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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
juua, Aug. 2S. (Special Corre
respondence of The Oregonian.)
The record ot American ondeavor In
tho Philippines is a varied tory, sad
dened by instances of wretched' failure
end illumined by examples' of splendid
success. "When the confident Yankee
locked horns with the obdurate East the
rest o tho world looked op with, a smlle-r-the
smile ol skepticism that tho experi
enced always bestow upon the uninitiated.
Men have grown old In the attompt to
quicken tho sluggish blood of Asia. That
the white man could not hustle the dead
ened, mystery-steeped East had long been
an accepted conclusion by those who
knew It from closo association. And so
tho coming of the American, with his
abundant assuranco, caused the scoffers
to nudge each other while they waited
for his measure to be taken. The result
Jias been an all-around surprise. The op
ilmlstlc Yankee Is opening his eyes to tht
enormity of his task; the drowsy East
etirs sullenly in Its stupor; and the critics
Increase their invective as the newcomer
shows the stuff that's in him.
The Best of the Breed.
Kipling struck the true note when he
eaici the bearing of the white man's bur
den would call 'for the best ot the breed.
The Orient 4s no place for the weakling.
The sloth and stealth and enervation of
this slow-going "laad of manana"- will
take the heart and blood out of those who
are not Spartan born.. The white man or
woman who would ward oft deterioration
must be strong physically and morally.
Tho hostile clime eats Into the vitality
of the feeble or indiscreet, and there Is a
slinking something" that gets in the blood
of the unwary and makes him spend moro
money than ho earns, causes him to be
careless of. his associates and renders him
Indifferent to the. good resolves of his
youth, all of which are signs that make
the devil glad.
While the domination of the Philippines
Is now recognized as a titanic undertak
ing, calling, for the best service of the
best talent we can produce, the -fruits of
success aro worth the winning. Tho fact
that others' have failed is an additional In
centive for us to succeed, because the
true pioneer Is not discouraged by the
thought that ho Is breaking new ground.
Admitting that failures have occurred in
plenty since American occupation of tho
islands, there follows a collection of
specific experiences to show that our
-widely vaunted trait of adaptability is
not a myth; that those -who are giving
the best there is In them to the solution
of their problems are breaking down the
obstinacy of this stubborn land.
Clarke, the Pie Peddler.
One of tho-first Americans to land -in
Manila after our troops was a young
man by the name of Clarke, from.Cen
tralia. 111. Before the smoke of the bom
bardment cleared away he began to exer
cise his commercial instinct by retailing
pies to the hungry soldiers. The little
bakery founded by the pie vendor has now
grown into an establishment of large pro
portions., giving employment to 15 Ameri
cans and 30 Filipinos. The Clarke bakery
practically supplies the white population
of Manila with bread. Four and a half
tons of American flour go Into the big
ovens every 24 hours. When the remnant
of the battered Russian fleet limped into
Manila 'harbor this Summer, the first
thing tho Admiral did after cabling the
Czar that ho had been whipped, was to
order 2000 loavos of Clarke's bread for Ills
The elite of commercial Manila takes its
noonday lunch at Clarke's., Ho has also
been so successful in tho manufacture of
candy that his name means almost as
much to tho Orient as Huyler's. Gun
ther"s and Lowney's stand for- In the
United States. - A branch factory has been
established In Shanghai, and the proprie
tor Is extending his business throughout
the entire. Bast. This successful young
pioneer believes In the future of the Phil
ippines and is investing his profits here.
In tho cargo ot the ship which brought me
to Manila there was $5000 worth of mining
machinery consigned to Clarke, which in
itself is sufficient commentary on the
growth of a business that wivs founded
only yesterday with a capital stock con
sisting of a basket of pies.
American. Firm Wins Out.
The development of the firm of Castle
Bros. Wolf & Sons, American importers
and exporters, shows another phase of
business, success in -the Philippines. rho
v : FKNT'-TFE, lM)OraiKX AaSBEr
l ; J- 1
. K 5 f Ml
gentlemen In this, firm were not of the
Boldier-of-fortune type, but were trained
business men from San Francisco who
-brought 'plenty of money with them to
establish themselves. They began by
taking contracts to provide the Army
with vegetables, produce, frozen meats
and other commodities, at the same time
founding a commission business in flour,
feed and fruits. In the course of time
they added dry goods, cement and elec
trical machinery, and began to export
native products such as,homp, dried co
coanuts and cigars.
They are now agents for six of tho
principal steamship lines, and have Just
added a fire and marine insurance depart
ment to their business. They had to corii-
poto with established English and Chinese
firms, who knew the puzzling 1ns and outs
of the Oriental trade, that are so baffling
and perplexing to the American business
man. Although it has been a battle royal
for supremacy, the new firm has succeed
ed so well In "hustling the East" that the
volume of their business for this year
will reach $5,000,000. which will be the high
water mark; for this center. vv
Lawyers Make Lucky Striked
Two Americans who are practicing law
in Manila have won a case before the
United States Supreme Court, the ees
of which aro larger than most lawyers
earn in a lifetime. These two young men
are John W. Haussermann and Charles C.
Cohn, the former being from Leaven
worth, Kan., and the latter from San
Francisco. The case ,ln point related to
the refund of duties collected by the Unit
ed States Government from the mer
chants of the Philippines. It seems that
upon the declaration of war with Spain,
President McKinley ordered the collec
tion of a war tax upon Imports. This Im
post should have been suspended when
the Paris treaty was slgntfd, but was con
tinued during the Philippine insurrection
because the officials interpreted the law
to mean that auty should be collected as
long as any kind of hostilities were in
progress. Tho Supreme Court has decid
ed that International war and local insur
rection are two different matters, there
fore the duties which were, collected after
the signing of the Paris treaty must be
The amount Involves between 57.009.000
and. 58,000,000. The firms who paid, this
money are to receive 66 2-3 of the refund,
and tho attorneys 33 1-3 per cent. Haus
sermann and Cohn have worked on the
case for Ave years. In connection with the
law firm of Couflert Bros., of. New York.
Cohn and Haussermann win. each receive
5300,000. A motion for a "rehearing" has
"been filed on the ground that the refund
of this money would be in the naturo of
a gratuity, because the duty was added
to the cost price of tho goods at the time,
so that in reality the public paid the tax.
While this is true, the Supreme Court re
gards the matter from a legal standpoint
only, and It Is said that Congress will
hardly refuse the payment of a bill
against the country which has been ap
proved by the highest court in the land.
Manila has been the scene of much
newspaper enterprise. The Cablcnews. J
THS S0fTXA2 OKEGUXTJSr, POBTIAND, OCTOBER 1, 1905.
with the exception of the "Honolulu Ad
vertiser, is the best equipped Journal un
der tho American flag outside the States.
It was established by Israel Putnam, a
Saratoga capitalist, who was formerly an
officer in the Regular Army. Mr. Put
nam's Idea was to give the . Americans in
the Philippines,, and the people of the
Orient in general, the news of the world
from an American viewpoint. He spared
no money In equipping the paper, supply
ing lineotypes, perfecting presses and
jtereotyplng machinery, all of which are
run by Filipinos, there being no printer
or mechanic of any other nationality em
ployed on the paper. Tho Cablcnews Is
housed In Us own building of concrete and
steel, which is the handsomest, largest
and most costly of Its kind In the Orient.
Everything Is run by electricity.
About two years ago Mr. Putnam leased
the Cablcnews to "lr. Frederick O'Brien,
a correspondent who Is well known in
San Francisco, New York and the Far
East, The cosmopolitan atmosphere ot
the paper Is shown by the personnel of
Its staff, the editor being an American,
the city editor an Englishman, while the
reporters are Irish, English, German and
Filipino. The paper Is published In Eng
lish, with daily translations from the
Spanish and Tagalog papers, and it is
liberally illustrated with half-tones. In
former times little news was received in
Manila by cable on account of the tre
mondous tolls, but the Cablcnews strug
gled along under a great burden of ex
pense until it finally built up a clientele
Exporting: to China.
Squires & Bingham, dealers In photo
graphic supplies, were enlisted men from
Minnesota and Pennsylvania! respective
ly. Both were export photographers and
as soon as they were mustered out of tho
army went to work with their cameras.
Their business has grown until they not
only have a Jobbing trade all over the
Philippine archipelago, but are beginning
to export to China. They are Installing a
plant for the manufacture of all kinds
of photographic paper and will push their;
line throughout the whole East.
E. C. McCullough & Co., the pioneer
printers and stationers of Manila,
have built up one of the finest print
ing establishments In tho Orient.
They made a small beginning, grad
ually adding to their facilities until
they are now equipped to do all klnJs
of book work and color printing-. They
turn out many of the local magazines
and periodicals In a manner quite in
keeping1 with the high standard set
In the United States.
Although tho difficulty of securing'
competent labor has heretofore made
the East a dreaded locality for con
tracting firms, two American con
cerns who Invaded the field since the
occupation of the Philippines havo
"made good." The Atlantic. Gulf &
Pacific Co.." of New York, San Fran
cisco and Seattle, has made a brilliant
success of its enormous contract, to
Improve the harbor of Manila. J. G.
White & Co.. construction contrac
tors of Now York, were equally juitJ
cessful In putting' through tho con
tract for building the Manila electric
street railway. Both of these com
panies encountered many of the most
difficult problems in constructive engineering-,
yet they fully sustained the
good reputation American engineers
have made in all parts of the world.
Loving, the Negro Bandmaster.
One of the. pronounced American
successes in the Philippines Is that
of Lieutenant Walter H. Loving, the
negro band master, who captured the
crowd at. the St. Louis Exposition
with his constabulary band of eighty
How "Bob" Fitzsimmons Was "Trimmed" at New Orleans
By tho Time Ho "Whipped Jim Hall, the Purse of Forty Thousand Dollars Had Vanished in Thin Air.
THERE are some funny sides to
everything, and now after the years
have gone by grown Into something
over 121 can afford to sit back and crack
a quiet smile at the things that came off
down In New Orleans when I fought Jim
Hall in the National Athletic Club, and.
Incidentally, lost a bunch of money; the
same old story, you know: Easy mark,
and know-It-all got trimmed again. Of
course, It's funny. If It wasn't then. It is
now, and I guess we'll all have to get In
On February 10; 1SJ0, I fought Jim Hall
In Sydney. Australia, and lost tho decision
and not because I couldn't knock him
flat any time I wanted to. either, but
that s another story, tnat mayoe i n i tcmocr, when I went down In Anniston,
touch up later. Ever since that fight I'd j Ala., and trimmed Millard Zcnder wlth
becn trying somehow to get another go out any trouble.
at Jim, principally
because he'd been
blowing all over the world how he'd found
an easy thing out there In Kangarooland.
I was out for Jim, and I needed him In
my business, and It was a long while I
took to get him.
However, I came over to this country
and landed in San Francisco and nobody
there seemed to take much of the Fitz
simmons stock at anywhere near what I
thought it was worth. Maybe they
thought It was watered a bit, and from
what I've learned since It wouldn't sur
prise ne, knowing San Francisco as I
do. If they hadn't bad a lot of good hot
ones put over the plate before that. How
ever, they didn't cotton to me very much,
and I had to wait a bit.
All they knew was that Jim Hall had
got a decision over me out In Sydney,
and Jim had forgotten to hand over all
tho details at tho same time. I followed
Jim's trail around a bit. and finally I got
an offer from the Minnesota Athletic
Club, of St. Paul, to pull off a go with the
good James. As I said before, they didn't
know me very well, and I had to put up a
guarantee of about 3000 slmoleons that
I'd bo there when the gong tapped and
have Jim In the ring.
It looked easy to me then, but Jim
had figured out that he was In wrong
somewhere, I guess, and he didn't seem
to see It in the same light I did. Maybe
I was a little overanxious, because that
Sydney business had to be wiped out
somehow, but to cut a long, dodging story-
short, I didn't get Jim into the ring. und
the club pulled down my sow, ana leit me
to square the bill with Bob Fitzsimmons
the best way I could.
Afterwards I heard that Jim looked
over the fight Yd had with Jack Dcmpsey,
and figured himself in at the small end.
bnt while I thought about It then. 1
didn't stop watching for a chance to jtt
pieces. The best bands, in the world
participated In the musical contest at
St. Louis,, nnd Loving1 was awarded
second prize, defeating- famous organi
zations like Sousa'a. the Mexican
National Band and the English Royal
Band. The first prize was won by
the French musicians, but there wore
many authorities who claimed that
the Filipinos wero equally as good.
The splendid showing made by the
dusky Islanders was a genuine sur
prise. Lieut. Loving is a native of St. Paul,
Minnesota, and was brought up by
Judge Flambrau, a neighbor of J. J.
Jim. I made him a few offers that the
ordinary professional would have grabbed
at and swallowed, hook and sinker, but
Jim was a bit shy, and steered clear or
the bait. That was July 22, 1S31 ana
I was out looking for other business all
In March I met Peter Mahcr In New
Orleans and dropped him In 12 rounds,
and that made Jim shy off a little fur
ther. Then I put Jim Farrell asleep in
two rounds In Newark, and Jim sat down
and waited., A week later I went after
Joe Godfrey in Philadelphia, and laid him
away to rest in one round, and six days
later picked up Jerry Slattery in New
Yr- t?l 2? JL8
J was fadjnK awaya uttlo bit further, ariujl wanted to show him Just how much of a
j didn't do any more fighting until' Sep-
""""y" i . . . ,
vuruvr oi nis eye, ana J. inea to araw mm
on, but he'd got money mad about then,
and he couldn't see It anyway he fixed it.
He was still talking pretty big about
what he'd do to me when we did meet,
but every time he saw a lithograph of me
they say he'd shiver and say it was a
goose walking over his grave. I went out
with a show that Winter, and we hit some
high spots that kind of rubbed our nice1
new paint off here and there.
However, at last I managed to get Jim
nailed down, and It was fixed that we
pull It off in New Orleans. The National
promised to hang up a purse of . 510,000.
and they did It all right. Then a certain
party offered us 530.000 to come up North
and pull off the mill In New York, but
the cinch, which Is me, wouldn't have It
that way. I got up on my hind legs and
made a howl which simmered down about
"No, slrce. I've got good friends in New
Orleans, and I know I'll get a square deal
here. I'm going to stick to my pals In
Incidentally, I'd borrowed abou 53000
from a man down there who was Inter
ested in the club, to get me out of a hole,
and pay off my show people, and 1
couldn't see where I came In to toss him
iii the air.v I stuck out for New Orleans,
and New Orleans It Was.
Here Is where tho comedy commences.
Nobody, but a few wise ones believed 1
ever had & chance with Hall. My fight
with Derapsey ought to have put them
wise, but it didn't, and so when the bet
ting was called I was the short end of It,
and most of the club outfit could see al
most anything but Fitzsimmons. That is
not swelled head or anything like that
but after I'd whipped Dcmpsey, that lad
was always watching out for me and hU
wife told zoc once, that when he was on
HI1L The colored youth graduated
from the St. Paul High School In the
same class with the son of his em
ployer. His benefactor then sent him
to the New England Conservatory of
Mu3lc, In Boston, from where he grad
uated with high honors. He organized
two Army bands before coming to the
Philippines. Loving Is a fiend for
work. During tho six years of his
stay here he has mastered the Span
ish, Tagalog and Ilocano languages
In order to make himself understood
by his men. He rehearsed eight hours
a day on the ship which took his
band to America, and continued the
his deathbed, he put a roll of money he
had saved into her hands and said:
"Whenever, or whoever Fitzsimmons
fights, place your money on him, for he's
bound to beat every man of any weight
he ever meets."
Poor Jack was wrong toward the last,
but It went then. Well, stories like that
had got about, and they helped me a lit
tle In the betting, but the big money was
on Hall. Here Is where the fun com
mences, and where I fought myself out of
a handsome stake.
Jim and I got Into the ring, and it was
all day for him, and he knew it. He'd
fourfiushed about long enough, and while
rlnser he was, I didn't want the thing to
get too short, for I believe In giving a
crowd a run for Its money any time that's
possible. I set it - pretty stiff for Jim.
and long before the first round was ovor
I knew I had him on Queer street.
When the fourth round came In Jim
was a cinch, and I Just handed him his
and began to count up that big bit of
change in my mind. It's a good thing I
counted It there, for It was the only
counting I did. While I was putting a
nice artistic finish on Jim' the good presi
dent ot the club was out- I'll give you
five guesses, and you'll never hit It, un
less you've heard the story. The presi
dent was down the street putting up the
purse on Jim Hall. As I am a living man,
that's Just what came off. There we
-were in the ring, getting warm and
brulsy and the good president was hiking
from one place to another putting up the
540.CCO on a dead one. That's where I
fought myself out of a good bunch of
ready stuff. If I'd have been beaten, I'd
have taken down the short end, and that'
would have been something, but I had
to go and whip Jim Into a plug hat. and
Just because I did. and the president's
Judgment had a hole In It, I got a finan
cial slap that hurt.
Then I thought of that fancy little
speech I'd made about sticking to my old
friends in New Orleans, and I could have
sat down and howled an Indian war song.
I thought ot the 550.000 we'd been offered
In New York, and I could have hit some
one with an ax. but I had to stand and
take the medicine, though I'll never for
get how mean I felt when they came In
and told me that It wag all up.
"Where's the coin?" I asked.
"There Isn't any coin," said they. "It
went up on Hall."
"All ot It?" I wanted to know.
"Every red," said they, and then I kept
That was my good friend from New Or
leans. Say, but there are a lot of things
they can hand you in this sporting game,
and It's a new one every minute. Think
of me standing up there to battle Jim
Hall up and down the ring for nothing.
dally drill up to tho time ot the open
ing of the exposition, so that his men
were thoroughly familiar with over a
During the exposition the band was
taken on tour for a short time, and
In tho different cities where It ap
peared It proved a big drawing card,
attracting a greater number of peo
ple than usunly attend the big cir
cuses. It proved a great advertisement
for the Philippines. Several amuse
ment promoters aro now negotiating
with a view to taking the band on
tour In America, and If this Is dono
it will surely break all attendance
records. Loving Is only 33 years old.
He Is modest and well-mannered and
is not at all spoiled by his great suc
cess. The Spirit of Success.
The various crusades against epi
demics have shown that this Is In
deed the land of thewhlte man's trial.
Meacham and Mudge were two men
whoso names should live in tho hall
of fame. Meacham wan an inspector
who had a weak heart. When the
cholera was raging In one district like
a scourge, the order came to burn
everything to the ground. The day
was intensely hot. and the added heat
of the blazing buildings made the
district a veritable Inferno, Meacham
confined the flames to the proper
zone, then suffered r fatal collapse.
In his pocket was found a note from
hl physician, dated mo day before,
which told tho inspector that if he
did not rest It would cost him his
life. The plucky fellow had braced
hlmsolf to complete his task and had
taken tho consequences without a hint
Mudge was nnothor sanitary man
whom the doctors found working with
a temperature of 104 degrees. Ho had
been without rest for days. When
finally persuaded to desist, he said:
"I guess 1 will take a little nap." The
epidemic was checked, but Mudge
never woke up." Ho had tnxed his
strength beyond tho rallying point.
Can you discourage or defeat a nation
which produces men like these? Has
the desert or the mountain or the
Jungle ever stopped them? Even
though the East is benumbed with
centuries ot inactivity, will they not
prevail against It? I leave ft to you
FREDERIC J. HASKIN.
Of courso it was some satisfaction to
have handed James his, and to shut his
trap down about what he was going to
do to me. but that money was a bitter
wallop. I've got many a worse one In the
ring, but they never hurt like that did.
And me all but broke. Wowl
However, it's a gooi saying that It'll all
come out In the wash, and It did. I got
along somehow, but that lesson taught
me a lot of things.
In the newspapers sometimes you've
read something like this: "Some delay
was caused at the ringside by Fitzsim
mons. He wanted the money put up in
plain sight, and said he wouldn't go on
unless some reputable man held the
Maybe you've thought It mighty queer
for a man to act that way, and perhaps
you've felt a little bit sore, and had a
whole lot of contempt for a man that
couldn't trust anybody with the change
he was going to fight for.
Well, now, do you blame Fitzsimmons?
Do you think he did that for a Joke, or
because he didn't want anyone to get the
hooks Into him again. It's the old story,
once bit, twice shy. and it's a burnt child
that dreads the French ball.
I'm going to know where I get my
hands on that purse, no matter how
things go. and If any more presidents
want to gamble, they can do It with soma
other lad's money. However, that's where
I have a laugh now and then, when I
think of me working like a mule, and the
other, fellow running down the street with
that satchel putting It up on Hall.
It Is to laugh now.
To n Butterfly.
(At 00 Degrees in tho Shade.)
Blest sprite, that fllttest through the
'Neath Summer suns, devoid ot care.
I envy tliee. distracting flr.
Thou look' at so fresh and cool, while X
Can't though I try.
No collar donned at Fashion! beck.
Depends, a moist and crumpled wreck.
About thy neck.
No hard boiled shirt, no fancy vest.
Lies nightmare-like on thine oppressed
And simmering chest.
I envy thee: ah! would I too
Might brave, untrousered, e'en as you.
The public view.
A handkerchief, a string of beads
Such as the Hottentot concedes
To Custom's needs
These, and a brush or so of paint.
I'd gladly wear without complaint.
Only I mayn't.