The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, March 05, 1905, Image 1

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    46 PAGES
Inaugural Pageant at
Parade Which Excelled
All Ever Seen.
Sea of Humanity Sees Presi
dent Take Oath,
Cheers 'Like Niagara's Thunders
Greet the President in a City
to Which Art Has Given
Transcendent Beauty.
V are the heirs of the aces, .nd ret
re have had to pay few of the penalties
Which In old countries are exacted by the
dead band of a byfcone civilization.
Justice and generality in a nation, as
In an Individual, count meet when shown
not by the -weak but by the strong.
TVe "wish peace; but we wish the peace
of Justice, the peace of righteousness.
We wieh it because we think it is right,
and not because we are afraid.
.Never before have mn tried m vast
and formidable an experiment as that
of admlnisterinr the affairs of p. contt-'
nent under the forms of a democratic re
ubltc. If Mt fail. tb ' cause of. free
l-governaivt .thtusbjit 'to tforia
will rock to ita foundailona.
We bare faith' that we shall not prove
false to the memories of. the men of the
mighty pact.
"WASHINGTON, March i. The moat
brilliant and Imposing inauguration which
the citizens of Washington have over pre
pared has passed Into the history of the
Republic. Theodore Roosevelt did not ride
to the Capitol, hitch his horse to a shade
tree, enter the building and take the oath
of office booted and spurred. 'The tradi
tional Jeff ersonlan simplicity was replaced
by a pageant which has not been sur
passed In the annals of tne Nation. '
For a week the District of Columbia
has been the host of the Union. Term
after Presidential term, her citizens, with
out regard to party, unite with enthusi
asm In preparing an Inauguration that
shall fittingly show forth the National re
spect for the Executive office. As for the
unparalleled demonstration of today, the
sole credit Is due to these citizens, the
officials of the "War and Navy Depart
ments and the officers of the Army and
General John "Wilson, of the Army, chair
man of the inaugural committee, was ably
assisted by bis vice-chairman, George
TruesdeH, and Commissioner West and
the inaugural committee of 75 citizens,
with Lieutenant-General Chaffee at the
bead of Its military affairs and C. C.
Glover responsible for Its finances. These
perfected and carried through an Inaugu
ration which, for variety of detail, com
pleteness of every part and splendor of
the whole, stands, without rival among
Its notable predecessors.
All Sections Take Part.
It was the first National Inauguration
since the Civil "War. The South sent up
Its warriors and its state officials. Men
who fought each other for years under
different flags; men who fought together
in the war with Spain under one 'flag; ex
ecutive officers of the states who upheld
the Stars and Bars, and those who stood
for the flag of the Union, marched to
gether in review before the President
today, and fully 200.000 visitors gazed with
wonder and enthusiasm at the District's
handiwork for honoring Its President.
The whole city was a garden blossom
ing with flags. For a week great waves
of color have been sweeping through all
Its streets. Not only was the line of
march artistically decorated to a degree
never before attained, but no street in
the city was without its National colors.
Acting under a suggestion from the inau
gural committee, the Board of Education
had requested Its 50,000 school children
to see that each one of their homes dis
played the flag. It was a request re
sponded to by an army of children. This
apotheosis of the colors was one of the
anost striking elements of a gigantic
scheme for expressing kth National re
rpect for the President.
The committee on street decorations,
street Illumination and parks and review
ing stands worked together with artistic
taste and transformed two miles and a
half of the city's noted avenue into a fit
ting highway for the Nation in its count
less representative bodies to march as an
escort to its President. Every square
yard that was not black with people
banked high above the pavement, crowd
ing all the windows and fringing all the
roofs, was brilliant with the National col
ors, light and airy stands, conforming
everywhere to elementary architectural
rules" as to construction, painting and
decorations, supplanted the huge and ur
sightly lumber piles which were formerly
tolerated as outlooks for the crowds. The
scene by day was magnificent; . by night,'
under the committee's scheme of Illumi
nation, the tremendous crowds wandered
in falrylaria.
Glories of Court of History.
The President's reviewing stand In
front of the White House was the cen
ter of the Court of History, which ex
tended blocks from Fifth street. On
each side of the avenue were noted 'his
torical figures in great numbers from the
St. Louis Exposition. Among these were
heroic statues of Monroe, Jackson, La
Salle, Clark, Livingston, Narvez and oth
er notable figures in the history of the
Louisiana Purchase.
"The Flying "Victory" and "The Genius
of Architecture" were erected one on each
side of the avenue at the east end of the
Court of History, and the "Genius ot
Sculpture" and the "Genius of Music" at
the west end.
Each figure is surrounded by group col
umns 40 feet high, heavily festooned. Ar
ranged on pedestals, at regular intervals
on each side of the court, are triple bam
boo poles from the Philippines. They are
of a uniform height of 50 feet, each bears
The "Weather.
TODAY'S Fair; -winds mostly northwest.
YESTERDAY 8 Maximum temperature, 60
deg.; minimum, 44. Precipitation, none.
Inauguraxioa of Presides! Kooserelt.
Oath of office taken and Inaugural address de
livered at Capital. Page 1.
Greatest of inaugural parades. Page 2.
City decorated with unprecedented splendor.
Page 1.
Vice-President Fairbanks sworn In. Page 2.
Fireworks and inaugural ball close the day.
Page 12.
Fifty-eighth. Congress complete business and
adjourns finally. Page 8.
The War la the Par East.
Japanese rout 'Russian right and are near
Mukden. Page 1.
Kuroki also Wins victories and approaches city.
Page 1.
Kuropatkin burns his stores and prepares to
fiee to Tie Pass. Page 1.
Japanese land in Northeast Corea to besiega
Vladivostok. Page 1.
Antarctic expedition r turns.
Page 12.
Balfour loses
another seat in Parliament.
Page a.
Car's rescript veil received by Liberals.
Page T.
"Warsaw anarchist blown up by his own bomb.
Page 7.
Argument on Colorado contest beglno. Pags 3.
New York State Senators acenaed of grafting.
Page S.
Beef Trust Inquiry win continue. Page S.
Commercial and Marine.
Hop pool formed by Yakima growers. Page 15.
New York stock trading on email scale. Page
New York banks surplus reserve reaches low
figure. Page IB.
fTheat closes with Improvement at Chicago.
Page 13.
California cured fruit market quiet. Peg IB.
Eleven Oriental cargoes will be tnt -from
Portland in -next two months. Page 14.
Oregon's panaangtrs do tonight. Pass 14.
&&WSyZJ&W2A SW&YUE. ZXXW7VG- raZJ?V&? TY CAfJT0JLV t1Crf 7W SttZCftt?
a hand-painted shield of a state or terri
tory of the Union, and from the top of
each floats the Stars and Stripes. The
. flags were broken out on the poles by vet
erans of the Spanish-American "War. The
poles are connected by double laurel rope
garlands bearing thousands of parti -colored
electric lights.
Artistically located on the court are
massive urns, also brought from the Lou
isiana Purchase Exposition, filled with
giant palms. Scores of handsome palms
constitute one of the decorative features
of the court. Along each side of the Court
of History handsome stands were erected
from which spectators might view the in
augural parade. Thus the court was
transformed ' into a vast ampitheater.
This triumphal pathway, along which
the kings of the earth might have
deemed it an honor to be conducted,
was cleared and closed to cars and ve
hicles at an early hour. The police
management was perfect. It was a
royal highway upon which the Presi
dent early entered and proceeded to the
The Grand Army of the Republic, as
Is its habit, insisted on acting as the
(Concluded on Third Page.)
Padfle Coast.
Initiative recommended for solution of normal
school question. Page 6.
Mrs. Stanford's will shows bequests of $5,125,-
000. Page 6.
Washington legislature may aooa he without
heat or light unless wood Is paid for. Page C
Portlaad and Vicinity.
Primary law as affecting elections in Portland
ts upheld by the court. Page 9.
Strike at the Fair grounds Is practically con
fined to the Government building. Page 16.
Coast mineral exhibit at the Pair will be a
feature. Pare IS.
Colonel C XT. Gantenbeln is ordered to report
for examination as Colonel in-tbe volunteer
service of the United States JLrmy. Page 8.-
EU Johns citizens urge W. V. Jobea to rua for
Mayor. Page 10. ,
Northern Pacific the probable purchaser of 'Co
lumbia River Jfc Northern Railway. Page 10.
Negro editors 'are at war. Page IB.
Bankrobber J. I. Klngsley twice seen at Ms
home within the past few days. Page 0.
"Hero" Loeb. of Manltou, finds "grafting" less
easy in New York even than in Portland.
Pare 11.
Chief of Police wants ICO patrolmen. Page 10.
Qtlxens are united for a city beautiful. Page
School IMrector says Portland teachers are wen
paid. Page 11.
Features and Departments.
Editorial. Page 4.
Church announcements. Page 28.
Classified advertisements. Pages 36-31.
Wedding presents; a comedy of today. Page 35.
Andrew Carnegie, the freest-handed million
aire the world has ever known. Page 82.
Story frcm real life stranger than fiction.
Page ST.
Tales from Dickens. Page 40.
College life of a Stanford woman. Page S3.
How the other half of the world lives. Page sj
Return of Sherlock Holmes. Page 42.' " .
Message to American girls. Pag 31.
Peck's Bad Boy. Page. 43.
Social. Pares 20-21.
Dramatic. Pace 18.
Musical. Pare 19.
Xoasehold and Cashless. PagaSa.
President Roosevelt Installed
Amid Plaudits." - '!
He Swears Fealty to the Constitution
Amid Scene of Brilliant Splendor
and Is Hailed -With the
People's Love.
WASHINGTON, March 4 President
Roosevelt took the oath of office before a
vast gathering of the people-he has been
elected to serve. The attendant scenes
were not unusual. Inaugurations from
the time the east front of the Capitol
first became the setting for the ceremony
have been much the same. Many of the
central figures have officiated In like ca
pacity on other occasions when Presi
dents have acceded to the highest office
in the gift of the American people. Chief
Justice Fuller, in administering the oath,
repeated a solemn function he per
formed four times today his last. Yet.
with all this repetition, nothing was
jaded and everything appeared new.
The great crowd assembled for the
crowning event of a day full of fea
tures, cannot be estimated even by com
parison. It extended far beyond the
reach of the voice, and was sq densely
packed as to carry the stage out of the
sight of many. The Capitol plaza, re
sourceful in accommodating the thou-'
sands eager to view the ceremony, was
completely filled. People came by its nu
merous streets and avenues, which. Ilka
so many yawning, ravenous maws,
greedily swallowed the throng until every
coign of vantage was occupied. The
trees, barren' of foliage, carried their hu
man burdens on limbs capable of bearing
the weight of man or boy, and so far
away as the terraces and marble steps of
the Library of Congress thousands stood.
Hours before the ceremony could bo
expected to take place the people sought
the most advantageous positions. They
came by every means of conveyance, car
riages discharging their occupants blocks
away, and cars in steady stream unload
ing their passengers within the prescribed
area from which the unlicensed vehicles
were excluded. The number of convey
ances of all kinds was totally Inadequate
to meet the demands of the public.
The scene was one of remarkable ani
mation. Those who sought places main
tained a running' fire of raillery -and
pushed and jostled each pther, -the sound
of their, voices mingling with the shvX
2 fling of feet on the asphalted plasa. It
as a cosmopolitan public. Varied and in
J elusive, taking In those, "who from force
'cf clrcasutaaees xad. Is, sit . ic .'syartunity.;
MARCH 5, 1905.
were- unable to gain desirable places to
view the grand' procession that was to
follow. . '
Gathering of Representative .Men.
Although the ceremony differed little
from those that have preceded It, in the
great sea of spectators probably there
was a larger number of representative
Americans than any Inauguration has
brought to "Washington. The .Eastern
states were rivaled In point of attend
ance by reason of President Hoooevelt's.
great popularity in the Middle and Far
West. Delegations were present from
every one of the insular possessions.
Many of them had never seen the capital,
and, to a large number, the inauguration
of - tho President was wholly strange.
During the hours intervening between
the gathering of 'the crowd and the cere
mony there was no letting down of the
tension of interest. The passing of a
uniformed horseman was sufficient to call"
forth cheers, although in some sections
the multitude showed signs of restless
ness. This was true particularly on the
outskirts of the throng where, pressed by
constantly arriving recruits, many strug
gled to get nearer to the point of Inter
est. The effect upon the densely packed
multitude was a continuous surging back
ward and forward a turbulent sea of hu
manity. The rendezvousing of the troops, com
mittees and civic societies, entertained
the crowd throughout the long wait in
cident to the schedule.- The various or
ganizations arriving by different routes
passed Into the narrow defiles which the
police kept open, the brilliant uniforms
of the troops, the bright sashes of the
committees and the rich caparisoning of
the horses lending themselves to a ka
leidoscopic, panoramic effect. Cheers
upon cheers greeted the constantly shift
ing picture
As rapidly as the troops arrived they
took the positions assigned them: The
military esoort stretched far to the left,
and consisted of all branches of the ser
vicehorse, foot and artillery. To the
Tight were grouped division after division
If state troops, and in different places of
honor the other organizations took their
stand to await the signal to move. The
tramping of feet, galloping of horses, the
hoarse orders from chiefs and marshals
and rattle of accoutrements and occa
silnal bugle calls contributed to a pande
monium of sound to which the public Is
unaccustomed at such close range..
Where the President Took the Oath.
The movements of the gathering
troops and organizations were not all
the crowd had for its entertainment.
Directly in its front preparations were
in progress for the inauguration itself.
A monster stand in the form of an
open amphitheater had been erected on
a line with the rotunda of the Capitol,
and there decorators were engaged in
arranging for the ceremony, and ush
ers busied themselves learning the
sections to be assigned to the various
officials and distinguished guests.
' The' stand itself was of symmetrical
architectural proportions, on a differ
ent plan from those used la fprmer
years. For this occasion 'It had been
built n the form of a semi-circle in-
xllainjc ' to .& level platforsa, walekj
was placed a pavilion for tho Presi
dent's personal use. The amphitheater
accommodated nearly 7000 persons.
Jutting out from the main entrance.
the platform, with its decorations of
flags, bunting, palms and flowers, was
In brilliant contrast to the naked purity
of the stately Capitol, on which, by act
of Congress, no decorative draping- Is
Some time before the beginning of
the inaugural ceremony several thou
sand persons holding tickets entitling
them to seats on the .stand began to
take their places. By 12 o'clock the
human garden, which had flourished in
the Senate and House galleries, was
transplanted to the open-air amphi
theater. The brilliant cpatumes of the
women gave to the scene the finishing
touch of color. Added to the acre of
people seated, who looked down upon
10 acres standing, were hundreds
banked upon every projecting ledge of
the Capitol and filling the windows.
At about 1 o'clock the official party
came through the main door. Cheers
were sent up from the enthusiastic
multitude, all eyes were directed that
way and strained to get the first
glimpse of the President. Shouts of
"There he is!" were heard frequently.
but the city was sounded in false alarm
Official Party Emerges.
The official entrance was dramatic
All except those who were partici
pating in the ceremony were seated.
When the Justices of the Supreme
Court, with the exception of Chief Jus
tice Fuller, emerged from between the
Corinthian pillars and marched down
the sloping carpeted aisle to their sta
tion tljey were greeted with applause.
The Justices wore their robes and skull
caps. Then came tho members of the
diplomatic corps in their gorgeous uni
forms, and they evoked thunderous ap
plause. Led by Count CassinI, the Rus
sian Ambassador, and dean of the
corps, and followed by the others In
order of precedence, they took seats on
the right of the stand. Strolling In
after them came, members of the Cab
inet, Senators and Representatives in
Throughout this scene the demeanor
of the multitude was that of Interested
expectancy. The enticing prospect ot
seeing gorgeous and stately pageants
In review detracted in no manner from
the keen interest in the less brilliant
programme In Immediate prospect. The
attraction responsible ror the assem
bly of so vast a throng was .demon
strated by the tremendous burst of ap
plause which heralded the President's
Sea of Cheering People.
Taking aa a signal the arrival of
Mrs. Roosevelt and a party of friends,
and a moment later of Vice-President
Fairbanks and his escort, the applause
subsided to await the coming of the
man of the hour. Suddenly the crowd
on the stand began to cheer. This was
taken up by those Immediately fn front
of the platform. The miliary present
ed arms, the committee uncovered, and
soon the great sea of people was wav
lng hats and flags and shouting itself
President Roosevelt came forth from
between the massive pillars rulctly
and composedly. He was escorted by
Chief Justice Fuller, with measured
tread In harmony with the dignified
step of the Chief Justice the President
advanced In stato down the long aisle
jCCeaoUdd.:oa Page J3.J
Japanese Within Sight
of Mukden.
Nogi's Army Pursuing
to Gates of City.
Kuropatkin Burning Stores ancf
Preparing to Flee.
Japanese) Beat Back His Army- ari
Both Flanks and Annihilate
Two Divisions Terror -In
St. Petersburg.
NTUCHWANG, March 4. (noon), "via,
Tientsin. Arrivals from "the Mukden,
road report that the Japanese are en
veloping the city and that Its fall he
imminent. A strong force is moving
southeast from Fakumen. General Nogt
Is advancing north along the. LlacV
The Japanese on Friday cut off ai
Russian division, four sotnias of Cos
sacks and 26 guns, endeavoring to re-t
gain Mukden. Tho Russians were
routed and they retreated toward Tler
Pass, abandoning, their wounded.
The Japanese raid on Sinmlntin dryw
reinforcements from the Russian sta-i
tlons on the Mukden trail to the city,
whlcn Is threatened, arid all cfro'aul--posts
had been recalled to strengthen
its defense.
At 10 o'cock this morning- a Russian
division encountered Japanese scouts
near Laoplen 12 miles from Mukden. The
Russians slowly advanced two mlle&
over a scrub-covered plain. They then,
encontered an increasing force of Jap
anese advancing In the face of a driv
ing dust storm. At close range 30 gum
began discharging shrapnel at the Rus
sians, who, becoming demoralized
were ordered to retire to Tie Pass. Thei
Rudslan retreat, which began at Sj.
o'clock In the afternoon, developed Into
a rout. Two hundred wounded were left
on the field. The Japanese were not lrt
sufficient force to envelop the Rus
sians and a running fight toward thai
north followed.
The Russians, It is reported, lost five
officers and 200 men killed. The Jap-,
anese loss is unknown.
Whip Two Divisions in Detail and
Capture Much Ammunition.
TERS IN THE FIELD, March 4. via Fu
s an. The Japanese have gained a signal
victory beyond the Hun Rlver, defeating
In detail two divisions of the Russian Six
teenth Corps, recently arrived from Eu
rope, with great slaughter, and capturing
huge Quantities of ammunition. The Rus
sians still hold their main line of de
fenses. The Russians, fighting stubbornly be
tween midnight and daybreak, made four
attacks in heavy force against the contin
gent of Japanese which gained their first
line in front of Waitac Mountain Thurs
day night. The Japanese maintained their
foothold and. repulsed the Russian attacks,
inflicting heavy losses on the Russians.
The Japanese held the ground two "nights
and one day,. In weather below freezing.
The morale of the- Japaneoe troops "Is
According to Him Japanese Were Re
pulsed on All Sides.
ST. PETERSBURG, March 4. Two
lengthy dispatches received from General
Kuropatkin, respectively dated March 2
and March 3, detail the movements of
troops In various directions. The dispatch'
of March 2 says:
"The enemy by vigorous offensive tac
tics conducted a turning movement on our
right flank before the villages of Sak
hotun and Unzlatun. After a "Strong pre
paratory cannonade they attacked, but
were repulsed with great loss. VJ
"The Japanese vigorously attacked the
Gaotu Pass position and took one of our
entrenchments, from which they were
dislodged by our counter-attack, but' we
finally abandoned this entrenchment be
cause it was entirely destroyed.
"The Japanese today several times at
tacked our detachments-on the. left flank,
and at about IP. M. carried the heights
In the center of our position. Our troops,
however, counter-attacked, ' dislodged the
enemy and gained a footlng ori the crest
of a neighboring hill. -
"Our detachment near the Village of
Kudlaza, after repulsing five violent at
tacks and inflicting great .loss, assumed
jhe offensive." '
The dispatch of March 3 says:
"The offensive movement commenced ,in
the evening of March 2 .agalnstthe Jap-.,
Concluded, ca Page- ves.).