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' THE ' SUNDAY OEEGONIAST, PORTLAOT)", lATTCrUS 121900.
KING TOOK THE OATH
.Victor Emmanuel Sworn In at
ADDEESS TO THE ITALIAN PEOPLE
The Ceremony Occurred. In the Sen
ate Chamber Alleclance of
"ROM'S, Aug. U- King Victor Emmanuel
H took the formal constitutional oath
before Parliament today. The Senate
diamhw iras dratied -with mourning, the
benches and tribunes being covered with
black furnishings, bordered with saver.
The chamber was filled "with Senators and
deputies, royal missions, high officials of
Btate, and the diplomatic corps.
The booming of cannon announced the
departure of the royal party from the
Quirinal. All along the route large
crowds were assembled, and gave the
aew King an ovation. He was received
on the steps of the Senate by the com
mittees of the Chamber of Deputies and
Senate in a pavilion especially erected
and handsomely decorated.
"When the cortege entered the Senate
chamber, the King being accompanied by
the Duke of Aosta, the Count of Turin
and the Duke of Genoa, the Deputies
and Senators arose, and then began a
long and exciting scene of enthusiasm.
His Majesty later took the oath and de
livered an address. The full text of the
King's address is as follows:
'My first thought is for my people a
thought of love and gratitude. The peo
ple who went by the casket of the King
whom they loved are brought In close
touch with me, and they have demon
strated the racial foundation which a lib
eral monarchy has In the country. From
thee manifestations of sorrow I draw the
most favorable auguries for my reign.
The noble and pious sentiment which
sprang spontaneously from the soul of
-the nation at the news of the tragic
event tells me that In the hearts of Ital
ians there still vibrates a voice of patri
otism, which inspired at all times worthy
miracles. I am proud of the power I am
assuming. It is with a high head and
seeking a nobler idea that I consecrate
myself to my country with all the ardor
and strength of which I feel myself capa
ble, with all the strength the examples
and traditions of my house give me. The
word of the magnanimous Charles Al
bert, who granted liberty, is sacred. Just
as are those of my grandfather, who ap
proved the union of Italy, and of my au
gust father, who by all the acts of his life
showed he was a worthy heir of the vir
tues of the father of his country. In his
work my father had the assistance of my
august and venerated mother. It Is she
who engraved on my heart the spirit, tfie
sentiment of my duty as a. Printe and an
Italian. So, In my work, T shall be aided
by my wife, who, born of a strons race,
will consecrate herself entirely to the
country of her choice.
"Of the friendship of all the powers
we have had eloquent proof in the par
ticipation in our mourning, and I wish
to express my profound gratitude to alL
"Italy has always been an efficient in
strument In concord, and will be so dur
ing my reign in the common aim of pre
serving peace. But external peace Is not
alone sufficient. We must have Internal
"peace and accord, and the good will of all
men, to develop our Intellectual forces
and energies It was necessary to raise
the young generations in the love of
country and of honesty and labor. It is
this sentiment which inspires our armies
on land and sea, who come from the
people and -who are a part of the frater
nity which binds the whole Italian family
In unity and love of country. It Is neces
sary to concentrate ourselves and to de
fend ourselves by the wisdom of our laws
and their strict application. The mon
archy and Parliament should proceed
-united in tills beneficial task.
-T mount the throne without fear, and
Quietly, with knowledge of my rights and
duty as King. Oh, that Italy had the
confidence in me that I have in the des
tiny of the country! No human force is
capable of destroying what my fathers
liavo shaped with so much abnegation.
"We must awake and apply all our
strength to preserve Intact the great vic
tories of unity and liberty. I shall never
bo lacking in confidence in our liberal
institutions, and will never dafault in in
itiative energy when action shall be taken
to defend vigorously the glorious insti
tutions of our country and the precious
heritages of our ancestors.
"Reared in love of religion and of coun
try, I take God as witness of my prom
ise that from today I will work always
with all my heart for the greatness and
prosperity of my country."
During the ceremony of taking the oath
the King stood, as did those who assisted
In the function, including the Queens and
the Princesses. He pronounced the wrrds
In a loud voice, saj ing:
"In the presence of God and before the
nation I swear loyally to respect the stat
utes, to exercise the royal authority only
In pursuance of tho laws and in con
formity with them; to render to each sub
ject, according to his rights, full and en
tire Justice, and to conduct myself under
all circumstances as having only in vlow
the interest, prosperity and honor of the
As soon as His Majesty had concluded,
fllpresent-broke out into loud acclama
tions, the ovation lasting several min
utes. The King next signed the parch
ments containing the oath. The Assem
bly rose in a body and took the oath, cry
ing together, "Io giuro" (I swear. The
Deputies were sworn in the same manner.
The whole ceremony, concluding with tho
oath of allegiance of the Senators and
Deputies, -was touching and Imposing.
With the same ceremony with which
they came the royal party returned to
the Quirinal through the still crowded
streets, the people vigorously shouting for
and cheering the new King.
An imposing cortege, consisting of 300
societies from the capital and other parts
of Italy, followed by a large crowd, pro
ceeded to the Quirinal this evening. Along
the line of march the windows were illu
minated brilliantly. The King and Queen
appeared twice on the balcony, thanking
the crowd for its remarkable manifesta
tions of loyalty.
Tho burial of the remains of the late
King Humbert nlll take place at the
Pantheon midday Sunday. The Interment
will be strictly private.
The Trlbuna is authority for the state
ment that some very important docu
ments, throwing complete light on the
necent plots of the anarchists, and lmoli
cating Bressi, Qulntavelll and others, have
Disputes the Speaker.
The man who asks questions and insists
on their being answered Is a famlllarJ
presence at all party meetings. One of
England's many debts to Scotland Is the
loan of the expressive word used to de- -J
scribe him. He Is known as the heckler.
The spoakcr is not allowed to dlrcirard
him. If a statement is disputed, it is the
orator's place to make it good. Any mem
ber of the audience may rise to his feet
and shout out a contradiction whenever
he feels like ft. -and by the custom of
English public life the speaker is ex
pected to make some reply on the spot.
He Is not. of course, bound to. but un
less he lias forgotten all the Impromptus
that shrewd men carry about with them
for such emergencies, he usually does
Mr. Chamberlain was always a danger
ous man to cross in debate, but the per
sonal lollng- against hjro was fO bltvr
for years after his withdrawal from the
ranks of the Separatists that many an
unhappy man was driven to tilt against
his shield. It was delicious to watch Mr.
He would pause when the interruption J
frew serious and glvo the heckler a
chance to make himself well heard.
"Now. If you will allow me, I will ask
that gentleman to get upon a chajr, that
we may all have the pleasure of seeing
him." A dozen anxious hands would
hoist the objector Into unwelcome promi
nence. "Now, sir." came the clear, pas
sionless voice, "will you kindly speak up?
I should be sorry if any one missed what
you have to say."
The heckler, now quite unnerved, would
Btammer out something, and Mr. Cham
berlain, listening with a malicious smile,
would quietly readjust his eyeglass, and,
turning to the audience, fling out a reply
cook cutting and decisive.
ITEGROES W POLITICS.
3Tot a. "Wholesome Element Southern
Disfranchisement May Benefit.
WASHINGTON, Aug. & It will be a
curious thing to note whether the dis
franchisement of the colored voters go
ing on in the, South will result In keep
ing the colored delegates away from the
National Republican conventions. At
every .convention these colored men put
In their appearance, generally with con
testing delegations, and they create a
very disagreeable Impression. It is gen
erally found that they are in the mar
ket to dispose of their votes and their
convention tickets to the highest bid
der; and that they' have little or no con
ception of the duties they are elected to
perform, further than to make some
money out of it, or secure promises of
Federal patronage. Of course, as long
as these colored men are dominant in
politics, it is almost certain that there
can be no Republican supremacy In the
South. Tlje average whiter-man, no mat
ter how good a Republican he may be,
will not consent to the elevation of the
negro in politics and the dominating in
fluence which he has had heretofore in
the Southern States.
There is no question but negro domina
tion In the Southern States retarded the
development of those states, made prop,
erty Insecure, and left states with heavy
debts which have since caused a great
taxation or which have been repudiated
because of tho method by which the
debts were incurred. It is asserted by
close observers of Southern conditions
that as soon as it Is made impossible for
negroes to dominate in the South, many
of the states-are likely to turn from their
ancient moorings and vote the Republican
ticket. We have heard a great deal of
this before, but with the growing manu
factures, and while the tendency of the
South Is towards protection. It Is doubt
ful If these states can be put on another
basis in many years to come.
The negro who figure so extensively
in the South are usually preachers with
some slight education, and who are In
politics for what they can get. These are
generally managed by some shrewd, cal
culating white man, who carries off the
high offices when the Republicans are in
power. Many of these white men recog
nize that money must be used In
handling and manipulating the conven
tions, and thus it is that a few hun
dred dollars will secure a contesting dele
gation In any state where the negroes
predominate, and where they are the Re
publican party. The movements that
were made by Henry C. Payne In the
National committee, and by Matthew S.
Quay in the National convention, are but
tho beginning of the determination that
the negro element shall not dominate the
Republican party to the extent which It
The movement to secure reduced repre
sentation for the Southern States, not
only In National conventions, but in the
electoral college and in the House of
Representatives, has behind it the grow
ing feeling In the Republican party that
as the negro votes are not counted or
they are not allowed to vote, they cannot
be represented in the councils of the
party and the Nation on an equal footing
with tho Intelligent elements of the
Southern States. While the Republicans
are complaining of the disfranchisement
of the' negro In the Bouth, they are do
ing It by calling attention to the fact
that the Southern men loudest in their
concern for the "consent of the gov
erned" In the Philippines and elsewhere
have no such feeling for the government
In their own states.
Of course, it was well understood why
die Republicans did not want to take any
action toward encouraging disfranchise
ment of the negro In the South, and to
cut off his representation In the National
conventions and electoral colleges, as well
as In Congress. Tho great negro vote in
New York, West Virginia, Indiana, Ohio
and Illinois might. In a close campaign,
be absolutely necessary to Republican
success. The more intelligent colored peo
ple live in these states In great numbers,
and their votes if cast solidly against the
Republican party, which might occur,
should the Republicans follow the lead
of Payne and jQuay, would make these
states doubtful' in the Presidential con
test. This Is now, and will be In the
future, the stumbling block in the way of
reforming not only the Republican or
ganization, but the representation in
Congress as well, tit would not be at
all strange to see the disfranchisement
that is'golng on In the South finally work
to Republican advantage, as some con
fidently asFert.it will.
THE NATIONAL LEAGUE.
Cincinnati Team Shnt Out by New
CINCINNATI, O., Aug. 11. Hawley was
In great form today, and shut out the
locals. Attendance, (XX). The score:
R H E R H V
Cincinnati ... 0 3 lNew York .... 19 0
Batteries Hahn and Kahoe; Hawley
Umpire 6 wartweod.
Philadelphia Beat Chicago.
CHICAGO, Aug. 11. Donahue's pitching
was entirely too gllt-odged for the Chl
cagos today, and they were shut out
Attendance, 2300. The score-.
RHE R H E
Chicago 0 5 Philadelphia .271
Batteries Taylor and Donohue; Dona
hue and Murphy.
Pittsburg Beat Boston.
PITTSBURG, Aug. II. Pittsburg out
played Boston at every point today. At
tendance, 5100. The score:
R H E R H E
Pittsburg .... 5 9 2jBoston 15 3
Batteries Chesbro and O'Connor; Lewis
and W. Clarke.
St. Iionls Beat Brooklyn.
ST. LOUIS. Aug. 1L Hughey had
Brooklyn completely at his mercy today.
Attendance, 41C0. The score:
RHE, R H E
St. Louis S 14 lBrooklyn 18 4
Batteries Hughey, Robinson and Ken
nedy; Howell and McGulre.
The American Ieagrne.
At Detroit Detroit. 2; Buffalo. L Sec
ond game Detroit. 5; Buffalo, 4.
At Minneapolis Minneapolis, 1; Chi
At Indianapolis Indianapolis, 2; Cleve
land, 4. Second game Cleveland, 6; In
At Milwaukee Milwaukee, 5; Kansas
rational Lenpue Standing:.
Won. Lost. Perct.
Brooklyn 53 f2 .6:4
Pittsburg 4S 40 .545
Philadelphia 47 , 40 .W0
Chicago 44 ' 41 .5IS
Bos'on. 43 44 -94
St. Liuls TS 45 A'&
Cincinnati ........ ...,,,,, 35 50 ,152
New York S5 47 .427
The Government of Greece Is now more
liberal with mining concessions, and as
a result mines are being worked in the
Provinces of Attica, Tbessaly, Milo and ;
Boeotls, . . i
THE -CHAMPION'S OFFER
JEFFRIES XVTUUTSQ TO "MEET
SHARKEY AND FITZSIMMOXS
Within Six Days of Each Othei
Rnhlln Sore After HIsTDefcat
Other Sportlnsr Jfe-rrs.
NEW YORK, Aug. 1L With his face
bruised and discolored, his right eye al
most closed and his nose flattened out,
Gue Ruhlin walked about his training
quarters at Bay Ridge today, wondering
how it all happened. The big Ohio fight
er appeared to be quite weak. In spite
of his appearance. Ruhlin said he felt all
right and in the same breath expressed
a desire for another bout with Fltzslm
mons. Ruhlln's collapse after the fight gave
rise to many sensational rumors. One
of them was that Ruhlin had died as the
result of the Injuries sustained in the bat
tle. Although it la true that Ruhlin was
very ill for several hours, his life wJas
never despaired of. Barring a slight
bruise over the left eye, Fltzslmmons
DEAN OF PACIFIC UNIVERSITY.
PROFESSOR "W. IV. FERRIN.
FOREST GROVE. Or., Aug. 11. Pr fessor W. N. Ferrin, who was made dean
of the faculty of Pacific University and acting president by the college trustees at
Thursday's meeting, was born October 11, 1854, at Barton, Vt He was graduated
In 1875 from the academy and university at Heardsburg, Vt, with the degree of
Bachelor of Arts. He read law for two years, after which he decided to follow
for his life-work the vocation of teacher. He soon became a very proficient mathe
matician, and has held this chair in Pacific University for the last 19 years. The
four years preceding, from 1S77 to 1SS1, he was principal of Tualatin Academy. Pro
fessor Ferrin is particularly endowed with the ability to impart his knowledge and
to Inspire In others a love for his favorite study, both of which faculties render
him eminently fitted for his profession. In 18S5, at Bloomfleld, Mass., he was
married to Miss Martha M. Haskell, a sister-in-law o" the late Dr. Sidney H.
Marsh, first president of , Pacific University. Mr. and Mrs. Ferrin have three
children. The professor Was elected City Recorder In 18S9, and served two terms.
His beautiful home, conveniently located , has been the center of college social life.
looked none the worse for the blows
James J. 'Jeffries, champion heavy
weight of the world, today issued an open
letter in which he says he is anxious to
ive Fltzslmmons and Tom Sharkey each
another chance for the championship belt
before September 1, and states that he
proposes to do It. With Ruhlin, who was
the logical candidate for a championship
battle, out of the . way, four men are
left who might want battle with Jeffries
Fltzslmmons, Sharkey, Corbett and Mc
Coy. All of these are matched, their
money is posted and not one of them
would allow, the other to break his en
gagement and fight the champion. Jeff
ries, in his letter, says that when he
fought Fltzslmmons the latter's mana
gers forced him to give 65 per cent of
the purse, win, or lose, and In order to
obtain the chance, he agreed to this.
Since then, he says, he holds that he Is
entitled to ' a similar division if he ar
ranges to' meet Fltzslmmons again. In
the letter he says:
"If 'Fltzslmmons swill, meet me before
September 1, I will agree that the winner
take all or-that the purse be divided, 75
to the winner and 25 per cent to the
loser. If he claims that It would not be
Justice to "Sharkey to declare the present
match off between him and the sailor,
I want to make a somewhat novel propo
sition. I will fight both Fitzstmmons
and Sharkey before September 1. Fltzslm
mons first on or about August 23, and
Sharkey August 31. This proposition Is
made with the view of giving Fltzslm
mons the chance he claims he wants to
recover 'the championship and not to do
Sharkey any wrong by shutting 'him out
of his chance to battle for the 'title. If,
by Tuesday;! have received no favorable
answer from Fltzslmmons, I shall dis
continue training and refuse to meet any
one until on or about June 1, 1901. If
Fltzslmmons should beat me on August
23, r win give my match with Sharkey
to htm and In this way it can be very
pleasantly shown whs is champion."
When told of the statemdnt made by
Jeffries, Fltzslmmons said:
"Jeffries Is the only man ln the world
I would like to meet and beat. I fought
him when he was but a fourth-class man.
Luck was his way at the time and he i
whipped me. I should like very much to
accommodate Jeffries with a fight, ana
feel confident it will .be quite possible
to do so before September 1. I have
posted $2500 to meet Tom Sharkey the
night of. August ,23. Next Tuesday it will
be decided before which" club we meet.
I feel. confident of beating Sharkey, and
If I come out of the fight as clean as I
did In mv fight with Ruhlin, I shall be
pleased to meet Jeffries before September
1 In this city, allowing him to dictate
terms, he to take 65 per cent, win or
lose. If he is afraid to meet me on a
basis of the-winner to take all. I know
I can beat him. He Is a good, man, but
the victory over me at Coney Island was
the result of luck. I shall again be cham
pion of the world."
Rnhlln ' a' Iionff Time Recovering
From the Knoek-Ont Blovr.
NEW YORK. Aug 1L Gus Ruhlin, who
was knocked out In the sixth round by
Fltzslmmons last night In the contest
at Madison-Square Gardens. Is at the
home of "Billy" Madden, in Brooklyn,
recovering from the terrible punishment
of the fight
After he received the knock-out blow
he was taken to a Turkish bathhouse.
His condition was considered" so serious
that a physician was summoned. Ruh
lin had violent hemorrhages in the nose
and was bleeding from the ear. When
the doctor reached the patient he was
unconscious.. The physician administered
strychnine to Ruhlin and applied Ice
bags, to hi3 head. Water was dashed In
to Ruhlln's face, and .smelling salts were
frequently applied between Ruhlln's al
ternate stages of collapse and revival.
After an examination the physician de
clared tutu Mere were no internal fii
Juries. The blow which Ruhlin received
on his head when he struck the stage at
the knock-out togetner with the blow
In the solar plexus and the punishment
he had Toceived about the body was.
the doctor declared, responsible for his
condition. -It -was-the opinion of the at-
tending physician that no serious results
At 4 o'clock the hemorrhage had ceased
and Ruhlin was resting easy. About 6
o'clock Ruhlin- had sufficiently recovered
to be able to leave the baths and the
doctor -accompanied him to Madden's
home. At 10 o'clock Ruhlin had suffi
ciently recovered to talk of his condi
tion. He said:
"It was the heat as much as Fltzslm
mons' blows that weakened me. I
trained too hard. I fought too soon af
ter the Sharkey fight I was not fit
and the heat and the punching laid me
out. I am as good as .ever now."
Fltzslmmons said after reading of the
condition of Ruhlin:
"I am awfully sorry. Ruhlin is a good
fellow. I knew he was a mighty sick
man when he left the ring. He coula
hardly hold up his head and shake hands.
I'll go to see him. I can't tell you how
good It makes me feel to know he is
out of danger."
THE HARNESS RACES.
Creacens Bent Tommy Brltton at
CHICAGO, Aug. 11. Before a slim crowd
this afternoon at the Washington Park
track, Cresceus demonstrated his claim
to the title of the fastest trot
ting stallion. In the country by
beating Tommy Britton In straight
heats. A slight ' rain made the
track lightning fast, and in the first heat
a local record was broken, 'Cresceus reel
ing off the mile in 2:06. Cresceus simply
played with the Chicago horse, beating
him asfar as ho wanted to.
C.--K. Billings trotted his mare Lucille
to a, wagon, lowering her record of 2:09
to" 2:094, the fastest amateur record here
tofore being 2:09. The mare was paced
bya runner. Summaries:
2:25 trot, purse "51000 Mr. Mlddlemay
won in straight heats; time, 2:16, 2:16,
Match race, purse $1000 Cresceus won In
two straight heats; time, 2:064, 2:07A.
THE RUNNING RACES.
Miss Bennett Broke the Track Rec
ord at Harlem.
CHICAGO, Aug. 11, At Harlem this
afternoon the ram ceased Just long
enough to allow Miss Bennett to break
the track record by half a second in the
second race. Results:
Six furlongs Sim W. won, Miss Shan
ley second, Carl C. third; time, 1:15 2-5.
Nine-sixteenths of a mile "Miss Bennett
won, Money Muss second, Falrday third;
One and one-eighth miles Bangle won.
Wax second, Nobelman third; time, 1:50.
One mile, Fort Dearborn Stakes Pink
Coat won, Eva Rice eeond; time, 1:41 3-5
Only two started. '
Six furlongs, selling Maggie Davis won,
Boney Boy second, Georgle third; time,
Mile and 100 yards Branch won, Blue
Lick second. Papa Harry third; time,
One mile Dagmar won. Dandy H. sec
ond, Walkenshaw thtrd; time, 1:44.
Races at Detroit.
DETROIT. Aug. 11. Weather fine; track
fast at .Highland Park. Results:
Six lurlongs Sprlngwells won; Double
T. third: time, 1:12.
Five furlongs Gray Sally won, The
Cooper second. Bill Massle third; time,
One mile McGrathlana Prince won,
Kitty Regent second; Lady F. West third;
The Oakland handicap, mile and an
eighth Bell Punch won, Free Lance sec
ond, Chopin third: time, 1:54.
Five furlongs Compass won, Lizzie A.
second. Donna Seay third; time, 1:03.
Six furlongs Quaver won. Fairy Bell
second, Crinkle third; time, 1:14.
Races at St. Louis.
ST. LOUIS, Aug. 1L Results at tho
Selling, 1 3-16 miles Gilbert won.
Grady second, Sadie Levy third;
Selling, 1 miles-Celtic Bard
Bridgeton second, Kitty Clyde third;
Selling, six furlongs Graves won,
loco second, W. B. Gates third;
Missouri Selling Stakes for 2-year-six
furlongs Wall won, Sard second,
lante third; time, 1:15.
Handicap, 1 1-16 miles Havlland
Ohnet second. Pinochle third; time.
Mile Banish won. Tuadiza second,
lay third; time, 1:42.
Rnces at Saratoga.
SARATOGA, N. Y..rAug. 11. Results:
Five and a half furlongs Edgefield
won. Farmer Bennett second, Snark
third; time, 1:0S.
Selling, mile and an eighth Compensa
tion won. Prejudice second. Precursor
third; time, 1:53.
The Kearney handicap, heats, best two
In three, $1000 added, six furlongs First
heat Charentus won. Mr. Jersey second.
Sanders third; tlm, 1:134. Second heat,
Charentus won, Mr. Jersey second. Gon
falon third; time, 1:13.
Handicap, 2-year-o"ds, six furlongs Far
Rocaway won. Gold Heels second, Inshot
third; time, 1:134.
Rcpnlillcan Advisory Board.
NEW YORK. Aug. 11. The advisory
board of the National Republican Com
mittee will be announced next Wednes
day. There will be IS members chosen
from states where particular contests
axe to take place.
THE EAST SWELTERING
MANY DEATHS FROM HEAT IN THE
Thirty-three Fntal Cases In New
York and Vicinity Cooler West
of the" Mississippi.
NEW -YORK, Aug. U.-nDeath reaped a
harvest today from New York's humidity.
At least 33 persons died In this city and
vicinity. 30 of them from prostrations and
three children falling from fire escapes on
which they had crowded to get some re
lief from the torturing heat.
Since August 6, when the temperature
was 91 the conditions have been growing
worse. All In all, It Is the hottest con
tinuous weather New York has had. All
local weather records for this year were
broken. The thermometer reached U3 at
2-P. M., and registered thp same- figures
an hour later. This was the official rec
ord, by the Bureau, high above the street,
and is. many degrees cooler than the
temperature the people were subjected to
on the streets.
The fact that it was a half holiday
saved many from the wilting heat of
offices and factories. Thousands hurried
to the nearest cars and boats for the
seashore, but the million or two left be
hind in the city were obliged, to suffer.
The recreation piers were packed." but
they gave little relief. The keeper of an
east side pier said that the thermometer
had registered 102 during the day. Not a
rustle of a breeze could be detected: The
greatest sufferers were 'the children.
Within the four days during which the
heat has been oppressive there has been
an average of 66 child patients at Bellevue
dispensary alone, the ages of the chlt
.dren ranging from fiva months to two
There was more humidity today than
has previously, been registered, being 53
per cent early in. the morning and ad
vancing during the day. Many horses
One Hundred In Philadelphia.
PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 11. The tem
perature today broke i all records, when,
at 3 o'clock, the Government thermometer
registered 100 degrees. This was within
one degree of the highest temperature ever
officially recorded here. At S o'clock this
morning. S7 degrees was noted. At noon
It was 97, and at 8 'o'clock tonight it stood
at 92. The local forecast officer has no
record of a hot spell so prolonged as tho
Washington in the Lead.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 11. This was the
hottest city in the United States today.
The official, thermometer at the weather
bureau registered 101. The 11 days of the
present month have been warmer than
the first half of August, 1S96, when the
terrific heat made a record here in the
number of fatalities.
Six Deaths In Chicago.
CHICAGO, Aug. 11. Six deaths hero
were due tr the heat today, and there
were 25 proj.tratlons, three of which will
prove fatal. The mercury touched Its
highest point at 3 o'clock, when 92 vas
-eached In the weather bureau office.
Down on the street It was 95 and 97.
Two Deaths In Cincinnati.
CINCINNATI, Aug. 11. The mercury
rose to 93 this afternoon. The deaths by
sunstroke were two. There were nine
Ninety-eight in Pittshnrsr.
PITTSBURG, Aug. U. Two death's and
eight prostrations from heat Is the record
of. today. The Government thermometer
registered 9S at 4 P. M.
IN THE NORTHWEST.
Cooling- Shower in Milwaukee.
MILWAUKEE, Aug. 11 The weather
bureau reports a temperature of 71 de
grees tonight, after a cooling shower.
This Is a decrease from the maximum of
the day of 19 degrees, and is the lowest
registered in over a week. One death
was ascribed to the heat to
day, also one prostration. The record for
eight days shows nine deaths and IS pros
trations of grown people, and about 25
fatalities due to heat among infants.
Rain in Minnesota.
ST. PAUL, Aug. 11. The worst of the
present hot spell seems to be over In
tle Northwest, the mercury early today
dropplng to 65. A'heavy rain and electric
storm last night materially Improved the
air. For eight days the dally maximum
exceeded 0 degrees, while the minimum
temperature was 70.
KNAPSACKS OF MANY NATIONS
English Soldiers' the Llshtest-They
Rely More Upon Transports.
When the Germans heard of the recent
enormous casualty. list on the fatal A.1
dershot field day. about which official
inquiry has been held, there was much
self-complacent head-wagging and many
unkind things were said regarding the
stamina and marching capacity of Thomas
As a matter of fact, any body of troops
under Identical conditions would have
had an equal casualty list, but the Ger
mans do not realize these conditions, be
cause in their maneuvers they and, in
deed, all the, crack Continental armle3,
without doubt "do these things better."
But the Germans can march, and so can
thp "Frenchmen and Russians, and. more
over, the two former. In "marching or
der," carry a bigger lead on their backs
than the British soldier. Marching with
them is an Important accomplishment,
and one not to be taken for granted.
The German recruit, af terv he has had
his parade drill ground thoroughly Into
him, is taken out to stretch his legs'.
First he marches In uniform only, then
he is given a rifle to carry, next his
knapsack, and so on until his marching
order Is at full weight
During all this the dls'ances are being
gradually lengthened, and finally the pac2
Is Increased. When trained, he Is going
his 20 miles regularly twice a week, and
he may be called upon to do a 20-mile
march occasionally, and, fit as he Is, he
accomplishes It "en his head."
That Tommy Atkins can march, too,
nobody will deny, but when comparing Kls
comparatl ely spasmodic pedestrian ef
forts with those of the foreigner, general
conditions must be taken Into account
and here he does not, as a rule, compare
too favorably, except after a fortnight
or less In the field.
Then, again, though some of our au
thorities differ on the point, he must
have a breakfast to march upon, and a
small amount of food every five hours
or so, and an occasional mouthful of
water to wash the dust out of his throat
They get all these things on the Conti
nental maneuvers, as a matter of course.
In ours It Is not always so In fact an
officer writing from the front has said
that so far as hardships and lack of
food are concerned, the Transvaal Is a
paradise compared to Salisbury Plain as
It formerly was.
The ConMnental soldier carries a heav
ier kit on his back than the British sol
dier because he relies less upon his trans
port, and, no matter where the baggage
train is. he can always pitch his tent at
night and roll himself up In his blanket
When In heavy marching order. Tommy
Atkins carries a coat and cape, mess tin
(comprising plate, frying-pan-and kettle),
a. valise holding spare uniform, shirts.
Socks, boots, brushes, etc., and a can
vas haversack for small articles, and a
water-bottle. This weighs complete. wlh
rifle, pouches, bayonet and 100 rounds of
ammunition, 66 pounds.
The German Is provided with a great
coat one blanket and ground sheet a
quarter of a tent and; pole, a mess tin
0 TREAT AND CURE CAT
The Climatic Conditions Are Then Most Favorable m
the Liability to Take Cold Reduced to
TREATMENT, INCLUDING ALL MEDICINE!
Catarrh is an obstinate and dangerous
disease. It clings tenaciously to the sys
tem, and grows more malignant with
each returning Fall and Winter.
The time to take treatment for diseases
of a catarrhal nature Is now. The cli
matic conditions are most favorable
In fact, the best of the year the liability
to taking cold being the lowest, and
one month's treatment now will do more
good than two months In cold and rainy
Time and again Dr. Copeland has urged
upon persons In desperate stages of ca
tarrhal disease the necessity and import
ance of taking treatment while the weath
er is most favorable to a cure.
Now Is the time. Those who suffer
from catarrh should take advantage of
all the Influences that operate now in
favor of a cure. They should not put
oft treatment until next Winter's stormy
RHEUMATISM AND CATARRH
Mr. W. G. Kelso, residinc at 372 1-2
East Oak street, Portland, and well
known In Tillamook. For 10 years life
was made a burden to me by rheuma
tism. The disease seemed to affect my
whole body. There wasn't a bone or
Joint that didn't ache. The ankles would
swell and become very painful, making
it difficult for me to get about For two
or three years I was unable to do any-
Mr. W. G. Kelso, 372 1-2 East Oalc
street, Portland. Cared of rheuma
tism and catarrh.
thing; I had a dull aching pain around
the heart, which was worse at night I
was compelled to He on my back to get
any rest or sleep. My appetite was very
poor, and if I walked a block or two
my strength was exhausted. I also had
catarrh of the head and throat.
I was under treatment at the Copeland
Institute but a short time when I noticed
an Improvement The pain began to leave,
my appetite and strength returned and
my head cleared up. I have not felt so
well ln years as I do now.
With Bronchitis Cured
Mr. J. E. Kolnn, 203 1-2 Morrison
street, Portland, with Mason, Ehrman &
Co., wholesale grocers, for the past 20
years, speaking of the marvelous effici
ency of the Copeland treatment for ca
tarrhal troubles said:
No one can have any conception of the
Splendid Skill They Show
in the handling of desperate cases of dis
ease at the Copeland Institute, except
those who have been sufferers and who
have gone there for treatment. I never
The Dekum, Third and Wellington
W. H. COPELAITD, M. D. J. II. MONTGOMERY, M. D.
tfFFICE IXOCHS From O A. M. to 13 ETEXI"IOS-TneanT and Bldaya.
M.j from 1 to B P. 31. SIWDAY- rom 10 A. 31. to 12 M.
(which for the present Is also his water
bottle) and an ax. His valise contains a
spare pair of boots, three pairs of socks
(or foot rags, if he is a Bavarian), spare
uniform and fatigue-dress brushes, etc
The whole equlpmnt with bayonot rifle
and 130 rounds of ball cartridge, weighs 72
The Frenchman carries much the sime,
Fncludlng tent section and blanket but no
waterproof sheet or haversack. The com
pany cooking-pots are divided up among
fha. mor. i rtHnltlnEr-cuD and spade com-
' pletes lils rig-out which weighs, with
rifle, bayonet and 110 rounus oi ammuni
tion. 72 pounds.
The Russian carries only-6S pounds of
kit but then he has no blanket or water
proof sheet He Is only burdened with 73
rounds of ammunition, which is fastened
about him in somewhat clumsy fashion.
So far as food Is concerned, the redecat,
for all the millions that are spent on him.
really fares worse than his conscript com
rades. With them biscuit and coffee or
chocolate at 5 A. M. Is the rule. Dinner
Is at 12. and consists and this Is on ma
neuvers, too of soup, meat, salad and
beer for the Germans; and one pint of
wine per man for the French. At 60 is
a 'supper of cold meat, aalad. bread and
cheese, and more wine and beer. The
Russian menu Is varied with salt fish, but
he fares well on the whole.
No Time for Friendship.
Friendship Is said to be out of date. We
certainly have not much time to spare
nowadays, even to reflect on what the
rush and hurry and bustle of modrm life
are costing us. Now and again, however,
there is borne In upon us the sad realiza
tion of the losses we sustain as we tear
and scramble through what we now call
life. And is not one of these the power of
establishing close friendships? It Is a
sad reflection, but the more we think of
it the truer wa shall find It to be, that
we no longer have time to knit together
those bonds of true friendship and affec
tion which bound our predecessors to
gether and made life sweet to them. We
are alwrays In a hurry, rushing here and
there; we meet and know many people in
crowds, and yet never have time to un
derstand them, to give them or gain from,
them sympathy; we can scarcely spare
an hour that is unconnected with 3omo
THE BEST T
day3. but should prudently "mend th
roof while the sun shines." Now Is
time, and the opportunity is Just wt
Is desired for the worst cases. Do
let it go by but place yourself unc!
treatment at once and have done
you In tho next few months what m!g
not be possible the next Summer
A majority of patients will only
themselves under treatment at the se
son of the year when they are sufferii
actual pain and distress, namely, durli
the Winter season, when at times It Is
moat Impossible to do anything for thil
on account of the changeable weaths
then, as soon as the warm weather cor
and the Immediate distressing tymptosj
are lessened, they flatter themselves tt
they do not need further attention, af
cease treatment to wait until Wins
comes again, when they go through wij
the same round of aches and pains al
chronic coughs, growing worse, more
bllitated and more Incurable each Wlct
would have believed half of what T nti
know they are accomplishing had It
been demonstrated to me by actual ext
My catarrhal trouble came on grai
ually. I had nasal catarrh quite a wl
before I realized It I was In a. state
nervous discomfort from the mlserat
stuffed-up condition of the nose and he
Before I Knew How Serious
It was the Inflammation had Involved
throat and bronchial tubes, causing a sor
distressed feeling through tho chest
a tickling In the throat, giving rise to
violent cough. My cough became so cos
stant day and night as to deprive me
rest and sleep, and threatened me wis
I had heard of the remarkable reanli
of tho Copeland treatment In catarrh.
made up my mind to try It, and I
completely surprised at the promptnes
and thoroughness with which the treat
ment mastered my trouble. Tho treaf
ment brought me
A Complete Cure.
I am as well now aa I ever was In
Doctor Copeland requests all who as
ailing, all who feel a gradual weak3nlr
or all who realize that their health 13 bj
lng undermined by some unknown cor
nialnt. to cut out this slip, mark
questions that apply to your case aij
he will diagnose your case ror you.
"Is your nose stopped up7"
"Do you sleep with mouth wide
"Is there pain in front of head""
"Is your throat dry or sore?"
"Have you a bad taste in th
"Do you cough?"
"Do you cough worse at night?""
"Is your tongue coated?"
"Is your appetite falling?"
"Is th-re pa"n after eating?"
"Are you light-headed?"
"When you' get up suddenly ore
"Do you have hot flashes?"
"Do you have liver marks?"
"Do your kidneys trouble you?"
"Do you have pain In back or
"Do you wako up tired and out
"Are you losing flesh?"
"Is your strength failing?
For this Doctor Copeland's services arl
free. It means no charge will bo made
not a penny will be received. It means ni
nromlses to pay no future obligation i
implied or demanded. It means what 1
says. To one ana an it is unequivoca
and absolutely free.
Dr. Copeland'a Boafc Fres to AIL
form of entertainment or some business
matter to those we call our closes
Letter-'wrltlng has been reduced to It
least common denominator, as time
presses on us so heavily, and we have nc
pursuits that we can share with our so
called friends that enable us to study eacl
other's characters. Friendship, in fact
has become a mere term with the gener
run of people.
Provides for the Children.
The Deutschland is the first steamshlt
to look out for the happiness of her
children passengers. On the upper deck!
a big room has been set aside for a child
ren's playroom, and here the youngster
can romp, play, and make all the r,o!se
they wish without being an aimoyance
to the other passengers. Tne room, is
supplied with a number of toj'3 which anyl
child guest may use. There are noDDy-;
horses of the most up-to-date sort, a play
house with all modern Improvements,
family- of dolls dressed In the latest at
proved fashion. The room 13 also an idea!
place for playing games. .New xonc jour-j
The Colored Specialist
Has opened up his office at 347 Front and
will sell his medicine as usuat Medicines
for all kinds of chronic diseases.