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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (May 13, 1900)
PORTLAND, OREGON, SUNDAY MORNING, MAT 13, 1900.
THIRTY- PAGES WLW ,11 wf
II JlglfiSlllls. if if I I II I 111 IiTJI I L PACES 1 TO 12 .
0v SfiS.aS T
KROONSTAD ' TAKEN
Lord Roberts' Army Enters
the Town. -
THE FEDERAL FORCES HAD GONE
Transvaalers Have Gone North.vra.rd
and the Free Staters Are Scat
tering: to Their Homes.
LONDON, May 12. The "War Office re
ceived the following dispatch from Lord
"Kroonstad, May 12, 2 P. M. I entered
Kroonstad at 1:30 P. M. today, without
oppjsltlon, when the Union Jack was
hoisted amid cheers from the few British
residents. President Steyn fled last even
ing, cfter vainly endeavoring to persuade
the bjrghera to continue opposition. Tne
Transvaalers said they could no longer
fight on Orange Free State soil, and made J
off far tne vaai liiyer. xne j?ree aiaiers
accused the Transvaalers of having made
use of them and "then deserting. Many
of the Free Staters have gone to their
"The procession entering the town was
headed by my bodyguard, all of whom
were colonials, and after my staff and
foreign officers came the North Somerset
Imperial Yeomanry, followed by Pole
Carew's division, consisting of the Guards
and the Eighteenth Naval Brigade, the
Eighty-third, Eighty-fourth and Eighty
fifth Batteries, two 5-inch guns manned
by the Royal Artillery Company, and the
Twelfth Engineers. The first of the force
encamped around the town.
"Before leaving Kroonstad, President
Steyn Issued a proclamation making Lind
ley the seat of gofernment of the Free
State. Generals Botha and Dewet accom
panied the Transvaalers."
Free Staters Go Iluck to Their Farms
and Trusvaalcm Go Nortlivrard.
LONDON, May IS, 4 A. M. The situa
tion at the seat of war in South Africa
is as satisfactory from the British view
point as the most sanguine friend could
have hoped a week ago. The occupation
of Kroonstad practically places the whole
Orange Free State In British possession.
It Is evident from Lord Roberts' last
dispatch that the disintegration has com
menced. The Free Staters are scattering
to their homes, while the Transvaalers
have gone northward, declining to fight
longer In the Orange Free State. What
little resistance the former still Is llkelj
to make seems to be centering at Lind
ley, where President Steyn has trans
ferred ills seat of government.
It is evident that the strategy of Lord
Roberts and the rapidity of his advance
have bewildered and disheartened the
Boers, as their resistance since the Brit
ish reffhfrli'.aTiil Blvfry-has been slight
The only point where they seriously at
tempted to check the advance seems to
have been oa the British flank, where"
they defended with some vigor two kopjes
which were eventually carried by the East
Lancashires and Sussexes, the Boers
finally refeattng, leaving a group of gun
ners dead on top of one of the hills. The
nly point In the Free State where the
Boers seem In any force, except at Lord
Roberts" front. Is on the southeast, where
Generals Rundle, Campbell and Brabant
are holding them in check, west of Flcks
burg and Ladybrand, and are gradually
rushing them back as well as effectually
ocf eating all their efforts to break
through and threaten Lord Roberts com.
There is no further news regarding the
advance of the relief column to Mafeklng,
but it is possible that Lord Roberts suc
cess will result in forcing the Boers to
raise the siege.
Pretoria advices via Lourenco Marquei
state that the Boers supply of smokelesi
powder Is exhausted, and that all at
tempts to manufacture a fresh supply
have b.n unsuccessful.
A despatch from Cape Town, dated Maj
12. says that Lord Strathcona's Horse
rave gore to the front, and that Lord
Castletown has been appointed com
mander of the "Wepener district.
EXODUS OF JAPANESE.
Government Turning the Tide To
CHICAGO, May 12. A special to the
Record from Victoria, B. G, says:
The steamer Sikh, uponlher arrival here
from Oiiental ports, brought news that,
Owing to the alarm being taken In Amer
ica over the influx of Japanese and the
probab.dty of anti-Japanese legislation,
Ue Japanese Gorernment is making ef
forts to turn the tide of its surplus popu.
at"on to Formosa or the Northern Islands,
m Japanese organ suggests sendlny the
urp'us population to Corea, which Is said
be an Ideal country for the Japanese
"When the Sikh left Japan the naval
janeuvers were in full swing. On tbe
Sth, the day the steamer sailed, the Em
eror left Toklo. He proceeded by sea
o Tosuka, not going by land, to avoid
ailing at Osaka, owing to the preva
mce of the plague there. He was taken
outh In a warship to review the naval
nuadron. The total number of ships en
figed In the maneuvers was 50.
lipal Delegate to Mexico "Will Be
Sent to China.
MEXICO CITY, May 12. The report
fim Rime that Archbishop Avaradl. the
rpal delegate to Mexico, is to be made
f first diplomatic representative of the
Bman Pontificate to Peking, excites
rtch Interest here in ecclesiastical cir
cs. His mission here was not wholly
sicessful. owing to a lack of cordial re
laons with the higher ecclesiastics and
hi evident purpose to make the church
me cosmopolitan by bringing in for
ei priests, and he was also opposed to
th tendency of the clerical press to maln
tai a bitter warfare against everything
lir.ee has for many years claimed the
sol right to act as protector of Catho
lic fcsions in China, and has resisted the
defe cf successive Popes to establish
CiPmatic relations with Peking. It is
behed at Rome that the presence of a
dirt representative of the Holy Father
ut klng may lead to the conversion of
mebers of the Chinese Imperial family.
tntrols Chicago Cheese Trade.
GCAGO. May 12. An association that
wilhave control of all the cheese trade
in ilea go and probably will affect the
prii of the product, has been incorpo
rate at Springfield by Chicago wholesale
dears, to be "called the "Cheese Dealers
Ascatlon Company.' The new organi
zati will have for its members all the
whtsale merchants of the" city. TVrang-
ling over-sales in which much slashing
of prices Is said to have been done Is
said to have brougnt about the associa
tion. E. J. Plggott, treasurer of the new asso
"The association -was formed to ad
vance the industry in cheese. This is only
a consolidation of the various cheese com
panies. It may 'Influence cheese com
panies throughout the country to Join or
make similar associations."
KANSAS CITY STRIKE.
Federal Jadge Issues an Injsnctloa
Agalast the Strikers.
KANSAS CITY. Mo.. May 12. The Fed
eral authorities found alleged cause for
interfering this evening in the street-car
strike. Inaugurated this, morning by the
union employes of the Metropolitan Street
Railway " Company, Judge "William C.
Hook, of Leavenworth, sitting in Kansas
City, issued from tbe United States Dis
trict Court tonight an injunction that Is
more absolute and sweeping in its terms
than any Injunction ever before secured in
this district in a contention between labor
and capital. The injunction is made abso
lute for a week, the matter being set for
a hearing on Saturday next, and If its re
strictions shall be observed by the strikers,
the Metropolitan Company has its fight
won. for the strikers' hands ate tied for
seven days, -and In the meantime tho Met
ropolitan Company can go about tne reor
ganization of its disrupted forces.
Harry Bryan, the National "organizer of
the Amalgamated Association, described
as a resident of Michigan, is one of the
persons enjoined, and the others named
are 22 local leaders of the union, several
of whom are mentioned as residents of
Ohio and Kansas. The injunction restrains
the persons named and all others frbhV In
any manner, directly or indirectly, stop
ping or' Interfering with the running of
cars on the lines of the Metropolitan Com
pany; enjoins them from harassing,, as
saultlng.or in any manner Interfering with
any person who may be in the employ of
tho company as he goes to or from his
work, or as he is engaged In the operation
of a street-car; enjoins union men end all
others from picketing or patrolling tho
car-houses, Btopplng places, stations,
tracks or approaches thereto or loitering
in large numbers in or about any of the
places named or making loud or boister
ous noises in the vicinity thereof for the
purpose of interfering with or intimidat
ing any of the company's employes. Tho
restrictions not only apply to Organizer
Harry Bryan and the 22 men named, but
to all others who may be acting in con
cert with them after the entering of this
TJnsHceessfnl Effort to Settle the St.
ST. LOUIS, May 12. An earnest effort
was made today to settle the strike by
means of arbitration along the lines sug
gested by "W. H. "Woodward and other em
ployes of union labor. These efforts came
to nothing, however, as the strikers and
Street-car companies could not be brought
together on any proposition involving the
recognition of the union -in the manner
With the assistance of tho police, the
Transit Company succeeded in getting
three more of its lines open today, al
though one was temporarily out of com;,
mission by cut wires and barricades. The
Suburban system, as usual, managed to
run pretty nearly on schedule time on each
of its three divisions.
A few cases of violence wero reported
from various parts' of- the city and some
shooting was done, but without serious
All clerks n the offices of the Llndell di
vision of the Transit Company were sworn
In as policemen' this afternoon. Twenty
seven nonunion motormen and conductors
from towns In Northern Missouri reached
here today. It is expected additional non
union men from Cleveland. Milwaukee and
other cities will arrive shortly.
Strike leaders under National President
Mahon were in conference with prominent
business men, headed by "W. H. "Wood
ward, for three hours today. "Woodward
and his conferees submitted a proposed
basis of settlement between the strikers
and the company. All conditions suggest
ed by "Woodward were agreed to save one,
which is the alteration of the union's orig
inal demand for recognition. At the end of
this conference "a committee waited on
President Whlttaker, of the Transit Com
pany. Mr. "Woodward, read the concessions that
the union men had agreed to make from
their original demand. In effect these con
cessions were to allow the present non
union employes of the street railways to
remain in the service without Joining the
union. They still insist, however, that all
new men who entered the service recently
should become members of the .union. Aft
er a long discussion, pro and con. Presi
dent Whittaker agreed to and signed a
proposition mstle by one of the business
men, who said he thought tbe union men
would approve of It, too. This agreement
"First The company shall have the
right to hire any man.
"Second Such men may Join the union
or not. as they wish. Belonging to the
union shall not affect their standing with
"Third The company does not propose
to fight unionism. It simply wants to
fulfill Its duties to the public"
The conference then adjourned to enable
the business men to meet with the strik
ers again. .
'A crowd of 600 perons made & demon
stration against a Laclede-avenue car
this afternoon. "W. F. Brinton and Isaac
Taylor were arrested and taken to tho
station. Officer Graham was struck on
the head with a stone thrown by a woman,
who was afterward arrested.
Harry Turner, a car starter, fired sev
eral shots through a car window on La
clede avenue, but did not strike any of
the passengers. Cars were blocked at
several points by barricades of timbers.
ARMS FOR FILIPINOS.
Germany Supplying the Tagal Be
els Bold Claims.
NEW YORK. May 12. A dispatch to
the Evening "World from "Hong Kong
The Filipino Junta has been receiving
large amounts of money -at Manila. "With
in the past three months three shiploads
of arms have arrived here from Germany
for the Insurgent cause. The Junta gave
a big banquet here last night In honor of
the reorganization of the government. The
Filipinos claim they will open aggressive
hostilities just as soon as the rainy sea
Leyte Terras Occapled.
MANHaA, May 13, 7:14 A. M. The towns
of Hilongos and Maasln. in Leyte, have
been occupied by troops of the Forty-third
Regiment. The enemy opposed the land
ing of the "troops, and their losses were
heavy. There were three American casu
alties. Chicago's Fopalatiea.
CHICAGO. May 12. The Times-Herald
tomorrow will say:
"The work of the Chicago city directory
enumerators for 1SC0, almost completed,
shows that the population ofCbicago Is
not less than WLOeo.
GIFT OF A NATION
American Pavilion " Turned
Over to French Exposition.
CEREMONY WAS QUITE -SIMPLE
Commissioner Peclc Made the Ad
dress ana 3C. Plclcard tke Response
Soasa Gave -a Concert.
nn r.i m. ln.A-lit.in Tul1lnn
fiUUU. Jiftj J .LAJI. &A ..-... ,
at tne exposition was lormany lumeu
over to the authorities and public today.
.. .... m ,t . ...X i
The inauguration took place in the pres-. supporters are lootung torwara to eun
ence of Embassy and Consular officials, day's result with grave concern.
a number of high French functionaries,
diplomats and commissioners and such a
concourse of American citizens that many
who were provided with tickets were un
able to gain admittance into the building.
Frenoh municipal' guards and policemen
formed a cordon around the, building, keep
ing the space in front of the 'main en
trance, on the embankment of the Seine,
free for the passage of the official party.
The balconies were occupied exclusively
by Invited guests, while on the floor of
th& building a double line of American
guards, with white Summer helmets,
formed an aisle through which the offi
cial party passed ,from the main en
trance to the spot where the presenta
tion took place.
The ceremony of transferring the jm-
vllion was quite simple, consisting of an
address by Ferdinand "W. Peck, Corneals-
sloner of the United States, handing over J retary Root's private office for a secret
the pavilion to M. Alfred Plckard, as the conference with Deputy Auditor Lawshe,
Commissioner-General of the exposition, an(j the postofflce Inspectors who have
and the latter's response. No time was' Deen detailed by Postmaster-General
lost in proceedlng.with the ceremony, Mr. Smith to investigate these Cuban postal
Peck delivering his address arid M. Pick-1 frauds.
ard replying In a brief but eloquent ad- Acting Secretary Melklejohn received an
dress, which evoked .enthusiastic hurrahs express package today from General
from the audience. Addressing M. Pick-j "Wood, at Havana, containing an appll
ard. Mr. Peck said: cation for the extradition of Neely. Mr.
"The great Nation which I have the ; Melklejohn sent the document to the De-
honor to represent has by your suffrage
planted this building upon the soil of
our sister republic, France. "We rejoice
that .we have been permitted to erect this
itrUcture upon the Rue des Nations, an
International avenue, designed to become
tho most famed and historical feature of
your great universal exposition; for these Melklejohn had appointed Abram L.
homes of the peoples of the world, stand- Lawshe, Deputy Auditor for the Post
ing by the side of one another, will pro- office Department, to be Assistant Auditor
mote in a large degree tnat great ira-
ternlty which should exist between the
nations of the earth. "We have bullded
our sruture as a part of your Interna
tional undertaking, and therefore It Is my
duty and great pleasure to transfer to
you. as the executive head of the expo
sition, this edifice, which Is the gift of a
Nation gladly uniting with other nations
In bringing to France Its resources and
products as a contribution to the great bring to justice every person who may
peace festival so happily Inaugurated." be found to have been connected in any
Mr. Peck here presented M. Plckard. -way with the frauds upon the postal reve
wlth a gold key and pendant represent-, nues.
Ing the pavilion, as a souvenir, and con-
eluded with the words: "I know my coun
trymen will Join me In the sentiment:
'"Vyve & Commlssalre-Generale Plckard 1
'Vive le Exposition Unlversello de 1S001'
"Vive la France!' "
M. Plckard replied:
"It is for me a veritable good fortune.
and at the same time a profound pleas
tire, to" be able, on this- solemn .occasion,
to offer the eminent representative of the
United States my most cordial congratu
lations. The palace of majestic elegance
which you constructed on the banks of
the Seine, and which we Inaugurate today,
appears to me not only a temple to make
the progress of peace, but also a superb
monument reared to the time-honored
friendship of two nations. I feel certain
that I will be a faithful Interpreter of
the sentiments of my fellow-citizens In
tahnklng the powerful republic of the
United States for the friendly welcome
given to the Invitation of the French Re
public, and admirable participation In th
work of concord, whereby all countries
decided to close the 19th century."
At the conclusion of M. Plckard's re-
marks a general reception was held.
Sousa's band gave a concert during the
remainder of the afternoon.
TEMPERANCE QUESTION UP.
Trouble Over the Matter of Selllnp
Liqnor In American Pavilion.
PARIS. May 12. The question of the
Sunday opening of the American pavilion
and section at the Exposition had barely
been settled, when the temperance advo
cates lifted their voices against the sale
of liquor In the cafe of the American pa
vilion. The open letter column of the
Paris Herald offered an arena for a wordy
warfare between the opponents and of
the sympathizers with the sale of liquor,
which has been highly Interesting to
Parisians, who utterly fall to comprehend
how such a subject could form a topic of
discussion. At the headquarters of tho
American commission it is explained, that
those who have been vehemently assault
ing the Idea of an American bar are act
ing under false Impressions, as no bar
is to be located there.
American music and American musicians-received
an extraordinary welcome
AHIIMMII l'1 l' I III I i S3 fl l l ll . nr .r.B II I.Wlll'l.-
?Vr k v a q t t$s iWfS
o"Tr'or"1"'ii t tV Oyif " """Vw. jvLyS I i 2
U rf cIO0At,"0 Jilt
Lord Roberts sad th main JBrlUsh army are now at Kroonstad. which is nearly half way from Bloeiafonteln to Pretoria. The forces
tinder Br&btnt. Bundle and Campbell are holding the Boer in cheek la the country west of felcksburc tad Ladybrand. thereby protecting
the British eesesumlcaUons. General Hunter's column, which Is pushing- on from KImberley to relleTe Mafekinc, was last reported at
lira, lM'mUM secth C tk Wied tow, with tfc awacte yrt et the force, B4ecGeaeral Barten, at Vryburg, some 40 miles berond.
at the exhibition this week. Sousa's band
made Its debut arid gave daily open-air
concerts en the beautiful Esplanade des
Invalldes. This week has seen the in
auguration of a number of foreign -pavilions.
Including those of Spain. Belgium,
Sweden. Japan, and Denmark.
Second ballots to decide those municipal
elections which were left without definite
results last Sunday, owing to insufficient
majorities, will make tomorrow a crucial
day in the political history of Paris, and
will have a considerable influence on the
political situation in France" generally.
The ballots will either paint the Paris
municipal Council with Nationalism cr
merely leave the Nationalists In sufficient
number to form an aggressive minority.
which will be a thorn In tbe side of xtho
Government. Semiofficial declarations
that the Government regards the eventu
ality of a Nationalist Council with equa
nimity in view of tho extremely satlsfac-
irtrv rMatfnns In fh nmvlnees must not
I... .a1.j.h 1I.am.IW T. I. .... AIAee 4.f Amnr '
vw.rf --...... ... . . -
ue iuabu mBiauji nuaMiii"v'F
to disguise the fac that the Government's
CUBAN POSTAL FRAUDS.
Assistant Secretary "MeiUJcJoaa
Msklttg a Tboroagh Inquiry.
"WASHINGTON, May 12. Assistant Sec
retary Moiklejohn has apparently been
charged with the direction of the prose
cution of the inquiry Into the alleged
Cuban postal frauds. Probably this Is by
virtue of the fact that he has been Ix.
charge of all matters In the "War De
partment pertaining to the insular pos
sessions of the United States, and con
sequently has, through a specially erect
ed bureau in his office, kept account of
all receipts and expenditures of the
islands, including Cuba. At noon today
the Assistant Secretary retired Into Sec-
partment of Justice for the action of the
Attorney-General, who undoubtedly will
cause Its presentation to the Governor
of New York without delay.
At the. conclusion of the conference at
tlo "War Department this afternoon it
was announced that Assistant' Secretary
for auditing the accounts of the depart-
mental postofllces In Cuba, in place of
W. H. Reeves, who has been suspended
pending the result of the Investigation of
the alleged frauds. Mr. Lawshe, accom
panied by Mr. Nettleton. an expert ac-
V tt)wlH leave Monday for Havana
re. Lte a thorough Investigation of the
Cuban postal service. It is . declared to
be the purpose of the Administration to
THF FIRST LETTER
Mailed at tke United States gPostet
ace at the Paris Expo(t"n. j
"WASHINGTON. May 12. The first let
ter mailed at the United States postoffice
at the Paris exposition, was addressed to
President McKlnley by Commissioner-
General Peck. He wrote:
"It seems fitting that you should receive
the first letter ever deposited in a post
office of the United States located in a
foreign land. I have the honor of inform
ing you that this communication is the
first ever transmitted through such a
channel. It is registered. A complete
postofflce under the direction of the Post
master-General of the United .States Is
now In full operation In the National Pa
vlllon, established by our Government at
the Paris exposition. You will be inter
ested In knowing that in this building is
located. In addition to the postofflce, an
official bureau of information for the bene
fit of all American people; also the Amcri-
' c chamber of Commerce organised in
Paris; the reception-rooms of the Commissioner-General,
Secretary, and the National
Commissioners appointed under the act
of Congress. One of the rooms will be
known as 'States Headquarters.' One of
the rooms is set apart for the Loyal Le
glon of the United States and for wom
en's'organlzatlons. The entire building is
the homo of our American citizens."
Alleged Abduction of "Gyp."
PARIS, May 12. The Parisian sensation
of the hour Is the alleged abduction of the
celebrated writer "Gyp," whose real name
Is Comtesse Martell de Mirabeau, a de
scendant of the Revolutionary Mirabeau.
The police believe she is the victim of an
Regatta at Annapolis.
ANNAPOLIS, Md.. May 12. The Naval
Cadets boat crews and those or the Uni
versity of Pennsylvania divided honors
today, each side winning an event, tho
Varsity crew carrying off the prize .for
Pennsylvania, while the Middles took" the
freshmen visitors into camp.
MAP OF THE SEAT OF WAR. .
Senate, by a Close Vote, Re-
jected the Proposition.
CHANDLER MADE FRAUD CHARGES
Spbener and Hale Deprecated the
War Talk by Lodge Friday
Hoar Also Protested.
"WASHINGTON, May 12. By a close
vote, the Senate today rejected the prop
osition to erect, without reference to the
price at which the Government could se
curo armor-plate' for Its warships, an
armor-plate factory. The vote upon the
.C "- .
WHO IS LEADING GENERAL HUNTER'S ADVANCE GUARD TO RELIEVE
direct proposition was -22 to 24, and sub
sidiary amendments werei rejected by
about the same vote. "When the commit
tee's proposition was about to be voted
upon a filibuster was organized, the
quorum of the Senate was broken, and
the question Is still In the air. During
the debate today. Chandler (Rep. Is. a.)
deiivered a sensational speech, in which
ho charged that the Government had been
defrauded In the adoption of the Harvel
lzed armor. He declared a similar fraud
was proposed in the attempt to force the
Government to adopt the Krupp armor.
Spooner (Rep. "Wis.) and Hale (Rep. Me.)
made notable speeches deprecating the
war talk yesterday by Lodge (Rep.
Mass.). Neither the Senator from "Wis
consln nor the Senator from Maine was
fearful that we might become involved In
difficulties with Germany on account of
the Monroe Doctrine. Hoar (Rep. Mass.)
protested against the "wretched imperial
istic business" and the talk that this Na
tion had only recently become a "world
power," asserting that it had been a
world power since the "War of 1S12.
"When the Senate convened today, Davis
(Rep. Minn.) reported a joint resolution
respecting the unveiling of the statue of
La Fayette at Paris on July 4. The pre
amble recited that the school children of
the United States had contributed 550,000
for a statue, and that the United States
had added $30,000 for a pedestal for the
statue. The resolution follows:
"That tho people of the United States
anticipate and appreciate this ceremony
with feelings of the greatest satisfaction,
and they regard the statue as expressing
the honor and gratitude with which they
cherish the memory of La Fayette and
those of his countrymen who, by their
arms and counsel, assisted in securing the
Independence of the United States.
"That the President Is hereby requested
to transmit a copy of these resolutions
to the government or j; ranee.
The resolution was agreed to.
Consideration was then resumed of the
J armor-plate section of the Naval appro
priation bill. Chandler, speaking of tne
Navy Department's advocacy of contract
ing with armor-plate manufacturers, said
that Commander Folger, after the adop
tion of the Harveyized armor by this
Government, resigned and joined the Har
vey Company at a salary of $3000, with
an addition of $20,000 of stock in the com
pany. He then went to Europe in the in
terests of the company. At the conclu
sion of Secretary Tracy's term he became
Immediately counsel for the Harvey Com
pany, In defense of the Harvey patents.
Continuing, Chandler said: .
"I believe I am prepared to show that
the Harvey patent was a fraud, and that
it was imposed upon the Patent Office and
upon the Government by subterfuge, if
not by dishonesty. "When the Govern
ment refused to pay more than $300 a ton
for Harvey armor, the combined armor
manufacturers of the, world endeavored
to obtain by subterfuge or by Injustice
another armor. I do not believe that the
Krupp armor, which they offer us, has
any merit whatever except that it Is hard
ened deeper than the Harveyized armor
by the well-known means of hardening
steel by means of carbonization. There
Is no patent .ahout it, and there is no
secret about it that is worth a dollar in
any court" .
Chandler concluded with the statement
that the proposed Government armor
plant could be erected for ri.00,000, and a
steel plant alongside it for $300,000. and ba
bcileveu the plants ougnt to be construct-
i ed. He thought that Admiral O'Nell,
Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance, could
build such plants, and build them well.
Stewart (Sll. Nev.) urged tho construc
tion of a Government armor plant, not
only to prevent the armor manufacturers
from "milking" the Government, but to
! enable us to do our own work if it should
t become necessary In taking and maintain-
Ing our place as a world power.
Hoar made a sharp reply to the state
ment by Stewart.
"I wish," he said, "to enter my protest
as emphatically as I can that the United
States has got to be a first-class power
a 'world power.' I am sick of hearing
Senators say that since this wretched Im
perialistic business we have become a
first-class power. The United States came
out of the "War of 1S12 a first-class power,
and she has been a first-class power ever
since a power that has kept off the whole
of Europe from North America and the
West Indian Islands, except as it was
there before. The United States Is not
as strong as It was a year ago, because
It has bound itself since that time to
keep the peace in distant possessions.
I Tho little country that did-that thing (the
j remarkable achievements of the "War of
j 1S12) came out of the war a first-class
power. There has not been a country
since that time, great or small, that has
J ventured to tackle us, and there is not a
country on earth, great or small, that
I would not have gotten out of any trouble
i with us by diplomacy rather than by
Rawlins (Dem. Utah), speaking In sup-
i port oi a "government armor factory.
made an attack upon the Administration's
foreign policy. He spoke of the United
States as trying to play the "bully of
the Dardanelles, thus bidding defiance to
the rest of mankind."
Spooner Deprecates "War Talk.
Spooner did not approve of limiting the
price of armor to J300 per ton, and said
he regarded it as very humiliating to the
United States that our ships should stand
In the stocke awaiting their armor.
Tam in favor," he said, "of on in
crease in our Navy. I am not ambitious
that the United States should enter Into
competition with any European power.
I'll not vote to speed these ships to com
pletion, as was suggested by the Sena
tor from Massachusetts (Lodge) yester
day. In order to defend the Monroe Doc
trine. The Senator almost said we were
In danger from Germany on account of
that doctrine. The doctrine Is dearly
cherished by the American people. It la
regarded as a vital principle, and It will
never bo surrendered at the challenge of
any government, even though we have
to empty the almost unlimltable resources
of the country in its defense. I believe
there has not been a time in E0 years
when there was less danger than there
Is today of the challenge of the Monroe
Doctrine by any government under the
sky. I was surprised at the suggestion
contained In .the speech of the Senator
from Massachusetts yesterday as an ar
gument In favor of the speedy comple
tion of the ships or of increasing our
Navy that it might be necessary to meet
the challenge of that doctrine by Ger
many. I do not believe It.
"I have, on authority, warrant for as
serting that there has not been a time
when there existed a more cordial rela
tion between the United States and Ger
many than existe today. I look for no
war, no trouble with the Empire of Ger
many. I think there is no foundation for
any such suggestion, but we must have a
large Navy. I do not eay that we have
become a first-class nation In .the sense
that we" have not been one, but we are
(Concludtd en Second Page.)
CARE OF VETERANS
McBride's Bill for Indian Warl
and Philippine Soldiers.
WOULD ADMIT TO STATE HOMES
Provision for a Board to Determine
the Desirability of Locating' a '
Drydoclc oa the Columbia. ,
"WASHINGTON, May 12. Senator Mc
Bride has introduced a bill amending the
law which allows state Soldiers' Homes
$100 a year for the care of each veteran,
of tho Civil War, so as to admit the In
dian "War veterans and veterans of the
Philippine and Spanish "Wars at the soma
The Senator has also introduced as an
amendment to the sundry civil bill an ap
propriation of $3CO,CO0 for a launch for the
customs service at Victoria.
He had pending today, waiting to offer,,
and will offer It Monday, an amendment
providing for a board, of officers to deter."
mine the desirability of locating a dry
dock on the Columbia River.
Land for Indian "War Veterans.
It Is a pretty well recognized tact "in
Washington that there Is not the ghost
of a show of passing the Indian "War vet
eran pension bill, and many of the vet
erans, after long years of waiting, ac
cordingly turned their efforts in another
direction, and are now urging the pas
sage of another bill in their interest,
which provides for giving a land warrant
for 1C0 acres to each of the survivors of
the Indian wars of Oregon, and other
"Western states. This bill would undoubt
edly have a better chance of passing than
the pension bill, for, in the first place, it
does not require an appropriation, and.
secondly, does not establish a precedent
for service pensions. One of the argu
ments advanced In favor of the Indian
-3Var pension bill was that the survivors
are all old men, and that to derive any
benefit from the legislation, it would have
to be enacted at an early date. It Is now
thought that a tract of 160 acres of Gov
ernment land would be of more material
benefit to the veterans than the pension
that they would secure, and in view o
the short time they would draw this pen
sion, this latter contention is probably
correct. Representative Tongue, who in
troduced such a land warrant bill early
In the session, has been called upon to
secure Its passage, and is now seeking,
through the aid of Representative Moody,
to secure a favorable report on this bill,
in the hope that it may be passed before
Army Veterinary Corps.
The committee on military affairs, when
It was considering the Army reorganiza
tion bill, turned down all efforts to create
a veterinary corps in the Army. This
was taken up in the Senate, however, and
pushed with a great deal of vigor, and It
was finally put through by a very narrow
majority. The increase in the number of
officers Is considerable. "We begin with a
Colonel, and have 33 other officers who
are to become permanent Army officers.
It adds another civilian staff, as a matter.
of fact, which many people do not believe
is necessary. The fact. Is that nearly
every cavalry officer knows about all that
is necessary to know about horsesThese,
together with the regular veterinary sur
geons, who are already In the Army, ara
sufficient, but this did not satisfy certain
interests, and the amendment was made
to the Army bill.
It (transpires that the principal fight
was made for one Dr. Huldekooper, who,
according to his card, Is a veterinary sur
geon. It was this same Huldekooper who
was made a Lieutenant-Colonel and Chief
Surgeon at Chlckamaugar and who was
blamed for a great deal of the disastrous
inefficiency of the medical corp3 of that
camp. It Is said that Huldekooper is now
to be made a Colonel of the new corps
when it Is created. It Is possible that tha
House will sit down on this provision, as
the Army is generally against It, and
Huldekooper Is trying to force himself
upon the Army in defiance of the protests
of the Secretary of "War and many other
Talking Too Much.
It is evident that the Navy Department
desires to Impress upon the Naval offi
cers that they are educated and paid for
some other purpose than to talk too much
about their fellow-officers, and to the dis
credit of the Navy generally. The recent
reprimand of Secretary Long to Captain
Chadwlck Is a case In point. Now, the
Navy Department Is rather fond of Cap
tain Chadwlck. He was given a very
good command during the Spanish "War,
being Captain of the New York, the flag
ship of the North Atlantic fleet. He was
and still Is a very ardent champion ot
Rear-Admiral Sampson, and is conse
quently a very intense and implacable en
emy of Rear-Admiral Schley. About the
time that the Navy Department hoped tha
Sampson-Schley controversy was at an
end, Chadwlck appears In an Interview
speaking In very vicious terms of Rear
Admiral Schley, and his condemnation
was also a condemnation of the Navy De.
partment. It matters not what Schley
did or what he did not do, during tha
Spanish "War. The fact remains thai
since that time the Navy Department rec
ommended and the President nominated
him tp be advanced six numbers for gal
lant and meritorious services during the
Spanish "War. More than that; the Pres
ident made him a member of the first
commlssiop to visit Porto Rico for the
settlement of affairs between theUnlted
States ana Spain, regarding the transfer
of tha island and property to the United
States. Since that time, Rear-Admiral
Schley has been made commander of the
South Atlantic station, an unimportant
post. It Is true, for a man who has dona
so much, yet It Is a, good command.
Bryan's Extravagant Claims.
The various claims put out by Bryan
from time to time as to what states he Is
going to carry and how the Democratic
party's going to succeed attract attention.
Bryan Is the most optimistic man tnat
ever was a continuous candidate for Pres
ident, and he will, of course, make thess
extravagant claims for the sake of con
vincing the Democratic party that'll
should nominate him.
New Kind of Freight Cars.
PITTSBURG, May 12. The Pressed
Steel Car Company has decided to meet
the demands for Its steel under frame
wooden boxcars, and to this end the pres
ent works of the company at McKeo's
Rocks will be enlarged to provide for an
output of 80 cars of the type in question
per day. "When the addition Is completed,
the total car capacity of the company
will be ISO cars per day, an Increase of SO
per cent over the present capacity and a
net increase of 2G0 per cent over the
capacity of the company ono year ago.
Orders already received aggregate
J1.5O0.W0. The change will In no way affect
the steel car field of the company, being
6lmply a departure Into the. field whlca
has not been-covered.
,,aiMMIII v I HI i -