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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
VOL. XXV-NO. 30.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY. MORNING, JULY 29, 1906.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
.WILL UNION MEN
FOLLOWI CHIEF ?
Success of Gompers'
Campaign in Doubt.
AIMED AGAINST REPUBLICANS
Their Committeemen Head
Labor " Blacklist.
MAY BEAT SOME MEMBERS
Only Small Percentage of Federation
Members Will Sacrifice Inde
pendence to leaders Roose
velt Discounts Movement.
ORBQONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash,
lngton. July 28. If the American Federa
tion of Labor could absolutely control
the votes of Its 8.000.800 or more members.
It could unquestionably swing the Con
gressional election this year, and under
existing conditions could and would elect
a Democratic House of Representatives.
If each member of the Federation should
act on the suggestion of President Gom
pers, enough Republicans would be de
feated to change the political complexion
of the lower branch of Congress. But
the National organization cannot control
this vast army of voters; there are thou
sands upon thousands who reserve the
right to decide for themselves at the
polls, and there will be many labor bolt
ers In districts whore the Federation has
marked certain candidates for the slaugh
ter. Because of this fact, the result of
the labor URheaval Is somewhat In doubt;
It Is no sure thing that President Gom
pers and his followers can change the
majority In the House, though It Is by no
means beyond the realm of possibility
that ouch a change will occur.
Fight Is Against Republicans.
. While the Federation declares it is not
making a party- flghtr and Is not assail
ing candidates because they are Repub
licans or because they are Democrats, it
I- a fact, Just the same, that the over
whelming majority of men to be black
listed are ' Republicans and members of
the present 'House of Representatives.
President Gompers is angry because Con
gress failed to pass the eight-hoUr bill
;nul the anti-injunction bill. He naturally
1 'jlds the Republicans responsible, since
i lley' are In control both of the commit-
t- es and of the House. The labor black-
1 i will be headed by those members of
. :'e Jutliclary and labor committees who
i 'used to vote to report these two meas-
and will be followed up by the
rimes of other men known to be opposed
t I hem, this list, in turn, to be supple-
enled by the names of those candidates
ni.o refuse to come out flat-footed, de-
In ring their Intention to support such
I gisintlon as union labor demands.
In districts where union labor is
ftrong it Is quite likely that Congress
men . will be defeated, provided they
have in the past openly opposed the
eight-hour bill or the anti-injunction
bill, and perhaps some will be de
feated who are known to be unfriend
ly to these measures, though they
have never voted upon them. . But
there Is serious doubt whecher any
candidates will be defeated merely be
cause they refuse to state their posi
tion on these two pieces of legislation.
A man's refusal to declare himself can
not fairly be construed as an evidence
of his opposition to a given measure,
particularly when the demand for his
position comes In the form of a threat,
as does this demand from President
Gompers. It Is Just there that Gom
pers overreached, and may Injure the
cause he seeks to promote.
Only Few Follow Leaders.
It has been stated that while there
re upwards of 2,000.000 members of
the American Federation of Labor, not
more than 15 per cent of the member
ship take an active Interest in the
work of the organisation and attend
the meetings. This 15 per cent will
be readily swayed by the appeal of
President Gompers, and some of ' the
remaining 85 per cent will follow the
suggestions of the president of the or
ganisation. Quite a number, however,
will' not follow his suggestions, but
will sat independently and vote ac
cording to their best Judgment. In
many of the districts where elections
will be held this Fall more important
Issues are at stake than the eight
hour bill and the antl-lnjunctlon bill,
and the vote in those districts will be
determined on the leading Issues.
As a matter of fact. President Roose
velt's recent order requiring an observ
ance of the present eight-hour law on all
Government works goes a long ways to
ward meeting one of the demands of the
Federation of Labor, and should operate
to the benefit of the Republican candi
dates this Fall. The old eight-hour law,
whose rigid enforcement is now insured,
applies only to work being done by the
Government, as work in navy-yards, at
Army posts, on Government irrigation
projects, etc. On all these works eight
hours will constitute a day's labor, ex
cept where an extraordinary emergency
Is officially declared to exist which Is
Vide Reach of Eight-Hour Law.
But the eight-hour law that the Fed
eration demands is much broader in its
cope. It requires that all supplies, build
ing materials, and In fact, everythlns nnr.
chased by the Government shall be con
structed or prepared' by eight-hour labor.
This is a very different proposition. Such
a law would be rar-reaenms;
go into practically every industry in the
land; it would necessitate the utmost In
vestigation on the part of the Govern
ment purchasing agents, and would ulti
mately bring about an increase oi si
least 25 per cent on all Government sup
plies. Such a law as the Federation asks
for would mean: that no stone for public
bulldiners could be purchased except from
quarries that observed the eight-hour rule;
no stationery could be purchased from
mills working their employes more than
eight hours a day; no ink, no office fur
niture; no carpets, except from eight
hour concerns. The Government would be
required to buy coal from ' companies
whose employes worked but eight hours,
and these companies would have to guar
antee that the coal came from mines
which observed the eight-hour rule. And
so it would go into the countless ramifi
cations of the business world.
.Under the Constitution, Congress can
not pass an eight-hour law that would
require employers of tabor everywhere to
make eight hours a working day; the bill
favored by the Federation goes as far as
Congress can go in that direction. . but
there ' are very substantial men in both
houses of Congress who question the wlsT
dom of such legislation, and these men
have been singled out for defeat, the
Federation planning to fill their' places
with men who will vote for an enlarged
eight-hour law. '
Notwithstanding the fact that President
Roosevelt has time and again befriended
honest labor, the American Federation
is bent on sweeping the Republican party
out of power and putting in Congress men
who will pledge themselves, first of all, to
the cause of union labor as espoused by
Gompers. . The Federation is going to
scare many members of Congress; It has
already scared quite a number, and will
work havoc among those men who repre
sent cities or parts of cities that have
large manufacturing plants within their
borders. In the rural districts, however.
Congressmen will be safe from the at
tacks of the Federation, for, from all re
ports, the farmers, who . labor from sun
to sun. have little sympathy with the
eight-hour cry of the Federation.
This labor agitation will lend consid
erable Interest to the campaigns this Fall;
it will add interest to the plans being
laid by Mr. Hearst to form a new Labor
party, and the outcome will be watched
with Interest by leaders on both sides, as
well as by the men who are singled out by
Gompers for defeat. If the Federation ,1s
strong enough, It will make labor the
leading Issue in the big city districts; it
will not be able to raise this issue else
where, however. . ,
TWO KILLED BY STORMS
One Driver Struck by Lightning and
j Another Is Run Over.
CLEVELAND, July 28. During a se
vere rain and electrical storm, which
swept over .this city this afternoon, -two
people were killed. While the funeral of
Mrs. J. Crump was in progress, and Just
as the minister ,was offering the final
prayer, a bolt of lightning struck John
Cycllski, a driver, killing him. In an
other part of the city, Frank Munn, also
a driver, was killed by his team, which
was frightened by the storm, and ran
over. him. 1
Death in Chicago Storm.
CHICAGO, July 28. (Special.) A severe
rain and electric storm that passed over
Chicago this afternoon did considerable
damage and caused the loss of the life
of one person, who was struck by light
ning. A. Zeidel, 36 years old, married,
was walking to his home In Kensington
when he was struck by the bolt and in
' The rain flooded a number of basements
In the down-town districts, and it re
quired the services of -fire engines to
pump the water out. Business was prac
tically suspended in a number of base
ment saloons and eating-houses.
Damaged by Electric Storm.
JIANESVILLE, Wis., July 28. Fifty
thousand dollars' damage was done today
by an electric storm which swept over
the country near Janesville. Churches,
warehouses, factories and large barns
were damaged or destroyed.
I tain and Hail Damage Crops.
ST. PAUL, July 28. Severe crop damage
Is reported from several points in Minne
sota, North Dakota and Iowa, resulting
from hail, rain and wind storms last night
and this morning.
Ks.LkwriiSS -nr. ''' s'' ,..L-r-rit, , ' , , Ll-i , .. n ..:v!.v.,...(.
HELD FOR CRIME
Abel Stone Accused, ot
Raising $1Bill. i
ANOTHER NOW ADMITS GUILT
"Jean,De Larmo". Confesses
in Letter to The Oregonian. ;
GIVES DETAILS OF ACT
While - Asserting , Innocence, Stone
Was Ready, Because of Bad Rec-.'
ord, to . Plead , Guilty and
Take Light Sentence.
Axel Stone. 25 years 'old, was ar
rested June 26 on a charge of raising a
$1 bill. The arrest was made -by a Po
liceman: The policeman . arrested ' him
because he! was. an extconyict, a hard
citizen in. the eyes of the police, and be
cause. he-fitted, to-a certain degree, the
description of the man' who committed
the crime. j ;
Toung Stone said he was not guilty.
The police laughed and called Samuel
B. Sandefer, "keeper of a rooming-house
at 121 Grand avenue. I Sandefer was the
victim. He -had given $20 in cash a few
nights before for a worthless bill.
Sandefer looked at the suspect careful
ly. . Upon his word the prisoner's free
dom or .liberty hung. , , , L
"That is the man," he 'said in posi
. .'.'Are you sure?" the police asled. ;
T am positive; I could not be mis
taken," said Sandefer. ." ,
"The gentleman -is mistaken; I am
not guilty,"- declared young Stone.
The police laughed again and turned
him over to the Federal ' authorities.
He was arraigned before A United
States Commissioner 'and held to the
Federal grand Jury under a $500 bond.
Decides to Plead Guilty.
Two weeks-later Stone, decided that
the thing of maintaining his Innocence
-was an uphill business He decided that
it would -be . better to be serving out
his sentence than to- waste- time wait
ing fer a triali He sent for a represen
READING FROM 1FT TO RIGHT:
P. P. SMID, BOW; WILL.
mm - test tmL
- SS W W ' - J$mA
- 1 T - :j ss. .-- C . -
.ffS""' - ' , --,-
tative -i of the Government. . Special
Agent' Foster responded.' -
' "I 1 am' -willing to plead guilty and
begin my term in jail," said Stone. ' - ' .
"Then you confess your . guilt," sug
gested Mr. Foster. , t . .
t"No, I am innocent, but if I can get
off 'with a year's sentence I'd rather
plead guilty 'and save time. I ' might
as well , be ,servlng tlme'as! waiting
trial. Besides my past record is against
me." .... - , . .
' "If you are Innocent do . not plead
guilty. We do not wish to send inno
cent men to the penitentiary," said
Mr. Foster..' . ," ... -
Furthermore the special agent . took
faith' in the prisoner's story and ..set
about making a-rigid investigation of
the facts. In a report to headquarters
at Washington he stated his dissatis-'
faction with the evidence against Stone.
'Another Confesses Crime.
Testerday it developed that Stone Is
Innocent of the charge. At least a con
fession was received by The Oregonian
from another source. -The Federal au
thorities have examined the confession,
which was received through the mall.
and are satisfied it is genuine. Not only
does ths general makeup of the letter
indicates -as much, but there are other
circumstances tending to substantiate
Its authenticity. .'
-The letter Is from a person signing
himself John De Larmo. In the letter he
admits he committed the crime and
says be Is writing to clear an innocent
man arrested for the crime. Te letter is
mis-dated . July 30 and is postmarked
at Butte,. July 26. The letter reads, as
follows: . , . .
;' ; . .De: Larmo's Letter. . :
Butte. Mont., July 30. 1906. Editor of
The Oregonian Dear Sir: In order that
the innocent may not suffer, this letter is
written to you. and that its purpose may
be accomplished, should be published.
Some weeks ago a raised bill was passed
on one Sandefer, a lodging-house keeper
on Grand ' street, Portland. A man was
arrested and identified by Sandefer as the
culprit. : :'. ' . -
.The. writer Is the person who passed the
bil, and in support of that statement will
state the circumstances in eyery detail,
so there can be no doubt.
Enterine the lodging-house in question'.
I' rang the night bell, and the man-Sandefer
coming to a door near at hand. I
inquired if he had any rooms. His an
swer was "Yes." and he secured a key,
which he 'handed me. saying the room
wok thA first in the left at the too of the
stairs, as near as I remember. Sandefer
had already retlrea, lor ne appeared in
his night robes.
In pavment for the room I tendered a
bill, raised from one to twenty by means
of slips on both sides of which were the
ngures AT nearly similar in npiciiriuu.-,
four Hlins beinz reauired. The laree one-
dollar mark on the center of the bill was
covered with court plaster, some two or
three layers being used. Being more or
less transparent, they were darkened Dy
the means of an indelible pencil. -
Sandefer asked his wife if she had any
change, and she, inquiring what the de
nomination of the bill was, asked in an
irritable way If I had nothing smaller.
Sandefer stating that he had some money,
the amount was made up and I departed,
going downstairs instead of to the room,
leaving the key on a small hall table.
The whole transaction was carried on by
1 Sandeter through a half-open rt'or.
- r liiaiiv, x wism iu t-u.y iimi. w iicii 11113
letter reaches Portland the writer will be
far away from here and safe from pursuit.--
Too. ;I wish to confess that this
confession should have been made long
ago. but the dtsire to be but of reach has
caused the delay. However, I owe 'the in
nocent man my sincerest apology, which
I trust you will convey to him. Inside of
six months I shall be able to pay back
(Concluded on Page 3-
FOURS WIN AN EASY VICTORY AT NELSON, B. C
KING, STROKE: ZIMMERMAN. NO. S; DAN
S: SMH. BOW.
PEMBERTON, O. 2; FRED MXHERMAN, 0. 3; WILL KIMi, STROKE.
HILL FIGHT IT OUT
Whichever Loses Is
; Likely to Bolt. ; ;
. : J
TWO REPUBLICAN TICKETS
Standpatters and , Progres
sives'Line Up for Battle.
AIM TO SEIZE CONVENTION
Action of State Committee, on Con
; tests Will Cause -Either Cum-
; . mlns ,' or , Perkins .Men to .
. 1 'Revolt From. Decision.
DES MOINES, Iowa,' July 28. (Spe
cial.) Every .political indicator in Des
Moines tonight points to one result of
the 'struggle now In progress in the
Republican party of Iowa. . The result
. The attempt of the progressives to
take control , of . the state convention
as soon as It convenes,, meets with
violent resistance by the stand-patters;
two conventions held simultaneously
In the same hall; the nomination of
two tickets, 'one straight stand-patters
and one straight progressive.
' Promise of Fireworks.
( The progressive managers . have
openly -announced ' chat they will as
sume charge of 'the convention as soon
as it meets. The stand-patters openly
declare they will not permit them to
do any such thing. The stand-patters
say the contests and protests against
the Cummins delegates will be pushed
to the. limit and enough delegates will
be unseated - to give Perkins - and his
friends control. The .progressive man
agem say they will not permit their
delegates to'be thrown out..' Manifest
ly. lfboth sides persist In this atti
tude, there will be fireworks.
The state committee meets Monday
morning, but no member will make a
prediction - today as .to its probable
action. That the stand-patters' man
agers' will present their contests .and
protests to the committee And ask that
a temporary roll of the convention be
(Concluded on Page 2.)
MURPHY, COACH; PEMBERTON, NO.
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
r The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature Pi
ds-: minimum. 63. Precipitation, trace.
TODAY'S Fait and slightly cooler. Weat-
Probable effect of Labor Federation's cam
paign. Fare 1. .
Standpatters and Progressive will prob-
aDiy spat Iowa convention. Page 1.
J. G. Phelps Stokes lectured by Independence
league in accepting resignation. Page I.
President of Mlneworkers boomed for Bry
an a running mate. Page 3.
Chicago women are divided In -opinion on
the subject of wearing socks. Page 2.
Early fall of Zlon City Is predicted by resl-
aents of Dowie colony. Page Z.
Wakefield, Mass.. merchant and patrolman
snot by daylight robbers. Page 3.
John D- Rockefeller arrives In New York;
-no attempt made to serve legal papers on
.him. Page 3.
Confederate soldier returns to his wife after
. absence of 42 years. Page 3.
Gaerwar of Baroda says American society le
somewhat crude. Page 14..
Ex-President Garcia of Ecuador denounced
for having tried to sell Galapagos Islands.
Secretary of State Root visits Rio de Janeiro.
Members of the Irish Club In Ixmdon give
hearty cheers for W. J. Bryan. Page 2.
Clever woman swindler steals fortune In dia
monds from Madrid jeweler. Page 13.
Polish rebels rob trains and kill two Gen
erals and several soldiers. Page 3.
Maxim Gorky makes public appeal to' peo
ple of America. Page 2.
Telegraph wires are cut between St. Peters-
- burg ana the provinces. Page 3.
, Sport. f
Portland seniors make a clean sweep In re
gatta at Nelson. B. C. Page 1. -
Thirteen autos finish run for Glldden trophy.
Graney tries to arrange Gans-Nelson match.
Oscar Jones curves cannot be solved and
Seattle beats Portland 5 to 0. Page 17.
Tennis tournament ends with brilliant
matches. Page 16.
A. J. Hembree's two young sons prove good
witnesses for defense In murder trial at
Tillamook.- Page 4.
Loaded trolley-car hit by fast train at cross
ing near Los Angeles. Page 13.
Street-car collision In Los Angeles results In
one dead and seven Injured. Page 13.
Standing of Borah and anti-Borah forces In
Idaho. Page S. .
Oregon Tax Commission recommends re
vision of assessment law.. Page 7.
Clark County bride starts fire with coal oil
and is burned to death. Fare o.
Commercial and Marine.
Why coffee Is higher. Page 35. .
Eastern Washington farmers form Valley
pool. Page 35.
Chicago wheat market weak and lower.
Page 35. -Bull
campaign on in stocks. Page 35.
New York bank statement disappointing.
Secretary Me are leaves on mission to Ha
waiian Islands. Page 17. '
Portland and Vicinity.
Four dwellings and a' shed destroyed by
three late fires on the East Side. Page 24
Axer Stone, lield in prison In Portland on
oharse of raising SI bill, declared inno
cent by Jean DeLarmo In letter to The
Oregonian. 1'age l. - '
Forest fires raging In many parts of Oregon.
Page 14. -
Obligations of late "Honest John" Myers dis
charged by payment in full of claims of
- depositors in his. East Side bank. - page 24.
Oregon Prisoners' Aid Society holds' annual
meeting. Page 14. . -
Convicted land-fraud defendants sentenced.
Page 24. . . .
Government produces strong evidence' against
Defendant Hendricks in land-fraud case.
Horace G. McKinley's - bond declared - for
feited inl United States District Court.
Page 24. , .
Dr. David T.. Day, of United States Geolog
ical Survey, predicts that Iron from black
sands will irmke Portland a second Pitts
burg. Page S. Portland
physicians skeptical of efficacy of.
new cancer cure. Page 10.
Joaquin Miller repeats his first poem.
Hops reach 13-cent mark. Page 10.
Real estate market ehows activity in trans
fers of residences and sites for homes.
Page 33. '
Charles Bock, business agent of Sailors'
Union, sentenced to six years In peniten
tiary. Page 8.
Feature and Departments.
Editorial. Page 6.
Church announcements. Page 18. '
Classified advertisements. Pages 18-23.
Judge Williams on Colonel E.v p. Baker.
One year's work of Juvenile Court. Page 38.
Mount Baker an active volcano. Page 39.
Elizabeth's letter. Page 41. t
Russell Sage, a character sketch. Page 30.
Temptations that beset models. Page 40.
Millions in country estates. Page 48.
The Island of Java. Page 46. .
Book reviews. Page 34.
Social. Pages 26-27.
Summer resort news. Page 32.
Dramatic. Pages 28-29.
Household and fashions. Pages 42-43.
Youth's department. Page 47.
Four-Oars Finish Six
Lengths to the Good.
SUPERIOR TRAINING TELLS
Crew Swings as One Man,
With Perfect Blade Work.
GLOSS DEFEATS SAWYERS
In the Final Event, the Senior Dou
bles, Gloss and Smld Have o
Trouble in ' Winning
FIT, FOR FAST COM P ANY.
Encouraged by th victory over one
of the best crews on the Pacific Coast,
the directors ot the Portland Rowln
Club decided last evening to enter the
senior four In International regatta
which will be held on Lake Qulnslxa
mond, Mass., August 11. In this the
local crew will meet some of the best
oarsmen of the present day.
Confidence Is felt that the Portland
men will make a good showing against
the fastest rowers afloat. The crew In
practice has surpassed the world's
record of 8:15 2-5 over lfc-mlle course.
Dan Murphy, the trainer. Is credited
with saying that the Portland Club
has a better crew than the one which
now holds the official record.
BY S. M. LUDBRS.
NELSON, B. C, July 28. (Special.) .
All Nelson turned out to see the final
events, of the loth annual regatta of
the North Pacific Amateur Association
of Oarsmen. The course, which Is an
Ideal one, was absolutely smooth, there
being a dead calm. The scene was one
of animation, canoes and all. kinds of
small craft' dotting tile clear waters
of Kootenay Lake.
; When the Portland boys, clad In
white shirts and trunks trimmed with
blue, launched their shell, for the se
nior race they were greeted with cheer
after cheer, and perhaps no finer spec
imens of athletic young men ever sat
in a racing shell. .
The first event of the day was the
senior single, in which were Gloss, of
Portland, and Sawyers, of Vancouver,
winners of yesterday's Junior race. The
race was evenly contested for the. first
mile, but Gloss finally drew away and
won handily. -
Portland First in the Water.
The great race of the regatta the
senior fours was the next event on
the programme. At the call of the um
pire Portland launched their shell first
and rowed leisurely to the starting
point, being quickly followed by the
James Bay crew, of Victoria. The boats
were quickly lined up for the start and
at the crack of the starter's gun, Vic
toria took the water first.
At the quarter mile Victoria was
leading by half a length, but the Port
land crew was settling down to a
long, even stroke and their superior
oarsmanship was beginning . to show
Itself. Slowly, but surely, they gained
on their rivals and at the half mile post
both crews were rowing neck and neck,
Portland pulling an even 36 stroke to
Victoria's 34 to the minute. Excitement
was intense as the Portland boys began
to push the nose of their shell to the
Training Tells at Three-Quarters.
As the three-quarters was reached
the gap began to widen and it was
then that the training of the crew be
gan to tell. No finer rowing has ever
been witnessed on any Western course
than was rowed by the Portland boys,
the crew swinging like one man, their
blade work perfect; they drew away
from the Victoria crew and won easily
by six lengths, the Victoria crew not
The Portland contingent went wild
and, as the crew landed, were roundly
cheered. The crew is P. Smld, bow; J.
R. Pemberton, 3; F. Zimmerman, 2; W.
A. King, stroke.
The last event the senior doubles
in which were Gloss and Smid, of Port
land, and the Vancouver Juniors, was
easily won by Portland by three
It was grand rowing worth going
miles to see and was voted by all to
be one of the most successful regattas
the association ever held. Portland won
every event excepting the- Junior sin
gle sculls and will carry home a num
ber of valuable cups and medals. '
VICTORS WILL GO BACK EAST
International Regatta to Be Held at
Worcester, Mass. .
Immediately upon receipt of the news of
the easy victory of the senior fours, the
board of directors of the Portland Row
ing Club met and unanimously decided
to enter this crew in the international
regatta which will be held on Lake Quin
sigamond, Worcester, Mass., August 11.
At this regatta will be entered the best
club crews of the country, and a crew
from Portland will be the best of ad
vertisements for the West and the Rose
City. It Is for this reason that the Port
land Rowing Club expects that busine1
(Conclude, on Pag 3.1
. i :J v. i .