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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (June 21, 1903)
WASHINGTON, June 15. (Special
Correspondence.) The finger-print
has been adopted by the Depart
ment o Commerce and Labor as a check
upon the Trtly smuggler of Chinese la
borers. Bach Immigration official charged
with the examination of celeatlal appli
cant for admission to our ports and
frontier stations has been studying and
rehearsing the role of Puddln'head "Wil
son for several weeks. But this Is not
the only novel feature of the relentless
campaign to bo "waged against the Chi
nese smuggler by Commissioner General
of Immigration Sargent.
The finger-print scheme is to be com
bined' with the Bertlllon system of Identi
fication, first practically employed In
'jTroace In 18S3 and now generally used
'throughout the civilized world as a safe
1 guard against false personation. Closer
tab Is therefore to be kept upon lnad
iznlsslble Chinese laborers than Is com
monly kept upon dangerous criminals.
A Chief Pnddin'head.
A central bureau . at Washington "will
keep on file hundreds of cardboard
v squares, each bearing two finger-prints,
two photographs and a dozen anthro
(pometrlc measurements. Dr. Michael
Gallagher will be the Puddln'head TVT1
' Bon-ln-chlef of this clearing house. "With
reading glass In hand he will study the
various Impressions of the Mongolian
Uglts and classify them according to
I their arches, loops, whorls and com
posites. Impressions of tho right thumb and
right middle finger only will be placed
upon each card in appropriate spaces at
itho right of the two photographic iews.
The latter will be full face and profile
A Bet of Improved anthropometric in
struments has been supplied to each
Chinese Inspector, who now has a neatly
equipped laboratory Your correspond
,ent was permitted to photograph the new
instruments and their arrangement In
the model laboratory. Against the wall
I stands a wooden cross, graduated ver
tically and horizontally into centimeters
and millimeters. Against this the Chi
nese immigrant doubtless frightened at
the suggestion of crucifixion must stand
'with arms outstretched, while his height
and arm reach are 'being measured. Up
on a shelf fixed to the foot of the cross
he must seat himself while his sitting
.height is being taken. Close by is a
Btand strewn with calipers for measuring
head lengths and head widths, a yellow
'rule for locating moles, scars, etc., and
two sizes of scales similar to those used
Trinity Chapel, Nineteenth and Wash
ington streets, Dr. A. A. Morrison, rector
Holy communion, 8 A. M.; morning
' prayer and sermon, 11; evening prayer, 8;
Sunday school, 9:20 A. M. The Right Rev.
Bishop Morris will administer the rite of
confirmation at the evening service.
St. Mark's, corner Nineteenth and
Qulmby streets, the Rev. John E. Simp
son, rector Holy communion, S A. M.;
matins, litany and sermon, 11 A. M.; even
, song and sermon. S P. M.; Sunday school,
8:45 A. M.
' All Saints', Twenty-second street, riear
Heed, Rev. E. T. Simpson in charge Holy
'communion. 8 A. M.; morning prayer.
10:30 A. M.; holy communion and sermon,
! 11 A. M. Special memorial service for vlc
ptlms of the Heppner disaster. S P. M. At
jlthls service a collection will be taken to
?be sent for the relief of the sufferers.
St. Matthew's, corner First and Ca
ruthcra streets. Rev. W. A. M. Breck in
; charge Morning prayer and sermon, 11;
Sunday school, 9:45 A. L
j. Gresham, Rev. W. A. M. Breck in charge
Service and holy communion In Baptist
' Church. 8 P. M.
St. Stephen's Chapel. Thirteenth and
Clay streets, Rev. Thomas Nell Wilson,
i minister Morning prayer and sermon, 11;
1 Sunday school. 9:45 A. M.
i Grace, Twelfth and Taylor streets. Rev.
J. R. Lathrop. D. D., pastor Preaching,
30:30 A. M.J address by Miss Bonnie Ruth
Warren, National field deacpness for the
J. Woman's Home Missionary Society, 7:45
( P M., on deaconess work.
I Clark, corner Eighteenth and Relelgh
p streets Preaching. 11 A. M.: platform
I meeting of St. Paul Brotherhood. 3:30
T M.; preaching. 8 P. M.. by Dr. Lw E.
'Hockwell, followed by Lord's Supper.
First, corner Twelfth, and Taylor streets,
i Rev. Alexander Blackburn, D. D., pastor
Prayer for the day, 10:15 A. M.: sermon,
"The Voice of God In the Storm" and
talk to the children, "School Is Out."
30:30 A. M.; sermon on "Nathaniel, the
j Guileless Disciple," 7:45 P. M. Sun-
day schools Savler-Street. C. A. Lewis,
euperlntendent, 9 A. M.; University
Park, A. O. Haines, superintendent, 10
-A. M.; Home school. J. G. Malone, super
intendent. 12 M.; Chinese school. W. L.
Bartlett, superintendent. 7 P. ?,L; young
peoplo meeting, leader. Vernon E. Floyd,
16:30 P. M. Music Quartet and chorus, led
j by G. F. Martin; Miss Kathrync Llnehan
I tit the organ; MJss Mable Johnson, solo
''lst. University Park Sunday school, 10
i A. M-: gospel service In the evening, con
f ducted by members of the First Church.
Calvary, comer Eleventh and Clay
streets. Rev. W. S. Gilbert, pastor Ser-
xnon. 30:30 A. M.. on "Tho Race, the Goal
' and the Prlzo"; sermon, 7:45 P. M.. pn
I "Confession." Music by chorus choir;
' Miss Margaret Lamberson. director; Miss
1 Brown, soprano; H. V. Mllllgan, organist.
St. James. West Park and Jefferson
Etreets, Rev. J. A. Leas, pastor Owing to
Liio pasiur s uufence irum mo ciij, mere I
will bo no earvlcee: Sunday school, 12 M.; i
' Luther League, 7 M. i
I nitnrlan. J
, First. Yamh'i nd Seventh, Rev. George I
Croswell Cres; D. D., pastor Service, 11
. A. M.; discoMrsf on "The Heppner Trag-
edy and the Goodness and Omnipotence of
God". Sunday school. 12:30 P. M.
People's Christian Union.
Allsky building, corner Morrison and
Third streets; fJe. Coulter. pastor-Devo-
Splrltuallty"; Bible study, 32:15 P. M.;
Harmony Club Y. P. A.. 8 P. M. Special
music at all the services by the orchestra
and chorus choir.
Second. Auditorium "building. Third i
tucvi. w craimon-crv-
Jccs. 31 A. M.,and S P. M.. subject "Chris-
tlan Science": Sunday School at close of
morning service; W ednesday testimonial
meeting. S P. M.; free reading room open
dally from 10 A. M. until 5 P. M.
Artisans Hall. Ablngton building. Third
near Washington street Lecture. 31 A. "M.,
by William Fretts, of New York, on "Other
Inhabited Worlds"; monthly musical fes
tival. 7:45 P. M., conducted by Mrs. E.
F. Hanna; lecture by Charles F. Goode
and C C Affolter. followed br Mrs. Por
Artisan Hall, Abblngton building Lec
ture by Dr. J. L. York, on "What Wo Owe
the Dead." 2P.M.
Grand Army Hall, First and Taylor
streets Services, 3 P. M.
Y. I. C. A.
Association auditorium Men's meeting,
S:S0 P. M-; address by Rev. W. B. Hollings-
, n the eiry e-HcmeHEs r
1 1 1
by shoemakers for estimating lengths of i
. fee, arms, fingers and ears. Other ac- i
cessorles are a standard weighing scale. !
cases ior nung away me cams ana u. ;
pad for making finger-prints. "
Malting- the Prints, j
The finger-prints are taken by the
"rolling process. Each Oriental is in- j
strutted to place the designated finger '
upon the Inked surface of the pad, the
nail turned toward his left, and then to j
roll the finger over until the nail faces ,
the right. This gives a complete lm- I
presslon of the ridged surface of tho
linger end. '
The cards will be indexed according to j
head lengths. Two head lengths measur- j
Ing the same will be subclasslfled accord
Ing to bead widths. Where both head j
lengths and head r. Jdths are identical the
sublndex will be tho length of the middle j
finger, and so on down the classification I
of the library bureau anthropometric '
chart, which has been adopted. i
Surer than tho anthropometric measure- :
ments are these finger prints in this re- i
spect: It has been scientifically proven
that the arches, loops, whorls and com- j
posltes traced in delicate design upon the '
finger end of a new-born Infant will re- I
tain their relation unchanged -even after j
that same infant has matured to man- '.
hood, died of old age and has been laid
1 away In his tomb. The fingers of Egyp- !
tlan mummies are found to retain this
delicate lathe work of nature for cen- .
turies. Indeed, only decomposition of j
tissue can obliterate it. i
The value of finger impressions as j
means of identification was first estab- i
lished in India. They had been em- I
ployed in centuries past among various
nations, but partly in superstitious and !
partly In ceremonial usages. In India I
the British officials were met with a prob- j
lem which faces all Caucasians dealing
with Orientals the difficulty of identlfl- j
cation. The eye of the white man cannot i
well discriminate between two Orientals, j
Added to this was the natural craftiness
of the Asiatic. Impersonation Is one of j
his fortes. We have been faced with the j
same problem in endeavoring to enforce i
the Chinese exclusion acts.
Wide Use In India.
Tho use of finger Impressions for fixing
identity seems to have been first applied
by Slr William Herschel some years ago,
when he was attached to. the British In
dian civil service. He went so far as to
insist that all natives admitted to reg'.s
tration affix their finger marks to the
register. The system has now been
nrlnntofl iv thA TinllnA ilnnflrfmpnt rtf In
dia. It hs hopn intrndnrpri intn All i
branches of that colony's public business.
All military and civil pensioners are re
quired to Imprint tho designs of their fin
head, on "A Clean Man"; solo by Miss
Jean M. Shupp. '
Berea Mission, Second and Jefferson
streets. Rev. J. H. Allen, pastor Sermon
30:30 A. M., "The Scripture Warrant for
Shouting the Praises of God Aloud"; 7:30
P. M., "Bible Proof of the Second Coming
EAST SIDE CHURCHES.
St, David's, corner Twelfth and Belmont
streets. Rev. George B. Van Waters, D.
D., rector Holy communion in chapel, 8
A, M.; morning prayer and sermon, 31 A.
M.; evening prayer and sermon. S P. M.
The Right Rev. B. Wistar Morris. D. D.,
will deliver th.e sermon and administer the
rite of confirmation. Vested choir of men
and boys; G. Eseman, choirmaster and
St. Paul's, Woodmere Services, 3 P. Ml;
Sunday School, 2 P. M.
Our Savior, Woodstock Morning prayer
and sermon. 31 A, M.; Sunday School, 10
Good Shepherd, corner Vancouver avenue
and Sellwood street, Upper Alblna; Rev.
H. D. Chambers, rector Holy communion.
8 A. 3L; morning prayer. Litany and ser
mon, 11 A. M.; evening prayer and sermon,
8 P. M.
St. Andrews Chapel, Peninsular; Rev. H.
D. Chambers, rector Sunday School 2:30
P. M.; service and sermon, 3:30 P. M.
Sunnyside. corner of East Taylor and
East Thirty-Fourth streets; Rev. J. J.
Staub, pastor Sunday School. S. C. Pier,
superintendent. 10 A. M.; preaching, 11 A.
M., on "The Mainspring of Christianity";
Young People's Society, 7 P. M., led by
George Ross; regular evening service
omitted in favor of union meeting In inter
ests of Y. M. C. A, work for Sunnyside.
Hassalo Street, East Seventh and Has
calo streets. Rev. C. E. Chase, pastor-
THE -RACE QUESTION
W. W. Landrum. of Alanta, In the
New York Sun.
tffr ANITY on the negro question is
coming. There Is now less heat
and more light on the problem.
Optimism, on the part of ncgrophiles, van
ishes after a generation of facts. Pessi
mism, cherished by the negrophoblsts. Is
proved to be a nightmare.
"Meliorism marks the present temper of
sober thinkers. The rflent youth, the men
and women in this section who do most
for the negro and say tho least about it,
are more hopeful of the future than ever
"This element are not gnostics on th
one. hand, or the doctrinaires who profess
to be able to forecast the outcome of the
race during the twentieth century, nor are
they easy-going agnosltlcs on the other.
They belong to the Pauline class of seers.
They aro merognostlc. They Bay, 'We
know In part, and we prophecy in part.'
"Whether the negro will bo this or that
or the other, one century or twenty cen
turies to come, does not greatly concern
his best friends in the South today. Pres
ent duty is plain.
"By common consent. North and South,
he is today not so much the ward of the
Nation as the charity pupil of Southern
Christianity and patriotism. Politically,
. ... j,
appears. Socially, whatever abortive at-
to reverse racial Instincts, the negro 1b
universallr shut out of Anjdo-Saxon
"Industrially, educationally, religiously.
the black man may expect to receive not
only justice, but generosity, at tho hands
of ne silent South. Tho sectional con-
. sdence awakes to find a new door of op-
j pcrtunity to do rational and helpful work
i for tho Inferior race, now that his political
i ani social subordination are preached by
j the saints, sages and statesmen of the
country from one end to the other. For
' the first time since reconstruction the si-
J lcnt South feols the force of noblesse
i "AU Americans, unless there bo ono in
mo nignesi piace in uie nation wno con
spicuously dissents, having agreed to let
the South settle the social relations of the
negro and according to their own code of
ethics and time-honored conventionality,
tho South, the silent South, at all events,
that eschews partisan politics except In
some sectional crisis, warms with fresh
philanthropic zeal for the negro's welfare.
With social equality exploded as worse
than fantastic and foolish, aye, positively
unwise and wicked, the moral and relig
ious reserves of the South, will don the
uniform and heroically fight for the black
" Southern conservatism on the negro
ger tips upon the public records. Persons
proficient in finger-print decipherment
were lately admitted by the Indian Legis
lature as expert witnesses at trials.
When a native registers a deed he affixes
the lmpresfion of his thumb, both to tho
document and to the register. Should a
deed so registered be repudiated, the Ju
dicial officer can require the repudlator
to give his thumb Impression In open
Finger prints are used in the opium de
partments of India. All emigrants sign- j The cards will be used to identify both
Ing contracts under tho emigration act registered Chinese laborers entitled to re
must identify themselves by the same t enter our ports and those found to be in
means. In the survey of India they are admissible, but who seek access to the
used to prevent re-employmerit of unde- country after their rejection,
sirable persons who have been discharged, i All Chinese laborers legally registered
The thumb Impressions of all employes ! in this country prior to May S. 159. under
are taken and registered. If a man be j certain conditions, are entitled to visit
discharged for misbehavior a "photo- China ani return to the United States
zlncotype" of his finger mark is sent to j within one year, and in some cases two
all working parties as insurance against j years, after their departure. Heretofore
his being accepted under a false name. this class has been required to deposit
For four years the same system has been i their certificates of registration with the
used by the Director-General of the Post- local Collector of Customs and to file with
office of India. In the medical depart- the latter official their photograph and
ment of Bengal medical officers giving ! data as to their family, property, debts,
certificates invariably take thumb Impres- name, age, height, color of eyes, com
slons of persons examined. The Bertlllon ; plexlon, distinguishing marks, etc These
system was combined with the finger- data were taken in duplicate, one copy
print system in 1S92. but has since been
abandoned as less exact.
The police authorities of Scotland Yard,
London, now require finger Impressions
upon their Bertlllon cards, as do those of
German cities. The International Associ
ation of Chiefs of Police, which recently
met in New Orleans. Is now considering
the adoption of the system In all of the
large American cities. The authorities of
Auburn Prison, New York, have already
begun experiments. They aro taking Im
pressions of each convict's entire hand.
as well as of each finger, separately. The
prisoner places his palm upon the sheet t
of glazed paper, over which a roller ot .
printer's ink has been passed. The hand i
is then pressed upon a clean sheet of
cardboard. Afterward separate finger Im
pressions are applied to the same. The
card is later photographed for preserva
tion and filed away with the usual Ber
tlllon data. If the experiments at Au
burn prove successful, the system will be
Introduced in all of the prisons of New
Heredity and Caste Influence.
That heredity plays a part in the repro
duction of finger-print designs is Indi
cated by the studies of Francis Galton.
perhaps the world's leading authority on
the subject. He Has amassed anthropo
logical evidence that similarity of pattern
is transmitted from parent to child. Pro.
fessor Ch. Fere, of Paris, claims to find ! remaining there more tharf three months,
that the most simple designs of this lathe j This Is ample time for the coaching agen
work. as the arch, are characteristic of I ciea to get In their work by teaching the
degenerates, and that the complicated
Preaching, services, 10:30 A. M. and 7:45
P. M.; Sunday School. 32 M.; Y. P. S. C.
E., 6:45 P. M.; prayer meeting, Thursday
7:45 P. M.
Trinity, East Tenth and East Grant
streets, Dr. Alfred Thompson, pastor
Preaching, .31 A. M.. by Dr. Rockwell,
presiding elder, and holy communion;
children's service by the young people,
S P. M.
Centenary, corner East Pine and Ninth
street Rev. W. B. Holllngshcad, pastor
Preaching, 10:30 A. M., on "Our Young
People;" children's day services. 7:45 P.
M.; also address by Dr. G. M. Booth,
presiding elder of Tho Dalles District,
on the Heppner disaster.
First, corner Twelfth and East Taylor
streets, Rev. E. Nelson Allen, pastor
Preaching, 10:30 A. M.; annual memorial
sermon for the Modern Woodmen of
America, 8P. M.; Sunday School. 32 M.;
Junior Endeavor, 3:30 P. Senior En
deavor, 7 P. M.; prayer service, Thursday.
7:45 P. M.
First, corner Kerby and Fargo streets.
Rev. J. Bowersox, pastor Preaching, 31
A, M. and 8 P. M.; Sunday School, 10
A. M.; Christian Endeavor, 7 P. M.
First, corner East Tenth and Sherman
streets Rev. L. Myron Boozer, pastor
Morning, short illustrated sermon for
the Child:" children's dav service. 8- P. !
I M.; special music will bo a feature ot the
First, East Couch and East Eighth, W.
F. Small, pastor Services, 31 A. M., with
sermon on "Better or "Worse"; Sunday
School, 32:15 P. M.
Memorial Mission. corner of East
Eighteenth and Tlbbcts streets, Rev. P.
question can never be understood except
in the light of its history. First of all, In
the light of its religious history. Slavery
was once preached as a divine institution.
Abolitionism and atheism once meant the
same thing. Stbnewall Jackson's courage
was born of the conviction that he was en-,
gaged in a holy war. All Southerners are,"
at bottom, as religious as the Boers of
Africa. This fact has been (too often
overlooked. It Is meaningful.
"Today Southern people are the most
llterallstic and the most conservative body
of Christians in the world. God's provi
dence, they concede, has overthrown slav
ery and they bow before His sovereign
will to that extent.
"God's choice of the Anglo-Saxon race
as the elect of mankind they maintain
with a deathless grasp. Anglo-Saxon, -n
the dictionary of the pious Southerner,
means modern Israel.
For two and a half centuries they
learned tho doctrine at their mothers'
knees, and drank It in with their mothers'
milk. To this hour the doctrine beats In
"Absolute supremacy on the part of the
white people they believe to bo a duty
they owe to God. Infidelity, In this sphere,
Is the unpardonable sin. No Protestant
pastor nor Catholic priest could for a
moment hold his office if his parishioners
! suspected him of a most remote tendency
J4 mJ 8macked o nero
i newspapers nave ntue, it anytning, xo
EtlT on- thls aspect, of the negro question.
but it Is paramount and universal. Dis
loyalty to social separation between tho
two races is a crime against God, accord
ing to the rock-bottom convictions of the
religious population, which is the controll
ing leaven of Southern citizenship.
"Tho negro question is fundamentally a
religious question. Hence Southern sen
sitiveness concerning It.
"Furthermore, the South maintains that
It is the most American section of the ret
public. It invites a study of the census
on the subject. It is proud of having the
largest percentage of native Americans.
It claims the largest proportion of heredi
tary Americans, the original Revolution
"Along with this fact Is the most In
tense devotion to what tho South regards
the bast traditions of our forefathers.
Among these is tho dogma that Anglo-Saxon-Americans
are the real Americans,
and because such must rule for the good
of all citizens of whatever extraction.
"Pure blood is next in importance to
pure religion. Pure blood Is an article of
true religion. Pure blood Is patriotism,
and patriotism is an indispensable con
comitant of Southern piety. Disloyalty,
therefore, to Anglo-Saxon untainted blood
Is not only disobedience -to God, but treas-
scrolls and composite forms characterize
the highest human, types.
Tho new system will be applied to the
Chinese at the ports of New York, Bos
ton. New Orleans, San Francisco, Port
land, Or.; Sumas. Wash.; Portal, N. D.;
Malone. X. Y.; PJchford, Vt; and two
ports along the Mexican border later to
be decided upon. All other ports are to
be closed hereafter to Chinese, whereas
24 places of entrance have been open to
being sent to the Collector of Customs of
the port from which the Chinaman de
sired to depart: the other being given to
the Oriental himself to be used as a
passport both for departing and return
ing. Certificates on the Market.
These certificates with photographs at
tached have become mere articles of mer
chandise. They are frequently found in
pawnbrokers shops, where they sell for
$50 apiece or more. The Chinaman who
originally obtains one either has no idea
of leaving the country at all or does not
expect to return after he does leave. In
many cases. If he does not leave he sells It
to the pawnbroker, who holds it until he
finds a customer whom it fits reasonably
wbll, both photographically and anthropo
metrically. This customer Is not entitled
to visit China and return here. If dis
posed of In China, this certificate can be
fitted to some other celestial laborer. Un
der the law no new laborers are admitted
to our ports. Thus the law has been
cheated, again and again, because of the
difficulties of identification.
The Chinese smugglers doing business at
our Canadian and Mexican frontiers hoard
these certificates. There is a pretty profit
in their trade, and they wax prosperous
thereupon. Montreal has been a great
coaching place for these smugglers. Can
ada has a head tax of J100 on Chinamen
wily Orientals stories intended to deceive
J. Green, pastor Sunday School, 10 A.
M.; preaching. 11 A. M. by Rev. G. W.
Plumer, followed by communion ser
vice; Young People's Alliance, 7 P. M.;
preaching by Rev. G. W. Plumer, 8 P.
Scandinavian Evangelical, corner East
Tentn and Grant streets. Rev. O. Hagoes,
pastor Services, 10:45 A. M.; no evening
services; Young People's Society, June
25, at the parsonage. East Tenth and
Central,' Woodmen of tho World build
ing. East Sixth and East Adler streets,
William E. Randall, minister Services,
30:30 A. M., sermon on "The Church As
the Birthplace of Manhood and Majestic
Ideals;" bible school. 32 M.; Young Peo
ple's service. 7 P. M.; sermon, 7:45 P. M.,
on "VlBlons That Inspire; Their Realiza
tion." Gladstone Methodist Meeting.
The Gladstone Methodist Episcopal
Ministerial Association will convene at
Gladstone Park in Methodist Episcopal
tent from 10 A, M. to 33 -A. M., during
the Gladstone Assembly. The programme
July 15 Bishop Thoburn's opening ad
dress; July 1C, the Rev. L. E. Rockwell
will read a paper on "The Poetry of
Tennyson A Critique;" July 17, the Rev.
D. A. Walters will read a paper on
"Christian Unity;" July 38, conversation
on "Our Duty Now to Willamette Uni
versity." and reception to President
Coleman, who will speak at 31 A. M.
In the auditorium on "Christian Higher
Education; July 20, paper by the Rev.
W. H. Selleck on "Potential Preaching;"
July- 21, paper by Rex. E. H. Todd on
"Foreign Missions and the Government;
July 22, paper by Rev.
G. Sykes on
"Anthropology"; July 23, paper by Rev.
G. Bennett on "Genesis Abreast Science";
July 24, paper by Rev. F. L. Moore on
"The' Origin and Growth 61 the Apostolic
Creed"; July 25, paper by Rev. M. L.
Hardingham on "The Country Church
and tho country Pastor." Each paper
has 30 minutes. The executive committee
is composed of B. J. Handley, presi
dent; John Parsons, secretary; J. H.
Coleman and H. Odell, treasurers.
OF IT FROM THE SOUTHERN
on to one's country and an Insuperable ob
stacle to tho advancement of American
principles and civilization.
"Precisely this the silent South believes,
Let him deride It who dares, but no man
nor set of men, no political party can
afreet, in the smallest degree, those in
grained beliefs. Russia has an easier task
in exterminating the Jews.
"Nor must we forget that the South feel
lngly remembers the saturnalia of recon
struction. The last Southern man will
die In no unherolc way before he will
consent for a moment to Imagine possible
pandemonium of that period. Gone for
ever it is he believes, but any scintilla of
suggestion of Its resuscitation' throws him
into a frenzy and fires him with the pos-
slons of a Nihilist,
"Assured, as the South now Ib, that good
people at the North are willing to see the
negro from her point of view, her people
: "will do their utmost to treat him with
! old-time Southern gallantry, aiding him
! along all Industrial, educational, moral
and religious rights of progress and ac
cording him all the rights to which his
t citizenship entitles him.
! "More it does not feel called to to say
; Just now further than tho assurance that
the outlook for the negro, if left to work
out his own destiny, was never so eneour
aging as it is at this good hour."
Jfcvr Yorlc Society.
Mr. and Mrs. Purseey Strutt dined last
Friday. In fact, they dine every day
unless prevented by illness. She was one
of the Baltimore JJones-Ttayleures. Her
grandmother was a Bbrowne-Rrobynsson.
The Bbrowne-Rroby!son crest Is a dlvl
dend rampant supporting a first family
It is rumored but on good authority
that Mr. and Mrs. Merger Hogg may be
out of doors this Summer when not In
the house. But, after all, It Is only e
We feel justified In asserting that Mrs.
Bulllfft Inkum is now an acknowledged
leader In New York society. This la right
and proper, as the lady Is eminently fitted
for just such a metier. New York fash
ionable society is Just too lovely for any
thing. Mr. Hookairs Ennlwelgh was seen driv
ing In the park yesterday. He had with
him Mrs. Funnle Rekkod and her charm
ing sister-in-law, Mrs. Shady Ppast.
Among those sailing for Europe last
Wednesday were Mr. and Mrs. John
Bullion and Mr. F. Somewhat Pumpkyns.
It was whispered In Goelcty this Spring
that Mr. F. Somewhat Pumpkyns had
matrimonial intentions. The Hon. Munnle
Duzzyt certainly has a charming daugS-ter.
NOfr TAKES THUMB MARKS
TOO LEAVE THE COUNTRY.
the immigration officials. So well has
this system been perfected that within the
past few months hundreds have been ad
mitted over the Canadian border. Under
the 14th amendment Chinese bom in this
country become citizens, and as such are
privileged to enter our ports. The princi
pal work of tbs Canadian coacher Is the
drilling Into the receptive Orlntal cran
lums stories which serve to convince the
autnonues that such applicants are native-born
citizens. For crocslntr th Pun.
adian line illegally 799 Chinese were ar-
rcsiei last year.
The frontier transnortatlon lln
Interests are affected by our Immigration
laws, have showed lack of svmnathv
therewith in many cases, hut Cnnfmi-
sIoner-General Sargent has concluded an
arrangement with the Canadian Pacific
under which that road Is to deliver direct
to the Immigration officials at four places
only all Chines transported from Can
ada. These places are' Portal, N. D.;
Sumas. Wash.; Malone, N. Y.. and Rlch-
rora, vt., being among the stations where
the new Identification data will be col
lected. large Detention Building".
Large detention buildings are beitur
erected at these posts, and in them all
Chinese will be housed until the immigra
tion officials are finished with them. Un
der the same roof the finger Impressions
and anthropometric measurements will be
made. All those refused entrance will be
Immediately returned by the railroad
company to a steamer, which will ship
them to China.
Hotbeds of smucellntr are no less nln-
ful alone our southern frontier. Thn l.ur
allows Chinese of the excluded class to
pass through the United States if destined
xor loreign territory, Jast year ZXO exer
cised this privilege, most of them being
bound for Mexico, whence they doubtless
have wormed their- wav back across nnr
southern boundary. To make matters
worse, a steamship line direct from China
to Lower California has lately been nro-
JOHN ELFRETH WATKINS, Jr.
READ! READ! READ!
What the Well-Known Peo
ple of Portland
C. GEE WO
Can it be wondered
that he is called
freat, when his won
erful remedies cure
and help so many
sick and suffering
people, not only here,
but throughout the
United States? Many
are given up to die;
others told that 'an
operation was the
only help for them,
yet their lives were
saved without the
operation. Cured by
JS.sJXuyat tfia Tinn-prfni Chi
nese herbs, roots.
buds, barks and vegetables, that are en
tirely unknown to medical science In this
country. Through the use of these harm
less remedies he treats any and all dis
eases of men. women and children.- This
famous doctor knows the action of over
600 different remedies that he has suc
cessfully used In different diseases. He
guarantees to cure catarrh, astnma, lung
troubles, rheumatism, nervousness, stom
ach, liver, kidney, female troubles lost
manhood and all private diseases. Read
the following testimonials. He has hun
dreds more at his office.
Testimonials or well-known jxople:
G. W. Stafford, Ss Slxtl s treat Cured
of kidney and bladder trouble of one
G. A. Lane, corner Eleventh and North
rup Cured of kidney, liver and bladder
trouble of several years' standing.
Miss S. Starbuck, 692 Front street Suf
fering from inflammation, womb and
Mrs. N. A. Dibble, Burns, Or. Stomach
and female weakness, several years stand
ing. I recommend his wonderful treat
ment. A. Jensen. 300 East Clay street, cured of
Indigestion, stomach and liver trouble of
10 years' standing, and cured in six weeks.
Mrs. Hadaon Suffering from hemorrhage
of womb and female weakness ot four
months, and was cured In a short time
by this wonderful treatment.
Charges moderate. Call and see him.
Consultation free. Patients out of the
city write for blank and circular. Inclose
stamp. Address The C. Gee Wo Chinese
Medicine Company. Office still same place.
Entrance 253 Alder at., Portland. Or. Men
Ticket Office 122 Third St Phone 688
O TRANSCONTINENTAL O
, TRAINS DAILY
Direct connection via Seattle or
Spokane. For tickets, rates and
full information call on or address
H. Dickson, C. T. A, Portland, Or.
JAPAN - AMERICAN LINE
Tor Japan. China and all Aslatlo point, -win
Abost June 27.
S. S. "Ohio"
SAILS PROM SEATTLE
ON Og ABQUT JULY I,
Nome and St. Michael
CQMNECTIH8 FOR ALL POINTS OH
Yukon, Tahana and Koyukuk
0T FIRST AVENUE. SEATTLE.
ANCHOR. LIME U. 8. MAIL STEAMSHIPS
KEVT YORK. LOKDONDKRKT. GLASGOW.
KEW TORIC GIBRALTAR AND NAPLES.
Superior accommodation. Excellent Culatne,
The comfort or passengers carefully con
sidered. Single or jtou&d Trip Tickets lMu-d
between Nw York and Scotca, English. Irish
and all principal continental points at at
tractive rates. Sead for Boole of Tour. for
tickets or general information apply to any
local agent of the Anchor Line or to
HENDERSON BROS.. G-en'L Agents. Chtcaxo.
WILLAMETTE RIVER ROUTE
mm CITT TfiAKSPOSUTSOX CO.
Steamer POMONA, for slem. ladepcmlesc.
Aloasy and CorvailU, leaves tf:i& A. U. Tues
day. Ofcoroday, Saturday.
Steamer ALTONA, for ButtevlUe. Wllsoa
rllle. Champoeg. Newberg and Daytoa. leaves
1 A. M. Monday. Wedneiday, Friday.
Steamer LEONA. for Oregon City, leaves
slly 3:30. 11:30 A. M., 3 and 6:15 P. H.
Leaves Oregon City. 7. 19 A. M.. U. ijs
P. M. Round trip 25c
DOCK. FOOT OF TAYLOR STREET.
Oregon pfeeae Mala eQ,
TRA VELEIl 5 GUIDE.
an Union Pacific
3 TRAINS to the East DAILY
Throush Pullman standard and Tourist sleeping-cars
dally to Omaha. Chicago. Spokane;
tourist lepln-car dally to Kansas City;
through Pullman tourist sleeping-cars (person
ally conducted) weekly to Chicago. Kansas
Cltj, St. Louis and Memphis: reclining chair
cars (seats free) to the Est dally.
PXIQX DEPOT. L-are j Arrive
CHICAGO-PORTLAND !s "20 A. M. 4:30 P. II.
SPECIAL. (Dally. Dally.
For the East via. Hunt
ington. SPOKANE FLYER. 0:00 P. M 7:35 A. M.
For Eastern TVaalflng- Dally. Dally,
ton. Walla Walla. Lew
Iston. Couer d'Alece
and Gt. Northern points
ATLANTIC EXPRESS S:15 P. il. 10:30 A. M.
For the East via Hunt- Dally. Dally.
OCEAX AND RIVER SCHEDULE.
FOR SAN FRANCISCO 8:00 P. M 3:00 P. M.
Steamer Geo. W. Elder. From
June I. 11. 21. Steam- Alaska
er Columbia, June 0. dock.
16. 26. Alnsworth dock. j
For Astoria and way 8:00 P. M. 5:00 P. M.
points, connecting with Dally ex. Dally
steamer for Uwaco and Sunday, except
North Beach, steamer Saturday, Sunday.
Hassalo. Aah-t dock. 10 P. M.
For SALEM. Corvallls A. M. About
and way points, steam- .05day"- ? M
er Ruthr Ash-street w"Ifty P8JV
dock (water permitting) Fridays. jT.
For DAYTON. Oregon T A. M. 3:00 P. M.
City and Yamhill River Tuesdays. Mondays,
points, steamer Elmore, Thursdays, "Wednesday
Ash-street dock. Saturdays. Fridays.
(Water permitting.) '
For LEWISTON. Ida-U:03 A. M. About
bo. and way points. Dally 5:00 P. M.
from Riparia. Wash., except Daily ex.
steamers Spokane or Saturday. Friday.
TICKET OFFICE. Third and Washington.
Telephone Main 712.
PORTLAND & ASIATIC
For Yokohama and Hong Kong, calling at
Kobe. Nagasaki and Shanghai, taking freight
via connecting steamers for Manila, Port Ar
thur and Vladivostok.
INDRAFURA SAILS ABOUT JUNE 2S.
For rates and full Information call on or ad
dress ofSclalB or agents of O. R. N. Co.
Union Depdt I Arrive
PRESS " TRAINS,
for Salem. Rose-
8:30 P. M.
7:45 A. M.
burg, Ashland, Sac
San Francisco, Mo-
Jave. Los Angeies,
El Paso. New Or
leans and the East.
Mornlnir train con
3:SO A. M.
7.-00 P. M..
nects at Woodburn
(dally except Sun
day) with train for
Mount Angel. Sil
Wendling and Na
tron. Albany Bassenger.
4:00 P M.
10:10 A. M.
Connects at Wood
burn with ML An
gel and Silver-ton
7:30 A. M.
5:60 P. M.
4;C0 P. M. I Sheridan passenger. 8:25 A. M.
Dally. llDaily. except Sunday.
PORTLAND -OSWEGO SUBURBAN SERVICE
Leave Portland dally fcr Oswego at 7:30 A.
X.. 12:50, 2:03. 3:23, 5:20, 6:23, 8:30, 10:10
p M. Dally, except Sunday, 6:30, 6:30, 8:33,
10:23 A. M., 4:00, 11:30 P. M. Sunday, only,
0:00 A. M.
Returning from Oswego, arrive Portland dally
8:30 A. M.. 1:65, 3:05. 4:33, 6:15, 7:33, 0:35,
1110 P. M. Dally, except Sunday, 6:25, 7:25.
8:30. 1020. 11:45 A. M. Except Monday, 12:25,
A. M. Sunday only, 10:00 A. M.
Leav from some depot for Dallas and Inter
mediate points dally except Sunday, 4:00 P. M.
Arrive Portland 1020 A. M.
The Independence-Monmouth, motor line oper
ates dally to Monmouth and Alrlle. connecting
with S. P. Co. 'a trains at Dallas and Inde
pendence. . . .
First-class rebate tickets on sale from Port
land to Sacramento and San Francisco; net
rate. 117.50; berth. $5. Second-class fare. 15.
without rebate or berth; second-class berth,
Tickets to Eastern points and Europe. Also
Japan. China, Honolulu and Australia,
CITY TICKET OFFICE, corner Third and
Washington streets. Phone Main 712.
Puget Sound Limited for T-
coma, Seattle. Olympla,
South Bend and Gray's
Harbor points 8:30 am B:SO prn
North Coast Limited for Ta-
ooma, Seattle, Spokane,
Butte. St. Paul, New York,
Boston and all points East
and Southeast 3:00 ptn 7:00 em
Twin City Express for Ta-
coma, Seattle, Spokane,
Helena. St. Paul. Minne
apolis. Chicago, New York,
Boston and all points East
and Southeast 11:45 pa 7:00 pm
Puget Sound - Kansas Clty-
St. Louis Special, for Ta-
coms, Seattle, Spokane,
Butte. BlUin-cs, Denver,
Omaha, Kansas City, St.
Louis and all points East
and Southeast 8:30 am 7:00 am
All trains dally except on South Bend branch.
A. D. CHARLTON, Assistant General Pas
senger Agent. 255 Morrison st., corner Third.
For South -Eastern Alaska
LEAVE SEATTLE. 8 P. M.
Steamships COTTAGE CITY,
CITY OF SEATTLE, or CITY
vW.X in nft 24 rtS: Jnlv 2.
Steamers connect at San
Francisco with company's
steamers for ports In Call.
"rrTY s Bay. For further Information
cnSniX nhmln folder. RUht is reserved
to change steamers or sailing
AGENTS CHARLES H. GLEIM. 240 Wash
ington it.. Portland; F. W. CARLETON. 007
Pacific are.. Tacoma: GEORGE W. AN
DREWS. N. W. Pass. Agent. Ticket offices 113
James at. and dock. Seattle. San Francisco
Ticket office. 4 New Montgomery .. C. D.
DUNANN, Gen. Pass. Agent. San Francisco.
Astoria & Columbia
River Railroad Co.
Urn kpHe jnj
Leaves. UNION DEPOT. Arrives.
For Maygers, Rainier. '
CUtakanle, West port.
Clifton. Astoria. War
8:00 a. m. renton, Flavel. Ham- 11:10 a. m
tnond, Fort Stevens.
Gearuart Park, Seaside,
Astoria and Seashore
7:00 p. m. Astoria Express. 0:43 p. a
E. L. LEWIS, J. C. HAYO,
Cssasi'l Agent. 248 Alder it. G. F. 3c P. A..
Phone Main &C6- Astoria.
THE PALATIAL ,
It 1 '
TTet a darl office In the Tmlldlnct
absolately fireproof electric Hants
and artesian water; perfect sanita
tion and thoroHgh ventilation; ele
vators ran day and night.
ANDERSON. GUSTAV. Attorney-at-Law..612
ASSOCIATED PRESS; E. L. Powell. Mgr.SOtJ
AUSTEN, F. C.. Manager for Oregon and
Washington Bankers Life Association of
Des Moines. la 502-503
BAAR, DR. GUSTAV, Phys. and Surg. .807-803
bankers life association of des
MOINES, IA.; F. C Austen. Mgr W2-503
BENJAMIN, R. W.. Dentist 314
BERNARD 3.. Cashier Co-Operative Mer
cantile Co 212-213
BINSWANGER, OTTO S.. Physician and
BOGART, DR. M. D.. DENTIST ..705
BROCK. WILBUR- F., Circulator Orego-
nlan . 501
BROWN. MYRA. M. D.... . 313-314
BRUERE, DR. O. E.. phys 411-412-413-414
CAMPBELL. WM. M.. Medical Referee
Equitable Life 700
CANNING, M. J . ..602-603
CARDWELL, DR. J. R., Dentist 306
CAUKIN. G. E.. District Agent Travelers
Insurance Company .... ......... .......713
CHICAGO ARTIFICIAL LIMB CO.; W. T
Dickson. Manager 601
CHURCHILL. MRS. E. J ..716-717
CLINTON. RICHARD, state manager Co
operative Mercantile Co .. 212-213
COFFEY, DR. R. C. Surgeon 405-408
COGHLAN. DR. J. N. ..713-714
COLUMBIA TELEPHONE CO 615-61S
CONNELL, DR. E. De WITT. Eye. Ear,
Nose and Throat 613-614
CO-OPERATIVE MERCANTILE CO.; J. F.
Olsen, Gn. Mgr.; G. Bernard. Cashler..212-13
CORNELIUS, a W., Phys. and Surgeon. .209
COLLIER, P. F.. Publisher; 8. P. McGulre,
Manager .. 413
DAY. J. O. & L N..... .318
DEVERB, A E. 403
DICKSON, DR. J. P., Physician 713-714
EDITORIAL ROOMS Eighth Floor
EVENING TELEGRAM 323 Alder Street
EQUITABLY LIFE ASSURANCE SO
CIETY; L. Samuel. Mgr.; G. S. Smith.
Cashier . 3C
FENTON. J. D., Physician and Surg.. 609-310
FENTON. DR. HICKS C.iEye and Ear... 511
FENTON, MATTHEW F., Demtlst.. 509
GALVANI. W. H-. Engineer and Draughts
man - 600
GEARY, DR. E. P., Phys. and Surgeon.... 406
GIESY. A. J.. Physician and Surgeon... 709-710
GILBERT. DR. J. ALLEN, Physician.. 401-403
GOLDMAN, WILLIAM, Manager Manhat
tan Life Ins. Co. of New York 209-210
GRANT, FRANK S., Attorney-at-Law....617
GRISWOLD & PHEGLEY. Tailors-
131 Sixth Street
HAM MAM BATHS. Turkish and Russian..
HAMMOND. A. B 310
BOLLISTER, DR. O. C. Physician and
IDLEMAN. C M., Attorney-at-Law. .416-17-13
JEFFREYS, DR. ANNICS F.. Phys. and
Surgeon. Women and Children only... ...400
JOHNSON. W. C ... 315-316-317
KADY. MARK T.. Supervisor of Agents.
Mutual Reserve Life Ins. Co .......603
LANE. H. L.. Dentist 513-514
LAWBAUGH. DR. E. A ........804-803
LITTLEFIKLD. H. R.. Phys. and Surgeon. .203
MACKAY. DR. A. E.. Phys. and Surg-711-712
MANHATTAN LIFE INSURANCE CO. OF
NEW YORK; W. Goldman. Mgr 2C9-210
MARSH, DR. R. J.. Physician and Surgeon
.. . 309-310
McCOY. NEWTON. Attorney-at-Law 715
Mcelroy, dr. j. o.. Phys. & sur.701-702-703
McFADEN. MISS IDA E.,Stenographer...201
McGinn, henry e.. Attomey-at-Law.311-12
McGUIRE, 3. P., Manager P. F. Collier.
- Publisher ... 413
McKENZHC DR. P. L.. Phys. and Surg.512-31S
METT. HENRY ... . 218
MILLER, DR. HERBERT C. Dentist and
Oral Surgeon 608609
MOSSMAN. DR. E. P.. Dentist 513-314
MUTUAL RESERVE LIFE INS. CO.;
Mark: T. Kody. Supervisor ot Agents. 604-605
NICHOLAS. HORACE B.. Attorney-at-Law.718
NICHOLS. THE DBS., Phys. & Surg ns. 606-607
NILES, M. M., Cashier Manhattan Lifs
Insurance Company, of New York-. .... 209
NOTTAGE. DR. G. H., Dentist, 609
OLSEN, J. F General Manager Co-Ope ra-
tive Mercantile Co-.. ..212-213
OREGON INFIRMARY, OF OSTEOPATHY
OREGONIAN " BARBER SHOP; MARSCH
& GEORGE, Proprietors.... 120 Sixth Street
OREGONIAN EDUCATIONAL BUREAU;
J. F. Strauhal. Manager ..200
PACIFIC MERCANTILE CO.; F. M.
Schwartz; Agent 211
PAGUE B. S.. Attorney-at-Law 318
"PORTLAND EYE AND EAR INFIRMARY
Ground Floor. 133 Sixth Street
QUIMBY- L. F. W., Game and Forestry
Warden '""."", ;71S
HEED J- Executive Special Agent
Manhattan Life Ins. Co. ot New York... 200
REED WALTER. Optician... 133 Sixth Street
RICKENBACH. DR. J. F.. Eye, Ear. Ncse
and Throat 701-703
B03ENDALE. O. 31.. Metallursjat and
Mning Engineer - 3J
RYAN. J. B Attorney-at-Law 513
SAMUEL, L.. Manager Equitable Life.... 306
SHERWOOD, J. W., State Commander K.
O. T. M 5iT
SMITH DR. I- B., Osteopath 409-410
SMITH.' GEORGE S., Cashier Equitable
STOLTE. DR. CHAS. E., Dentist.... 704-703
SURGEON OF THE S. P. RY. AND Tf! P.
TERMINAL CO "03
SUPERINTENDENTS OFFICE 201
TUCKER. DR. GEO. F. Dentist 610-611
VESTER, A.. Special Agent Manhattan
WENDLING. DR. ROBT. F.. DenUst 703
WILEY. DR., JAMES O. C Phys. U Sur.708-9
WILSON. DR. EDWARD N.. Eye. ear, nose
and throat U04-3C5
WILSON. DR. GEO. F.. Phys. & Surg. 706-707
WILSON. DR. HOLT C. Phys & Surg.607-503
WOOD. DR. W. L.. Physician.. 411-412-413-414
Oficea xaay ire bad ty applying to
the smperlntendent of tfae building,
room 201, second moor.
THE MODERN APPLIANCE A positive
way to perfect manhood. The VACUUM
TREATMENT cures- you without medicine of
all nervous or .diseases ot the generative or
gans, such as lost, manhood, exhaustive drains,
varicocele. Impotency. etc Men are quickly re
stored to perfect health and. strength. Write
for circular. Correspondence confidential.
THE HEALTH APPLIANCE CO.. rooms 47-43
Eat Deposit building. Seattle, Wash.