The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, December 04, 1904, PART FOUR, Page 43, Image 43

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Chapted IV. The Simple TVord.
SPEECH 1b the great organ which re
veals the mind, the first -visible form
that It gives Itself. As la the thought,
an la the speech. To reform one's life In
snse of simplicity one must watch
rvcr word and pen. Let the word be
simple, like the thought, and that It may
rw sincere and that it may be sure, think
'cstly. speak frankly. ,
Social relations have for their base mu
tual confidence, and this confidence Is
nourished by the sincerity of each. As
eocn aa sincerity diminishes, confidence
Ganges, affinities suffer, and Insecurity Is
born. This Is true both In the domain of
material and spiritual interests. "With
people whom we must ceaselessly distrust
it Is as difficult to carry on commerce and
IrduBtry as to seek a scientific truth or
pursue a religious understanding or to
realize justice. "When each one is obliged
to control words and Intentions, and de
part from the principle that all that is
written and said has for aim to servo
your Illusion In place of truth, llfo be
comes strangely complicated. It -Is so for
all of us. There arc too many malignant
ones, diplomats who play an underhand
came, and apply themselves to deceive
each other, and that Is why each one
takes so much pains to Inform himself
ca the things the most simple, and yet
which are of the greatest Import to mm
nelf. Probably what I have Just said will
suffice to indicate my thought and the
experience of each one can bring forth
an ample commentary with Illustrations
to support it. But I am no less anxious
to Insist on this .point, and to surround
inyse'f with examples. In other times
men had but small and Insufficient means
of eommimieatlon between them. It was
legitimate to suppose that In perfecting
:d In multiplying the means of infor
mation they would add to the light. Na
tions learned to love each other in know
ing each other better, the citizens of the
Fame country felt themselves bound by a
closer brotherhood, were better enlight
ened on all things touching their common
life. "When printed works were created
they cried: Flat lux, and with greater
reason yet when the habit of reading and
the taste for newspapers spread. Why did
they not reason thus: Two lights give
more light than one, and several more
than two? The more newspapers and
books there are the better one will know
what Is passing, and those who would
write history after us will be fortunate
they will have their hands full of docu
ments. Nothing seemed more evident.
Alas, they based their reasoning on the
toc!s and calculated without the human
clement which is everywhere the most im
portant factor. So it happened that the
sophists, the crafty, the calumniators,
nil the men with the loosely-hung tongues
who know how better than any .one to
i-ggle with words and pen profited largely
b all these means of multiplying and
spreading thought. What Is the result?
That our contemporaries have all the dlf
f.c; !Ues in the world to know the truth
about their own personal affairs and tholr
owa times. For the few newspapers that
cultivate International good feeling, by
tn aig to teach their neighbors equitably
ard to study them without hidden
thoughts, how many there are that sow
distrust and calumny! How many fictl
tious and unhealthy currents are created
n public opinion, with false stories, ma
levolent Interpretations of facts or words!
o are not much better Instructed on
cur Internal affairs than on foreign coun-, nor on the Interests of commerce.
Industry or agriculture, nor on the politi
cal parties, nor the social tendencies, nor
cf persons Occupied in public affairs, Is It
easy to obtain disinterested Information.
The more one reads the newspapers the
less clearly one sees. There- are days
when, after having read them and admit
ting that one believes their word, the read
er will see himself obliged to draw this
conclusion: "Decidedly there are none but
tarnished mon everywhere." There are
r.o men of integrity but the chroniclers.
But that last part of the conclusion
will fall In Its turn. The chroniclers, in
fact, eat each other. The reader would
have before his eyes a spectacle analo
gous to that represented in the carlca
ture called the combat of the serpents.
After having devoured everything
around them the two reptiles attack
eah other and begin to swallow each
other so that there remain on the bat
tlefleld but two tails.
And, It is not the man of the people
Rlone who Is .thus embarrassed; there
are tho cultivated people, there are al
most everybody. In politics, in finance,
in business, even in science, the arts,
literature and religion, there Is every
where underhand work, plots and wire
-pulling. There is one truth for ex
portation and another for the initiated.
It follows that all are deceived, for,
though one may be of the kitchen he
is never of them all, and the very ones
who deceive others with the greatest
address are deceived in their turn,
when they have need to count upon
the sincerity of another.
The result of this kind of practice is
tho degradation of human speech. It Is
degraded first In the eyes of those who
use it as & vile Instrument. There is no
speech respected or tho debaters, the
fault-finders, the sophists, and all those
who are animated but by the rage of
appearing to be in the right, or the
pretention that their Interests alone
ere respectable. Their chastisement Is
to bo obliged to Judge others by the
rule they follow themselves, which is:
To say that which profits and not that
which is true.
They can no longer take any one se
riously. A sad state of mind for such
as write, speak and teach. How they
must despise their hearers and their
readers to go before them in such a
state of mind! For one who has kept
a foundation of honesty, nothing is
more rovolting than the irony fallen
from one of these acrobats of the pen,
or of speech, who tries to add to the
numbera few more gooi but too con
fiding people. On one hand resignation.
sincerity, the desire for enlightenment.
and on the other tho profligacy that
mocks the public But he does not
Itjow, the liar, how far he deceives
himself. The capital on which he lives
is confidence, and nothing can equal the
confidence of the -people unless it Is Its
distrust as soon as it feels that It is be
trayed Tne public may follow lor a
time these exploiters of simplicity. But
after that Its receptive humor changes
to aversion; the doors that swung wide
open now offer impenetrable wooden
visages, ana ears once open are now
closed. Alas! they close not only to the
evil but to the good also. And it is
there the crime of those who twist and
degrade speech. They shake tho general 1
confidence. We consider the degrada- i
tlon of money as a calamity, the fall In
stocks the ruin of credit, but a greater
misfortune than that is the loss of
confidence, of this moral credit which
honest people accord each other, and
which makes a word circulate like au
thentic money. Down with the coun
terfeiters, the speculators, the wormy
financiers, for they make us suspect i
even the money of the realm! -Down!
with the counterfeiters of the pen and
of speech, for they do what has de
stroyed confidence until no one be
lieves anything or any one any more,
and until the value of what they say
or write resembles those banknotes of
Saint Farce.
It can be seen how von urgent it is
that each one should watch over him
self, guard his tongue, chastise his pen
and aspire toward simplicity. No more
changed meanings, fewer circumlocu
tion, gxot T"nrv ratlcancaa and tar-
"The Simple Life"
By Charles Wagner
giversatlons! They serve but to embroil
us. Be men; have one word. One hour
of sincerity does more for the welfare
of the world than years of profligacy.
A. word now of a National breadth.
and which Is addressed to those who
have the superstition of speech and
the demonstrations of style. Certainly
we must not blame those persons who
enjoy an elegant word or a delicate lit
erature. I am of the opinion that we
can never say what we have to say too
welL Bift it does not follow that the
best said and best written things are
prepared. Words should serve the Tact,
and not substitute, and not cause one
to lose slfuit of it In ornamentation.
The greatest thinss are those which
gain most in being told with simplic
ity, because they show themselves as
they are. Tou do not throw over them
even the transparent veil of fine words,
nor that shadow so fatal to truth which
is called the vanity of the author or
orator. Nothing- is .stronger, nothing
more persuasive than simplicity. There
are sacred emotions, cruel pains, great
devotions, passionate enthusiasms that
one look, one gesture, or one cry would
show plainer than the most beautifully
imvi TiiimB.!. Tii mnnf nrArini: nna.
session in the heart of humiinitr nhows !
itself the most simply. To persuade,
one must be true, and certain truths .
are best understood if they come from
simple lips, infirm odes even, ecs if they
fell from mouths weary with talking,
or proclaimed with th.e full force of the
lungs. These rules are good for every
one in the dally life. No one can Imagr
lne what profit he can gain for his 1
moral life by the constant observation
of this principle, to be true, sober, sim
ple in expression of his sentiments .and
his convictions. In private as in public
never to exceed the measure, lo faith
fully translate that which Is in us, and
above all to remember. That Is the
principal thing.
For, the danger of fine words is that
they live a clean life. They are the
distinguished servitors who have
guarded their titles and do not fulfill
their functions as royal courts offer us
examples. "You have spoken well; you
have written well, is well and suffices."
How many men there have been who
were contented to speak, and who be
lieved that that relieved them of the
obligation of action. And those who have
listened to them contented themselves in
having listened to them. It thus hap
pens that a llfo may consist after all.
but In a few well-turned discourses, a
few fine books, and some good plays. As
to practicing what they so authorita
tively display they rarely think of IL
And if wo pass from the domain of men
of talent to the lower regions which those
hth Lesson in Manual Training
(Instructor In woodworking and pattern-making;
Armour Institute of Technology, Chicago.
Copyright. 1804, by Joseph B. Bowles. Tho
interested read Is advised to clip this article
for reference.)
IT Is often necessary to chamfer or cut
away the corner where two surfaces
meet, as in fig. 49 the word chamfer
being a carpenter's term which Includes
A chamfer may be a flat bevel, as at
A and B in fig. 49, or It may be In the
form of a. groove or curve, as at C and
D, while the term "beveled edge" always
indicates a fiat surface made at any an
gle to the two original surfaces.
An example of beveling Is given in the
hat hook strip, fig. 60. On nearly all
work the bevel- may be made with u.
plane and tested with tho bevel (fig. 29j
set to the desired angle.
It la sometimes necessary to use a
chisel ito make tho bevel, as when the
bevel is stopped off that Is. not contin
ued through the entire length Qf the
In all such cases the chisel must not be
held to cut across the fibers, as at A,
fig. 51, or to cut up against the fibers, as
F1G. 40.
at B, but with the grain, and the chisel
given side or lateral motion, as shown
oy xne GOlteu uncs u.l i,, win til Mill ai
ways cive a clean, smooth cut.
When a plane Is used on the end of the
piece it must be held so that the plane
Iron will cut at an angle of about isae
degrees, as shown by the line XT at E,
and the plane, like the chisel, must be
given a side wise and not a forward
stroke. This will prevent splintering at
the last or out-corner of the cut.
Before returning to the hat hook strip
It will be necessary to give some instruc
tions in mortising and in the use of the
mortise chisel shown at A in fig. 52. These
chisels are thicker and stronger than the
firmer chisels, and are made in all sizes.
The size used must always be of the ex
act width of the required mortise, this
in the case of the hat hook strip being
5-16 Inch.
When preparing for the mortise, first
mark out the length of the mortise, as
shown by the cross lines for three mor-
ill,. 50.
tises on the piece A. fig. 53. The mortise
gauge, shown at B in -fig. -52,, has two
spurs, whose distance 5 apart is regulated
by the screw in the end of the gauge
XJ leas
n 1 . , i
of mediocre gifts exploit: there in that
obscure pell-mellT we will see In action
all those who think we are on the earth
to talk and to hear talking, the immense
and despairing crowd of tajkers, of all
the brawlers, who prattle or perorate,
and after that find that they have not
talked enough. They forget that those
who make the least noise do the most
work. A machine which expends its
steam in whistling has no J more to turn
its wheels. Therefore, cultivate silence.
All that you retrench on the noise you
'will gain In force.
These refleltlons lead us to a neighbor
ing subject, very worthy, also to occupy
our attention. I Artsh to speak of that
which could be called exaggeration of
language. When one studies the people
of one country, one notices among them
differences of temperament of which the.
language bears traces. Here the popula
tion Is rather phlegmatic and calm; It em
ploys diminutives, and lengthened words.
Elsewhere the temperatments . are well
balanced; we hear the word exactly
adapted to the thing. But farther effect
of the sun. the air, the wine, perhaps a
warmer blood flows in the veins; they
have .their "heads close to their bonnets"
and expression, runs to extrerries; super
latives enamel the language, and to say
the. most simple things they, use
strongest terms.
If the manner of language yarics. ac
cording to climates, It differs also ac
cording -to the different epochs. Compare
the language written and spoken in these
times with that of certain other periods
in our history. Under the ancient regime
they spoke differently from tho time of
the revolution, and we have not the same
language used by men of 1S30, of 1S48, or
the Second Empire. In general the lan
guage has a simpler form now; we have
no more wigs; we do not sit down to
order laco cuffs; but one sign differen
tiates us from almost all our ancestors,
our nervousness, the source of our exag
gerations. Under these excited nervous systems, a
little sickly and God knows that to be
nervous is no longer a privilege belonging
to the aristocracy words do not produce
the same effect as on the normal man.
And. In inverse ratio, to the nervous man,
the term simple does not suffice when he
seeks to explain what he feels. In ordi
nary life, in public life, In literature
and in the theater the calm and sober
language has given place to an excessive
violence. The meanr which novelists and
comedians have employed to galvanize
public mind and force Its attention, finds
Itself at the rudimentary state in our most
ordinary conversations, in the epistolary
style, and, above all. In the polemic. Our
manners of language are to those of the
calm and Imposing man what our writing
Directions for Making Hat-Hook Strips; How Beveling Is Done; Mortising.
stem, and is used to mark the two paral
lel lines Showing the width of the mor
tise, which in all cases must be the ex
act width . of the mortlso chisel used.
FIQ. 51.
When mortising the position of the op
erator mit always be at the end not
at the side of tho work, thus enabling
him to see that the chisel Is held perpen
dicular to the surface being mortised. It
FIG. 02.
Is also the best position for prying out
the shavings cut by the chisel.
Clamp tho piece firmly to the bench,
and with a wooden mallet drive the- chisel
into the middle of the space marked off,
as shown at B, but not so deep that It
cannot be easily drawn out. Next set
the chisel 1-16 inch back from the open
ing thus mado and cut down a shaving to
a still greater depth at C, and continue
cutting down and increasing thedepth at
each successive cut until the full depth
of tho mortise is gained.
Pry out the shavings and continue cut
ting down the end cf the opening to the
full depth each time, until the end of the
mortise is reached, as at D.
Reverse the front of the chisel, and in
the same way cut the opposite end of
the mortlso until completed, as shown at
E Do not try to Blnk the mortise a lit-
FIG. tri.
tie at a time, but at every cut, after a full
depth opening has been made, drive tho
chisel to the bottom of the mortise. If
the shavings are not removed from ttr.o
to time, the Incomplete mortise will re
semble tho enlarged view shown at F.
In no case should a chisel be used whoso
edge will not reach from line to line
tno zuu wiatn ot tne mortise, as an par-
Ing or trimming of the sides of tho mor
tise should be avoided ag that will make
K niwu ii j iL.y i iiujl. Jjj
fq JW -fori
A'f i'"1 mjj ifi. tiL i i i ml
24 -
f II IIHWI HUM II II ml I I V-f"-l 3L.
is compared with that of our fathers.
They blame it to steel pena. If that were
only true!
The geeae will save us then. But tne
evil lies deeper and is in ourselves. We
have the writings of perturbed and dis
ordered ones, while the pens of our lore
fathers traced over paper in surer and.
more reposeful mariner. Hero we are fac
ing one of the results of that modern Jure
which Is so complex and which consumes
our energy to such a terrible degree, it
leaves us Impatient, breathless and in
perpetual trepidation. Our literature, like.
our language, feels it and betrays U3.
From the effect let us return to tho source
and understand tho warning thus given
us. What good can come of that habit of
exaggeration of one's language? Unfaith
ful interpreters of our own impressions.
we cannot .help but bend tho spirit of our
fellow-men and our own by our exagger
ations. JPeople who continually exagger
ate cease to" understand each other. The
result of Intemperate speech Is Irritation
of dispositions.vViolent and sterile discus
sions, precipitate Judgements without
bounds and the gravest excesses in edu
cation and social relations.
Permit me in this appeal "for pimple J
speech to formulate a wish' whose accom
plishment would havo the happiest -result.
I ask for a simple literature, not only as
one of the best remedies for our worn-out
souls, overdriven, wearied of eccentrici
ties, but also as a gauge and jource of
social uqlon. I ask also for a simple
art. Our arts and our literature are re
served to those privileged by fortune and
education. But, let me be well under
stood. I do not ask poets, novelists, nor
artists, to descend from their heights to
walk half way and content themselves
with mediocrity, but on the contrary" to
mount still higher. It 1 popular, not
that which pleases a certain class: of
society that is of common accord called
popular. That Is popular which is com
mon to all and which unites them. ho
sources of the inspiration of which may
bp born a simple art are in the depths' of
the fieman heart; in the eternal realities
of life before which all are equal. And
the sources of popular language areVto
be sought In the small number of simple
and strong forms such as express the
elementary Sentiments and the most
powerful lines of human destiny. In that
lie truth, grandeur and Immortality. Is
there not in such an Ideal the means of
Inflaming the young people, who, feeling
the warmth of the beautiful and sacred
fire, know pity and prefer to the disdain
ful adage, "Odl profanum vulgus"
that word otherwise human, "Misereor
super turbam"? As to myself, I have no
artistic authority, but among tho crowd
where I live I have the right to lift my
voice toward those who have talent and
to say to them, "Work for those who are
forgotten. Make yourself understood of
the humble. Thus would you do a work
of enfranchisement and pacification; tnus
you will open again the sources where
the masters of old drew their inspiration,
those masters whose creations have de
fied ages because they knew how to
clothe their genius with slmpllcty."
(Copyright 1904 by the J. S. Ogilvie Pub
ashing Company, New York, .and printed
: by arrangement with them.)
the width below the surface uneven and
irregular. Such trimming will bo en
tlrely unnecessary It the operator care
fully follows directions already given
When the mortise 13 to bo cut through
and through, as Is often the case, the
cross lines shown at A, fig. 53, are con
tinucd, using the try-square, across the
edge of the piece and around on the op
posite side, and the mortise gauge again
used on the second side, as on the first.
The mortise is then mado one-half way
through from each side.
In fig. 54 we show a working plan of the
hat rack strip, with all sizes and dis
tances marked. The mortises will be J
5-16 inch wide, and must bo made through I
ana tnrougn in the 'way. directed above.
After mortising it Is' next marked for
beveling, as shown by the dotted lines
'rich In eacn direction.
This marking must not be done with the
spur of the gauge, which would cut and
deface the work, but instead a lead pen
cil is used m the following way:
Bemovo the gauge head from the stem
and tightly clamp ttho back end of the
stem In tho bench vlso (to prevent split
ting), and with a one-quarter-inch auger
bit bore a hole through the stem near its
Bore with care, and as soon as the
tcrew point of the bit begins to come
through, remove the auger bit and finish
boring tho hole from the opposite side.
This will prevent the bit from splinter
ing the gauge stem, as it would if forced
through and through from the first side.
The gauge head may now be replaced
on the stem, and a small piece of lead
pencil fitted into tho hole thus made.
The gauge head can bo adjusted to any
required distance from the pencil point,
and used in the same way as with the
spur point. This arrangement Is Illus
trated In fig. 55. Always plane the bevel
on the ends of the strip first, which will
enable any splintering at the corners to
fbe removed when beveling the sides.
testing with the bevel set to an angle of
45 degrees.
We are now ready for the hooks or
pins, which are made as follows:
Prepare a strip of wood 16 Inches long.
FIG. 65.
seven-eighths of an inch wide and three
quarters of an inch in thickness.
After planing the strip to theso dimen
sions, cut off three pieces, each four
and three quarters inches long, and mark
them off as shown at A in fig. 55. This
marking must bo on the two opposite
sides of each piece. Saw down the
shoulders at A and at B with the back:
saw, and with the saw first, and then,
with the chisel cut away tho wood at
X and V.
Next plane off Iho wood at S, and with
the dividers sot to a radius of inch.
mark the upper curve for the head of the
pin. and lastly change tho radius to
inch, and from a point A on the first
curve connect that curve with the edge
at S.
vrith a chisel and-a cabinet file (fig. 33)
carefully cut away all wood outside of
the curved lines, when the result will be
as shown at B. Now taper off with the
plane the two sides as shown at C. The
two upper corners are next beveled with
chisel and file, as shown In tho two views
of the finished pin at D In fig. 50. At B
jand E, fig. 56 are given two views of a
! ) 4 V J'
! IL-i H TT
slightly different form of head for the
pin, which may be used in place of the
first described. The radius for the upper
end curve Is inch, all other dimensions
being the same.
In fig. C7 there Is shown tho same strip
with the beveled edges stopped off op
posite to each of the three pins. v There
is a change in the position of the two
end mortises only, and, aa will be read
ily seen, the stopping off of he beveled
edires will -tidd creatlv to the aDoearance
of the strip.
The angle at tho ends of tho stopped
bevel is 45 degrees, and Is marked by us
ing tho bevel (fig. 39) set to that angle.
The work of beveling must be done by
first stopping the bevels off square, as
shown at A in fig. 57. Then, after hav
ing finished the bevel true and smooth.
tho angles are carefully pared off, as in-
dlcated on onp of the corners at C.
We commend this form of hat hook
strip to the beginner as being an excel
lent exercise for chisel practice. Both
should first be mado of pine for practice
after which, if desired, they may be
made of quartered oak or soma .other of
the finer grained woods. Before insert
ing the pins both strip and pin should
be sandpapered smooth.
If the wood is fine, first use No.-1, after
ward finishing with No. 0 sandpaper.
Should oak or other hard wood be used.
No-1 first, then No. 0 will be needed.
California at the
1905 Fair
Fine Spirit of Co-Operation Pre
vails Between the Golden Stats and
(By Rufua P; Jennings. executive officer of
the California Promotion Committee, the Stat a
Central Organization, la the Portland Chamber
of Commerce Bulletin.)
IT i3 most gratifying to me that the
editor of this paper has requested me
to say a few words as to what Cali
fornia will do toward the Dewls and
Clark Centennial Exposition. The request
implies tho existence of a condition of
mutual co-operation between the Pacific
Coast states, and I am glad to say that
the mutual feeling of the California pro
motion committee and the commercial
bodies of Oregon has already resulted In
much good to both Oregon and California
I believe that it will accomplish greater
good m years to come, and that the fu
turo will always see California. Oregon
and Washington pulling together.
The Interest which California is taking
in the Lewis and Clark Exposition is
largely, in my opinion, an evidence of the
spirit of co-operation which prevails be
tween Oregon and California. I do not
think it is founded upon the purely com
merclal desire to exploit our goods, but
rather to pay a tribute to a great sister
state, and give an earnest expression of
our regard. The time was when there
were many who assorted that the Inter
ests of California, Oregon and Washlng-
4 ton were in a measure rival Interests.
Now a broader, more liberal view has
happily come to pass, and almost any
fair-minded citizen of these states will be
disposed to admit that-what is of benefit
to one portion of the Pacific Coast is of
benefit to all, and that should misfortune
overtake any part of the Coast it would
Inevitably be shared by the entire Coast.
I feel that this spirit of co-operation has
a most .important bearing upon the great
Lewis and Clark Centennial. When
was In Portland a few months ago as the
guest of 2lr. Tom Richardson, of the
Portland Commercial Club, and was en
tertained In your beautiful Bose City,
felt that though there was not ono sec
tion on the Pacific Coast which would
suit everybody, yet there was upon the
Coast localities for every one.
There's room for every one. What we
want Is to get the population rolling west
ward. We want more manufactories and
more people. We want more men to cul
tivate the soil and more wealth to de
velop our natural resources. It is al
most two years ago since President
Roosevelt, appreciating our vast wealth
in natural resources, said that the Pa
clfic Ocean was destined to lead In car
rying the world's commerce. It was not
a prophecy; it was a statement of fact.
Wo of California realize how greatly the
Lewis and Clark Centennial will hasten
our destiny, and the plans now laid be
speak an enthusiastic co-operation on the
part of Ouifornia In your great centen
nial. which, in a way, belongs in part to
us, because it is of the Pacific Coast. We
must all pull together to rapidly increase.
As lyet the total Imports of the Pacific
Coast for the year ending June 30, ISOi,
were $57,497,635, as against f779.237.lS3 for
the Atlantic Coast ports, and that our
exports wero $65,752,S16. as against $S97,
124,803 on the other side of the continent.
That is the Atlantic Coast sends out and
brings in about $12 worth of goods for
every dollar on the Pacific. Tet there
are those who confidently state that at
no distant time tho Pacific Coast will
I am glad to state at this time that Cal
dfornlans generally will attend the Ex
California will bo present on the open
hing of tho Exposition. President Gooda
I) has tendered tho California Promotion
Continued From Page 40.
would we not give- to have a history at
taching to our "mountains, lakes and
waterfalls, reaching back 2000 years. It Is
the historic and literary associations
which give their charm to the English
lakes. One can look up at the High Street
Range and picture Roman legions march
Ing to battlo against the naked, or skin
clad Picts and Scots. Ono can pass over
the Dunmall Raise on the road from
Windermere to Keswick and hear tho
story of how Dunmall, the last British
King of Cumbria, gathered all his forces
in a last effort to drive out the Saxons,
and of how ho was killed and his army
almost exterminated. Ono can view the
scenes which inspired the songs of somo
of Em-land s sweetest slncrers. and vlo so
from the very points where they looked
upon them.
The Pacific Coast States glory in nat
ural beautien, with which those of tho
English lakes and mountains are not to
be compared, and are worthy to be sung
by poets as great as any who ever dwelt
in this fair land, but they lack tne his
torio associations to fire the imagination
I have traveled up Lake Chelan on
steamer and craned my neck to seo the
summit of Castle Mountain, 13,000 feet
above the sea; I have stood on the sum'
mlt of tho Cascades and seen a forest of
snow-peaks around me. But there was
nothing on Lake Chelan to tell of men
who preceded those now living, except
some rude paintings made by Indians on
tho face of a cliff. White man's history
in the Cascades related to prospectors and
railroad engineers of this generation. The
milder beauties of English scenery gain
an added charm from tho fact that the
Imagination can people It with those who
enacted the stirring events Of bygone cen
turics. -1. . IX.
Committee, which represents the com
mercial bodies of California, an invita
tion to be present on this occasion. The
.committee on behalf of tho State of Cali
fornia, has acepted the invitation, and Is
most "deeply appreciative of the courtesy.
Tha leading organizations throughout
California have indorsed this excursion
to be given under the allspices of the
committee. Several special trains will
take representative business men of all
parts of California to the Exposition. Our
orators, the Governor of California, the
presidents of our two leading universities.
will be among those who take part. Pres
ident David R, Francis, of tha Louisiana
Purchase Exposition, will also be with us,
well as editors of leading Eastern
magazines, newspaper correspondents.
and others. In fact, this excursion will
be California's official call upon -the Ex
position. It will be the largest and most
representative excursion which has ever
gone out of California, and. needless to
say, will be conducted with that observ
ance of etiquette requisite upon an occa
sion of such importance; yet It will not
bo lacking in that friendly warmth be
tween those who have mutual respect and
hold their alms in common.
I have been very pleased to note that
the exhibit which, will be made by Cali
fornia will be fresh and original, so that
those .who have this year visited the St.
Louis Fair will see California differently
exhibited In general at Portland. Most
liberal sums have already been appropri
ated in furtherance of special exhibits at
tho Exposition. Many have taken very
early action in this matter, and the work
of the Lewis and Clark representatives
who have been in California calling their
further attention to the Exposition has
been most fruitful in It3 Tesults. The
press throughout California Is very gen
erous In Its notice toward the Lewis and
Clark Exposition, and has urged our -citizens
generally to take a part. The State
of California, It Is believed, will make a
good appropriation. Governor Pardee,
who has already visited Portland,, and
conferred with President Goode, Is hear
tily In favor of every possible co-cpera-
tlon by California. The California Pro
motion Committee and its affiliated or
ganizations throughout the state will be
active on behalf of the Lewis and Clark
Centennial,, and while space in this arti
cle does not permit me to enumerate all
the details, I am glad to assure the men
of Portland and Oregon that California
will bo represented at their Exposition In
manner in accordance with her tradi
The California Promotion Committee
has taken up with tha railroads the mat
ter of having tickets for delegates to con
ventions to be held In California in lOOo
read so that they may be routed via Port
land, either coming or going. The Trans
continental Passenger Association, at Its
October meeting, took favorable action
upon this suggestion. Among the conven
tions which will meet in California are
those of the National Association of Chiefs
of Police, the Christian Church Conven
tion, the National Creamery ButtermaK
ers Convention, ana otners. vve Deueve
that many who visit Portland will return
via California, and we feel that every
courtesy In return will be apreclated,
The California Promotion Committee, at
Its headquarters in San Francisco, will
be glad to distribute any literature per
tainlng to the Portland Exposition, and
we always say a good word to Inquirers
about Oregon and Washington.
In conclusion, California is planning
an exposition in 1913. This will be the
Pacific Ocean Exposition. It will com
memorate the. discovery of the Pacific by
Balboa 400 years before, and will signal
ize the opening of the Panama Canal. As
a Pacific Ocean Exposition it is fitting
that all states and territories whose in
terests are advanced by the development
of the Pacific Ocean should make vigorous
and united effort to make this celebra
tlon successful. I know that the people
of Oregon will assist in the Pacific Ocean
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Dersut-Reyflle, $1 per bmtile, express paid.
DenaaReyaIo Soap, 25 Ceats, by raail.
Both la He packags, $1.25, express paid.
? octrois aad ttrttaenUli tent oa request.
I weaaveznadethacareof blood polsonsspoeialty
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Vsaltb AspUancw O. O. Q Ssattle. Wmh.
Line Steamers
Direct ltna for XoSetPs, 8c. Martin's and
Collins Hot Springs. Conneatlns. at Lyle,
Wash., with Columbia River St Northern Ry.
Co.. for Goldencals and Klickitat Valley
roSata. Tir ic-ot of Alder street. Phohs
jiala 814. &. M' DONALD. Ageau
For South - Eastern Alaska
TACOMA tt P. M., aay pr
vlous, steamships ClTx" Oy
SEATTLE, Nov. IB, a can.
ins at ii-oiccman. jjoujflas,
Juneau ana bxagway; ilijil
IbOLDT. Nov. 11. 24, via. Vic
toria; COTTAGE CITY. Nor.
7, VX. via. Vancouver, Sitka,
and Kllllsnoo; ROMONA for
Vancouver. Monday. Wtdnea.
day and Friday. 1 .
Eteers connect at San Fraclsco with com
pany's steamers tor ports la California. Mex
ico and Humboldt Baj. For further Inform,
tlca obtain folder RlBht 1 1r.e'ry to Changs
steamers or salting date. City of Seattle does
not call at TVrangell or British Columbia ports.
Port'a-d 2-19 Washington st.
Sattle.. ,...113 James st, and Dock
6aa Ftunclsco ....10 Market sC
C. D. DUNANN, Gen. Pass. Ast .
ax Union Pacific
Tarouch Pullman standard and tourist sle
Ins-cars dally to Omaha. Cblcaso. Spokaaej
touxlat sleeping-car daily to Kansas City;
throuxh Pullman tourist sleeplns-car person
ally conducted) weekly to Chicago. Reclining
c&airx&rs (seats free) to the East dally.
0:15 A. iL
5:25 P. it
SPECIAL lor ins Kast
Dally. '
via HuaUcrton.
ilfOliAJii: JTLiVJOlt.
U;13f. M.
3:CO A. U.
Daily.. ;
for astera Varurg
ton. Walla Walla,
lstoa, Coeur o'JUene
and Gnat Nortatic
lor tha East via Hunt
;15 P. it.
;:15 A. AC
8:00 P. AL
10:00 P. M.
6:ou E. ili
itay points, connecting
trim steamer lor IIwa-
Dally. I
and North Beach
steamer Hassalo. Ash
street deck (water per.)
7:00 A. ii.
Suncay. .
J:3o V. ii
son City and xamnlll
DUy. .
except '
Klver points steamers
Modoc and Butli. Ana-
street dock (water per.;
l;tO A. iL
rlday. '.
Idaho, and way points
from Rlparla, Wash.
steamers bpokans ana
Third and t ashlnstoa.
Telephone llala 712.
For San Francisco, every five days from
Atnsworth dock S. S. Geo. W. Elder. Dec.
12; S. S. Columbia, ,Dc. 7, IT. Sailing
from Alnsworth dock, 8 P. M. .
For Yokohama ud Boss Kons. calllns at
Kobe. Nagasaki and Shanghai, taking freight
via connecting steamers lor Manila. Port Ar
thur and Vladivostok; S. S. Numactla. Tec. 8;
S. S. Arabia. Dec 31. For freight and turtner
particulars apply to .
Tslephona llaln 388. Upnor Alaslu. Dock.
lor balem, Rose-
7:25 A.
burr. Ashland. &c-
rameato. ugden. aaa
irra&cisco. iiojavo,
Los AcselcA El
Paso. New Orleans
ind the East.
S:20A. M.
Mom ins tram con.
7:10 P. X.
nects at Woodbum
(dally except bua
cay. with train lor
Mount Angel. bUlver-
ion. Rrownavuie.
gpringueia, wena
Bins and Natron.
Albany passenger
io:ia a. a
connects at wood.
turn with Mt. Angel
and Slrvsrtoa local.
7:SO A. iL
ll JM P. M.
:30 P. Mi
118:25 A. M.
Co ml 11 passenger.
Ehencan passenger.
Dally. U Dally, except aunaay.
t, Portland dally tor Osweao t 7:30 A.
M. 12:50. 2:05. 3:25. 5:20. 7:45, 10:10 P.
m' Dally, except Sunday, 6:30. 6:30, S:a5,
105 A. M., '-W. 11:30 P. M. Sunday; ouly,
8 A. M.
Rctumlnx from Oswego arrivs Portland dally
fitSO K. i. 1:55, a:0o. 4:S5, 805. 7:35. 9:53,
11-10 "P H.' IaUy except- Sunday, 6:25, 75.
B 30 10:20. 11:45 A. M. Except Monday, 12:25
AM. Sunday only. lO:0o A. M.
Tva from same depot lor Dallas and later
mdfaVto pXta dally ; except ounday. 4 P. M.
Arriv Portland, 10:20 A. M.
Tho Independence-Monmouth motor line oper
tM daily to Monmouth and Alrlle. connecting
with STP Co trains at Dallas and Independ-
lrst-class fare from Portland to Sacramenca
Eaa Francisco, 2p; berth, . Second
SsSsfare J15; second-class berth. i50. .
ckeuT to Eaotem points and Europe, Also
r. Jvr, rhZn Honolulu and Australia.
JCrrY ICKOT OFFIC& corner Third and
WMhllistoa streets. Phone Main 712.
Depart. Arrive.
Puget Sound Limited for
Tacoma, Seattle, Olympla.
SouthBend and Gray's
Harbor points ... 8:80 am 5:30 pss
Korth Coast Limited lor
Tacoma, Seattle, Spokane,
uBtteTst. Paul, New York.
Boston and all points East
and Southeast 3:00 pa 7.-00 aa
Twin City Express, for
Tacoma, Seattle. Spokane.
Helena. St. Paul. Mlnne-
Booton and all points East
and Southeast 11:45 pm 7:00 pra
pugot Sound-Kansas Clty-
St. Louis Special, for
Tacoma. Seattle, Spokane,
Butte, Billings. Denver.
Omaha. Kali saw City. St.
Louis and all points East
and Southeaat ....,. 8:30 am 7:00 am
All trains dally, except on South Bend branch,
A. D. CHARLTON. Assistant General Pas
genser Agent, 255 Morrison St., corner Third.
Portland. Or.
Astoria & Columbia
.River Railroad Co.
Leaves. UNION DEPOT. Arrive.
Ealiy. For May jf era, Rainier, -nail-.
Clatskanle. Westport.
Clifton. Astoria, War
3:04 A, M. renton. Flavei, Ham- uaoA-K.
mono. Fort Stevens,
Qearbaxt Park. Sea-
side, Astoria and Sea
shore. Express Dally.
TrO P. M. Astoria Express. 9:40 p. if.
Dally. J
Camm'l Ast.. 24S Alder f O E .& J A
Phoos Main 806L
City Ticket Office1, 122 3d st, Pheas Ms.
The Flysr and the Fast Mali.
Zer Tickets. Bates, Folders and full In
formation, call on or address
U. DICKSON, City Passenger and Ticket
Act.. 132 Third street, Portland, Or.
for Japan, China and all Asiatic Porta, trill
A wM ...I - - i .