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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 18, 1922)
VOL. LXI XO. 19,263
.Entered at Portland Orejrn)
Postofflre m Seconrt-class Matter.
PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY, AUGUST 18, 1923
PRICE FIVE CENTS
CAN BOAST GLACIER
15 IN FISHING PARTY
WRECKED ON BAR
ORIGIN OF LIFE
4 CONVICTS ESCAPE;
TO PAY TUITION
G DIE, MANY FLEE
BEER IN 2 YEARS
HONEST TO GOODXESS FIELD
OF ICE DISCOVERED.
COLLEGE yOUIHS CAUGHT
ONE IS WASHED OVERBOARD
BUT IS RESCUED.
DEPUTY SEVERELY KNIFED
WITH &t $ DRUGS.
Minnesota Forest Fires
Leave Throng Homeless.
2000 MEN BATTLE FLAMES I
Dozen Cities in Danger;
Guardsmen Called Out.
GOVERNOR IS IN CHARGE
Drought in Northeastern Partof
State Causes Worst Con
flagration Since 1918.
DCLUTH, Minn..' Aug. 17. (By
the Associated Press.) Six known
dead, hundreds homeless, at least
two towns wiped out and a dozen
others Jn imminent danger was the
apparent toll tonight of forest fires
which swept northeastern Minne
sota today, causing the worst con
flagration since 1918. when 400 per
sons lost their lives.
Governor Preus tonight personally
took charge of the situation, order
ing: out national guardsmen here for
SOOO1 Men Fight Fire.
Drought conditions have increased
the menace to alarming proportions,
according to state forestry officials,
and tonight more than 2000 men
were fighting fires in various sec
tions. Official reports were that Fair
banks, Silver Creek and Pimio, all
small settlements, had been de
stroyed, the refugees mainly fleeing
to Two Harbors. Cotton and Cen
tral Lakes also were reported de
stroyed. Fires also were reported in Wis
consin, where, it was said. Druaa
mond was menaced, but telephone
communication with that place was
. Fighters Forced to Flee.
AH the fires are said to have re
cruited from smouldering peat beds,
which were whipped into raging
furnaces by a. strong wind and
spread to nearby forests.
Thousands of volunteer guards
battled the flames on the various
sectors throughout the forenoon
but the fires leaped past fire lines
everywhere about midday. Fight
ers were forced to flee.
When the guards left the fire
fighting they turned their attention
to removing townspeople and set
tlers to places of safety. Through
co-operation of the state highway
department, which rushed every
available truck to the fire zone, the
refugees were hastily removed. Not
a. single fatality was reported from
the districts where organized effort
was made to rescue the refugees.
Family of Six Trapped.
Duluth was given a scare late
today when the wind shifted to the
north, bringing dense clouds of
The only fatalities were reported
by Captain Leo J. Moerke of the
Duluth tank corps, who said a fam
ily of six was trapped by the flames
The towns reported to have been.
burned are Cotton, with a popula
tion of 500, about 47 miles north of
Duluth, and Central Lakes, a small
railroad town near Cotton.
The centers of the worst fires are
Kelsey, 50 miles north of here, and
Kveleth, 90 miles north. There are
dozens of small fires.
Guardsmen Aid Refusers.
National guardsmen are assisting
in transporting refugees to tempo
rary quarters in nearby towns.
Reports from, the various fire
areas tonight indicated many farm
ers had lost their homes. It was
believed .the loss to livestock would
be heavy. Fire is reported to be
dangerously near several small
towns. Guards were working to
night to protect these towns.
The greatest loss to property and
livestock was reported to have been
caused by the Kelsey fire, which
leveled Cotton and Central Lakes.
The fires near Eveleth also de
stroyed some property.
Los Angeles Business Men Hiking
Up Creek Valley Make As
LOS ANGELES, Cal., Aug. 17. A
glacier has been discovered in the
San Bernardino mountains, in San
Bernardino county, 100 miles east of
Los Angeles and nearly six miles
from Seven Oaks, in a region never
suspected of harboring a field of ice
according to word brought here by
K. G. Leonard and S. C. Freefield.
business associates of this city.
They described the glacier as com
prising a field of solidified 'snow,
about a quarter of a mile long, vary
ing from 75 to '150 yards in width
and from 15 to 20 feet in depth. At
its base, they said, there was a
grotto or ice cave from which flows
"We were on a recreation trip,
they said, "When we chanced upon
the glacier. We came upon it by
following up Barton creek. The
terminal moraine is beautiful. The
stream has tunneled underneath the
snow and ice and flows out of a
"We found great boulders which
the glacier had thrown up, and in
side the moraine were parts of the
trunks of trees five feet in diameter,
which were broken off 500 or more
"On the top of the glacier, is soil,
with green things growing on it.
while underneath are ice and snow.
It is the only glacier we have found
in many years of tramping over the.
HARDING'S DOG HAS SON
Offspring of Laddie Boy Living
in West Xew York.
NEW YORK, Aug. 17. Laddie
Boy, the first Airedale of the land,
has a 5-months-old son living in
west New York. The offspring of
the White House dog got his name
on the police blotter today when he
was found scrapping with another
pup in a vacant lot. He was held
for his owners, Mr. and Mrs. Charles
Coffelt. He ran away from home
four days ago.
The young Airedale bears the
name, "Happy Boy," and his distin
guished ancestry was made known
only, after he had been brought
home. . The Coff elts said they had
not advertised their lost dog as the
son of President Harding's pet,
fearing that if the finder knew that
fact no amount -of money would
tempt, him to give up the young
Move to Gain Votes in
Congress Is Afoot. -
PROGRESS IS REPORTED
Only. 50 More Places
House Declared Needed.
DRYS DISPUTE CLAIMS
General Counsel for Anti-Saloon
League Says More Than 100
Seats Are Necessary.
COYOTE KILLED BY AUTO
Driver Forced to Spaced Up to 40
Jliles to Slay Forager.
THE DALLES, Or., Aug. 17. (Spe
cial.) A coyote which went forag
ing along the Columbia river high
way near Rowena last night paid
for its boldness with its life, . al
though the death-dealing automo
bile had to get up a speed of 40
miles an hour to overtake the flee
Asher Winkler and, Guy Phette-
place of this city were driving near
Rowena when the half grown coy
ote, with a fat hen in its jaws, sud
denly stepped into the road directly
in front of the glaring lights. The
coyote turned and ran straight
ahead of the car, but was run down
finally. Winkler collected $4
ST. PAUL, Aug. 17. Fires dotting
the wooded country from a point
100 miles north of here to the Cana
dian boundary present a menace
more serious than any in years,
W. T. Cox, state forester, said to
night. Disaster Is Feared.
"In other years," Mr. Cox said,
"the dry spots have been localized,
but this year the drought conditions
are general. A wind that would
Ignite the small Vires' would create
a disastrous condition, against
which we are bending every. effort
FORESTER ISSUES WARNING
Washington Wardens Cautioned
to Guard Against New Fires.
OLTMPIA. Wash.. Aug. 17. (Spe
cial.) Fresh warning to beware of
new forest fires and to guard care
fully against old. ones not com
pletely extinguished breaking out
again was sent to all fire- wardens
today by State Forester Pape, fol
lowing receipt of a forecast of for
est fire weather for the next three
CLEMENCEAU CHIDES SAM
America Didn't Finish AVar Job,
NEW YORK. Aug. 17. Cyrus H.
K. -Curtis, Philadelphia publisher,
returned to the United States to
day after seven weeks in Europe,
with word from former Premier
Clemenceau that French war lead
ers felt "America never finished her
He said he had talked with the
former premier and was told that
those who had controlled France
during the war felt that the United
States had failed to assure France
assistance against possible German
ENVER PASHA IS KILLED
Body of Turkish ex-Minister of
War Found on Battlefield.
MOSCOW, Aug. 16. IBy the Asso
ciated Press.) Enver Pasha, Turkish
minister of war and recently chief
antagonist to bolshevist rule in the
trans-Caucasus, was found dead on
the battlefield in eastern Bokhara,
according to advices received by the
He was attired in a British uni
form. He was stabbed five times
on August 4 in" fighting against the
BY ARTHUR SEARS HENN1NG.
(By Chicago Tribune Leased Wire.)
WASHINGTON, D. C, Aug. 17.
Beer and light wines within two
years and possibly by next summer
is the promise held out to the thirsty
by the Association Against the Pro
hibition Amendment, which is or
ganizing throughout the country to
carry the congressional election for
the consummation of this t pro
A change of 50 votes would record
the house in favor of 4 or 5 per cent
beer and 10 per cent wine, according
to the association. The organiza
tion's prime aim, therefore, in the
November election will be to bring
about the return of at least 50 wet
members of congress in place of that
many dry incumbents. Numerous
gains of this character already are
being claimed by the association as
a result of .the primaries.
Claim Disputed by Drys.
Wayne B. Wheeler, general coun
sel for the Anti-Saloon league, dis
putes this claim. He says it would
take a change of more than 100
votes to make the house wet.
"In the primaries up to date," said
Mr. Wheeler, "only one dry repre
sentative in congress has been de
feated by a recognized wet. That
was in the Peoria, 111., district. Pri
maries have . been held in 256 dis
tricts, 227 members of congress be- i
Ing renominated, of whom 178 are j
drys and 49 wets. The new candi
dates are dry in the proportion of
two to one."
If the wets should win the next
congress they would not have an
opportunity to move the modifica-!
tion of the Volstead act until a year
from next December unless the
president should call an extraordi
nary session earlier for some pur
The association working to re-
Are Made on
. iled by Secret
A 4" A1 Montreal.
Tribune Leased Wire.)
BRf o KG, Ont., Aug 17
Unitr C yes detectives hold Peter
Scully, ears of age, and Bernard
Gordon, 22 years old. at Buffalo
with more than $25,000 worth of
drugs, which they had purchased in
Both of the lads are college stu
dents. They declared that they
were smuggling drugs in order to
pay their way through college.
They we approached by one v of
the powerful drug rings across the
line and told how easy it was to
smuggle drugs into the United
States and how much money a small
The Buffalo police got the lads on
tips furnished by United States se
cret service agents now working in
Montreal.- The bulk of the drugs
consisted of morphine and cocoaine.
PRIZED PAINTING FOUND
Rare 1 7th Century Product Is
Brought to Paris.
PARIS, Aug. 17. A painting of
Deigo Rodriguez Velasquez, the
great Spanish painter of the early
17th century, which formerly hung
in one of the Hungarian art gal
leries and was reported sold to a
buyer in the United States for
$250,000, has been located and
brought to Paris by the son of the
celebrated Hungarian painter, Guyla
de Benczur, to be appraised.
The painting, according to re
ports, was held up by the Hungarian
authorities for the payment of a
heavy government tax.
FAKE CIGARS ARrJ OPIUM
Customs Collector at Honolulu
Uncovers Narcotics Fraud.
HONOLULU, T. H., Aug. 17.
(Special.) Fage cigara, which are
nothing more than glass tubes con
taining opium, are being used to
bring the narcotic into this port.
-aacording- to Harry E. Murray, col
lector of customs for this port.
"Manila cigars" seized a few days
ago proved to be nothing more
than glass tubes, stuffed with
opium and wrapped in the outer ci
TACNA-ARICA PACT WINS
Gasoline Boat Rustler Engulfed
by Huge Waves When Pas
sengers Are Saved.
TILLAMOOK, Or., Aug. 17. (Spe
cial.) Roy Brock of Forest Grove
was washed overboard and 14 other
persons on he gasoline rboat
Rustler narrowly escaped a like
fate today when the Rustler was
driven on the south spit of the
Bar View bar.
Brock was rescued from drowning
by persons on the Rustler and all
aboard the little craft were taken
from the boat ang. brought eafely
ashore by members of the life
saving crew belonging to the coast
guard ' station at Bar View. The
life-savers reached the scene of the
wreck 25 minutes after the Rustler
had stranded on the spit.
The Rustler was engulfed by huge
waves rolling in over the bar-from
the ocean and to the 300 persons
who watched "the perilous position
of the boat and its passengers from
the Bar View jetty, it seemed as
though at least some would lose
The rescue was accomplished at
great risk on the part of the life-
ving crew and with great diffi
culty owing to the heavy seas which
broke over the stranded boat.
The Rustler, which plies between
Bay City and Bay Ocean, had started
out to sea with a party for deep sea
fishing when it was hurled upon
the spit. It is believed that the
Rustler will be a total loss.
Pet Theory of Paleontol
ogists Held Proved.
FOSSILIZED BONES PROOF
Remains of Animals of First
FIND CAUSES ELATION
HOME HAS RARE HISTORY
French House Just Rebuilt Has
Seen MncU of AVar.
(Copyright, 1922, by the New York Times.)
(By cmcago xriDune jueasea wire.)
PARIS, Aug. 17. On the front of
a house just rebuilt at Vailly, in the
Aisne department, has "been placed
a tablet bearing this inscription:
Built in 1640.
Burned by Cossacks in 1814.
Pillaged by Prussians in 1815.
Then by Russians in 1816,
Rebuilt in 1840.
P'llaged by Prussians in 1870 and
Pillaged and razed by Boches, 1914
Rebuilt in 1922.
Doctor to Sail From Pekin Next
Month to Aid in Mapping
Expedition for 1923.
(Concluded on Page 3. Column 3.)
Peruvian Chamber of Deputies
LIMA, Peru, Aug. 17. The cham
ber of deputies voted almost unani
mously the approval of the Tacna
Arica agreement between Chile and
The senate has already given
SINGULAR SNAKE FOUND
Specimen " of Black Variety Is
Killed at Heppner.
HEPPNER, Or., Aug, 17. (Spe
cial.) An eastern blacksnake mea
suring five feet two inches in length
was killed near the depot here this'
morning. This is the first specimen
of blacksnak ever found in this
part of Oregon and speculation is
rife as to how and when his snake
He may have escaped from a cir
cus that recently showed here, or
he may have come through in a
consignment of freight from some
point east of the Missouri river.
AND STILL BOYS WILL GROW UP WITH THE AMBITION TO BE PRESIDENT.
IMMIGRANT TIDE STRONG
(Concluded on Pg 2, Column 3.)
Summary Shows 4 0,000 Come to
Country Since July 1.-
"! WASHINGTON, D. C, Aug. 17.
Nearly 40,000 immigrants have en
tered the United States since July 1,
the majority coming from t Italy,
Russia, the United Kingdom, Ger
many, Greece and Czecho-Slovakia,
the bureau of immigration an
nounced today in a summarization
of the status of aliens entering this
country under the three per cent
restrictive immigration act.
About 320.000 more can enter dur
ing the remainder gf the fiscal year.
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fL TO DEATH THAN ACCEPT - ' fr" fo'L
POUTF . r SUCH HUMILIATING TERtrtS."-' a')
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)cyzz i The strike j xL.. - A a.
NEW YORK. Aug. 17. (By the
Associated Press.) Proof of the
paleontologist's pet theory that
Asia was the "mother of continents"
and the cradle of life on this globe
carrying with it great promise of
the discovery in the wastes of the
Gobi desert of the long-sought
"missing link" in the evolution of
mankind has been found by the
third Asiatic expedition led by Roy
Chapman Andrews for the American
Museum of Natural History, Henry
Fairfield Osborn, the museum's di
rector, announced today.
The "proof," to the uninitiate,
would appear to be just a heap of
fossilized bones, dug up by a band
of curious men in the frozen waste
lunds of Mongolia. But to the mind
ira'ned in groping back through
hundreds of thousands of years for
history of the days when man was
not. these fossilized remains of
dinosaurs and other prehistoric
beasts and reptiles furnish a con
clusion simple . and inevitable as
"two times two."
Discoveries Fally Reported.
The discoveries, barely hinted at
in cable dispatches, are fully report
ed and interpreted by Dr. Osborn
original proponent of the "Asia,
mother of continents," hypothesis
in the current issue of the magazine
Asia. The magazine co-operated
with the Museum and the American
Asiatic association in organizing
this, most ambitious of all similar
expeditions, toward the financing
of which liberal contributions were
made by J. P. Morgan, John D. Rock
efeller Jr., Willard D. Straight,
George F. Baker, Darwin P. Kings
ley, Dwight W. Morrow, Childs
Frick, W. A. Harriman, the late H.
P. Davidson and many othey.
The hypothesis put forward by Dr.
Osborn in 1900 and now confirmed
to his satisfaction was based on
the fact that two great deposits of
remains of animals at the dawn pe
riod of mammalian life on the north
ern hemisphere had been fpund pre
viously at widely separated points
the one in Europe, the other in
the American Rockies.
Point of Origin Figured Out
They could not have originated
where the remains were found. Dr.
Osborn reasoned, else they would
have spread westward from Europe
and eastward from the Rockies dur
ing the period of early dispersal.
Hence, he held, they must have
originated at some half-way spot' on
the less explored side of the globe,
traveling as far as the Rockies on
the one hand and Europe on the
other, before the early sun. set on
the last of their line. He then drew
up a series of charts, locating Asia
as the dispersal center and plotting
out with a nicety remarkable in
view of the expedition's discover
ies the spots where the first cen
ters probably were located.
A little further on than the ex
pedition has gone so far is the sec
tion labeled "primate" the species
of ape held by paleontologists to
have been the first ancestor of man.
So enthusiastic has Dr. Osborn
become over the expedition's dis
coveries to date and the promise
for the future that he plins to sail
for Pekln, the winter headquarters,
September 15, to get first-hand re
ports and aid in mapping out the
campaign for the second year of the
Writing, with elation, on the re
port received from Mr. Andrews, Dr.
Osborn said of the fossil deposits:
Theory Declared Verified.
This discovery gives the answer
to one of the four great questions
which the expedition sought to
solve, namely, whether ancient Asia
is the mother of the life of Europe
to the far west, of North America
to , the far east. It is a kind of
realization of a paleontologic Gar
den of Eden of the birthplace, or
Asiatic homeland, from which many
kinds of reptiles and mammals
spread westward and eastward.
The existence of such a center
has long been a matter of pure the
ory. We have waitea until iszz to
verify it. This verification has come
with unexpected suddenness and
with a completeness beyond our
fondest hopes, and there still re
main four years in which the great
expedition, under Roy Chapman An
drews, will fill out the details."
Mr. Andrews' report was made in
a letter dated May 9 at Urga, in up
per Mongolia. The party had set out
from Peking a month before, trav
ersing the desert by motor truck to
ward Turin, where they planned to
meet a caravan of 75 camels with
Several Posses Start in Pursuit of
South Dakota Outlaws
SIOUX FALLS, S. D., Aug. IT.
(By the. Associated- Press.) After
severely knifing Arthur Muchow,
deputy warden, four prisoners es
caped from" the South Dakota peni
tentiary here late today, faking
George W. "Jamieson, warden, with
them. The prisoners fled in a motor
car parked by a tourist just outside
the, prison walla
Several posses of state, county
and city officers aided by members
of the local post of the American
Legion, immediately started in pur
Early tonight the prisoners had
cot been overtaken and apparently
Warden Jamieson had not been re
leased from their car as no word had
been received from him by local
The only trace of the fleeing men
was contained in a report from Ellis
where they stopped and stole an
other car, presumably in hopes of
avoiding detection. The four men.
whose names are Henry Coffee, Joe
Foreman, Joe Teel and J. B. King,
were serving sentences for grand
larceny. Coffee is a negro.
It appeared to officials that the
escape had been planned in advance.
The four men started a commotion
in the tailor shop at the prison and
Deputy Muchow hurried to ascertain
what was the trouble. When he
reached the shop the convicts at
tacked him with knives which they
had obtained from some unknown
source. Deputy Muchow resisted
and was badly cut, being stabbed
twice 'n the abdomen and once in
the breast, as well as sustaining
several minor slashes. A report
from the hospital tonight was that
his wounds would not prove fatal.
Strike Situation to Be
Put Up to Congress.
LONGER DELAY IS OPPOSED
President Feels Whole Issue
Should Be Aired.
VITAMINE IDEA OVERDONE
Give Children Common Sense
Diet, Says Professor.
MADISON, Wis., Aug. 17. Give
children a common sense diet of
vegetables, cereals, fruit and milk
and don't worry about vitamines, Dr.
E. J. Huenekens, professor of ped
iatrics at the University of Minne
sota, advised, in speaking before the
congress of health officers today.
Too much attention is paid to
vitamines, he said.
SOUTHERN CITIES JOLTED
Earth .Trembles at Fresno,
Bakersfield and Elsewhere.
BAKERSFIELD, Cal., Aug. 17.
A slight earthquake was felt in
Bakersfield at 9:14 tonight. The
quake was felt as far away at
Wasco, 20 miles from here.
FRESNO, Cal., Aug. 17. A slight
earth shock, was felt in Fresno at
9:10 tonight, no damage resulting.
JOINT SESSION LIKELY
Iieport Is Expected to Cover
Peace Negotiations as Well
as Other Angles.
100 MARKS 8.75 CENTS
German Currency Declines to New
Low Record at New York.
NEW YORK, Aug. 17. The Ger
man mark today declined to a new
low record price of 8 cents a
One bank reported it had offers
of 10,000,000 marks at this price and
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
Concluded, on Pace- 2, Cojumo X-i
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperafuro,
88 degrees; minimum. 60 degreea.
TODAY'S Fair and continued warm:
winds mostly southerly.
Two students smugrg-le drugs to pay col
lege tuition. Page 1,
Funeral Viscount Northcliffe held from
Westminster abbey. Page 2.
President expected to send strike mes
sasra to congress today. Page 1.
Government hopes to avert trouble next
winter by early resumption oi cou
mines. Page S.
Senate is expected to pass, and president
veto soldiers' bonus bill. Pge 8.
Beer In two years, promised by wets.
Rlaeier discovered in San Barnardino
mountains in Calitornia. Page 1.
Minnesota towns razed by fire. Page 1.
Chicago women declared dupes or sen-
siyiea iu - o
Five children get only $5 each from mil-
lioi. Page 3.
Woman, 71, mother of six, enters Colum
bia university. Page 2.
Orieln of life found in Asia. Page 1.
Four convicts escape, kidnaping warden.
Wrtman candidate for senator from
, Washington expected to quit race.
15 in fishing party wrecked on bar.
Savage New York Nationals slash Pitts
burg, 6-3. Page 14.
Pacific Coast League results: At Seattle
12 Portland 8; at Sacramento S, Salt
Lake 4; at San Francisco- 8, Vernon
1; at Los Angeles 3, Oakland 7.
Anzacs and Spaniards battle to tennis
tie. Page 14.
Sarazen closing in on another title. Page
Commercial and Marine.
Strength of stock market held to indi
cate financial confidence. Page 22.
Westbound water tonnage from Atlantic
coast increased by rate cuts. Page 12.
Wheat up and flour down at Portland.
Veal quotations advance locally. Page 22.
All grains in upturn at Chicago. Page 23.
Railroad bonds up at New York. Page 23.
Portland and Vicinity.
Grand Jury opens Precinct 201 probe.
Strike-breakers testify in trial of shop
workers for contempt. Page 16.
Senator Hall says he will not support
Mr. Olcott for governor. Page 13.
Amorous printer's love note gets him
rock-pile sentence. v f age ll. (
Klan in Oregon nor to back third can
didate, says state head. Page 16.
Portland to' have tax claims 'service.
Page 22. .
Weather report, data and forecast.
WASHINGTON, D. C... Aug. 17.
(By the Associated Press.) Presi
dent Harding was said by adminis
tration advisers late today virtually
to have decided to go before con
gress In Joint session tomorrow
with his statement of tl'e industrial
situation. Indications were that
the chief executive would deliver
his message by noon. He was
known to have concluded writing
the message, which was sent to the
The decision to address congress
tomorrow was reached after earlier
reports had indicated that the presi
dent might, defer his statement on
the strike situation until after the
railroad conference in New York
had reached some definite con
clusion. More Delay Proponed.
Administration advisers said to
night, however, that the president
felt he should delay no longer in
presenting the administration's case
to congress and the country.
Proposal was made In a bill pre
sented today in the house that the
interstate commerce commission be
authorized to fix wages and salaries
of all employes of interstate rail
roads on such a basis as would
give to the carriers "a reasonable
Income and a fair and reasonable
The president's message to con
gress, it was said, will suggest need
of legislation to strengthen the
government's coal distribution sys
tem, and to prevent profiteering
from the shortage , brought about
by the coal and rail strikes.
In addition. It was understood.
he will sketch a hlBtory of his at
tempts to settle the Industrial tie-
ups by negotiations and. It is be
lieved, will assure congress that
the federal government intends to
give its aid and protection to the
maintenance of rail operations. It
is doubtful whether there will be
any suggestion for legislation af
fecting the rail situation.
Administration leaders, including
Senator Lodge and Representative
Mondell, republican, consulted to
day with the president and Secre
tary Weeks was closeted with him
later for a study of the message.
Before going to the White House,
Secretary Weeks received from the
legal department of the army an
opinion that the strike situation
did not constitute an emergency
which would authorize the recruit
ing of the army to war strength,
or to allow the drafting of men in
time of peace.
Opinions Akd to Knd Doubt.
While no such action was con
templated, Mr. Weeks said the
oplnlon3 were asked from the judge
advocate-general to settle any doubt
in the minds of officials and the
public as to he power of government.
Both the senate and house wcri
in session today ready to hear the
president, but the house adjourned
when it became known" that he in
tended to delay his presentation
I another day. Representative Ward,
democrat, North Carolina, intro
duced a bill to give the interstate
commerce commission wags flxi l
authority in railroad employment
and providing a system of making
public wage rates similar to :hat
now operative for new freight
FAB WEST NEARLY NOKMAJj
Continued Improvement in Kali
Situation Is Reported.
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 17. The
far western rail strike, situation
continued to improve today. Vir
tually normal train movements were
reported from the Union Pacific's
Salt Lake City-Los Angeles line;
the Western Pacific again was mov
ing trains, and expected to move
freight trains by midnight, on Its
lines from San Francisco to Sal:
Lake City and the Santa Fe linos
were clearing up rapidly the con
gestion of passenger trains which
has grown up at Albuquerque. N. M.
The Santa Fe also moved east
today from Bakersfield, Cal., the
first train in seven days. Negotia
tions between railway officials and
leaders of the transportation
brotherhood men continued.
From Washington state came re
ports that eastern buyers were
showing reluctance to contract for
peaches, pears and prunes because
of uncertainty as to their movinK
east In time to meet the marke'.
A preliminary report was rece'voC
at Los Angeles from department uf
justice Investigators who have been
Coacluded on Page 2, Coiuma i.)