The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, November 20, 1910, SECTION TWO, Page 4, Image 20

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Sits Selected, tmt Location Not Mada Public Large Tract Necessary New Zoo May Be Modeled After Bronx
Park la New York, If Sufficient Money Is Secured.
IH i v t f lli: '"T-S a 1
r ' s' - a
WJKTIIEll or not Portland 1 to
Lav an up-to-dat. oo la- the
question bow before lb Park
Board. 81 nee complaint were recently
made br residents nrar the park In
retard to the animals belns; a nntsance
to that neighborhood the Board has
been considering the matter of no-lea-
tb cased animala.
Several locations have been consid
ered, but only recently was a site
found, which will probably answer the
purpose. The Board has not yet made
public the location of the site.
No plans hare been made In resrard
to the size or style of the proposed
bandings. The plan of the Board Is
to erect first-elaea. modern bulldlnira
and to Increase the number of animals
In the exhibit, making; of It a la r ire
soo conducted on up-to-date lines. The
building, nay the Board, will be of
ornate design, substantial and with
steam.heatel rasjes. and Improved fa
cilities for feeding the animals.
"We should like to pa"ern the new
iiw after that of Bronx Park. New
Tork." said E. T. MIsche, superintend
ent of parks. "The cost of bulldlncs.
trradlns; and Improvements will be any
where from $ii.0u4 to I140.000. But
before we take steps to establish a
new zoo and more the old one. we must
have definite plana as to Just what
we are B'lne; to do.
-W hen the aoo was started at the
city park, there were only a few real-
S. B. Huston Telia Some Tacta la refutation of Falsehoods Uaed by tie Bonrne-Cnamberlain Combination
Dnrinr the Campaign and Incidentally Touches Upon Statement No. 1.
POUT LJOTP. Nov. 1. Tb the Editor.)
A great many thing were stated
on th stump and printed in news
papers during tlw recent primary election
and prior to the election concerning
the ajwembly. some of which were true
and some of which were utterly falee. I
do not know that It matters very much
and yet It occurred to me that now
(since election Is over ami the verdUA
of the people Is adverse to an assembly,
to which, verdict we all bow notwith
standing our judgment may be otber
tw) the truth of there matters ought
to be stated ar.d the false statements not
allowed t go ab.-aIutely uncontradicted.
There being no objoct now. real or sus
pected. In false statements about the
natter, probably the people are more In
a mood to know and believe the trsrtb
than thy were prior to the election.
First It wiis) repeatedly printed In J he
Portland twmoc ratio, onran and other
aewvpapers and seated from the stump
b snti-ajsM'iu&ly speakers that typewrit
ten lists of delegates which were desired
to be selected from the various) precincts
to the sssembty were prepared at Repub
lican headquarters and sent out to the
various precincts. Sometimes It was
stated that tliey were sent to all f the
preclncta and sometimes that they were
sent to most stl of the precincts: that
these lasts which were svnt out were
all for Mr. Bowerman. etc Now, of
course, I cannot say as to what hap
pened In other precincts, but I know
that the statement, so far as It applied
to the precinct In which I vote, was) ab
solutely without any foundation what
ever. Wheat tue RepubUcana met at the
appointed tune there were about S or W
well-known Republicans of the precinct.
There wasi no slate present, typewritten
or otherwise. There was no discusMon
with reference to whom a certain man
would favar for Governor or any other
office If be was) elected, but the question
discussed was. who can attend If be Is
elected. Several gentlemen- were pro
poaed. but dye lined upon the ground that
tiiey could not all end and as no proxies
were allowed tt was sought to elect men
who would attend. Finally F. E. Beach.
Henry E. Bed. T. J. Fording. H- H.
Northup and myself were elected as
delegates from our precinct. We did not
snow who the various members of our
delegation favored for any office. I did
not know tip to the. time we cast our
t.rtot and do not know now except that
i ul f tiTi-s seslkmu, w&a m era alter-
"3- vL '
dents In that nrtfrhhnrhood. bat now It
Is more thickly settled and the resi
dents are annoyed by the tolse of the
Mm illsche sayj that the present boo
Is cunducted along the same lines as
the iooi abroad: merely a "collec
tion." with no object -In view except
to feed and care for the animals In
an altogether too small place for the
purpose. It la hoped by the Board to
eirtablUh a place that will be Instruc
tive to visitors. "What there should
be." says Superintendent MIsche, "Is a
careful selection not a collection.' with
a definite poll'-y as to what animals
ehould be omitted, and ' what should
be secured.
"That zoo at the city park Is like
Topsy; It "Just g-rowed." Its first his
tory began with a few dog's which
were kept out there. To these were
added other anlmaln. which were taken
to the park to be cared for In the ab
sence of any other suitable place. Ad
ditions bave been made from time to
time until we have the present zoo.
It was never planned nor intended;
Just happened."
In order to make the new zoo an at
tractive place, members of the Park
Board say it will be necessary to ae
gulre 300 or 400 acres, and at the
-same time It must be accessible to the
There Is do doubt that most people
will take a peculiar attitude In the
matter of a new zoo," said Superin
tendent MIsche. "as a aoo always fol
lows a fully developed park system.
wards elected delegates to the state con
vention, told me that they voted for Dr.
Andrew C Smith.
ftecond It was printed repeatedly and
staled oa the exump by several a ntl-assembly
speakers that I to the candidate
of the corporations) or the. Interests for
chairman of the Multnomah County as
sembly. All I have to say about that
Ws this: If I was) I didn't know tt and I
00 not know It now. No man connected
with any of the publlo service corpora-
'tton ever suggested to me that I should
be a candidate for chairman and no
man. corporation or otherwise, ever asked
or suKgeeted or hinted that If I wa
elected chairman I should do any parti
cular thing. Now. If the corporations)
wanted me for chairman of the Multno
mah. County assembly It would seem
seasonable that they would want me to
appoint certain men upon, committees,
or to do something of some kind that
would In some way fsvor their Interests,
but I aay that no UrtuC man ever emg
gested to me any course of action, any
particular act or thing that I should do
if elected chairman. What made It more
ridiculous was the fact that It was as
serted tuat the corporations) were back
ing me very strenuomey for chairman
against Mr. Stapleton. but Mr. Btapleton
was on their alate for the legislative
ticket where he could do them ten times
a much good or barm, as the. case might
be. a be could as chairman of the Mult
nomah County assembly.
Thlr.1 It was freely stated that there
was a cut and dried alate not only In
rue county aeaembly but In the state
assembly; that everything was all fixed
and the delegatea were marked and
branded, and so forth and so on. Now,
1 took quite an active part in the coun
ty assembly as well as in the state
assembly. In the county assembly I
was the chairman of the Multnomah
County delegation. At no time during
the progress of elfher of these assem
blies did I ever see any slate or have
any knowledge of the existence of any
slate, and I do not believe there was
any. ' As chairman of the committee to
select the hundred end ten delegates. I
presided over Its meetlars and heard
everything that ooeurred there. No
word was ever utteged In Cue selection
of these men as to whom they favored
for Governor or for any other office.
The object seemed to be, as far as I
could determine, to get representative
Republicans and make them so repre
sentative that na on would &sve aa
But here we haven't at yet that park
system, althoug-n we know It, Is com
ing sooner or later, and we are going;
to try and establish the soo without
the system."
That the new 100. If established on
the plana suggested, will be far more
attractive than an ordinary soo. Is
claimed by the board, as each animal
can be given Its own natural surround
ing. When It comes to the moving of the
animals, there will no doubt be con
siderable Interest aroused, especially
among- the small boys. How will the
animala be moved? la being asked by
many. Some bave an Idea that this
Is to be very difficult task, but Mr.
MIsche explains that It will be very
A large strong- cage will be used,
which will be placed next to the ani
mal's regular cage from which he will
be driven Into the temporary cage.
The doors will then be closed and the
cas-e placed on a movlns- truck. This
programme will be carried out with
each and every animal. The lion and
the buffalo will be a little hard to
handle, while the elk will have to be
transferred when his horns are off.
At the present time there are In the
park 408 birds. Including: eagles, owls,
parrots, canaries, etc, and 175 animals.
Of the latter number 100 are guinea
piga. These no doubt will be moved,
and will be "charter members" of the
new zoo.
If the animals on exhibition at the
City Park could be consulted, they no
doubt would be unanimous in their
request for a new home, where they
will have plenty of room, and lots of
comfort. The heating facilities will
be so regulated In the new cages that
there will be little suffering from cold
or sickness. It will also be possible
to feed and care for them In a way
conducive to health.
But the lives of these dumb beasts
run along- In the same old way. They
axe totally .unconscious of the great
change In their life being planned, and
that the event of their lives Is ap
proaching "moving day."
opportunity to say that the assembly
waa not a representative body. Out of
the hundred, and ten selected by tVie
committee, about 60 were favorable to
the candidacy of Ir. Smith, but that
was not planned, so far as I know,
because men on the committee who
were for Bowerman Insisted npon the
selection of other men for delegates
who were known to be friendly to other
oandidates. The trurn Is that we were
all. so far as I know, anxious not to
advance the Interests of any particular
man but to make the assembly a suc
cess. W were anxious to get the
strongest ticket .possible. We did not
believe that under the free-for-all sys
tem advocated by the antl-assembly
people Republicans could elect a Gov
ernor or a Cnlted States Senator In
Oregon. We may have been mistaken
but one thing Is sure, they haven t
been able to do It so far. It Is. of
course, probable that fnere were men
In that assembly, as there are in all
gatherings, who had some selfish In
terest to advance, but the great ma
jority In the county assembly and In
I the state assembly In my judgment
were honest, sincere men. anxious only
to advance the Interests of the Republi
can party.
But referring again to personal mat
ters. Judge McGinn repeatedly stated
mat Mr. Stapleton and myself and oth
ers were there representing great cor
porate Interests and public service cor
porations, etc. etc. and particularly the
Portland Railway. Light A Power Com
pany. Thla waa afterwards repeated by
Mr. West at various places throughout
the state. I cannot speak for the oth
ers, but so far aa I am concerned the
statement was not only false, but was
absolutely without, any Justification
whatever. In rue past I have been con
cerned In litigation with the Northern
Pad no Railway, the Southern Pacific
Railway, the O. R. A N. Company, and
the Portland Railway, Light & Power
Company, always against them, never
for them. At the very time Waen Judgo
McGinn and Mr. Wast were making
these statements I. as attorney for the
Kelson Fender Company, was engaged
In a most hotly-contested fight with
the Portlsnd Railway. Light Power
Company before the City Council over
the adoption of the Nelson fenders, and
ils was known to everybody who read
the publlo prints carefully. With the
gas company I have' never had any
legal business, either for or against.
So I repeat that the statements were
not only false, but wickedly and de
liberately false.
Another favorite statement of these
and other antl-assembly speakers in
enumerating the various corporate In
terests -who controlled the state as
sembly, was to mention Judge Carey as
representing the great Hill Interests.
Judge Carey was not only not a dele
gate, but was not In Portland at the
time. I am charitable enough toward
Mr. West to believe that he would not
have made these statements If he had
positively known them to be false. I
think he simply read them as having
been made by others and adopted them
as his own. It does occur to me. how
ever, that a man who talks about tak
ing a shotgun to others for misrepre
senting him ought to be a little care
ful about the statements he makes
with reference to one who has always
been his friend.
Now. I do not wrtsh to be misunder
stood with respect to these matters. I
am not apologizing for my action In
taking part In the assembly. I agree
that asaemblylsm In Oregon Is dead, at
"legist for a long time, but I did not be
lieve and do not believe now that It
Is possible under .he free-for-all sys
tem, without any convention or as
sembly to confer tcrether. to nominate
a ticket composed of decent and repu
table men, and I think the experience
so far of the people of Oregon and
Multnomah County will bear me out In
this. There never waa a boss even of
Tammany so utterly depraved as to
place men on a ticket with the record
and the cu.aractr cf several of the n.en
no.iunated on the "antl-assembly tlrkjt
at the recent primary election. The
legislative ticket which waa nominated
two years ago was bad enough, but
rot so bad as this.
It was said that the assembly was
against thedlrect primary. That state
ment was also untrue so far as I am
Informed and believe. I do not think
Results Are Uncertain Under
New Initiative Amendments
President of the Oregon Bar Association Points Out' the Danger and
Impracticability of the People Making Radical Changes.
At the meeting of the Oregon Bar
Association last Thursday Frederick
V". Holman. Its president, read an ad
dress on the uncertainty of results un
der Initiative amendments of the Ore
gon constitution and pointed out prob
able danger Into which they would
lead this state. It was a lawyer's ad
dress to lawyer), yet popular In Its
bearing. The address will no doubt
be published in pamphlet form for
distribution among members of the as
sociation. Mr. Holman has small eonfldence in
direct legislation, aa witness this:
"And so it came about that without
changing the voters, except by num
bers, as Oregon Is a rapidly growing
state, the people who supposed they
could not govern themselves by a rep
resentative form of government, to
which they wer.e accustomed, adopted
a ' democratic form of government, of
which they knew nothing as to Its
workings, evidently believing that as
they were Incapable of electing proper
representatlvea they were capable of
enacting their laws by popular vote,
and as conditions were unsatisfactory
they could be bettered by upsetting the
existing order.
"But the result, partly at least, mint
be disappointing to these theorists, for
the crudity of these popular amend
ments to the constitution and other en
actments has been such that they have
been amended by the courts practical
ly legislating amendments, by deci
sions to make enactments work
able. Fortunately, perhaps, the initia
tive amendment of section 2 of article
XI of the Constitution relating to city
charters did not provide against their
amendment by Judicial decisions, but
only by the Legislature. And this sug
gests whether a further amendment to
the Initiative provisions of the Oregon
Constitution might not be made by
abolishing the Legislature and giving
all legislative power to the people and
to the courts, as Is the case with
amendments to the Constitution."
The address was confined mainly to
the enactment and amendment of char
ters of cities, towns and other munic
ipal corporations and the decisions of
courts In relation, thereto. Mr. Hol
man called attention to the uncertain
ty and confusion relative to the per
centage of voters required for filing
initiative and referendum petitions,
and showed how these affected direct
legislation subsequent to-the amend
ment of Section 1. Article IV of the Ore
gon Constitution as voted June 2, 1902.
He called particular attention to the
law as established on the following
powers and subjects, viz.:
First The law of eminent domain.
Second The power to grant fran
chlxes and the control of highways.
ThirS The law relating to bridges
on navigable rivers wholly within a
s s s
Mr. Holman quoted- numerous well
known authorities on eminent domain
ana said:
"The rlpht of eminent. domain is not
Inherent in a municipal corporation,
nor is it granted, nor can it be exer
cised merelv hy Implication. It must
bs granted by the Legislature, unless
. e .gismture is prohibited from so
doing by the Constitution, or by the
constitution of the state, by express
terms or by a necessary implication
equivalent to express terms. Eminent
domain being an incident of aover
elgnty, its exercise cam be granted by
the states to municipal corporations
and quasi-public corporations. Of
course the people of a state can deter
mine the "exercise of this power br
means of proper provisions In its con
stitution. There are no express pro
visions In the Oregon constitution giv
ing this power and It therefore rests
wholly In the Legislature, unless Sec
tion 2 of Artlole XL as now existing,
grants the right to exercise such
power. The only power given Is aa
follows: f .
The' legal voters of every city end town
sre hereby granted power te mai:t and
amend their charter, subject to the con
stitution and criminal J of toe state ot
0lMr!nilrolman quoted Supreme Court de
cisions In the following cases:
Dalles Lumbering Co. vs. I'rquhart, 16
Oregon. 67; Bridal Veil Lumber Co. vs.
Johnson. SO Oregon. 205: Muddeston vs,
K.igene, S Oregon. 343; Grand Ronde
Electric Co. vs. Drake. 46 Oregon. 248.
He added:
"It will thus be seen that the Oregon
Supreme Court had established the doc
trine that under "the constitution of the
state the right of eminent domain 'cau
be exercised only by legislative author
ity," and thus made it a part of the
Oregon constitution. It would seem that
at the time of the adoption of ths
amendment of Section 2. Article XI, of
the Constitution, in June, 1306. that the
power of the legal voters of a municipal
corporation 'to enact or amend their
municipal charter, subject to the con
stitution." did not give the power of
such voters to give a municipality the
right to exercise the powers of eminent
domain, and that such powers could be
conferred only by the Legislature or an
amendment to the Oregon Constitution,
especially aa the Oregon Supreme Court,
In Straw vs. Harris. 54 Oregon 4J4, held
that the Legislature, by a general law.
may at any time alter, amend or even
repeal any or all tof the charters within
it.' and can thus stin give ti municipal
ities the right to exercise the pxrwr of
eminent domain.
"It must not be forgotten that a dty
there were a dozen men in either as
sembly who would have favored the re
peal of the direct primary at the pres
ent time. They did believe, with Gov
ernor Hughes, ex-President Roosevelt
and President Taft, that It ought to
have the convention system engrafted
upon It. the convention being advisory
and the final primary being in the na
ture of a vote upon the action of the
convention. They did believe in the
passage of some law that would pre
vent Democrats invading the Republi
can primary by the thousands as they
did In the recent primary, but this It
seems can never be. The anti-assembly
people will never agree to It for
obvious reasons.
It was said that the assembly was
against Statement No. 1. The charge
was true. The assembly was made up
principally of men who had convictions
and who were not of the clasa of the
school teacher who. when asked by the
Board of Directors on applying for the
school whether he proposed to teach
that the world was round or flat, an
swered: "I teach either round or flat
as the Directors desire." They were
not men who believing In the gold
standard were willing to cast their
votes as legislators to send a free sil
ver man to the United States Senate,
and It was hard for them to have very
much respect for a man who was so
anxious to go to the Legislature that
he was willing" to agree to cast his
vote to send a man to the United
States Senate whose opinions were the
direct opposite of those of the. legis
lator himself. They were perfectly
willing and fayored the plan of a leg
islator pledging himself to abide by
the choice of his party, but the Idea
of a man pledging himself to vote for
one of the opposite party was and is
repulsive to men of strong convlotlons.
They realise now that Statement No. 1
has, come to stay, but that does not
make them respect It.
has imposed upon it two kinds of duties
or powers: one public or governmental
as an Instrumentality of the state, and
under which It exercises police powers;
the other Is private or proprietary. In
which it Is as a- legal Individual. It is
the latter capacity in which It owns Its
waterworks, and It Is liable for negli
gence as a private corporation or an in
dividual Is."
Mr. Holman quoted several decisions of
the Oregon Supreme Court on Vie Initia
tive and referendum powers to be exer
cised by a municipality, notably Kad
derly vs. Port of Portland, 44 Oregon,
118; Stevens vs. Venson, 60 Oregon, 263;
State vs. Longworthy, 104 Pacific, 424;
McKenna vs. City of Portland. 62 Ore
gon. 191, and Farrell vs. Port of Port
land, 52 Oregon. 6S2; Acme Dairy Co. vs.
City of Astoria, 43 Oregon. 520; Long vs.
City of Portland. 63 Oregon 92, and State
ex rel., Bradford vs. Portland R. L. &
P. Co., 107 Pacific, 958. He pointed out
that no provision was made for the num
ber of signatures to an Initiative petition",
and nothing in the act of 1907 saying in
what manner the signatures shall be veri
fied or how the number of voters shall
be determined.
He took the case of Straw vs. Har.
rls, which involved the constitutional
ity of the law creating the Port of
Coos Bay. "In this case," he said, "two
main points were decided:
"First That under the initiative and
referendum amendment of tho consti
tution there are two separate and dis
tinct law-making bodies, each equal,
viz., the Legislature and the people.
''Second That the state has not sur
rendered Its sovereignty to the muni
cipalities to the extent that the state
has lost control of the municipalities."
Discussing Justice King's decision In
this case, Mr. Holman declared:
"Instead of two lawmaking bodies
there would seem to be three, or, pos
sibly four.
"First The Legislature.
"Second Tl people of the whole
state. ,
"Third The people of a municipality.
"Fourth The Common Council or
Commissioners of a municipality.
"The holding that the people and the
Legislature may each 'enact any law
and may even repeal any act passed by
the other,' shows to what a dangerous
condition these Initiative amendments
of the constitution have brought the
State of Oregon. It Is a condition sim
ilar to that which would occur If the
sole legislative body of a state was
composed of twn houses which did not
have to concur to enact a law, and
each could enact laws to the exclusion
of the other 'and ev.en repeal any act
passed by the other.'
"Suppose that in the State of Oregon
two antagonistic acts were passed, one
by the Legislature, the other by the
people, and these two acts went Into
effect the same days, what would be
the result? It would be like the cele
brated case of an Irresistible force
meeting an Immovable body. Will not
the Legislature become as useless as a
vermiform appendix Is to a human be
ing? It may have some functions but
It Is mostly a menace but a source of
revenue to doctors political? Would It
not be well to cut It out before it be
comes dangerous?"
The next question taken tip was mu
nicipal Indebtedness, which the Su
preme Court has not yet passed on.
"Section 5 of Article XI of the Con
stitution of Oregon Is as follows: 'Acts
of legislative assembly incorporating
towns and -cities shall restrict, their
powers of taxation, borrowing money,
contracting debts, and loaning their
credit.' Probably when provision is
made allowing cities and towns to be
Incorporated which are aot now In ex
istence, this clause will not apply to
them for the reason that they are not
Incorporated by an act of the Legisla
ture. "But the question arises In cities which
were Incorporated by b pedal charters by
the Legislature and were in existence at
the time of the adoption of the initiative
amendments in 1U06, whether this Section
5- of Article XI i repealed by implica
tion, by the amendment of Section 3 of
Article XI of the Constitution. It would
seem as a matter of law that Bald. Sec
tion & of Article XI ia a limitation upon
the power of a city to contract indebted
ness where such a provision was in its
charter at the adoption of the initiative
amendments in VJui.
"The legal voters, of the City of Port
land have acted on the assumption that
this Section 6 of Article XI was repealed
by these amendments. It is but addi
tional evidence showing the imprudence
of initiative measures when such a ques
tion is left in doubt.
"If Portland should cause a bridge to
be- erected at each street or most of the
streets abutting on the Willamette River
it would practically confiscate all water
front on the Willamette River as far
south aa the rapids at the mouth of the
Clackamas River. But what will the
Portland people say if a city or town, be
tween Portland and the mouth of the
Willamette should erect enough bridges
practically to Interfere with or prevent
ships coming to Portland? It might be
desired by owners of properties - along
Columbia Slough to have this done and
make all shipping use that slough when
it is deepened by dredging, to the exclu
sion of the harbor at Portland."
Mr. Holman took up the question of the
granting of franchises, disctjeised conflict
ing decisions and concluded: "Such
franchises when granted by a dty and
1 j-sns. .mAJ
is famous for the sport. Has a wonder
ful mild Winter climate. No fog no
frost just warm and delightful. Bath
lnar and boatinsr in Avalon Bay is de
lightful. December. January, Febru
ary and March are delightful months.
through glass-bottom boats. Greatest
game and fishing resort in the world.
Beautiful illustrated book free on re
trie Bids-
Los AniteleH
fi rooms ; 3f0 with private bath:
Ji rates 11. 50 upwards: equipped
Jl'f with( Turkish baths and mam
J. I 7 tti ot h ewl m min k poo la : he au t i f u 1
marine vier or Kan Dlfro Bay.
For book If t. J. H. Holm, Bier.,
of Green. FauadeDsV.
Prnsidan in chartet-PdrwratiendsftjtIA jrl
H Ss4Cftlifornl' neweit abs. firproo
Is the place to visit. Orange groves in full bloom, tropical flowers,
famous hotels, historic Old Missions, attractive watering places,
delightful climate, making this favored section the Nation's most
popular retreat. You can 6ee this section at its best via the
Shasta Route a"d wor.-ou'and
Up-to-date trains, first-class in every respect, unexcelled dining
car service, quick time and direct connections to all points south.
With corresponding low rates from all other sections of the North
west. Liberal stop-overs in each direction and long limit. Inter
esting and attractive literature on the various resorts and attrac
tions of California can be had on application to any S. P. or 0. R.
& N. Agent, or from
WM. McMUREAY. Gen. Pas. Agent, Portland, Oregon
accepted by the grantee could not he
revoked hy the Legislature or the peo
liOng and Short-Haul Settled, Colo
rado Suit IMarulssed.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 19. Declaring;
that except for a charire of deviation
from the long and short-haul section,
the case presented no question not
previously disposed of In the Cedar Hill
Coal & Coke Company case, the Inter
state Commerce Commission today dis
missed the complaint of the Colorado
Commercial Traffic Association against
the Colorado St Southern Railroad and
The complaint, like the ones of the
Will start with the following business houses:
And besides will .have a modern three-room depot.
Planked streets and sidewalks;
And the finest water system in the Valley;
Combined with the richest soil on earth and ready for plow.
Could anyone want more for a SMALL farm or COUNTRY HOME
Call or write for booklet.
Room 3, Chamber of Commerce,
Portland, Oregon.
Long Beach
;One of the most delightful warm-Win-ter
climates in the world. The mam
moth and beautiful Hotel Virginia
offers everv accommodation. Is abso
lutely FIREPROOF, and overlooks the
Pacific Ocean, where the Winter bath
ing 1 perfect. The famous VIRGINIA
IN WEST. Conducted on American plan.
book let,
Man a tret.
Long Beach
Offer EreiT
L1NA. Booklet. BASiM.Vft CO., P. H.
Bldg-., Los Angeles, Cal.
Beautifully illustrated. Showing ev
ery nook aud corner of this famous
institution on Battle Creek plan. Sent
free upon request.
Long Beach, CaL .
on the mountain slope at Sierra Madrt, but
few miles from Los Angeles. AHItuda J 5 00
ft. Ten cottages, mission bungralows, club
house, Classes m Art aud Craft, resident
physician. Trained nursea. Mod. rates.
For BOOKLET, etc. address either Sani
tarium or 1 0-4 Coulter Ttldg., TjOB Angeles.
Portland to Los Angeles
and Return
lndfvldual members of the association
which were dismissed, concerned the
rates on bituminous coal from the
Walscnburg district in Southern Colo
rado to Kansas and Nebraska. As to
the long and short haul phase of the
controversy, whatever the merit of the
contention might be, the Commission
declined to make any order at this
The greater charge to intermediate
stations than to the more distant sta
tions over the same line In the same
direction will become unlawful on the
expiration of six months from August
17. last, unless the railroad in the
meantime apply to the Commission for
authority to deviate from the prescrib
ed rule, which the Commission would
promptly investigate.
The value of the output of Quebec's mines '
has more than doubled In ten years, from
1 . . . - . -i .baa ,n I; RR4 Ofil la. vmt. ii, w-"" j