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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (July 20, 1902)
THE SUNDAY OBEGOSttAN, POUTLATsD, JULY 20, 1902.
NO GENERAL STRIKE
Miners1 Convention Indorses
ASSESSMENT PLAN IS ADOPTED
Soft-Coal Tllen. "Will Remain at Worlc
and Contribute to the Fond of
the Strikers Pabllo Ap
"V w sealed To,
INDIANAPOLI8, Ind.. July 19-The
convention of the United Mlneworkers
adjourned at 1 o'clock this afternoon
after declaring against a general strike,
providing for the raising of a fund with
which to aid the striking anthracite min-
ers, and issuing an appeal to the Amer
ican people for support
The recommendations brought by the
special committee during the executive
session of yesterday, and which are prac
tically Identical with those suggested by
President Mitchell on the first day of the
convention and unanimously adopted by
the convention, are as follows:
1- That the National treasurer be au
thorized and directed immediately to ap
propriate $50,000 from the funds of the
National Treasury and placo It at the
disposal of the officers of Districts Nos.
1, 7 and 8 (these are the anthracite dis
tricts). 2. That all districts, sub-districts and
local unions be appealed to to donate
from tho surplus In their treasuries as
large an amount as they can afford.
5. That an assessment of 10 per cent
be levied on the gross earnings of all
members of local unions In .Districts Nos.
6, S, 12, ID, 23 and 25, and an assessment
of $1 per week upon all members of local
unions In Districts No. 2, B, 11, 13. 14. 15,
15, 20 and 2L The members of districts
now on strike which may resume work
before this assessment has been removed
shall bo assessed either 10 per cent of
their gross earnings or $1 per week,
whichever the district may decide .from
the time work is resumed.
i. The assessment shall be paid direct
from the local union to the National sec
retary, and the local unions will bo held
responsible for the payment of the same.
6. An assessment of 25 per cent will be
levied upon the wages, salary or percent
age received from the organization by all
National district and sub-district officers
6. The assessment shall begin with July
16. 1202. , ,
7. All contributions made from the Na
tional office to tho anthracite region will
be divided pro-rata to each anthracite
district in accordance with tho number
of miners and mine laborers In each of
them, as shown by tho most recent coal
reports. ... ,
It was voted also that each local union
in the regions that Js at work select a
committee which shall secure work for
as many of tho men on striko as pos
sible in the locality -where tho local union
is situated, and that tho same reports be
made of tho local union for the Amer
ican Federation of Labor, and also that
committees be appointed by local unions
to canvass the business men and other
citizens of their localities for subscrip
tions. Address to the Public.
In accordance with tho recommendations
of the special committee, it was voted to
issue an address to the public This ad
dress, as reported by me commui, ea.
"When "we look upon the enormous for
tunes that our labor has made possible
with tho innumerable comforts end lux
uries that it brings to the people at large
and then examine the paltry pittance we
receive for the labor we have to perform,
the dangers we undergo, the dampness we
must endure, the foul air wo must breathe,
we feel we are blng treated unjustly in
payment for so much labor and so many
"The great combinations of capital
which control the coal Industry have be
come so powerful that no miner can hope,
through his Individual efforts, to secure
a Just share of the wealth which his la
bor has produced. The history of Indus
trial development in the past has shown
that whon capital combines, the workers
must associate, else they will fall, one by
one, an unpitled sacrifice in the struggle
for ' existence. For many years tho coal
miners of America have been imbued with
tho truth of the position. The extremely
low wages paid to anthraclto miners, the
refusal of tho coal companies to have
the coal properly weighed or permit the
miners to employ men at their own ex
pense to see the coal they have mined
weighed, measured or credited, the great
number of hours the miner must work
every day in the most unsanitary condi
tions, tho cruel, unjust manner In which
they havo been treated by petty bosses,
clothed with a little brief authority, the
arbitrary assumption by the employers
that neither tho miners nor the public
have any rights that are entitled to con
sideration by them, has forced U3 to or
ganize, not for the purpose of taking from
the operators that which belongs to them,
but for tho purposo of securing better
treatment than we have received in the
past and fair recompensatlon for our la
bor. i "Wo havo sought to accomplish this
end by conciliatory methods, by sub
mitting disputed points to arbitration and
by a refusal to work upon tho terms of
fered us, commonly spoken of as a strike.
when all other means of adjusting tho
grievances complained of have failed. As
proof of our sincerity, we point to the
Joint convention system of adjusting the
wages and conditions of employment from
year to year, which we have, by our per
sistent efforts, Introduced and firmly es
tablished in a great majority of the bitu
minous fields of the United States.
For five years wo have annually made
contracts in this manner with many of
tho bituminous coal operators, and, not
withstanding the allegations that aro per
sistently made that wo are an irrespons
ible body, wo feel proud of the fact that,
while, it may have been to our financial
Interests on many occasions to cast them
aside and we wero under no legal obliga
tions to any one, we have never failed to
carry out to the letter and spirit every
contract we have made, nor shall we vio
late them now.
"One hundred and fifty thousand of our
craftsmen in the anthracite regions of
Pennsylvania have sought to procure bet
ter wages and relief from many galling
conditions under which they have been
compelled to labor in the past. They have
tried by every honorable means known to
civilized men to adjust the grievances
with their employera without resorting to
a strike. In this they have failed because
tho employers havo assumed tp be the
only parties interested in all the ques
tions Involving the welfare of the miners,
a position that has not been sustained by
the conditions existing since a stoppage of
work has taken place.
"Some of the coal operators have been
quoted as saying that the question Is not
one of wages or other conditions of em
ployment, but that they believe It to be
-an opportune time to destroy the union.
"Whether they have made this statement
or not. their actions indicate that their
purpose Is to destroy our organization.
If It is the purpose of the coal operators
to destroy our union, then upon the prin
ciple that self-prceervatlon is tho first
law of nature, wo will be fully Justified
In taking drastic measures to prevent the
accomplishment of their designs. Y,c be
lieve we have within our reach the
means by which that purpose can be
thwarted. No law can compel us to work
if we desire to remain Idle.
"We believe that our interests In the
community of which wo are a part and
our obligations to the operators with
whom we have agreements require that
we shall not inaugurate a general suspen
sion of work In the coal trade. They may
destroy our union, but they cannot make
us violate our contracts. The struggle in
the anthracite region will be continued
until our demands have been granled or a
competent board of arbitration has de
clared that we are wrong. No class ot
men realize more than we do the great
power of public opinion. Itslnfluenco 13
potent for good or evil in accordance with
the manner in Tvhlch it is used. No right
can bo secured and maintained without Its
support, and no wrong can long exist that
meets with lta concentrated opposition.
Realizing this fact, we appeal to the peo
ple at large to bring all possible pressure
on tho officers and stockholders of tne
anthracite coal-carrying railroads and otn
er anthracite coal interests to treat con
sistently the appeals of their employes for
"The care of 150,000 men and their fami
lies In a protracted struggle, such as this
Is likely to be, will require tho expendi
ture of a large sum of money In tho pur
chase of food. Our own resources are
limited. We havo made a large assess
ment on .those members who are at work
to assist" us in caring for those who arc
on strike. Wo need more money for that
purpose, and we appeal to the trades
union and trades unionist, and every citi
zen whose Interest is involved and to
every lover of fair play, to assist us in
raising 51,000,000 per month from outside
sources as long as the strike may last.
We believo that with this amount ct I
money, together with the amount received
from our own members, wo can continue
the struggle until Justice has been secured
for the anthracite miners."
Tho reading of the report of the com
mittee and tho appeal to the public was
listened to in absolute silence, but as the
HILARY A. HERBERT SERIOUSLY ILL
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EX-SECRETARY OF NAVY SUFFERING FROM TYPHOID FEVER.
WASHINGTON, July 10. Hilary A. Herbert. Secretary of the Navy under
President Cleveland's last Administration, Is lying very ill In a hospital in this
city. Ex-Secretary Herbert la suffering from typhoid fever.
voice of Secretary Wilson ceased there
came a tremendous cheer from tho dele
gates that foreshadowed unanimous adop
tion, which followed a few minutes later.
The miners of Illinois announced that
they had appropriated $30,000 from their
treasury for the support of the anthracite
strike. Ohio gave $10,000. and Iowa and
Illinois promised contributions to be mado
later. President Mitchell declared that
there was approximately $1,000,000 In the
treasuries of the various local unions, and
that his construction of the clause direct
ing tho unions to contribute "what they
could afford" was one-half of this money.
The convention was adjourned by the
singing of "America'
Immediately after the adjournment.
President Mitchell called tho meeting to
order again to hear a belated report from
a committee appointed earlier In the week
to prepare resolutions of condolenco upon
the recent mine disasters in Pennsylvania
and Utah. Tho report censures sharply
District Mine Inspector Roderick, of Penn
sylvania, for allowing work to be com
menced in a mine before all the corpses
had been removed. President Mitchell re
quested that the report bo held until the
matter could be investigated personally by
tho officers of the union, and the report
was referred to them for future action.
The convention then adjourned for tho
Agreement "With, Santa Fe Carmen.
TOPEKA, July IS. An agreement was
reached this evening between the griev
ance committee of the Santa Fe Carmen's
Association and George R. Henderson, su
perintendent of motive power of the road.
Two conferences were held yesterday, and
two today. Mr. Hcndorson admitted that
tho company was not paying as large
wages on somo lines of the system as on
tho other lines, and tho result of the
conferences was to equalize matters
among tho several lines. Tho last matter
to bo considered this afternoon was an
agreement regarding work on tho Gulf
lines. This was tho hardest to scttlo of
any. Tho agreement will have to be ap
proved by Third Vice-President Kendricks
at Chicago before It finally goes into ef
fect. Telephone Girls Strike Indorsed.
DES MOINES, la., July 19. Tho local
Retail Grocers' Association has indorsed
tho telephone girls' strike and ordered all
Iowa tolcphoncs removed from their
places of business. A striko of electri
cians and linemen at Davenport was or
dered today, and It is expected this order
will also affect tho Bell system in Rock
Island. The central rtrls in these cities
aro being organized for tho purpose of
going out in sympathy with tho Des
Moines operators, linemen and electri
cians who are fighting the Iowa company.
Vandals, presumed to be strike sympa
thizers, cut two cables last night, as a
result of which East Des Moines Is with
out telephone service. Numerous wires
were also cut in West Des Moines.
Builders' Sympathetic Strike.
NEW YORK, July 19. The Amalgamat
ed Society of Painters, which ordered a
general strike over a month ago for an
advance In wages of 50 cents a day, has
reported that a general strike la sym
pathy with the painters has been ordered
by the Board of Building Trades. About
200 men in half a dozen trades have quit
work on the new Union Club building, on
Fifth avenue, and on Monday a sympa
thetic strike is to be ordered on tho
Mansion building, erected for Andrew Car
negie at Ninety-second street and Fifth
Murder la First Desrree.
BUTTE, Mont. July 19. Charles Len
nox was today found guilty in tho first
degree of complicity In tho murder- of
Fireman Williams at Silver Bow Junction
In April last. James Martin, his partner
In crime, has already been found guilty
IntjLhc first degree. The two men were
convicted upon the confession of Lennox.
Williams was shot to death while resist
The- larscst loaves of bread la tho world are
those baked In France and Italy. They aro
otten as much as six feet long.
GREAT MILITARY POST
ORDER FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF
ONE AT CHICKAMAUGA.
President Entertains a Jfumber ol
DlBtlnemlBhed Guests, Including
Senator ICean and Mayor IiOvr.
WASHINGTON. July 10. Secretary
Root today gave the final order for the
establishment of the first of the four great
military posts which are to be the gather
ing places ot the United States forces In
case of war, and In time of peace are to
bo training schools of both regulars and
militiamen. The first post will be at Chlck
amaugo. Secretary Root has allotted $450.
000 for the construction of a post there,
to be built to accommodate one full regi
ment of cavalry and one company of ar
tillery, which force is to be the nucleus of
the first military post.
The medical board which was charged
with an Investigation of tho report that
typhoid fever prevailed among the troops
now lying in the Chlckamauga Park un
der canvas has'made a most careful ex
amination and has reported that thero is
no foundation for the statement.
JCorth Atlantic Squadron Begin Its
WASHINGTON, July 19. The Summer
maneuvers of the North Atlantic squadron
off the New England and Middle Atlantic
Coast have now actually begun. From
now until tho end of the first week of
September tho squadron will work out
problems prepared by Admiral Dewey, of
tho general board.
The picturesque feature of the Summer's
work, will be the attempt of several war
vessels representing an enemy to gain the
coast through a vigilant defending squad
ron. The latter will send out scouts and
use Its utmost endeavors to locate the
invaders before any of them may slip
through the lines and put the guardians
of tho Nation's safety to shame. Tho
Navy Department now announces that this
feature of the maneuvers will take place
from August 20 to 25, inclusive. Tho "war
game" will cover an area of water S00
miles down tho coast and perhaps 00 miles
outward in the Atlantic The division of
the North Atlantic squadron into an at
tacking and defensive force has been
placed entirely in the hands of Rear-Admiral
LUNCHED AT SAGAMORE HILU
President Entertains Senator ICean,
Mayor Low and Others.
OYSTER BAY. July 19. President Roose
velt entertained a distinguished party at
luncheon today at his Sagamore Hill home.
United States Senator John Kean. of New
Jersey, arrived on a morning train. Sen
ator Elsburg, of New York, followed, hav
ing been invited by the President to talk
over with him New York State affairs.
Late last night Ferdinand Jclkc. Jr.. of
Cincinnati, arrived in Oyster Bay to calL
by invitation upon the President. He, too,
was a guest at luncheon. Mr. Jelke is a
member of the Ohio Circuit Court bench.
He is a long-time friend of Mr. Roose
velt. He said that there Is no political
significance in his visit. He Is on his way
to Quogue, L. I., where he and his family
will pass tho Summer.
Mayor Low, of New York, arrived about
noon on his yacht, and was conducted di
rect to Sagamore Hill, where he was wel
comed cordially by tho President. Late
in the afternoon the Mayor returned to his
yacht and sailed for his Summer home at
Rye, N. Y. Other guests at luncheon
wore: John D. Crlmmins and the two
Misses Crlmmins, of New York; Miss
Kean, sister of the New Jersey Senator,
and Lieutenant Martin Crlmmins, who re
cently returned from the Philippines, and
Just before leaving Oyster Bay tonight
Senator Kean announced that the Presi
dent had accepted the Invitation he had
extended on behalf of Governor Murphy to
visit tho New Jersey National Guard en
campment at Seagirt, July 2L
Bates Commands Lakes Department.
CHICAGO, July 19. With the departure
of General MacArthur for the East today
the command of the Department of the
Lakes passed temporarily to General John
C. Bates, who has charge of the Depart
ment of the Missouri, with headquarters
at Omaha. General MacArthur will bo in
New York to relieve General Brooke, who
will retire from active service Monday.
Ready to Paint San Jnnn.
SANTIAGO DE CUBA, July 19. Vasslll
Verestchani, the Russian painter, who was
commissioned to paint a picture of the
battlo of San Juan for President Roose
velt, left here today for New York. He
has completed a study of the San Juan
battle-field and the scenes of the battles
with Admiral Cervera's fleet
President Summons Shaw.
WASHINGTON, July 19. Secretary Shaw
has received a telegram from President
Roosevelt asking him to come to Oyster
Bay the latter part of next week for a
What Plodders Accomplish.
If wo were to examine a list of tho
men who havo left their marks on the
world, we should find that, as a rule,
it is not composed of those who were
brilliant in youth, or who gave great
promlso at the outset of their careers,
but rather of the plodding young men
who, if they have not dazzled by their
brilliancy, have had the power of a day's
work In them, who could stay by a task
until It was done, and well done; who
have had grit, persistence, common sense
It is the steady exercise of these ordi
nary, homely virtues, united with aver
age ability, rather than a deceptive dis
play of more showy qualities In youth,
that enables a man to achieve greatly
and honorably. So, if we were to at
tempt to -make a forecast of the success
ful men of the future, we should not
look for them among the ranks of the
"smart" boys, those who think they
"know it all" and are anxious to win
by a. short route.
HAS GOOD INDIANS.
Searly 100,000 la Canada and They
Cnase No Trouble.
Among the books in which the noble
red man figures, that Issued annually
by the Department of Indian Affairs of
the Canadian Government Is, In its matter-of-fact
way, as interesting as any the
romanticists have given to the world. It is
In agreement with the more stirring vol
umes In one thing at least. In It the In
dian is regarded as a child In mind, wno
has to be educated up to the civilized
man's standard. And the process Is a
slow one. Old Crowfoot of the Blackfcet
one of the cleverest and one of the most
loyal of the Western tribesmen, was op
posed to hla people becoming owners of
cattle because their possession of herds,
ho said, would be followed by the closing
of tho government's ration-house. This
ration-house and other services designed
for the Indians' benefit cost the govern
ment last year $1,019,329. There were also
disbursements of $274,063 from tho proceeds
of the trust funds managed by the gov
ernment, and which reached tho consider
able total of $3,941,393, or about $40 a head
of tho Indian population, which is given
for last year as follows:
Nova Scotia 2,020
New Brunswick 1,665
Prince Edward's Island 315
British Columbia 21.667
Northwest territories 17.927
Outside treaty limits 14.666
This Is an increase over the figures of
1900 of 517. spread generally throughout
the provinces and due partly to natural
growth, partly to accessions to the bands
from outside the country, or In the non
treaty regions. The natural Increase Is
given aa 239, the births recorded having
numbered 2179, and the deaths only 2240.
The larger proportion of deaths Is attrib
uted, directly or indirectly, to scrofulous
or pulmonary troubles, and It Is added
that apart from epidemics, the average
of health depends largely on the character
of tho Winter. The latter statement
means much as to what has .not been ac
complished In bringing the subjects of It.
to. an appreciation of the comforts of civ
ilized life and to an acceptance of the
steady toll hy which they can be secured.
The policy of the department Is de
scribed as that of amalgamating the In
dians" with the other classes of the com
munity, first fitting them for the full re
sponsibilities of citizenship. This policy,
or the machinery provided thereunder, tho
report sayo, while satisfactory up to a
certain point, has not proved as successful
as desired. In Ontario an extended ex
perience shows that graduates of the
schools, .educational and Industrial, with
the rarest exceptions, return to the com
munities of their race, and although per
haps better equipped than the majority
of those who seek employment of various
kinds among tho whites In their vicinity
none- the less to all intents and purposes
remain Indians, with all their deepest in
terests, affections and ambitions centered
in their reserves. The state of affairs is
naturally more marked in th newer re
gions, but this may have a good as well
as a bad side, as. in the opinion of those
who study the situation, until tho West
ern, tribes reach the standard of those
which in the East have been longer in
contact with whlto men, "the graduates of
the schools may be doing the greatest
amount of good in tho direction of elevat
ing their race by returning to live on their
reserves." In regard to them the depart
ment's duty Is in the direction of guard
ing against their retrogression, and It Is
experimenting in the direction of estab
lishing little colonies of them on the re
serves in the hope that they will not only
retain for themselves the benefits re
ceived at the schools, but exert a benefi
cial Influence upon tho people.
'Longshoremen Take a Xevr Xnme.
CHICAGO. July 19. Before the ad
journment of its eleventh annual con
vention tonight the International 'Long
shoremen's Association became, by a
vote of 200 delegates present, the Inter
national r 'Longshoremen, Marino and
Transport Workers. Daniel J. Keefe, of
Chicago, and Henry J. Barter, of Detroit,
wero elected president and secretary
treasurer respectively. As the head men
of the executive committee, they will bo
assisted by nlrte vice-presidents, includ
ing J. A. Madsden. of Portland, Or. Or
ganization of new local systems are to
bo wherever possible, and special efforts
are to be made on tho Atlantic and Pa
Refuse to Accept Reduction.
ELWOOD. Ind., July 19. The members
of the Amalgamated Association of Iron
and Steel Workers here and at Anderson,
Ind., tonight voted not to accept the re
duction of 25 per cent In wages asked by
the American Tin Plate Company. The
proposition was made by the manufactur
ers so that they could securo a contract
from the Standard Oil Company for 1,500.
000 boxes of tin if the men would accept
a reduction in wages equal to 25 per cent
of their earnings.
TJnion Pacific Imports Men.
OMAHA, July 19. Forty men. the larg
est single Importation yet made, came In
today to take places in the local and
other shops of the Union Pacific system.
Strikers' pickets made a demonstration
when the train arrived, but the guard of
40 men prevented interference. Tho
strikers declare that 10 of the new men
joined their forces today.
Sales of Antiques.
NEW YORK, July 19. Two interesting
sales have Just been held at Christies,
one consisting of porcelain, sculpture, fur
niture and old French tapestry, and the
other of Jewels and lace, cables the Lon
don correspondent of the Herald. A rare
16th century gold pendant, containing a
miniature of Queen Elizabeth, fetched the
top price of the sales, $25,250.
Hnrrlmna Sells St. Joseph Holdings.
ST. JOSEPH, Mo., July 19. The prop
erty of the St. Joseph Railway, Light,
Heat &. Power Company, which Includes
the street railway system, an electric
lighting plant steamheatlng plant, and
other utilities, has been sold by E. H.
Harriman, of New York, to Sellgrnan &
Co., and E. W. Clark & Co. The company
is bonded for $3,500,000.
Settled on Eight Per Cent Bails.
HOUSTON, Tex.. July 19. Tho striko of
the Southern Pacific shopmen was octtlea
so far as Houston was concerned today,
but the settlement does not include tne
strikes at El Paso or San Antonio. About
750 men are affected by the strike. The
men struck for 10 per cent Increase after
the company had offered 6, and the settle
ment reached was on an 8 per cent basis.
Killed by Boiler Explosion.
COLUMBUS, Miss.. July 19. The saw
mill of Prldmore &. Reese, at McCracy,
Miss., was destroyed by an explosion of
boilers today. Both proprietors and two
other men wero killed.
China Accepts Tien Tsin Conditions.
PEKIN, July 19. The Chinese officials
have formally notified the Ministers of
the powers of their acceptance of condi
tions of -the restoration of Tien Tain to
HERALD PRAISES FO
(Catarrhal Dyspepsia and
Systemic catarrh causes nervousness,
poor appetite, tired feelings. Peruna
cures catarrh wherever located.
LETTERS FROM "WOMEN.
Miss Anna Prcscott's Letter.
MLss Anna Prescott, in a letter from
216 South Seventh street, Minneapolis,
"I vran completely used up last
Fnllj my appetite had failed, and I
felt weak and tired all the time. My
drnercrlst advised me to try Peruna,
and the relief I experienced after
tnUIns one bottle was truly wonder
ful. "I continued Its use for nve -weeks,
and am glad to say that my cam
plete restoration jo health -was a
THE SPEAK FOR LABOR
(Continued from First Paze )
women for 40 cents per hour and child la
bor for 10 to 20 cents per hour. There
is no law at the present time against the
employment of children in Alabama.'
Aaralnst Enslaving; Yonngr.
"Wc are going to fight asalnot enslav
ing tho young until Injustice Is dethroned.
Right must win. And we are not going
to fight by means of revolutions, either.
But we are going one day to get a little,
anothor day something more, and so on.
We will stop when we get enough. News
papers used to roast trades- unions and
especially people like Lcnnon and my
self. We used to be treated like beggars.
Now it Is all changed. We have grown
to be respected. In every city we want a
newspaper we can rely on. If you want
to bo true to your obligation?, be true to
your trades unions. Let us nail our true
Union colors to tho mnsf nc Mo-Vi io n..
banner ever flew, and if true to ourselves
nnd to those dependent upon us, there will
soon be a change effected for the better
among the workers of tho world, and
everj' man and every woman will receive
tho full product of their labor."
Speech of Jnmet Duncan.
The last speaker was James Duncan,
of Boston, Mass., another of the vlco-
preswents of the American Federation
of Labor, and ho gave an Interesting re
sume of strikes and adverse social con
ditions known to exist before the Chris
tian era. "Years ago., and not so very
long, either, before trades unionism gave
us shortor hours and moro pay, the
working man did not have so good a
chance as now to be well informed,"
went on Mr. Duncan. "Ho usually came
home tired out after his day's toll, and
after supper he would tako up the news
paper and light his pipe. Then in a lit
tle while he would fall asleep by the fire
and the baby would likely play with the
paper. Other similar days followed. But
slnco those days, we have snatched ono
hour or two with extra compensation,
from. tho capitalist, and have the tlmo
now to buy a book and read it." Tho
speaker then told of labor troubles in
Ancient Greece and Rome, when strikes
occurred and the aid of legislatures had
to be Invoked to settle trade disputes be
tween employer and employed.
Mr. Duncan also told ot the better so
cial conditions existing nt the golden age,
of the teachings of Jesus, the carpenter
of Nazareth, and of the 10 centuries when
tho nations only thought of conquest.
Ho rapidly sketched Magna Charta time,
the creation of trade guilds, co-operative
groups, and trades unionism as wo know
it today. The Btartlng of the American
Federation of Labor was next touched
on. and arguments presented showing
how the hours of labor have decreased
Hairlessness is born of
carelessness. Don't be care
less with your hair. Use it
well, or it will leave you.
Ayer's Hair Vigor cares for
the hair, makes it stay with
you. It always restores color
to gray hair, and keeps it
soft and smooth.
" I was bothered greatly with dan
druff and falling of the hair, but after
using only one bottle of Ayer's Hair
Vigor my hair stopped falling and the
dandruff disappeared." Miss Lucile
Hardy, El Dorado Springs, Mo.
I fl.W. tiSXintM- J.CAYE8CO.,Lots11,M8C.
ticiitQteifrjoon1trTtfr1ttTTT t-t-r -- j mm.
OF FAIR WOMEN
(Nervous Prostration Makes !nya35ds of More Women
AS1 Other Diseases Combined.)
hnppy surprise to myself as well as
to ray friends.' Anna Preseott.
Pe-ro-na a True Friend to Women.
Mis3 Florence Allan, a beautiful Chi
cago girl, writes tho following from 75
"As a tonic for a worn-out system, Pe
runa stands at the head in my estimation.
Its effects are truly wonderful In re
juvenating the entire system. I keep it
on hand all tho time, and never have
that 'tired feeling,) as a few deses al
ways make me feel like a. different wo
man." Florenco Allan.
Peruna, will be found to effect an Im
mediate and lasting euro in all cases of
systemic catarrh. It acts quickly and
beneficially on the diseased mucous mem
branes, and with, healthy mucous mem
branes tho catarrh can no lonsor exist.
with Increased compensation, as the re
sult of trades unionism.
"We workers are not only Interested In
getting the full reward of our labor."
proceeded Mr. Duncan, "but wo are
working on lines Icadtrig up to municipal
reform. In Boston the law requires that
free transfers shall be given on all trolley-car
lines, and that the trolley-car
companies shall pave between the tracks
and clean the stro&ts. In Baltimore the
trolloy-car company Is forced by law to
pay the city a portion of its gross profits,
which Is applied by the city in beautify
ing public parks. Why don't you get
similar advantages from trolley-car com
panies here? Write to those who can
give you the information. and then act.
Don't go to the politician ho Is in the
employment of the other fellow. Greece
sought after beauty: Rome conquest;
France seeks after fashion. Great Britain
colonics, and she lost the one we are now
on. The United States Is a political dem
ocracy; let us make it an industrial dem
ocracy." At intervals between the speeches.
Brown's orchestra -played sevoral selec
tions in flrst-clas3 style.
SIGHT OF CHILDREN.
Eyes of Attendants nt Public Schools
Should Be Examined.
The appointment of nearly a dozen doc
tors to look after cases ot ophthalmia in
tho schools and to separate the sufferers
by that disease from the healthy pupils is
merely what we should look for in a sea
son when this Infectious disorder 13 preva
lent. But why not extend the work of the
physicians to cover the whole field of de
fective vision? There are many pupils In
our schools who are gaining an education
at the cost of 3lght: at least, the strain
put upon their eyes by reading 13 such
that their eyes will never be sound again.
By attention at the beginning of a school
career the defects of vision might be reme
died either by an operation or by glasses,
and the pupil would be spared both imme
diate pain and subsequent injury. Some
half-hearted 'attempts have been made
from time to time to secure this attention,
but the only way is to pay for tho services
of physicians who are competent. Most
of the children In our schools are poor.
The specialists among phjslclan3 charge
so much that expert advice to such chil
dren Is not to be looked for. Only hy a.
general system of inspection to last
thrmnrh tYi nrnlnff week or fortnight
1 of a term can the necessary treatment
1 be secured.
"A Look and Half a Look."
New York Press.
While in Florida, traveling tho country
road, I asked a native how far it was to
the next town, and his reply was, after
squinting sharply in the direction of the
place: "Wal, I reckin hit's about a look
an a half look." That meant as far as
I could see and half as far again, pro
vidlne our ranees of vision wen th same.
whlch was not nearly the case, as I was
unaccustomed to looking across the pine
barrens. The origin of the expression
puzzled me for a long time, but at last it
la .settled. After Abraham went out of
Egypt the Lord said to him: "Lift up
now thine eyes and look from the place
where thou art. northward and south
ward, and eastward and westward. For
all tho land which thou ssest, to thee
will I give It, and to thy seed for ever."
River Front Blaze.
About 2:45 o'clock, this morning firo
broke out at the woodyard of the Ban-fleld-Veysey
Fuel Company, Fourteenth
and Savler streets. The los3 Is not
Bryan Goes on a Spenklnjr Tour.
LINCOLN, Neb.. July 19. W. J. Bryan
left tonight for an extended speaking tour
of the Eastern States. His principal polit
ical address will be at the New England
Democratic Lcacue meetinc. Julv 21. Tho
l trip is understood to bo the beginning of
Peruna 3Iakci You Feel Like a Sew
Miss Marie Ccats, a popular young wo
man of Appleton, Wis., and president of
the Appleton' Young Ladles' Club, writes:
"When that languid, tired feeling comes
over you, and your food no longer tastes
good, and small annoyances irritate you,
Peruna will make you feel like another
person Inside of a week.
"I hive now ustd It for three seasons,
and find It very valuable and efficacious."
Miss Marie Coats.
If you do not derive prompt and satis
factory result? from the use of Peruna
write at once to Br. Hartman. giving a
full statement of your case, and he will
be pleased to give you his valuable ad
Address Dr. Kartman, President of the
Hartman Sanitarium. Columbus, O.
an active campaign on the part of Mr.
Bryan during the Summer and Fall
"What was the cause of that awful
racket and disturbance In your office Just
before you came?" asked one of the ten
ants on the third floor.
"You know that joung cowboy that
came yesterday to begin the study of law
with me?" iaid thp other.
"Well, I thought he might as well begin
at the bottom .and I told him that when
he came down this morning the first thing
for him to do would be to clean out the
office. He found half a dozen fellows
there waiting for me, but he did it, all
If you wish to enjoy a day of rest and
pleasure, take the O. R. & N. train from
Union depot at a A. M. for a short trip
up the Columbia, returning. If desired, by
boat from Cascade Locks. Tickets and
particulars at O. It. & N. ticket office.
Third Jnd "v ashlnston
Love is unequally
yoked with sickness.
Labor is lightened by
love, but love cannot
lighten pain or relieve
it. Many a man looks
on at his wife's suffering
willing to do anything
to aid her and able to da
the husband's attention 13 directed to
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription and
its remarkable cure3 of womanly dis
eases. He may not have much hope of
a cure, but he is led to try the medicine,
with the result that in almost every case
there is a perfect and permanent cure.
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription cures
irregularity. It dries the drains which
weaken women, heals inflammation and
ulceration.and cures female weakness.
As a tonic for women who are nervous,
sleepless, worn-out and run-down "Fa
vorite Prescription" is unequalcd.
"In answer to your letter I will aay, my wife
commenced to complain twenty years ago,"
writes Lewis A. Miller, ex-Chlef-of-PolIce, of 33
Prospect St.. Weissport, Pa. "We hare tried the
skill of twelve different doctors. She took gal
lons of medicine during the time she was ill.
until I wrote to ymi and you told us what to do.
She has taken eight bottles of Dr. Pierce's Fa
vorite Prescription and six of the 'Golden Med
ical Discovery. She can do her own work now
and can walk around again and is quite smart."
"Favorite Prescription" has the testi
mony of thousands of women to its com
plete cure of womanly diseases. Do not
accept an unknown and unproved sub
stitute in its placz.
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets invigor
ate stomach, liver and bowels.
MAN'S MISSION ON
Medical Book Free.
"Know Thjself," & book ror men only; rtr
ujar it let. 5u centa. v,ill tre uent free ualeJ
lo:paid) to any male reader of this paper, tf
cent tor postage. AUdreus the l'eabudy
Medical Institute. 4 Irtllnnch street. Bos
ton. 11 aj.. estaDlighed In lbGO. the oldest and
faa; In America. Write today for free book.
"Tb Key to Health nnd Haplneaw."
"Editor's Nntn For 40 J" the Feaioir
HjUIIOI 2-tUlU uedlcat Institute has nea
a Used fact, and It will remain to. It 1 aa
ntardanl as American Gold.
The Peabody Md!cl Institute baa maay
lmltatora. but no eauals. Boston Herald.