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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View This Issue
PRGES I TO 5
VOL. XXIV KO. 6.
POUT LAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING,. FEBRUARY 5, 1905.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
HE GIVES IT UP
Grippenberg Says Chief
ARMY READY TO MUTINY
Bodyguard of Czar Alone Re
SAILORS ON VERGE OF REVOLT
lack Sea Fleet Reeks With Revolu
tionary Sentiment, and General
Outbreak Seems Imminent
ST. PETERSBURG, Feb. 5 (2 A. 31.).
General Kuroputkln has tendered to
the Czar hi resignation of the com
mand of the force In the Ear Kant.
General Grippenberg: hair been re
moved from the command of the Second
Mflnehurlan army at hie ovrn reqnest,
having: declared that he had been din
honored by Kuropatkln's order to re
treat at the battle of the Hun River.
BERLIN, Feb, 4. German military ex
perts familiar -with the Inner conditions of
the Russian army declaro that the autoc
racy cannot depend on the loyalty o any
of the troopa outside o the few regiments
serving as bodyguards to the Czar and
the Grand Dukec
Military men here. In the light of history
and tradition, therefore, regard the recent
mutiny of soldiers and marines at Sevas
tapol as Immeasurably the most danger
ous event of all the recent turmoil in
They proclaim their belief that It Is the
forerunner of widespread insubordination,
fraught with far-reaching consequences.
ON VERGE OF MUTINY.
Crews of .Baclk Sea Fleet Ready to
Rise Against Government.
LONDON, Feb. 4. The crews, of the
Black Sea fleet are on the verge of mu
tiny. Revolutionary literature in great
quantities has been found on the ships.
The men are in a dangerous frame of
mind, and an outbreak Is feared at any
The intense feeling of revolution lk
strengthened by the fact that 38 of their
comrades are being sentenced to death as
ringleaders In the first outbreak.
WHY KUROPATKIN RESIGNS.
Bitter Quarrel With Grippenberg
Ends in Withdrawal.
ST. PETERSBURG. Feb. 4 (5 P. M.).
tumors of General Kuropatkin handing
trover his command to General Llnevitch,
commander of the first army, have been
current In St. Petersburg since the an
nouncement that General Grippenberg
had been relieved of his command of tho
second army. The Associated Press is un
i able to obtain any confirmation of the
reports. The War Office declares they are
improbable, but Is unable to deny them.
A distinguished ' General told the Asso
ciated Press that evidently there had
been friction between General Kuropatkin
and General Grippenberg, and added:
"I have heard a great deal of talk about
Kuropatkln's asking to be relieved, but
nothing can be said on the subject at
There are two conflicting versions of
the Incident. According to one of them.
General Grippenberg complained to the
Esnpcror that General Kuropatkin had re
fused to support his flanking movement,
In view of which Grippenberg asked to be
relieved. The Emperor, it Is added, then
telegraphed to Kuropatkin, asking for an
explanation, in reply to which Kuropatkin
wired that his health was shattered, arid
requested permission to turn over his
command to General Linevitch.
According to the second and more com
monly credited version of the affair, Ku
ropatkin complained to the Emperor that
Grippenberg undertook the flanking move- J
ment In defiance of orders, and- demanded i
the General's -dismissal.
The hope is generally expressed that the
incident will be satisfactorily adjusted, as
t Is realized on all sides that Kuropat
kln's departure from the front would
prove a severe blow to hopes of victory
in the near future.
Grippenberg's withdrawal has not
changed the situation. The Russians con
tinue to hold their positions around San
depas. WEATHER ENFORCES TRUCE.
When It Breaks, Russians Will Either
Make Advance or Withdraw.
ST. PETERSBURG. Feb. 4 (11:40 P. M.)
Interest in the Ill-starred attempt to
capture Sandepas is eclipsed by the with
drawal of General Grippenberg, and un
confirmed reports regarding the retire
ment of General Kuropatkin.
According to the latest Information re
ceived by the War Office, operations on
the right flank of the Russian army are '
at a standstill. The extreme fight of the i
Russians continues to hold Chlantsanhe-
nan, on the Hun River, six miles north-
west of Sandepas. Apparently both sides I
are unable, to move owing to the terrible ,
There are 25 degrees of frost, accompan- i
led by wind, but in view of the sudden j
fluctuations in temperature at this time
of the year, tho frost may suddenly de
crease and the Russians would then be
confronted with the alternative of with
drawing in order to avoid being Inter
cepted by a Japanese column from Shill
khe or of undertaking a general advance.
The latter view finds some confirmation
in a dispatch to the Associated Press from
Tslnkhetchen, reporting a reconnaissance
by General RennenkampfTs force on the
Russian left, w..iun perhaps is prelimin
ary to an advance. The military authori
ties here are encouraged by the report
showing that the Russians are able to
repeat the plan of reaching the enemy's
line of communication.
WILL NOT TAKE A RISK.
German Military Expert Finds Cause
of Kuropatkln's Failure.
.BERLIN, Feb. 4. Colonel Gaedke, for
the first time since his return from the
Far Bast, where he was war correspond
ent for the Tageblatt. writes his opinion
of General Kuropatkin.
"Although a through-and-through hon
orable man. benevolent, personally brave,
admirable In the quiet of his workroom,
elmple In his tastes and an excellent ad
ministrator, Kuropatkin lacks," says Colo
nel Gaedke. "that glance that penetrates
the darkness of a situation, quick decis
ion, Immediate correlation of means and,
before all, the unsympathetic will that
alone triumphs In war, that -without com
passion uses tho bodies and souls of his
men In taking their last and best to com
pass victory. Such men as Kuropatkin
are not few in the Russian Army, and
their qualities attach, the soldier to his
flag, but they do not win victories. Kuro
patkin at Llao Yang burdened his mind
with placing individual regiments, bat
talions and batteries, and lost thereby the
conception of the whole."
Colonel Gaedke regards Kuropatkin as
overcautious and concludes: "No leader
is so bad as he who will not take a
RUSSIANS TAKE A VILLAGE.
But They Are Repulsed in Attacks on
ST. PETERSBURG, Feb. 4.-GeneraI
Kuropatkin, telegraphing under date ot.
February 3 to Emperor Nicholas, said:
"The village of Chautandhenau has
been completely occupied by our troops
after a fight at 5 o'olock this morning.
We reconnoitered the villages of Sanshen
and Pudzova, occupied by the enemy, and
after several volleys the sharpshooters
entered Fanshen and shot and bayoneted
many Japanese. The latter were rein
forced and attacked the sharpshooters,
who retired, carrying off their dead and
"On our right flank the Japanese left
100 corpses, of which number we burled
A later dispatch from Goneral Kuro
patkin, dated February 3, says:
"No reports of further encounters have
"One of our patrols blew, up the rail
way eight miler south of Elao Tang. Jan
uary 31 and February 2."
ARGUING ABOUT THE LOSS.
Russians Say Japanese -Suffered Most
In Battle of Heikoutai.
MUKDEN, Feb. 4. Though there is a
momentary pause in the operations, Rus
sian activity on the Shakhe River has not
ended. Two hundred Japanese prisoners
were brought in today. They were badly
dressed and suffering from cold.
The Japanese report that 00 Russians
were taken prisoners during the Sandepas
operations is untrue and the Japanese
losses greatly exceed tho Toklo estimates
of the Russian losses, because In their
advance over the frozen ground It was
impossible for the Japanese to entrench.
The report that General Kuropatkin re
ceived orders from St. Petersburg to ad-
tConcluded on Second Page.)
SUCCEED TO GOVERNORSHIP OF WISCONSIN
JAXKS O. DAVIDSON.
Lieutenant-Governor James O. Davidson will succeed Governor La. Follette a
Governor of Wisconsin when the latter becomes United States Senator. In March.
Mr. Davidson is known throughout Wisconsin as "Sunny Jim." He was born !n
Norway, came to this country as a youth, followed farming and then became
very successful storekeeper at Soldiers' Grove. He has been a member of the Wis
consin Legislature, and is serving his second term as Lieutenant-Governor.
PRIVATE OR NOT?
As to Hermann's Burned
Letters, the Question.
MAY CAUSE NEW CHARGE
Government Collecting Evi
dence on Subject
IS DILEMMA FOR HERMANN
If Really Private, He ls( Liable to
Fines Aggregating Million's for
Abuse of Frank Clerks Say
They Were Public.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Feb. 4. It is learned on ex
cellent authority that the Government
attaches great importance to the fact
that Binger Hermann, before retiring
from the General Land Office, caused
to be destroyed 36 letter-books con
taining copies of letters he had written
while Commissioner, an average of ten
letters a day for his entire term. Her
mann contends that these letters were
of a private nature. The Government
has secured the testimony of one or
more clerks who saw the letters In
question which shows that many of
them were in reply to letters which
Hermann received ' making inquiry
about public land business of one sort
This fact will be held out by the
Government to establish its contention
that the letters were of a public na
ture and that the books destroyed con
tained Government records, but it has
further been learned that all the let-
. ters which the Commissioner copied
in his private books wero sent throtigh
the malls under the Government frank.
Clerks and messengers who mailed let
ters did not place stamps on them, yet
each envelope containing one of thoso
alleged "private" letters bore on Its
face notice that there was. a. penalty of
$300 If used for private purposes.
If Mr. Hermann's contention is true,
the Government -will show that he vio
lated the postal laws and laid himself
liable to a fine of $300 for every pri
vate letter sent under his frank, and,
if all his letters were private, the max
imum penalty should be Imposed, which
will never be done, of course. Mr. Her
mann would be fined $5,000,000, for
each letter-book contained approxi
mately 500 letters.
But. if the Government presses the
case against Mr. Hermann for Illegally
using the Government's frank on pri
vate correspondence, that charge will
have to be brought in the District of
Columbia, where the letters were
mailed. This letter-book Incident,
which for a time was set aside, now
promises to play an important part in
KLAMATH BILL IS PASSED.
President's Approval Alone Needed to
Execution of Irrigation Scheme.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. Feb. 4. The Klamath irrigation
bill now lacks only the signature of the
President to make it a law. The Senate
accepted the House amendments, which
are entirely satisfactory to the reclama
tion service. As finally enacted the bill
That the Secretary of the Interior Is here
by authorized, in carrying out any Irriga
tion project that may be undertaken by
him under the terms and conditions of the
National reclamation act and which may In
volve the changing ot the levels of Lower
or Little Klamath Lake, Tule or Rhet Lake
and Goose Lake, or any river or other body
of water connected therewith. In Oregon
and California, to raise or lower the level
of said lakes, as may be necessary, and to
dispose of any lands which may come Into
the possession of the United States as the
result thereof by cession of any state or
otherwise, under the terms and conditions
of the National reclamation act.
Had it not been for Senator Fulton's
Insistence, Chairman Mondell, of the
House irrigation committee, would not
have withdrawn his objection to this
bill and it would not have passed.
TO STUDY RECLAMATION WORK
Irrigation Committees of Congress to
Tour Arid-Land States.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Feb. 4. The committees on irriga
tion of the Senate and House will make a
trip through the various arid-land states
of the West during the coming Summer
to familiarize themselves with the actual
conditions and to see what the Govern
ment is doing on the different projects.
The expenses of the trip will be borne by
the members of the committees.
Report of Land Commission.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington. Feb. 4. The Public Lands
Commission, appointed by the Presi
dent a year ngo to Investigate the
land laws and ascertain needed
changes, will submit Its second report
to the President within" a week or ten
daysr This will ot bo the final re
port, but will cover the observations
so far made. The Commission wants
its service laid before the public for
discussion. It will continue investiga
tions and submit a final report to the
President next Winter.
Earthquake in Oaxaca.
MEXICO Cm', Feb. 4. Several shocks
of earthquake have been felt in the State
CONTENTS OF TODAY'S PAPEB
TODAT'S-Falr. followed by increasing cloudi
ness andthreatening weather during the
afternoon or night? brisk "jaisterly winds.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum . temi-eratuo;. i
deg.; minimum, 34. pVeJjpltatiojj. none.
War la the I"ar East.-'
General Kuropatkin resigns command, after
quarrel with Grippenberg, who also resigns.
Skirmishes continue with varying success,
Insubordination throughout Ruasian army and
navy; mutiny threatened In Black Sea fleet.
Poles flee from Russian rule Into Germany.
Whole working population of Poland on strike.
Britain and Italy plan to break Austro-Kus-
slan control of Macedonia. Page 3.
Insurrection In Argentine. Page 3.
Hermann on horns of dilemma regarding let
ters he destroyed In I.snd Office. Page 1.
Senate committee will report in Smoot's favor.
Page 1, .
Taft recommends revision of Philippine tariff.
Railroad presidents declare for new rate law.
President Roosevelt tells about Indian trust
funda. Page 14.
Atlantic coast ports blocked with Ice and navi
gation stopped. Page 1
Weather moderating In Middle States. . Page 1.
Great flre threatens to destroy Birmingham.
Ala. Page 3.
Strong baseball' team selected to fly Portland
pennant during coming season. Page 14.
W. R. Condon wins the Burns handicap at
Oakland. Page 14.
Pacific Coast. ;
Old Oregon law provides imprisonment for
lobbyists. Page 6.
Fishermen race with dog carrying lighted dyna
mite charge. Page 7.
Governor Chamberlain decides that referendum
does not apply to local acts of Legislature.
Commercial and Marine.
Hop buyers complain of poor picking lc
Oregon. Page 13.
Chicago wheat market closes higher and
Arm. Page 13.
Profit-taking weakens New Tork stock list.
Pilot Snow, of Geo. W. Elder, exonerated
of blame for wreck. Page 0..
Portlasd and Vicinity.
Impressive ceremony marks the turning of the
first spadeful of earth on the site of the
Washington building at the Lewis and Clark
Exposition. Page 12. 1
Annual report of Library Association-contains
! Important recommendations from President
! Dolph. Page 30.
i Many indictments In land-frauds Investigation
held up temporarily by lack of complete
J evidence. Page 11.
) Legislative committee returns from Invemiga
I Hon of portage road, and report finding con
; ' dttlons as expected. Page 10.
Circuit Court quashes indictment of county
, gTand Jury In case of property-owner whose
! testimony waa used against blm. Page 12.
J Man steps from draw of Burns'.de-itrect bridge
; and is drowned, page 11.
Order excluding women from .combination
; saloons is being generally observed. -""Page. lo.
' Governor Brady says Alaska will have bigger
exhibit at Portland than at St. Louis,
j Parge 13.
-Feature aad Department.
! Editorial. Page 4.
I Classified advertisements. Pages 25-29.
Vanderbllts. the best-known railroad fam
ily in tho world. Pages 32-33.
Damming the. Colorado River. Page 36.
Along the headlands of Southern Oregon.
When- Roosevelt dines In Little Hungary.
Seeking men to man the American Navy.
Page 33. . .
The Russo-Japanese war In . a nutshell.
Page 35. , t .
Oregon In Its earliest days. Page" 43..
Dramatic Pages 18-19. ' J) '
Musical. Page" 25.
Household and fashions. Psges 3S-39. . .
Youth's-department. PagjiriiiJ -
the Government's case
I ID POUTS
Blockade in Harbors of
SHIPS ARE FROZEN IN
Navigation Stopped by Huge
Fioes Off Long Island.
WARMER IN MIDDLE WEST
Frost- Keeps His Grip on Atlantic
Coast, but' Weather Moderates in
Interior. From Great Lakes
to the Southward.
NEW YORK. Feb. 4. More than a
score of Sound steamers, tugs and other
steam craft bound for this city, which
were caught in the Ice pack off White
stone. L. I., last night and held fast for
many hours, effected their release this
afternoon and all reached their destina
Pilots of many years' experience said
today that there was more Ice In New
York Harbor today than at' any previous
tlmo during the last ten years. In many
portions of the bay the water was com
pletely frozen over. The Narrows were
full of immense ice cakes and most of
the bay on the Jersey side below Liberty
Island was frozen over completely. Both
the North and East Rivers were full of
heavy floating ice. At one time today
nine Sound steamboats, a dozen tugs,
several barges and many craft of other
descriptions, making In all about 30
vessels, carrying between them probably
more than 1000 persons, were held up for
hours by the ice floes opposite White
stone. MILDER IN PITTSBURG.
Gas Mains Restored and Factories
PITTSBURG, Feb. 4. Milder weather
Is being experienced- here today, the
mercury rising 22 degrees to 15 above.
The broken gas main in West Virginia
hs beerf repaired, and "mills and ma'nu
factories which were compelled to close
down for Jack of gas have resumed oper
ations. Winnipeg Is the Coldest.
ST. PAUL. Feb. 4. The cold weather
has about disappeared from the North
west, except at Winnipeg, where the ther
mometer registered 34 degrees below
zero today. In St. Paul it registered 11.5
below at Its lowest, but Is gradually going
Vineyard Haven Frozen Over.
WOODS' HOLE. Mass.. Feb. 4. Vine
yard Sound Is entirely frozen over for the
first time within tho memory of the resi-
FRANK PUTNAM FLINT.
Frank Putnam Flint, of Los. Angeles, the newly elected Senator from California,
was born In North Reading, Mass.. July 15. 1S62. In 18K, the parents of Mr. Flint
settled at San Francisco. The boy entered the public schools and secured a gram-roar-echool
education. He removed to Orange, Cal., In 1SSQ, and In 1S0O located In
Los Angeles, where he was appointed clerk In the United States Marshal's office.
Later he began, the study of law, and In 1S92 was appointed United States Assistant
Attorney. In 1SJ7. he was appointed United States Attorney for the Southern Dis
trict of California, serving four years, later returning to the practice of law and
nerving -.for several years In the law department of the Southern Pacific Railroad.
dents of this section. Ice has filled the
harbor at Vineyard .Haven, the great shel
tered port of the island of Martha's Vine
yard, for a number of days and today a
.solid sheet of Ice stretches for miles from
Temperature Rising in Kansas.
TOPEKA; Kan.. Feb. 4 Following a
.temperature of . IT degrees below zero
last night, today has been near zero, with
two Inches of snow. It is below zero
William Jeffries, a farmer near Abi
lene, was so badly frozen he cannot re
cover. There are now seven Inches of snow
on the Kansas wheat fields. This places
the cereal in excellent condition to with
stand the Winter.
Grip of Frost-King Broken.
SUPERIOR, Wis., Feb. 4. The back
bone of the cold wave, which held the
head of the lakes In a relentless grip
for 60 hours, appears to have been
broken. The temperature remained
stationary at 5 below zero throughout
the night, and today the local fore
caster announced that the rise in .the
mercury would continue during the
next 24 hours.
Moderating in the Southwest.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Feb. 4. The
weather today In Missouri and Kansas
had moderated, while lower tempera
tures were recorded in Oklahoma, In
dian Territory, Arkansas and Texas.
While the temperature at Kansas City
was 8 degrees below zero and at Cpn
cordia, Kan., 12 below early today, it
had risen several degrees by noon.
Cold Abates in Nebraska.
OMAHA, Feb. 4. The severe cold of
tho last few days in Nebraska shows
little sign of abatement today. Six
teen degrees below Is the official reud
lng at the Weather Bureau this morn
ing. At Norfolk, In the central part of
the state, 27 degrees below zero Is re
ported. Navigation Stops at Providence.
PROVIDENCE. R. I.. Feb. 4. Provi
dence harbor and Narragansett Bay were
today practically Impassable to all sailing
craft and only the ocean steamers and
large tugs could make their way up
against the Ice. The embargo has been
forming for about two weeks.
Maine Coast Icebound.
PORTLAND, Mc, Feb. 4. The Maine
coast as far cast as Mount Desert Island
Is completely ice-bound today except an
occasional passageway available only for
Newport Harbor Full of Ice.
NEWPORT, R. I.. Feb. 4. Ice In the
harbor was so thick today that naviga
tion was practically suspended.
TO BET KS. DUKE FEEE.
District Attorney Objects to Cost of
HOUSTON, Tex., Feb. 4. District At
torney Imboden, of Nacogdoches, states
that he- today wrote to District Attor
ney Jerome, of New York, suggesting
that Mrs. Alice Webb-Duke be dis
charged from custody, she being held
on Indictments against her in Texas.
Mr. Imboden says he has decided on
this course because of the delays in
cident to securing extradition papers
and the expense of bringing Mrs. Duke
to Texas and for which Mr. Imboden
does not. feel inclined to stand person
MOOT WILL WIN
Utah Senator Will Re
FORECAST OF ACTION
Majority of Committee
Is in His Favor, v
WILL SCORE MORONISM
May Propose Amendment Pro
NO BLAME ATTACHED ig HIM
Want Decision This Session-'-Whether
Two-Thirds or. Majority Vote
Is Needed, Smoot Will
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
lngton. Feb. 4. Chairman Burrows, of
the Senate committee on privileges and
elections, is confident that he can se
cure a vote on the Smoot case before
March 4. From this time forward all
his efforts will be bent In that direc
tion. The attorneys in the case, both for
and against Smoot. have completed
their arguments and filed their briefs;
the case is now ready for action by
the committee. The evidence and the
arguments will probably be considered
by the committee In executive session,
as the deliberations aro similar to
those taken by the Senate while It
sits behind closed doors; It probably
will be well towards the end of. Feb
ruary before a report is made.
Majority for Smoot.
It is known in advance that there
will be two reports, a majority report,
probably in favor of Smoot; a minority
report recommending that he be de
prived of his seat. In the nature of
things, it ha3 been impossible to learn
Just how the members of the commit
tee stand, but persons who have close
ly followed the -investigations and who
have intelligently observed the ques
tions put by various members, bellevo
that Senators McComas, Foraker, De
pew, Beverldge, Dillingham, HopWns,
JCnox and Bailey will sign the majority
report In favor of Smoot. and that Du
bois, Pettus, Overman, Clark ani prob
ably Chairman Burrows .will sign tha
minority report agulnst him.
Chairman Burrows ha3 been very ag
gressive in pressing- the investigation,
and his questions have puzzled tho me"
who have endeavored to find how he
stands Some are confident .he will sign
the majority report; others arc satis
fied he will oppose Smoot. The latter
seem to be in the majority, and soma
of them are so confident that they pre
dict that Mr. Burrows will make a
strong argument against Smoot on the
floor of the Senate.
Will Condemn Mormon Church.
No matter how Burrows votes In
committee, there seems to be little
doubt that the majority report, -while
favoring Smoot, will 'scathingly criti
cise the Mormon Church, both Cor:
countenancing polygamy and for Its
manifest Interference In politics. It Is
quite probable that the report will go
further and recommend a constitution
al amendment prohibiting the practice
The right of a Senator to his seat
involves a question of highest privi
lege and. once the committee reports,
there will be no difficulty in calling up
the Smoot case In the Senate, notwith
standing the pressure for time. Chair
man Burrows has worked hard to close
this troublesome case, and will not
have It go over If he can help It. He
believes that a vote can be had before
adjournment, and he is going to find
Majority or Two-Thirds Vote?
A fine point must be determined, by tha
Senate before It votes on the case, name
ly, whether it will take a majority or a
two-thirds vote to unseat the Senator
from Utah. It had been supposed, up to a
few days ago, that a two-thirds vote,
would be necessary, because the constitu
tion provides that no Senator shall.be de
prived of. his eeat except by a two-thirds
vote of the Senate. Special Attorney Tay
ler, who conducted the case against
Smoot. maintains that a majority- vote
will unseat him. Tayler argues that .
Smoot Is disqualified because of acts com
mltted prior to the time he was- sworn in
as a Senator; that these acts are such as
disqualify him from holding a seat in the
Senate, and, by reason of having been
committed prior to his entering the Sen
ate, made out a case which should have
prevented his taking the oath two years
ago. It Is Tayler'a contention that the
two-thirds vote is only necessary In the
cases of, and was only Intended to apply
to. Senators charged with having commit
ted some offense after they became mem
bers of the Senate. In other words, he
(Concluded on Page Six.)