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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (Aug. 26, 1900)
THE BU-mAY. :0SE50NlAKf PtfRTjQEND, AUGUST 26, I90ff.
(Copyrighted, 1S00, by Frank Carpenter.)
MANILA, July 2, 1300. The Philippine
Islands do a foreign business of more
than $30,000,000 a year, and of this the
United States Is not setting its share of
the profits. One ot the blgi importing
Anns of Manila today gave Its check at
ihe Custom-house for $97,000 In gold. This
was the duty on one shipment of goods.
This "was petroleum, and came from Rus
sia. The most of the kerosene used In the
Philippines comes .from that country, not
withstanding the United States has the
greatest petroleum fields' in the world.
We raise 'more cotton than any other
land, but the cotton goods used hero come
from England and Germany. We have the
chief iron mines and the -best hardware,
but Germany and England are supplying
the Philippines. California is nearer Ma
nila than either Spain or France, but the
wfnes consumed are from the latter coun
tries. In fact, about the only thing that Is now
being imported here In great quantities
from America Is beer. This was brought
to Manila by the" shipload as soon as the
Americans took possession of the country.
I crossed the Pacific with the agent of one
firm who made $250,000 by getting his cargo
of beer in first. Other men have done al
most as well, and today all the leading
makes of American beer are sold here.
The beer is largely consumed by Ameri
cans. Within six months after our troops
landed, the number of Manila's saloons
was multiplied by 10. There are now a
hundred here where there was one before,
the chief support of all being the Ameri
can soldiers. The beer sells at high prices,
the ordinary bottle costing 25 cents In
gold, or more than three times as much
as at borne.
Tou would think that the United States
should furnish the most of the butter and
other canned goods of the Philippines. It
does not. The bulk of the canned stuff
conies from Europe, but Australia is push
ing her way in far ahead of the Ameri
cans. We have Australian canned fruits
on onr dining tables, and our army is now
, eating ..Australian butter and Australian
beef? The duties at present are so great
as lo make such Importations prohibitive.
A can of California pears which sells for
30.conts in San Francisco would have to
pay an additional 30 cents as duty before
It could enter Manila,
As to other products, France, Switzer
land and Austria ship largely to this mar
ket. Machinery, paper and silks come
from France, furniture of the bentwood
variety from Austria and glass and glass
ware, as well as iron, paper and cement,
from Belgium. We take more of the ex
ports of the Philippines than any other
country, but we get less In return. Last
year all the United States goods sold In
Manila were worth in round numbers $130,
K In gold, upon which we paid a duty
of SJ6.O09. In addition to this there were
some goods sent by way of Hong Kong
-and transshipped there, which were prob
ably credited to China, but altogether the
Imports were very light,
I am told at tho Custom-house that, be
ginning with this year, there has been a
rapid Increase in American importations.
A groat deal of flour has begun to come In.
Cotton is being imported In small lots,
and also some galvanized iron and machin
ery. Quite a number of American type
writers are being shipped in, the business
firms hero seeing our machines in the
hands of the Government clerks and
thoroby appreciating their value.
I find it very hard to get accurate in-f
formation from the Custom-house. For
some reason or other the offlclalls think
financial matters should be kept secret
and that the American people have no
right to know what business is being done
until the news Is sent out from headquar
ters, tho matter of a month or a year
making no difference. Tho Custom-house
is stlM managed on the Spanish system,
the old Spanish duties being in force. The
tariff Js collected chiefly on the weight
ot the goods, and quality and price make
Take tfe matter of Jewelry, for instance.
'If a sher daUar weighing -5E grains were
has&ed over to a jeweler and turned into a
bracelet and a cold dollar weichinr 13
grains of gold wre made into a ring and
set -with 4 grains of diamonds, tho two j
articles ooariog Into a Manila Custom
htott6 would pay th same duty. One 1
4 'feat- 1llS
might be actually wortii but $2 and the ' he started until its concession Is wlth
other $36,Oi but tho weight would govern ' drawn. It has, I am told, violated the
the tariff. A pound of canned tomatoes I
FoHtog fr 3 cents in gold and a pound j
f Twin fAtakfm Twirt in nts w,.irf .
v. - . tv . t. 1 i.
uic mwo 4ti. a.ira -0 .11 as iwi-u ?4jui:3
Of othor thhtgs. Furniture pays its way
by the pound and so do silks, velvets and
wrapping papers. It is tho same with
t carpets and cottons, with, hemp, marble
and drugs, and, in fact, with almost every
The Custom-house Is doing a big busi
ness, but it seems to be run on the plan
that Dickens characterized as "the science
of how not to do It." It has an army of
clerks, many of whom are soldiers, and
others ciyil officers, but it lacks men who
are skilled in customs work. It lias a
host of Filipinos to help the other clerks,
and. notwithstanding this. It takes from a
day to a month to get a shipment of
goods through it.
"Red Tape Responsible.
If you are in. a hurry the officials will
advise you to get a Custom-house broker
to attend to your matters, and after you
have attempted once or twice to do the
work yourself, you are glad to take the
advice. The delay may be due to the
Spanish system, although It seems to me
that the red tape of "the Army has sorrie
thlng to do with it .
Take an experience which I had myself
with the office, as an instance. It re- (
lated to a package of a dozen rolls of
rVifrtcnaTVif r fllmo Trftrtli tf17 'TxrJllr! TPPrfl
shinned to me from Hong Kong. The
shipment and the bills were -all In regular,
order, and the duty was only a matter r
of 27 cents, but It took me a whole half .
day to pay It. when I said I was In a J
hurry for the goods, I was told that they (
could .not be possibly passed through the
Custom-house in one day. I tried: to
get them, nex'ertheless, and thereupon be
gan my labors, which lasted from morn
ing until noon. The box had to be hunt-'
ed up and weighed. Then the rolls of 1
films were taken out and weighed one by ,
one, the wrapping paperbelng placed on '
top to see that It paid Its share of tho '
duty. I then, had to make out a dec-!
from one clerk to another, through the
various offices of the Custom-house.
I venture that at least twenty-five clerks t
each passed on that 27 cents'- worth of ,
duty, each carefully indorsing the three j
papers and passing them on to the next.
In many Instances a record was made in
the books, and at last I was given a paper
and told to go to the cashier and pay)
the duty. After this I got my box. . I '
was much better treated than the ordin- j
ary customer, being invariably pushed for
ward In advance 'bf the Filipinos and
Chinese, who were waiting by the score
to have their wants attended to. ,
I can seo how this custom system might
have been a profitable one to the Span- '
lsh officials, where, as a rule, every clerk
collected his toll, but It Is radically
wrong for Americans, and It should be !
Changed at once. The commercial trav
elers who are here from the United States '
are complaining about It. They say it
Interferes with their business, and they j
can do nothing on account of It. Indeed
the slowness of the customs service of ,
Manila has been so notorious that tho
European Insurance companies extend
their Insurance on goods to a month after
their arrival, or until they have passed
from the Custdm-house Into the hands .
of the Importer.
At the same time the customs receipts '
are showing a considerable " Increase, j
They are now $800,000 a month, and they I
will be more than 5S.O00.O00 this year. This
will be at the port of Manila alone. It j
does not include the six ports of Ho Ho. J
Cebu. Zamboanga. Siassl and Jolo. It
shows that the business of the Philippine
Islands has already begun to Increase,
and this increase will probably continue.
Taxes on Business.
In order that American trade may be
Increased here, there should be a consid
erable reduction in the taxes on all kinds
of business. The Spanish laws still pre
vail, as I, have said, and "every one who
attempts to engage In any undertaking for
profit must pay a part of his receipts to
the government. Bankers, importers and
shipowners are charged from 51000 to $375
a year, according to the amount of busi
ness done, while money lenders or small
pawnbrokers pay from $250 to $S0. Bank
ing establishments also pay 5 per cent of
their prollts. There Is a tax on all sal
aries. Directors, administrators and at
torneys are charged 5 per cent of their
Incomes, and, every one who receives $100
a month and upward must turn In 1 pet
cent of his salary to the government.
All storekeepers pay heavy taxes. Those
who deal In hardware, jewelry and optical
goods are charged from $400 to, $143 per
annum, provided they act also as Import
ers. If they buy from middlemen the
charges are reduced one-half. Shoemak-
ers who import pay $2W per annum, drug
stores $400, hardware stores $300 and small
shops selling wine, beer and canned
goods, $30. Chinese druggists are charged
$400, and Chinese provision stores $100.
There Is a taxere on the butcher, the
baker and the candlestick maker. The
barber pays so much every threo months,
and this is so with many other tradesmen.
There is not u man or a woman doing
business In Manila who Is not taxed, and
RICH TOWN HOUSES OF LUZON.
even the market peddler who brings In a
basket of vegetables has to pay her toll
before she can sell.
A large number of the businesses in the
past have been monopolies farmed out by
the government. There Is a beer brewery
hsre which claims that it alone has the
right to make beer in the Philippines tnitil
-wie company nas aireaay maae a
fortune, and today no other brewery can
terms of its contract with the government
Jn that it agreed to sell beer In Manila at
fcu rnt - iit- it -ii,. -,-., i
.1.1 .. .. .t. .t .1 A.- .- 1
una jaauc uJ iu uits lime lutii me Allien-
cans came in, when It Jumped to 40 cents
per litre, which is its present charge.
Tfco collection ot the taxes of different
classes has in the past been farmed out
,, tlnri Tho mjm Trbn fnsneeted the
weights and measures of the city paid j
$7000 for the privilege, although, the- ac- t
tual Income from sucn inspection, accora-
ing to his report, amounted to J240J a
year. He, of course, made the difference 1
between this amount and his profits bj
blackmailing and squeezing.
Taxes on. Markets.
The collection of the taxes on -the" mar
kets was done In the same way,., When
the Government took charge tills was
abolished, and the receipts from the mar-
. , Jfs;,
k.ets for the three days following were
only & Per day. It was turned "over to
one ol lne unuea mates collectors, uuu
the receipts rose soon to $150 a day.
Shortly after this an American paid the
Government $180 a day to collect, the taxes,
and It Is currently reported that he then
made $C0 a day in addition. This wasa
rise of morq than $200 per day in the ac
tual receipts. Then the Provost Marshal
took the collection of these, taxes -into
his own hands. He saw that every per
son paid his tax, and within two months
the city was receiving $350 per day. It Is
now getting from $575 to $625 a day, and
the receipts are still rising.
The charges for market places show just
how every trade is taxed. Every tran
sient peddler pays 1 cent per day for each
square meter of ground she occupies.
I say she, for tho marketing Is done al
most altogether by women. If the place
is occupied for a week it is considered
permanent, and even if the woman has
only a basket her tax may be raised as
high as 10 cents per square meter. None
are charged, however, more thanjSO cents
per day, or $24 per month for the right to
sell In the market, and this last 'charge Is
for a space about as large as-the 'average
American parlor, or about 16 feet wide
by 22 feet long. The peddlers on boats In
the canals pay 1 cent per day, per square
meter of boat surface, or an amount rang
ing from 3 cents to 75 cents, accbrdlng to
whether they have dugout canoes or car
A concession was given for the collec
tion of taxes on horses, wagons and draft
animals: this sold for about $45,000 for a
term of three years, and on this contract
I am told, one man recently made more
than $2000 a month. Large profits were
made on other things of the same na
ture,' and, indeed, almost every fat gov
ernment job was a concession.
Manila is rapidly putting on Its, Ameri
can clothes. You see American signs on
every street, and although most of the
businesses so far started are small, tho
day will come when there will be large
1 American stores here handling all kinds
of American goods. At present we have
an American drug store. It is a big one,
and it does a large business "in novels,
light literature and stationery as well as
j'ln quinine and pills. There is one Ameri
can jewelry store. There should be more,
for an enormous amount of Jewelry Is -sold
here. The people Invest most of their sav
las ln- dlalnonds and gold and silver orna.
Demand for American Watches.
There are large - foreign stores selling
watches and precious stones, and also j
East Indian merchants, who handle sil
verware and all kinds of jewelry. I Tin-
derstand the stores are having' many de
mands for American watches. So "far the
most that I have seen are of Swiss make.
They are sold at low prices, -and are much
bought' by the so'dlers. "Our American
watch companies shouldstudy this mar
ket and push their goods; v
One younff American is making a fortune
here in sailing fine confectioneries, soda
water. Ice cream and American breads He
opened with a small sljop, but he has now
one of the biggest places on the Escolta
and Is increasing his business every day.
Another successful establishment is
called the American Bazaar. It sells all
.kinds of American goods, and I see that
its advertisement in today s newspaper
states that it bas 10 tons of gents' fur
nishing goods just In from 'Frisco. Among
the items mentioned are 0 kinds of com-
nlete suits of underwear, and -a certain
I garter at $1 Mexican, -syhlch "will wear
five years, 10 cents a year. '
The chief business that the ex-soidter
goes Into In ' Manila :,ls ' the opening 'of
hotels and boarding-Houses. You find
Yankee hotels and "restaurants every
where, advertised under all kinds of
IN THE MANILA MARKET.
names. One is called "Mother's Home,"
another the "Oregon Hotel,'' and a third
the' "Washington Restaurant." We have
the "Hoffman House," the "Astor
House," the "Commercial," the "Golden
Eagle," the "United States,', the "Callfor
nlan," and a dozen and.one otjier places
where you can get cold fced.ber and cof
fee " "like your mother make's." As to
saloons, they are to be( found t every
where and all the saloonmen are making
money. Both hotels and saloons pay
high licenses. .
There are a number of our professional
men who hav.ejhung out their signs in
Manila. Therfen are half 4a dozen lawyers
and an equal .number of dentists and doc
tors. The dentists are .11 busy and they
all tell me thtjy are doing well. I know
one who made $700 "silver," . last week,
and who claims that he has,made as high
as $3000 and upward a month. All of the
dentists have high charges. Their cus
tom is among both the Filipinos and'
Americans. Some of them occasionally
make trips over the country, going from
army post to army post" to attend to the
teeth of the soldiers.
American Importing' Houses.
There are several Arheiican importing
and exporting firms here, but none so far"
are doing a very large business. The
most of the Importers deal largely In
liquors, advertising extensively the dif
ferent brands of American whiskies.
There are several photographers, who
are doing well. They, charge 25 cents for
views, even when they, are no larger than
carte de visltes, and get big prices for
portrait work. They .tell me. there are
openings here for a good photographic
supply house and for retail dealers In
photographing materials." 4
There Is' an American barber shop, an
American shoe shop, one or two American
street peddlers, and, in fact," Americans
of all trades, classes anil conditions.
I would say, however, that there Is no
chance here for the 8ma.ll -peddler and
not much for the small dealer. The Chi
nese have all the petty retail business,
and thry can live so cheaply that the
petty American cannot compete with
them. . FRANK G. CARPENTER.
HESITATED AND WAS LOST.
An Amateur's Experience With "Old
Of all the Irascible old fellows, of all
the terrors to actors at rehearsal, dear
old peculiar Couldock, was the worst. Of
all things he hated most It was an ama
teur trying to break Into the theatrical
business under "false 'pretenses." Sucn
an ambitious youth once made applica
tion for a small part and, as circum
stances were, a young ,man was needed.
This "particular one was a cheerful liar,
and said he had been with Forrest and
the elder Booth, etc., and he was en
gaged, although he had never,' said a lino
in all his life. He was turned over to
tho long-suffering stage manager, who
"You will rehearse tomorrow morning
at 10:30. It'ls not likely" hat the 'gov'ner
(meaning Couldock) will be, there but
ho may be, and he is particular about
'lines'; so study liard, and If he should
happen 'down, on your life you'd better
know every 'If and but.'"
Next morning they were rehearsing,
and the ambitious youth had a "line"
which was: - '
"I hesitate to give you my answer."
He had just gotten to "I hesitate" t
when he looked over his shoulder and
saw Couldock glaring at him from "up
stage." That settled it.. His mind be
came a dead blank. He made a manful
attempt, and said: -.
'T hesitate I hesitate.' He bit his
nails, shuffled on his feet "I hesitate,"
he said again, and then,, taking a long
breath, he said, "I hesitate."-
This was too much for Couldock. He
camo down to the youth, raised both
hands over him, and in 'a tone of thun
der and passion he roared -out:
"Yes,-1 see you hesitate. .You are dis
charged." Denver Times.
The Gunner's Joke.
From the Indies of the East to the Indies of
Wo have taught the smokeless lesson that the
blffgest Is tho best."
And, "as. we are the largest by about a mll-
-Tho lesson's "written Sown, so plainly that he
may read who runs;
, . , .. , Ban Francisco Call.
JUDGE WILLIAMS OX THE SENSA
TIONAL, FIGHT OF 3S60.
Combination in the Leelslnture
' Which. Ended the Political Ca- '
rscrs of Lane and Smith.. . .
My personal recollections of the election
of Baker nd Nesmlth are very much
bedlmmed by the lapse of 40 years, but
at The Oregonlan's request I will write
4 out what I can now recall relative to that
event. Prior to 1S56 the people .of Ore
gon were divided Into two parties. Whig
and Democratic. There were a few scat
tering Republicans, or, as they were then
called, Abolitionists, but they had no par-
j ty organization. In 1856. a convention .of
nepuuiiL.ujs was iieiu at AiDany to ur-
ganizo their party. That was before
Oregon was admitted into the Union as a
state. Slavery, here as elsewhere, had
become an absorbing question. Whether
Oregon should be a free or a slave state
was discussed with no little feeling, and
this discussion weakened the devotion of
many Democrats to their party, which,
to all Intents and purposes, had become
a pro-slavery party. Buchanan's policy
in trying to force slavery Into Kansas
cqntrary to the will of a majority of the
people there, was offensive to a consider
able number of Democrats. In 1858 there
was a split In the Democratic party.
One faction nominated L. F. Grover ana
the other James K. Kelly for Congress.
Ostensibly this split was caused by cer
tain resolutions with reference to the ob
ligation of Democrats to support the nom.
.inees of party caucuses and conventions,
but there was a latent feeling about
slavery in the controversy that gave to
it sharpness and intensity. One thing
after another occurred to widen the
breach, .until the line was pretty clearly
drawn between those Democrats who held
that the Constitution by its own inherent
force established slavery in the territories
and those who held that the people of a
territory had a right to decide for them
selves whether or not they would have
slavery. Substantially there was no dif
ference between Douglas Democrats and
Republicans as to the extension of slav
ery, and all othei; questions were prac
tically ignored. Those who favored ,the
existence of slavery In the territories
under the Constitution came to be known
as Breckinridge Democrats, and those op
posed to-thls doctrine as Douglas Demo
crats. Jndgre Williams Opposes Smith.
General Lane and Delazon Smith were
Senators in Congress, elected In 1S5S:
They wero thoroughgoing Breckinridge
men. I had a good deal to do with the
election of Baker and. Nesmith, and
hope I shall be excused for what I say
about myself. I had become so com
pletely disgusted with the slavery propa
ganda that I determined to the extent
of my power and influence to prevent the
election ot Lane and Smith or any other
Breckinridge man. Accordingly, In Marcn,
1S60, I went Into Linn County, where Mr.
Smith lived, and told him that I intended
to canvass that county in the interests of
the Douglas Democracy, and that my pur
pose was,, if possible, to beat him and
Lane -for the Senate, and Invited him to
go with me and answer, if he could, my
objections to his re-election. We traveled
together through the rain and mud and
addressed the people In different parts of
tho country, ho taking 'the Breckinridge
slda and I the Douglas side of the slavery
question. Smith and I were personal
friends and oUr personal relations wero
id no way disturbed by this canvass. We"
spoke against each other in the day time.
and usually occupied the same'be.d at
night. Delazon Smltti in many respects
was a remarkable man. He had a deep,
sonorous voice, a fine command of lan
guage, and as a stump orator was second
to none, even In Oregon, with the excep-
tion of Colonel Baker. I knew Smith
... .., ... ...... .... .v..v. ine-iJrecKmnago. ana jueugiaa ifemocracy
sermons and speeches there, but what- Twenty ballots were taken, ranging about
ever his subject he always spoke : witn- as rollowa. Nesmlth K, Williams 14. Ba
the same rhetorical force and excellence. ker ,, scatterlnff. Most of those
He was an amiable and kind-hearted man, votl for Nesmith at thl3 tlrae were
a,lS? : those voting for me.
T, iZ , 1 ""i "" -""'-" -...- j , jjougtas Democrats; JKepuMicans for Ba
district when. I was Judge, and his con- ker, No election cotfa be effected, and
versations. replete with anecdotes and ( th& convention, adjourned sine die. Moat
reminiscences of his early life were the fof Democrat3 at flm wero aver3a to
1 TT 1.1 1E mjerf au "l"Z "
heard him talk. He was not much of a
mwycr. mougn ne pracucea some utter
he came to Oregon. His forte was be-
fore a jury. He lacked stability ot char-
At the June election In Linn County.
1SG0,- J. Q. A. Worth and Bartlett Curl,
Douglas Democrats, and James McCully
and James P. Tate, Republicans, were
elected to the Legislature. Colonel Baker
camo to Oregon In the Winter of' 1S59 or
early part of 1S60. He was living in Cali
fornia, and was invited by Republicans in
Oregon to come here and be a candidate
for the Senate. David Logan, who had
been the Republican" candidate for Con
gress and defeated, aspired to the Senate,
and was not pleased with the advent of
Colonel Baker into Oregon, nor wa3
Amory Holbrook, a prominent Republican
who wanted to be Senator. I knew Colo
nel Baker before he came to the Pacific
Coast. He canvassed the State of Iowa
for General Taylor in 1843. I was then,
Judge of the First Judicial District ot
that state and adjourned my cdUr,t two
or three times for a couple of hours to
give the people) an opportunity to hear
him. He had just returned from the
Mexican War crowned with laurels, and it
was his expectation and the expectation
of the people generally In Illinois and
Iowa that, if Taylor was elected Baker
would be one of his Cabinet. He was then
in the prime of life,, and buoyant with
his prospects, and his speeches were
splendid specimens of stump oratory. I
heard him after he carrfe to Oregon. Ac
cording, to my judgment he filled the full
measure of an orator better than any
man I ever knew, and 1 have heard a
good many who were reputed to be great
orators. He was a handsome man, had a
clear, ringing, silvery Voice, a fervid Im
agination enriched by a retentive mem
ory, an easy flow of elegant language,
and held his audience with a magnetic
power. His speeches In Union Square,
New York, at the commencement of our
Civil War and at the funeral of Broder
lck, are classics in our language.
James W. Nesmith for many years was
one of the leading men of the state. He
crossed the plains in 1S43, and wasv well
SCENE ON THE MAIN CANAL AT MANILA.
and favorably known to all the pioneers.
He held office under the Provisional Gov.
ernment, distinguished himself In a war
with the Indians, was Superintendent of
Indian Affairs' and United States Marshal,
and by his long residence here and his In
timate acquaintance with the people and
interests of the sate was well equipped
to represent Oregon in the Senate. He
was a Democrat, and though he did not
take an active part In the campaign of
loO, which I inaugurated in Linn County,
it was understod that he was in sym
pathy with the Douglas Democracy. I
opposed the re-election of General Lane
entirely on political grounds. Personally
I had the most kindly feeling for him. He
was a brave, big-hearted man, and de
served well of his countiy- for his services
In civil and mflitary life, but was an un-
compromlslng pro-slavery man, largely ;
due) no doubt, to his Southern birth and
his association with Southern men in
Senators Ran Away.
On! September 22, 1SO0. a Joint convention, I
of the two houses of the Legislature was
hefd-for the election ot two Senators ta
succeed Lana and Smith. There were 13
Republicans, and the rest of the Legisla
ture g aD0Ut equally divided between
I any coalition with the Republicans, but It
I was found Impossible for the Breckinridge
, and Douglas Democrats to unite upon
. nl,rhni1v paA , ,J..,wlmr, ,,,, ,.
Dalnnce Qfp0wer. An effort was made to
prcVant any election, and to that end
Messrs. Brown. Berry. Florence. Flts-
1 hugh. Monaoe and Mclteeny. Breckln-
ridge men and Senators, vacated their
I seats in the Senate, so as to break up a
i quorum In that body, and concealed thera
! selves so that they could not be found.
I though a warrant was issued for their !
arrest. Governor Whlttaker made on
earnest and pacrlotlc appeal to them to
return to their duties and deprecated any
revolutionary proceedings to defeat an
election, and after an absence of about
12 days they resumed their seats.
1 On October 1. 1S80. another joint conven
tion was held, at which on the 34th ballot
Baker and Nesmith were-elected. On the
final ballot the vote stood for the long
term, 27 for Nesmith and 22 for Deady:
for the short term, 26 for Baker and 20
for Williams. All of the Douglas Demo
crats and all tho Republicans, with two
1 or three exceptions voted for Nesmith and
Baker. The vote for Deady and Williams
was merely a pro forma vote, for befora
1 the vote was taken It was well understood
that the Douglas Democrats and Repub
licans had coalesced by an agreement to
vote for Nesmith and Baker. Judgo
Deady at that time was a Breckinridge
Democrat, and the Breckinridge men
I 'voted for him because ho represented
their views, as there was no possible
chance of electing Lane or Smith, and on
I the final ballot tnc Deady men voted for
, me. not because they wanted me elected.
t but as a sort of protest against the agree
ment to elect Nesmith and Baker.
There was the usual caucusing, wire-pulling
and .buttonholing about this elec
tion, the particulars of which have passed
, out of my mind. I am quite sure that I
was the choice of a large majority of the
l Dougld3 Democrats in the state for Sen
ator at that time, for the reason, if for
no other, that I had done a large part of
' the work to make the Legislature what
It wa3 not that there were not plenty of
' other Democrats anxious for that result,
J but in those days It was customary to
I call those who took an open and bold
stand against slavery aDoutionlsts, ana
. few among Democrats were willing by
1 public utteran?es to incur the odium that
, was then attached to that appellation, t
was not in favor with the "Salem telique,"
' as It was called, consisting ot five or six
able and Influential men afiVlatsd wli
' the Douglas Democracy, and they worked
diligently ag-itnst me, and for Nesmith.
Otherwise I believe I would have been
a colleague with Baker In the Senate. 1
1 state this not to complain of it. but as a
fact connected with that electlqn. Nes
mith fully justified his election by the
able and earnest support he gave to Lin
coln's administration, and his Vote for
the 13th amendment to the Constitution
abolishing slavery in the United States.
GEORGE H. WILLIAMS.
Fanny Qnlps of the Funny "Writers
Over Row in the Orient.
Rumors, like a fat man In a folded bed.
were thick and fast.
The rival press agents at Shanghai wer
six points each, and the world waited with '
He who dealt turned a jack.
"Out!" he cried, and immediately mas
sacked every foreigner in the Flowery
Kingdom. "Your little old peace rumor."
he remarked, sardonically, to his defeated
opponent, "will have to wait another
day." Indianapolis Press.
"Nothing," remarked Uncle Allen.
Sparks, "is cheaper in China than rice.
except human life. The reason of this
is that it takes so little of the one to
support the other." Chicago Tribune.
"The Chinese Boxers use their teapots
and teacups to make secret signals at
"That's not so bad, Arthur. Hereafter.
when we have company and I want you
to quit helping yourself to anything that's
scarco. I'll wave the teapot at you. In
"The Chinese Imperial trops are sldlnit
with the Boxers." said Mr. Hlland.
"It seems to be the case,"' added Mr,
Halket, "that even If the troops did no
boxing themselves, they acted as sec
onds." Pittsburg Chronicle-Telegraph.
"Our correspondent Is a little mixed In J
his atmosphere." said the news editor.
"He says the allies in China have taken j
"Mnkp it a native laundry." said thoi
chief. Philadelphia North American.
"What did Aunt Minerva say about thoi
"She said she couldn't understand toj
save her how people brought up on rlcet
pudding could be so fiendish." Indlanap-1
His Jnst Deserts.
Tho man who complains of his victuals.
And all his wife's cooking belictuols.
Should be starved till he's thin
As a. -wooden ten ttln.
Like they used In tho old ffamo of skictaabvfl
Catholic Stanaara ana -