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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (April 8, 1900)
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THE .SUNDAY OREbONIAN, VQRTLAXB, 'APRIL 8, 1900.
GHIEFLY PEOPLED WITH SAVAGES
Island of Panay and Other Little-Known Parts of the Philippines
Visited by Correspondent Carpenter.
(Copyricfct. 18O0. by Frank a. Carpenter.) ,
On board the transport Port Stephens, I
In the harbor of Ilo Ilo. Feb. IT, ISM. I I
am at mr. first Mnnnimr nlarn artftr lav.
"" my- nrat stopping piaco alter leav- I
tag Manila on a tour of the southern parts
f ti,. to!hi i . i . J
, Of the Philippine Islands. I am on a mule
transport, which is bound for all of the
out-of-the-way porta to take wagons.
mules, horses and supplies for our Karri
sons. We shall travel more than 2000
miles before we return to Manila, and .
.t,-if . "" " , r ' .
? " J LZI r.."0,
-w. .:. iu uuc ui '"""s. .. ..-
spend several days at each place, landing
cargo, and in our tour will .not only visit '
the Sulu Islands, where the Sultan lives '
wlth his wives and slaves, but, will also
coast clear around the great Island of
Mindanao, which is practically unknown
to the world. It has naked savages, wild
Moros "and Sultans even more powerful
than the one with whom General Bates
. made his treaty of friendship and peace.
Our ship Is like nothing y.ou see on the
Atlantic It is a vesse' as long as a city
block, and so wide tiat It would flit the
ordinary street from one side to the other.
- It -has three stories tlevoted to mule stalls,
and a vast hold below this in which hun
dreds of tons of hay, oats and other cargo
are stored. The ship Is so high, .indeed,
wsthat If it stood in a city street Its upper
deck would be about even with the fifth
story flats, and when the mules are taken
out to exercise upon It they are almost
.-twice as high up In the air as the roof of
a two-story house.
"When I came on the ship, I was told
that I hhould have to rough It, and was
urged by the captain not to go. I was
told that there were plenty of comforts
for the mules, but none for passengers,
and that I should have to sleep on the
deck. I replied that as this was my only
way of reaohlng the posts I would rUk
it. So I have bought a cot and an army
blanket, and rolled up In It I sleep out
under the stars as the mules stamp and
bray beneath me. It Is not at ail bad.-I
assure you. I eat with the captain, have
my bath from a bucket of salt water on
deck, and write on a table which I have
fixed up at the stern of the ship.
rurely n. Mule Ship.
The Port Stephens Is essentially and
purely a mule ship. Its guests are those
long-eared animals, each of which has
a stall or room, three feet wide, to him
self. The stalls are arranged in long lines,
a double row on each story, and the anl
"mals" face one another, with their tails
-turned toward the sea. There are in
clined planes or stairs by which the- are
led up to the exercise deck, and by which
ihey are taken from story to story. They
are. in fact, treated with .as much care
as the men. They are fed regularly, and
given a foot nnd leg bath every morning.
After ttMir bath they are brought upstairs
for their constitutional, and then tied
there for a time, with their faces toward
the sea, in order that they may see the
wild ocean as it rolls. They are carefully
inspected every morning, and their tem
perature is taken four times a day by
the muledoctor. If they are not Just
tight theyget a dose, of medicine at once.
and are more carefully fed. As a result,
the mules are today In better condition
than when they left Seattle three months
ngo. They have weathered some of the
most terrible of ocean storms, have been
seasick and battered about, and still only
five have been lost In the cargo of Tf6.
The cargo of one of these transports Is
a. valuable one. A mule by the time It
gets to the Philippines costs Uncle Sam
at least $400, and the number on board
the Port Stephens Is wo.rth at least K00,
000. Some of them have come from .Puerto
" Rico, having been sent from San Juan
and Ponce to Washington, and thence
forwarded clear across the continent' -to
Seattle, so that they have -traveled some
thing like 15,000 miles In coming to Manila.
Others came direct from 'Kentucky and
Missouri, but all have cost -so much that
it pays to take care of them.
The Captain-Quartermaster who has
charge of them had much to do with
carrying the horses and mules fpr our
armies in Cuba and Puerto Blco. He
is Captain. Joseph C. Byron, who was
wounded- while In the army In Fuerto
Rico, and afterwnrd assigned to the quar
termaster's department. He transported
more than 090 animals to and from the
West Indies, and lost only Ave. and he Is
today one of the experts In this branch
of the department.
Plenty or Tnre Air. ,
' This ship has been fitted up according
to Captain Byron's directions. It has ven
tilating fans, which draw In fresh air to
the stables, and at the same time the foul
air Is taken out. The air of the hold of
the steamer Is thus kept as fresh as that
of the deck, and with the washing and
c.eanlng of the stalls with the hose every
morning there Is no more smell about the
steamer than In a Dutch kitchen.
A mule Is worth more than. a soldier
over here In the Philippines at present.
There are no adequate means of trans
portation of men or baggatre and pack
trains and carts are In cm-'od .at all of
the posts. The only available animal Is
the water buffalo, which can make only
about enc mile an hour with any kind of
a load, and which is of little use in the
hills. The horses of the country are so
small that one of the army mules could
swallow a Filipino steed of the average
size without much distending his stom-'
ach so small that one of the mule drivers
took one up In 'his arms the other day
to show .his contempt of its size. Many
parts of these Islands are mountainous,
and every section of the army that goes
into -the interior should have Its pack
train, with experienced packers to handle
the mules. We have one gang of packers
on board who now and then pack the
inules on the deck of the steamer for prac
tice; At present there are about SO00 mules
end horses in the Philippines, but some
of the best of the army officers tell me
that three times this number could be
used to. advantage,
We left Manila at night and awoke to
find our steamer coasting along the great
Island of Mlndoro. We kept It In sight
the most of the day. Its blue, smoky
mountains rising In places almpst straight
from the water's edge, and rolling one
over the other until they lost themselves
In the clouds. Wo were not near enough
to distinguish the character of the land
or its vegetation, but could tell that the
mountains are heavily wooded, and it is
said that the forests are full of mahog
any, teak and other valuable trees. The
island is one of the largest of the Philip
pines, and as yet Is practically unexplored.
It Is bigger than the State of Connecticut,
and has a population of about loo.nno. al
most all of whom nre savages. There is
one town which, has' about E000 people,
but the most of the Inhabitants live In
the wilds, go entirely naked and subsist
upon roots, fruit and such fish and game
as they can catch.
Dean Worcester, who visited the Island,
describes It as unhealthy In th.e extreme,
but his explorations did not extend very
far inland, and both agriculturally and
mlnerally the land is unprospected. It is
so, notwithstanding It lies within only a
few miles of the Island of Luzon, and so
that it can be reached by boat in a very
I am more and more surprised every day
at the little the Spanish knew about tho
fllfferent parts of their Philippine posses
lions. They seldom penetrated tho In
terior, and some of the best partB of the
:ountry are m as virgin a state as when
Ferdinand Magellan landed on the island
ef Mindanao, on the 21st of March. 151.
only S years after Columbus discovered
America. That island'contalns from 30.000
to 40,000 -square miles. It is, perhaps, the
richest part of the whole archipelago, and
It Is populated almost entirely by savages.
Tne "'and of Fanay, where I am now
writing, was practically unknown to the
---. ' . V r ,
P' r,.th worid un" "? Jea? and
today -it is impossible to get accurate
data concerning it. It has mountainous
Jl.l.l. .I.MA....1. .kl.k l.,... l... I
"""ll "s" wniiiu nuut jncu " (
never gone, and our soldiers who recently j
crussca li uuioiuum 10 uori.ii iuuku ranca ,
savages Uvlng in the woods. And still the
land to exceedingly rich and Its low- '
lands have now a considerable population,
" --- --- " -- '
ana nas a vast aeal more cuiuvaiapie i
land. I have learned something of It from
the old English residents of Ilo Ilo and
from the Filipinos, and have also the re-
suits of the investigations of Lieutenant
Von Deman, the topographical engineer
on the staff of General Hughes. Lleuten- l
ant Van Deman Is a close observer. He ;
nas teen on an oi ine expeditions our
soldiers have made throughout Tne Island,
and Is now mdklng maps of It for the use
of the War Department.
Panay -Is of the shape of an equilateral
triangle. It looks small on our maps of
the Philippines, .but each side of it is al-
most 100 miles long, and altogether it has I
more than half us much land' as the state
of Massachusetts. It b a land of moun
tains and valleys. Low ranges cut It up
Into three great parts, represented by its
three provinces, Antique at the west,
Caplz at the north and Ilo Ilo at the south,
with Its district Concepclon adjoining it
on the east.
Bandits and Gaerrlllaii,
All of these provinces are much the same j
In character, being rolling hlns, moun
tains and valley plains. The mountains
have some wood, but not the fine timber
of Mindanao, Mlndoro and parts of Lu
zon. The plains are the only parts much
cultivated, and many of them are unus:d.
m are unusza.
The war has ruined many of the farms,
nnd you see burned sugar mills here and
there. The country to still filled with ban
dits nnd guerrillas, and neither life nor
property Is safe from them. The Tagalos
ic-v , .' i
who came here have united with the law- , , , m o tht,r and are ,
less among the-ylsaynns and they go over j &h tfio de of .nteU,genCe and
the Island in, bands of anywhere from dvi'ization. both of which I should say
half a dozen to several hundreds burning decldedly low. Both peoples are nat-
and stealing and committing all sorts of j, untrustworthy. and the greatest
unmentlonab e outrages. It. will. I nm , to be ttkeny,i grf against sur-tn-,1,tkea.ar8e.rCet0.PreSere?
Vtoes. The Islands, while there are no
2S ln,V" "trSiJS? ,eJ Urge' armies upon them, are .everywhere
The character of Panay makes It a hard
country for campaigning. The country to
well watered, being cut up by streams as
many as the veins of a l-af. These streams
In the wet reason flood the lowlands and
turn them Into a vast lake, above which.
when the rain ceases, the little green walls
.u i 7j V. . i ii!.
? LRttP.al ! SSSrlS,'
to ride over the fields at this time. and.
Indeed, almost Impossible to do so with
an American horse or mule at any time.
When the fields dry with the dry season,
they do so only on top. as hat which
seems solid ground to only a crust. This
crust will support a little Filipino pony,
but a mule will break through it, and
before you know It you will find that he
has punken up to his ears In the mud. The
only animals that can be used to work
such lands are the water buffaloes, who
wallow along, half swimming through the
mud, as they drag the rude bamboo har
rows or plows, preparing the fields for rice
planting.,- Even the military road, which
the Spanish built, is little more than a
crust. Where it Is broken there are "un
fathomable mudboles, making It -Impassable
for teams. The rice is planted In
the wnter and It receives little cultivation.
I went with Lieutenant Van Deman for
a ride Into the country today, and he
showed me lands which were, he said, typ
ical of all the lowlands of Panay. They
were llttlo patches of black mud. in which
rice was growing and about which there
"- " -li.
mt ,iSJL feaBsnnaL SAM
were groves of cocoanut trees. Among and that their destruction would not hurt
the trees were thatched huts upon piles. . the natives, who live chiefly In theuburb
and In the fields, here and there, women an villages of Moio and Harrow. Tbey.
wf.5LT?. ,f',, t, ... . therefore, soaked the principal houses with
That, said Van Deman. 'is a sample i coal oil and lighted them. They burned
of the greater part of -this Island. It to all of the best bu'.ldings. including the In
made up of rice and cocoanuts, with su- . dustrial school and other public structures,
gar plantations scattered here and thr so that today Ilo Ilo is largely made up' of
uuuuii it. jmr ouii A3 :jkvctmiiis. r.H,
and it produces enormously.
Coffee nnd Fruits.
"How about fruits. Lieutenant?" said I.
"I believe almost any kind of tropical
fruit will grow, but none is Cultivated.
We have bananas which grow wild, and a
fruit which the people call the maranga.
It is of the shape and color of the orange.
but to about twice as large as the crape
fruit or shaddock which wc have in our
nome marxets. we nave also bread iruit,
but no oranges, so far as I know. There
nre coffee plantations In Antique, but they
do not raise enough to make coffee figure
largely as one of the exports from the
Island. Before the war about J1.6O0.OCO
worth of stuff was exported from Ilo Ilo
annually. The province of Caplz produced
half this amount, and Antique suil less.
I There is considerable tobacco raised, aad
tome Indigo, as well cs cacao, or chocc- He-has now cleared the island of organ
Mate, and hemp. I believe the land to be lxed redsunce. but he tells me It Tflu
niulnl rlnh .Tut' rfmiht Tint It onllln be months before the DjUBOlttl C&I1 DO
be made to yield many timts as much as
it does." '
"How about the mountains
"We passed through them on our march"!
across the island. They nre generally !
wooded, and are supposed to be unlnhab- i
lted. on account of the malaria, except by
naked nomadic savages. The mountains
are generally about 1000 to 1000 feet high,
althoueh in Dlaces ther rise to 4000 and
. SO00 feet. Mount Bacloy ta said to be 5S7S .
j feet In altitude, and the mountain Nang.
lcel m aitiiuae, ana tne mountain .-sang- .
tud 6T20 feet, or higher than Mount Wash- I
i'you hcnr of nr com beine dlscov-
ered in the mountalnsr I aeked.
.-j- x near of lu but z tj,. have n0
nosltlve knowledge about It." was -the re-
pir. "There is Mack sand In every stream
ou ana the Spaniards claimed that
there was told In the nnd of the Caba-
SE 7n the province o"ctIs! It to ,a?d '
,, , ,.iv.n..,.,- ,.. it. i tv, ,
there are quicksilver deposits in the same
province, and that copper exists in An
tique. These matters will have to be set
tled by the prospector arid by the Govern
ment gologlsts. Just now we nave our
hands full in trying to keep the people
utt I can onlr sav that the land looks
remarkably rich, and that it can be cultl-i
vated high up in the mountains. The cli
mate Is. as far as I have seen, not un
healthful. but. the peoplo are seml-clvlllzed
and hard to control.'
This military district is that of the VI
sayan Islands. It embraces the larger Is
lands of the middle of the archipelago.
lying between Luzon on
the north and the
Mohammedan Islands of Mindanao and
Sulu on the souttu It embraces some of
tne ncnest ana most tnicsiy popuiatea
parts of the Philippines, and a number of
large Islands which are noted for their
products of sugar, hemp and for their pos
sibilities In the way of coal and other
minerals. Cebu, for instance. Is a great
hemp-ralsmg region. Samar, produces su-
rnr rfA an.1 wfT.A- Vnnrr. .-lilrYi T nan
F. frorn i,0 Ilo nas fo:ne of tno
sugar plantations, and the Island of Bohol
Is noted for its pearl fisheries.
These Islands are populated by a differ
ent peoplo from the Tagalcs, the rebels of
; i.,,.,, , .i,- -- innn th. vi.
' ,. ' ,-.,, ,,. ,, ,,..
sayans. They have a different language
and customs, but in most of the Islands
they have united with the Tagalcs to op
pose our troops. They are not as aggress-
I L-a o tViA Totrnlna Vittt trA mllta OM
nv.tvim .i-lt, rifninAa ni tnAltt1 anil
I there are parts of them which have not
yet been subdued. Garrisons will have to
be furnished for the chief towns and the
principal roads should be patrolled by
mounted cavalry to allow the people to
work their fields and to make them feel'
' uenerat it i'. nugncs, wno is in cnarge
of the Vj-ons, to well fitted for the po.
General R. P. Hughes, who Is In cnarge
sltlon. Ho had a good chance to e:uJy
tho Filipino character when he was Pro
i vost Marshal of the City of Manila. He
, took that place as soon as the city was
occupied by our troops, and it was due to
his vigilance that the Insurgents were pre
vented from uprising and burning the Phil
ippine capital. For months after the oc
cupation ho slept In hit) clothes. There
were rumors of uprisings almost every
day, but to most of them General Hughes
paid no attention. He merely kept his
eyes open and sold nothing. At last one
day he doubled his guards and ordered that
tho troops be kept In readiness for trouble.
He had noticed that the Flllplnoa were
taking their women and children out oi
Manila, They were leaving at the rate
of hundreds a day, and their departure
was to be followed by an uprising and the
attempted massacre of the foreigners.
Tho Increase of force, however, prevented
the Insurrection and thus saved the city.
When General Hughes came here, the
natives burned the town upon leaving It.
They sa'd that tho most of the buildings
In it belonged to Chinese and the English,
jLiv irjr;5 " mm
'"J .s k r2&ry i SK. e?.: lW
r J2 sk:L.iSr &S if iTl
'' V :- . . f4. -..' Sr f 1
HOW 1TIET FARM IX PAXAT.
After the General took possession there
were mere rumors of Insurrections and
w Miutucj ui .jicigui-ra. xic paja no ai- i caroon, pnospnorus ana so on. it Is a
tentlon, but one day his native clerk asked curious puzzle. Indeed, and "is worth con
for an afternoon off, that he might take ' zldcrlng; For example, as to gas, now
his family out of the city. The General what a problem Is here! The veracious
thought that might mean business, nnd he chronicler states that the average man
had the town searched for concealed wea-
' pons. He found that the natives had hun-
dreds of knives concealed in their houses,
and that they had planned to unite with a
, Dana oi lagaios.wno were to operate from
tho outside, and at a concerted signal to
rise, set the city on Jlre and murder the
The discovery of the plot prevented Its
being carried out, and shortly after this
' General Hughes attacked H00 of the Ta-
gaios outeidc the town aud defeated them.
cleared out, as they will probably take
to the mountains.
In talking of the situation. General
Hughes aald: ...
"I bellevo a. great deal of harm la being
done by the people of the United States
discussing the advisability of leaving the
Island. All such reports are published
over here, and they nave led the people
to believe that the Americans will eyentu-
all 6lveup the struggle. They had been
juuured that Coneress.
as soon as it met.
o- w- " ' . .7v" .1 '
would stop the war and withdraw the
troops, and have been told that Mr. Bryan
had advised that this should be done Too
will bo surprised to know that earns of
them can Quote Bryan's speeches and can
name others of the anti-expansionists.
Bry.an has been pictured as almost equal
to the President In power. lWtawl)a
lven only one side qf the case, and this
come from the Vllplno newapapers.
which are saying nothing favorable of the
army of the Americans.'
"What do you think of the people here.
General, as possible American clllzccaT"
"They may make Americans some day,
but it will be a long time before they will
be able to govern themselves according to
our Ideas of citizenship. We shall have to
put our best licks on the next generation,
and by education and example we may
teach them American ideas and personal
and political morality and honor. As it Is,
their training has been In the policy of the
Spaniard as to such matters. They believe
it Tight and proper for officials to receive
bribes, and they expect to pay them; I
have Just had trouble with a notary whom
I appointed. He has charged the English
bank here CO for protesting a note. They
have reported it and have cut his charge
down to IIS, whicnis lees than allowed by
the Spanish law.
"It Is so with every class of business.
All the officials have been accustomed to
making all they could out of their offices,
and I don't see how tho abuses can be
remedied. If we bad some American of
ficials, young men and honest men. who
could come out here prepared to remali
for 20 years or so, on tho assurance that
they would be retained In office, wo might
be able to do something In the way of re
form by and by. but as it Is, the situation
is rather discouraging."
FRANK G. CARPENTER.
PEN AND PENCIL.
The man who burdens you with a oecret
you must not tell might as well give you
a handful of nickels to carry until you
see him again.
When a woman marries a man, she
takes his name, and everything elso she
can lay her hands on.
Noah was a weather prophet. When he
eald it was going to rain, nobody believed
A curate is said to have given out the
following church notice: "A man going to
see his wife, desires the prayers of the
"The consequences of your own extrav
agance be upon your bwn head." he sol
mnly said, as his wife's millinery bill
slipped from hid nerveless flngere. They
Were, with the exception of Thursday af
ternoon, when the cook wore them.
As ril'nt u th tiade of night
That steals across the pUln.
lie comes, all ctxrelr In his flight
Of human Joy or pain:
And though you deftly chocee your way.
Tour coum h' rure to'atrtko
This fearful -creature of dlnay
The wobbler en the bike.
Then In the cn.'h. when eloquence
E:rar I a phrases (ers3,
A nen you bare checked your words Intense
To think of somethlne w oree,
A shock more fierce than all the rest
Your aeaaes sets awhlrU
The wobbler whom you thus addressed
Turns out. to be a girl.
About the only force some people have
Is the force of habit.
The negro Is noted for the agility with
which he leaps Into the footsteps of his
Caucasian brother. -Black Joe was asked,
why his color was always following sa
closely tho customs of the white race
In an apologetic tone he offered the fol
lowing explanation: "Well. sah. we duz
like yo" whltesfolks' case we want yo'
all to seo how bad ct do look, so yo' will
get disgusted an" quit actln' so foolish.
We Iz tryin to reform yo all, sah."
"Tako something to "drink?" said his
friends. "No, thank you." "No! Why
not?" "In the first place," said the party
In question, "because I am secretary to
a temperance society that to to meet to
day, and I must be consistent: In tho sec
ond place, this is tho anniversary of my
father's death, and out of jespect to his
memory 1 have promised never to drink
on this day, and in the third place, I have
Just taken something."
Portland cIL'zen I aayt black boy; it
rcems to me I have seen your face before.
Black Boy Reckon yo' has. boss, 'cause
das where I ben wearing It all my life.
Some people nro so superstitious that,
on looking at a sailor hat, they become
Frank L. Boyd. City Clerk of Spokane,
is an old printer and publisher. Frank
used to swing the arjn of the old Wash
ington press in the Chronicle office. In
Dayton. Wash., when O. C. White was
the editor. Afterwards Boyd was propri
etor of a paper In Walla Walla The Epi
gram, which was burned out by fire.
No wonder women are so pretty. Many
of the fair sex are hand-painted.
E. R. Burk. for years correspondent of
The Union at Walla Walla, from Dayton,
always noted marriages under the head of
"Glory TIcketa." Burk died some years
We smile at the odd titles of books of
the pant, but modern works seem comical
also. In reading of "Harrlron on the
Pig." one might wonder haw ho managed
to hold on, and it certainly Is odd that
there shouid be "Money In Hens."
Quite a number of our periodicals have
lately been enlightening us in regard to
the various ingredients of which the hu
man body is composed. They- have been
telling us that It is a polytechnic ware
house, as It were, of tallow candles, cum
tln tacks, cum-totlet map, cum-gas, water,
contains as much gas as would fill a
, balloon capable of holding some 3000 odd
cubic feet. That", remember, is the average
I man. But what about the "top-liner"?
Bless me, I have known men with enough
gas concealed about their vascular system
to light a whole city. If the article bad
Miss Prlnevllle How did you come to
accept De Chutes Bill?
Miss Table Rock Because he was so
brave and fearless. Why, when I asked
him .to do something 'heroic to prove his
ove for roe, be whooped and swore and
kicked the chairs over till Paw got out
of bed and came down stairs., as .mad
as a hornet, to quiet the uproar. And.
then, De Chutes Jumped on to him and"
Uaked him in less than three minutes..
And you know that Paw has always been
considered one of the hardest men in
Crook. County to handle. Paw and Bill
have gone to The Dalles to buy my wed
ding outfit."' VIC.
ESSENTIALS TO OLD AGE.
Erect Carriage, Slow, Deep Breatfc
lnr, Repose and Frocaltry.
A careful examination will snow- that
certain physical characteristics are usual
ly associated, with longevity. Perhaps the
mostnotlceable of these is carnage
Ninety-nine out of one hundred people
have curvature of the spine. The octo
genarian is the hundredth man. His spine
is a straight line, his head erect, his
chest broad and deep. This means that
the vital organs are properly supported
by tho attachments provided by nature,
and that they do not rest upon and crowd
each other. The heart, lungs, stomach,
liver and kidneys are thus enabled to do
their work unimpeded: and their activity
in providing food for the tissues and in
removing waste matter (which Is the'
prime cause of disease) Is a potent factor
in longevity. A large trunk, with legs
-short in proportion; a straight spine, and
an erect carriage are among the most
obvious characteristics of thoso who at
tain great age, says Health Culture, In
a carefully considered article on the sub
ject of old age.
Another characteristic of thoso who
achieve longevity, less evident to the un
trained observer, but equally important,
is the habit of slow, deep respiration. The
oxygen to the only real food: for only the
matter oxidized In the system becomes
tissue. Deep, full breathing means an
Immensely Increased amount of oxygen
Ingested, and an equally augmented quan
tity of poisonous matter eliminated by the
lungs. Mental quietude Is essential to
proper breathing. The excited man the
emotional Individual who suffocates with
Joy, palpitates with enthusiasm, chokes
with rage, gasps with astonishment, sighs
from the Intensity o'f his attachments
the emotional Individual by every lnequal
lty In his respiration abbreviates his life.
Another physical characteristic of lon
gevity, most important of all and seldom
or never noticed. Is easq and repose "of
movement. The old person the hale,
vigorous, healthy old man moves easily,
lightly, silently. He has always moved
that- way. That's the reason he is here
now Instead of with the others who. with
their gasps and sighs, their clinched
brows and twirling thumbs, 'their Intense
emotions, andvllttle complaints, are. gone
and forgotten. Ease of movement and
grace depend upon "muscular relaxation.
Muscular relaxation to Impossible except
when the mind to tranquil.
A fourth peculiarity of-those who lite
long Is that they -are Invariably small
eaters. Gourmands die young. The octo
genarian to always frugal. The enormous
physiological task of digesting and ex
creting dally-pounds of food not needed
by the organism Is not performed by the
frugal eater, and so he has tho rooro vi
tality to expend in thought, in working,
and In living out his century. We live
not so much because of what wc eat as
because of what we do not eat. Much has
been written on the subject of longev
ity, but little that today possesses any
beyond a merely literary Interest- The In
fluence of "occupation, of climate, of stim
ulants, of location, of race and breeding
upon longevity open interesting fields for
discussion, but affect the matter only In
directly. THREE MILLION LILIES:
Sew York "Will Use That Xumber tn
Tlirco million lilies will be used for
Easter decorations this year in Greater
New York, according to the Mall and Ex
press of that city. .This la the consensus
of opinion of prominent florists. At a cost
of 23 cents for each flower or bud, the
aggregate coat to New York's esthetic
public will be J7SO.00O. Orders have been
placed with the big florists for Immense
quantities of the beautiful buds, and natu
rally the bulk of the output will be taken
up by the churches, though orders for the
home cut a figure.
Nearly all of the llllea used are brought
in bulk from Holland, Belgium and the
Bermudas, principally In the Fall. Here
they are forced In the big greenhouses
owned by the large dealers. With the
lilies there come for the Easter decora
tions the pink and white azaleas beautiful
pink and white purple rhododendrons of
tho Alleghany Mountains, daffodils, nya
clnths. tulips, spireo, lilac, marguerites,
clnereas, forsythe, quince .and apple blos
soms, all grown and nurtured carefully
with the Easter sale in view, and dis
tributed with an extravagance that only
the metropolis would warrant.
If they only could,
inanv rich men would
erase the V in wealth and
write H in its place, and
so change wealth into
health. It's the saddest
thing about riches that in
in acquiring them men
often ruin their health
and at their prime are
doomed to live " periled
up in a glistering grief
and wear a golden sorrow.
The trouble is generally
with the stomach. In the
rush .for riches there's
been no time for regularity, no consider
ation of right food. The stomach and
other organs of digestion and nutrition
become diseased and then begins the
bitter and varied sufferings of the man
with "stomach trouble."
Yet this condition can be cured. The
stomach and other organs of digestion
and nutrition, can be restored to a nor
mal condition of sound health. Thou
sands testify that Dr. Pierce's Golden
Medical Discovery, strengthens the stom
ach, nourishes the nerves and purifies
the blood, that it breaks the bonds of the
dyspeptic, and makes him a healthy,
happy man. No alcohol whisky or other
intoxicant is contained in ?' Golden Med
ical Discovery. -
" I was a sufferer from what the doctors called
Indlration. but after trrlne several eminent
phynciant failed to get a cure," writes Mr.Frank
Meride. P. O. Box 7j. Independence. Jackson
Co Mo. " Some of mv ymotom were sore
ness In pit of rmach. fcllneu, tired feeling.
conitipation; some time serene would extend
to bowels. Some one recommended me to take
Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery, which I
did. and after taking only a few bottles of Dis
covery and your 'Pleasant Pellets' can ay I
derived more benefit from thect than trora any
other medidn: I ever -tried. I began to gain in
flesh from the"Urt- Have recommended it to
others and will continue to do so."
Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets do not
become a necessity to the system they
have relieved of accumulations and ob
structions. TnAVnLERS' GCIDC
WASHINGTON & ALASKA
Steamship "CITY OF SEATTLE" will leav
Seattle at 8 P. t. on Tuesday, April 3. and
every 10 days thereafter, tor Vancouver. Ketch
ikan. Juneau and Skacway. maklec trip from
Seattle to Skacway tn 73 hours.
Tot fretcht and pasace Inquire of .
OODWKU. CO, LIMITED, AQVm,
Union Depot. Sixth and J Streets.
TWO TRAINS DAILY
FOR ALL POINTS EAST
"PAST MAIL AXD PORTLAXD - CII1
' CAGO SPECIAL nOCTE."
Leave for the EjlK .via. Spokine dally at 3.43
P. M. Arrives at 8:00 A. JC
Leave for rt East. vta. fendleton and Hunt
inrtoa. dally at 8K P. M. Arrive, via. Huat
tccton and Pendteton. at 6:43 P. M.
THKOUOH PULLMAN AND TOUKIST
Water lire acbeJule. subject ta chance wild
OCCAX AXD RIVER SCHEDULE.
OCEAN DlVISIOIf Steamship aall frora
Alnsworth dock at 8:00 P. M. Leave Portland
Columbia. Monday. April 2: Thuraday, April
12: Sunday. April 22: Wednesday. May 2: Sat
urday, Mar 12. Elate of California. Saturday.
April 7; Tueaday, April IT; Friday. April Si;
-From San Pracelseo State of California.
Tuesday, April 3: Friday. April 13: Monday,
April 23; Thursday. May 3: Sunday, May 13.
Columbia. Sunday. April 8: 'Wednesday. April
18; Saturday. April 28; Tuesday, May 8.
COLUMBIA RIVER MIV1SIO.V.
PORTLAND AND ASTORIA.
Steamer Ilusalo leaves Portland dally, exoeji
Sunday, at 8.00 P. M.: on Saturday at 100 P
M. Returning, lea-re Astoria, dally, except Sun
day, at 7:00 A. M.
WILLAMETTE RIVER DIVISIOX.
PORTLAND AND CORVALLI3. OR.
Steamer Ruth, tor Salem. Albany, Corraltla
and way polntu leaves Portland Tuesday.
Thursdays and Saturday at 8.00 A. M. Return-In-,
leave CorvallU Monday. Wedneidajs aaJ
Friday at 8:00 A. M.
Steamer Modoc, tor Salem. Independence and
.way point. leaves Portland Mondavi. Wednes
days and Friday at 0.00 A. M. Returnlnr,
leave Independence Tuesdays. Thursdays and
Saturdays at :20 A. M.
YAMHILL RIVER ROUTE.
PORTLAND AND DATTON. OR.
Steamer Elmore, for Dayton and way point.
leave Portland Tuesdays. Thursday and Sat
urdays at 7 A. M. Returning;, leave Dayton for
Portland aad way points Monday. Wednesday
and Friday ttOA.il.
SNAKE RIVER ROUTE.
RIPARIA. WASH.. AND LEWISTON. IDAHO.
Steamer Spokane or steamer Lewleton lenve
Rlparia dally at 1:20 A- M.. arrlvtcr at Lewlitoa
at 12 o'clock noon. Returning, the Spokane T
Lnvlston leaves LevrUton dally at 8:30 A. iL.
arriving at Rlpaxla same evening;.
W. H. HURLDURT.
General Patenter Agent.
V. A. SCHTLLINO. City Ticket Acenu
Telephone Main 712.
CHINA AND JAPAN. FROM PORTLAND.
In connection with THE OREGON RAILROAD
& NAVIGATION CO. Schedule, 1900 (subject to
Steamer. Due to Leive Portland.
"ADEROELDIE" March 23
"MONMOUTHSHIRE:' April 11
"ERAEMAR" May 2
For rate, accommodations, etc. apply to
DODWELL & COMPANY. Limited.
General Acenu. Portland. Or.,
To principal point In Japan and China.
THE FASTEST AND MOST
' S pjcTO
The Direct Lint to Denver, Omaha.
Kansas City and St. Louij.
Only 3 Days to Chicago,
Only 4 Days to New York and
other Principal Eastern cities
Through Pullman PnlnCv Sleepers
DlnlnK Cars (meals a In carte). nn
Free Hfclluliiz Chair Cars
Operated Daily on Fast -Mall Train
Throush ticket, to era re check and leejlof
rar accommodation can b arranced at
CITY TICKET OFFICE
133 Third Strasi Portland, Oregon
J. II. LOTHROP. OEOROE LANO.
Gen'! Ant. City Pas. & Tkt. Act.
FOR CAPE NOME
The Magnllleent Tran-PacIOc Passenger
Registered tonnage, 2ill tons; capacity,
4000 tons; passenger accommodations. 10)
first class, 900 second- class. This steam
ship has just been released from tho gov
ernment service as a. troopship, and has
every modern comfort and convenlenco and
Is the largest steamship in thn Cape Nome
Will sail from Tacoma and Seattle on or
about the 25th of May.
For rates and full Information apply to
DODWELL & CO., LTD.
Telephone. Malt. 90. 2S2 Oak Street.
Astoria & Columbia
River Railroad Co.
For sUycer. Rainier,
Ctltton. A-itorl. War-
renton. Fjavet, Ham
mond. Fort Steven.
Grarhart Park. Sc!de.
Astoria and Seashore
6:00 A. 2L
T.-00 P. M.
lltlS A. XL
Ticket office. S3 UorrUon . and Union dipot.
j. c. MATO. Gen. Pa. Act.. Alton. Or.
WHITE COLLAR LINE
COLUMBIA RIVER PUOET SOUND NAY.
PORTLAND AND ASTORIA.
BAILEY GATZERT (Alder-street dock)
Leave Portland dally every moratns at 1
o'clock, except Sunday. Returnlnr. leave As
toria every nlxht at 1 o'clock, except Sunday.
Oraeoa 'phone Main 331. Columbia 'phone 3L
U. B. SCOTT. Preildent.
CAPE NOME VIA DAWSON
NEXT SAILING, DIRIGO. APRIL 11.
The only company bavins through traffic ar-
raacements to Atlln and th Klondike. Weekly
nature from Tacoma. For full Information ap
Sly to J. L. HARTMAN. Actst. Pgrtlasd, Or.,
Chamber of Commerc.
2ffllj0. i"" '' l'c
Crtt! Fifla JBi I Streets Arrive
for Salem. Iloe
burc. Aihland. Sac
ramento. O c d n.
San Francisco. Mo
lave. Lo Ancles.
1 Paso, New Or
leans and the Eaat
(dally except Sun
day), mornlnx txala
connect with trAla
for Mt. AnceU Sll
nd Natron, an
evenlnc trIn for
Mt. Ansel and Sli
verton. Corvallls passenger
7:00 P. If.
4:30 P. M.
3:25 A. M.
Daily. Dally except Sunday.
Rebate tickets on sale between Portland. Sac
ramento and San FranclsM. -c nt it m
class and til second cLus. including iWir
Hates and tickets to Eastern points and Eu.
rope. Also JAPAN. CHINA. HONOLULU and
AUSTRALIA. Can be obtained from J. a.
KIRKLAND. Ticket Asent. 110 Third t.
Passencer Depot, foot of Jefferson- Street.
Leave for Osweeo dally at 7:20. 0:-0 A. M.1
12:30. 1:33. 3:13. 0:15. (..3. S:0S. 11:30 P. M.:
and 9.-00 A. M. en Sundays only. Arrive at
I-ortland dally at 0:33. 8:30, loaO A. M.;
1:33. 3:15. 4:ao. oio. 7:40. 100 P. M.; 12:40
A. 3L dally, except Monday. b:3d and 10:03 A.
M. on Sunday only.
Leave for Dallas dally, except S-iftday, at
4:30 P. M. Arrive at Portland at 0:30 A. M.
Passenger train leaveo. Dallas for Alrlle Mori
davs. Wednesdays and Fridays at 2:43 P. aL
Returns Tuesday. Thursdays and Saturday.
"Except , Sunday.
a IL MARKTtAM.
Gtn. Frt. Be Pass. Art.
Cause He didn't know about
Effect He got there too late.
Next tlmo ho cocs East, ha
will tako the Burlington.
The Burlington runs through
tourist elceplng cars to Kansas
City every Monday and Thurs
day. Standard sleeping cars dally,
Butte to Omaha, St. Joseph and
Glad to sell you a ticket or re
serve a berth for you.
100 3rd St., c-r.Stirt,Pr3-3l. 0::ii.
R. W. FOSTER.
GEO. S. TAYLOR.
City Passencer 'Af ent.
GO EAST VIA
ON THE FAMOUS
Chicago - Portland Special
And Travel in Luxurious Comfort
Dlnln-r Cars. Service a In Cnrte.
Llbrary-Hnffet SmoklnR Cars.
Palace and Orillnnry Slecplnic Cars.
free Ilecllnlnir Clialr Cars.
The only train runnlnc throura solid froia
Portland to Chicago. No cbance of cars. Every
car Illuminated with PIntseh gas.
Leaves 8 P. M.. Portland. Arrive 6:43 P. M.
CITY TICKET OFFICE
124 Third St. Phone Main S63
W. E. COMAN. J. R. NAQEL,
aty Tickst at.
Ticket Olflcei 1Z2 Third' St. 'Phone OS)
3:45 P. M.
The Fiver, dally to and
from St- Paul. Mlnce
polls. Duluth. Calccf
and all points East.
Throuch Palace and Tourlat Sleepers, Dlclnf
and Buffet Smoklns-LIbrary Cars.
JAPAN - AMERICAN LINE
STEAMSHIP RIOJUN MARU
For Japan. China and all Asiatic points will
About April 25th.
Yukon River Points
S. S. "OHIO," SS0O tons, after two years
ewrvlce a U. S. transport, has been released,
and will sail from Seattle for Cape Nome about
May 24. Rates First clara. J.10O and 3123;
second class. f'H. For berths, etc.. apply to
any railroad asent. or agent of the Interna
tional Navigation Co.. or to
EMPIRE TRANSPORTATION CO..
W7 First avenue, Seattle. Wash.
Pacific Coasi SteamshiD Co.
THE COMPANY'S eleeant
steamers. Cottase City, City
of Topeka and Al - Kt leas
TACOMA 11 A. M.. SEATTLB
D P. M.. April 3. 10. 13. M.
23. 30; May 5. 10. 15. 20t 23,
3; June 4. and every flf in day
thereafter. For further Infor
mation obtain comxany9folder.
The company reeres the rlcbt to Chang
steamers, sailing dates and hours of sallies.
without prelou notice.
AGENTS-N. POSTON. 249 IVashlnirtoa st
Portland. Or.: F. V.. CARLETON. N. P. R. R,
dock. Tacoma: J. F. TROWBRIIXJE. Pujet
Sound Supt.. Ocean dock. Seattle.
QOOOALU rERlUNa CO.. Geo. Acta,, aV T.
-vt LfiSafei'S.jt :
biS iaifeSfcD A..- V . .1