The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, April 08, 1900, Page 6, Image 6

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Entered at the PoatcHce at Portland. Oregon,
u second-class matter.
Editorial I Business OOee..
By Mall (postage prepaid). In Advance
Dally, with Sunday, per month... ...fO 85
Sally. Sunday excepted, per year ..... 7 60
Daily, with Sunday, per year........... 9 CO
Eunday, per year .......- 2 00
The Weekly, per year .... 1 50
The Weekly. 3 months. ..... ...--.- B0
To City Subscribers
Sally, per week, delivered. Sundays exoepted,15o
Dally per week, delivered. Sundays lacludedOa
The Oregcnlsn does not buy poems or stories
from Individuals, and cannot undertake to re
turn any manuscripts sent to it without solicita
tion. No stamps should be inclosed for this
Puget Sound Dureau Captain A. Thompson,
elflee at 1111 Pacific avenue. Tacoma. Box Ki.
Tscoma psstcrace.
Eastern Business Office The TTibuns build
tat New Tork city: "The Jtookery." Chicago;
the S. C. Beckwith ipertrl agency. New Tork.
For sale in Ean Francisco by J. K. Cooper.
1U Market street, near the Palace hotel, and
at Goldsmith Bras., 236 Sutter street.
For sale In Chicago by the P. O. News Co
217 Dearborn street.
TODAY'S WEATHER. Fair: probably frost
early Sunday morning; warmer Sunday after
ebb In religious feeling, but, perhaps,
a better understanding; of religious
duty. Not all change Is growth, but In
this view the less formal observance
of Lent as compared with former years
may be accounted a distinct gain to
humanity. In other words, if the Len
ten spirit of duty and self-sacriflce sur
vives and grows, the Lenten observ
ances of fasting and mock humility
may be dispensed with, not only with
out loss, but to the decided gafn of humanity.
arms to defend the Empire, they can
see what the other kind of policy does.
Into one category or another Puerto
Rico mar some day fall.
PINES. Mr. Bryan, In his Portland speech.
Bald:. "I challenge The Oregonlan to
state what It wants to do with the
Philippines. No Republican statesman
has a plan; no Republican editor has
"c plan."
The Oregonlan Is not posing on any
"pedestal of statesmanship, and it isn't
necessary that it Should have a plan.
Nevertheless, it has often expressed
very positive opinions on this sub
ject It has set forth, with as forcible
language as It could command though
It will admit with less volubility than
Mr. Bryan the policy which it thinks
ought to be pursued towards the Phil
ippine Islands. "Were Mr. Bryan a res
ident of any state of the Pacific North-
west, he could not have failed to see
what The Oregonlan has said on this
Interesting subject
As first thing. The Oregonlan has
urged that all military resistance In the
Islands to the authority of the United
States must be put down. That result,
apparently, has been almost or quite
accomplished. Only trifling resistance
through guerrilla warfare Is continued.
Military rule should be maintained by
the United States till order Is fully re
stored; then as rapidly as possible it
should give way to organization of civil
government But as the masses of the
people are Incapable of self-government,
the number who can participate
In political affairs at first will be small.
This number may be gradually in
creased, as fitness for such partlcl
. pation shall be demonstrated. The suf
frage, we have found out, should not
be given indiscriminately to men of
Inferior races; end we have the author
itative action of Sir. Bryan's party in
a dozen of our states for exclusion from
suffrage of persons deemed unfit for It
In some of those states the numbers
excluded are a majority. So -we take It
that Mr. Bryan's party cannot complain
"if the suffrage in the Philippines should
be restricted to the intelligent minor
ity, and that there can really be no
ground of difference between that party
and ourselves on the doctrine of "con
sent of the governed."
Peace and order may be expected to
follow or attend the organization of a
Just system of government and the im
partial administration of justice. But to
'guard against outbreaks, from which it
is not to be expected that the islands for
a considerable time yet will be wholly
free, and to punish such outbreaks
when they occur, it will be necessary
to keep a military and naval force of
some magnitude In the Islands! Protec
tion Is to be assured to life, to industry
and to property; and to attach the
people to us, through their Interest un
restricted trade should be established
between the Islands and the United
States, Just as soon as the military con
ditions will allow it If we refuse to
ho this we shall have ceaseless trouble
with the islands, and would better re
call our men and ships, with least pos
sible delay.
To assert that we have no right to
hold the people of the Islands as "sub
jects" Is merely to play with words.
"We are all subjects subjects of Na
tional authority, subjects of the gov
ernmental system of the United States.
"We do not even permit a state with
all Its authority, or a group of states In
combination, to deny this subjection, as
a dozen of them learned a few decades
ago. As for the sovereignty of the,
United States over the Philippines, It
Is as clear, under the treaty of Paris,
which was ratified by the Senate of the
United States through the assistance of
Mr. Bryan, as it is over Louisiana or
It Is not denied that the problem of
the Philippines presents many difficul
ties; but they are difficulties with which
practical Judgment can cope, and which
it should expect to solve. The difficul
ties urged by Mr. Bryan are of a kind
the Imagination revels in, through exu
berance of speech or general looseness
of words. If liberty were really in dan
ger every time men of Mr. Bryan's tem
perament and vocation try to play on
its supposed susceptibilities or alarms,
its state would be sad enough. But
who believes that liberty and Justice
will be slain by tho United States In
r the Philippine Islands, or that Tagal
domination would be better for civili
zation and freedom there? And who
believes that our own liberty Is In dan
ger, our own system of Republican
Government In peril, through their fur
ther extension, even over seas, under
the flag of the United States? Who.
In short fears the bugbear of "Imperi
alism"? Tut! ''TIs a stupid bogy; a
dull alarum-bell!
Love of country Is one of the most
sacred emotions, one of the most ab
sorbing purposes. It nerves the father
to forsake his little ones, the fond hus
band to leave his brldo at the altar. It
steels the soft heart of mother, wife
and sweetheart, who bind their war
rior's sash In tears but yet In pride and
Joy. It sweetens the pangs of defeat
It makes names like Thermopylae and
Marathon an inspiration of nobility and
heroism to all time. It sanctifies be
reavement and makes of agonies and
afflictions a hallowed memory. To be
tray and pervert this pure Impulse is
to sound the depths of baseness; and
there Is little hope for the man in whom
an appeal to patriotism awakens no
Bryan in 1S9G and Bryan in 1900 are
two very different things. Four years
have seen evolution at work in Its ac
customed methods upon his political
creed. Once a hodge-podge of discon
nected tenets, its parts are correlated,
systematized, integrated. A system
has grown up, a central thought runs
through all. On this backbone of doc
trine, 'everything else Is hung, from it
everything else radiates, to it every
thing else comes back. Nobody can
say of Bryan this year that there Is
no method in his madness. He has a
well-considered, consistent appeal, and
he makes it with adroitness.
The central thought of Bryanlsm in
1900, the keynote of the system he puts
before his hearers, is that "Money is the
Master, and Man the Slave." Consid
erations of moral Justice and economic
truth he ignores. As to trusts, he is
not concerned that their special tariff
privileges or stock-Jobbing abuses be
done away with. His idea is. Let us.
get at these accumulations of capital
anvhow at all. but somehow. As to
Puerto Rico, he has no word for Justice
to the people there, or the desira
bility of wise polices for our own
welfare and self-respect There is
not a word In. Bryan's speeches nbont
Justice to Puerto Hico for the snfce
of Justice, or the abolition of tariff
abuses for the sake of Justice, or the
reform of the Army for the sake of
Justice, or the perfection of our
money system by vrlmt is right nnil
Just, or the correction of our tarlft
or taxation systems by what 4s right
and Just
Fight the trusts why? Because
money is the master and man the
slave! Fight the gold standard why?
Because money is the master and man
the slave! Fight the retention of the
Philippines why? Because the Money
Power wants them, and money Is the
master and man the slave. Everything
that Money wants, a larger Army, a
tariff against Puerto Rico, expansion
of the National domain, we must re
sist, not because It may be wrong or
unjust or unadvlsable, but because
Mcney wants It
The evil genius of humanity, accord
ing to Bryan, the one thing that must
bo humbled and dragged down, is
Money and when he says Money he
means Property. I ask you, says Bryan,
to follow me to the attack of The Man
That Has. I claim as my army of no
bility, pledged to right all the wrongs
of humanity. The Man That Has Not
There Is prosperity, Is there? Well,
you take the rich and the prosperous,
and give me as my share every man
that has failed, every man that Is dis
contented, every man that thinks he
hasn't quite got his share. There la
money, but it shall be dispersed. There
is wealth, but it shall soon be stripped
from its possessors. There Is property,
but the protection the law throws
around it shall soon be thrown down.
There you have Bryanlsm In the form
that four years of development have
given to It It Is the spirit that men
aces 'established order all over Europe
today. It Is the spirit that gave Paris
Us commune. Homestead Its "horrors,
Chicago its riots. It may not seem for
midable today, but formidable it may
easily become the next time that panic
strikes us and hunger and want take
the place of prosperity and employ
These studied appeals to Ignorance
and discontent discover an abysm of
baseness which may well cause the In
telligent patriot to shudder and draw
bock. It is a serious responsibility for
any man to encourage the new Bryan
lsm by any act or word, positive or
passive. Will not those who are tempt
ed to do so think twice before they
commit themselves? It is a question
every man must ask himself. It is a
responsibility impossible to evade, and
In its ultimate consequences Of appall
ing possibilities. The man who lends
his encouragement today to these dan
gerous doctrines, and by his example
leads less enlightened minds to believe
them true, may be sowing the wind
which his children shall reap In whirl
winds of conflagrations and rapine and
rivers of blood.
The only place to teach and preach this
sort of moral self-denial Is in Utopia.
To put it Into a statute Is as absurd
as it would be to pass a statute to make
a lazy man energetic or an extrava
gant man' economical.
There has been some discussion in
Eastern cities as to whether Lent has
not been observed this year less gen
erally than usual. It Is cited affirma
tively that while society has not In
dulged in big formal balls during the
Lenten season. It has amused Itself
with numberless "Informal" dances and
other amusements quite inconsistent
with the Lenten purpose and spirit A
theatrical manager of New "York is
quoted as having said that Lent was
gradually losing Its terrors for his busi
ness, and that practically there were
but two days In Lent now Ash
Wednesday and Good Friday Instead
of forty. This, if true. Indicates noth
ing more serious or unusual than a
change in the observances of religious
duty correlative with a change In views
on religion. The abandonment of Len
ten observances does not Indicate an A present rush of the British colonies to
In the House of Representatives Fri
day they were discussing the question
whether Hawaii should have a repre
sentative in Congress, entitled to a vote
as well as a seat on the floor. The idea
seemed popular with the House, and
the few members who ventured to op
pose it Incurred general derision. At
this point the report proceeds:
"Wa are a. popular representative Govern
ment essentially," replied Hltt. "and a. repub
lic does not need to take lemons from mon
archies In tho application of our systems."
(Great applause on both, sides ct the House.)
But think again. Mr. Hltt Hawaii
Is not the only question before Con
gress. A good many people are Inter
ested In the subject of Justice to Puerto
Rico. The Republicans In Congress, all
but a select few of them, want to tax
her products, but the people to a man,
except a few politicians and their im-
mediate dependents, want her to have
free access to our ports to sell and free
access to our markets to buy. Is there
any monarchy from which we could
take a lesson in this matter? Tes, it lo
even said that Spain was more liberal
to Puerto Rico In the matter of trad
than we propose to be.
Mr. Hltt and his colleagues can study
to advantage the economic policy Eng
land has learned through hard experi
ence to apply to her dependencies. If
they will recall the American Revolu
tion, they can see what one kind ol
policy does. If they will recall ihe
The letter of Dr. Ray Palmer, printed
elsewhere, accuses The Oregonlan of
being the enemy of all law, because it
discredits the wisdom of the .prohibi
tory liquor law, a law which is discred
ited by its own record. The letter is
Illogical, when It confuses intemper
ance, which is a vice, with theft and
murder, which are crimes by common
consent of civilized society. Laws
which appeal to the widest human self
interest for the protection of the rights
of life, liberty ajid property never be
come obsolete, and are fairly efficient
but sumptuary laws, which have at
tempted to prescribe what "ye shall eat
or what ye shall drink, or wherewithal
ye shall be clothed." are a survival of
medievalism. They have failed even
under despotic governments, and are
sura to carry their own death In their
clothes under a free government. The
letter of Dr. Palmer Is, of course. Illogi
cal, for the Prohibitionist cause Is In
capable of logical defense, and his ar
gument becomes hysterical In spots
when he pleads for the salvation
through statute of tho drinkers
through the legal prohibition of the sa
loon. An open saloon Is not an Ideal
place of resort, but a covert .saloon,
such as exists In every prohibition
state. Is far worse. The liquor Is al
ways viler; the covert saloon Is less
exposed to personal observation and
the Influence of public restraint
The prohibitory law utterly falls, be
cause there is no such thing as vicari
ous salvation for the inebriate in this
world. He can be sobered, put on his
moral feet of restored health and will,
nerves and stomach, and then whether
he "stays put" lies entirely with his
own volition. On him alone rests the
responsibility for his fate, not on 'the
saloon. If you cannot thorn a man's
moral pride and sense of self-respect
Into a mood of self-accusation, self
reproach and sincere spiritual shame,
you need not expect any permanent
reformation, whether the saloon Is con
spicuously lts presence or Is entirely
absent for such a man is Incapable of
aggressive determination to reform
himself. He must be turned over to a
doctor and the hospital. He is a dan
gerous subject -for the sentimental
treatment of sympathetic tears, which
are the worst possible tonic for a man
who stands in deep need of reform. The
prohibition evangelist should place the
reproach and responsibility for the in
temperate squarely where It belongs,
not upon the saloon, but upon those
whose thirst and self-indulgence are
the seed of the saloon; the sunshine
and the rain under which Its plant
buds and blooms' luxuriantly.
Prohibition Is an attempt on the part
of a .majority not only to punish men
for violations of peace and order, but
to make morals for the minority, an
effort that does not help morals and
emasculates law. The evil of Intemper
ance Is undeniable, but prohibition as
a remedy Is as Instinct with stupidity
as it would be to prohibit noisome pov
erty, an evil which exists where the
drink habit is almost unknown, but
where assassination is common. Prohi
bition is no more a principle- than high
license Is. It is merely a means to a de
sirable end, to be Judged by Its results
as coldly as high license or local option.
Does the history of prohibition, where.
In the extreme East, it has existed
nearly fifty years, warrant the conclu
sion that It Is a salutary, morally remu
nerative means to the end of increased
public, sobriety? Massachusetts tried
It and dropped it; Iowa tried it and
dropped Jt It Is clearly a slowly dying
cause. The American people drink fat
less than they did forty years ago, but
they continue to disbelieve In prohibi
tion. They consider it a very perni
cious method of temperance legislation
that works Infinite harm In Its applica
tion, without doing any good. Never
theless, it is made the eleventh com
mandment by Dr. Palmer, who evident
ly thinks it was one of the mistakes of
Moses that It was not Included In the
Society cannot save any one of our
boys from himself by a statute which
seeks to make It impossible for him to
sin. If our boys are not free moral
agents, responsible for their actions,
they are proper subjects of medical
care and restraint Our boys, who can
not be reformed by the repulsive object
lessons of intemperance, by the exam
ple of self-control we call temperance,
are as hopeless as those intemperate
illustrations of Insane acquisitiveness
called misers, swindlers and thieves. If
a man la deaf to the appeal of family
affection, reason, religion, self-interest
and medical warning, he cannot b
saved by statute, for such a creature
must cither go to the hospital, the In
sane asylum or the churchyard. A man
who cannot see a liquor saloon without
drinking himself Into Intoxication is
hopeless of reform If there were no rum
shops. He Is like a man who cannot
be honest except when there Is noth
ing to steal In sight; an Incurable, in
corrigible thief. If the retribution
physical and mental suffering brings
upon a man will not reform him; if all
the force of moral appeal to his affec
tion, his pride, his self-interest will not
rule him down to self-restraint, no stat
ute will secure his sobriety and his sal
vation. Society cannot stamp out
moral suicide by statute; It can teach
and preach sobriety, and It can punish
In order to protect its peace, but it can
not in wisdom subject the wise and de
cent to disabilities for the acts of the
unwise and indecent; it cannot punish
the sane for the Insane, the well for
the sick, the strong for the weak, the
rich for the poor. We can exhort the
world to self-denial for the sake of
others, but you cannot extort self-sacri
flce by statute. Society provides a
train of ambulances to pick up those
who fall by the wayside sick and
wounded in the struggle of life, and "to
carry them to transient or permanent
hospitals, or prisons, but society is not
silly enough to reduce Its diet down to
that of a dyspeptic and Its drink down
to the limitations of a drunkard; soci
ety will legislate for the living rather
than the dying and dead.
The law is not a philanthropist or
evangelist of sentimental paternalism.
It Is nothing-but a switch for the back
and stocks for the feet of those upon
whom society has exhausted the tonic
powers of religious and secular educa
tion. The doctrine that any man should
be expected under law or outside of
law to abandon his own freedom of
choice as to diet and drink because
somebody has with his dirty fingers
that pollute everything they touch
made it unhealthful. Indecent and Im
pure Is a proposition worthy of the
fantastic philosophies of Laputa.
The warning recently uttered by City
Physician Wheeler concerning the wis
dom of vaccination ought to be heeded.
To the general practice of vaccination
the states east of Ohio and north of
the Potomac owe their remarkable ex
emption from smallpox this year. Ac
cording to the figures in the latest num
ber of the "Public Health Reports,"
only seven cases have occurred In Mas
sachusetts since December 24, 1S99. and
in New York only eleven cases for the
same period. New Jersey has had only
one case and Pennsylvania only fifteen
cases since December 17, 1S99, while
for the same period 'In 1S98 and 1899
Pennsylvania had 84 cases. These facts
are a conspicuous tribute to the effi
ciency of vaccination as a preventive
and to the careful enforcement of rules
by the boards of health. The states
that have suffered the worst from
smallpox are Kansas, Minnesota, Ken
tucky, Tennessee, Louisiana, Arkansas
and Texas. The prevalence of the dis
ease through all that region is due
largely to the neglect of vaccination In
recent years. Warnings of the result
were given In 1899, when. In Nebraska
especially, smallpox became epidemic.
The warning was not heeded, and the
consequence has been a more wide
spread epidemic this year.
A recent medical report to the Surgeon-General
of the United States from
Luzon says that smallpox Is common
in all the towns among the natives,
and they should be vaccinated. The
disease flourishes in some parts of Lu
zon constantly. Half of the natives in
the country districts are pitted with it,
and mothers try to get their children
infected with it, under the belief that
It is less dangerous to the young. The
situation In Luzon Is what may always
be expected among an Ignorant and su
perstitious people. Fifty years ago the
French Canadian population of the
country villages of what was then
called "Lower Canada," but is now the
Province of Quebec, were nearly half
of .them marked with the smallpox.
So common was the disease that every
family expected to be Invaded by the
smallpox. Just as mothers today ex
pect that their children are likely to
have measles and whooping cough. In
those days a doctor was seldom called.
The smallpox victim was cared for by
his own family, and, of course, the
whole family generally caught the dis
ease. This Is the situation that makes
the smallpox become epidemic among
the Ignorant "poor whites" and negro
population of the South and Southwest
No greater curse can afflict any com
munity than the presence of anti-vaccination
quacks, who persuade many
persons old enough to know better to
remain without vaccination. In Ger
many vaccination is made compulsory
by law, not only In the German Army,
but among the whole people. In most
of the cities and large towns of the
New England States and the Middle
States vaccination is performed at the
public expense upon those who cannot
afford to pay for it, and the Boards
of Health In all the great cities vac
cinate everybody at the public expense
who will consent on that condition.
is no duty on the Jute in Its raw state,
but a kindly Government levies a tariff
of about $250,000 on the bags and bur
laps which are brought-into San Fran
cisco and Portland every year, and "the
farmer pays the freight" also the
tariff. The Post-Intelligencer states
that Jute is only one item pf a long
list and "all that these peoples have
to sell will be brought to us by the line
of least cost and enormous exports
will be sent back to supply the wants of
whose existence they are only begin
ning to learn."
Having made this Important discov
ery, it is to be hoped that our neighbor
on the north will Join In a demand that
these imports of which we stand so
much in need be actually brought to
us "by the line of least cost" The
latest cargo of Jute bags and burlaps to
arrive at Portland cost the farmers of
Oregon and Washington 245,000 In du
ties, and there is a cargo due here next
month, pn which the farmers will be
compelled to pay fully 250,000 in duties.
Sugar and coffee, also spices, fruit and
a thousand other necessities and luxu
ries of life, we need the Importation
of which would be Increased many fold
If the iniquitous tariff embargo was
lifted. An Increase in these Imports,
duty free, would bring many of them
within the reach of poor people, who
cannot now afford them. It would also
prove a double blessing for the farmer
in providing him with cheaper grain
bags, coffee, sugar, etc., and at the
same time giving him a lower freight
rate to these new markets for his
wheat the tariff embargo at present
forcing steamers to enter our ports
with hardly enough cargo to ballast
them. This, of course, necessitates a
double charge for the full freight which
Is carried outward. There is consider
able that may yet be learned regarding
trade with the far East, and, now that
the Post-Intelligencer has taken an In
terest in the subject, it should continue
Its researches until It learns as much
about the business as was known by
Portland and San Francisco merchants
twenty years ago.
Moreau was a well-educated man, of
clean personal life, because Napoleon
saw. that Moreau, while an admirable
soldier, was Incapable of forming and
leading a political or military conspir
acy; he was only a Jealous man who
was sure to become the political dupe of
cheap politicians, and then Napoleon
promptly banished him.
In American politics the proneness of
the military hero to become the dupe
or victim of politicians was shown by
General Scott when he consented to
drive the hearse at the funeral of the
Whig party; by General Sherman when
he furnished Secretary Stanton with a
chance to disparage him; by General
Grant when he was duped by selfish
politicians Into believing that the peo
ple wanted him for a third term; and
finally by Admiral Dewey. General
Jackson, who was not a professional
soldier, but a famous Indian fighter, a
man who was an ardent, cunning poli
tician, both before and after he was a
soldier, was never a dupe of politicians,
for he had belonged to that class him
self too many years to be imposed
upon. But as a rule military heroe3
like Dewey are quite likely to be the
dupes of politicians, and so are philan
thropists, like Horace Greeley.'
"Westminster Abbey"-ing.
-Washington !rv-
Special agents of the Government are
reported to be quietly Investigating
some of the recent timber-land trans
actions rn Oregon and Washington,
and some sensational developments
may result Some very fine timber as
we'll as agricultural land has been
transferred by Individuals to big syndi
cates at ridiculously low figures, so low.
In fact that they present very strong
evidence of collusion, which has result
ed in depriving bona fide settlers of a
large area of good land. For a nomi
nal consideration many men have been
Induced to take up timber land or pre
emption claims, and, through the aid
and testimony of other men In the same
line of "business," have secured title to
these lands without much difficulty. No
sooner has the title been secured than
the land was immediately turned over
to the agents of some of the numerous
land syndicates which have been oper
ating in the Northwest and it immedi
ately passes out of the reach of the
actual settler, whom the Government
intended to aid by its liberal land laws.
In the early days of the country,
when good farming land without any
or with but a moderate growth of tim
ber was plentiful, but little attention
was paid to much of the rich land
which was crowned with a heavy
growth of timber. Now, "with the grow
lng scarcity of farming land which Is
not timbered, and the Increasing value
of the timber on which Is cov
ered with forests, there Is more of an
Incentive for the settler to clear heavily
timbered land and realize on the logs,
piles and cordwood. The commercial
valuo of these commodities is con
stantly Increasing, and all of the emol
uments attendant on making a. farm or
a field where the forest grew rightfully
belong to the actual settlers, .and not
to the big syndicates and their hire
lings, who swear away their rights for
a very small mess of pottage.
important discoveries op fa
miliar FACTS.
The Seattle Post-Intelligencer has
made the astounding discovery that
"the trade which the Pacific Coast ex
pects as a consequence of trade de
velopment with the Orient does not all
of It have to bo created." A close
study of the question from a Seattle
standpoint has led that paper to believe
that there Is "trade which has hereto
fore taken another route, and is now
about to be diverted to the trans-Pacific
line and to enter the United States
at Seattle Instead of at New York
City." The provincial line of reasoning
which would suggest but two ports in
the New World where the products of
the Orient could enter Is certainly char
acteristic of the source from which It
comes. Jute is the article chosen by
the Seattle oracle as a text for Its ser
mon on the greatness of the prospective
business with the Orient, and the Post
Intelllgencer finds that the market for
the manufactured article Is "principally
among the farmers who cultivate the
great wheat fields of the Middle and
Western States." This discovery was
made by Portland and San Francisco
merchants about a quarter of a century
ago, and, strange as it may seem to
the Seattle oracle, all of the farmers
who cultivate the great wheat fields
west of the Rocky Mountains have
been in the habit of obtaining their
supplies from these two seaports, and
not by way of New York City. There
Admiral Dewey Is the most recent il
lustration of the fact that famous sol
diers and naval heroes are not seldom
easy dupes of designing men, who
could not possibly fight a ship or set a
squadron in the field. Indeed, outside
of the very first rank of great military
commanders, like Alexander, Caesar,
Hannibal, Gustavus of Sweden, Crom
well, Frederick of Prussia and Napo
leon, famous military and naval lead
ers ore generally not only not conspic
uous ro r political sagacity, but are
readily Imposed upon by professional
politicians through their frankness,
credulity, vanity and simplicity of
character. There Is nothing unexpected
In this; it would be surprising were it
otherwise, in the case of a professional
soldier or sailor, who, entering the
Army or Navy In boyhood, spends all
his life until retirement in an atmos
phere to which a professional politician
Is sure to be a stranger. A professional
soldier or sailor lives In a world where
the supreme virtues are courage, obe
dience, truthfulness and honor. A sol
dier or sailor in command does not
solicit obedience; does not persuade,
tolerates no debate. He Is within his
sphere of duty, small or large, an ab
solute despot who exhibits and exacts
obedience, courage, veracity and honor.
Given forty years of this kind of life
and Its result is generally a very fine
type of manhood, but a very poor poli
tician. A good soldier or naval com
mander at 60 would presumptively be a
frank, brave, truthful, energetic, hon
orable man, but he would probably be
credulous, sensitive. Impatient of con
tradiction or opposition, with personal
vanity enough to enjoy the praise and
admiration of his fellows when grace
fully expressed, without degenerating
into gross and Ill-timed adulation.
It does not Impeach the general Intel
lectual power of an eminent soldier or
sailor that he not seldom becomes the
dupe of the arts and craft of profes
sional politicians, for the military or
naval hero is utterly out of his native
element, while the politician, working
in his own atmosphere of intrigue, in
veracity and duplicity, sees his advan
tage and pursues until he "buncoes"
the hero out of his best Judgment, uses
him for his translent'or permanent ad
vantage, or abuses and betrays him for
the same purpose. Thackeray's picture
In "Henry Esmond" of Major-General
Webb, the victor of Wyendael, sets
forth admirably the virtues and the
weakness of the military hero whose
transparent honesty, veracity, effusive
ness, frankness, artless vanity and
credulity make him an easy mark for
a tribe of cold-blooded politicians and
The greatest naval commander of
history. Admiral Nelson, on shore was
as much a woman's fool as Antony;
and he was so utterly lacking In politi
cal sagacity and calm forethought that
ho was always In a quarrel with the
Admiralty; his bump of self-esteem
was so grossly manifested In conver
sation with statesmen that nothing but
the memory of his great deeds re
strained them from manifestations of
open contempt for him as a senseless
braggart Wolfe, who lost his life in
victory at Quebec, had the same qual
ity of vanity and boastful arrogance In
his speech to such an extent that the
great war minister, William Pitt ex
claimed in accents of disgust and de
spair: "And that is the fellow that we
expect will take Quebec?" Pitt was
wrong; for he measured Wolfe by the
standard of a keen, shrewd, sensible
man of the world, who Is self-repressed
and selt-effaced In his public speech
concerning himself. Had Pitt seen
Wolfe in the field, he would have found
him Just what Nelson was on ship
board, a modest, brave. Just consider
ate and kindly man; but In Pitt's Cab
inet Wolfe no more concealed his pro
fessional self-esteem and self-confidence
than does a vigorous, healthy,
aggressive boy before his playmates.
Napoleon, who was both an astute
man, of the world and an educated sol-
aier, wouia not nave distrusted tne
genius of either Wolfe or Nelson, be
cause of their boastfulness, for he
knew that there are -very many men
of superior native gifts of brain and
character who are as Inharmonious In
brain and tongue as was GoldsmIth,bf
whom Walpole said: "He wrote most
divinely, but talked like poor Poll'
Napoleon knew that Massena, next to
himself, had the most military genius
of any soldier In the French army, but
he was never afraid of him, because
he knew that Massena was utterly
without political tastes, talents or am
bition; he cared for nothing but money,
and nothing for money except to spend
It In riotous living; nor was Napoleon
really afraid of Moreau. who was next
to. Massena In military genius, although
. Queen Victoria, whether prompted by
kindness of heart or a desire to carry
out faithfully the programme of the
government In sending her to Ireland,
has visited. In spite of the most In
clement weather, the lowliest sectibn of
Dublin. A gracious presence on ac
count of her age more than her posi
tion, the venerable Queen was every
where received with courtesy and con
sideration. Scowling discontent no
doubt peered at her from dark alleys
and from behind closed blinds, recog
nizing her only as a descendant of one
of the "fools and oppressors called
George," but no demonstration of mal
ice was made, as tho aged sovereign,
with pity in her face, rode through the
slums of Dublin, unmindful of the rain.
Politicians are not to be placated by a
scene like this; but the hearts of the
Irish people will be touched by It. and
the purpose of Lord Salisbury in plan
ning the Queen'svislt to Ireland will
be fulfilled. As preliminary to the state
drive through the streets of Dublin to
morrow, the drive through the lowly
quarters of the city was wisely planned,
and Victoria, having done all, will re
turn to the seclusion of Balmoral or
Osborne, conscious of having per
formed at last a duty to her Irish sub
jects from which she has, for good
cause, shrunk for years.
One of the strange things of the time
Is the intense admiration of Mr. Bryan
and his party for Abraham Lincoln.
But while Mr. Lincoln lived no act of
his had the approval of the party of
which Mr. Bryan Is the leader today.
That party opposed him, maligned him,
fought him on every issue, with most
rancorous enmity. The way In which
it deals with McKlnley Is as sweet
milk to vitriol compared with the way
in which It dealt with Lincoln. Yet It
now professes to find in Lincoln the
most transcendant virtues, good enough
to be models even for the peerless Mr.
Bryan. And Mr. Bryan himself seems
fond of the comparison, or at least ac
cepts It, with an amiable condescension.
On one of those sober and rather melan
choly days in the latter part of autumn,
when the shadows of morning and even
ing almost mingle together and throw o
gloom over the decline of the year, I
passed several hours in rambling about
Westminster Abbey. There was some
thing congenial to tho season In tho
mournful magnificence of, the old pile;
and, as I passed Its threshold. It seemed
Uka stepping back into, the regions of
antiquity, and losing myself among tho
shades of former ages.
I pursued my walk to an arched door
opening to the Interior of the Abbey. On
entering here, the magnitude, of the build
ing breaks fully upon the mind, contrasted
with the vaults of the cloisters. The eye .
gazes with wonder at clustered columns
of gigantic dimensions, with arches
springing from them to such an amazing
height; and man. wandering about their
bases, shrunk Into Insignificance in com
parison with his own handiwork. The
spaciousness and gloom of this vast edi
fice produce a profound and mysterious
awe. We step cautiously and softly about.
as If tearful of disturbing the hallowed
silence of the tomb; while every footfall
whispers along the walls, and chatters
among the sepulchers. maklhg us mora
sensible of the quiet we have interrupted.
It seems as If tho awful nature of tho
place presses down upon the soul, and
hushes the beholder Into noiseless rever
ence. We feel that we are surrounded by
the congregated bones of the great men of
past times, who have filled history with
their deeds, and the earth with their re
nown. And yet it almost provokes a smile
at the vanity of human ambition, to seo
how they are crowded togetHer. and Jos
tled In the dust; what parsimony Is ob
served In doling out a scanty nook a
gloomy corner a little portion of earth,
to those whom, when alive, kingdoms
could not satisfy! And how many shapes,
and forms, and artlflce3. are devised to
catch the casual notice of the passenger,
and save from forcetfulness. for a few
short years, a name which once aspired
to occupy ages of the world's thought and
Thero Is a sad dreariness In this mag
nificence; this strange mixture of tombs
and trophies; these emblems of living
and aspiring ambition, close beside me
mentos .which show the dust and oblivion
In which all must sooner or later termin
ate. Nothing impresses tho mind with a
deeper feeling of loneliness than to tread
the silent and deserted scene of former
throng and pageant. On looking round
on the vacant stalls of the knights and
their esquires, and on the rows of dusty
but gorgeous banners that were once
borne before them, my Imagination con
jured up the scene when this hall was
bright with the vator and beauty of tho
land; glittering with the splendor of
Jewelled rank and military array; allva
with the tread of many feet, and the hum
of an admiring multitude. All had passed
away; the silence of death had settled
again upon the place: Interrupted only
by the casual chirring of birds, which had
found their way Into the chapel, and built
their nests among Its friezes and pendants
sure signs of solitariness and desertion.
When I read the names Inscribed on tho
banners, they were those of men scattered
far and wide about the world; some toss
ing upon distant seas; some under arms
In distant lands; some mingling in tho
busy Intrigues of courts and cabinets; all
socking to deserve one more distinction
in this mansion of shadowy honors tho
melancholy reward of a monument
Dewey's candidacy may be said to
be fairly launched. There has already
been one fatal saloon quarrel over it
in Chicago, the prelude no doubt of a
lively campaign for the Democracy,
whose standard-bearer. Judging from
his trainers, the Admiral hopes to be.
And now comes General Miles ex
pressing a willingness" to be nominated
for the Presidency by the Democratic
National Convention. "The Army and
Navy forever!"
Dewey's letter Is "not ready." The
"old girl" has not yet got his "opinion"
into shape.
"Mr Heart Goes Itoond the World
Mary E. Blanchard. In Boston Traveler.
My heart goes round the world sailing.
However the winds may Wow.
And searches wltn tears from clime to clime
For the love of Ions ago;
Goes round the world, round the world sallmg.
With passion its pulse to thrill.
AU round the world, round the world calling
In quest of y clJ l0Te still.
Mr heart coea round the world sailing-.
As ever In days sone by.
Did Fancy sail in her airy ship
Tb the realms where treasures llei
Goes searching- the cold world o'er and o'er.
Wherever fond wish may bo.
And calls through the length of desert years
For what years cannot bestow.
Calls to the sea that's swept by storm
Till Its billows roar with pain.
And caUa to the wind-vexed mountain height.
That frowns on the tranquil plain;
But never the sea, gles back response
To the words that bum as Are.
And the mount uprears in silent scorn
Of the dole of vain desire.
Tet assailing and a-salllng.
Through storm and through Summer shine.
Shall go my heart with a fearless trust.
Till that Jor again Is mine;
All round the world, round the world sailing.
Till It faint at last with years.
And learn how Idle are human hopes.
And how unavailing tears.
My heart, around the world sailing.
Hoping and worshiping still.
Shall. seek that love of the olden time.
Till death shall the dream fulfill;
All round tho world, round the world Balling.
With patience that mocks at woe.
All round the world, round the world sailing.
However the winds may blow.
Storey for Mnyor.
prvRTT.AVTV Anrll 7. To Hon. W. A.
Storey Dear Sir: We, the undersigned
taxpayers and voters ot the City of Port
land, Multnomah County, Or., do mot
earnestly request you to become a candi
date for the office of Mayor of this city,
and fully believing that the best interests
of this city would be In good hands should
you be elected to said position, we pledge
you our hearty support in case you accept:
E. Cameron, Mark U Cohn. J. Werthelm
er, Fred T. Merrill. A. K. Bentlev J.
Bulswanger, H. U Keats, R, Lee Ijams.
W. S. Sterling. M. Reuisteln, D. Erdellch.
J. C. Moore. John Lang. E. Maloy. W. N.
Lewis, H. S. Turlay, C. P. Webb, Bert
Kindred. H. Beckwlth, J. A. Haseltine.
S. H. Cawston. E. SchllTcr. C. W. Dde,
H. A. Jurchemlch. W. A. Rader. George
K. Miller, Albert Schiller, L. H. Adams,
Leroy Hadley. W. D. Alvord, W. C. Hasel
tine. A. B. Graham, R. S. Oliver. F. S.
Stanfield. W. A. Crewsen, C. H. Schnable.
F. M. Wndsworth, Jr.. J. F. Heard, Ed
Howell, F. E. Back, 'William Hllgerd, J.
H. Kern. J. E. Munsey, M. Rosensteln,
SIg Werthelmer, Arthur Kohn, Edwin A.
Davis. Ben Rosenfeld. George J. Bills. C
H. Smith. H. J. Martin. William Goldman,
Louis Jacobs, A. L. Bulweon. Clarke A.
Calloway, E. R. Brown. J. B. Baldwin.
Charles Thompson, E. F. Patton, G.
Weber. L. A. Wheeler, H. J. SIrard. E.
R. Manning, G. E. Jackson. C. Pickett
Dick Smith. H. W. Germaine, L. M. Drey
fuss. L. A. Helbock. Robert J. Wing, H.
Nubler, J. N. Flelschner, I. N. Koshland.
J. A. Sears. Dan Marx, Ed Ehrman. F.
L. Gugenhelmer, J. L. Wheeler, O. J.
GroU. D. J. Qulmby. H. Gordon. E. Col
son. H. E. Strauss, W. C. Francis, C. W.
Board. H. J. Idleman, Frank Morrison,
G. N. Versteeg, A. Nevergold. E. Versteeg.
D. Ev Dunbar, F. R. Charman, Mike Bow
man, N. W.- Marquam, Grant Phegley, A.
H. Griswotd, Harrison Versteeg. John
Versteeg. I. Vanduyn. A. Vanduyn, D.
Mclnnis, (many more).
I arose and prepared to leave the Abbey.
As I descended the flight of steps which
lead Into the' body of the building, my
eye was caught by the shrine ot Edward
the Confessor, and I ascended the sfrjall
stalrcaso that conducts to it. 'to take from
thence a general survey of this wilderness
of tombs. The shrine Is elevated upon a
kind of platform, and close around It ara
tho sepulcher of various kings and
queens. From this eminence the eye looks
down between pillars and funeral trophies
to the chapels and chambers below,
crowded with tombs; where warriors,
prelates, courtiers and statesmen 11a
moldcrlng In "their beds of darkness."
Close by me stood the great chair of
coronation, rudely carved of oak. In the
barbarous taste of a remote and Gothlo
age. The scene seemed almost as If con
trived, with theatrical artifice, to produce
an effect upon the beholder. Hero was a
type of the beginning and tho end of
human pomp and power: here It was lit
erally but a step from the throne to tho
sepulcher. Would not one think that thesa
Incongruous mementos had been gathered
'together as a lesson to living greatness?
to show It. even In the moment of its
proudest exaltation, the neglect and dis
honor to which It must soon arrive? how
soon that crown which encircles its brow
must pass away; and It must He down in
the dust and disgraces of tho -tomb, and
be trampled upon by the feet of the mean
est of the multitude? For. strange to ten,
even the grave Is here no longer a sanctu
ary. There Is a shocking levity In somo
natures, which leads them to sport with
awful and hallowed things; and there
are base minds, which delight to revenga
on the Illustrious dead the abject horaago
and groveling servility which they pay to
the living. The coffin of Edward the Con
fessor has been broken open, and his re
mains despoiled of their funeral orna
monts; the scepter has been stolen from
the hand of the Imperious Elizabeth, and
the effigy of Henry -V lies headless. Not
a. royal monument but bears some proof
how false and fugitive Is the homage of
mankind. Some are plundered; somo
mutilated; some covered with rlhaldry
and Insult all mora or less outraged and
What, thought I, Is this vast assemblage
of sepulchers but a treasury of humilia
tion; a huge pile of reiterated homilies
on the emptiness of renown, and tho cer
tainty of oblivion? It is, indeed, the em
pire of Death; his great shadowy palace;
where he sits In state, mocking at tho
relics of human glory, and spreading dust
and forgetfulness on the monuments of
How Idle a boast, after all. Is tho Im
mortality of a name! Time Is ever silently
turning over his pages; we are too much
engrossed by the story of Ihe present to
think of tho characters and anecdotes that
give Interest to the past: ana eacn aga
Is a volume thrown aside to be speedily
forgotten. The Idol of today pushes the
hero of yesterday out of our recollection:
and will. In turn, be supplanted by his
successor of tomorrow. "Our fathers."
says Sir Thomas Browne, ."find their
graves In our short memories, and sadly
tell us how wo may be burled In our sur
vivors." History fades into fable: fact
becomes clouded with doubt and contro-'
versy: the Inscription moldcrs from tho
tablet: tho statue falls from the pedestal.
Columns, arches, pyramids what nre they
but heaps of sand: and their epitaph, but
characters written In the dust? What is
tho security of a tomb, or the perpetuity
of an embalmment? The remains of
Alexander the Great have been scattered
to tho wind, and his empty sarcophagus
Is now the mere curiosity of a museum.
"The Egyptian mummies which Camby
ses or time hath spared, avarice now eon
sumcth: MIzralm cures wounds, and Pha
raoh Is sold for balsams."
What then Is to insure this pile, which
now towers abovo me, from sharing tho
fate of mightier mausoleums? The tlmo
must come when Its glided vaults which
now spring so loftily, shall lie In rubbish
beneath the feet; when. Instead of tho
sound of melody and praise, the winds
shall whistle through the broken arches,
and-the owl hoot from the shattered tower
when the garish sunbeam sha'l break
into these gloomy mansions of death: and
the ivy twine round tho fallen column:
and the foxglove hang Its blossoms about
the nameless urn. a If In mockery of tha
dead. Thus man passes away: his nana
passes from recollection; his history Is a
tale that Is told, and his very monument
Jj becomes a ruin.
ru j
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