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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
TnE SONDAY OREGONIAN. PORTXAXD, MAY 3. 190S.
Great Outpouring of Catholics
in Parade Before Car
HE WARS UPON ' DIVORCE
AVants All Religions Bodies to Join in
Opposition Thinks Christianity .
the Only Antidote ; to the '
Growth of Socialism. -
NEW YORK, May 2. New York wit
nessed an extraordinary religious demon
stration today, on Fifth avenue, when
40.000 Catholic laymen, ranging- in years
from 30 to 0, passed In review before, the
Archbishop of New York and his guest of
honor, the Irish prelate, Cardinal Logue,
of Armaeh. It was a climax to a series,
of rejoicings for a century of organized
Catholicism in this city. Thousands of
persons saw the parade from the side
walks, windows and roofs of houses and
other points of vantage. Archbishop Far
ley received today a letter from President
Roosevelt congratulating him on the suc
cess of the celebration. Cardinal Logue,
who has seen and participated in the
grandeur of the Roman liturgy at Rome
and elsewhere, made this statement:
"I never saw such an impressive gath
ering in all my life, and I never expect to
witness such a demonstration of loyalty
to the Catholic faith."
Streets Jammed for Honrs.
It was exactly a quarter to 2 o'clock this
afternoon when the mounted police escort
ing the marching host were seen from the
grandstand at "the cathedral, and at that
moment the chimes on the Gothic pile
pealed out "The Star-Spangled Banner"
and a mighty cheer went up from the
thousands congregated on the streets and
jammed in the avenue and side streets.
Brigadier-General Thomas H. Barry was
the grand marshal. Except the grand
marshal and his staff and the marshal of
each division, all were afoot. It was
about 6:30 when the last company passed
The escort of the procession was a body
of men from the Catholic Club, about 400
In all, that included Thomas F. Ryan,
ex-Justice Morgan J. O'Brien and, other
well-known men. The Knights of Colum
bus were represented by their uniformed
body and 10.000- picked men. Thousands
of menibers of other Catholic organiza
tions were In line.
I'nited to Fight Divorce.
It was announced tonight that the Irish
cardinal will remain here for a few days
more before beginning his visit to other
cities. Cardinal Logue said tonight that
he hoped to visit President Roosevelt
while in Washington. In an interview,
speaking of the divorce question, he said:
"I have watched and studied the divorce
problem here with a good deal of inter
est and the time has come for all re
ligious bodies to unite upon this Sub
ject. It has been a great pleasure to me
to note that ministers of all the sects
are united in preaching against it. It is
not entirely a matter of religion. The
welfare of the state demands that some-
tiling should be done in this country to
check, this evil."
v " 'Advance of Socialism.
j-. Cardinal . Logue declared that Social-
ism was making great advances in Eng
f. tund nd that he believed Socialism eould
he remedied by Christianity in relieving
"But there IS another kind of Socialism
and that kind is against religion. When
' it comes In, all other Socialism goes out.
"" really think there are some men with
' great wealth who are trying to do their
best with it. I think that Mr. Carnegie,
"whom I met thft other night at dinner.
Is spending freely for what he believes
to be -the welfare of the people and I
think that Mr. Rockefeller is doing a
great deal of good In founding a univer
slty." GREAT UNREST IN COREA
Hatred of Japanese Requires- Strin
gent Police. Regulation.
SEOUL, May 2. The government of
. C'orea. acting in co-operation with the
office of the Japanese Resident-General.
' at Seoul, Prince Ito, is preparing plans
for an active and final campaign against
; the disorderly forces in Corea. These
forces, insurgents and bandits, are mak
ing much trouble: they prevent the
Korean agriculturists from disposing of
their products and hamper general . busi
, The present disturbed conditions in the
Interior of Corea are due chiefly to the
: Insufficiency of the protection available
' for the farms and other peaceful in
habitants. The disturbing element today
Is composed largely of men out of em
ployment, discharged Corean soldiers and
regular bandits. It is the practice of the
' marauders to oppress and rob the farm
ers, to attack villages and kill-Japanese.
The bandit element probably numbers
altogether not more than 3000. The real
t'orean patriots, who are Irreconcilable
toward the idea of a Japanese protec
torate do not exceed 1000. but there exists
a feeling of unrest and hatred toward
the Japanese among a majority of the
A society of Coreans called the Ilehon
hos, pro-Japanese organization, also is
embarasslng the administration. This so
ciety is composed of the lower element
of the Corean people, and It takes advan
tage of the presumed authority of the
Japanese to oppress Corean farmers and
laborers In th interior. Furthermore,
certain native newspapers are in the
habit of publishing inflammatory articles
against the Japanese, while the pro-Ja-p-anese
press suppresses the actual facts.
The Residency-General has just issued
some stringent press regulations, directed
against the Japanese. Corean and foreign-owned
vernacular newspapers. It
proposes to confiscate those journals that
circulate inflammatory articles.
Xhe Insurgents are at present pre
venting the natives from bringing in
wood for fuesl and vegetables Into Se
oul, Chemulpo. Fusan and other towns.
They He in wait on the highways, con
fiscate the goods and . frequently kill
the .farmers. Another evidence of the
unrest Is found In the fact that two
American missionaries recently re
delved letters threatening them with
deathlf they aided the government
against the Insurgents. The govern
ment now proposes thoroughly to po
lice the 'entire country. The reinforce
ments to this end probably will amount
to 800 men. Including some 400 Co
reans, who make excellent police when
under Japanese officers.
' While commerce and trade are prac--ttirally
at a standstill here and In
other towns, considerable building and
general improvement work is" going
forward. The Japanese population is
MUST DEMONSTRATE PEACE
Xew By-Law of Christian Science
Church Is Adopted.
BOSTON, May 2. It was understood
tonight by the officers of the First
Church of Christ (Scientist) that a new
by-law bearlngon the subject of peace
has been adopted:
"It shall be the duty of members of
the Mother Church and of its branch
churc.es to promote peace on earth
and good will toward men; but to do
this It Is not needful to form outside,
organizations. Members of the Mother
Church shall not hereafter become
members of peace societies, but shall
DELEGATES SO FAR CHOSEN
Taft , Figures on Convention Brought
Up to Date.
state. . S ? ': s 5 2.
: : s s ;sr :
- n a, s, . -
: : ' : Z$ :
, ' o .
. I -
Alabama 22 16 101 6 ... 8
Arizona 2 2 2 2
Colorado ......... 4 4 .
Delaware 6 ... - 6
DIM. o Columl 2 2 . . . 2 .
Florida 10 10 10 10
Georgia U0 2 ... 2
Hawaii 2 2 . . . 2 '
Illinois .-. 64 B4 2 8 44
Indiana SO SO 30....
Iowa . 20 20 26
Kansas 201 20 20
Kentucky 20i 4 2. . 2 ...
Louisiana IS 81. . . 8
Maine 10 8 2 4
Maryland 10 12 10 2
Massachusetts 32 30 16 14
Michigan 2S 10 8 2
Minnesota .... 22 22 22
Mississippi .... 20 2 4... 2
Missouri ...... 36 32 '32 8
Nebraska 1 10 10
Nevada 6 . . . 0 ..... .
New Hamp. .. 8 8... 8
New Mexico..'. 2 2 2
New York 78 681 2 18 4S ...
North Carolina. 24 10 8 2
Ohio 40 42 40 ..... . 4
Oklahoma 14 14 14 4
Pennsylvania . 6S OS 68...
Philippines ... 2 2 2
Porto Kico ... 2 21. . . 2
Rhode Island.. 8 8
South Carolina. 18 2... 2... ...
South Dakota . 8 8 8
Tennessee .... 24 2 20 14
Vermont : 2S' 4 ... 4
Virginia 24! 24 14 10
West Virginia. 14 8 81
Wisconsin . 20 2 25, . ..
Total 1 83416421 3031181 21T 54
promote the welfare of all mankind by
demonstrating the rules of Divine
PLANS ARE TURNED DOWN
Turret and Ordnance Boards Disa
gree With Congress' Idea.
SAXTA CRUZ, Cal., May 2.-The spe
cial boards of turret and ordnance offi
cers of the Atlantic fleet, which held a
special meeting to consider a proposi
tion from the Bureau of Construction in
Washington looking to the further safety
and protection of the turret hoists in
eight and 12-inch -turrets, voted unani
mously , to disapprove of the proposed
changes. The proposition was discussed
at considerable length, but It failed en
tirely to find favor with the officers. It
Is understood that Congress has already
appropriated 1500,000 to make the changes
in the hoists, and the plan which was
turned down was the one selected by the
Bureau of Construction. The scheme
involved the building of enclosed steel
trunks reaching from the protective
decks below the turrets down to the
floor of the handling rooms. The hoist
ing cars were to be operated Inside of
the Bteel trunks. Three automatic doors
were a part of the plan for insuring
safety. One of these doors was In the
trunk In- the handling room and another
at the protective deck. It was also
proposed to have a section of the pro
tective deck fixed to revolve with the
The whole trunk from, the floor of the
turret to the floors of the handling-room
was to revolve with the turret. One objec
tion to the plan was that it Involved the
use of much complicated machinery, while
the turret machine was already too com
plicated. Another was that the automatic
doors and other features of the plan
involved too great a sacrifice of time and
that required rapidity of fire eould not be
accomplished. Still another objection was
that the trunk which would be rectangular,
in shape, about 20 by 9 by 4 feet, would
occupy too much room in the handling
room and make it difiicult for the men to
work there. The boards will have another
meeting In the near future, at which
these subjects of further Insuring the
safe operation of the turret hoists are to
- Germany does not permit dentists to style
themselves "American," as is the custom all
EDITORIAL STAFF OF ALBANY'S HIGH SCHOOL PAPER
- v, Yjiv Vv i
ALBANY, Or., April 25. (Special.) The Albany High School publishes one of the brightest and breeziest
school papers in Oregon. It is called "The Whirlwind," and is now in its fourth successful year. The staff
includes many of the leading pupils of the school and is composed of a bright corps of writers.
The members of "The Whirlwind" staff, all shown in the accompanying photo, are: Editor, Wilson
Peery; associate editor, Gertie Taylor; literary editor, Nita Schultz; exchange editor, Kate Stewart; athletic
editors, Dolly Bending and Verne McPherren: class editors, seniors, George Blatchrord: Juniors, Minnie
Lugger; sophomores, Anna Johnson; freshmen, Olin Douglas. Lucille Hart is business manager; Rolla
Ralston, assistant manager, and Melissa Martin, subscription agent.
Increase in Paper Prices Not
Due to High Wages.
NORRIS GIVES THE FIGURES
While Price to Publishers Rises $12
a - Ton, Labor Cost Only In
creases 52 Cents Small
Advance in Wages.
WASHINGTON, May 2. According to
figures submitted today by John N orris
representing the American Newspaper
Publishers' - Association, to the select
committee of the House on wood pulp
and print paper investigation, regarding
the increased Utbor cost per ton of paper
produced, the Increase amounted to but
52 cents a ton. In spite of statements
of the papef men to the contrary, ne said,
his calculation was correct, and yet he
charged that the papermakers had put
on an increased price of 912 a ton, at'
leging that the Increase was due to the
higher cost of labor. In the case of the
Hudson River mill, Mr. Norris presented
data showing that even though the mill
changed "from a two to a three-tour
basis," the cost of production of paper
actually had been reduced $1.13 per ton.
It was, he said, a matter about which
he has personal knowledge. Mr. - Norris
continued for some time to discuss the
change of base from a two-tour or two
shift basis to a three-tour or thre-shift
Dasis, contenamg tnat tne increase in
cost was not sufficient to Justify the ad
vance in prices. '
Wages Remain Very Low.
Mr. Norris, replying to questions by
Mr. Mann, . gave evidence showing that
the average wage of union paperworkers
in the State of New York for the third
quarter of 1906 was $10.94 per week.
which he said was very low. Ho would
not enter into a discussion with Mr.
Mann as to the latter's suggestion that
it appeared to be about -time the wages
should be increased.
Answering Messrs. Ryan and Bannon
the witness said that his wage calcula
tions had' reference to union helpers,
workers and skilled laborers, exclusive of
women and children. In the State of
Mississippi, he said, the average weekly
wage for 1906 was $9.20, and that this
figure took into account employes of all
In further refutation of the claim of
the paper manufacturers regarding the
high cost of labor. Mr. Norris read from
reports of the United States Bureau of
Labor by which it appeared there was a
decrease in the wage of paperworkers In
1906 as compared with 1905. and that
paper-working was the only industry
that was decreased.
Only Slight Increase Made.
As showing the slight increase that
had taken place in the wage of paper
workers, Mr. Norris offered statistics for
the year 1901. which fixed the paper
production at 2.782,219 tons at an average
labor cost of $7.45 per week. In 1905, he
said, the 66,964 paperworkers In the
United States received an average wage ,
Of $9.32 per week. j
Further disputing the statements of i
the papermakers as to the wages paid.
Mr. Norris presented in evidence official
statistics regarding the printing and
binding group, which he said were re
ceiving 78 per cent more wages than
were being paid to the paperworkers. At
this juncture adjournment was taken un
til Monday morning.
ABANDONS HS OLD LAW
John Bull at Last Allows Appeals
iri Criminal Cases.
LONDON, April 25. The criminal ap
peal act of 1907, which took effect April
19 of this year. Is expected to work a
revolution in the administration of yie
In addressing the grand jury recently
at East Sussex quarter sessions, over
which he presided. Justice Grantham re
ferred .to' the change. His lordship said
he was that day practically attending the
"last post" of the old criminal law of
England. The latter provided that where
persons were accused of crime the final
appeal rested with a Jury of their own
The criminal appeal act, 1907 (7 Edw. 7,
ch. 23), undoubtedly owes its existence
partly to the persevering agitation of
the press, and partly to a slowly Increas
ing popular demand for some means of
reviewing the Judgments that are given
In the course of the administration of our
criminal law. Mistakes, occasioning 'a
miscarriage of justice and inflicting in
tolerable hardships, have been so fre-
WHO HAVE CHARGE OF" "THE WHIRLWIND.'
quently made that it began to be felt
that not only were the best traditions of
the law In danger of violations, but even
the security of the subject was a matter
of the gravest concern. j
Instances of serious blunders which
have shaken public confidence occur
readily enough to one's mind, and the
worst feature of these mistakes has
been the irremediable nature of the suf
fering and distress which they have
caused. In many cases the worst results
have been prevented by the untiring ef
forts of' the press.
It is the first time In the history of
English law that there has been a court
to which appeal In criminal matters may
be made more or less corresponding In
constitution and procedure to the Court
of Appeal which now reviews decisions
in civil actions.
The Judicature act of 1S73, although
creating a general Court of Appeal in
civil cases, . still retained, by section 47,
the rule that "no , appeal shall lie from
the High court in any criminal cause or
matter." This rule has become widely
known, generally representing the popu
lar Idea of the restricted nature of crim
As a matter of fact, under the same
section a right of appeal was reserved for
any "error of law apparent upon the
record," and a further appeal lay by pe
tition to the House of Lords. But unfor
tunately the procedure governing these
appeals did not tend to place them with
in easy reach of the ordinary individual,
since in all cases of appeal under this
rule the express permission of the Attorney-General
had to be obtained.
It Is interesting to note that by the
new act writs of error are entirely abolished.
In addition there was the Court for
Crown Cases reserved, a tribunal of five
or more judges of the high court, who
considered any question of law that arose
at the trial,, whether it were "apparent
upon the record or not." This court has
not, however, been extensively used, the
average annual number of cases whjch
it tried being less than a dozen, while in
1900 only six of these appeals came be
The outstanding feature of the new act
is that, subject to some restrictions, it
gives a right of appeal upon questions
of fact, although altogether there are
three main grounds of appeal available.
IN MASTERING JAPANESE
Takes Child Seven Tears to Learn
Essentials of Alphabet.
Kansas City Star.
Japanese is not an easy language
even for the native born subject of the
Mikado, but It is vry difficult of ac
quirement by the Westerner. Clive
Holland, in his book, "Old and New
Japan," does not give foreigners any
encouragement that they will ever be
able really to learn the language. It
takes a Japanese child seven years, it is
said, to learn the essential parts of
the Japanese alphabet. To use a Japa
nese dictionary, Mr. Holland says, one
must be familiar with no fewer than
214 signs, which may be said to eerve
the same purpose as initial letters In
American dictionaries. Then, after one
has tracked down iri one of these 214
signs some -part of the character for
which he is about to undertake an ex
ploration, he still has a veritable North
Pole hunt ahead of him. The pompous
first personal pronoun is avoided when
ever it is possible' in epeaking Japa
nese. If it must be used It is introduced
casually, but generally the abstract
noun "selfishness" serves in its stead.
For example, a Japanese would not say,
"I don't drink wine," but "Wine don't
drink"; or, if this is not clear enough,
"Selfishness wine don't drink." Refer
ence to one's self possessions must be
deprecatory. Thus, if a man wishes to
point out his own residence, he says,
"That miserable house," which, of
course, could refer to no other than his
own. On the other hand. "That beauti
ful house," would easily identify the
house as belonging to some one else.
Moreover, any one who wishes to learn
Japanese must be prepared to learn two
languages: the written and the spoken.
The one differs so materially from the
other, that- if a Japanese is reading a
hook or newspaper and wishes to do so
aloud, it becomes necessary for him to
translate the written words into- the
colloquial. To be able to read any of
the higher-class Japanese newspapers,
Mr. Holland says, it is necessary to
master at least from 2500 to 3000 ideo
graphs. CONCERNING 'DEGENERACY'
A Term Which is Applied to All
Classes of Criminals?
There is one word irf our language
which I have come to hate with a viru
lence far greater than that reserved for
many mortal sins; the word "degen
erate." First popularized by a half-educated
coxcomb, who tried to explain to
the universe in terms of a before-break-fast
grouch, it has spread till now genius,
insanity and crime are all lumped under
the one overworked heading. This is an
extreme instance, of course.
The term is usually applied to criminals
any sort of criminals. The man who
Savings 6 Trust
247 WASHINGTON STREET
Pays intertst on Savings Ac
counts and Time Certificates.
Receives deposits subject to
check without limitation as to
Effects collections in any part
of the country on most reason
' Acts as Trustee in all legiti
Cares for properties, collects
Interviews solicited with those
contemplating any phase of our
breaks the law and gets caught is not
simply one of us who has gone wrong,
but a "degenerate," a creature apart, a
being outside the pale of human sym
pathy. This hand-me-down moral classi
fication is backed by a host of physical
signs "stigmata of degeneration" they
are called. A lobeless ear gives you so
many points toward a Lombroso diploma
of "degeneracy": a low forehead, so
many; a high palate, so many; defects of
hearing, mouth-breathing. Insensitive
skin, all have their assigned value. On
every hand we are asked to drop the
old-fashioned notion that man is a
responsible creature, that he belongs to
the "educabilla," aa Cuvier would say,
and is capable of learning, even though
with stripes. Instead we are told that
man is a mere test tube full of diverse
moral or immoral chemicals, and that
the "expert" can foretell the inevitable
reaction by the color of the hair and
the cut of the front teeth.
There is an element of truth In all this.
There are human beings whose natures
are so warped that they cannot go
straight. But these unfortunates, while
they furnish many of our sensational,
un-understandable crimes, are really only
a tiny proportion of our criminal popu
lation. The average criminal, at the be
ginning of his career. Is very much like
the average non-criminal. He may be,
usually is, a little more lazy, a little
more impulsive, a little less given to es
timating the remoter consequences of his
acts. And that Is all. He commits crime
either from the conjunction of impulse
and opportunity or from calculation of
profit. Train him to curb the impulse or
show him that crime is unprofitable and
he drops the business, if he can. And tbat
Is precisely the way in which- every one
of us has won whatever moral position
he may hold today. There Is no sharp
division between the sheep and the goats.
The man who can look you between the
eyes and say that he has never had a
criminal Impulse, is either a most accom
plished liar or has a conveniently slip
BOTH SIDES CONSIDERING
Meanwhile, 35,000 .Coalmincrs in
Southwest Are Idle.
KANSAS CITY, May !. After consider
ing a number of minor causes in the con
tract, the sub-committee of the South
western coalminers and operators to
night took a recess for ten days to en
able both sides to formulate new plans
for an agreement. In the meantime 33,000
coalminers of the Southwest remain Idle.
Lilley Has More to Tell.
WASHINGTON, May 2. Representative
George L. Lllley, of Connecticut, under
whose resolution a special committee of
the House has investigated the Legisla
tive methods of the Electric Boat Com
pany, is desirous of again appearing be
fore the committee, notwithstanding the
fact that as far as the taking of oral
testimony- is concerned the investigation
The Barber-Surgeon's Pole.
New York Press.
There is an evident purpose to get
gradually away from the old-fashioned
barber's pole, for you will notice here
and there that the stripes red. blue and
white are painted horizontally or ver
tically, and occasionally are latticed. The
real chirurgical pole ought to have the
stripes winding around its length in ser-
pentine form; the blue representing the
venous blood, the red the arterial and the
PIANO OPPORTUNITY UNUSUAL
See Special Display in Window, Corner Washington and Park Streets, Monday Morning
SOME BARGAIN'S ALL BIG VALUES the opportunity comes to us through the railroads paying tho dam
ago and now we pass it on to you if you come before they are taken.
Monday inornlnir at 0:30 and until all lire Mold w( will offer the nioxt
tempting money-navlngr opportunity In a Piano ufted nnd trained hy the
world' greatest musicians pianos that have stood the moot exactinic
trstK In music school, conservatories, etc.,, and onr to be found in '
thousands of American homes. Saving: run a third on nil nearly a half
on some. Choice to flrt callers after 9i30 Monday morning;.
$295 to $310 for. the $500 Styles . $330 for the Latest $550 Models
$395 for Very Artistic $6C0 Designs
A blemish a scratch or varnish-bruised spot on a hlghtly-f Inlshed piano will cause quite a depreciation in
selling price when sold by a house that tells Its customers of any and ail imperfection j before tnev buy, and
the higher quality and more expensive the piano the more cause the instrument should be perfect if sold
at the regular price.
It is, and always has been, and always will be the "Ellers Way" to tell ls customers and show them
all these little Imperfections, blemishes, etc.. hence pianos that are not absolutely perfect in every detail
nuiNt be ald for less even if worth fnll price mmiloally, and now Monday morning we have something
out of the ordinary: Nearly a carload of the very highest grade, best-known of the world's famous pianos,
reached us some time ago slightly damaged. Most of them on the top cover, scratches, small bruises, etc.,
but where they will not show, especially when covered with' a scarf. A
few have a little more serious blemishes mostly on or around the fall
board and will suffer more in the mark-down. At any rate the loss at
a fair estimate was settled by the railroads, and we don't lose a dollar
by passing it on to our customers better arrange to come down and
examine the pianos. Special display Mondav morning in our Washing
ton and Park-street windows, where ther Is plenty of light that cus
tomers may see any and all imperfections, scratches, etc. We predict
It will not take much advertising to close out tills small lot, ana espe
cially just at this time of the year when, after moving or house-cleaning,
and the children will soon need a piano durin-sr vacation the first
Best Make can be bought at about
Portland opens tne 1908
with San Francisco,
- : X
Copyright 1908 by
You can be umpire in our good clothes match if you'd like
to; and we know we'll get the decision as soon as you look
at the score we're making. Every point is honestly earned.
Hart, Schaffner 8 Marx Clothes
are making good with every man who. knows them, because
they're right and the price is right.
SDITS, $18 to $40
Samuel Rosenblatt Co.
COR. THIRD AND MORRISON STS.
white being symbolical of the bandage
used In tying up the arm after withdraw
ing the ligature. The pole itself Is a sign
that the operator possesses a stout staff
for his patients to hold, continually
tightening and relaxing their grasp dur
Real economy in shoe buying consists in getting a good shoe for
the money you pay, not in paying a low price for it.
We sell Selz Royal Blue Shoes here at $3.50, $1.00 and $5.00 the
price varies with the leather and the style and finish. They're the
best shoes in the world for the money; the most economical shoes, in
comfort and service, ever produced.
Selz Royal Blue Shoos, $3.50, $4.00 and $5.00.
the ordinary price of a cheap one.
Base Ball Season at Home
Tuesday, May 5th
Hart Schaffhcr & Marx
ing the operation accelerating the flow
of blood by the muscular action of the
arm. The phlebotomlst's staff is of great
antiquity. It is to be found among his
properties In an illuminated missal of the
time of Edwnrd I.
and Widths Marked In rialn Ensllsh.
d I b pn a tit
353 Washington St.