment less than five cents an acre.
Rantern Theorit Scored.
"These laws were followed by the
public land laws. Then came the Carey
Act, or Reclamation Act. All of these
were conrtructive in their nature and
enabled the Nation to throw off her
swaddling clothes and start on a pe
riod of her greatest prosperity.
'In these latter days we have
class of statesmen who are clamoring
for, and have introduced in Congress,
bills that will work a radical change,
one of which will be greatly deplored
in Oregon when the nature of it is
learned. Recently GIfford Pinchot
"'A to our minerals, those still re
malnlng in Government ownership
should not' be sold but should be
"This doctrine Is unwise, un-Ameri
can and against the very principles of
an enlightened people. This question
was fought out many years ago. Some
of our Eastern statesmen today have
forgotten this history. Now that they
have wasted their resources, they de
sire that we share our with them.
Finding that the leasing laws were not
giving satisfactory results, Congress
repealed the laws many years ago.
Nothing has been heard of them until
comparatively recently, when a school
of 'theorists and faddists rose up in
the East and demanded that we go
back to the same policy. The result
of this doctrine would be to build up
a bureaucratic form of government
which will send its agents out here to
harass and Impede the development of
our great mineral wealth. We should
oppose it with all the power we have.
We should go a step farther and in
sist that all of the public lands in the
respective 13 public land states be ce
ded to those individual states. t
Orearoa's Resources Immense.
"We have more than 16,000,000 acres
of land In the forest reserve and 17.-
580,673 acres in public unappropriated
lands. The greater part of our mm
eral wealth Is on these lands. Leased
to and controlled by the National Gov
ernment the state Is deprived of its
revenue. It Is a policy that was never
intended by the founders of our Gov
ernment. It was their desire to get
away from the paternalistic policy of
the European countries. Such a sys
tern will bottle up the state and de
prlve us from the opening of our great
"We have in this state minerals In
commercial quantities of gold, silver,
copper, borax, salt, platinum. lime,
quicksilver, zinc, clays, gypsum, ce
ment. Iron, sands, building stone, ag
ates, coal and a number of others. No
state in the Union ean compare in di
verslty of her mineral wealth. It has
not oeen toucnea as yet. rne imme
dlate future will see a great produc
tlon of gold in the metal mine dis
tricts of Eautern and Southern Oregon
The construction of eement, gypsum
and other plants will tend to keep our
money at home.
"It is time that we were giving some
consideration to the development of
our geological resources. We are
shipping goods Into the state at the
rate of more than a million of dollars
per month when every bit of it could
be produced at home. We need to keep
our money here. Let our laborers be
employed. Defeat the lease bills. De
mand that the theory and practice of
our National Government be carried
out that of putting the public land
Into the hands of our people as fast
as It can be taken up for homes. This
was the interpretation given by the
Supreme Court of the United States
more than 75 years ago. In this work
we dan all have a part and share in
the great development of our common
RIG .SALES ARE CLOSED
REALTY WORTH $8 00,000 SOLD
BY ONE FIRM THIS YEAR.
Columbia Trust Company Negotiates
Fourth-Street Deal Involving Con
sideration of $850,000.
Since the first of the year the Colum
bia Trust Company has closed realty
sales representing a total consideration
of over $800,000. The most recent of
the large deals was the sale of the
Blake-McFall Company property at the
southwest corner -of Fourth and An
keny streets to S. F. Wilson, a banker
of Umatilla County. The property
brought $350,000. The sale was nego
tiated by W. C. Becktell for the Co
lumbia Trust Company. The property
consists of two and one-half lots and
Is Improved with a six-story fireproof
The company also sold recently a
200-acre alfalfa farm near Walla Walla
for E. A. Dudley, of Athena, to C. Ti.
Brunn, of Portland, the consideration f
being $110,000. The farm is consid
ered one of the best ' In the Walla
Walla country. It contains an im
mense artesian well, which throws a
stream of water from an eight-inch
pipe 200 feet In the air.
In addition to these deals, the corn-
Just a few minutes more on the car in the moriiinp and eveninsj
when you go and come and all the plrnsurrs of a gloriously roomy
suburban home are yours.
Just think of having a whole acre for a home instead of living in
an apartment-hous'e or on a small lot. A Park rose acre costs no
more than an ordinary city lot and you can get it for only a few
dollars a month.
A Home in Parkrose is a big step toward success because you'll
be healthier and ha'ppier and so will your family. Over fifty fam
ilies are in Parkrose now. Go out and see. They'll prove that it
pays to live in Parkrose. Then come and let us tell you of the
easy terms on a Parkrose acre.
304 OAK STREET.
OPP. COMMERCIAL CLUB BLDG.
pany reports a number of sales In res
idence property and building sites in
Alameda Park. Beaumont and other dis
tricts. Since Beaumont was placed on
the market last year a large number of
lots have been sold, the major portion
to homebullders. Many fine homes
have been built In this addition this
year.. A marked activity in Alameda
Park is noted since work was started
in installing hard-surface pavement.
Exchange Is Made.
Henry Melster has exchanged his
property at East Twelfth and East An
keny streets, including a lot 40x100
feet and a two-story frame building.
for a 40-acre farm near Sheridan,
which was the property of John Mc-
ConnelL The crop and everything
about the place was included In the
Residence Sales Made.
In Irvington the llautz Building &
Investment Company sold a house and
lot to Edna H. Fetzel for $7440. The
same company sold a house and lot In
Irvington to Blanche E. Irwin for
$7375. In Overlook G. U L,lnlsey sow
a house and lot to Permelia C. Tucker
New Factory for Kenton.
Company has purchased a factory site
near Kenton, adjoining the Coast Cul
vert Flume Company's tract, and soon
will start the erection of a building at
a cost of about $50,000. A number of
men will be employed in the concern.
Astoria's July Rainfall 1.23 Inches.
ASTORIA. Or.. Aug. 3. (Special.!
According to the records in Weather
Observer Giimore's office, the rain
fall in Astoria during the month of
July amounted to 1.23 inches, or .IS
of an inch in excess of the average for
the corresponding month of previous
years.. The greatest, precipitation dur
ing any 24 hours was .S3 inches, juiy
1. The highest temperature for the
month was 87 degrees, apd the lowest
was 50 degrees. There were 17 clear.
four partly cloudy and 10 cloudy days.
HEW TRACT IMPROVED
EAST .SIDE PLATTING IS Rl'lLH
IXG VP RAPIDLY.
Ten Residences Now I'mler Way and
Several Others Planned Com
lIeled Homes Purchased.
Ten modern residences have been
started on the five-acre tract recently ;
purchased by George T. Ituss, lylnic
between East Forty-seventh, East
Fiftieth, East Jlill nnd East Harrison
streets. The tract has been platted aft
Rosedale. In the addition are 39 lots,
and It Is intended to erect n residence
on each of the lots. Of the ten resi
dences under construction five have
been sold in their unfinished condition.
Chapln Wudsworth, of the Oregon
Transfer Company, has bought a home ,
on East Forty-ninth, near East Har
rison street, for JS.OO. The lot Is odx
115, and the house contains seven,
rooms. William Klinsey purchased l;
bungalow in tht same locality for
$3300, and has taken possession of
the property. Kebert Dolile has pur- '
chased a six-room home near by for
Charles V. Schneider, of Huffum &
Pendleton, purchased a bungalow built
on East Forty-seventh, near East Mor
rison street, for $3300. .1. Rheinhard.
of the Columbia Necktie Manufacturing
Company, recently of Los Angeles, Cal...
bought a seven-room home on East .
Forty-ninth street for $3500.
It is considered certain that the re
maining live of the ten residences will
be disposed of by the. time they are
llnlshed. The entire ten residences will
represent an expenditure of about
Spanish lovers nresent their fiancees with
fann on which they have written the mini
Impassioned poetry, enibrolderra narlflr
with love mottoes woven in silk, and In
numerable hoxCH of swe-'tn.
British Columbia Farm Lands
Over 100 millions of dollars now being spent in railroad
building in the above province the same sure certainty of
increase m land values will take place in 15. C. as you have
already seen in California, Washington, Idaho, Dakota and
other Western .states since the transcontinental railways
were built like the Union Pacific, N. P., S. P. and other lines
which have opened up the country. We offer about
AT $7.00 PER ACRE
on easy terms if sold quickly in one block. Government
Field Notes, reports, etc., 'furnished to bona fide inquirers.
Apply Grand Trunk Pacific Land Co., 914 American Bank
Building, Seattle, Washington.
CANADIAN FARM LANDS
With the Idea of meetinjr the man of limited means, we have just
placed on tho market a limited number of Jlritish Columbia 40-acre
farms The soil is rich, the climate mild and the markets bis.
Fifty dollars cash and fifteen dollars per month puts you In posses
sion of one of these farms, the total cost of which is 1640. Prices are
steadily advancing. Writ, today for descriptive booklet showing actual
photos of land.
National Finance Company
HEAD OFFICE! VASTCOUVBR, n. C.
" , FINEST AGRICULTURAL. LANDS IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
Assets $2,484,071. Surplus 23O,0OO. Reliable ARrntu Wauled.
TUALATIN VALLEY ACREAGE
Splendidly located near Portland, on United Railways. Fast trains, week
end rates, COMMUTATION? TICKETS. Near town of North Plains. Elec
tric light, pure water, improved streets, modern buildings. Ideal location for
FRUIT FARMS, DAIRY FARMS, BERRY FARMS, POULTRY FARMS,
ENCOURAGEMENT GIVEN SMALL INDUSTRIES.
For literature write or call at office of
RUTH TRUST qOMPANY
Mala 5076, or A 3774. . -235 Stark Street, Portland, Oregon.