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About The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current | View Entire Issue (March 4, 1900)
THE SUNDAY OEEGONIAN, PORTLAND, MARCH 4, 19001
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TODAY'S WEATHER. Occasional rain, with
eouth to west winds.
PORTLAND, SUNDAY, MARCH 4.
"APPEALING TO HER BOYS.'
Many men and "women who were
echoolboys and schoolgirls thirty or
forty years ago have read In class, de
claimed at Friday afternoon "exer
cises" and listened to the declamation
of a "piece" beginning:
Our country stands with outstretched hands
Appealing to her boys;
From them must flow, through weal or woe,
Her anguish or her Joys.
The truth of the sentiment presented
In this verse was recognized then. The
statement Is not less true now, but is
It pressed upon the attention of the
Echoolboys of today with the simple
fervor that characterized its present
ment in the yesterdays of the ruling
Generation? One does not need to be a
special worker in a mission field to be
able to answer this question sadly and
tmderstandingly in the negative. It is
only necessary to pass street corners
where numbers of boys of the public
schools, Including the High School, con
gregate after dismissal, smoking cigar
ettes, chewing tobacco, making re
marks about girls and women who pass
their way, reciting some of their ex
ploits in pool-playing or telling of their
"luck" with nickel-ln-the-slot ma
chines, to enable one to form a fair
estimate of the disregard of this senti
ment in the schools Looking closer,
and yet not closely, cannot the ordi
narily observant person see in the fre
quent brutal persecution to which in
offensive Chinamen are subjected upon
our public streets the result of a fail
Tire to Impress the boys with the first
principle of justice, which is the foun
dation of reputable, responsible citizen
ship? Coming yet closer to the heart of
the state, and yet without looking with
prying yes into its homes, is not the
neglect of boys in the wholesome les
sons of manly uprightness, as embod
ied in unselfish actions and self-control,
plainly apparent? Would a Frank Mc
Daniel be a possible product of com
munity life if boys were taught to rev
erence their own bodies, and trained In
ways of decency, self-respect and re
spect for the sex to which their moth
ers belong? Certainly, those who are
acquainted with boy life in many of the
phases which it presents today are jus
tified In the belief that the country, in
"appealing to her boys" to maintain
her honor at home and her greatness
among nations when their time shall
come to gather up the reins of govern
ment, may well cast an apprehensive
glance toward the future.
The most serious phase of the matter
Is in the happy-go-lucky attitude of
the people generally toward It It is
customary to speak of boys as repro
bate in the ways of decency as a nat
ural result of the generic fact that
"they are boys"; to comment In an in
dulgent tone upon their dwarfed stat
ure (a condition exceedingly noticeable
in any congregation of boys between
the ages of 12 and 20 years) as the
result of cigarette-smoking; to refer to
the shacks, hallways and corners under
the wharves, where they assemble by
night to listen to ribald stories and
learn to smoke and drink beer, as
places for the existence of which the
police is wholly responsible; in short,
to take the fact that so many boys
walk in evil ways that dwarf their
bodies, corrupt their morals and make
boyhood a precursor of debased man
hood, as quite the thing to be expected
of them, since they are boys.
It is manifestly time for the men and
women of the ruling generation to take
, this matter seriously. The country now,
as perhaps never before, is "appealing
to her boys." It is time for her men
to hearken to the appeal and to ask
themselves what the answer is likely
to be. The large and growing percent
age of young men among the convicts
in our penal institutions; the multi
tude of boys dwarfed in stature
through cigarette-smoking; reform
schools crowded with boys from the
age of 10 to 16 years; the manifest
lack of reverence for age. and of cour
tesy toward women; the brutal exer
cise of strength against weakness
among themselves, are so significant of
neglect in the training of boys along
the higher levels of humanity that con
stitute the basic structure of honora
ble citizenship as to cause the present
ment of the country -"standing with
outstretched hands, appealing to her
boys," to be a picture, pathetic in a
dark background of apprehension.
Truly, if the country's appeal to her
boys Is to be met in due time by the
response of true manhood to its obliga
tions, the boys' appeal to the ruling
generation for the instruction which
their Inexperience demands, the oppor
tunity for direction through industrial
schools and the moral restraint of home
life and example, upon which the
wholesome development of both the
body and mind depends, must not go
Having completely covered, by the
aid of various witnesses, bank accounts
and notes of hand, the various finan
cial transactions in Montana for a term
of two years preceding and supple
menting his election, Mr. Clark now
rests his case, trusting to the Judgment
and conscience of the United States
Senate to say whether he paid too much
for the delivery of the goods, or not.
Behind the hororable Senators stand
the great American people. They have
long been conscious that seats in the
Senate come high how high they never
knew until now. It is but natural,
therefore, that they look on wondering
and ashamed, and withal not a little
anxious for the outcome of the great
case of Daly vs. Clark, or Clark vs.
Daly, or each vs, the other.
OLNEY'S ATLANTIC ARTICLE.
In Mr. Hlchard Olney's article' in the
March Atlantic appears the conserva
tive at his brightest, perhaps at his
best. He shows us the trained Intel
lect and the sound conscience, appre
hending the Present, yet clinging to the
Past; civil to the New, but loyally de
voted to the Old. Mr. Olney writes of
"the growth of our foreign policy," and
where that growth follows established
lines he welcomes it, but where it
makes wholly new departures he looks
at it askance. As the issue is shaped
In political life today, Mr. Olney would
have to be accounted an anti-imperialist.
That is, he sees no good, but only
mischief, In retention of the Philip
pines. He pokes fun at "the strenuous
life," he deprecates the larger army and
navy now Incumbent upon us, he finds
that not honor, duty or self-interest re
quired acquisition of the islands, or
now demands their retention. He says
the white laborer cannot live in the
islands, he thinks very little if any
thing of the capacity of the islands for
high civilization or for consumption of
our products. And he insists that, so
far from aiding us in our foreign poli
cies, their possession will only impede,
instead of advance, our ambition for
the open door In Asia.
Anti-Imperialist, then, as Mr. Olney
Is, he is far from the typical anti-imperialist
with whom we are familiar.
He is without Atklnsonlan mania, the
demagogy of Bryan, the blindness of
Hoar. He can see, and what he sees
he has the courage to tell. As for the
Philippines, he says, they are ours "as
much as Massachusetts or Illinois."
Whether we want them or not, they
are ours. "The thing," says Mr. Olney,
"is done." And now the only thing is
to acquit ourselves of our obligation
as creditably as possible. We must
have a navy, large and fine. We must
transform and elevate our diplomatic
service by selection of good men and
paying them well. The islands, in par
ticular, must have a large force ot
highly educated and trained adminis
trators. The navy must be supported
by naval stations and bases of supply,
and the tremendous drain on our re
sources must be met somehow. Yet the
actual possession of the Islands and
their defense for "not to maintain the
integrity of American soil everywhere
and against all comers would deserved
ly expose us to universal contempt and
derision" make of their administration
a domestic problem, not at all part of
our foreign policy, therefore irrelevant
to Mr. Olney's topic, so at length he
On the whole, however, the growth ot
our foreign policy is such as to please
Mr. Olney greatly. It advances us
among the nations, and we know from
the ex-Secretary's Venezuela letter how
dear to him is his country's glory and
honor. A hermit among the nations
once, "Uncle Sam is a hermit no longer.
He is a man among men. Introspection
gives place to -action, isolation to an
active place in world affairs, .air. ui
ney welcomes this, largely because (he
does not conceal it) in this way has
disappeared the protection ideal and
the ancient gods of the home market.
The typical anti-imperialist is small
souled enough to carp at expansion be
cause it puts the protectionists on the
defensive. He used to want free trade,
but if it is to come through McKln
ley. perdition .seize it. Mr. Olney rises
above this malignant pettiness. He Is
glad to see isolation abandoned, and he
does not despise the wagon that brings
it along. Det us make a quotation that
discovers his view of our gain in this
direction. In considering what we once
endured, he leaves us to infer what we
have now achieved. He says.
The Isolation policy and practice have tended
to belittle the national character, have ld to a
species of provincialism and narrow views of
our duties and functions as a nation.
They have caused us to Ignore the Importance
of sea power and to look with equanimity upon
the decay of our navy and the ruin of our
They have made us content with a diplomatic
service always inadequate and often positively
detrimental to our Interests.
They have Induced In the people at large an
Illiberal and unintelligent attitude toward for
eigners, constantly shown in the disparagement
of other peoples. In boastings of our own su
periority, and In a sense of complete irrespon
sibility for anything uttered or written to their
The best thing about this notable
article la its long vision. Its author is
a man who looks very far beneath the
surfact orthlngs. We are apt to think
that the Spanish war killed our policy
of isolation. Mr. Olney says tnis is a
short-sighted view. We were coming
to It anyway, he says. The home mar
ket had served Its day. We had to go
out into the world, we had to protect
our coasts, enlarge our borders, prepare
for self-assertion among the Powers.
Cuba itself was about ready to fall into
our lap, and its destiny is to be Amer
ican in name and nature. The sooner
Cuba is annexed, the better for all con
cerned. In these two changed aspects
of our Nation, Industrial and political
entrance into the family of Great Pow
ers, Mr. Olney rejoices. The new or
der will import, he says, "no decline
of patriotism, no lessening of the loy
alty justly expected of every man to
the country of his nativity or adoption.
But it will Import, if not for us, for
coming generations, a larger knowledge
of the earth and its diverse peoples; a
familiarity with problems world-wide
in their bearings; the abatement of
racial prejudices; In short, such en
larged mental and moral vision as is
ascribed to the Roman citizen In the
memorable saying that, being a man,
nothing human was foreign to him."
Mr. Olney is a man of great useful
ness and power. He Is too good to be
President. He has little if anything
In common with the Republican party's
traditions and policies, and as for his
own, it has never recovered from, the
nausea it experienced upon the discov
ers' that it had elected to the Presi
dency a man of convictions and decis
ion of character. These qualities are
too conspicuous in Mr. Olney to admit
of his being taken up unawares by the
Democracy. Perhaps the next best
thing for him is to write this useful and
suggestive article for the best of the
The strong hold that Mr. Cleveland
has upon the interest of the people was
attested both In the general conster
nation and regret with which the re
port of his low state of health was re
ceived a few days ago, and in the feel
ing of relief that was experienced upon
the announcement that the statement
was greatly exaggerated, and that, in
point of fact, the ex-President Is In
his usual health. Mr. Cleveland had
and has his political enemies, but their
enmity is of the robust kind that finds
expression. In a pronounced difference
of opinion with a man who knows his
own mind and abides by his convic
tions. 'Experience with a man who
vacillates on matters of national im
portance induces wholesome respect
for one who abides by his decisions in
a degree that renders It worth while to
differ with and if it comes to that
fight him in the political arena.
TWO KINDS OP PACIFIC TRADE. .
Details of the exports of domestic
products from Portland to foreign ports
during the .month of February, which
were printed in yesterday's Oregonlan,
present in a most favorable light the
strong position of Portland as a com
petitor for the ocean commerce of the
Pacific. Of the total exports for the
month, less than 2 per cent were prod
ucts brought from beyond the confines
of the state. This means that 98 cents
out of every dollar represented in a
foreign cargo shipped from this city
was distributed In the various channels
of trade in Oregon. This is a distinct-
Ive feature of Portland's Oriental
steamship business, which h.as made
the port to a certain extent Invincible.
So long as we can produce cargoes for
our ships without the necessity of going
east of the Rockies for them, the State
of Oregon and Portland, its metropolis,
will reap a much greater benefit than
can be derived by any port which
makes up the greater portion of its
Oriental business from cotton and
manufactured products shipped across
Exclusive of the Oregon products ex
ported from Portland in February, the
most prominent item was a shipment of
250 bales of cotton, valued at $5250. Cot
ton Is a valuable commodity, and, when
shipped in large quantities, the money
valuation rapidly reaches large propor
tions. It is this fact which has ena
bled Puget Sound ports to make a
showing in figures which, If not sub
jected to analysis, give out the impres
sion that a traffic of vast importance
is being handled. When Portland ex
ports $10,000 worth of wheat, flour, lum
ber, paper, beer, canned goods cr other
commodities which go to make up a
typical Oregon cargo, it is a certainty
that $10,000 has been distributed among
the people of the city and state. When
she exports $10,000 worth of cotton, the
city gains about $18, that being ap
proximately the sum paid the truckers
and stevedores for removing It from
the car to the steamer. Of course,
each steamer disburses a certain
amount of money for stores, fuel, etc.,
but the aggregate is insignificant in
comparison with the amount paid out
In the city and state for the cargo
which she carries.
Portland is now exporting over two
thirds of the entire wheat crop of the
Pacific Northwest. As yet the greater
portion of it goes round the Horn to
the European markets, but the trade
with the Orient, and demand for bread
stuffs from that direction, have shown
such a phenomenal gain since it first
started, about 15 years ago, that it is
apparently a matter of a few years only
until all of the wheat In the Northwest
will find a market across the Pacific.
For the first eight months of the pres
ent cereal year, 31 per cent of the total
wheat shipments from Oregon, Wash
ington and Idaho have been in the
shape of flour to the Orient. It will not
require fifteen years for a further gain
of 30 per cent, as the business has
doubled In proportions within less than
five years, and Is Increasing at the
present time faster than ever before.
The building of the Nicaragua canal
will put an end to such transconti
nental freight shipments as are now
reloaded for the trans-Pacific shipment
at Pacific Coast terminals, but nothing
can stop the growth of Portland's Ori
ental trade, for the traffic is produced
in a territory over which this city has
ANTONY AXD CLEOPATRA.
The Antony and Cleopatra that
Shakespeare drew are not Identical
with the French sketch of Antony and
Cleopatra that holds the stage today.
The "Antony and Cleopatra" of
Shakespeare Is a great tragedy; the
French coloring of Cleopatra is about
of the quality of sensational passion we
find in Hugo's "Ruy Bias." But the
"Antony and Cleopatra" of Shakes
peare is an exquisite work of art.
Shakespeare draws no women of the
quality of "Camllle." His great women
are very good, and his bad women are
intolerably bad, like Cresslda, Gonerll,
Regan. His Cleopatra Is a creature of
tiger quality in her capacity for cru
elty, for direful rage, for stealthy pur
suit. She hates and hunts like a tiger,
and, so far as she has any capacity
for love, It Is Instinct with fierceness,
not tenderness. Her capacity for ani
mal Jealousy is infinite; her capacity
for affectionate loyalty and courage Is
very small. When she takes to flight
In battle and Antony weakly follows
her, his gallant captains, more in sor
row than in anger, call him "the noble
ruin of her magic"
Shakespeare's Antony shows in a
masterly manner how fearfully a man
of great natural powers can degener
ate If he allows himself to become the
"fetch and carry" creature of an ut
terly worthless woman. In "Julius
Caesar" Antony Is the only man of
genius In the whole play after the con
temptible crowd of conspirators have
done their work. He is the most artful
and eloquent orator; the most stout
and skillful soldier. His manliness is
shown in his fine speech over the dead
body of Brutus. Had Antony fallen in
victory at Pblllppi, he would have been
one of Plutarch's most heroic men.
But when Antony walks the-stage with
Cleopatra. Shakespeare paints him from
the very first scene as one who has be
come a degenerate man. His friends
describe him as "the triple pillar of
the world become transformed Into a
strumpet's fool." His conscience Is not
utterly extinct; his soldierly sense of
shame, because of defeat made possible
by his dissipation, flames up fitfully at
times, and he sighs, 'O Rome; once
more I would be son of thine," and
then weakly whimpers, "Yet dying, I
would die upon "her. breast."
This is what Antony has" become from
the stern, stout soldier that even the
envious Octavlus confesses he saw In
war endure famine with patience, drink
the gilded puddle which beasts would
cough at, eat the roughest berry on the
rudest hedge, and browse, like a stag
In winter, on the barks of trees.
Finally he becomes a poor creature who
"kisses away kingdoms and provinces."
As he declines lower and lower In In
famy, bis old heroic spirit comes back
in flashes of self-reproach and remorse..
He murmurs, "I have offended reputa
tion, a most unno'ble swerving." And
yet, like all men, high or low. In such
condition, he cannot refrain from re
proaching Cleopatra with her responsi
bility for his base flight, even as Adam
hastened to impute his ruin to Eve.
The original power of the man rises to
his lips when he says:
But when we In our vlclousness grow hard
O misery onat!--the wis gods seel our eyes;
In our own filth drop our clear judgments,
Adore our errors; laugh at's, while we strut
To our confusion.
Antony's farewell to his armor is
Bruised pieces go:
Tou have been nobly borne.
Cleopatra, when Antony is dead, dies
with so much dignity that "nothing In
her life so became her as the leaving
Cleopatra does not "hypnotize" An
tony, but Antony tempts Cleopatra to
risk her throne for him, and when she
lost It because Antony had not the
skill or the prudence or the luck to de
fend it, it Is Cleopatra that thinks life
no longer worth living, and applies the
asp to her bosom, where had so long
been pillowed the head of Antony. The
art and skill of Shakespeare are shown
I to- the highest advantage in this great
pla fQr whUe ym fegl tn&t cleopatra
had a tiger's heart wrapped in a
woman's hide and that Antony had
dropped from the level of a hero to that
of a reveler, a glutton and a gross sen-
suallst, nevertheless Shakespeare plays
them off so completely against each
other that we feel, so far as either of
them were capable of loving anybody,
they loved each other, and cold-blooded
Octavlus was for a moment noble
minded when he said:
She shall be burled by her Antony:
No grave upon the earth shall clip In It
A pair so famous.
Caesar was right; there was a flash
of fine spirit in Cleopatra's confession
over Antony's dead body that "the dull
world In his absence was no better
than a sty; that there Is nothing left
remarkable beneath the visiting moon."
A XEAF FROM THE PAST.
The presence 'In this city of Miss
Kate W. Armstrong, born and bred a
missionary in British Burmah, recalls
the fact that Baptist missionaries
have been laboring in that far section
of the "moral vineyard" for the greater
part of the century. The work of the
Judsons In Rangoon, Calcutta and Am
herst was set forth fifty years or more
ago. In a llttle-.book called "The Jud
son Offering," and the zealous labors
of Rev. Adonlram Judson and his three
wives in that distant field are a sacred
legacy to the denomination that kept
them many years In the field. The first
wife, Ann H. Judson, died at her post,
and was buried at Amherst; the sec
ond, Sarah B., died at sea on a home
ward voyage, taken In the hope of re
storing her shattered health, and was
burled on the island of St. Helena; and
the third, Emily C, returned to her
home In New England after the death,
from nervous collapse, of her husband,
broken In health and spirit, to die a
few years later of consumption. The
interest that attached to these early
missionaries and their work was wide
spread, and it yet revives In some de
gree at the mention of their names.
The visit of Miss Armstrong, who
was born in the. mission field of Bur
mah, recalls the existence of another
woman born in the same field more
than seventy years ago Miss Abby
Judson, daughter of Dr. and Sarah B.
Judson. Miss Judson was educated In
the United States, being en route for
that purpose with her parents when
her mother died. She did not return
to her native land as a missionary,
but engaged In educational work In
this country, in connection with church
institutions, for some years. Finally,
becoming a convert to spiritualism, she
withdrew from educational work along
orthodox lines and became a writer of
books and lectures on spiritualistic
phenomena and philosophy. Some of
her writings had wide vogue, and all
were characterized by the gentle,
Christian spirit that was her heritage
from self-sacrificing parents, fostered,
no doubt, by her early training. She is
still living, though In seclusion-, having
become partially blind and unable to
pursue her literary work. Her life has
been a most peculiar one, covering a
much wider range than that of years,
Its expression throughout, though sin
gularly variant, bearing In all of Its
phases the stamp of conscientiousness
and of truth, as it appealed to her un
derstanding. Even thrlftlessness and waste that
find expression in bad roads discover
In this generous age people who render
gentle excuses for them. Thus It is
said that America's railroad system Is
so complete, that, by comparison with
those of the Old World, its highways'
have been "rather neglected." It Is
added, however, in a most hopeful
spirit that influences are now at work
which promise to effect great changes.
Among these is the use of rubber tires
upon bicycles, the automobile and fam
ily carriages. There is shrewdness of
observation in this estimate, but after
all the basis of good roads In any dis
trict is the determination of thrifty
people to have them. Soft tires and
broad tires encourage this determina
tion, since they promise that the roads
when once constructed will not be sub
jected to needless wear and tear in the
common course of traffic. It is. In ef
fect, the same as the decree of the
country housewife, who banishes hob
nails from the shoes of her men folk
when a new carpet is laid on the. floor
of the sitting-room.
It is only necessary to scratch the
cuticle of the civilized warrior to find
the savage. Witness the report of the
"British punitive expedition" sent out
from Rangoon, British Burmah, to
avenge the murder, a few weeks ago,
of two British commissioners engaged
In marking the Burmo-Chlnese bound
ary. A group of villages implicated In
the affair, containing some 2000 houses,
has been burned to the ground, and
sixty of the villagers were killed. Of
course, it is folly to contend that jus
tice is done in a case of this kind, or
that any discrimination worthy of the
name was used. The act was simply
an exemplification of the old rule of
savage reprisal, viz: "If you can't kill
the right one, kill any; only be sure
and kill enough."
The Kearsarge went into commission
on the 20th, ult, four years and one
month after the contract for her con
struction was signed. The modern
navy represents swiftness, but not of
construction. The work on the Kear
sarge was pushed vigorously and with
out intermission to its finish, and the
result is a magnificent battle-ship,
which is not less a thing of growth
than of art, embodying in its detail and
equipment many things that represent
the afterthought In naval architecture
as demonstrated by the actual test of
war. Working Its way along lines of
Invention and of test, slowly, consider
ately, yet withal so vigorously, the
modern battle-ship Is no Jonah's gourd
in creation, but a miracle of carefully
directed human skill, patience and labor.
Two passenger steamships "are
aground In Gedney channel. New
York harbor. Gedney channel Is the
main,. thoroughfare through which all
of New York's great ocean commerce
passes, and accidents similar to these
are of frequent occurrence. According
to the theory of some of the nuisances
at Astoria who are having so much to
say about the grounding of the St.
Irene In the Willamette, New York
should now go out of business as a
seaport, but she will not, and neither
A few expressions" like that of ex
President Harrison may yet have a
good effect on Congress In the Puerto
Rican matter. The House bill Mr. Har
rison has no hesitation In characteriz
ing as "a most serious departure from
right principles." There ought to be
enough sense and conscience In the
Senate to send a just bill to conference
and to prevail there. It has only to
show the determination shown on the
financial reform bill.
It seems but Just to say that at least
one stanza of the "Recessional" might
with great propriety and wholesome
effect be sung in all the churches of
the United Kingdom today, viz:
If drunk with sight of power we loose
Wild tongues that have not Thee In awe;
Such boastings as the Gentlleo use,
Or lesser breeds, without the law.
Lord God of Hosts, be with us yet.
Lest we forget, lest we forget.
The foreign demand for American
handiwork Is developing at an astonish
ing rate. Witness the showing that ex
ports of manufactures from the United
States were nearly $10,000,000 greater in
value in January of this year than in
the corresponding month of 1S99.
The statement that the "per capita"
In theOnlted States Is just $25 Is said
to provoke a smile In Montana, where,
according to the most veracious testi
mony, it is at least $2500 during a sena
Portents anil Prospects In the State
New York Evening Post.
A prominent Republican of Indiana,
early in the present winter, expressed
the opinion that Eastern members of the
party wero mistaken In counting that state
as sure for McKInley this year. He re
called the fact that It went for Harrison
In 1SS8. and then rejected Us "favor.te
aon" In 1S92, when the country was far
more prosperous, and he made It plain that
his party would have to make a harder
light to retain the state In 1900 than to
carry it in 1S96. This opinion was ex
presseo t :crf Congress had taken any
action. The tono of the Indiana press
toward the cn.se of winter emphasizes
the warning. The Indianapolis News, the
influential Independent newspaper at the
capital, which supported McKInley In 1KJS,
and which still opposes Bryanlsm, 13
greatly disturbed over the outlook.
In considering what the News says. It
must be remembered that It speaks with
entire Independence, and with a strong de
sire to avert the danger of Bryan's carry
ing Indiana and the country. It "re
minds our Republican friends that the
coming campaign Is going to be no mere
one-lsaue affair." It tells them that "they
will be attacked, and with visor, along
several lines : It points out that "trusts
will cut a large figure, and an attempt
will be made to hold the Republlran party
responsible for the remarkable develop
ment of these great organizations"; It
adm'.ts that the action of the Senate in
Incorporating a bimetallic declaration in
the currency bill "will have a depressing
effect on some of the sound-money people,"
and declares that this "action Is regarded
as a piece of cowardice and cowardice
never helps a political party with the
people"; It recalls the fact that "tho
action of the President in removing thou
sands of places from the classified service
has angered the civil-service reformers":
and It says that "on top of it all are tho
many and grave problems growing out of
the Spanish war." The News clinched Its
argument by an earnest protest against
loading the shipping subsidy bill upon the
already heavily burdened party, saying on
Why should the party, especially in the West,
be compelled to defend a law taxing the fanners
for the benefit of the shipbuilders and ship
owners? The anti-trust argument could be pow
erfully enforced by denunciations ot this ship-
subsidy bill. The Democrats would certainly
make the most of It and they would have a
good case. Their orators would ask how the
teople could expect relief from the trusts, at
the hands of a party which had voted millions
of dollars of the people'o money to enrich a
private Industry. Seriously, therefore, we In
sist that the bill should net pass. It Is a bad
IMPERIALISM IX PUERTO RICO,
Tho true .and unanswerable argument
against the Puerto Rican tariff bill Is
that, while It Is fully within the power of
Congress to pass such a law, It will not be.
fair, humane, or politically expedient to
do so. A platform of starvation for the
Island that came to us with smiling face
and open hands will b a sorry Republican
rallying cry In the coming campaign.
New York Sun (Ind. and Expansion).
Expansion Should Mcnn Generosity.
Generous treatment of the Islanders Is In
volved In expansion. If wo are unwilling
to treat them well we ought never to have
accepted tho transfer of their allegiance.
Mllwaukeo Sentinel (Expansion Rep.).
Mcnnncss, Cruelty and Perfidy.
The Ways and Means Committee has re
ported, and Is trying to "Jam through" a
measure of meanness, cruelty and perfidy
to tho Inhabitants of Puerto Rico. New
York Times (Ind. Dem. and Expansion).
The Moral Standard at StaUe.
Free trade with Puerto Rico should be
established by Congress. Otherwise, our
action may fall below that moral standard
which makes governments tolerable and
constitutions respectable. Brooklyn Eagle
(Ind. Dem. and Expansion).
A Question of Dolnc Justice.
It Is not a party question; It Is not a
question of protecting anybody. But it Is
a question of doing justice to the Puerto
Ricans. and of departing as little as possi
ble from American precedents. Indianap
olis News (Ind. and Expansion).
"We Cannot Break Our Pledfires.
Tho Republican party should take higher
ground than that of present political ex
pediency. No petty, opportunism can ex
cuse tho violation of the Constitution or
the breaking of our pledge to the Puerto
Ricans. Chicago" Inter Ocean (Expansion
What the Question Now Is.
The question now is, whether the Repub
lican managers in Congress are going to
yield to tho measureless rapacity of a
few protected Interests In the face of -what
the President calls "our plain duty," and
the clearest requirements of good policy,
humanity and good faith. Philadelphia
Ledger (Ind. Rep.).
Protectionist Theories vs. Dntyv
The protectionists are called on to decide
between adherence to their theories and
the duty which this country owes to Its
new possessions. The islands certainly
would profit from free trade with the
States, and they have a right to demand
a tariff policy which will benefit them.
Kansas City Star (Ind. and Expansion).
Trusts at the Party's Throat.
I think It Is both' generous and politic to
assimilate our tariff with that of Puerto
Rico. I do not, however, think that we
are constitutionally bound to do this. It
Is In equity. Justice and policy that we as
similate our tariff with that of the Island.
Should the present Congress adopt a tariff
for Puerto Rico against the recommendations-of
the Commissioner and President.
and against every man's sense ot Justice
and generosity, the orators of the Democ
racy can say with truth during the next
campaign that the trusts went down to
Washington and grappled the Republican
party by the throat and made Jt choke to
their advantage. President Schurman, of
Onr Duty to Puerto Rico.
Since the cession Puerto Rico has been
denied the principal markets she had long
enjoyed, and our tariffs have been con
tinued against her products as when sho
was under Spanish sovereignty. The mar
kets of Spain are closed to her products
except upon terms to which the commerce
of all nations Is subjected. The Island of
Cuba, which used to buy her cattle and
tobacco without customs duties, now im
poses tho same duties upon these products
as from any other country entering her
ports. She has, therefore, lost her freo
Intercourse with Spain and Cuba without
any compensating benefits In this market.
Her coffee was little known and not In
use by our people, and, therefore, there
was no demand here for this, one of her
chief products. The markets of the United
States should be opened up to her prod
ucts. Our plain duty Is to abolish all
customs tariffs between the United States
and Puerto Rico, and give her products
free access to our markets. President Mc
Kinley's Message to Congress.
PORTLAND, Or., March 3. (To the Edi
tor.) Will you please answer these ques
tions? Is Cronje a citizen of the Orange
Free State or Transvaal Republic? Did
Joubert or Cronje command the forces
that captured the Jameson raiders?
General Cronje Is, like General Joubert.
a citizen of the Transvaal, and Is a vet
eran soldier, who has fought In every war
In which tho Transvaal has been engaged
during the last 40 years. He Is known as
"The Lion of the Transvaal," and he com
manded the forces that captured the Jame
son raiders, about the first week of Janu
ary, ISM. When the Boers declared war
their first act was to send General Joubert
through tho Drakenberg mountain passes
Into Natal, while General Cronje moved
against Mafeklng and Klmberley.
s o -Tastes
New York Weekly.
Mrs. Splnks Yes, I wish to hire a ser
vant girl. Do you like dogs?
Applicant No, Mum.
Mrs. Splnks Then you won't do.
Applicant Iease, Mum, when I told
Mr. Splnks I hated dogs and 'ud like
to klil them, every one, he said I'd Just
"Does your husband's sprained ankle
trouble him any more?"
"Yes; he gets a dreadful pain In It
whenever I want him to make evening
calls with me."
The Gains of Protection.
The fellow who runs a gambling estab
lishment realizes that If you take care of
the "coppers" tho dollars will take care
Ccorgc's Clever Guess.
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
"What Is phonetic spelling, George?"
"Why, It's spelling It's spelling that
comes over the 'phone, of course!"
It Is a peculiarity of the culture of wild
oats that the harrowing part of It comes
at harvest, rather than seed time.
The Pipes at Lucknow.
J. G. Whittler.
Pride of the misty moorlands.
Voice of the glens and hills;
The droning of tho torrents.
The treble of the rills
Not the braes of bloom, and heather.
Nor the mountains dark with rain,
Nor maiden bower, nor border tower,
Have heard your sweetest strain.
Dear to the Lowland reaper.
And plalded mountaineer
To ,the cottage and the castlo
The Scottish pipes are dear;
Sweet sounds the ancient pibroch
O'er mountain, loch and glade;
But the sweetest of all music
The pipes at Lucknow played.
Day by day the Indian tiger
Louder yelled, and nearer crept;
Round and round the jungle serpent
Near and nearer circle swept.
"Pray for rescue, wives and mothers
Pray today!" tha soldier said;
"Tomorrow, death's between us
And the wrong and shame we dread."
Oh. they listened, looked and waited.
Till their hope became despair;
And the sobs of low bewailing
Filled the pauajs of their praytr.
Then up spake a Scottish maiden.
With her ear unto the ground:
"Dlnna ye hear It? dlnna ye hear It?
The pipes o' Havelock sound1."
Hushed the wounded man his groaning;
Hushed the wife her little ones;
Alone they heard the drum-roll
And the roar of Sepoy guns.
But to sounds of home and childhood
The Highland ear was true;
As her mother's cradle-crooning
The mountain pipes she know.
Like the march of soundlca3 music
Through the vision of the tecr.
More of feeling than of hearing.
Of the heart than of the ar.
She knew the droning- pibroch.
She knew the Campbell's call:
"Hark! hear ye no MacGregor's.
The grandest o" them all!"
Oh. thay listened, dumb nnd breathless
And they caught the round at last;
Faint and far beyond the Goomtee
Rose and fell tho piper's b'ast!
Then a burst of wild thanksgiving
Mingled woman's voice and man's;
"God be praised! the march of Havelockl
The piping of the clans!"
Louder, nearer, fierce as vengeance,
Sharp and shrill as swords at strife.
Came the wild MacGregor's clan-call.
Stinging all the air to life.
But, when the far-off duet-cloud
To plalded legions grew,
Full tenderly and bllthwomely
The pipes of rescue blew!
Round the silver domes of lucknow,
Moslem mosque and Pagan shrine.
Breathed the air to Britons dearest.
The air of "Auld Lang Syne."
O'er the cruel roll of war-drums
Rose that sweet and homelike strain;
And the tartan clove the turban,
As the Goomtee cleaveo the plain.
Dear to the corn-land reaper
And plalded mountaineer
To the cottage and the castle
The piper's song Is dear.
Sweet sounds the Gaelic pibroch
O'er mountain, glen and glade;
Butthe sweetest of alt music .t t
The Pipes at Lucknow played!
MASTERPIECES OF LITERATURE-HI
Milton's Noble .Elegiac Poem "Lycidas",
Yet once more. O ye laurels, and once more.
Ye myrtles brown, with Ivy never sere,
I come, to pluck your berries harsh and crude.
And with forced fingers rude
Shatter your leaves befor he mellowing year.
Bitter constraint and sad occasion dear
Compel me to disturb your seat -a. due:
For Lycldoe is dead, dead ere his prime.
Young Lycldas. and hath not left his peer:
"Who would not sing for Lycldas? He knew.
Himself to sing, and build the lofty rhyme.
He must not float upon his wntery bier
Unwept, and welter to the parching wind
"Without the meed of me melodious tear.
Begin then, sisters of the sacred well
That from beneath the seat of Jove doth spring
Begin, and somewhat loudly sweep the string!
Hence with denial vain, and coy excuse:
So may some gentle muse
"With lucky words favor my destined urn.
And as he passes, turn.
And bid fair peace be to my sable shroud.
For we were nursed upon the self-same hill.
Fed the same flock, by fountain, shade and rill.
Together both, ere the high lawro appeared
Under the opening eyelids or the morn.
"We drove afleld, and both together heard
"What time the gray-fly winds her sultry horn.
Battening our flocks with the fresh dewa of
Oft till tho star that rose at evening bright
Toward heaven's descent had sloped his wester-
Meanwhile the rural ditties were not mute.
Tempered to the oaten flute:
Rough satyrs danced, and fauns with cloven heel
From the glad sound would not be absent long:
And old Damoetas loved to hear our song.
But. oh! the heavy change, now thou art gone.
Now thou art gone and never must return!
Thee, shepherd, thee th woods, and desert
"With wild thyme and the gadding vino o-'er-
And all their echoes, motirn:
Tho willows and the hazel cop3es green
Shall now no more be seen
Fanning their Joyoua leaves to thy soft lays.
As killing as the canker to the rose.
Or taint-worm to the weanling herds that graze.
Or frost to flowers that their gay wardrobe wear
"When first the whlte-thom blows:
Such, Lycldas, thy loss to shepherd's ear.
"Where- were ye. Nymphs, when the remorseless
Closed o'er the head of your loved Lycldas?
For neither were ye playing on the steep
"Where your old bards, the famous Druids, lie.
Nor on the shaggy top of Mona high.
Nor yet where Deva spreads her wizard stream
Ah me! I fondly dream.
Had ye been there: for what could that havs
"What could the Muse herself that Orpheus bore.
The Muse herself, for her enchanting son
"Whom universal nature did lament,
"When by the rout that made the hideous roar
His gory visage down the stream was sent.
Down the swift Hebrus to the Lesbian shore?
Alas! what boots it with incessant care
To tend the homely, slighted, shepherd's trade,
And strictly meditate the thankless Muse?
"Were It not better done, as othera use.
To sport with Amaryllis in the shade.
Or with the tangles of Neaera'3 hair?
Fame Is the spur that the clear spirit doth
(That last Infirmity of noble minds)
To scorn delights and live laborious days:
But the fair guerdon when we hope to find.
And think to burst out into sudden blaze.
Comes the blind Fury with the abhorred shear3
And silts tho thin-spun life. "But not tho
Phoebus replied, and touched my trembling ears;
"Fame Is no plant that grows on mortal soil.
Nor In the glistening foil
Set oft to the world, nor In broad rumor lies.
But lives and spreads aloft by those pure eyes
And perfect witness of all-Judging Jove:
As he pronounces lastly on each deed.
Of eo much fame In heaven except thy meed."
O fountain Arethuse, and thou honored flood.
Smooth-sliding Mlncius, crowned with vocal
That strain I heard was of a higher mood:
But now my oat proceeas.
And listens to the herald of the sea
That came In Neptune's plea;
He asked the waves, and asked the felon winds.
What hard mlshaa hath doomed this gentle
And questioned every gust, of rugged wings.
That blows from off aoh- Tboaked-Dromontory:
They knew not of his story: " L
And sage Hlppotades their answer brings.
That not a blast was from his dungeon strayed.
The air was calm, and on the level brine
Sleek Panope with all her sisters played.
It was that fatal and perfidious bark.
Built In the eclipse, and rigged with curses
That sunk so low that sacred had of thine.
Next, Camus, reverend sire, went footing slow,
His mantle hairy, and his bonnet eeCLge
Inwrought with figures dim and on the edge
Like to that sanguine flower Inscribed with woe.
"Ah! who hath reft," quoth he, "my dearest
Last came, and last did go.
The pilot of the Galilean lake.
Two massy keys he bore, of metals twain.
The golden opes, the Iron shuts amain.
He shook his mitred locks, and stern bespake;
"How well could I have spared for thee, young
Know of such as, for their bellies' sake.
Creep, and intrude, and climb Into the fold!
Of other care they little reckoning make
Than how to scramble at the shearers' feast
And shove away the worthy bidden guest;
Bund mouths! that scarce themselves know how
A sheep-hook, or have Jearned aught else the
That to the faithful herdsman's art belongs!
What recks it them? What need they? They
And. when they list, their lean and flashy songs
Grate on their scrannel pipes of wretched straw:
The hungry sheep look up, and are not fed.
But, swoln with wind and the rank mist they
Rot Inwardly, and foul contagion spread;
Besides what the grim wolf, with privy paw.
Daily devours apace, and nothing said:
But that two-handed engine ac the door
Stands ready to smite once, end smite no more."
Return. Alpheus, the dread voice is past.
That shrunk thy streams; return. Sicilian Muss,
And call, the valep. and bid them hither cast
Their bells and flowerets of a thousand hues.
Ye valleys low. where the mild whispers use
Of shades, and wanton winds, and gushin
On whose fresh lap the swart star sparely looks.
Throw hither all J our quaint enameled eyes
That on the green turf suck the honeyed show
ers. And purplo all the ground with vernal flowers.
Bring the rathe primrose that forsaken dies.
The tufted crow-toe. and pale Jessamine,
The white pink, and the pansy freaked with Jet,
The glowing violet.
The musk rose, and the well-attired woodbine.
With cowslips wan that hang the pensive head.
And every flower that sad embroidery wears;
Bid amaranthus all his beauty shed.
And daffodillies fill their cups with tears.
To strew the laureate hearse where Lycld lies.
For so. to interpose a little ease.
Let our frail thoughts dally with false surmise:
Ah me! whilst thee the shores and sounding seas
Wash far away, where'er thy bones are hurled.
Whether beyond the stormy Hebrides.
Where thou, perhaps under the whelming tide,
Vlslt3t the bottom of the monstrous world;
Or whether thou, to our moist vows denied,
Sleep'st by the fable of Bellerus old.
Where the great vision of the guarded mount
Looks toward Namancos and Bayona's hold:
Look homeward, angel, now, and melt with
And, O ye dolphins, waft the hapless youth.
Weep no more, woeful shepherds, weep no more.
For Lycldas, your sorrow. Is not dead,
Sunk though he be beneath the watery floor.
So sinks the day-star In the ocean-bed.
And yet anon repairs his drooping head.
And tricks his beams, and, with new-spangled
Flames In the forehead of the morning sky:
So Lycldas sunk low, but mounted high,
Through the dear might of Him that walked
Where, other groves and other streams along.
With nectar pure his oozy locks he laves,
And hears the unexpressive nuptial song
In the blest kingdoms meek of Joy and love.
There entertain him all the saints above,
In solemn troops and sweet societies
That sing, and, singing, in their glory move.
And wipe the tears forever from his eyes.
Now, Lycldas, the shepherds weep no more;
Henceforth thou art the genius of the shore
In thy large recompense, and shalt be good
To all that wander in that perilous flood.
Thos sang the uncouth swain to the oaks and
While the still morn went out with sandals
He touched the tender stops of various quills.
With eager thought warbling his Doric lay:
And now the sun had stretched out all the hills,
And now was dropt Into the western bay:
At last he rose, and twitched his mantle blu;
I Tomorrow to fresh woods and pastures new.