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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (April 15, 1900)
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THE SUNDAY OREGONIAN, PORTLAJfD, APRIL 18, 1000.
PLACERS AND LEDGES
XIECORD OP MIXING PROGRESS IX
THE PACIFIC aORTHWEST.
Discoveries and Development Opera
tions In the Various District
Much Improvement at Snmpter.
8UMPTER. Or April 13. New strikes,
new purchases and the closing up of old
deals in mines has been the order ol
the pasr week In the Sumpter district.
When a property Is bonded It meant that
It Is thought to be worth the amount of
the bond, and that a stipulated amount
of work Is to be done to test its value.
"When the money is paid over and th
bond 'taken up. it is understood the test
has been satisfactory. The Blue Moun
tain American sajs that "Captain Thomp
son and J. T. Penhole, of the Bunker
Hill Gold Mining Company, representing
tho Canadian Investors, made the llnal
payment of $30,000 on the property last
Monday." This confirms the opinion pre
viously expressed that the Bunker Hill
would become a mine. This property was
bonded for $30,000, all of which has now
Near the Bunker Hill is the Robert E.
Leo group of.clalms. which has been pur
chased by Colonel Ray, of Port Arthur,
Canada. The final payment has lately
been made on this property also.
A new strike was made recently about
two miles from the Bonanza mine. The
width of the ledge is 13 feet, and the
average of assays, so far made, is about
$25. The property Is known as the Rosi
Gulch group. The strike, was made bj
Fred Kuott, who has assoclted with him
several men from Baker City.
IX THE COItXUCOFIA DISTRICT.
Business of All Kinds Is Dooming'
Mines Are Active.
CORNUCOPIA. April IX The unusually
fine weather for early April Is causing
prospectors to begin preparing their kits
for the coming hunts for the ellow met
al. The merchants, anticipating a big
trade this Spring, have stocks on hand
that last year it w ould have been thought
business suicide to carry. They are sell
ing more goods now than at any time
heretofore, and the mining season has
The concentrate teams from the Union
Companion mill have begun their work,
and are now going to Baker City every
other day In trains of two six-horse teams.
John "Wilson, a veteran freighter, hauls
the rock to Carson, mrhere It is trans
ferred to the teams of Irwin & Slade, who
take it the rest of. the distance to Baker
City. The ore is going out at the rate
of G0.000 pounds a week.
P. F. roster has the contract for haul
ing the concentrates from tho Robert Em.
mett to the railroad at Baker City, and
will begin his work on or before May
1. He will have -4 horses on the road.
This mine is one of the most promising
in the district, and great things are ex
pected of It this summer.
Ed Farrel and associates have bonded
their copper claims on Snake River, and
adjoining the famous Vaughan to E. Antz
for a sum which they refuse to disclose,
but which Is probably $50,000, and per
haps more. These claims, three in num
ber, have always been considered first
class, and with capital properly to devel
op them. It Is expected that they will
equal their big neighbor in productive
ness. Mr. Antz is acting for Montana
.parties, whose identity is unknown, but
It is not improbable that the money may
come from the same sources, that that did
which secured the election of Clark to the
United States Senate. .
Se-eral surveys have been made lately
with the idea of locating a power-houso
on Pine Creek for the purpose of supply
ing power to run the Union-Companion
mllL All signs point to a vigorous prose
cution of work as soon as the new own
ers get their affairs in good running or
der. Incoming stages and private convey
ances are bringing In strangers miners,
prospectors, greenhorns, investors faster
than ever before. The stages are hardly
prepared for tho rush, but are doing no
bly. Tho proprietor of the lino to Union
Is soon to put on thoroughbrace coaches,
and It is likely that the rival line will be
compelled to do likewise. The hotels are
crowded, and a new building is to be
erected for the Cornucopia Hotel as soon
as lumber can be secured. It is almost
Impossible to get a house to rent or pur
chase. Property In neighboring Pine Val
ley is commanding good prices. Joseph
Bogner last jear tried in vain to sell his
40-acre tract with practically no Improve
ments for $600. Not finding a purchaser,
he rented It for one year for $00. The
lease will expire May 1, and the present
tenant mode strenuous efforts to renew his
lease, bidding as high as $35. This was
refused, and the place was sold the other
day for JS00, In addition to a house and
lot in Cornucopia, valued at $350. Another
sale was made lately in which for a con
sideration of $1500, David Painter trans
t erred his 20-acre farm to Nathan Hocktt,
of Richland. It has been reported that
Cornucopia has several coses of small
pox. This is altogether false, as there
has never been a case In camp, and only
one in Pine Valley.
Eagle Valley's cannery and evaporating
plant Is now a. surety. "The plan is for a
co-operative one. and over $3000 of the
$5000 stock has been subscribed. The pro
moters are the best men in the Valley,
and the plant WH1 be in operation by
June 1. "lin
A NEW MIMXG DISTRICT..
Contracts for the Development of.
LAWTON. Or., April 12. Scarcely a
week goes by in this camp without a nefl
Strike of much importance. This week It
was in the Canton, above the Red Boy.
So far, it has been impossible to get par
ticulars, the owners of this property being
very reticent. For reasona known to all
mining men this fact is the more signifi
cant of good values.
A new mining district was organized, a
few days ago. at Alamo, known as the
Greenhorn Mining District. The boun
daries of tho district, as announced, are
as follows: Commencing south at Robln
sonvllle and following Ihe Baker County
line to the headwaters of the north fork
of the John Day River. Thence down
the north fork to the intersection of Des
olatlon Creek to the low' divide between
Desolation and Colder Creeks, thence
along tho summit of Greenhorn Mountains
to Roblhsonvile. Fred ilcCoy was choset
as Deputy Recorder of the district.
It has practically been decided by the
owners of the O. K. mlno to put in a large
mill this ear. In the meantime work
will bo continued on the ledge with a view
of showing its extent and value.
A contract has been let by the Red Hoy
Hill Company for a 200-foot tunnel on Its
property above the Red Boy mine. Judg
ing from the cropplngs this company ex
pects to open up a largo ledge which It
is said can be traced the length of three
INTEREST AT ROUItXE.
ntch Ore Struck In One of the Es
BOURNE. Or., April 12. Thero is much
Interest manifest hero in mines In gen
eral, and cjpeclally In the E & E and
Esmeralda. Probably no one thing
would benefit Bourne more than the open
ing up of the E & E. which has so
long stood Idle. In days gone by thli
property gave employment to a large
number of men. It is understood thr
mine Is now entirely in the hands of the
owners, and there is hope of Its being
reoncntd this year.
Tho discovery in the Esmeralda has at
tracted more attention than anything
else in this camp for some time. All sorti
of reports are, current, any and all ol
which" may be true In a -ray. . The valut
of the ore opened Is estimated variously
up to $10,000 per ton. As Is true In any
fine gold-bearing rock, specimen assays
may be had at any value up to pure
gold. But It is a fact that in the Ameri
can claim of the Esmeralda group, ad-.
Joining the E & E. a six-foot ledge was
cut in a 30-foot tunnel. Like the Gol
conda and E tc E ledges, this one carrlef
in places fine gold in large quantities.
W. T. Klnsey, one of. the owners ot
the Esmeralda group, when seen today,
gave the following statement concerning
the strike In tho American claim:
"The statement that we have cut a
foot vein of ore running $40,000 or any
other big sum, was made without the
authority of the 'owners of the property."
. The facts as given by Mr. Klnsey are
that a pay chute was struck In the tun
nel at a depth of about IS feet, and 25
feet from the entrance. The chute tapers
to a point about IS Inches from the baso
of the tunnel, and at the base It Is about
seven Inches wide. The quartz bears
thread or wire gold, and "will run high,
but no assays from this ore have been
made. The ledge has been cut to a width
of six feet, the average assays of whlcS
-will be about $21.
LUCKY nOY A GREAT PROPERTY.
Mill ItunnlnR Steadily and Ore Pays
From Grass Roots.
BLUE RIVER, Or., April 12. This has
been a most remarkable Winter In this
camp, and prospecting has been going on
nearly all tho time, and several new finds
have been made. Dr. Candlani. of Port
land, come up here two weeks ago. and
camped for a few days at the Lucky Boy
mine. He had four miners with him, and
has Just got his cabin built and camp
established, and commenced work pros
pecting on the' Doctor mlno. Just west of
the Lucky Boy ledge, and about half a
mile north of the Lucky Boy mill, being
the first northwest extension ot the Gold
Dollar mine, which also belongs to the
Lucky Boy group. Yesterday It was re
ported here that the doctor had struck the
ledge on his claim, and found it 11 feet
wide, and prospecting well In free gold.
Se eral claims are being worked now since
most of tho snow Is gone.
The Lucky Boy mill runs steadily day
and night, never stopping a moment, ex
cept to clean up. Tho fifth regular clean
up was sent to Eugene last week, and
was the Urgent one since the mill has
run. It took 12 years to get a mill on
the Lucky Boy. and as soon as the mill
was ready to run. two tunnels were start
ed on the ledge one about 140 feet above
the mill, and the other about 25 feet be
low that, and ore was extracted from
these two tunnels and run down a chute
Into the mill. The rock began to pay In
the grass roots, and It Increases In rich
ness with every toot of depth of tun
nelsand for several months five miners
kept the 10-stamp mill running day and
night. But the ledge gets harder as more
depth Is attained, and a few more men
have been added.
Thero is plenty of wood and water handy
to the mill, and during the past month
It has gained considerable In its crushing
capacity, and runs smoothly. The com
pany has Just purchased a saw mill -plant,
which will soon be erected near the quarts
mill. It has a fine tract o.f timber closa
by. comprising something 'like 50 acres,
which nearly all lies above the mine and
mill. Nearly 30 men are as busy as bees
There is ore In sight in this mine to
run the present mill day and night for th
next 40 years, and there is no doubt thai
there are plenty of other mines here as
good If not better than the Lucky Boy.
All we lack here Is capital and common
sense management to make as good a
mining camp as any In the great Pacific
Northwest, as we have all the natural ad
vantages of good climate, timber and
water, all of which are great factors to'
build up a successful mining district.
THD COLLATERAL STRIKE.
An Attempt Try Austrian Expert to
Save Fine Gold.
BAKER CITY, April 14. Tho recent
strike in the collateral claim of the Virtue
mine, near this place, was a welcome
piece of news to the residents of Baker
City. The owners of the Virtue have
earned success by their persistent efforts
to make this a profitable mine. Owing
to the pockety formation there have al
ways been many doubters, but the owners
have clung to the Idea that the ledge
would solidify at considerable depth, and
values become regular.
Carl Welsshuhn. of Moravia,, Austria,
a millionaire miner. Is Investigating trie
goldflclds of Eastern Oregon and Idaho.
He Is an expert placer-miner, and claims
to have a process that will save the finest
of gold. He will test his process along
the Snake River, and If It shall prove
successful, he tlll Invest heavily In placer
ground, and Install machinery for work.
Here is a query for Portland: A Den
ver mine and smelter supply company
has established a branch jofllco In Baker
City. It Is understood here that a Port
land bouse manufacture raining ma
chinery. Why doesn't Portland have "a
branch office here? There are a great
many properties not far from Baker City
that are practically ready for machinery.
An enterprising machinery house might
enable poor men to put in small mills, by
Investigating, and furnishing them on
easy terms where property is worthy.
Such b, method would be perfectly legit
imate, and also profitable to both parties
to the arrangement.
RICH PRAIIUU CITY DISTRICT.
TVolnlile Discoveries There This
Sprlnsr Record Unsurpassed.
PRAIRIE CITY. April 12. The last two
or three weeks has witnessed a great
rush of prospectors Into the hlUs around
Prairie City, and their luck has been ex
traordinary. Since the 1st of April the
following rich strikes have been made.
Sam Hays, formerly )f RosslaudA B.
C found a 10-foot vein of- fine milling
ore three miles ahove Prairie City. Values
In Secesh Gulch, four miles from Prairie
City. J. C. Myrtle, formerly of Spokane,
located a 25-foot ledge that pans $10 to $2S
In free gold.
Walter Flsk uncovered a 10-foot ledge
not far from Secesh Gulch. Ore brought
by him to Prairie City was literally shot
ted with gold, like the rich ore from the
old Virtue district.
John Hughes, formerly of Pendleton,
located two claims three miles from Prai
rie, having a ledge upwards of 15 feet of
free milling ore.
Miners have made locations 3000 feet
from Captain Sherbondy's Quartzburg
property, from which surface assays
show values of $62 15 gold and copper.
This record is perhaps unsurpassed In
any district In. Oregon during the same
Reorganization of the Little Giant.
GRANITE. Or., April 12. It Is reported
here that a reorganization of those Inter
ested in the Little Giant and Magnolia
mines has been effected, and will be
known as the Little Giant Mining Com.
pany. Limited. The Magnolia mill Is re
ducing 2S tons of ore per day, and It Is
said the results are satisfactory.
In the Golden Fleece tunnel work la be
ing pushed with great vigor, and it is
expected the ledge will be opened up be
fore long. The change In character of
rock through which the tunnel, Is belnj
driven indicates the near approach of the
ledge. Speaking of the Alberta, the
Granite Gem says;
'The Alberta, adjoining the townslte of
Granite on the north, will soon be among
the noted mines ot this district. This
group is owned by Neil Nlven. Grant
Thornburg and Oscar Benson. The tun
nel Is already In 230 feet, and a contract
has Just been let for 300 feet more. Th
ore assays something ver $10 per ton,
and there Is a CO-foot vein of it."
Boiler Opens the Ball.
Mr. Bailey Is down In Texas hollering
fire and waving the Constitution around
like an excited man flapping a dusty car
pet. The campaign has begun.
A RICH MINING CENTER
THE PROSPEROUS TOWN OF GRAX
ITE, IX EASTERX OREGOX.
Lighted by Electricity, Supplied "WHU
Pure Water by a Gravity System
of Water Works.
GRANITE, Or., April 9.-The name of
Granite Is so woven Into the history of
successful mining in Eastern Oregon that,
like the Red Soy mine, it is known by all
readers of mining literature in the West,
and largely in the East. Nearly a half
century ago a few of the pioneers who
crossed the plains Into the West In search
of gold bullded here a few log cabins.
Some of theao are still standing. land
marks of a decayed system of camp build
ing. In marked contrast is the new town
of Granite. Its upbuilding has been rapid
but substantial. Granite has a good grav
ity water sstem. which is to be Improved
at once by larger mains with extensions.
Grant Thornberg leaves for Portland to
day to purcharo the necessary supplies
for theio improvements.
W. J. Patterson started Sunday for
Portland and San Francisco to purchase'
an electric light plant, which is to be In
stalled this Spring. The plant Is to be ot
sufficient capacity to supply any mines ot
the district that may require such service.
Granite has several first-clan huslnesa es
tablishments, among the most thoroughly
equipped of which are the following:
Lindsay & Wade, general merchandise.
This Ann carries a $25,000 stock. Includ
ing dry "goods, clothing, groceries and
mining suppllos. They do a large retail
and Jobbing business in all these lines.
The Grand Is the leading hotel in Gran
ite It Is a three-story building, contain
ing 43 rooms. It Is headquarters for min
ers and commercial men, and Is under the
efficient management of J. R. N. Levens,
formerly of the Warshauer, of Baker City.
J. J. O'Dalr also carries a full line ot
general merchandise and miners' supplies,
and runs a delivery wagon several miles
Into the country This service is much ap
preciated by the miners.
The Granite Drug Company does the ex
clusive drug business of Granite and sur
rounding camps. Dr. Stelncamp (s man
ager, and has Just moved the stock Into
their new quarters.
Granite is a good field for 'Investment
In real estate. In the midst of one of the
best districts In the Mate, with a number
of producing mines and many promising
properties at her door. Granite is sure to
grow, and the Investor will get good re
turns from the money placed in Granite.
Lota are on sale In the business part o(
town at $250 to $500. and in the additions
at $50 to $300. There are two additions.
Schmltz addition, on tho north, and
Thornberg's,. on the south. Schmltz addi
tion 1 cm 'high ground, admirably situ
ated for residence lots. Prices from $50 to
Thornberg's addition Is on level ground,
near the river, and will he In demand
for residences, warehouses end various
business establishments, and will be con
venient to the depot when the HUgard
Granite road Is completed.
In addition to Granite's other enterprises
she has tw;o good weekly newspapers the
Gem, owned and edited by S. P. Shutt, and
the Bowlder, by J. Nat, Hudson, both of
whdhi aro old-time ,plonecr newspapers
men of Oregon, and are doing their sharo
to bring the resources ot this section be
fore the outside world.
3IIXB BfDED FOR $75,000.
Miners Are Bringing Their Clean-Ups
Into Grant's Pnss.
GRANTS PASS.'April 13 The Eureka
Mining Company, operating on the fam
ous "Denver City ledge, has bonded Its
-property for1 $75,000 to Ashland and Med
ford parties. Tho Montreal and Oregon
Gold Mines, Limited,' of Ashland, aro re
ported to be the principals.
T. J. Hussey brought In 30 ounces of the
finest dust seen In town this year. This
Is part of the clean-up of the Hussey &
McCracken mine on Grave Creek.
Claims Filed at Canyon City.
' CANYON CITY, April 12. Tho records
of Grant County show 174 quartz loca
tions filed during the month of March.
Indications are that April will far excel
GOVERNOR BRADY'S VIEWS.
"Why He Does Xot Favor an Election
or -neniovnl of Capital.
WASHINGTON, April 7. John O. Price,
of Skagway, who was elected by the Ju
neau convention as special delegate to.
Congress from Alaska, is reported as hav
ing stated at Seattle that Governor Brady
wan opposed to Alaska having a Repre
sentative In Congress. Also that Gover
nor Brady claimed that It would cost
$300,000 to hold an election, and that It
would be almost impossible to prevent
fraud. In addition to this. Mr. Price Is
rcportfd as having said that it was well
understood In Washington City that the
reason why Governor Brady is opposed to
the removal of the capital from Sitka to
Juneau was the fact that he had property
Interests In Sitka.
"I am not opposed to Alaska having a
Representative In Congress," Governor
Brady said today, "and I never have
stated It would cost any set sum of money
to hold an election. I am opposed to a
delegate being elected this year, because,
of tho fact that we have not got our
courts organized and are not In shape to
conduct an election properly, and with
fairness to tho people ot Alaska.
"I may have estimated the cost of hold,
lng an election In Alaska at upwards ot
$100,000, because I understand It will cqst
over $100,000 to conduct the census work
In the district of Alaska. With the large
number -of people who arc going to Cape
Nome, and other gold districts in Alaska,
It would be practically Impossible, with
such organization as we now have there,
to conduct an election without fraud. In
due time. Indeed next year, the people ot
Alaska will, no doubt, have an opportun
ltty to decide who shall be their delegate.
In a way that will Justly and honestly rep
resent, their choice.
"My reasons for opposing the removal
of the capital from Sitka to Juneau at
the present time arc, principally, because
of 'the large amount of property owned
there by the United States Government,
and the nature of the existing conditions
of Alaska, as regards the center of popu
lation, and also because Sitka Is centrally
located, and that, whether or not the cap
ital Is maintained there, the revenue fleet
and other Government vessels would nat
urally rendezvous at Sitka. As far aa my
property Interests there are concerned, 1
do not beltevo that they would be en
hanced by continuing the capital at that
point There is no city In the country that
has been Improved to an) degree by hav
ing the capital located in It.
"There Is Just as much reason to state
that the capital here In Washington
should be removed to New York as for
the statement that the capital should be
removed from Sitka to Juneau. New
York City does more business than Wash
ington City, and has more advantages In
the way of railroad connections.
"As Governor Qtr Alaska, I have some
duties to perform as the representative ot
the Government, Our Government, owns
a large amount of property at Sitka, and
It seems to me that It should utilize that
property. If it moves the capital to Ju
neau, new property would have to be
purchased, and. Indeed, tho very lot on
which It Is now proposed that the court
house would be located at Juneau Is in
ltlgatlon. Property rights' are very much
unsettled there. The place Is practically
under a mountain, and people reside
there only because they find It to their
Interests in conducting, their business ot
earning their daily brvad. 1 have been-
at Juneau, and have had property there.
but I have closed out my holdings,
"I believe .thatVSJtki is ithe -most cen-trar-
location, and -that the capital should
remain there, at least for the present.
There are many Indications that. Ketchi
kan, for Instance, will become the chief
city of Alaska. It has a great many re
sources .not possessed by other cities, and
it may outrun tnem ail in a very short
TO MARK ALASKA BOUNDARY.
Agitation of the Matter of Permits
for Cape Xome Dredging.
WASHINGTON, April, 8. During the
latter part of June a party yf. surveyors
and scientists, under the. direction ot the
Coast and Geodetic Survey, and being
personally in charge of Dr. Otto H. Tit
man. Assistant Superintendent, will visit
Alaska and establish tho boundary be
tween tho United States and Canada at
the White and Chllkoot Passes, and on
tho Dalton Trail, This work Is consid
ered of great Importance, because of tho
international friction that resulted during
the goldseeklng rush. ,"
Monuments will be placed- along the
boundary line, as agreed between the
(United States and England, thersame'be-'
lng for tho lmmedlato purpose of definite
ly marking tho boundary temporarily In
accordance with the agreement hereto
fore entered .Into. It Is expected that the
establishment or this boundary will pre
vent further disputes among miners, as
all will know, after the monuments shall
have been placed, which claims are under
the Jurisdiction of the Urjlted States and
which under Canadian laws and regula
tions. At tho White and Chllkoot Passes,
the boundary will be practically on the
top of the mountain ridge, and as now
The work of placing the monuments will
probably occupy two or three months.
Tho lssutng-of a couple ot permits' bytho
War Department to dredge on the shorei
In the lclnlty of Cape -Nome has caused
a. great deal of annoyance In the depart
ment here. Tho announcement thatthese
permits were granted resulted In a flobd.of
requests for additional permits. and,'the
upshot of the whole matter Is that the
War Department now Is Inclined to grant
further permits until congress snail nave,
acted. By an amendment to tho Alaskan
bill, it is proposed that tho miners them-'
selves shall adjust the rights and privi
leges of their fellow-miners, at least to
the low-water point on the beaoh. "While
this does not give satisfaction in cases
where parties desire to dredge below the
low-jwater point, the War Department
nevertheless has decided tnat. Inasmuch
as Congress has taken tho subject up. It
will refrain from further action,
"Furthermore." said a .department man
today, "the War Department may re
voke the permits already granted. It does
not consider -these permits exclusive, ex
cept, perhaps. In the caso of the two
original permits, which made no refer
ence to exclusive rights not being granted.
In the subsequent permits, and the num
ber issued Is very small.. It Is. stated that
the authority given Is not, to be consid
ered exclusive. The department retains
the right to issue further 'permits and
and duplicate permits galore.
"Wnen application was first made for
permits, It was decided that none would
be Issued, as the War Department, that
is tho Engineering Department, did not
consider the work of dredging for gold
would In any way Interfere with naviga
tion. For a time the whole subject was
dropped, and then those desirous of secur
ing dredging rights, came forward with
the statement that inhey did not re
ceive permits from the War Department,
they could be arrested for violation of the
law, then It was that the original permits
It is quite evident now, that the War
Department Is sorry that It acted at all.
but according to the law it-had authority
to grant dredging permits anywhere along
the coast of the United States, inaeca,
as the ODDlIchnt for tho. permits claimed,
It would have been unlawful "for them;
and they would have been subject t" ar
rest. In ense -they had been lnterferea
with by Government officers.
Formers Could "Xot Thrive But for
the Dltersled Plan..
PRINEVILLE. Or.. March 12. In an
swer, to The Oregonlan's Inquiry regard-
lng the raising of wheat In this countys
l win say tnat plowing tne iana
worth $1 75 per acre on lands, that are al-
rcadyunder cultivation: seed, per acre,.
$1 CO: sowing and harrowing In or grill
ing (of which little is done by us). 35 cents
per acre: cutting and binding. Including
twine, $1 25 per acre: shocking, 124 cents
per acre; hauling and stacking, 10 cents
per acre: threshing $1 per acre, to ma
chine, 10 hired men. Jit 41 DO par day each,
for each 400 "bushels, or 2.4 cents per
bushel; sacks, 8 cents, or 4 cents per
bushel; hauling to mill. 7 cents per bush
el. The average yield Is IS bushels pet
acre, which makes the actual cost ot
wheat to the farmer 4S cents per bushel.
Our fields are small and the average
amount threshed per "dfyy In a season
would not exceed 400 bushels.
The farmer sells his wheat to our mill
er, who Is our only -buyer, at. CO cents
for the jrars 1S9S and ISM, leaving a net
profit of K cents per bushel, or $2 IS for
the use of the land and necessary wear
and tear of farming Implements. We
count nothing on wheat-raising ,ln our
county as a matter 'of profit, 'simply
raising It for our bread and' .feeding chick
ens and making pork for our own use.
Were it not for diversified farming, we
could not make a living. .
Hay, Is the most Important, product ot
our county. The hay crop of 183S, alfalfa,
for feeding cattle and sheep, sold for $i
to $10 per ton on. the farms, and rye and
grass hay for $S and $S. "The alfalfa Is
cut from two to three times each year,
besides furnishing a profitable fall pas
ture of six weeks for hogs, cattle and
sheep. The yield per acre of alfalfa Is,
at the lowest calculation, six tons; the
maximum as high as nine tons. Oats and
barley are a good crop here, yielding
from 25 to CO bushels per acre and selling
at 40 cents to 75 cents per bushel.
We raise fine potatoes, fair corn, beans,
tomatoes and apples, and some -few lo
calities produce fine peaches. Our coun
try, best adapted to fruit and vegetable
culture lies along the Deschutes River.
S. J. NEWSOM.
A growing prdfesslon is -that of .engineer
ing chemistry. In- chemical enrlneerlnr.
The production on a commercial scaleof
new chemicals and, tie manufacture rQt
old substances by new processes, with the
improvement of old processes, more
and moro occupy the attention of intelli
gent capitalists. In Germany much money
Is made by manufacturing proprietary
drugs. Single firms employ hundreds of
chemists as pioneers In the discovery of
dyes, medicines, etc, that will give mo
nopolies. The manufacture of drugs of
this kind Is bound' to find development In
the United States, where much chemical
talent Is unemployed. There is no"1 reason
why chemical engineering should not glvo
our drug business a large expansion. The
London Times holes that the 'purification
of acetylene and its practical-applications'
engage much attention In 'Europe at pres
ent. "Installations ot this gas," rays the
Times, "have been erected -"In several
cases, as at Hawes and Filey, for lighting 4
consiceraDie areas, ana in uermany It is
coming Into use for-lighting railway sta
tions, while In the carriages of the Prus-
elan state railways It Is employed mixed
with oil gas. The number of places In the
world where carbide Is manufactured Is
now over 90, the Increase' being taper cent
during tho year."
Recently in-a lecture at Liverpool Pro
fessor Lunge., of Zurich, indicated what
is doing in on important Industrial field. I
At tor. Insisting.' says the. -Times, "on
The Crime of
Can motherhooS .be a crime under any circum
stances? Nature says, "yes." By the sight of
the thousand mothers living in daily suffering; by
the cries of the thousand children wailing- in daily
misery, motherhood can, be a crime against Nature.
Nature never permits , ignorance of her laws to
excuse guilt or mitigate punishment. The father
eats sour grapes and "the children's teeth are set on
edge." The mother enters on maternal duties she is
unfit to discharge and is punished in her own suffer
ing and the-weakness of her child. The greatest
endowment any mother can give her child is a sound
healthy body. Jvery mother owes her child that
body. It is a -bitter thing for the tender mother
heart to feel responsibility for the shipwreck of a
child's life, too weak to do battle with the gales
which sweep across life's sea. The mother cannot
give the child what she herself does not .possess.
The first step toward happy motherhood is health.
But how. can a
woman be healthy
at. will? Tet a
"I take pleasure in in
forming you of the birth
on May i8th'iSoa,"write
Mrs. L. E. Cord, of Wal
ton vilte. Pa.." Box as. "I
cannot find words suffi-.
ciently strong to express
to you ray thanks, for
my delivery was almost
.wfthout pain, and when
mv husband arrived with
the doctor the child was
already born. The
neighbors who "were
with me, and my- hus
band .and the doctor
could not believe their
eyes. Havinjf" suffered
so much before I never
believed myself abteto
be delivered of a livfnj
child. I tell everybody
this happy event "was
due to the help of Cud,
andpf your medicines.
Our hearts are full of
gratitude to you for your
medicines, which have
given us the happiness
of having a living child
of our own, after so
much suffering and dis
appointment. I recommend Doctor
Pierce's Favorite Pre
scription to all young
women who are in the
same condition that I
was in as one of the
best remedies in exist
ence. I have used eight
bottles and find myself
in perfect health. Ac
cept my best wishes for
your welfare to the end
ot your oayo."
In its substance- Mrs. Cor
ti's testimony to the value
and virtue "of. Dr. .Pierce's
Favorite Prescription is iden
tical "with that of thousands, of other
women who have been made well and
happy by this truly wonderful medicine.
'cases are exactly alike the details vary
general fact of suffering is always the same, fol
lowed by the geneial result of a complete cure by
the use of "Favorite Prescription.".
"WAS JUST WONDERFUL."
During- my two years of married life I hav; nob had good
health," writes JIa Daisy Studdard, of 60S Smth Esplanade
Avenue, Leavenworth, Kansas. "I was all run down, and my
husbanfl got me to write to Dr. Pierce and explain my case to
him and see if he could do me any good. So I wrote, and, thank
the Lord, I got an early reply telling me what the trouble was.
-1 commenced taking Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription and also
tie-'Pleasant Pellets,' and now can say that I feel like a nsw
In the )past year it has cost Dr. Pierce $25,000, exclusive of postage,
to supply the demands of those who accept his gift offer of a copy of the
"Medical Adviser" .FREE. This book contains 1008 large pages and over
700 illustrations, and is an authority on disease, hygiene, and reproductive
physiology. It is sent FREE, bound in paper covers, on receipt of 21
one-cent Stamps to pay expense of mailing ONLY. For cloth binding send
Address: DR. R. V. PIERCE, Buffalo, N. Y.
the necessity of a thorough command of
mathematical methods for the technical
chemist, he pointed out tho importance
of fuel and other sources of power to
chemical industries, and warned countries
whose industrial, mainstay Is at present
their wealth of coal against reckless wasto
such as "now occurs in small-power en
gines, blast furnaces and the faulty sys
tem of coke 'manufacture still practiced
In this country. Speaking of the alkali
Industries he remarked on the crisis which
the sulphuric add manufacturer has to I
face m the ncwpatents of the Badlsche
Anllln and Sodafabrlk, whereby this acid
Is obtained by the catalytic action of plat
inized asbestos on sulphur dioxide. For
tho production ot strong acid this process
has overwhelming advantages, though for
the weaker ..grades the old lead-chamber
method Is as cheap. Professor Lunge be
lieves that In the future the world's sup
ply ot alkali will be provided by the am
monia soda and the electrolytic works,
while all the bleaching powder and other
chlorine- products- will be manufactured
Bevrare the Bullyl
But he didn't care who and he didn't cars
Just J hs was under dze. ,
Tfcea the bis boy cried. "A blp chief am X,
I was born to bang and to clvlllie.
And yet sometlmeii I, la myjirlie I e'.fh,
For something about my size."
Then the good Sch'colmarter he reached a hand
'And across hl.i knee he did flop crcsewlK
That bullr, and raise Irf his good rlcht hand
A board of considerable size.
And the good Schoolmaster he smote that chief.
He nnote both hips and h snote both thlkfcs;
And" he raid ax he sisate. "It Is my belief
ThU board Is about your sze."
Beware the bully, of tain words beware.
Ills-triangular lipu an a nest of Ilea.
For be neer did dare and he never will dare.
To bang a boy of his size.
U. a. Lathrop In San Francisco Call.
.Vor Had He.
Toung Freshlte (abruptly) How old aro
you. Miss Winters? -
Miss Winters-Old enough to know that A
you haven't reached tho age of discretion. J
r 1 iiMMliilil
1 M iWs&sSmEW&feia
1 i sBsBfis3svft'5&9KMHS5S"Si s
vnnvn AfTw imiiMni w'.th nlcht
fulness, aversion to society, which deprive you of your manhood. UNFITS YOU
FOR BUSINESS OR MARRIAGE. ... ,. , ,
MIDDLE-AGED MEN who Irom excesses and strains bavo lost their MANLT
, BLOOD AND SKIN DISEASES. Syphilis, Gonorrhoea, painful, bloody urine.
Gleet. Stricture, enlarged prostate. Sexual Debility, Varicocele, Hydrocele, Kidney
and Liver troubles, cured WITHOUT MERCURY AND OTHER POISONOUS
DRUGS Catarrh and Rheumatism CUItED.
Dr. Walker's method aro regul.ir and scientific tie uses no patent nostrums
or ready-made prepirations. but cures tho disease by thorough medical treatment.
His New Pamphlet on Private Diseases sent Freo to all men who describe their
trouble. PATIENTS cured at home. Terms reasonable. All letters answered la
plain envelop-" Consultation fre and sacredly confldcntlil. Call on or address
Doctor Walker, 132 First St., Corner Alder, Portland, Or.
Hay Fever, Bron
and all Diseases
ot the Throat and
Cloods of Medicated Vapor are Inhaled
throszh tbe mocth and emitted from tho nos
trils, cleaning and vtporlzln; all the lnSaxed
and diseased parts which oannot be reached hy
medicine taken into the stomach.
Jl rraaV the tore tpotiIt heal th rao
ptatItpoatottu!ieatrfttseascIl ccx ex
a balm and tonic to the whole tyxtemilxoat
drvnoiJts or tent by mail. ISQS ArxhUU, PAttev
woman, and can say also that ws have a big baby, four months
old. When I was confined it was just wonderful how I got
along, and now I do all my own wotfc and do not feci tired out
like I used to. I have taken eight bottles of the 'Favorite Pre
scription.' It makes me feel "well and strong.''
Nothing else could speak so emphatically in
praise of Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription, as
do these testimonials of weak women made
strong and sick women made well. It seems
to some women well nigh miraculous, that after
years of suffering, and the failure of all medi
cines and doctors to give relief, they find a per
fect and permanent cure in "Favorite Prescrip
tion." But from the medical standpoint the
wonder would be if "Favorite Prescription"
failed to cure. It is made to cure as a sewing
machine is made- to sew, and, it does perfectly
what it was made to do. It is not a "cure
all." It is a medicine specially prepared to cure the
ailments peculiar to woman. It regulates the peri
"ods, dries unhealthy drains, heals inflam
mation and ulceration and cures female
weakness. It invigorates the womanly
organs, increases womanly vigor and
strengthens the nerves. Thus with those
who use "Fayorite Prescription," the pre
natal period is passed in peace and comfort,
the birth -hour passes with scarcely any
pain, and the mother is made happy by
having a bright, healthy baby,
and being abundantly able .to
nourish it herseli.
Why Step SfcfirP
Women suffering from disease
in its extreme or chronic form are
invited to consult
Dr. Pierce by let
ter, absolutely with
- out charge or fee.
is strictly private
and sacredly confi
Dr. R. V. Pierce,
Buffalo, N. Y.
Do not confound
Dr. Pierce's offer
of free consulta
tion by letter with
the offer o? "free
made by those in
capable of giving
medical advice, be
cause they are not
Whenever an offer
of "medical advice"
is made by man or
woman, see first if
the offer is made
by a qualified and
cian, before you
risk your health
and waste your
money. In any case there is no other offer
of free consultation which has behind it a
specialist in diseases of women, such as is Dr.
R. V. Pierce, chief consulting physician to the
Invalids" Hotel and Surgical Institute, Buffalo,
N. Y., who, assisted by his staff of nearly a 5core
of competent physicians, has, in the past thirty
years and over, treated and cured more than
half a million women. Write to the doctor.
There is no alcohol in "Favorite Prescrip
tion" and it contains no opium, cocaine or other
narcotic It is a temperance medicine.
TWENTY YEARS OF SUCCESS
In tho treatment of chronic diseases, such as liver,
kidney and Ktomnch disorders, constipation, diarrhoea,
dropsical swellings. Ilright's d'sca&e. etc
KIDNEY AND URINARY
Complaints, painful, dinicuit. too frtquent. milky ot
bloody urine, unnatural discharges speedily cured.
DISEASES OF THE RECTUM
Such as piles. lis tula. Unsure, ulceration, mucous and
bloody discharges, cured without the knife, pain or
DISEASES Of MEN
Blood poison, glet. atriclurc. unnatural losses, la
potency, thorougnly cured. No failures. Cures guar-an'ped.
emissions, dreams, exhausting drains, bash-
Original eft) OnifOmnlrir.
9 Arc. tlvavt rtiiftU. utoits tfc ff
Drcclt far CkidUcr EeU Dio &X
t rml la Vn! ui Coll douHIcVV ffif
laaother. Xtf4 tswrv rjl tun. r
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la itE? br u.tlttui, tttrtlauiuii tal
Bold bx oa Locl DnuUU. 111L.V13A f2
MLCox TflBSY PILLS
For Si years Hie oclj- saft an I rellatifo
Relieves witMu 3 c1at. At drop?!:.
, or by mail. Price.;. Knd-cc. for
lcat Co., SSI K. Ut-'i St., 1'lillA., Pa.
fiP.-.n FOR FREE THfAL I10TTL.K.
Uti. TAJTi lillUo. UCA. tu, 1UJ H 1X3U1.
-. .T-K liTt
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