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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
THE SUNDAY OREGOXIAX, PORTLAND, MAY 3. 190S.
Sixty-fifth Anniversary of the
Founding of Oregon
MEET ON HISTORIC SPOT
Pioneers and Their Descendants
;ather at Village Where Pro
visional System of Homo Itule
Was Adopted In 1813.
At Champorg. a small settlement on the
Willamette River between Salem and
Oregon City, the 6Stli anniversary of the
establishment of provisional government
in the Oregon country was celebrated
-vestcrday by a gathering of pioneers and
their descendants from various parts of
the Willamette Valley. While the weather
was not at all favorabe to the celebration,
deterring many of the older pioneers from
venturing out and seriously interfering
with the plans of those in charge, over
limo people, were present and participated
in the exercises.
The boats from Salem and Portland ar
rived at the ground soon after noon;
bringing large parties of excursionists.
People from the neighboring towns had
gathered earlier in the day and by 2
o'clock, when tho exercises began, the
grounds were crowded. .The programme
was in charge of l' X. Matthieu Cabin,
Native Sons of Oregon, of Butteville.
Owing to the ilncss of Ralph Moody, of
Portland.' the orator of the day; his place
was taken by U D. Mahone. Joseph
Buchtel, who was to have acted as roas
ter of ceremonies, was also unable to be
present. K. M. Croisan, of Salem, pre
sided. A feature of the occasion was the
presence, of X. Matthieu. the only sur
vivor of the memorabio assembly and the
man whose vote decided the new govern
ment should be controlled by the United
Only Survivor Present.
Mr. Matthieu, who celebrated" his 9Hh
birthday on April 2, was in the best of
health and spirits, and keenly enjoyed tho
attentions he received from the visitors.
An arbor bad been erected in tho grounds
near the spot where the members of the
convention gathered 65 years ago. The
rain, however, compelled an adjournment
to a neighboring building. Tho pro
gramme was opened with music furnished
by the Parrott Mountain Band. Prayer
was offered by Rev. J. E. Walker, one of
the oldest native sons of Oregon. Mr.
Walker Is the son Of the late Rev. and
Mrs. Blkanah Walker, who crossed the
plains In 1838 as missionaries to the In
dians. A vocal selection was rendered by
Mrs. Riley Schureur, of Butteville. An
Address was then delivered by Mr
Whitten, of Newberg. Mrs. Whitten eulo
gized the pioneers of this state and dwelt
upon the advantages which have been
gained through their sacrltlces. She urged
that a deeper lntereet be taken In tne
pioneer history of the state.
"All honor to the Oregon pioneers," said
Mis. Whitten. "All honor to those brave
men who In the face of perils and hard
ships came Into the wilderness and found
ed a new commonwealth. Ail honor to
those loyal women who left their homes
of plenty and came here to this new and
untried land and stood shoulder to shoul
der, through hardships and privations,
with the men they loved. They helped
to make our state what It is, and we of
the younger generation are proud to know
them, to offer them the respect, yes the
love, of our hearts. In the annals of our
great American history may their names
stand, a record of love and devotion along
with the men of the Cumberland, of Bun
ker Hill and Gettysburg." .
Condemns the Solons.
P. H. D'Arcy, of Salem, also spoke
briefly. He referred to the bill, killed by
the last Legislature, which provided that
an assembly hall be erected on the
grounds at Champoeg. He deplored the
'unpatriotic action of. that body, and also
expressed the opinion that a larger and
more elaborate monument should be
erected. The exercises were concluded
last night with a ball at Butteville.
Among the pioneers who attended
yesterday's celebration were the fol
lowing: A. S. Cone, Aurora (1846);
George H. Hlmes, Portland (1853);
Frank F. Sealy, Wilson vile (1857);
Mrs. W. P. Short, Portland (1S52); C.
W. Noblitt, Oregon City (1852): S. A.
D. Meek. GIene (1857); W. E. Her
(1847); Mrs. W. S. Rllea, daughter of
R. V. Shorty pioneer of 3847. and one
of the five surviving members of the
Constitutional Convention; W. J. Hum
phrey, Portland (1854); T. J. Spooner,
Jennings Lodge (1858): Mrs. Ella A.
Spooner. Jennings Lodge (1854),
daughter of the late Bcrryman Jen
nings, who came to Oregon in 3844;
Mrs. Netta CaplessMatthieu, daughter-in-law
of F. X. Matthieu: U K. Bcrge
vin Portland (1849); Mrs. Bergevin,
Portland, daughter of F. X. Matthlcux;
John M. Crawford. Dayton (1854)- p
H. D'Arcy. Salem (1857); E. M. Croisan
Balem-(1852): David McCully. Portland
(1853); H. 1 Kelly, Oregon City
(15S); Mrs. H. L. Kelly, Oregon City
(1SS2): W. J. Clarke, Gervals.
Mr. Mahono's address was in part as
Mr. Mahone's Address.
Prior to the historical date of May 2. 1S4.1,
when tho Provisional Government was created,
ther had heen numerous meetings relative
to the attitude the people should take with
regerd to their government. The conditions'
were In some respects similar to thoso that
once obtained on the Atlantlo Coast, when
our fathers were fighting for Independence;
there were Tories that protested against the
. American regime, contending for a govern
. rnent to be ruled over by some foreign power.
t-a far as the Americans were concerned "in
those dayn there was no King In Israel and
every man did whatsoever was right in his
own eyes." This could not be Mid of the
British subjects. In all matters pertaining to
the police and trade regulations, the Hud
sons' Bay Company rxerciBed authority as
absolute and controlling as the Ciar of
Because of this dual situation the Ameri
can emigrants were from time to time de
feated In their desires to have Just and
equitable laws to govern them, and frequently
felt as if they were a people without a coun
try. Though severed from the land of their
birth, separated from their kith and kin. sur
rounded by restless and hostile tribes of In
dians, Insolently and cruelly preyed upon by
the natives, suffering all the privations and
hardships Incident to a pioneer's life, their
own country neglectful of their wants, that
spark of liberty and freedom planted in their
hearts and lives In earlier days. If at times
seemingly dormant, at last asserted Itself
ana maae or them a people to be revered
and admired through all succeeding years.
Began Move In 1840.
As early as 1840 petitions were addressed by
them to the Congress of the United States,
representing the fact that they were citizens
of the Oregon Territory, & part of the pub
lic domain, and that they should be assured
the support of the Government and the bles
sings of free Institutions. In the course of
events the first meeting was held on these
grounds, now sacred to the memory of those
heroes, on the 7th day of February. 1841.
for the purpose of "consulting upon the steps
necessary to be taken for the formation of
laws, and the election of officers to execute
them." The meeting was somewhat informal
but served as a nucleus around which would '
gather the momentum of a stronger and a
mere centralised public action.
We must not forget that at this time the
country was inhabited by the cittsens of the
United States and the subjects of Great
Britain; that the latter were Installed here
for commercial gain and would not retire
from the field by entreaties and requests:
that they were willing to resist to the very
last any attempt to take from them their
Laid Broad Foundation.
At the first meeting the pioneers planned
wisely. I.Ike those who came over in the
Mavflower and founded Harvard College, In
order that their sons might be molded into
men with wisdom sufficient to meet the
conditions of which they were a part, so,
the early pioneers of Old Oregon laid their
foundation broad and deep. In that they
provided for tho school and the church,
making them the very cornerstones of their
liberties. In the generations subsequent
these two Institutions have played their
part in our exalted civilization, giving to
our great commonwealth men and women
with high motives and ambitions commen
surate with the freedom that they possess.
So long as we adhere to first principles our
country is safe and Its perpetuity Is as
sured. Other meetings followed until the
memorable second day of May. lM.f,
when there came together friends
anil foes of free government and the
first provincial government of this North
west Empire became a fact and not a
theorv. one of the principal objects con
templated In the formation of this civil gov
ernment was to preserve the peace and pro
mote the prosperity and happiness of the
people, and to maintain tne friendly rela
tion which it was felt ought to exist be
tween the citizens of the United States and
the subjects of the British Queen.
Session Had No Quorum.
The last session of the legislature of the
provisional government was held on the
5th dav of February. 1S40. It was a spe
cial session, the regular session having ad
journed to such dale. Many of the members
being absent in California, drawn thither by
the gold excitement, a quorum was lacking
and no business could -be transacted.
I cannot refrain from speaking a word cr
Robert Newell, whom F. X. Matthieu con
siders was the ablest man among the or
ganizers of this early government. He was
statesmanlike In his conception of affairs,
generous and large-hearted In his dealings
with his compatriots and always known for
his generosity to his friends and neighbors.
When the wafers of the Willamette washed
away the homes of the people from the
ground upon which we stand at the present
time, the home of Newell was thrown open
and there all refugees ere cared for.
I shall not take your time to further
speak of the many heroes that have gone.
History has recorded many of thelr'achleve
ments. but still there is much to be told of
the Oregon country that Is an'lnsplration to
all who read it. If we are to reap the bene
fit of the pioneers' labors we must take up
tho work where they left off. for better
government, for the exemplification of those
principles planted In the beginning and the
Inculcation of Ideas and policies that will
redound to all future generations.
NECK BROKEN 35"
SENATOR GOES VXWITTIXGLY
WITH VEKTEBUA MISPLACED.,
Struck by Bullet In Civil War Battle
and Falls JKrom Horse Trou
ble Successfully Remedied.
WASHINGTON. D. C. May 2. (Spe
cial.) The fact that Senator Money, of
Mississippi, passed through life for 35
years with a dislocated neck and did
not know it, became known to some of
his associates today.
, At the first battle of Franklin, In
April, 1863, Mr. Money was a cavalry
man in the Confederate service. He
was struck by a bullet and fell from his
horse. Some time ago he went to New
York, accompanied by his son, and vis
ited a physician to be treated for neu
ralgia. Almost the first remark was:
"Why, Senator, you have had your neck
The physician declared that one of
the vertebrae had been entirely pushed
from the top of the column supporting
the head and was in a wrong- position.
He demonstrated that the muscles, on
O. A. CVS ORATOR AT PlLt
John Schroeder, '08.
COLLEGE, Corvajlis, May 1.
(Special.) John G. Schroeder,
'OS, Oregon Agricultural College,
is to represent ills institution in.
the Interstate oratorical contest '
at Pullman May 2. Mr. Schroe
der is editor of the O. A. C.
Barometer, and was editor of
last year's Junior Annual. He
has represented O. A. C. three '
times in oratorical contests.
He is an athlete, being the best
man fn the institution in the 100
and 220-yard dashes. Mr. Schroe
der is a Portland boy.
one side of the neck were flabby and
useless. The physician laid Mr. Money
on a table, took hold of the misplaced
vertebra with both hands and snapped
it into proper position. Then he told
Senator Money that he must exercise
precaution until the muscles regained
their normal strength. He was cau
tioned not to turn his head in looking
at anything, but to move the entire
body. These instructions were ob
served and the neck apparently be
came as strong as it was 35 years be
fore the operation.
Await Judge Webster's Return.
Petition for letters of .administration on
the estate of Mrs. Ann Manning, who died
in April, was presented In the County
Court, yesterday and will be held for
action pending the return of Judge
Webster from one of his frequent
journeys to tne interior of the state.
Henry Manning, the widower of Mrs.
Manning cites that he has been unable to
find any will. The estate is worth $16,000,
all personal property.
At Le Palais Royal if you want bargains
in ladies' suits. Every tailored Suit will
be on sale at prices you cannot resist,
Monday. 375 Washington street. '
Perfect fitting glasses II at Metzger's.
APPEAL TO COURTS
O.-R. & N. Co. Will Fight Dis
tributive Rate Order.
PLANS INJUNCTION SUIT
Corporation's Lawyers Assert Tbat
State Railroad Coniiffission Vio
lates the Regulations of
Strong efforts will be made by the Ore
gon Railroad & Navigation Company to
have the recent order of the Oregon
Railroad Commission lowering distribu
tive rates out of Portland set aside by
the courts. Suit will be filed within a
few weeks attacking the Commission's
order. The plan of the raiiroad attorneys
is to bring suit to restrain the Commis
sion from putrrflg the revised tariff
schedule into effect and "an injunction
will be asked.
W. W. Cotton, general counsel for the
O. R. & N., and H. F. Connor, of 'Mr.
Cotton's legal staff, are at work on the
case and the bill will be filed within a
short time. The order of the Commission
reducing the distributive rates betweeen
Portland and Eastern Oregon district
ing centers becomes effective 20 days
after April 23. It is likely' that the in
junction suit will be filed before, that
time. . ..
The Commission's order will be at
tacked on the ground that the reduction
of freight rates to Eastern Oregon points
from Portland is really an attempt to
regulate interstate commerce: It is held
that the relation of the rates from Port
land to the Interior is so close to the
transcontinental rate that any attempt
to change one .necessitates the equaliza
tion of the other.
"There are two reasons why we will
contest the rate orders of the Commis
sion,", said W. W. Cotton yesterday.
"The first is that the rates 'from the
East to Interior Oregon points are in the
main equal to a combination of the
transcontinental .rate to Portland plus
the local rate from Portland to destina
tion. "In the second place, the rates from
San Francisco to Eastern-' Oregon points
are mainly equal to a .combination of
steamship or rail rate to Portland plus
the local rate, to destination in -the In
terior. "The rates from San Francisco and the
East to Eastern Oregon points are In
terstate rates and have to be filed with
the Interstate Commerce Commission and
cannot be changed by the railroad com
pany except upon giving SO days' notice.
The Commission's order reduces the rates
from Portland to Eastern Oregon points.
Owing to the' manner in which the
rates are made from the East and San
Francisco, the order would- necessarily
produce one or the other of the two fol
lowing results, - either of which affects
and regulates interstate commerce:
'First, the order would compel the'
company to reduce Its rates from the
East and from San Francisco to East
ern Oregon points- to an amount equal
to the reduction In local rates from
Portland to the same points.
'Or, in the second place, all direct ship
ments from the East and San Francisco
to Eastern Oregon points would cease
unless the shipper was willing to pay a
higher rate for the direct shipment to
destination than he would be compelled
to pay if he shipped the goods to Port
land and rebilled them from Portland to
APPOINTMENTS ARE MADE
BISHOP HOGUE FILXiS FREE
Ridicules Compensation -of Pastors
More Money Spent for Pet
Dogs and Chewing Gum
The closing session of the annual Free
Methodist conference' at the First Church,
East Mill and Ninth streets, was made
interesting by the announcement of the
pulpit appointments for the coming year.
These were read as the last item of
business at 5:30 P. M. Bishop Hogue
delivered a lecture to the conference Just
before the appointments were read. He
urged that the pastors accept the appoint
ments in the right . spirit, and
especially that the churches through
out the conference receive their
new pastors in the - most cordial
manner. Bishop Hogue said the
average compensation of pastors in the
Free Methodist Church had been $250 per
annum, but had been raised to $290. He
declared that it ought to be much more:
that more money was spent on pet dogs
than was paid all the preachers in the
United States, and that if the preachers
received all the money that was paid
for chewing gum they would be far
He paid a high tribute to the heroism
of the minister's wives, on whose shoulders
fall such a large part of the burden of
the churches. The bishop then read the
following appointments for the conference
Portland district W. N. Coffee, presiding
elder: Portland and St. .Uhn. John Glen;
Central, W. J. Johnston; Houlton and Beth
any. J. F. Lewi; Grfham. Etacada and
Pleasant Valley, O. N. Blair; Pamascus and
Sunnyside, S. F. Pitts; Forest Grove. Hllls
boro and Dilly, E. W. Hlllis. W. Barrett,
J. W. Roman and T. H. Symms, super
numeraries. Salem district W. N. Coffee, elder: Ealem
and Aumsvlllr. J. A. Hopper, supply; Al
bany, Lizzie Walker; Lacomb. H. A. Walker;
Palls City. H. J. Blair and Mm. Minnie
Blair: Dayton and Newberg. S. G. Roper:
Woodburn and Hubbard, H. B. Krleder; Har
mony, to bo supplied; Beaver and Tillamook,
H. V. aslam. B. I.. Knoll, evangelist; J.
r. Cook. Cyrus Cook. E. L- Smith, super
numeraries. F. D. Helm, with appointment.
Eugene district EW'elter, presiding elder;
Eugene and Springfield, E. J. Harrington;
Parsons Creek, Marcola and "Wendllns. W.
W. Gatts; Koseburg. to be supplied; Myrtle
Creek and Conyonvllle, J. F. Smith; Drain
and Comstock, C S. Ram bo; Marshtteld, to be
supplied. E. D. Blackman, evangelist.
Grants Pass district N. Welter, presiding
elder; Grants Pass. Woodrith and Seldon, to
be supplied; Murphy and Missouri Flat and
Williams Creek. A. "W. Countryman: Ash
land and Tangent, L. R. Blackman; Phoenix
and Central Point, H. E. Krelder; Klamath
Falls, F. B. Creecy. J. H. Brown, conference
missionary. J. O. Hockett, supernumerary.
The Dalles district D. tV. Cook, presiding
elder: The Dalles and Hood River, to be sup
plied: White Pine and Bake Oven, to be
supplied; Opal Prairie, G. W. Bonurant.
The services for today will be as fol
lows:' Love feast at 9 A. M. ; preaching
and ordination of elders at 10:30 A. M.,
by Bishop Wilson Thomas Hogue; ordi
nation of deacons at 2:30 P. M.; sermon by
the bishop at S P. M.
Recover Body of Arthur Pseherer.
KELSO, Wash., May 2. (Special.),
The body of Arthur Pseherer, better
known as "Kelso," was recovered from
the waters of the Cowlitz River, near
This is the month when every
man and boy who has the human
instinct of desiring to look his
best, will find our store an inter
esting spot, because now we can
show the most attractive things
to wear ever displayed in ithis
city. Not only have the clothing .
designers made their patterns
more spicy, bnt our new facilities
have given us the chance to pick
out the best.
166-168 Third Street.
the mouth' of the" Cowecman. at noon J
tadav hv Louis Lindstrom and John !
Fieshman, deckhands on the steamer
Nestor. The body, which was badly
decomposed, was recognized by several
of the residents who were well ac
quainted with the deceased. "Kelso"
was last seen at midnight of April 11,
when he crossed the deck of the Kel
logg to board the steamer Chester, on
which boat he was employed. Since
that time no trace of th.e man was
found, although rivermen dragged. the
river for days. A reward of $100 had
been offered for the recovery of the
LINES IN FAN-AM ER1CAN
REPORT. OF COMMISSION" HAND
ED TO STATE DEPARTMENT.
Compiled by Charles M. Pepper and
Shows Abo'ut 3 600 Miles Yet Un
completed, C500 Done.
WASHINGTON. May 2. Ex-Senator
Henry G. Davis. as chairman, has
transmitted to the Statef Department
the report of the Pan-American Rail
way Commssion, written by Charles M.
Pepper, who has been in South Amer
ica for the past year investigating'
trade conditions for the Department of
Commerce and Jabor.
Mr. Pepper says that the railway
lines of the Argentine Republic have
reached to the ' borders of Bolivia, a
distance of 1200 miles from Buenos
Ayres. This will be continued to the
town of Tuplza, and met there by the
line built by the Speyer City Bank
Syndicate of New York. The first sec
tion of this line will be completed by
July. Out of 540 miles that constitute
the Bolivian link In the Pan-American,
177 remain to be completed, and these
are provided for. This means that
only 177 miles of a total of 1740 miles
are needed to fill the gap between
Buenos Ayres and Lake Titicaca.
In Chile, the cross-continental line
has a break of only four hours' stage
ride in a continuous rail journey from
the Atlantic to the Pacific. The spiral
tunnel to complete the junction of the
railway lines will probably be done In
18 months. Some progress has been
made in Peru and Ecuador, but very
little in Colombia. In Mexico, on the
Tehuantepeo Railway, the Guatemalan
border Is only a few miles distant. .
The trans-oceanic line in Guatemala
connecting; the Pacific with the Atlan
tic was opened in January. Costa Rica
Is also completing a trans-oceanic line,
as is Nicaragua. Summing up, Mr.
Pepper says the Pan-American line
from New York to Buenos Ayres is
6630 miles, and of this distance 2500
miles is of railway over which trains'
are running, while there is -an addi
tional 400 miles under actual construc
tor This leaves a little more than 3600
miles for the future.. Chairman Davis
comments on the beneficial effects of
the Pan-American project and its In
J. Wr. Bancroft, of tffewberg, is a guest
ax tne motel (Lenox.
Mrs. Leon M. Brown, of Burns, i
registered at the Portland.
J. C. Morcland. of Salem, Clerk of
the Oregon Supreme Court, is at the
Horace E. Thomas, a well-known news
paper man, and his bride are guests at
the Hotel. Lennox.
James T. Hayward. a prominent cap-
Better be on the, safe side. Ask your
doctor about Ayer's Hair Vigor. Then
do as he says. He knows what b best.
S NEW IMPROVED FORMULA J
Is your comb telling a story, the story of
falling hair? Not a pleasant story, is it? It
ends badly, The story we tell is pleasant
the story of Ayer's Hair Vigor. Promptly
'stops falling hair, destroys dandruff, keeps
the scalp healthy. Does not color the hair.
We hate no secrets I We publish '
the formulas of all our medicines.
J. C. AYER CO., Manufacturing Chemists, Lowell, Mass.
" Parinrl iV
Our stock" of Floor
scores of ' exclusive
patterns, js unusually
c o m p 1 e te: Rugs
and 0 r i e n t a 1 are
shown in every size
and color. We have
just received 2000
yards of the finest im
ported Linoleum, in
italist of Evansville, Ind:, and wife,
are at the Danmoore.
Miss Pearl Culbeftson has returned
to her home in Walla Walla, after sev
eral months' visit with her sister, Mrs.
J. A. McKee.
Mrs.. W. D. Lutters and son, of San
Francisco, are visiting Mrs. Lutter's sis
ter. Mrs. Myer Hirsch, at 329 Mill street.
Mrs. Luttcrs was formerly Miss Felice
N. B. Boehm. night clerk at the Port
land Hotel. -has resigned and he will
be succeeded by Don Sullivan, who form
erly held the position. Mr. Boehm is go
ing East to visit friends.
W. F. M-cGregor. of Astoria, is at the
Danmoore, accompanied by his wife.
Mr. McGregor was recently appointed
Collector of Customs at Astoria, suc
ceeding the fate C. W. Carnahan.
Robert Wilson, of Los Angeles, who
aided Benjamin Fay Mills' in his recent
extensive lecture tour in the Middle
West, will spend Sunday in Portland
and take this opportunity to address
the Fellowship Circle Sunday after
noon on "The Greater Fellowship."
Rev. Henry Victor Morgan, who has
made many friends in Portland during
his two months' lecturing and class
work, leaves Monday evening for San
Francisco. His closing lecture is at
the Empire Theater. Sunday evening,
where he speaks on the topic "How to
Make Life Worth Living."
PHOENIX. Ariz., May 2 "(Special.)
W. P. Richardson, of the firm of Beach
& Simons, a prominent attorney of Ari
zona, has disposed of his mining and
other Interests here and goes to Port
land to reside permanently.
CHICAGO. May 2. (Special.) A. L.
Hurst, of Portland, Is at the Great
Thosev contemplating- a trip to ttie
East should try the new Soo-Spokane
Route. l"p-to-date equipment, electric
lighted, fast time, excellent service.
Apply, at local office. 142 Third street,
for rates and full particulars.
TO FIFTH AND STARK
All our Furniture has
character. It stands
for simplicity, dig
nity and fine work
pieces to Old Hickory
Porch Furniture, is
to be .found in fine de
signs and at reason
FIFTH AND STARK
PORTLAND RAILWAY, LIGHT
Bulletin No 2
THE RUSH-HOUR PROBLEM.
We intend to discuss in this bulletin, first, the nature of the
.rush-hour problem; next, some of the greatest difficulties incidental
to this trying period of the day; and lastly, how we are meeting
Briefly stated, this rush-hour problem is that of handling the
traffic at the hours of heavy travel, between 6 and 9 o'clock in the
morning and between 5 and 7 o'clock in the evening.
Between these hours every man in the city who is earning his
living in this work-a-day life is on the move and anxious to reach
his destination promptly and conveniently.
Our most difficult problem is in the evening between 5 and 7
o'clock. Between these two hours everyone who has been brought
down town in the three morning hours, and many more who have
come down later in the day, start for home, and are in the typical
American hurry , to reach it.
An illustration will make it easier to understand the difficul
ties of furnishing transportation for a great crowd.
BASEBALL GAME AS ILLUSTRATION.
You have all been to a baseball game, where there were 5000
rooters. You know how we line the cars up outside the grounds
waiting for the end of the game. Forty cars, each carrying 100
people, are necessary to move this crowd, which means a line
of cars standing ten feet apart, almost half a mile in length.
When the crowd piles on the cars after the game, even with
this line of cars ready, it takes fifteen or twenty minutes to load
them all, and bring the last car up from nearly half a mile away.
If everyone waited for a seat the crowd wouldn't get home until
long after dark.
THE DAILY PROBLEM.
With this explanation we will take up our daily problem. The
office buildings, wholesale houses and shops around Washington,
Third and Morrison streets pour hordes of people into the streets at
5 o'clock, again at 5:30 and again at 6 o'clock.
It is not a question of handling 5000 people, but the number
is approximately 50,000. We are not allowed to line our cars up
as at a ball game, but must keep them moving. The streets are
filled with slow-moving wagons, some of whose drivers think that
they are punishing the company by delaying 50 or more people in
STOP AND THINK.
It takes 15 to 20 minutes to move 5000 people at the ball
grounds, where we can line up our cars. How much greater is the
problem when there are ten times that number to be moved, taking
into .consideration the difficulties mentioned above.
We ,wish to emphasize two difficulties encountered in
grappling with this problem:
First There are the delays to traffic caused by interruptions
of service across the bridges.
Second The attempts of passengers to get on board cars that
are already crowded, when by waiting a few seconds they can
board other cars which are not filled.
HOW THIS PROBLEM IS BEING MET.
We are always at work on these problems. We have increased
our equipment over 30 per cent, and during the rush hours our
carrying capacity is doubled.
This rush-hour problem is not local, every city has it. It is
more difficult here for the reasons given, but ask the people who
travel how our service compares with that of other cities at these
hours that is a fair test.
This bulletin "is to convince you that we are endeavoring to
give you good service, and to give you g. broader understanding of
our underlying difficulties, so that we will have your co-operation
If this sketch appeals to you, try not to kick if you don't get
A seat in i the evening or if someone casually walks over you.
Think it out, and realize some of our difficulties.
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