The Sunday Oregonian. (Portland, Ore.) 1881-current, January 06, 1895, Image 1

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    Uiiiiiii Jinn t
PAGES 1 TO 8 ?
iiihii i i i i i An
Following the Action of Germany,
It Causes Much Concern.
They Met in Conference Yesterday,
but Adjourned Without Adopt
ing Any Line of Policy.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5. The protest of
Austria against the American discriminat
ing duty of sugar, supplementing, as it
3oc3. similar action by Germany, is giv
ing the administration grave concern. An
e Hence of this was a conference today,
lacung about an hour, between Secretary
Gresham, Secretary Carlisle and Attorney
General Olney. Sir. Gresham is concerned
in the subject from a diplomatic point;
Sir Carlisle Is interested in the effect of
possible retaliation upon the revenues of
the government, and upon Attorney-General
Olney devolves the duty of giving an
opinion of the legality of the proposed
nv cment of the government. The Aus
trian minister undertakes to show, in the
Ilrst place, that the imposition of the dif
ferential duty of one-tenth of one cent
per pound on Austrian sugar is. in viola
tion of article 3 of the treaty of 1829, be
tween the United States and Austria
Hungary. It is asserted that the exchange
of notes preceding the reciprocity agree
ment under the McKinley act has estab
lished a basis of commercial relations, and
That Austria-Hungary conceded to the
I'm led States the same reduction of du
ties that it granted to other countries,
under what is known as the most favored
nation clause. The Austrian minister also
shows that the assessment of a bounty
Upon sugar produced in Austria is not the
r'act of the imperial government, but en
tirely a provincial affair, and so corre
sponds to the independent action of any of
ovr states. Inasmuch as the bounty sys
tem of Austria differs from Germany, it
was contented that the same construc
tion which put the differential tariff on
German sugar did not apply to Austrian
sugar. But when this question came for
mally before Secretary Carlisle, upon an
Inquiry from the collector of customs at
Baltimore, the secretary disposed of the
contention in the words of a letter, dated
August last, as follows:
"The department Is in receipt of your
letter of the 18th inst. In which you re
quest to be informed which foreign coun
tries grant direct or Indirect bounty on
eugar. In reply I have to state that Ger
many and Austria-Hungary grant by law
direct bounties on sugar, and that under
the operations of the laws of France, Bel
glum, Denmark and the Netherlands, pro
liding for remission of the Internal rev
enue taxes on beet sugar in the produc
tion of exported sugar, indirect bounties
may apparently be earned by the export
ers." v n
This letter not only disposed of Ger
many and Austria, but held subject to ad
ditional taste nnsugarB-JComing .ironi
four other European countries. It may be
more than a coincidence that each of these
four countries has begun the application
of restrictions upon the importation of
American cattle or other food products.
The whole situation is made more grave
by the belief, which is entertained by the
administration, that it Is well-nigh hope
less to appeal to congress for aid. If It
Is finally held by the administration that
the sugar duty is a discrimination duty,
thore will probably be another appeal to
congress to repeal it, but if It Is held to
be a fair tax and not In contravention of
the favored nation clause, the case prob
ably will be one requiring simple execu
tive action.
The figures collected by the treasury
Ucpartment bearing upon this subject
phow that during the past fiscal year the
imports of beet-root sugar into the United
States from Europe amounted in value to
$13,731,000. distributed as follows:
Germany $11.0G3,O0f
Buglum 2,377,000
Austria 1.412.7U3
France 422.000
The Netherlands 33S.70U
All of this sugar came into the United
States last year duty free, and it is con
tended that the effect of the differential
of one-tenth of one per cent per pound,
in addition to the duty of 40 per cent
leled on all sugar, will be to prohibit the
There are, it Is learned, other disturb
ing elements entering into our relation
with continental European powers, which
intil recently have had the effect to stim
i late the retaliatory policy ndopted by
them. One of these discussed at this
learning's conference was the status of
the agents of this government stationed
In Europe to carry out the quarantine
laws hen there seemed to be great dan
ger of the introduction of cholera into
the United States last summer. Medical
officers were placed at the principal
European ports, and under the terms of
th- act of 1S98, they were required to
i '.akc sure that the vessels cleared for
the United States were free from all
traces cf disease. The French govern
ment protested against the presence of
cur medical representatives. The Ger
nans did not go so far at that time, but
they resented the operations on their soil
tf agents of foreign governments, not
i lothed w ith diplomatic power. In the end
they protested strongly and have gone
eo far as to intimate that if the provis
ions of the pending legislation, which
c-rtemplates a still further extension of
tha inspection of immigrants principle is
arrled out, they will not permit them
to orerate. As this threat was to ab-
w!tely nullify any effort that the United
Stat., s government may make to exclude
i "I'srants of the most dangerous class
-i 1 also to expose the people of the
United States to infection from cholera,
t. e matter is regarded as full of gravity.
It fa t, the turn affairs have taken makes
It cvlunt that our relations with conli
netal Europe are likely to be entirely
b yond executive control If we once recog
: re the rights of these countries to dic
tate in matters of legislation.
The coherence did rot result in adopt
ing any line of policy, and it is believed
tre president will feel obliged to lay the
matter before congress in a special mes
cre to supplement the efforts of the
administration in congress to pass the
s.gar repeal hill now pending. It may be
seated, however, that not all of the mem
1 rs of the cabiiw are confident that the
cractraent of this measure will afford the
rc'Ief hoped for. and In some quarters
th-re Is an abiding belief that the real
v.!5ect of the European combine is to
tr-ak down the entire sugar schedule and
f -re free sugar as the price for the ad-r-.
n of American food products.
Tcl'er. who was the smwial rhamnln
aate of the late W. McGarrahan j
". effort to establish his claim to the j
I -" - o Grande grant In California, says
r c v. m not ooattnue his labors in behalf of
21 jcrrahan's heirs. He added:
i t-jpported Mr. MwGarr&han because
I 1c1 ee an injustice had been done him
. r.ot because of the money Involved.
II v -rranaa took that position himself.
and when money was offered he refused
to compromise. Xow that his heirs have
taken up the contest, they have done so
for the sake of the property which is sup
posed to be involved, and not for the es
tablishment of a principle."
The bill. It may be stated, has passed
the senate and has been favorably report
ed from the committee in the house. It
merely provides for submitting McGar
rahan's claims to the court of private land
Assistant Attorney-General Whitney to
day gave notice of a motion that he will
submit, Monday next, in the equity court
of the District of Columbia. Judge "Wag
ner presiding, to advance the hearing of
the case of J. C. Moore vs. J. S. Miller,
commissioner of internal revenue, seek
ing to prevent the collection of the in
come tax.
Mint Director Preston has contracted
with the government of Ecuador to strike
off $500,000 in 20-cent pieces. The bullion is
furnished by Ecuador, which also pays
the expense of the mintage. The work
will be done at the Philadelphia mint
The law permits thi3 courtesy to foreign
Action Taken by Livcstockmen.
CHICAGO, Jan. 5. The executive com
mittee of the National Livestock Ex
change, representing exchanges at South
Omaha, Sioux City, St. Louis, East St.
Louis, Kansas City, Fort Worth, St. Jos
eph and Chicago, held a meeting today at
the Chicago Livestock Exchange. Twenty
five aclegates -were presented with a state
ment of congressional legislation which
had caused the retaliation on the part of
European countries. A committee was ap
pointed to go to Washington and use
all honorable means to have the foreign
embargo removed by favorable legislation
or otherwise.
Sixty Young Men Killed and Their
Bodies Thrown Into n. "Well.
LONDON, Jan. 5. Professor Minas T.
Cheras, editor of the Armenia, and pro
fessor of Armenian at the university of
London, has received the following ad
vices from Armenian sources:
The number of women and children who
were cut down by sabers or bayoneted
in 11 villages of the Sassoun district was
750. It is now proven that the people
from the Sassoun district, who during the
retreat to Mount Andoka, fought brave
ly for 19 days, and who gave themselves
up to the enemy on August 27, were de
ceived by the proclamation of Zekki
Pasha, promising them amnesty. The
Turks then outraged the women and
starved and tortured them for three days.
Sixty young men were finally killed by
the sword, and their bodies were thrown
Into a well. The villages of Shenlk and
Gleigouzan have been burned to ashes
with their four churches. Thirty-three
other villages have been sacked and de
stroyed. Khakoko, mayor of Agphi; his
brother, Hebo; their sons; a priest named
Bagrlel Hourich; the archimandrite of
Varlan, Monsignore Dlchlan; Priest Dola
ber, of Shenlk, and five companions; the
mayor of he village of Geigo Movsien
and numbers of mountaineers have been
killed. More than 1000 have been wounded
anil 23 prisoners have been taken.
ZsWci-Pasha, commander ofr the Fourth
army corps, had given to him by the sul
tan" the medal of husbandry. Chendi, a
Kurdish brigand of Poghahazekesen, or
dered an Armenian named Apcar to be
killed for protesting against Chendl's mis
deeds. The Kurds have assassinated two
Armenians at Daghvergan.
Additional Horrors From Snssonn,
In Armenia.
BOSTON, Jan. 5. A letter from Athens,
dated December 10, from an Armenian
native of Sassoun, the scat of the recent
massacre, says that everybody knows
that the orders for the recent massacie
of Armenians were given by the direct
councillors of the sultan. The letter, con
tinuing, says:
There is hardly a man alive in Sassoun.
Men. women and children have been sacri
ficedby the Turkish soldiers. Of the 25
houses which made up the village of
Varfeniss. only 35 are left standing. In
the village of Semal, many inhabitants
were put to death. The minister of that
village, with the sacred chalice in his
hands, was bound to a donkey and he
and the animal shot to death. The great
est hoiTor was in the village of Gely Guse,
which was set on fire and totally de
stroyed, while the inhabitants were asleep,
all perishing. The village of Shcnig suf
fered a similar fate. The Turkish soldiers
invaded the village of Konlc, gathered all
of the women in a church, and then de
filed and slew them.
Armenians Well Coxed for by the
Ottoman Government,
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5. The Turkish
legation tonight received the following
official telegram from Consttntinopl.
concerning the treatment of Armenians
"Certain newspapers, speaking of the
Sassoun incident, heve maintained lately
that the number of Armenians in Turkey
reaches millions, and that they are badly
treated. Both assertions are absolutely
false. According to most reliable statis
tics, the Armenians living in Turkev are
a little over 000,000. of whom 100,000 are
established in Constantinople itself. Those
Armenians who reside in the provinces are
scattered all over the country, so that
nowhere do they constitute the majority
of the population. The fact, acknowl
edged even by Turkey's detractors, that
the Ottoman Armenians have schools
and literature, not only proves that they
are not exposed to vexatious treatment,
but, on the contrary, that the Turkish
government favors their institutions,
wishes them to preserve their language
end nationality, and has secured their
well being."
There "Were Xo Corpse..
LONDON, Jan. 5. The story which has
been thrilling the world for some time past
of the wife of the Armenian leader Grego,
who. rather than suffer dishonor at the
hands of her Turkish persecutors, threw
herself with her child in her arms over an
abyss, and was followed by other women
until the ravine was filled with corpses,
has been exploded.
They Were Perfect Doubles.
SPRINGFIELD. O., Jan. 5. In the pro
bate court yesterday Mrs. Emma Ander
son, charged with insanity, -was dismissed.
She has been claiming that the Rev. J.
C Taylor, pastor of the Second Baptist
church, is her husband, and that he left
her in 1SSI. In court Mr. Taylor pro
duced documentary and oral evidence
proving the woman's claim to be untrue.
Mrs. Anderson has an old photo of her
husband, which, barring disparity of age,
is a good picture of Mr. Taylor. It seems
that the two men are such perfect doubles
that the mistake was an easy one for the
woman, who was married ia Williams
burg. Pa., In 1SSL
Elections at IJlueGeltl.
NEW ORLEANS. Jan. 5. Mail advices
from Bluenelds, Nicaragua, arc that the
election of December IS passed off quiet
ly. Samuel Well was chosen chief magis
trate, and American Consul Sat district
judge. Weil was a former resident of
New Orleans.
Canvass of the House on the
Pending Currency Measure.
Bonrke Cockran Was the Principal
Speaker, Advocating the Adop
tion of the Baltimore Plan.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5. A rough pre
liminary canvass of the house on the
pending currency bill has been made. One
of the democratic members of the com
mittee, who favors the bill, is authority
for the statement that the canvass shows
a total of 124 votes for the bill, considera
ble short of the number necessary to pass
it. Springer says that such canvasses
as have been made are informal and in
exact. He will give no figures, as he
says the purpose has not been to learn
who will vote for the bill, but who are
against it, in order that objections may
be met and overcome. Other members
interested in the management of the bill
profess to know nothing of an exact can
vass. It is undoubtedly true, however,
that a close count has been made, with
the result stated. There are so many
propositions, substitutes and amend
ments pending that it is probable any
canvass would fail to show the vote un
der the many varying circumstances
which may be presented. The wide mar
gin for difference in a canvass is indicated
by the estimate of a member, based on
a canvass by state delegations, that the
bill would pass by a majority of 20. It is
also pointed out that a vote of 124, while
short of a majority when the full mem
bership of the house is present, is a rea
sonably strong vote when any members
are absent.
Tomorrow's Cancas.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5. There appears
little or no opposition to the democratic
caucus on the currency bill to be held
Monaay. It was reported today that some
Southern members would refuse to enter
the caucus, or to be bound by this ac
tion. Holman, chairman of the caucus
committee, when questioned about this,
"I think the attendance will be general,
even though some members may not en
tirely agree with the sentiment of the
caucus majority on what should be done.
A house caucus is for conference and
advice, and does rot bind the members
or their votes to action."
Chairman Springer, of the currency
committee, said he had heard of no op
position to the caucus. He thought the
feeling was generally in favor of It. Bland
said he had not signed the request for a
caucus, but he would attend. He said
he believed in caucus as tending to bring
members together, but not as binding
them to a course of action they did not
personally approve. When the caucus pe
tition was circulated yesterday, several
democrats asked, to 'be excused from sign-j
ing. xney explained tnat tney wanted to
see how the petition turned, out, and asked
that it be returned to them. It was re
ported today that McLaurin and other
South Carolina members would decline
to attend. This was not confirmed, for
McLaurin has not been in the house since
the recess. Talbert and other South Caro
lina members expressed a purpose of at
tending. A Vote Thursday or Friday.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5. Speaker Crisp
said at a late hour this afternoon that a
vote would be taken on the banking bill
next week, and the expectation is that it
will not be delayed longer than Thursday
or Friday at the latest. There is consid
erable speculation regarding the fate of
the measure. Generally speaking, the
Eastern democrats, with few exceptions,
will oppose the bill, as will also the ex
treme silver men, the populists and the
republicans. It is believed that if the re
publicans are out in force on the day
the vote is taken, the bill will be defeated.
Cockran, Boatner, Lacey and Catch
ings Were the Speakers.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5. Another day in
the house was consumed by debate over
the Carlisle currency plan, in which
Cockran of New York was the most con
spicuous figure. Cockran held the floor
for more than an hour, and spoke with
his accustomed vigor and eloquence, pro
voking many questions from the opposi
tion and holding the attention of the
members and galleries throughout. He
opposed the bill and declared in favor of
the Baltimore plan. Lacey of Iowa also
spoke in opposition, while Boatner and
Catchings exhorted the party to unite in
support of the measure.
Boatner was the first to speak. He ex
pressed surprise at the opposition to the
measure on the democratic side of the
house. He paid a tribute to the abilities
of Secretary Carlisle, and dwelt upon the
duty of supporting him, which he said
rested upon the democrats. Bland Inter
rupted with several questions to show
that the administration had adopted a
gold policy. He finally declared its finan
cial platform was a fraud If there was no
intention to carry it out, and asserted
that a platform should mean something.
Boatner asked if Bland had been a sup
porter of President Cleveland In the last
campaign, whereupon Bland responded
that he had supported the platform and
had voted for the candidate, and the party
had gone down In an Ignominious defeat
for its treachery and fraud.
Pence brought up Secretary Carlisle's
advocacy of silver while a member of the
house in supporting Matthews' resolution,
and asked if, soon after accepting the
treasury portfolio, he had not announced
his intention of paying some of the gov
ernment's obligations in silver, and if he
had not been "called down." Boatner
replied that it was useless to revive free
silver as a factor of the currency ques
tion. Bland retorted: "You can't run the
democratic party on republican lines, and
no mugwump can change its policy."
Boatner continued that it was the mis
take of the century when the administra
tion failed to pay obligations In silver as
well as gold, and then concluded:
"We should no longer keep ourselves
on exhibition as unable to agree on a sin
gle measure that promises relief to the
Lacey followed, and as stated, spoke in
opposition to the bill. Then came Cock
ran. There was the usual filling of seats
when the Tammanyite rose in the aisle of
the democratic sidel He deplored the ten
dency to treat the measure as a party
one, which was likely to wreck it on the
shores of political expediency, and then
"The vote of confidence in the demo
cratic party in KS2 has been reversed,
and I do not think the constitutional pro
vision, which allowed the parts to retain
power until March, was granted for pass
ingparty acts. An agitation without re
sult which would ruffle restored business
tranquility had better be dropped. If this
house succeeds in establishing a monetary
aystem based on human reason and ex
perience of experts Its last days will nnr
be without profit, or devoid of honor, i
There are in my opinlonSquestlons on
which legislators could diviwealong party
lines with advantage, bugthis is not
one of them. There aremany questions
on which mankind has differed from the
beginning of civilizatf onaadsthe questions
connected with the financesfand political
economy are among those 'over which
there has been much dispute. Neverthe
less, the laws controlllngthese questions
are immutable and to pbey.theai is to
bring blessings, to ignore'-ttke the re
verse. We can no moreaff&t the econ
omic laws by our legislatloaStban we can
by the same means affecttae laws gov
erning the nations. I asjgfthat the ques
tion now at issue be considered on the
basis of these economIclaws. I think I
have seen evidence thatjlhehidsment of
the generation has beenwarped by the
superabundance of talk ,onthe 'crime of
1S73,' when silver was demonetized, which
has involved the use offpEnbat of invec
tives and much mysterygbuMhas brought
very little practical good to the peo
ple generally. The tendency to rate po
litical ecenomy as a mysterious science
has enabled men to pesetas statesmen,
who, if they talked common.-sense, would
have been dlscoveredbufwere able to
confuse the people by shouting platitudin
ous nonsense. Ancient astrology Is no
more absurd than the aouble standard,
but when we reflected" th'&tgthis genera
tion had allowed its daUjgtaffalrs to be
affected by the nonsensegot importers,
our charity toward thejaaclents broad
ened and our sympathy Val touched by
the sight of our own-people listening to
men who said that the piyjaent of wages
in a bad dollar was betteiythan in a good
dollar, and that taxatloXWas the hand
maid of prosperity.'" t-
When Cockran alludedljsarcastically to
the free silver fight of Bland, and what he
termed the change of attitude of Boatner,
who was about to retire to the calmer
fields of jurisprudence. Bland interrupted
with a question regardlng-Cockran's pre
diction that the repeal of lthle purchasing
clause of the Sherman actfwotild restore
prosperity and Cockran challenged him to
produce a word of his to, that effect. He
then resumed: ,
"I am not one who pretends that pros
perity can be forged invthis chamber or
by the law of the land. yX "believe all the
law and gospel on the subject of political
economy was revealed to the first man
when a just God told hlm'that 'By the
sweat of his brow he must earn his bread.
Prosperity is in the earthahd the charlat
ans who said they had lt-in their clothes
or their brains, and who Tiad cured the
country for 25 years it was my chief ob
ject to oppose."
Taking up the banking and currency
bill, he spoke briefly of the claims of
the committee that it would promote the
ends of trade. He claimed that instead of
promoting it would prevent, forbid and
obstruct the very thing it ;was hoped it
would accomplish. For local and domes
tic purposes, Cockran said, he would not
be afraid of silver as asllver standard
of value, but his objection to it was based
on the fact that throughout the world
everything is measured by gold, and even
if we had a national or local.standard, the
products of the farmer 'ajfd other pro
ducers must ultimately. iVf ter all, be
measured by the unlversa'nstanaard.
Hutchinson, of Texagtjntired if tbes
ituica vi. u main, w-ren-aseu upon tne
notes of a farmer, whetr was it better
than the farmer's note, and Cockran re
plied because commerce would'accept it.
The hand of government had been dis
astrous to commerce, and he was ap
pealing to the house to turn back to
sound principles where money was based
on property. All that banking meant was
to increase the capital that could be used
in commerce. He said, in reply to a
question concerning the 10 per cent on
state bank issues:
"I am oposed to any tax on currency.
It is like taxing blood, like taxing the
speed of a locomotive. It would be to
tax everything valuable to retard prog
ress." As to the pending bill, he said, that so
far as it provided that money should be
based on property, it was sound, but its
provisions would nullify its object. If it
became a law it would fall still-born; not
one note would be issued under 20 years.
It would be a monument to the folly of
the congress which followed the Sherman
act by another makeshift. While the
greenback had its uses and the green
backer was unjustly characterized as a
crank, these bills had served their proper
functions and. should be taken out of our
currency system.
There was a sharp and amusing ex
change of words between Corkran and
Boutelle when the former spoke of the
McKinley law and a defective financial
system as the cause of the panic last
year. Cockran's reference to the McKin
ley law was greeted with derisive laughter
on the republican: side. Boutelle remarked
that at the last election the people did not
endorse the views of Cockran as to the
McKinley law. Cockran replied:
'"I Have my own views as to the results
of the last election. I do not think the
democratic party was in that canvass."
In reply to a question Cockran said he
favored the Baltimore plan in its en
tirety. Then Henderson, of Illinois, asked
if the pressing question was not how to
pay the running expenses of the gov
ernment, and to this Ccckran replied:
"That is the question, but not all the
question. It is a serious position which
makes any trade dependent on the solv
ency of the treasury, and what I am
seeking is a system that will divorce
commerce from the government."
In closing Cockran drew a picture
of the advancement of business, in
dustry, science, and the arts under the
regime in which the money of the people
was placed on a sound basis.
Catchings said the upshot of Cockran's
speech was to adopt the Baltimore plan
and thus turn his back on the treasury,
leaving it to take care of itself. He
"The purpose of the bill Is to provide the
people with more abundant and elastic
currency and to relieve the treasury by
retiring the large proportion of outstand
ing greenbacks."
In discussing the probable effect of the
Carlisle bill, Catchings said the out
standing certificates would be changed
for those of smaller denominations to
satisfy the needs for small money. It
would follow that the bullion In the treas
ury would be coined and a smaller per
centage of customs duties paid in silver.
He continued:
"The key to the position is that under
the Baltimore plan the government would
be made to stand sponsor for the notes o2
the bank, while It would not be under the
pending bill. The superiority of the Car
lisle plan over the Baltimore plan is that
it contemplates the ultimate retirement
of government notes, while the latter has
no object but the profit of its framenu"
Catchings concluded by speaking in sup
port of the soundness of state banks. At
the close of his speech, the house voted
not to concur in the senate amendments
to the military appropriation bill, and
then, at 5-20, adjourned.
Arizona's Escaped Prisoners.
PHOENIX, Ariz., Jan. 5. Price, the es
caped murderer, and the counterfeiter
Young, were caught on the desert near Gila
bend by Deputies Prothers and Moore.
A fierce fight ensued. Pries was killed
and Young's leg was broken.
The Will of Eugene Kelly, the
Banker, Filed for Probate.
The Bulk. However, Is Kept for His
Family and Relatives, Though
One Son Is Disinherited.
NEW YORK. Jan. 5. The will of Eu
gene Kelly, the millionaire, was filed for
probate today. It bequeaths the entire es
tate to members of his family, except
$110,000, to be distributed among Catholic
orphan asylums and other institutions.
The executors are Eugene Kelly, jr., Ed
ward Kelly, Thomas H. Kelly, Daniel Sul
livan and Paul Miller, the last two
named, respectively, secretary and attor
ney for the deceased. To the widow,
Margaret A. Kelly, is left the residence
No. 33 West Fifty-first street, the stable
133 West Fifty-first street, and all the
furniture, horses and carriages, together
with $200,000 and an annuity of $23,000 dur
ing her life. Eight separate funds of $25,
000 each are created for the eight children
of Mrs. Eugene Beale, widow of Eugene
Beale and daughter of the deceased.
Each child will receive the interest on
the $23,000 for 20 years, and at the end of
that time he v. ill receive the principal.
Other bequests are:
Thos. Kelly, of Joliet, 111., nephew.. $10,000
Catherine Kelly, of Joliet, niece.... 2.0C0
Bridget Kelly, niece 1O.CO0
Joseph A. Kelly, of Harper county,
Kansas, nephew 30,000
Mrs. Thompson, of California, for
mer wife of his nephew, J.J. Kelly,
and her children 20,000
Children of Edward Kelly, he being
a deceased nephew .... 20,000
Michael Hughes and wife, of Cali
fornia 20,000
William J. Powell, of St. Louis 10,000
Concerning his friend, Joseph Donohoe,
of San Francisco, Mr. Kelly in his will
"During our long association his kindly
character, ever the same, has so endeared
him to me that I cannot rest satisfied
to part from him without giving utter
ance to this testimony. His ample for
tune would make it idle for me to attest
my feelings by legacies, but I trust he
may receive from my wife some per
sonal article of mine which will remain
to him a reminder of -my affection."
The will asks that $10,000 be given to
the Hebrew institutions, and says:
"I make this expression of preference
in favor of the Catholic and Hebrew insti
tutions solely because other denomina
tions are wealthier and better able to care
for their poor."
The deceased appoints his son, Eugene
Kelly, jr., to all the privileges or rights
he may have in the American college at
Rome, and his son Edward is given his
interest as a patron in perpetuity in the
Metropolitan museum of art. The resi
due is to be held in five parts in trust for
Eugenie Beale, Eugene Kelly, jr., Ed
ward Kelly, Thomas Kelly and Margaret
Kelly, widow. The trust Is to last two
years, at the end of which the benefi
ciaries shall receive the principals of the
legacy. Robert J. Kelly is not mentioned
in the will, and no reason is apparent for
disinheriting the son, but he has united
with the other children and the widow in
waiving all objections to the probate of
the will.
The Fair Estate.
SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 5. The exe
cutors of the will of James G. Fair peti
tioned today to probate the document.
They allege that at the time of the exe
cution of the will the testator was of
sound and disposing mind, and not acting
under duress, menaqe, undue influence or
fraud, and was in every respect competent
to make his will. The petition has been
set for hearing before Judge Slack on
Thursday, January 17.
The Dally Report this afternoon pub
lished an inside statement of the affairs
of the late ex-Senator James G. Fair. It
presented figures showing that the estate,
which at the time of Fair's death was
estimated to be valued at 40,000,000, would
realize not more than $12,000,000 to $15,000.
000, Fair having sustained some very
heavy losses recently, notably in the late
wheat deal. Large quantities of wheat
are stored in various warehouses, on
which Fair owed about $3,000,000 for ad
vances made. To pay off this indebted
ness It would take the entire income of
the estate for nearly five years. The ar
ticle goes on to state that it was chagrin
at his losses in wheat, after having ridi
culed the Nevada bank venture in this di
rection, that hastened the late million
aire's death. There being no prospect for
the heirs of the estate to derive any ben
efit from it for several years, the claim
is made that they have decided upon a
contest, and that arrangements to that
end are now being perfected.
After the publication of the above, a
reporter was informed authoritatively
that all statements that the children had
decided upon a contest were without foun
dation. The matter of contest, it was
stated, was under consideration by the
heirs and their attorneys, but no deter
mination had yet been reached.
A Pecnlinr Will Contest.
SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 5. A most pe
culiar will contest is in progress over
the settlement of the estate of Jennie
Parsons, who was an actress here 36 years
ago. She left a sum In the Hibernia bank,
which was unclaimed, and a year and a
half ago was turned over to the public
administrator. It amounted to over $-1700.
Several claimants then appeared. One
of them was Minnie Adams Brooks, of
Chicago. Her claim is based on a will
found floating in a bottle, a few weeks
after the loss of the steamer Pacific off
Flattery in IS75. Jennie Parsons perished
in that wreck.
Beaten hy Time.
SAN FRANCISCO. Jan. 5. The supreme
court has sustained the superior court's
decision for the defendants in the case
of the executors of William Burling's es
tate against the trustees of the Sharon
estate. Burling was a stockbroker, and
claimed $200,000 with interest from 1S75, on
notes assigned to him against the Ralston
estate. The action was barred by the
statute of limitations.
Why the Warrant for Flagler's Re
quisition Wns Revoked.
TALLAHASSEE, Fla., Jan. 5. Governor
Mitchell has given out the following
statement In regard to the Flagler case:
"The requisition made upon me by the
governor of Texas for Henry M. Flagler
was, in conformity with the act of con
gress in such cases In every respect. The
copy of the indictment found by the
grand jury of Texas, charging that on
a certain day in McCIennan county. In
raid state, Mr. Flagler and certain other
parties, naming them, conspired against
trade, was attached. The affidavit ac
companying the requisition stated that
Mr. Flagler was a fugitive from justice,
and that he had fled from said state upon
these allegations. The requisition was
honored, and the warrant of extradition
Issued; but subsequently, and before any
service of the wanant, Mr. Flagler filed
in this office his affidavit averring that
he had never been in the state of Texas
in his life, and that he had never had any
business transaction whatever in the
state of Texas, and asked to be heard in
the case; whereupon the warrant was
revoked In order to give him a hearing in
opposition to the honoring of the requisi
tion. A day will be set for a hearing
In this case, and the state of Texas and
Mr. Flagler duly notified to appear. My
reason for this course was simply that
justice might be done to all parties in
Management of the Cleveland, Akron
Canton Short Line.
CLEVELAND, O., Jan. 5. The experts
employed by the reorganization committee
representing the first mortgage holders
of the Valley railroad, to untangle prob
lems In the management of that road oy
the Baltimore & Ohio, have made some
sensational disclosures, through members
of the committee. A conference was held
today, and it was decided to have an
other member of the committee go to
New York at once. Colonel J. J. Sullivan,
of the Central National bank, was selected
for the mission. Colonel Sullivan told a
reporter before leaving that gross mis
management of the Valley affairs has
been reported to the committee, which,
in turn, has forwarded the report to New
York. Colonel Sullivan's visit to New
York will be for the purpose of consulta
tion with some of the bondholders. The
experts are still at work, and further dis
closures are anticipated.
Sale of the Toledo & Ann Arl.or.
CLEVELAND, O., Jan. 5. United States
Judge A. J. Ricks issued a decree this
afternoon ordering the sale of the Toledo
& Ann Arbor road. The decree was agreed
upon here by the various attorneys and
others interested, and will be formally
entered at Toledo Jenuary 15. after the
approval of the circuit judge in Cincin
nati and the United States district judges
of Michigan, through whose territory the
road runs. There are five mortgages and
a blanket mortgage on the road, aggre
gating in round numbers $7,200,000.
The Statement of the Xew York As
sociated Banks.
NEW YORK, Jan. 5. The weekly state
ment of the associated banks shows the
following changes:
Reserve, increase $ 593,200
Loans, increase 743,000
Specie, increase 2,105,400
Legal tenders, decrease 624,100
Deposits, increase 3,556,400
Circulation, increase 110,400
The banks now hold $35,882,050 in excess
of the requirements of the 25 per cent rule.
Exports and Imports at Jfcvr York.
NEW YORK, Jan. 5. The exports of
specie from the port of New York for the
week were $4,417,335 in gold, and $502,603 in
silver. The imports for the week were:
Gold $ 66.S3S
Silver 95,962
Drygoods 1,100,961
General merchandise 8,394,571
AaotherJll Combine.
""LOS ANGELESrSan. 5. There Is an
other oil combine in the field besides the
producers' company", just organized, and
there is, consequently, likely to be a
lively competition in the marketing of oil
for some time to come. The producers
company did not get all the producers in
the field In this city. It Is understood the
Turner Bros., who are extensive produc
ers, and a number of other smaller pro
ducers, have organized a combine distinct
from the producers' company. It is also
stated that the Union Oil Company has
agreed to take their output and dispose
of it at a fair price.
Solid as the Rock of Gibraltar.
ATLANTA, Ga., Jan. i A special, sent
from here this afternoon and printed
abroad, stated that the Atlanta exposi
tion was in the hands of a receiver and
had been sold out for $16,000. This is an
error and originated in the fact that the
Augusta exposition was sold out for
$16,000. The Atlanta exposition is, finan
cially, as solid as the rock of Gibraltar,
with a large amount of cash and a heavy
subscription list of gilt-edged persons, col
lectable each month.
Great Dnmnge to the Orange Crop.
NEW YORK, Jan. 5. The Fruit Ex
change has advices that the or
ange crop of Florida is a com
plete failure, owing to the freeze
of the last few days. The temperature
has been the lowest in 12 years. Fully
2,500,000 cases of oranges are reported
frozen. Early vegetables have also been
frozen. Oranges have risen in price here
from about $1 50 a case to $4 50.
For a. New Building.
NEWPORT, R. I., Jan. 4. The local
Young Men's Christian Association today
received as a gift a deed of trust from
George W. Gibbs, of California, a native
and former resident of Newport, of two
bonds for $1000 each, with interest, to be
held until the association shall accumu
late a fund of $25,000 for the purchase of a
site for the erection of a building for its
permanent use.
There Is an End to All Things.
SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 5. The supreme
court today handed down a decision in
the Blythe case as follows:
"Motion denying diminution of record
This decision precludes the reopening of
the contest and is a triumph for Florence
Blythe Hinckley;
Many Persons Lost Money.
PEORIA, 111., Jan. 5. Peoria capitalists
lost $1,000,000 in the Arizona ditch scheme.
The list of stockholders included some of
the most prominent men in the city, but it
is impossible to state accurately what the
Individual losses are. President Greenhut,
of tha whisky trust, is supposed to have
sunk $100,000.
AMihsouri Bank Assigns.
BROOKFIELD, Mo., Jan. 5. The "Bank
of Brookfield assigned today. Its assets
are $48,000, and its liabilities $21,000. The
assignment was caused by overdrafts
from solvent customers.
A Bad Debtor.
VISALIA, Cal., Jan. 5. As a result of
a shooting affray on the street this after
noon, Frank Storer is dead and Frank
Gribble is in Jail for his murder. A dis
pute over a debt due to Storer by Grib
ble culminated in Gribble firing three
times at Storer. The latter followed his
assailant, at whom he also fired. Ten
shots were interchanged. Storer was
picked up mortally wounded, dying half
an hour later.
The Judge Wanted to Shoot.
FRANKLIN, Pa., Jan. 5. Presiding
Judge Charles Elias Taylor, who served
16 yeare on the Chenango county bench,
attempted to shoot Deputy Sheriff 31. XI.
Shoemaker today. The deputy and two
other men overpowered him and tcok
away his revolver. Judge Taylor is 74
years of age, and lately has been under
the delusion that Sheriff Shaner, Deputy
Shoemaker and other officials had been
spying upon him.
Mr. Phillips' Bill for a National
Labor Commission.
He Would Willingly Pay for the Sola.
tions of All of These Questions
If He Were Able.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5. It was report
ed today that Representative Phillips, of
Pennsylvania, has expressed his willing
ness to pay a quarter of a million dollars
out of his own pocket to meet the expense
of a labor commission, in accordance with
the terms of a bill he has presented. This
show of earnestness has drawn such fa
vorable attention to the- merits of Mr.
Phillips bill, that Chairman McGann, of
the labor committee, has appointed a
special subcommittee, with Representa
tive Erdman, of Pennsylvania, at Us head,
to consider the measure. The attention
of Labor Commissioner Wright has also
been directed to it, together with Mr.
Phillips assurance of protecting the gov
ernment against the expense of the com
mission. As a result, the bill for na
tional arbitration of labor difficulties is,
for the time being, in obeyance, while tho
merits o. the Phillips bill are belrg con
sidered. Mr. Phillips is one of the wealth
iest men In congress.
The plan of a labor commission Is the
result of the careful study that Mr. Phil
lips has given the subject. His idea that
the country is not yet ready for a law on
the many industrial issues, as the best
form or remedy, is not yet apperent. He
therefore proposes, in his bill, that a
commission of experts shall consider the
many plans of reforms proposed, sifting
the good from the bad and ascertaining
the most feasible legislation to be recom
mended to congress. The commission is
to be non-partisan and Is to consider leg
islation to meet the problems of labor,
agriculture and capital. The bill author
izes the appointment by the president of
five commissioners, representing labor,
five representatives of agriculture and
five business men. Each group of five is
to choose two more members, making
seven in each group and 21 in all. The
commission is to meet in Washington and
elect Its officers, and each group is to have
the services of a lawyer and a secretary.
The bill provides that:
"It shall be the duty of the commission
to investigate questions pertaining to im
migration, to labor, to agriculture and
to business, and recommend to congress
such legislation as it may deem best upon
the subjects. It shall furnish such Infor
mation and suggest such laws as may bo
made the basis for uniform legislation by
the various states, in order to harmonize
conflicting interests and to be equitable
to the laborer, the employer, the pro
ducer and the consumer. The commission,
shall receive petitions and grant reai
sonable time for hearing on subjects
pertaining to its duties, and, if deemed
necessary, it shall appoint a subcommit
tee or commission to make investiga
tion in any part of the United States, and
shall be allowed expenses for the same."
The expenses of the large number of
commissioners, clerks, stenographers, law
yers, etc., proposed in the bill, has
raised a question against it, and has
brought out Mr. Phillips offer to protect
the government to tho extent of $250,000
out of his pocket against these expenses.
The special committee having the bill in
charge expects to consider the bill, and
perhaps trrant hearings on it at any early
day. Mr. jt'Mllips was seen this evening
concerning the offer which he was said
to have made to contribute $250,000 toward
the cost to the government of carrying"
out the provisions of his bill. Mr. Phil
lips says that he was misunderstood in
this matter. He said:
"I did not make the statement as re
ported; but, in conversation with a friend
in regard to the bill, the expense of the
commission was mentioned. Then I al
luded to the great cost attending the re
cent coke and the more recent railroad
strikes, not only the loss of property and
many millions of dollars in money, but
also the loss of life, and stating the cost
of the bill should not be considered; that,
in fact, if I were able, I would be willing
to pay the salaries of the commission
proposed, which would amount to $240,000,
or, in round figures, a quarter of a million
dollars, and that I would be willing to
pay such a sum, provided the commission
proposed would be the beginning of a so
lution of this great problem. I should bo
very sorry to hold out such an inducement
as to pay money for the passage of this
bill or any other one, and would not con
sider such an argument for the bill in ita
Manufacturers Not Expected to Com
ply With Its Demand.
NEW YORK, Jan. 5. The executive
board of the United Garment-Workers of
America today issued to the clothing
manufacturers of the city a circular, in
which they say:
"The unions of clothing-fitters and trim
mers have long felt the same necessity
for the eight-heur work day, and have
made this their chief object in their dec
laration of principles. Notwithstanding
the regulations in reference to appren
tices, we find the number of Idle workmen
in our branch of the trade ever increasing.
We, therefore, make the request of your
firm to pledge yourself in favor of grant
ing the eight-hour work day on and after
January 21, 1893, and, if you are in accoici
with this purpose, we respectfully await
an early reply, not later than January
14, 1895."
An officer high in the councils of the
garment-workers said today that he did
not believe the demands wouia be grant
ed, and a strike of between 15,000 and 20,
000 would result.
The Prosecution Has Not Finished Its
Rebuttal Testimony.
WOODLAND, Cal., Jan. 5. The prose
cution did not finish its testimony in re
buttal in the Appelman case today, as was
expected. The chief witness was Sheriff
Parker, of Modoc, who, when on the
stand, contradicted Appelman in many
particulars, and Mrs. Annie McClure, who
had charge of the American Railway
Union kitchen during the strike. She said
that she had not seen Appelman in the
restaurant at any time during the day of
the wreck, and that, if he had been there,
she would have seen him. She also tes
tified that New Year's day Judge Bright
and the defendant's brother had called
on her and tried to dissuade her from tes
tifying for the prosecution. The cross
examination did not shake her testimony.
The case went over until Monday.
Strike of Shoemakers.
HAVERHILL. Mass., Jan. 5. Three
hundred men employed in the shoe factory
of Ruddock & Son struck today because
the firm refused to arbitrate difficulties.