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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
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PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY" 12, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
VOL. XXVII. NO. 2.
mm ' " TV Y V Y X g - -
, ., . ! - ' ' ' ' ' . ' "' ' ' . - . -
GREAT ACTIVITY IN
COAST . DEFENSES
USING THE FLEET FOR SHIELD
While It Is in Pacific All Points
Are Protected. .
WORK IS ALL ON CREDIT
No Appropriations Made for Vast
Labors of Replenishing, Renew-
lng and Reconstructing That
Have Been Going On.
FI,EET KMB RIO JANEIRO.
RIO JANEIRO. Jan. 11 The Cap
tain of the German cruiser Bremen
received a wireless dispatch from ,
the American battleship fleet this
afternoon, announcing- that the fleet
Is nearlng Rio Janeiro. The dls
' patch did npt give the position of
the American -vessels.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11. (Special.)
New coast defense are being Installed
and old ones re-enforced at Pacirtc Coast
point, Guam, Hawaii and Manila. Tnis
work of fortification ts being carried for
ward swiftly and upon a c'gantic scale.
Coal depots are being replenished, huge
searchlights Installed, harbors mined, big
guns placed and ammunition magazines
tilled to overflowing.
So quietly has this work been going on
that few outside of the officials handling
the work have realized the enormous un
dertaking under way. This work was
started last May and it Is expected that a
year will see the completion ot tne out
' lined programme."'"''""''
It ts acknowledged that the fortifica
tions at Manila, Guam, Puget Sound and
Honolulu are inefficient and It is at those
polntg that the greatest work Is being
done. ' San Francisco and other Coast
points are declared to be perfectly
equipped to repel attacks.
Fleet Is Shield for Work.
While not acknowledging, any appre
hension, the Administration is rushing
the work with, real vigor. It was learned
from an authoritative source today that
one of the potent factors in determining
the dispatch of the fleet to the - aclflo
was a realization of the "weakness at cer
tain points.. The presence of the fleet in
the Pacific remedies all defects and struc
tural weakness in coast defense points.
As long as it remains there It will malts
up for any shortcoming in coast fortifica
By the time the fleet leaves the
waters of the Pacific it is believed all
the weak points will ' have been re
inforced and the defenses will be of a
modern and approved type. -
Twelve million rounds now enroute
to the Far East furnishes enough am
munition for a possible army of 50,
000 men. . The normal need- of the
Army in the Philippines is about 2,000,-
00 rounds annually. Aside from this
there is an exceptionally heavy draft
of shells and torpedoes.
The significant fact In connection
with this great work and the enormous
outlay of money. Is that there is no'
authorization for it as yet. The Gov
eminent is doing it practically on
credit. , Secretary Taft will recommend
an appropriation of $38,000,000 for the
Army. U Is believed this will be al
lowed. Of that sum over $7,000,000 Is to
be used for the Pacific Coast and Far
West. Another $4,000,000 will be used
for guns and ammunition, some of
which will probably drift to the Pacific
, CoHst-points. It is 'significant that this
huge amount should be utilized In one
year,' when up to the present time the
Army has had at its disposal for forti
T. Pms--"WsfTe Are All Thorn
KrlloM. Who Were So KrlesidlT
With Me the lint of the lenr
fications,' mines and torpedoes for in- j
,. . . 1 .. -nil. ) T1A AAA -
Taking the four weak points mentioned
Weaknesses Pointed Out.
Puget Sound is four miles broad and
the current is so deep and swift that
mines cannot be placed. Big searchlights
are needed to watch an enemy at night.
There are not enough big guns there to
make the harbor impregnable. There are
now. .en route for this point a full bat
tery of searchlights and a complete aux
iliary battery which will make the spot
invincible. A complete list of the guns
there or on the way -sill be printed later.
Honolulu has no fortifications. Eight
mortars have been provided for, but have
not yet been put in place.
Guam is unprotected.
Manila Bay is not mined, and while a
Joha L Wilson, ex-United
States Senator, Who la Se
riously 111 In Seattle. -
heavy shipment of guns, mines and tor
pedoes is on the way there, it has not yet
arrived, and It will probabjy be four
months before the defense there Is In
Subig Bay is fully protected by mines,
lights, torpedoes and navy guns. This is
the point that Admiral Dewey wishes to
make the base of supplies, and probably
its armament will .be greatly augmented.
San Francisco is heavily guarded by
mines, torpedoes, guns and lights.
Getting Large Coal Supply.
In addition to the armament and am
munition supply,' the " Government has
taken a long look ahead in the matter of
coal supply. With the fleet in the Pa
cine the United States can supply its
coal depots to the limit. ' ''
From the time the fleet arrives on the
Pacific, and after its departure from'
there, the War Office here believes ihe
United States will be ready to meet and
repel any hostile power that may attack
the Philippines or Coast points. The Gov
ernment has stored at Cavite 0,000 tons
At Puget Sound there are- 12,000
tons, at Mare Island 20,000 tons. There
are afloat for the 'fleet 133,000 tons.
This amount will probably provide for
the fleet on its' way to San Francisco
and probably two months more.
Only recently the Government made
the enormous shipment of 12,000,000
rounds of ammunition, for the Philip
pines, this being for use of Hie Army
in case It should have to be strength
ened to repel land attack either at
Subiz- Bay or Manila.
One of the experts said today that
the fleet went to the Coast as a per
fect and complete defense for coast
ports and insular possessions until
they" can get what has been ordered
to them on- their own merits as points
INSPECT COALING STATIONS
Admiral Manney Coming to Coast to
Prepare for Fleet. j
"WASHINGTON. Jan. : 11. Rear-Admiral
Henry M. Manney, who, though a
retired officer, has been retained on ac
tive duty in -the bureau of equipment
because of his peculiar knowledge, of
the naval coaling stations, left Wash
ington last night for the Pacific Coast.
He is' charged with an inspection of
the conditions and desires of the navy
yards on that co'ast with special ref
erence to the coming of the battleship
fleet. One of the purposes of his visit
will be to study the situation at San
Diego. Cal., where it is the. plan of
the Navy Department, if the assent of
Congress can be secured, to locate a
modern and extensive coaling station in
place' of the present insufficient coal
Pile- '. . ;
Fleet May Go to Puget Sound.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11. Admiral
Evans' fleet may make a trip to Puget
Sound after leaving San Francisco In
the early Summer, according to an
official statement made -at the Navy
Hpnhl!ra Party "Wonder If 1
Vonla iet Rid of This Im There-1 .
r A" - "!
; f vt J
f - i
' - . : '
,m - H-nrmT-r--.mmAw.iMrf
EXPECT TO BLOCK
Solid Three Oppose
Schuebel in Senate.
HAVE PROTESTS FROM BAR
Fulton Will Hold Out for Pos
DIFFERENCE WITH BOURNE
The Three Insist He Broke Agree
ment and Admitted Political Debt
to U'Ren, but He Berries
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Jan. 11. Christian Schuebel. of
Oregon City, will not be confirmed a
United States Attorney unless Senator
Bourne can show that Ills candidate Is in
every way competent to fill the office to
which he was nominated last Tuesday.
The indications are that Mr. Schuebel will
riot receive the indorsement of the Sen
ats. Senator Fulton, who arrived today, and
Representative Ellis, who arrived last
night, say they found sentiment in Ore
gon strongly favorable to the appoint
ment of George G. Bingham, but failed
to find any support of Mr. Schuebel. On
the contrary, they both heard many ob
jections to Mr. Schuebel on the part of
well-known Oregon lawyers as well as
other prominent citizens, based entirely
on his lack of experience in the law.
Fulton May Secure Rejection.
If these opinions correctly represent
public sentiment throughout, the state,
and if the Oregon bar generally disap
proves of the appointment of Mr. Schue
bel and it is shown that he Is not regard
ed as a proper man for. the office, his
nomination will -be' opposed ' on those
grounds,, and, if Mr. Fulton determines
to fight, backed by the Oregon bar and
public sentiment, he can.tiot only prevent
confirmation but carl probably have Mr.
Schuebel'e nomination rejected. He -will
have the hearty support of both Repre
sentatives Hawley and tdlte. There will
be positive action one way or the other.
The case willnot be permitted to drag,
as the Bristol case did. .
Mr. Fulton, Mr. Hawley and Mr.
Ellis have all received telegrams pro
testing against the appointment of Mr.
Sche'ubel and informing 'them " ihat
more elaborate protests - would be
mailed. Mr. Fulton will ask that no
action be taken on the Scheubel nomi
nation for this reason ,when the
judiciary . committee meets on Monday,
and postponement will mean that no
action can then be taken until the
Monday following. If by that time
full protests are received they will be
laid before the committee and Messrs.
Hawley and Ellis will be asked . to
appear and explain their objections to
Mr. Schuebel as well as their reasons
for ' supporting Mr. Bingham. Mr.
Bourne will have an opportunity to be
heard in Mr. Schuebel's defense.
' Say Bourne Broke Agreement.
It was stated in : these dispatches
some days ago that Mr. : Bourn j, in
recommending Mr. Schuebel broke his
contract with the rest of the delega
tion, in that he had been, a party -to
an agreement whereby the choice ot
the majority of the delegation for a
public office should in ail cases be
unanimously indorsed ; by the entire
delegation. Mr. Bourne subsequently
denled having made any .such agree
ment. Today Messrs. Fulton, Hawley
and Ellis were separately and In
dividually asked if Mr. Bourne had
been a party to such an agreement and
all three declared that ' he - had eub
scribed to that compact and that the
original statement of facts was cor
rect- Moreover, Mr. Hawley, - subs-e
quent to the delegation's meeting, pre
pared a typewritten statement of the
agreement as he understood It and It
was approved by Messrs. Fulton and
HARRY MURPHY CASTS HIS
A Sincere) Mourner
Ellis, as they both .admit, and by-Mr.
Bourne as well. According to . Mr.
Hawley's recollectlojl, although Mr.,
Bourne says he does . not remember
having read the statement before to
day, the last paragraph of that agree
"Tne delegation concerned, in making
any nomination, shall act . by its major
ity In any case where Unanimous agree
ment cannot--be' reached, provided that
no candidate personally objectionable will
Bourne's Recollection Differs.
In view of the fact that Mr. Bourne ad
mits that Mr. Bingham Is not personally
objectionable to him, the other members
of the delegation feel that the junior
Senat- did not act In good faith, first,
in recommending Mr. Schuebel, and, sec
ond, in so vigorously pressing him at a
time when Messrs. Fulton and Ellis were
absent from Washington. Mr. Bourne,
when -told that his recollection did not
coincide with the concurrent recollection
of his three colleagues, repeated that ha
Concluded on Page 7. X
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
TUe Weather -. -
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 4?
degrees; minimum, Sfl. .
TODAY'S Occasional rain; variable winds.
9 mostly southerly.
Britain alarmed for her naval supremacy
Section 4. Pace 1.
Flag of the Chesapeake offered for sale in
London. Section 4. Pare l.
Kaiser booms study of English In Ger
many. Section 4, Page 8.
Titled - American women battle for favor
of ' Duchess of ConnaughC Section . 3.
Sale of I-ondon Times, greatest British
newspaper. Section 'Z, page S.
Sixteen children eruthed to death In panic
In English theater.- Section 1, page 4.
Mulai Hafid proclaimed' Sultan pf Morocco
and declares holy war. Section I, Page
. - National. -
Government hastens to complete Paclflc
Coast defenses, and will leave sart of
the fleet here. Section l. Patce In
justice Harlan predicts war between whites
and yellows. Section 1. Page 2. . . .
New Japanese Ambassador talks peace.
. Section l. Page 2. .
House refuses to legalise boycotts and labor
conspiracies. Section 2, Page 8.
Conference on Pacific Coast militia artll-
ery. Section 1, page 4.,
Fulton will fight Schuebel's confirmation arid
Is confident of rejection. Section 1,
Page 1. ' . .
Government tells of great- output of lumber.
Section 3. Page 10. .
Taft m strength alarms his opponents and they
organize against him. r Section 1, page 1.
Taft .will not leave Cabinet' yet. Section 1,
Pie t .
Seven Ohio counties declare for Taft. Section
1, page 1. . . r .
California. Roosevelt men will fight machine
- In Taft's IntereM. Section 1, page 1.
Domestic. . ; -
War on gambling at Council Fluffs Iowa's
"Monte Carlo. tSection' 33 nge 9. "
Salt Lake calls' for return "of Portland pris
oner, accused of ruurder. Section 1,. page
New York fire shows inefficient flre and
water service. Section -. pace 3.
Snell received many love letters from mer
cenary' women. Section l,'page(3.
New York bank statement shows confluence
returned. . Section 1. page . -
Strange murder mystery in Kansas. Section
1. page 6.
District Attorney Langdon to. marry. Section
1, page 2.
Ruef refuse to talk, but wins prisoner's
hearts. Section 1. sage 2.
California promoter accused of swindling lead
ing men of whole Pacific Coast. Section
1. .page 7.
Final" curtain for Spokane variety theater.
Section 1. page 7.
Canadian government refuses Japanese right
to land from Hawaii. Section 1, page 4.
Jackson County Jury 'finds .Editor Putnam
guilty of libel after deliberating three
hours. Section 1, page 5.
Tacoma labor convention votes to place Seat
tle Exposition on "unfair" list. Section 1.
page 4. '
Commercial and Marine. .
Estimate of unsold wool stocks in United
States Section 4. page 9. ' .
Wheat prices show lose In Chicago at close.
Section 4. page 9.
New York banks now hold surplus over legal
requirements.. - Section 4, page 9.
Stocks advance sharply owing to 'good bank
return. Section 4, page 9.
TonJiage In the river Is being rapidly cleared
up and the exports for January will ex
ceed those of December. Section 4,
Portland and Vicinity. -Heney
arrives to take' up Hall case; will be
assisted by James - Cole. Section 1,
. page 8. , v . . . - -Mny
-conventions to be held In Portland
during remainder of January, section 1.
page 8. .
Prisoner refifses freedom, fearing violence
from his own fajnlly. Section 2. page 10.
Many aspirants for office, state, district and,
county, in field. Section 1. page 8.
Public Trades Schoof will be established In
Atkinson building. Section 3, page 10.
Greater activity reported In real estate
market. Section 2, page 2- '
Rone FfeStivaY Association needs more money.
Section 1, page 10.
Japanese side of exclusion agitation stated.
Section 1, page 10.
Voters will pass on many measures under
Initiative . and referendum. Section 1,
page 40. ' . ""
HOROSCOPE (BACKWARDS) AND SEES A FEW
Really We Don't Think This Poa
Blble. ... . ... .
He Runs Away From
NOMINATED ON FIRST BALLOT
Roosevelt's Claim Aroifses His
STANDPATTERS GET BUSY
Forecasts sjf Convention Give Taft
Two Short of Majority and Spur
Oie Tariff League to Start
SEVEN COUNTIES INDORSE TAFT.
COLL'MBCS, O., Jan. 11. Reports
received from various parts of the
state show that the Republican cen
tral committees of a dozen counties
at meetings -held today Issued calls
for Presidential primaries In con
formity with - the call of the state
The committees in seven counties,
L.ucas, Sandusky, Mahoning, Richland,
Paulding, Jackson-and Falrchild form
ally Indorsed, Secretary Taft for the
WASHINGTON, Janv 11. (Special.)
Politicians in all camps are consid
erably exercised- over- the report that
President B,oosevelt ' has stated to all
callers during the last 'few days that
In his opinion Secretary Taft will be
nominated for President by the Re
publican National Convention next
Summer on the first ballot. There
has been ' no of ficlal announcement, of
the character noted from the White
House. But It is not denied that the
President has indulged In expressions
to such effect to visitors, some of
whom are not pro-Taft in their sym
pathies, so far as the ' White. House
successorship is : concerned. "
Rivals Getting Spared. -
The fact of the matter is that the
President, and : likewise certain ar
dent friends of the Secretary of War
outside the White House circle, be
lieve that as affairs now stand Mr.
Taft's . chances of entering the Na
tional Convention with a full major
ity of the delegates in his favor are
of the best. This confidence, however,
has aroused the managers of the other
candidates, and vigorous efforts will
be made in the Immediate future to
influence the country to believe that
the Taft claims are greatly exagger
ated. There is a fear that Mr. Taft
may run away from the rest of the
procession, because of the impression
that his vehicle is the real bandwagon.
The field that Is opposing Mr. Taft
will do its best to suppress the spread
.of this Impression.
Sure of Two Short of Majority.
Some- tables were printed In the East
today purporting to show the figures
of the Taft managers on a conserva
tive basis with respect to the first
ballot In the convention.. There will
be 980 delegates In the Republican
Convention, -so that 491 votes' will be
required to nominate. The printed
tables give Mr. Taft 617. An authority-very
close to the President went
over this table today and scratched it
to some extent. When the scratching
was completed, the sure Taft strength,
according to the authority in question,
was placed at 489. a
. -. Standpatters to Stem Tide.
Information -received in Washington
today indicates that the real concen
tration of effort .against . the Taft
movement, may begin next week, with
the meeting of the American Protec
tive Tariff League In New York. The
meeting will be held on Thursday,
January 16. In the preliminary no
tices sent out it is stated that the
purpose of the meetlhg is to elect di
rectors to fill vacancies that are tft oc
Looks) to Is Aa If He MlBht Be
. Uncomfortable V:p There.
cur and to take up "certain importaif:
matters." : The "certain important
matters'- are very well ' understood to
be the rapid strides made by the Taft
boom . since- the Secretary of War re
turned . from his . trip around the
Why League Opposes Him.
It Is understood that a resolution
will be presented declaring in sub
stance that . the Protective Tariff
League is opposed to' the candidacy
of Mr. Taft for two reasons.
First He ou"ght not: to. be .nomi
nated; Second If nominated, he probably
could not be elected.
For a long time the highly protected
Interests, through their National or
ganization, have -been combating the
Taft movement The organization Is
U :k Of!
i x-. 1 .
Justice John 91. Harlan, f tTse
United States Supreme Court,
Who Predict War Betrreea -White
au'l Yellow Race.
now about to make Its fight more sys
tematic, if possible.
TAFT WILL STAT TS CABIXltT
Has Work to Finish and Will Give
Rumor No Chance.
NEW YORK, Jan. 1L (Special.) Secre
tary Taft has definitely decided not to
leave the Cabinet at this time, and will
remain at the bead of the War Depart
ment '.for- its weeks or twb months
longer, possibly until after the National
convention at Chicago. Many of tbe Sec
retary's friends had advised hi:n to leave
the Government service and devote all of
his time to the Presidential campaign
Some of these, notably friends who are
Influenced by the intense anti-Roosevelt
sentiment .prevailing-' In- downtown New
York, wanted" the Secretary ..to "get out
from under the wing of the-President.'
Others cared little about that, but thought
he could do better as a Presidential as
pirant without the darfger of breaking
down- by overwork,' if he were, to relieve
himself of the cares of the' great Gov
ernment department over which be pre
Judge Taft consulted with the President
and with all his friends, and within the
past 24 hours has 'decided' to' stay where
he is, and- for these reasons:
Reasons for 'Holding - On.
First President Roosevelt has asked
him to remain In the Cabinet until he can
finish- up a number of very Important
matters he now has in hand in. the War
Department. To resign now would em
barrass the President and work harm to
the public business, and the Secretary re
garde it as his duty to stay where he is,
no matter at how much inconvenience to
Second If he were to resign', now his
enemies would at once start, the story
that , there were differences , between the
President and himself. Absurd' as such
talcs would be, they - would surely tind
believers in some parts of the country.
Men who look to Mr.' Taft to carry out
the -President's policies would- be filled
with fear lest he. might not do so, though.
if there is anything "fo which ; the Sec
tary stands committed,' it Is that.
Six weeks or two months hence, after
the political situation' has developed a
little further and . the secretary has
cleared up the Important business In
the .War' Department, which he wishes
to dispose of, - It Is probable that he
will retire from the Government .with
the consent of the President. -..'.
Will Win on First Ballot.
Mr. Taft's success at his . Cooper
Union meeting last : night a , success
which even the unfriendly New York
newspapers . have been compelled to
recognize together .with the growing
(Concluded on Pase 6.)
They Want ' to 'Know, Yon Know.
WILL DO BATTLE
Roosevelt League Di
WORKS FOR REFORM AND TAFT-
New Organization Springs a
Surprise on Herrin.
SEEKS CONTROL OF STATE
Decides to Place Candidates In Field
at Republican Primaries Her
ri n's Ticket Headed by Knight, -Who
SAN - FRANCISCO. Jan. 11. (Spa
cial.) The Republican party in the
state of California was split squarely
In half today ' when the ' Lincoln
Roosevelt League at Its session In this
city decided to place candidates In the
field at the primary election for the
National convention. The machine had
already planned Its campaign and it
was. thought that it would have the
field to Itself, but the Lincoln-Roosevelt
League entered the fight and has
made a reality of the threatened split.
The League is committed to reform
and to the continuance of the policies
of President Roosevelt. Its candidate
for President is William H. Taft. The
machine is the old party dominated by
the Southern Paclflc. Under a pre
tense of supporting Mr. Roosevelt It
planned to send delegates to the Na
tional convention controlled Vty B. H. -j
Harriman to work for the elimination-'
of the President and the destruction
of his policies. N
Pnf Rival Ticket in Field,
The work of perfecting Lincoln-Roosevelt
Republican Clubs in every Assembly
district In San Francisco -will be pushed
with the utmost vigor, and. when the
executive committee meets again, in two
weeks, the Herrin machine will be con
fronted by the Republicans of San Fran-
Cisco, pledged to free government.
Byron Mauzy was elected today first
vice-president' of the Lincoln-Roosevelt
League of Republican Clubs, vice Daniel '
A. Ryan, resigned. Mr. Ryan .was a can
didate for Mayor "at the last San Fran
cisco election against the wishes of the
league. Marshal Hale, one ot the best
known Republicans in California, became
a member of the central body as execu
tive committeeman from the Fifth Con
gressional District. Executive Committee
men R L. Hathorn and F. H. Dam, from
the Fourth and Fifth. Congressional Dis
tricts, respectively', who were Ryan 'sup- '
porters, have resigned from the governing
body of the league. Nominations for'
state central committeemen from each ""
assembly district In San Francisco and
for 20 central committeemen at large will
be made by Mr- Hale and the local four
members of the executive committee when
the governing body meets in San Fran
cisco on January 23. - .
' Surprise to Machine Men.
A machine ticket had already been se
lected to go to the National Convention, o
and the coup of the Lincoln-Roosevelt
League came as a big. surprise. The ma
chine planned to send a solid railroad
delegation under the leadership of George
-Knight and General George Stone. Mr.
Knight seconded the nomination of Mr.
Roosevelt at the last convention, but
during the last year, while outwardly
championing the Government cause. h
has opposed and fought every effort for
reform In San Francisco, going to the
length of denouncing the graft prosecu
tion from a public platform. Mr. Knight
is the attorney for the Pacific Mail Com
pany, a Harriman corporation.
Vesuvius Still Spits Ashes.
NAPLES, Jan. 11. Mount Vesuvlui
continues to throw out ashes and incan
descent matter from its chief crater, thi
cone of which; formed by the last erup
tion, collapsed recently, the earth trem
blings being felt for long distances.
Both Baek I'pi I've Got the