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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 3, 1922)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1922
LSWhLlSHED BV, HEN'KY L. PITTOCK.
Published by The Oregonian Pub. Co..
lu Smb. Street, Portland, Oregon.
C. A. MORDBN. E. B. PIPER,
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; .EDUCATION AND THE STATE.
'; (In Several Articles Article 5).
Any discussion of the proposed
school bill cannot ignore the ques
tion of its constitutionality. It is
not proposed here to make any
elaborate examination of the legal
phases of the proposed enactment.
It will be sufficient to indicate some
of the fundamental points, so that
it may be seen what problems and
issues are involved. It is a familiar
contention of opponents of the
measure particularly those who
are interested in maintenance of
Hie parochial schools (Catholic,
Lutheran, Adventist and others)
that the measure intends a direct
assault upon religious liberty and
the right of conscience. It is not
entirely clear to The Oregonian that
this is strictly so. It concedes the
strength of the answer that the
public schools are secular and that
religion should be excluded from
them, and that the state has no
duty to impart religious instruction
a direct and lawful inhibition
against it but it has a duty to edu
cate and train all its future citizens
alike. If the parent wishes to im
part religious education to his child
he may freely do it elsewhere.
But the mandate upon the parent
to send his boy or girl to the public
schools, or to any school, presents a
different and more difficult ques
tion. Here is a forthright declara
tion that the state not the parent
-controls the child. It is nothing
else, and it is not pretended that
it is something else. The right of
guardianship over the child by the
parent is inherent a natural right,
growing out of his duties and re
sponsibilities, which' in turn arise
from his parenthood. The question
is, then, as to supremacy of the
siate's right or the parent's right.
: The republic of the United States
was instituted to secure the free
dom of its citizens. Every vital
declaration of national duty and
purpose is based on that proposi
tion. The first great phrase of the
immortal declaration of independ
ence contained this imperishable
Utterance, accepted now by all as
a sound and unassailable definition
of individual rights:
All men are created equal; tliej
are endowed by their Creator with
Certain unalienable rights; among
these are life, liberty and the pur
suit of happiness. To secure these
rights, governments are instituted
. wnat rigntsr individual, per
sonal rights. No other. When
government fails to give its citizens
the utmost freedom of opportunity
and conduct, it becomes tyranny.
Freedom of the citizen is limited
only by the right to assert an equal
freedom of every other citizen,
The constitution of the United
States has its inspiration and foun
dation in the declaration of inde
pendence; and the bulwark of the
nation and the security of its citi
zenship rest within the constitu
tion. It would appear that it is
necessary only to mention the dec
laration of independence to discover
its application to the present
Tuatlon in Oregon.
A-oni.roi 01 education is essen
tially a state function, for the sub
ject is not even mentioned in the
letleral constitution, though the
spirit of that instrument regards
the family as having a certain
sanctity. It forbids unreasonable
search of the home or the billeting
pr soldiers there, and the fifth
amendment declares that no person
snail "be deprived of life, liberty
or property without due process of
law. In his book on "The Con
stitution or the United States, Its
Sources and , Its Applications.
Thomas James Norton says that
due process of law" includes not
only the guaranties contained in
the constitution but those that have
come to the American through the
adoption in this country of any part
or tne taws or England.
ine original ten amendments
were, says Norton, "written in re
straint of national power against
tire people and the states," and the
tenth amendment reads:
i r..j powers not delegated t h
Inned States by the constitution nor
prohibited by it to the states, are re-.-'rved
to the states respectively or to
..' unsurrendered powers
among which was provision for ed
ueation, were thus defined by the
lecierai supreme court in 1911:
M-iinnie me rowers nt the state not
Forrencieren wnicn power therefore re.
mams with the state is the power to
so regulate the relative, rights and
dntlee of all within Its Jurisdiction as to
5ui-i mo pudiic morals, the publl
safety and the public health, as well a
lo. promote the public convenience and
i m- I'ummun gooa.
But by ratifying tne fourteenth
amendment the states placed limi
tations on their exercise of these
powers. That amendment defines
trie persons who are "citizens of the
United States and of the state
wherein thoy reside," and it
No state shall make or enforce any
law which shall abridge the privileges
or immunities of citizens of the United
States: nor shall any state deprive any
person of life, liberty or property with
out due process of law; nor deny to any
person within its jurisdiction the equal
protection of the laws.
-The application of this amend
ment to just such a constitutional
amendment as is now before the
people of Oregon was defined by
three judges of the supreme court
of Michigan on October 1, 1920.
An amendment requiring compul
sory attendance at the public
fschools had been denied a place on
the ballot by the secretary of state
on the ground that it was contrary
to the federal constitution, and the
petitioners asked for a mandamus
against him. The majority of five
judges granted the mandamus on
the ground that it was nctt for the
secretary of state as a ministerial
officer to rule on the question of
constitutionality, but the minority
of three judges held the amendment
to be invalid and that the court
should not compel the secretary of
state to submit it in spite of that
fact. The minority held the pro
posed amendment to go beyond, the
reserved police power of the state,
and the opinion given by Justice
While the proposed amendment is very
carefully worded to attract votes, it
takc from the parent the privilege of
educating his children in parochial or
private schools:" indeed It takes from
then: the right to exercise any control
over the education of their own off
spring and gives such right to the state.
It prohibits the conduct of the business
of educating children by private parties,
denominations and corporations, organ
ized for that purpose under our laws,
and takes from them without compen
sation the right to use for educational
purposes property owned by them and
devoted to that use, admitted to be
worth seventy millions of dollars.
Some 120,000 children between tne
ages of 5 and 16 years are now being
educated in the parochial schools of the
state. The instructions cover the usual
branches taught in the public schools,
and in addition there Is moral training
and the doctrine of the . Christian re
ligion is inculcated in these youthful
minds. That these schools may be
reguiated by the state is admitted on
all hands, but that their existence may
be prohibited by state mandate is an
entirely different proposition. Before the
business of educating the young in the
same courses taught by the public
schools, before the business of educating
the young in the Christian religion, be
fore the business of conducting these
parochial schools, can be outlawed and
prohibited, their prohibition must bear
some reasonable relation to the public
good, or the public health, or the public
morals, or the public safety or the pub
lic welfare. The right to regulate I
concede; the right to prohibit i deny.
In support of this opinion a de
cision by Chief Justice Barker of
the supreme court of Kentucky on
the same subject and to the same
effect was cited. The opinion
which the supreme court of the
United States would probably hold
was indicated by its decision de
claring unconstitutional a law of
the state of Washington prohibiting
private employment agencies. In
the opinion of that tribunal Justice
McReynolds said: -
Because abuses may, and probably do,
grow up in connection with this busi
ness Is adequate reason for hedging It
about by proper regulation. But this is
not enough to justify destruction of
one's right to follow a distinctly useful
calling in an upright way. Certainly
there is no profession, possibly no busi
ness whicn does not offer peculiar op
portunities for reprehensible practices;
and as to every one of them no doubt
some one can be found quite ready
earnestly to maintain that Its suppres
sion would be in the public interest.
Skillfully directed agitation nlght also
brlns about apparent condemnation of
any one of them by the public Hap
pily for ail, the fundamental guaranties
of the constitution cannot be freely sub
merged If and whenever some ostensible
justification is advanced and the police
The principles thus set forth seem
to apply to conduct of private and
parochial schools equally with em
ployment agencies. They apply
with the more force since the
rights of parents and conscientious
conviction are involved in the pres
ent controversy in Oregon.
The rights of the citizen to lib
erty of conduct and freedom of
conscience are his most precious
heritage. No sacrifice to safeguard
them is too great for him to make.
The rights he treasures and keeps
for himself he should for his own
protection concede to others. In
whatever measure he- seeks to
withdraw them from others he
weakens and Jeopards his own
PORTLAND'S CLAIM NOT ABAN
DONED. While Portland fully appreciates
the opportunity to increase its com
merce which the shipping board
gives by establishing a passengers-
cargo line to South America and by
placing more freight vessels on the
oriental service, this should not be
taken as an abandonment of its
claim to passenger service across
the Pacific ocean. Anything that
goes out of this port that says, or
even implies, that it is content with
trans-Pacific service inferior to
that which the board gives to any
competing port will be misleading.
For several years this port has de
manded as a right that it be placed
on an equality with competing ports
in this respect, but the board has
treated its claim with contempt.
No person has authority to confess
that Portland has been wrong and
the board has been right or to pre
tend that in expressing that opin
ion he expresses the sentiments of
the people of Portland.
The plain, unvarnished facts are
that passenger ships were allocated
to Seattle by a former board in re
sponse to solicitation privately
made by senators and a few in
terested persons. This was done
without hearing the claim of this
or any other port to equal service,
without even notice that the ships
were to be allocated. The fair
American course would have been
to hear openly the claims of. all
competing north Pacific ports, to
hear statements of their relative
advantages and disadvantages, and
then, if only one could be served,
to make public announcement of
the choice with full statement of
the reasons. Not only was this not
done but when this port reasserted
its claim to the present board it was
treated with cynical contempt, and
nothing but vigorous protest pre
vented us from being deprived of
the inadequate service" that we had,
Thi3 port will make the most of
the increased oriental service that
is given, though it is still inade
quate, and will do so with a view
to convincing the board, much
against the board's will, that Port
land can support a first-class ship
ping line as well as can any other
port on this coast. Portland does
not admit the board's superior
wisdom in giving it inferior service,
and no person should venture to
say on its behalf that it does.
Frequent repetition by motorists
of the offense of abandoning vic
tims of accident calls for all the
more vigilance by reason of the
difficulty of solving the problem
that they create. Carelessness,
though deplorable when it results
in death or injury, has its meed of
excuse; no consideration whatever
can condone the wanton who
J malms and then runs away. Auto.
mobilists who respect themselves
and have concern for. the good
reputation of their fellows, will co
operate whenever possible in bring
ing the guilty to justice, and it will
be well if - pedestrians shall form
the habit of taking down the li
cense numbers of cars which have
seemed to offend. The few ought I
not to be permitted to bring ig
nominy upon the greater number
and courts will be sustained by
popular opinion if they will treat
flight following accident as the
more serious phase of the crime.
RAIDERS AND WRECKERS.
"A million a year for overhead
and administration for road build
ing in Oregon."
The Portland Pierce organ so
begins a political attack upon the
non-political highway commission.
The statement that overhead ad
ministration of road work in Ore
gon costs one million dollars a
year is a falsehood, It is malicious
falsehood and is part of the propa
ganda of the wrecking and raiding
gang that has seen millions going
into road work without benefit to
When Walter M. Pierce told an
audience that S. Benson in resign
ing from the highway commission
charged extravagance in overhead
and administration he said what
was pot true. Mr. Benson made no
criticism whatever of administra
tive or overhead costs. He men
tioned incidentally that such ex
penditures were at the time he re
signed approximating $90,000 a
month. The $90,000 figure had not
prevailed in the past and did not
prevail thereafter. The average
monthly cost was and is far lower.
Mr. Benson cited the amount in a
particular month solely as an argu
ment for the immediate letting of
additional contracts lest the over
head extend excessively into a slack
Mr. Pierce and the Pierce organ
have multiplied $90,000 by twelve
to get the million-dollar figure. In
fact, for the two years that closed
n the month Mr. Benson resigned
the total cost of administration and
general supervision had amounted
to $350,687.15, or about ?175,000 a
year, instead of a million dollars.
n the nine months of 1922, a
period of extensive construction, it
has averaged about $60,000 a
Mr. Pierce while a member of
the legislature voted consistently
against the major highway pro
gramme. He opposed the issuance
of bonds against the automobile
licenses, contending rather that the
cost should be loaded on the tax
payer. He opposed acceptance
from the government of the gift of
automobiles, trucks and tractors for
highway work. The state has re
ceived from the government more
than 400 such vehicles and they
constitute the major part of the
equipment about which Mr. Pierce
Politicians have long had theit
eye on the political advantages to
be obtained from control of so vast
a road fund. In one special session
of the legislature a raid was at
tempted for local roads and was
foiled by Jhe vetoes of Governor
Olcott. In another session Mr.
Pierce headed a movement to nut
the highway commission into poll-
tics by the cheapening process of
paying the members a salary.
Highway construction and the
many millions of dollars expended
in Oregon for that purpose have
been kept beyond the reach of the
politicians by the appointment on
the commission of the state's most
reputable and honored citizens. Foi
a chance to handle a pot contain
ing millions the raiders and the
wreckers will go to any extreme of
REAL MERITS OF THJE NEW TARIFF,
Amid much partisan condemna
tion and laudation of the new tariff
it is refreshing to see it dispassion
ately discussed, as it is in the No
vember Review of Reviews bv
Philip G. Wright and by President
David Friday of Michigan Agricul
tural college. Both writers reject
the extreme claims of merit and
maleficence that are made by the
two parties, though neither accepts
the economic doctrine on which, it
is based and both find much to de
nounce as concession to particular
interests, as sham protection and
as conflicting with the principle on
which the framers of the tariff pre
tend to have acted. Dr. Friday pre
dicts a rise of prices in consequence
of the bill's enactment, but work
men will have jobs and manufac
turers will have confidence which
will lead them to expand and to
Plainly a congress-made tariff is
a compromise among local and sec
tional interests, Mr. Wright quoting
senators in defense of the principle
that they should vote on the tariff
as the interests of their states die
tate. That accounts for the occa
sional departures from the rule
that the tariff should bring the cost
of American and imported goods to
a parity in the American market.
It also proves the impracticability
of putting through congress a de
tailed tariff that is based on so
br6ad a general principle when that
principle must run the gauntlet of
conflicting local and industrial in
terests. If the twenty months' de.
bate accomplished no more than to
convince congress on that point it
was worth while, for that debate
led logically to insertion of the
clauses that take the fixing of
duties out of the hands of congress
and entrust them to the tariff com
mission, which has a general prin
ciple as its guide.
The flexible tariff sections of ths
law take all the force out of the
denunciation of the law as raising
some duties far above those of the
Payne-AIdrich law, for they em
power tne president by advice of
the tariff commission to cut those
duties 50 per cent. Thus he may
restore some duties to the Patron.
Aldrich rate and cut others below
those rates, while he may raise
others which inquiry proves to. be
too low. The guiding principle is
parity or cost of goods when laid
down in American markets, and
the commission is free to follow
that principle without thought of
wnetner its action will please the
people of any state or the producers
of a particular commodity. Cost
of production in other countries
fluctuates with variations in rates
of exchange and with the resultant
movement of wages and prices, so
that prices rather than cost may
at present be a safer guide, but the
world will surely settle down In a
few years, unless it lapses into an
archy. The tariff law should ho
adjustable to normal conditions
whenever they return; it should
not be based on the abnormal con
ditions which now prevail. So soon
as economic stability is restored in
Europe cost of production will
become a safe guide.
For . the reason that the tariff
law entrusts the adjustment of
duties to a scientific body, which is
unmoved by political hopes and
fears, it is the best within living
memory, notwithstanding the in
consistencies and inequalities of its
schedules. A real start has been
made at taking the tariff out of
politics to the extent that congress
will more and monl abandon the
attempt to fix the duties, but will
instead define the principle to
which duties are to be adjusted.
This is no more delegation of the
taxing power than is the levy of a
10 per cent tax on theater seats,
for then tiie manager of the theater
fixes the tax when he fixes the
price. The tax has been defined by
congress as the difference in cost
of production between the United
States and the principal competing
countries. Determination of this
difference involves difficult calcula
tion after painstaking inquiry, but
the amount can be approximated
more closely as prices return to
stability. By this plan competition
will not be prevented, but will be
regulated to a degree that Ameri
can industry will live and thrive
but that importation of foreign
goods will continue and increase as
industry and commerce revive the
world over, and that the national
revenue will increase in proportion.
FATHER AND SON WEEK.
Though a trifle apDalled. perhaps,
by the pertinent procession of spe
cially designated weeks weeks in
which to eat oranges, weeks in
which to pray for the heathen,
weeks in which to do this, that or
the other thing the average Amer
ican citizen and hearth tender must
feel a certain definite response to
the suggestion that a Father and
Son week be observed throughout
the land. Back in his busy head.
somewhere, the most active and
successful of men realizes that if
he has been blessed with a son
his first .duty is to the boy.
Queerly enough, this duty is often
lovingly neglected. So important
seems the accumulation of material
benefits for the children that the
privilege of really understanding
them, of being both friend and
father, is neglected. Father and
son, though dwellers in the same
household, are scarcely more than
strangers to one another. It is
very fortunate if, in the develop
ments of later years, this lack does
not burgeon into mutual regret for
the might-have-been. Somehow to
contrive the correction of such sit
uation is the aim of Father and Son
week, lately launched from New
Tork by J. A. Van Dis as a national
movement. Its maxims are:
A noble character is a father's
best gift to his son.
The greatest profession in the
world is that of being a father.
What will it profit a community
if it gains the whole world and
loses its own boys?
It is rather a shrewd commentary
on the American home as an insti
tution that such a movement should
ever be necessary. To blink the
facts, however, does not help mat
ters. If Father and Son week be
observed until fathers have found
their duty and sons their true re
lationship to their fathers it will
thereafter be unnecessary to con
tinue the custom by proclamation.
The week will lengthen to years.
When it comes to speed, the
German printing presses turning
out marks and the Russian ones
working on rubles cause us to
Lpause before setting the recent
aviation record down as tne fastest
human achievement of modern
Now come reports that the Arctic
ocean is getting so much warmer
that the icebergs are disappearing.
LMust be getting preliminary reports
from this Oregon election cam
paign. Now a scientist reports that he
has found a "life-giving" serum. A
lot of people will need it if they
keep o disregarding the ordinary
rules of hygiene and sanitation.
The impossibility of ever corner
ing the monkey market will seem
apparent to one who observes the
number of people who continue to
make monkeys of themselves.
Eastern states and yiat is any
thing the other side of Denver-
find pride and profit in retaining
their delegatio.ns in congress. So
The .Federal Reserve bank in
Chicago has half a billion gold re
serve. The man with a big roll of
currency in one pocket Is not
Traveling Americans seem to be
taking heart from the fact that
there is nothing to compel a thirsty
man to take passage on an Ameri
Our idea of a futile task is trying
to discover a relationship between
the advancing price of leather and
reports that bootlegging is increas
If only there were some way to
impose a poll tax on candidates.
this state's tax problem would be
solved on the spot.
The parade the night before
election will give the young voter
a touch of his dad's strenuous life
a generation ago.
Some of those European coun
tries seem inclined to declare a
moratorium on even their debts of
The Turk has a way of burying
his victim alive; but he has nothing
on his enemy when the situation is
At Vancouver a man of 60 has
just taken his sixth bride. Perhaps
that explains "going like sixty."
The "mystery" of the burled leg
ought to be solvable. The number of
one-legged men is not great.
"Christmas" is appearing in the
advertisements. It has not got
down to 'TCrrias ' yet.
Oregon is flirting with minimum
BITTERNESS IS GRAVE MENACE
Apathy of Voters Blamed for Ca
neighborly Strife Over School.
PORTLAND, Nov. 2. (To the Ed
itor.) Prior- to the opening of this
campaign Portland was a harmo
nious community, unvexed by fac
tional religious strife, Today it is
a hotbed of recrimination and bit
terness. An issue has been intro
duced that has done the community
more lasting harm than, all of the
alleged and pretended evils of the
private and parochial schools could
have done in 50 years. It has bred
factional controversies in the Prot
estant ranks, divided the Masonic
fraternity and has involved the
whole community in the turmoil
of such bitter religious controversy
as it has never before known.
The old-fashioned gospel of Chris
tian charity, tolerance, forbearance
and brotherly love has gone out of
date. Trouble began with the ad
vent from Texas of aself-ordalned
custodian of the Protestantism and
lOt) per cent Americanism of Port
land. The services of an alleged
"escaped nun" were engaged to
start out with an utterly wanton,
unprovoked and inexcusable cru
sade against St. Vincent's hospital,
an institution that in a career of 47
years has ministered to the needs
of 140,000 patients and that, like
the Good Samaritan hospital, is the
pride of every patriotic citizen of
Portland. The good Sister Lucretia
at Gresham provokes the "batter
ing up" of an ex-service man for
distributing a defense of St. Vin
cent's hospital signed by 52 Prot
estant physicians. On the ensuing
Sunday, in a public school building
at St. Johns, a free fight is "pulled
off" under the auspices of the Port
land school board. Later, Director
George B. Thomas. Klan candidate
for city commissioner, and Director
W. H. J. Clark. Klan candidate for
joint senator from Clackamas and
Multnomah, join in tendering our
public school buildings, built with
the money of Catholics, Protestants
and Jews, to Sister Lucretia to fur
ther fan the flames of religious bit
terness and discord. How long
would the Protestants of Portland
stand for such a crusade against
Good Samaritan hospital? The great
est menace a real menace to our
public school system is the apathy
of the electorate. Any political com
bination that can muster 10,000
votes in this city of 300.0QO people
can absolutely control our schools.
It is worthy of note that the
school monopoly bill, ostensibly ad
vocated as a Protestant measure,
has not been indorsed by a single
Protestant church er organization,
while the most representative min
isters and laymen of the Episcopal,
Methodist, Presbyterian, Congrega
tional and other churches are openly
fighting it. Proponents of the bill
are now frankly declaring that the
pending bill is but "the first step"
and that the elimination of Reed
college, Willamette and the colleges
at Forest Grove, Newberg, McMinn-
vilie. Philomath and Albany will
follow as a logical sequence.
.How long is poor old Oregon to
continue being the dog on which
all these legislative freaks are to
be tried out?
CHARLES B. MOORES.
SCHOOL OFFICE NON-PARTISAN
Plea for Mr. Churchill's Re-Electlon
on Baals of Just Desserts.
CORVALLIS. Or.. Nov. 2. (To the
liditor.) l desire to express my ap
preciation of the record of Mr. G. A.
Churchill, who has served Oregon
for nine years as superintendent of
public instruction and to indorse his
candidacy for re-election. He is the
nomineeof the republican party and
has been indorsed by the democratic
party. He was appointed to the of
fice in 1913 to fill the vacancy caused
by the resignation of L. R. Alder
man. In 1914 and again in 1918 he
was named on both the republican
and democratic tickets and was
elected by large majorities.
It is the custom in many states to
regard the office as non-partisan
and to retain indefinitely officers of
approved merit. The position is both
administrative and judicial. As law
yers regard the judiciary, so teach
ers and the public are coming to
consider the office of school super
intendent above and apart from
questions of political and partisan
During my 25 years' residence In
Oregon three men have been at the
head of the state school system J.
H. Ackerman, L. R. Alderman and J.
A. Churchill. Each had a statewide
reputation as an educator at the
time of his election and each has
left a notable record of achievement
in the educational progress of the
As a member of the teaching pro
fession I am deeply interested in the
prestige of the of fice of state su
perintendent of public instruction
Mr. Churchill measures up to the
standard as a man and as an edu
cator. By natural endowment, by
educational and professional train
ing, by continuous study, by fre
quent contact with the leaders in
state, regional and national educa
tional meetings he has kept abreast
of the times. He has gained na
tional recognition among educators
and his counsel is sought and valued.
State Superintendent Churchill is
an officer wno can ana does co
operate with others, both in and' out
of his profession. He has the judi
cial temperament so essential in an
administrative position. During his
service in the office he has main
tained and advanced Oregon's stand
ing among the leading states educa
tionally. He has the vision and de
votion to carry on. There are im
portant problems yet to be solved
and Oregon needs tne sane, pro
gressive leadership which Mr.
Churchill has demonstrated he pos
sesses. E. D. RESSLER.
Marriage Witnesses In Washington.
PORTLAND, Nov. 2. (To the Edi
tor.) Tell me, please, if when one
goes to Vancouver to obtain mar
riage license and both parties are of
age, ia a witness required, either to
get license or at the wedding?
One witness who knows both par
ties or a witness foT each party if
they cannot find a witness who has
known both for the past six months,
is necessary to get a license. At the
ceremony, two witnesses are neces
sary, but they do not have to be ac
quainted with the couple getting
married. If either bride or bride
groom is under age, he or she must
be accompanied by the - mother,
father or legal guardian to get a li
cense. (Unless, however, they have
the parent's written consent, when
only a witness who will swear to
the parent's handwriting is neces
sary.) Infringement of .Patent.,
WALDPORT, Or., Oct. 81. (To the
Editor.) (1) If one possesses the
Ingenuity to make for his own use
an article that has been patented, is
he infringing on the patent?
(2) Define manufacture.
R. L. YOUNG.
(1) It would technically be an
(2) Manufacture, the verb: To
make or fashion by working en or
combining material, by hand or ma
chinery, especially when done in
.aoaAtUU o ) a, regular bufiiftAS,
Those Who Come and Go.
Tales of Folks at the Hotels.
"In the ten years that I have been
a resident of Roseburg I have never
seen conditions so good as they are
at present in Douglas county,"
states' W. J. Weaver, manager of
the Umpqua hotel at Roseburg.
"The prune crop, as is generally
known, is of the bumper variety.
Those who ' sold early received a
good price and I believe that those
who held onto their prunes will
also get a good figure, as the price
has been improving In the past few
days." Mr. Weaver, registered at
the Imperial, says that the road
work in the county is still going
on, for the weather has not pro
duced a stoppage in this activity
yet. There is still a considerable
number of motor tourists filtering
through Roseburg over the Pacific
highway and patronizing the well
equipped auto camp, which the c'ty
There is mud and plenty of It on
the Mount Hood road, but Dave
Anderson got through from Welches
and is registered at the Imperial.
Mr. Anderson, man and boy, was
connected "with Anderson Bros."
stables in Portland. Once the
stables were at Third and Madison
and then they were located at Fifth
and . Taylor streets. In those days
most of the hacks were mobilized
at the Anderson stables and when
the hackdrivers got together and
talked all of the inside gossip of
the town was exchanged. What the
hackdrivers didn t know wasn t
worth mentioning to a police re
porter. Of recent years Dave An
derson has been living at Welches,
on Salmon river, and he is now
building one of the largest and most
complete residences in that section
of the mountains.
Some of the people who visited
Government Mineral Springs- hotel
during the season just closed came
in on stretchers or crutches, but
none of these left that way. One
woman who had been bedridden for
years was able to walk away from
the resort, which is located on the
Wind river, 15 miles from Carson,
Wash., without even the aid of a
cane. L. B. Markham, proprietor
of the hotel, who makes his home
in Portland dur'ng the winter
months, reached Portland yesterday
after finishing the. greatest season
ever enjoyed by his health and I
recreation place. "We had to turn
away as many as a hundred people j
some days," said Mr. Markham, j
"and it is our present intention to
double the capacity of the hotel for
the season of 1923."
So far as Crook county is con
cerned, what it needs more than
anything else at present is more
settlers. These are needed on the
irrigation project. Jay Upton, state
senator for Crook, Deschutes, Jef
ferson, Klamath and Lake counties,
was at the Benson yesterday. He
arrived in the morning and left for
home last night. Senator Upton,
who practices law at Prineville and
has a ranch in Crook county, where
he is managing a dairy herd, states
that the county will be getting back
on its feet In a couple of years if
the cattle business improves. One
of the main resources of Crook
county is cattle and as the market
has been down for a long time the
cattle raisers have not been the
most jubilant citizens in Oregon.
Lonnie Hayden of St. Louis, dis
tinctly in the who's who of horse
dom as one of the three best Ameri
can, exhibitors of five-gaited horses,
arrived yesterday to participate in
the annual horse show, bringing
with him a string of show horses.
Mrs. Hayden. remained in St. Louis,
a fact that causes some disappoint
ment, for if Mr. Hayden is famous
his helpmeet is not less so. Report
has it that she is the niece of the
late Jesse James. Mr. James some
years ago established quite a record
for cross-country riding.
Colonel Mercer, the .veteran chap
lain of the state senate, arrived in
Portland from Eugene yesterday.
Colonel Mercer is almost as much
a part of the legislative organiza
tion as the president of the senate,
the speaker of the house,' or Joe
Singer, sergeant-at-arms of the
house. The colonel is really the ser-
geant-at-arms of the senate, but
owing to his versatility he says the
prayers over that group every morn
ing wnen none of the local Salem
ministers appears to perform the
service. The colonel's prayers are
strictly republican in tone, and sen
timent. After two busy days in- Portland,
William Pollman left for his home
in Baker, where he will remain until
he has voted next Tuesday. Then
he will come back to Portland to at
tend the livestock show. Mr. Poll
man has already made his reserva
tion ore the sleeper out of Baker for
Wednesday night- He has sent out
1000 letters to friends urging their
support of N. J. Sinnott for repre
sentative tor the second congres
sional district and of the scores of
replies he has received. Mr. Poll
man says not one has been, unfavor
able to Mr. Sinnott.
F. M. Wood of the Paulina coun
try, where he is a big stockman, is
in Portland on busines. Paulina is
a familiar name in central- Oregon.
The name was that of a. tough, hard-
boiled Indian chief, who was finally
Killed with his boots on by the
bullet from- the rifle of a white
settler. Apparently being short on
imagination, the name of Paulina
was plastered on a lake, a moun
tain and a town and a few other
bits of landscape. The Paulina
mountains were once volcanic.
Among the early arrivals for the
International Livestock exposition
is W. H. Hicks of Agasslz, British
Columbia. Mr. Hicks ia superin
tendent of the experiment farm for
British Columbia, which is under
the department of agriculture for
the Dominion of Canada. Mr. Hicks
is registered at the Multnomah.
Zadoc Riggs, druggist of Salem,
who was an unsuccessful candidate
in , the republican primaries for
nomination to the legislature from
Marion county, was in Portland yes
terday. He was talking politics.
Charles H. Gram, state labor com
missioner, who is a candidate for re
election on the republican ticket, is
among the arrivals at the Imperial
R. N. Donnelly of Richmond, down
in the John Day country, is at the
Imperial for a few days. He Is
sheepman and a former, member of
J. J. Wells, assessor of Morrow
county, is in town from Heppner.
He reports that "things are looking
good," especially with the sheep
T. B. Sumner of Everett, where he
has the Everett Iron works, is
among the arrivals at the Benson
from the Puget sound country.
Frank McTaggart, with the grain
elevator at Madras, Jefferson coun
ty, is In Portland on business.
P. L. Campbell, president of the
University of Oregon, is at the Hotel
Portland from Eugene.
M, T, O'Connell, a lumberman ef
Winloek, Wash, is at the Hotel Ore
gon, O. C. Gladden, an outdoor adver
tiger, si Seattle, ia tl the Benson,
Burroughs Nature Club.
Copyright, Houghton-Mifflin Co.
Can You Answer These Questions?
1. Are kingbirds enemies to other
birds? What color are their eggs?
2. When do coyotes mate?
3. Please answer the following
questions in geology: How are the
so-called bird tracks of the Con
necticut valley accounted for? Why
do the trap rock ridges of the state
front the west?
Answers in tomorrow's Nature
Answers to Previous Questions.
1. What is the incubation period
of the robin? Of the English spar
row? The robin is from 11 to 14 days;
the English sparrow from 12 to 14
days. The incubation period is
likelv to varv a trifle witn aimosi
any species, due to circumstances of
weather, latitude, etc., as continuea
coolness would retard hatching a
2. Are the little gherkins used in
pickle a special kind of cucumber,
or lust tiny ones?
The common pickle is made irom
Immature fruits of the garden cu
cumber. But the name gnermn
probably comes from a supposed
resemblance to a small wild cucum
ber called "West Indian Gherkin,"
Cucumis Anguria, of the' West In
dies and parts of South America
narrimlarlv Brazil. Its fruit IS
more spherical than our idea of
gherkin pickle, and prickly.
3. Are flies eenerally considered
better bait for trout than natural
A question in sporting technique
la rather bevond this column. On
general principles, trout respond to
bait of the same character as what
they happen to be feeding on; and
this will differ with tne region, r-a.-,-ifip.
coast trout like salmon roe
streams where grasshoppers abound
on the borders are tempted by these;
in others, wasp grubs may be ef
fective. The use of the "fly" is to
take advantage of the trout's curi
osity and natural aptitude to dart
at something that attracts his hope
INTENT KNOWN IN ADVANCE
Evasive Design In Pierce Trans
action Plain to Chairman of Board.
PORTLAND. Nov. 2. (To the. Edi
tor.)-- Mr. Pierce's effort to jus
tify his admitted fraudulent raid on
the irreducible school fund In 1903
he says that Mr. Olcott, as secre
tary of state, did the same thing in
1913, but he very adroitly overlooks
the fact that in his case he says
that he consulted Governor Cham
berlain in advance "of his applica
tion and secured his approval of his
intended fraudulent transferring of
title to portions of his land to rela
tives and friends. Indeed, Governor
Chamberlain, in his recent attempt
to whitewash Pierce in the matter,
says he understood that Pierce was
to "arrange with relatives and
friends" temporarily to transfer
title of his lands so the loan might
be made to circumvent the law. Mr.
Dunbar, the only other survivor of
the land board of 1903, has recently
publicly stated that he knew noth
ing of such an agreement as Cham
berlain and Pierce state they had
with each pther.
The difference in the two trans
actions, as stated by Pierce himself.
is that in the first case .he and the
chairman of the land board had a
private understanding that this
fraudulent transferring of land titles
was to take place, and in the Olcott
case, which Pierce cites, it is not
even hinted that any member of the
land board knew of the intended
fraudulent transferring of title.
In other words, according to
Pierce's own admission in his case
and his "charge" in Olcott's case, in
the former he went in "cahoots"
with the chairman of the land board,
without the knowledge of its other
members, and in the latter case the
members of the board knew nothing
of the intention of the applicant for
the loan to evade the law by mak
ing fraudulent affidavits.
inese are not mere campaign
charges, but facts taker from the
record. We are soon to know how
far thinking people are willing to be
Influenced by a prolonged blast of
hot air. OBSERVER.
SCHOOL BILL AND MQ,UOR LAW
Comparison Invoked In Inquiry Con
cerning: Dr. Pence's Position.
PORTLAND. Nov. 2. (To the
Editor.) Having read the an
nouncement that Dr. Edward H.
Pence, pastor of Westminster Pres
byterian cnnrch, is to speak against
the compulsory education bill to
morrow evening, I wish' through
your columns to ask him if he will
please tell his audience what in
fluences have brought him finally
to this position, which is contrary
to that heid by our denomination.
(See latest issue Presbyterian Di
gest.) I am informed that Dr. Pence
signed the petition to have this
measure placed on the - ballot and
that, although he signed the round
robin at Corvallls opposing the
measure, he has frequently stated
that he did so "with a great deal of
hesitancy." "under pressure" and
"just to be brotherly." In his re
cent newspaper controversy with
Dr. Nugent It was impossible to
disoover which side he was on.
I was honored by the Portland
presbytery in being sent as a dele
gate last May to the general as
sembly in Des Moines, Ia., and was
present when that honored body de
clared against tne repeal or weat
enlng of the Volstead law; and I
declare without hesitation that it
would be just as fitting for Dr.
Pence to urge the repeal of that
law as it Is for him to oppose the
compulsory education bill.
J. E. MARTIN.
Pay of Stenographers.
PORTLAND, Nov. 2. (To the Ed!
tor.) (1) Please tell me if the fol
lowing sentence is correct: "This
offer will never be made to you
2. If a stenographer renders
part-time service to business men,
how much, should, she charge for it?
(3) The rates of public stenogra
(2) Beginners are usually paid
from SO to 40 cents an hour.
S. Public stenographers from $1
to $1.50 an hour, according to the
class of work.
More Expected of Boys.
PORTLAND, Nov. 2. (To the Edi
tor.) As to Luclle Glover's caution
about being hard on the boyo who
don peon pants, while ridiculous
creations are tolerated on flappers;
it should be borne in mind that boys
are expected to have better sense.
If they disregard the expectations
of the fellow students they deserve
reprisals, WALTER C. HAYNES.
The Disturbing- F.lement.
Maleney Jr. What's an amicable
Maloney Br, A town where
there's aa OirisS. Oi funposa, sonny,
More Truth Than Poetry.
By James J. Montague.
The man who takes my money.
W lien I bank it, once a week.
Has, a smile that's softly sunny
And a voice that's mildly meek.
He aiways tries to show me
I can read it on his map
That he's mighty glad to know me.
Arid he thinks I'm quite a chap.
But there's nothing that is sunny
On the visage, dour and dank.
Of the man who pays me money
When I draw it from the bank.
I can see his disposition
In his glum and surly look;
I can take in his suspicion
That I'm nothing but a crook.
Gratitude appears to savor
The receiving teller's grin;
He regards it as a favor
That I put my money in.
There is hatred in the glitter
Of the paying teller's eye.
For to him it's hard and bitter
To let any cash get by.
I am always light and merry
Fit for any playful prank
On the mornings when I carry
My small savings to the bank.
But I'm far from being cheerful
I am clothed with gloom and
Feelings guilty, scared and fearful i
When I draw my money out!
Doesn't Help Much.
Too many dramatic companies
give the star merely their moral
Something Else Again.
As a rule, the man who complains
loudest about the cost of living is
the man who goes around offering
speculators $50 apiece for tickets to
a Yale-Harvard football game.
(Copyright. 19-2, by Bell Syndicate. Inc.)
By Grace E. Hall.
No beauty is in words. The phan
That we idealize, escapes all form
Even as melody, heard when wild
Is something more than notes that
touch the heart
A tender something in the soul, that
In answer, yielding us our Inward
Our own response that holds us
When sunset, lingering, paints the
We strive to weave our words about
this glow .
This evanescent sweetness, kin
To make another know what we
Yet words but sadly falter and
Some souls are like fine harps keyed
to the touch
Of each vibration, soft and low
But there are those that give no an
Because the harp is crude and in-,
In Other Days.
Twenty-five Years Aero.
From The Oregonian, Nov. 3, 1S97.
Storm skirts in winter, bicycle
skirts in summer short skirts ail
the year round. This epitomizes the
sentiment of the women of the
Practical Progress club, which met
last night to discuss the subject of
dress reform at Grand Army hall.
Madrid. Spain, in concluding her
reply to the United States, ex
presses the hope that the filibuster
ing phase of the situation will be
changed and that the United States
will try to prevent further viola
tions of the neutrality law.
The city dredge has been moved
up to the head of Swan Island and Is
busy improving the channel there,
this being the shallowest place in
the river. The river is lower at,
present than it has ever been before.
New Orleans. The fever situation
Is encouraging and the hoard of
health states that if the cooler
weather continues for a few days
the disease will become non-lnfec-.
Fifty Years Ago.
From The Ore-KOnlan, Nov. 8. 1872.
New York. The Scott monument
will be unveiled in Central park to
morrow. William Cullen Bryant
and others will deliver addresses. ,
Paris. Secretary-General St. He
lione. in reply to numerous corre
spondents, states that Theirs does
not want to be mads president for
life. The German troops have evac
Thn Stark-street ferryboat waa
detained eome time last night at
this side, having run high and dry
on the new roadway.
Trains wiU commence running to
St. Joseph, a distance of 48 miles,
Thirteen Norwegian immigrants, .
arriving in Portland by the last
steamer, have found homes in Ben
ton and-other counties.
SUPPORTF.RS HELD NAPPING
Other Signers of Negative School BIU
Argument Said to Regret Act.
PORTLAND, Nov. 2. (To the Edi
tor.) I have read the letter of Mr.
Hanna on the editorial page, also the
article which appeared several week
ago from another Presbyterian min
ister. These gentlemen were two of
the 25 signers to the negative argu
ment on page .10 o'f the pamphlet
issued by the secretary of state con
cerning the compulsory education
bill and other measures. I am well
informed that there are others who
regret eigning these negative state
ments. It is clear that the interests oppos
ing this bill were unusually active
in presenting their side of the case
to various leaders of public opinion
and enlisting their support as well
as shaping their prejudice before the
campaign had fairly begun. This Is
an old political dodge and It always
brings home the bacon. It Is for this
reason that so many Influential peo
ple are opposing thin measure who
otherwise would have been for It.
The proponents of the measure were
simply asleep and I doubt very much
if they will ever realize just why It
AN INTERESTED SPECTATOR.
Vote on Poll Tax.
WOODLAND, Wash., Nov. 1. (To
the Editor.) To settle a contro-.
versy, which way should one vote,
for or against to annul the law? I
know the state republican conven
tion went on record as against th
law last June at Chehalls. and i
wish to vote right. A READER.
, We presume that you refer to the
poll tax. The measure to be voted
on in Washington is to annul the
tax. It you want to annul the tax