The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, August 12, 1900, Page 4, Image 4

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ivernment Relief for Desti-
it& Cape Nome Argonauts.
Eatl-mate TJiat 3000 Men "Will
feed Aid Xctt Army Post to
Be 1'amcd Davis.
fASniNGTON', Aug. IL General Ran-
commander of the Department of
cka, has made the following report
in the condition at Nome:
It present there are about 15,000 per
ls in and about Komc. It is estimated
re -Rill he 1090 destitute hre at the
se of navigation. I request that I be
-rrlzed to .send all destitute persons
cf the country by any vessel avali-
:n cas Army transports are not
post site has been selected at the
Kth of Nome River, three and one-
f miles east of Nome. The work of
Istrrrtlon now Is progressing rapidly.
fceral Randall recommends that the
post Ix named "Davis' In honor of
icral Jefferson C. Davis, -who corn-
idea the first troops in Alaska. Ho
reports that he has chartered tile
Iboat Meteor And has collected the des
pite natives between Slnrock and Top-
: and encamped them on the beacn
it cf the Nome River. The command-
ofQccr of that camp has been directed
ifurnish subsistence and medical as
rce. Reports Indicate that the na-
cb all a one the coast are dying; of
sashes and pneumonia Smallpox has
p cherked, no new cases having been
hcrtcd In 32 days.
.1 the recommendations of General
-.da!!, above noted, have received the
broval of the Secretary of War.
bvr Miners Spread Ont Over the
Cape TV'omc Country.
'OME, Alaska, July 28. An army of
rTtors nas spread out over the coun--nd
up to this time it must be con-
sed that the results attained have been
.er unsatisfactory- About Nome the
arpectTS found the country staked for
try rr.Jes, the large size of the claims
ctcsj having made it possible for a
Irparatlvcly small number of indrvld-
!s, ty power of attorney and other
pio-is, to secure large tracts of land.
It even the hill slopes and vast ex-
-s"s or tunara having been spared by
i ubiquitous locator. In conseouence
E-rgo pc-ccntage of claims remain un-
MCC1, 'While Willlntr nrosncrtnrK -r
I re c'ar for new fields. To add to the a drought has niwaiini
'i creeks like Dexter and Snow Gulch
r?z De worrtea. and there is not wa-
enough on Anvil Creek to fumi
p-r fr more than a third of the men
...... - j developments on many creeks
l:o district which were supposed to
r.rh have shown them to be spotted.
i mo creeks much work hns hn
ne, and the work proving nrofitle.! th
i"-i:! hrve been abandoned, and up to
""" " J,cw w-ks m tne .Nome
"fri"t have made a. ronntntinn .
pt on?y to a moderate degree. '
i u ouier nana gold in large quan
cs has been found where least ex
i ted, notably on the divide v.o.
:i and Dexter, where in the past
' weeks two men nampfl Kuhon .
'kson. owing a sldohill claim near the
n-.t, nave taken out with rockers
-30 from a space 25 bv 25 fvt 'n ,-.,.
d arc-aging five feet In depth, having
ic.r water hauled in "barrels. This has
o aruve prospect work on other
ms on the divide and furthpr -iovL
grrrnts are looked forward to with in-
rcsu onouia this rich area prove to
3-rge it will aid much in rnHn..
Irdcnce in the district. Some good re
t 3 have also been attained in tundra.
Ic-pc-IInsr near the mouth of Anvil,
' . ."l'u,u'i "orraan &: WO. In a
-nt shaft found three foot nf nnv
!i.nd with pans runninc- ns hi-rh
Vcant!mo the City of Nome languishes
f-j. iwnamg lurtnor developments the
:r.J cf the hammer and the saw are
.g est and outgolne stenmprs i
pwJcl with disappointed men. That
c "strict is rich in spots is beyond
'Van. but the popular fallacv that
i--e was gold for everyone has been
it-rrrved. It will be impossible at Dres-
iit to estimate the output of the dis-Y-"t,
Of the navinir creeks Anvil mNt
"r'ns the lead and I am told bv
fretcnt authority that even with the
rs-r.t lack of water its production will
fc-.l V 000,000 to $0,000,000. Since then.
:wcer, a number of claims are In dnn-
r -f being tied un in lltltration.
ISriral of tbe outb'Ing districts have
rca strikes, notably at Tonkuk.
l!"rc the black sands in a short time
-v-.n,i si omonA k- r,n ,. n i..
- ,vwtwvt vmv , u, c svuii nuincu
-t There has been quite a stampede
"'' c Kougrock. 80 miles east' of Port
Jl-Tnce, and also to the Golovnin Bav
.ct, but no rich strikes are as vet
r"txa, nlthough some of the claims
::w promising returns.
SPrlng the past month pleasant weath-
s prevailed and prospecting has
cn ttenled by no greater hardships
zz 0' .a be round in the mountains
Orvgn Owing to bad sanitary con-
It "3 "hero Is much sickness In Nome.
"pally typhoid fever and pneumonia.
r J Jcriths are frequent. Pure water is
lew lc"ng piped In from the mountains.
rJ this will In a measure Improve the
Sec h conditions. The care of the ln-
r.t '? now receiving tho attention of
authorities. The percentage of
Itrsnlcl x.nd penniless men is dally in-
is'.ns and moasuros must soon be
ikra fT their relief. But little work
be obtained and thefts are fre-
-cru It is reported that General Ran
lall hns received hundreds of appllca-
12KS for transportation to the States.
Tho coming of the white roan has
jrought woe to the Eskimo and sown
tho crmps of the simple natives the
seeds of disease and death. An epidemic
If pneumonia and measles has broken
?ut cmJMigst them. Those who are not
trl:krn are unable to care for the dead.
rt-.3 !lo unburied on the sands. To add
Tirv:cr to their distress the living are
Sprccf-ned wltlh starvation. The mlll
inxy c-Lhorltles have sent out an expe-
ilt'3n to bury the dead and relieve the
teffcrlrgs of the living.
A c"ash occurred recently between the
..1'tr.ry and miners at Topkuk where two
il factions were contending for tho
3Se'sIn of a rich tundra claim. Tho
liners, numbering 109, were forced at
I ho p'rt of the bayonet to quit work
ia more than fi were arrested. Ten
bj ho ringleaders have been brought to
Mc f-T trial.
A revel railroad has beon built by
nar'es D Lane ta Discovery olalm on
vxaII Creek, a distaace of five miles
Itcross the tundra. The tios rest on
rds and the ttmdra being soft and
jongy the train, consisting of an cn-
tno and two Hatcars. has a rolling mo
rion, like a. ship is a. storm. Five round
rips a. cay are xaade. the tare oesng
each way. so a. wious.
Euce Oae on St. Lawrence Island
Skeleton of People Also.
SEATTTE, Wash, Aug. H. While the
steamer Robert Dollar was aground on
:o heach at St. lwrence Island, on her
trip to Xome, her jasngers dlsooverod
ire skeleton of a mastodon ST feet long.
iat attracted notice from Us resemblance
tlie wreck of saie vessel.
Inland lv miles on the island the Dollar's
.wengera came upon three huts with
ao remains of five human beings, who
had died evidently of starvation years
The Dollar sailed from Dutch Harbor
for Nome July 2L There was some fog;
and, when off St. Lawrence Island, at 11:15
o'clock on the night of July 24r the Dollar
struck a reef or gravel bar off the south
east cape of St. Lawrence. The vessel was
almost S hours before she could be
lightened enough to float her off. To ac
complish this over 100 tons of coal were
thrown overboard.
Canndlon Government Also to Es
tablish Amhslt Office lit Davrson.
VICTORIA. B. C, Aug. 11. It is of
ficially announced that the government
has determined to abolish in its entirety
the obnoxious 10-per cent royalty, and
to establish at Dawson a government as
say office, where the gold will be taken
from the miners at its exact worth, cer
tificates being issued which the banks
will cish at full face value. A small ex
port duty will be Imposed upon the gold
Itself. Two members of the Dominion
Parliament are to be elected from Daw
son in October.
Statistics and Financial Condition
Shovrn in Annnal Report.
VANCOUVER, Wash., Aug. 1L The fol
lowing summary is taken from the an
nual report of County Superintendent
Evans, Just compiled, for the year end
ing June 30, comparison being made with
the figures for the former year:
School districts In county 77
Districts formed during year.
School buildings in county 78
Erected during year.
Seating caDacitv of bulldlnes 4.K2S
Value school buildings IG7.412 $79,770
vaiue scnooi rurnnure IV?1 7,917
vaiue scnooi UDranes ra)
Amount Insurance carried.... E0.C53
wnimren or school age 4,376
Enroled In schools 3.fi22
Average dally attendnncs 2,31
Av. number months taught.. 6
Total No. days attendance.. 313.310 34".555
Total No. teachers employed 129 1Z7
Average wages paid men 5-"5 ?41
Average wages paid women.. SO 31
District bonded Indebtednese.t24 5T0 f24.f50
Average rate of interest paid 7?i 7
The report also contains the following
financial statement:
Cash on hand July 1, 1S99 512.5S7 54
From state apportionment 30,527 37
From county apportionment 55 34
From special tax I E,81 C8
From sa'e of bonds G02 00
From other sources 150 GO
Total receipts J53.0J5 13
Teachers' wages J2S.175 85
Incidrntals 3.402 53
Renair.s rente, etc. 3,955 91
Interest on bonds 1,187 01
Interest on warrants 346 36
Redemption of bonds ZOO OO
Total 537.?57 75
Balance on hand June 30, 1900 15.947 38
For the previous year the receipts from
all sources were ?C4,SC0 42. and disburse
ments 234,375 05.
Yamhill Connty Xotes.
rarrNNVttLE. Or.. Aug. 11. It cost
Tamhlll County J414S 18 to run Its affairs
for the month of July, as follows:
Roads and bridges $2,253 C8
Indigent 267 35
Officers' salaries 9S0 16
Stationery and printing 119 89
Miscellaneous 52110
Court expense 6 00
There will he a, large amount of sun
dried fruit in this section tills season, all
of excellent quality, as the season has
been very favorable for that work.
The absence of yellow Jackets Is noted
by all this year. So far none have sh6wn
themselves, which makes the workers
among fruit happy.
Wheat is beginning to come into our
warehouse in good quantities, though it
is yet early. Though some of it is slight
ly shriveled, it is all of flinty soundness
and will make first-grade flour.
"Washington Connty Notes.
HIL.LSBORO, Aug. 1L General Ran
som Post, G. A R,, of this city, has
received a set of the 70-volume publica
tion, issued by the Government, embrac
ing records of the Union and Confederate
Teachers' examination closed in this city
today. There were 22 applicants for coun
ty certificates, and three applicants for
state papers.
Two experts have been engaged in ac
counting the county books for the month
last past. They will have concluded their
labors by the first of the week. Their
work will cover the last six years of tho
county's books.
J. C. Hare, the farmer and saw mill
man. of this city, recently sold 300 tons
of timothy hay to buyers for the Philip
pine market.
Knles on Way to China.
SPOKANE, Aug. 11. Thirteen carloads
of Government mules, en route to China,
via Seattle, were unloaded here today to
be fed. With them were seven carloads
of harness.
AVaKhlngrton Notes.
Sedro-'Woolley Is promised a saw mill
in tho near future, to employ 75 or more
A fine dog died at Aberdeen. The own
er hold an autopsy. A quantity of ground
glass was revealed.
aurvepors are searcblng for reservoir
sites near the headwaters of the Klicki
tat and Ahtanum Rivers.
Two-thirds of the Indian children on
the Swlnomish reservation are said to
be suffering with measles. The school
has been closed.
A cow was washed ashore at Port
Townsend August 9. Indians camping
near by promptly divided up the carcass
and are living high.
Hamlin Garland, author of stories of
Western life. Is in Spokane. He is after
material for new stories, and expects to
hunt up Chief Joseph.
A new kind of wheat known as the
Arcadian, was introduced into the Pa
louse country last Fall. The farmers who
fried it report It of poor quality.
Spokane's industrial exposition will be
held this year from October 2 to 16, In
clusive. The music will be furnished by
the Royal Marine Band, of Italy.
At Seattle, tho Lake Washington cycle
path has been closed by a man whose
lot It crossed. He wanted $50 for dam
ages, and has fenced his lot to compel
The Aberdeen Herald says that "al
though the black salmon fishing season
opened on August 1, hardly any fish are
yet running, and it Is believed the run
will be late on the harbor, as It was this
year on the Columbia River."
Robert Jackson, SO years old. who lived
alone In a little house, at tho north
ond of San Juan Island, was found dead
J In his bed August 5, with his little dog
lying beside nim. ie had lived there alone
for many years, and little is known of his
Mrs. S. C. Roberts, wife of the School
Superintendent of Whitman County, died
August 9 of acute Bright's disease. The
reporter adds: "They were married only
last December. Mr. Roberts seems par
ticularly unfortunate. This was his third
wife, although he is less than 40 years
Millions of shrimps, thrown up on the
HIggins Beach by the tide, cause much
comment, says the Tacoma News. Her
ring followed In Immense schools. When
the tide ebbed, they were so thick as to
form. a complete coating and gave the
beach the appearance of being covered
with snow, as the little shrimps were
almost pure white.
C W. Wheeler, of the Waltsburg Times,
finds Spokane "unusually dull this Sum
mer." and adds: 'Many buildings are va
cant, and tenants are complaining of a
scarcity of customers. And this x Is an
other thing difficult of explanation, for
tho mines are being worked and with
profit, and the surrounding country is
fairly prosperous. But Spokane is dull,
so say they all of Ueal.,
"Where the Demand Cornea .From, and
"Where It May Be Satisfied
Many Settlers Coming:.
ROSERURG, Or.. Aug. 10. These are
busy days at the Roseburg Land Office.
Filings under the timber act and the
homested law are many, and it is no un
usual sight to find the local hotels full
of strange faces and of an early morn
ing to see the stairway and corridors
leading to the United States Land Office
crowded with men and women, all wait
ing, sometimes for several hours, their
turn to file or to make proof and pay
ment for ICO acres of the finest timber In
the world.
This activity in the timber line Is caused
J "'DALLAS-1-- ' I Ifu&jf I V
X Monmouth if 1 (independence
The project of building a trolley railway line to Falls City is eneatrlnff the attention of
citizens of that town and Independence. Independence la on tho Willamette River, and
also has the Southern Facino Railroad. A trolley line Is now In operation between Inde
pendence and Monmouth, and the Falls City line Is to be an extension of that road, swinging
around from Monmouth to tho southward to the Luckfamute bottom, and following up the
stream to Falls City, a distance of about 10 miles from the present terminus of the trolley
lino. ' The business of definitely locating the line and making careful estimates of cost Is now
In progress. The Falls City country has a great deal of timber, and agricultural products, to
largely by the lieu selections filed by the
Northern Pacific Railroad Company,
which under a recent act of a generous
Congress Is permitted to select any va
cant Government land in this state in
place of that lost by It in the Mount
Rainier National Park Reserve of Wash
ington. Since December last this com
pany has had the woods of this district
full of bands of timber-cruisers, and al
ready during the present year has select
ed over 120,000,000 acres of the best timber
The people of Oregon, realizing at last
tho, opportunity to secure a quarter sec
tion of timber and the last chance to avail
themselves of their timber right, have
taken many acres of this land; but it is
by the people from the East, who live in
states once densely timbered, that most of
this filing Is done. They see the timber
disappear there, and, knowing its valuo,
come to the Coast, cruise the woods for
the land, make tho filing and return to
their homes, again to cross the continent
to make their final proof and payment for
the land. They Know wnat timDer is,
what It has been, and its future value.
This Impetus given to the timber busi
ness has caused many locators to como
hero from Michigan, Minnesota, Wiscon
sin and other lumbering states, who have
opened offices In many of the Valley
towns and are deep in correspondence
with their people East In regard to the
greatness of Oregon timber, making se
lections and locating them upon choice
quarter section for a fee ot from $50
to $250. These locators seem to be for
the most part honest In their dealings,
and few complaints have reached this of
fice in regard to fraud in the locations.
This was not the case a few years back,
when the last timber craze swept over
tho country- Many rascals were In the
business then, and the .intending pur
chaser for M00 of a fine timbered claim
often found it bare of trees.
Then the big lumber companies of those
states have their men all over the state
cruising, surveying and selecting vacant
lands, locating it with Cascade forest re
serve scrip, with state selections, and in
other ways securing large, compact bodies
of timber. Their purchasers are also in
the field selecting and buying tracts of
the best timber, located to the best pos
sible advantage with regard to streams,
railroads and other means of transporta
tion, so as to bring it early into market
All this Is to protect their future busi
ness when the lumber shall have been
exhausted in the East This period, many
of them contend, is already in sight
Then they will come West to engage in
the manufacture of lumber and to make
fortunes from Oregon forests here in tho
future as they have In the past Mean
while our Oregonlan dreams complacently
Another class of timber men is the
Eastern firm which sends men West to
cruise the lands located by individuals,
who buys their land at a fair price as
soon as final proof is made, and who
secures large tracts In this way to specu
late upon and resell to other Easterners.
So It may be seen that if one is not to
be left in the scramble for timber lands
he must make a lively hustle for it
Where is the best timber land located?
This is the question constantly asked by
the newcomers and by correspondents In
the East with eyes upon Oregon timber.
While the state is sprinkled all over with
timber, yet there are four great bodies
of it One Is In the foothills along both
sides of the Cascade Range, another fol
lows the western slope of tho Coast Rango
to the ocean, while a third is along the
Siskiyou Mountains In Southern Oregon,
extending over into the great Klamath
Basin: the other lies in Eastern Oregon.
In this district the recent locations Ho
for the most part In Linn, Lane and Coos
Counties, although some locators have
been partial to Klamath County, and
others are invading distant and moun
tainous Curry County, both claiming
much for their respective districts. The
Valley of the Siuslaw and Its tributaries
has been a favorite field for purchasers,
as the logs may be floated almost from
the headwaters of the streams to tldi
water, and thus brought upon a ready
market realizing a good profit upon a
short investment The headwaters of the
Calapoola and the Santiam Is another fa
vored region, and locations have been so
numerous that an office plat of that coun
ty looks like a checker-board. The aim
of all Investors is to secure land In a sec
tion near the railroads or on streams
down which the legs may be driven, so
that their timber may not long He ldlo
awaiting a market Now, however, that
this land Is all taken by the first comers,
locations are being made wherever the
timber can be found, knowing that soon
er or later It will be In demand, and that
no better investment may be had for so
small an outlay.
The amount of timber standing on an.
acre, or even a quarter section, of land
in Oregon Is a revelation to Eastern lum
bermen, who cannot be made to believe
It until they see for themselves. With
locators here a tract carrying 5,000,000 feet
of timber above IS Inches in diameter Is
only picked up on a second cruising,
while in the East 2,500,000 feet would be
now considered fine timber for a quarter
section of land. Much of the fine timber
land of this stato will go 20.000.000, and
even 30,000.000. feet to the quarter section.
Many peoplo of this state and from, tho I
East are now filing for homesteads. These
make the permanent class of citizens.
The people from the East are attracted
by the fine climate and the opportunity
to secure cheap land. They file and Bet
tie upon the land to farm, to raise stock
and to run dairies. It takes hard work
now to find and clear a good tract of 160
acres of land for agricultural purposes,
but for the- one who is not afraid of labor
the opportunity Is great, and results
await his coming.
During the Quarter ending June 30, 221
homesteads were filed at this office, cov
ering 31.7C0.97 acres; 76 final proofs were
received on 10.S3LG2 acres; and the cash
sales aggregated 22,Oill03 acres. In dol
lars and cents, the receipts of the office
for the quarter were as follows:
Fees and commissions, $ 7.2C6 7S
Cash sales of land 55,470 49
Total receipts 552,677 27
The present quarter promises to be the
most active In the history of the office,
arid the receipts will doubtless exceed
those of any other corresponding period
of time. In the 11 counties included in
this land dl-trlct, 3,770,550 acres remain
unappropriated and unreserved, of which
2,215,767 acres are unsurvey.ed. The total
area of the land In the district is 11,S!)2,098
acnes. J. HENRY BOOTH,
Receiver U. S. Land Office.
Contractor "Who Built In the Siski
yons Iteconnoiterlnc New Line.
ASHLAND, Or., Aug. ll.-Tohn Hale,
the contractor, is here from Portland, and
tomorrow will leave In company with the
engineers of the Oregon Midland Rail
way to go over the preliminary survey of
the road to Klamath Falls. Mr. Hale
was one of tho contractors who built the
Southern Pacific Company's line over the
Sisklyeus, and is well acquainted with
the country to be traversed by the Ore
gon Midland.
At the "Warm Springs Agency.
WARM SPRINGS, Or., Aug. 9. Superin
tendent James E. Kirk has arrived at
this agency and will hereafter have en
tire charge of affairs here, acting as In
dian Agent as well as Superintendent of
the reservation school. Supervisor-A. O.
Wright who has been in charge since
July 1, will now go on his regular work
of Inspection. J. W. Cowan ceased to bo
Agent here July 1.
Oregon Notes.
A Port Orford man has sent 4000 sheep
this season to San Francisco by steamer.
Walter Davy Is taking a drove of 200
head of horses from Antelope to Cali
fornia, A Clackamas County lawyer has a
yearling Cotswold which weighs 2S5
H. C. Ehlen's 116-acre farm, In Marlon
County, has been sold to Fred Yeargen
for 00.
Luther Brown died at Oretown recently
at the age of 81. He formerly lived at
West Salem.
Grass Valley expects not less than
200,000 bushels of wheat will be marketed
there this year.
William Martin, formerly of La Fay
ette, died recently In Colorado. He was
a son of Frank Martin.
Henry Fawk has brought a big farm
In the southern part of Lano County
and stocked it with sheep.
At Salt Creek one hop-grower will
hire whites only to pick his crop, -while
a neighbor will employ Indians.
Two large warehouses are nearing com
pletion at Grass Valley. One is 180 by 64
feet, and the other almost as large.
Daniel Bundle died at Falls City, re
cently, from injuries received in a run
away. He was from Kansas and 76 years
A party of hunters from Dayton re
cently killed seven deer at Meadow Lake.
David Seth, a lame man, bagged three
of them.
While hunting, Mrs. Mollle Bays, of
Eagle Point, accidentally shot Mrs. Rob
ert Coker in the foot, last week, with
a rifle. She was "ready for a bear" in
case one was met
Citizens of Logan and Springwater,
whose Fourth of July celebration was
prevented by rain, will hold a patriotic
picnic September 1. when Hon. G. C.
Brownell and Governor Geer will
At Wlllamlna a mule resented the
process of shoeing, and Jumped upon Its
owner, Joe Smith, crushing him to the
floor and stamping and pawing with all
vengeance at his victim. Smith, some
how, scrambled out.
Undismayed by this year's crop returns,
Henry Johnson has rented about 300
acres of the Lou Thompson farm in Yam
hill County, and will raise wheat on some
of the rich pasture land. Ho Is to take
possession on October 1.
At Molalla, J. R. Shaver was crossing
a dead furrow with a bjnder, August 4,
when the tongue struck the horses, ono
kicked over it, the team ran, breaking the
tongue short off, the stub running into
the horses' hips and legs several inches,
making frightful wounds, which had to
be stitched.
The McMinnvllle Reporter says of Wil
liam B. TJngermnn, a Spanish War vet
eran, who has been granted a pension of
56 per month: "He has suffered untold
misery from the obstinate wound received
In the Philippines, and it is a pleasure to
see him get some compensation, how
ever slight"
Last Wednesday a freight train ran in
to a band of sheep belonging to H. E.
Newman & Sons, killing 200 outright and
badly crippling a large number of the
others, says the Ontario Advocate. The
sheep were being pastured on Welch.
Island, and the railroad not being fenced
tho annmals got upon the track.
Klamath County has 4000 people and an
assessed valuation of 51,600,000, which
leads, the Klamath Falls Republican to
say: 'Tt is folly for Eastern people to
suppose that because this county 1b re
mote from markets, Its people are poverty-stricken.
As a matter of fact, all axe
prosperous and a large share are rich. In
a county so favored and with such op
portunities and prospects for the future,
there is no man of good Judgment and
careful management who cannot sue
Coarse, Ronph Gold Taken From
Bedrock Searching: for Mother
Lode Old Timers.
STJMPTER. Or., Aug. 10. The cow Creek
and Pine Creek placer diggings, located
about 20 miles southwest of Baker City,
have been washed since 1S62, and are
still good producers. The past season is
considered the best in their history. Any
thing like an accurate idea of the amount
of gold taken out cannot be obtained. As
one miner expressed it, "I never ask any
questions regarding the output of a claim,
as It only Induces a man to prevaricate."
Occasionally large nuggets are found, and
the news is not long in spreading up and
down the creek, acting as a stimulus to
the others to renewed efforts. The sup
ply of water Is limited to the snow waters
in the Spring, and a few mountain streams
of very limited flow. The claims are all
opened up separately, and no overflow
of tailings is permitted from one claim
to a lower one, which is a short-sighted
policy, and works a hardship 'on all. This
Is especially true of Pine Creek. On Cow
Creek more amicable arrangements pre
vail, and all work in harmony.
On Pine Creek, what are now consid
ered the best claims were located two
years ago. It had always been considered
that the diggings only extended to a cer
tain gravel flow, which crossed the gulch
some three miles from the mouth, as re
peated efforts to And pay above that point
had been made without success, and It
was not until the seventh pan of dirt
from bedrock had been washed that the
fortunate finders were rewarded by get
ting three large nuggets, aggregating
about 518 in value. The news caused a
stampede, and the upper end of the
stream was located In a day, mostly by
new comers. Since then work has been
prosecuted from one end of the creek to
the other. Some SO men are employed
through the season, which averages about
four months. The gold Is all coarse, and
many large nuggets are found weighing
as high as 5100. The largest nugget,
weighing $S37, was found last season by
Patrick O'Brien, who is fortunate enough
to own most of the water available.
The work Is done mostly by drifting
on bedrock and washing out in the Spring.
On some claims the surface is removed
by horses and scrapers and the gravel
around sluiced off with the Snrlne waters.
The values are allon bedrock, and in the
lower strata oi gravel, une cnaracter or
gold varies greatly. One miner, known
as "Grandma Williams, who never
changes his shirt until worn out" owning
the top claim on the creek, finds five dis
tinct characters of gold within the limits
of his claim, all coarse, rough gold, the
nuggets Impregnated with rose quartz.
These diggings are on the old California
.trail to Boise Basin, Idaho, and were
first discovered by tho old California
As in the Stxmpter district quartz
miners have recently Invaded this ter
ritory in search of the source of this
gold, and the theories advanced by them
would fill a book. Innumerable white
quartz ledges are found, but tho quartz
so far discovered is of a sparry character,
and barren. There is a large green por
phyry dike extending across both
streams, and many believe it to be tho
mother lode. In the First Chance claim,
owned by Isaac Elmendorf, at the head of
Pine Creek, some very good values are
obtained from what Is termed a mud
seam on the foot-wall, and tho owner
Is doing extensive development work in
hope of finding a pay chute. At the head
of Cow Creek, J. T. Diehl has a claim,
the Yellow Boy, from which values are
obtained, mostly from the foot-wall. Tho
development work so far has not been
done Judiciously, and the valuo of tho
find Is problematical. While the country
has been staked for miles around, theso
are the only promising claims. Many
prospectors have been over the field this
season, but get disgusted when confront
ed by stakes on all sides, and leave
for other fields.
While the locations In the main are
not legal, the average prospector will not
touch anything where there is a possibil
ity of a contest, as mining Is enough of
a gamble without that extra risk In case
of success. In Dakota there is a penalty
Imposed on persons guilty of staking
ground on which they do not perfect their
location, and such a law would benefit
the legitimate prospectors and miners of
Oregon and work a hardship on none.
This Is an ideal mining country, low alti
tude, shbrt Winters, good timber and
water, and some day will be heard from
as a quartz camp, as intelligent and per
sistent prospecting will eventually solve
the problem of where the placer gold was
washed from.
That placer claims may be found In
other places than creek beds is illustrated
by the diggings near Bonanza, where an
old river channel is being mined with
good success, and the Roblnsonvllle
claims, located on the backbone of a di
vide at the edge of the Greenhorn range of
mountains. Here mining has been car
ried on since 1862. Among the old timers
is Mr. Carpenter, who came In 1863. In
1860-61 there was a big emigration from
California to the Salmon River section of
Idaho, and much travel passed through
the Greenhorns. In 1861 Auburn was dis
covered, and proved nearly a world-beater,
thousands of dollars being taken out
In a few years Auburn had a popula
tion of 4000 to 5000 people, while today
It Is but a memory and marked by a
few remaining cabins. Canyon City was
in her glory about the same time. In
1862 the placers of. Olive Creek, Granite
Creek and Sumpter were discovered, and
there are still many acres of virgin
ground left, but the values are small, and
tho ground receives little attention.
It was in 1862 that a largo number of
refugees from the Civil War arrived, and
many were fortunate in securing good
claims. In 1862 Griffen, who found the
rich ground near where the Ibex mine is
now located, arrived from California, and
in 1863 Mr. Carpenter arrived and located
the claim at the head of Greenhorn Gulch,
on top of the divide, from which point
Olive Creek and Clear Creeks start on
their Journey westward, and Greenhorn
and Snow Creek to the east. Here min
ing has been carried on successfully for
nearly 40 years. For the first 10 years the
Carpenter ground yielded an aggregate of
5100,000, and It Is still held and worked
by the original locator. It is pleasant to
note that nearly all the first settlers In
this section have a comfortable allow
ance for their declining years, and are not
compelled to exist on a mere memory of
past good fortune.
Tfcey Quit Running; When the Lave
Rnns Ont Patrol Today.
ASTORIA, Or.. Aug. 11. The run of
fish last night was not at all good, and
there were more fishermen on the river
than for many nights. The belief Is now
most general that there will not be an
other run of fish of any size this vear,
so the gillnetters will not have any rea
son to attempt to break the close sea
con. Tho seines and traps are picking
up some fish, and if they" should get
enough for the canneries on this side of
the river to feel Justified in paying a
dally fine of $50, the canneries may con
tinue to operate. Fish Commissioner
Reed will start out tomorrow morning
patrolling the canneries, and states that
he will strictly enforce the law.
A number of Sacramento River fisher
men returned to their homes this morn
ing on the steamship Columbia. They
took with them several fish boats ana
a dozen nets that they did not bring up
with them.
Astoria's Regatta,
The plans for the Astoria annual re
gatta ara rounding out very satisfactorily,
and from present Indications It will pre
sent more interesting features than ever
before. Tho field day. will bo one of the
most interesting features, as track teams
from the Multnomah Athletic Club and
the Olympic Club, of San Francisco, will
contest 'for a handsome cup and Individ
ual medals emblematic of the champion
ship of tho two states. Arrangements
were completed today for 23 oarsmen to
come from San Francisco, Including four
of the crack four-oared crews.
Board of Horticnlture Gives Warn
ing ot the Requirements of Law.
CORVAXXJS, Or., Aug. 11. Local fruit
dealers have received warning from tho
Board of Horticulture that the law pro
hibiting sale or shipment of -diseased or
infected fruit, was to be strictly 'prohib
ited. The notification came whilo there
was displayed In various stores a flno
lot of peaches from a local orchard. The
peaches In size, and appearance were as
fine as have been grown In the vicinity;
but many of them were wormy. Such of
these peaches as had not been sold wero
removed to warerooms and sorted, or re
turned to the grower. In view of the
provisions of the law, local dealers will
not receive for sale hereafter, fruit that
Is In any way Infected or diseased.
The Benton flouring mill has resumed
operations after a six weeks' shut-down.
In this time a large amount of new ma
chinery has been added to the plant, in
creasing the capacity ,to 200 barrels per
Outfit Xlke Andree's Said to Have
Been Seen on the Mackenzie.
VICTORIA, B. C, Aug. 11. Alleged
news of Andree Is given in a letter writ
ten by a miner at Fort Yukon to a friend
at Selkirk. It says:
"A short time ago some native Indians
arrived here from the Mackenzie, and I
learned from them that a balloon was seen
to land near the mouth of that river dur
ing the Winter before last Some men
landed from It and made a camp. They
remained some time, then got Into the
car. They then threw something out
onto tho ice, tho Indians say, and tho
balloon rose Into the air. It was soon out
of sight The natives were afraid and
did not visit the camp. The natives who
came here. Fort Yukon, did not see the
balloon themselves, but were told of its
coming by people living to tlte northward
of them."
Went Ont to Take Bar Sonndlnss
and Their Boat Capsized.
NEWPORT. Or., Aug. 11. The steamer
Robarts, which arrived here last evening,
reports the drowning of two men on Sius
law bar yesterday morning. Captain
Hansen, of the Schooner Lizzie Prinn.
which recently arrived at that place to
load lumber for San Francisco, had taken
on his cargo and was ready for sea. He
was not satisfied with the depth of water
reported on the bar by the tug Robarts,
and went out to take soundings himself
in- a small boat with two of his sailors.
While on the bar a breaker capsized their
boat, and the two sailors were drowned.
H.ansen succeeded In clinging to tho up
turned boat, and drifted ashore. The
names of the lost men were not known.
S3 Oarsmen and Some Swimmers for
the Regatta.
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 11. Tho number
of oarsmen going from this city to the As
toria regatta has been limited to 23. They
will leave a week from tomorrow, and
will represent the Alameda, Ariel and
Dolphin Clubs. A crew from the Olympic
Club also has the trip under considera
tion. Lester Hammersmith will represent
the Olympics in- the swimming tourna
ment Syd Caglll, the champion swimmer,
will also go.
New Oreeo,n Incorporations.
SALEM, Aug. 11. Tho following articles
of Incorporation were filed in the office
of the Secretary of Stato, during the
fit. Joseph's Aid Society, Mount An
gel; $360; Isidor Schnee, August Kllnger
and Engelbert Grimm.
The Perseverance Gold Mining & Mill
ing Company; Baker City; 53,000,000;
James E. Haggerty, William Et Sharps
and David R. Patterson.
Wisconsin Central Gold Mining Com
pany; Astoria; $75,000; W. H. Copeland,
J. B. Ferguson, D. M. Stuart and J. H.
Tahoma Mining Company; Portland;
51.COO.000; Charles P. Wright, Charles A.
Marlltt and Martin S. Hart
Mayvlllo Drug Company; Mayvllle;
$1500; John; H. Hudson, Charles W. Cros
field and D. R. Coryell.
Nehalem Transportation Company; Ne
halem; 512,000; C. H. Wheeler. George R.
Vasburg, J. E. Dubois, J. L. Vasburg,
J. K. Gamblll.
Wheeler Lumber Company; Nehalem;
540,000; George R. Vasburg, C. H.
Wheeler, J. E. Dubois, J. L. Vasburg and
J. K. Gamblll.
The John Day School & Land Company;
John Day; $5000; Clarence Johnson, E. J.
Bagley and R. D. Williams.
Capital City News.
SALEM, Or., Aug. 11. Archie and
James Gleason, aged about 12 and 14
years, respectively, were arrested today
for using obscene and abusive language
on the street to a number of ladles.
Professor J. H. Orrutt of Hawarden,
la., the new president of the Drain Nor
mal School, on his way to take charge of
,ii sip:
At least eight tours sound, refreshing sleep
is necessary in every twenty-four. Do you get
it, or is your slumter disturbed By restless
ness? Do you lie awake counting the hours
until early morning,, then to fall asleep and be
awakened just as you think your eyes hare
closed? The body and brain require rest.
If the body does not get the repose it needs, the
system is weakened, and nervous depression
with melancholia follow.
sound, refreshing sleep. It goes right to the
cause of the trouble. It removes the pressure
of blood from the brain, and sleep is secured
Abbey's is not an opiate or drug, nor does it
stupify. It acts just the other way. Upon
awakening you feel refreshed and strong, with
clear brain and good appetite and best of all,
there is no reaction of any kind.
One-ihird of your life is spent in Bed, gather
ing strength for the other favo-ifurds.
Sold hy most druggists, or sent by malL
25c, 50c. and $1 pet bottle.
The Abbey Effervescent Sail Co., 9-15 Murray St, New York.
his duties, stopped off at this city todas:
and 'called upon Superintendent. Acker
man to talk over the srospects of tha
school for the coming year.
Hay and Cordwood Burned.
INDEPENDENCE. Or., Aug. 11. Flr
last evening destroyed 30 tone of cholco
baled timothy hay and about 30 corda
of wood for Andrew Byers. whoso farm
is five miles north of this city. Tho
hired man was hauling wood, and he set
Are to some bru,sh that was in his way.
The fire got out of control, and spreatl
through the field. The loss is f.
Official Denial of Good Report. .
statement that the Dominion Government
had abolished the 10-per-cent royalty la
the Yukon, substituting therefor a 3-percent
tax and establishing- a compulsory
assay office in Dawson. Is officially denied
today by tho Minister of tho Interior.
Skamania Connty Teachers.
STEVENSON, Wash.. Aug. 33. Super
intendent Ed Hollls closed the regular
quarterly teachers' examination today.
Mrs. Lilly Miller, Miss Clara Turner and
Miss Agnes Mooro took the examination.
All are well-known teachers-of Skamania
Mrs. William Allen, of Onkr-illc.
ALBANY, Or.. Aug. 31. Mrs. William
Allen died at Oakvllle thl3 morning, at'
the age of 86 years. She was born In
Kentucky, was married when 14 years
of age. moved to Missouri, and thence to
Oregon In 1S3S, locating In Lane County
first, and In Oakvllle. Linn County. In
1S62. She was tho mother of" 11 children,
of whom six are living.
Edward O'Beirne.
SALEM. Aug. 11. Edward O'Belrne,
aged 73 years, died last evening at tha
home of his brother, J. O'Blerne, two
miles north of town.
Idaho Notes.
The wheat yield on Eig PotlatchiRIdgi
13 running 30 to 10 bushels per acre.
Burglars are operating at Moscow. They
entered two stores and a saloon the- night
of August 9.
A heavy rain has fallen in the Pot
latch country and checked the forest firea
near Kendrick.
Farmer Dick BIttenger was acquitted
at Lewiston of the charge of assault with
intent to commit murder.
William McGowan is under $1500 bonds
at Sliver City for trying1 to cut Nlles Mc
Cormlck's throat with a razor.
Canyon County's assessed valuation is
53,577,800 this year, a decrease of 5215.000.
The valuo of the personal property is
How any man may quickly cure himself after
years of suffering from sexual weakness, lost
vitality, night losses, varicocele, etc.. and en
large small weak orcana to full size and visor.
L. W. KNAPP. M. D.
Simply Send your name and address to Dr. L,
W. Knapp. 2S51 Hull Bid?.. Detroit Mich.,
and he will gladly send the free receipt wlta
full directions so that any man may eo3ily cura
himself at home. This Is certainly a moat gen
erous offer, and the following extracts taken
from his dally mail show what men think of
his generosity:
"Dear Sir: Please accept my sincere thanks
for yours of recent date. I have given your
treatment a thorough test, and the benefit haj
been extraordinary. It has completely braced
me up. I am just as vigorous 03 when a hoy.
and you cannot realize how happy I am,"
"Dear Sir: Tour method worked beautifully.
ResulU are exactly what I needed. Strengta
and vigor have completely returned and en
largement Is entirely satisfactory."
"Dear Sir: Tours was received, and I had no
trouble In making use of the receipt as directed,
and can truthfully say it Is a boon to woaSe
men. I am greatly Improved In size, strengta
and vigor."
All correspondence is strictly confidential,
mailed In plain sealed envelope. The receipt la
free for tho asking, and he wants evory man
to have It