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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL." LiX VO 1 8 S(l2 entered at P s r 1 1 a d (Oregon!
VM J-A, J. 10,OOv Poetofflee . Second-Class Mutter.
PORTLAND, OKEGOJJ, TUUKSDAY, 31 AY 5, 1921
' PRICE FIVE CENTS
HARDING ASKS WOMEN
COUNCIL TO ACT
CABINET OF GERMANY
KELSO BANK CASHIER
. ALIVE, SAYS FRIEND
F. L. STEWART REPORTED SEEX
IX' CALIFORXLi TOWX.
MAGNETO WILL BAR
FISH FROM CANALS
FIXXY TRIBE TO BE SHOCKED
BACK INTO RIVERS.
TO STAY WITH PARTY
DECIDES TO RFIN
TAKEN BY POLES
FEJIIXTXE REPUBLICANS GET
HUGHES XOTE DE
WORD FROM PRESIDEXT.
SPONSIBLE F' ALL.
CENSOR ALL FUN
ABOR PLEADS FOR
waiters Besieging Ital
ERMANS ARE DRIVEN OUT
lebiscite Police Ceases to
unction When Move Starts.
RTILLERY DUEL IS ON
nie Fleeing; Germans Are Shot
nd Homes Abandoned, but "o
Looting Is Permitted.
OPPELX, Upper Silesia, May 4.
Jy the Associated Press.) Or
inized Polish force, estimated at
,000, hare occupied all of Upper
lesia south of a line running from
osel to Tarnowits,- with the excep--n
of a few large towns, and are
oving further northward, according
information supplied by a mem
r of the Tnter-allled representa
Italian forces at Gross Strehlitz to-
hy opened with artillery fire on
les who were attempting to occupy
e city. The Poles replied with field
Defeat la Forecast.
Colonel Bond, British control of
er at Gross Strehlitz, reported to
itish headquarters here tonight
at he opened artillery fire on 2000
3000 Poles attempting to occupy
e city. The Poles brought up light
Id pieces and were replying.
Colonel Bond, who has approxl-
ately 200 Italian troops, also re-
rted that he probably could not
Id out long.
. British sergeant-major has been
rtally wounded. A crowd of Ger
ns attacked a Pole in Oppeln and
Ht him to death. In Kattowitz
wds are parading the streets but
re is no fighting. -
The. Poles who attempted to march
o Gross Strehlltx used motor lor
s and were supplied with rifles,
chine gun and dynamite.
Italian troops at Rvbnik. well unnth
the plebiscite area, comprising a
giment of infantry and two ma
ne-gun companies, were surround-
by 3000 Poles and a pitched bat
continued for several hours. The
Han known dead were three nffl.
one of them of high rank, and
Freaek Are Silent.
Polish members of the plebiscite
Ice disarmed the German members.
were taken across the border
er several Germans had been
led, it was added. The force h3
sed to function.
The informant declared the rr.nh
ops were not offering opposition.
that the Poles had not had
shes with the French. The British
icers were said to disapprove of
situation and were threatening to
The main body of Polish forces
s said to have crossed the border
motor lorries Monday, taking pos
sion or the border towns, blowinir
railway bridges and cutting wires.
ey drove out the German residents.
is aeciarea, meeting virtually no
Adelbert Korfanty, Polish plebiscite
mmissioner. was at that time in
;irsaw. it is stated. Ho learned of
.fans report then boing circu
ed that the council of ambassadors
a decided to give only the Pless
1 Kybnik districts to Poland.
Germans Ordered Out.
This report was the signal for Kor
ty io carry out his threat "to
-use the Germans out of the coun-
Greatcst Service' or Suffragetes
Said to Lie Within Present
' Political Organizations.
PHILADELPHIA, May 4. A tele
gram from President Harding declar
ing the greatest service of women in
politics "is within the organization
or parties, was greeted tnth ap
plause when read at a meeting today
of the state chairmen of the repub
lican women's political organizations
of the eastern division. The telegram
"I wish you would convey my cor
dial greetings and my expressions of
gratitude to the Women of the eastern
division of the republican women's
organization. I cannot refrain from
expressing a deep interest in every
-The new era in American politics,
which calls women into the activities
of the government, offers inspiration
for women more frequently to get to
gether for a fuller understanding of
the obligations of the . citizenship
which they have assumed.
"I need not tell you I firmly believe
that the greatest service of women-Is-within
the organization of the par
ties, which are the chief agencies of
popular government. I hope we shall
have the influence of you and your
associates in making the republican
party one of auch purposes and such
performances as to enlist the enthusiastic-devotion
of American woman
hood throughout the land."
All Angles of Project to Be
Ministers Find, .pito Proposals
Inipossih 5 cause oi Bad
Econonw o Conditions.
MAYOR PREVENTS DELAYS
Mr. Bigelow's Objection to
Railroad Offer Pacified.
CONFERENCE AGREED ON
Final Tote on Referring Street Va
cation Issued to Voters June
7, Expected Tomorrow.!
POLICEWOMAN NERVY ONE
Mob Held at Bay and Xegro Who
Beat Her Protected. -
JERSEY CITY, X. J., May 4. Miss
Mary Lauder, woman police detective,
today held at bay a mob of 200 men
and women who tried to wrest from
her a negro prisoner who a few min
utes before had beaten her almost to
Miss Lauder went to the home of
Abraham Johnson, negro, to arrest
him for disorderly conduct. He was
choking her when a fire captain came
to her rescue. Johnson knocked him
unconscious' and fled.
When Miss Lauder came to her
senses she followed and found the
fugitive surrounded by a crowd shout
ing "Lynch him!" She drew her pistol
and ordered the crowd back.
. Two hours later Johnson had been
tried, found guilty and sentenced to
90 days in -the workhouse 'for disor
rmed men appeared on the Polish
e and moved intd Silesia. All were
U armed and officered and had ma
ne guns ana motor lorries. The
icers began distributing mnnev
cng the peasants, whose sympa
es were apparent, and ordered the
rman residents to leave. Few per
s were killed, but there was much
dom shooting to terrify the flee-
Germans, who left their houses
h the doors open, despite which.
wever. there was no looting or de-
s the Poles advanced the plebiscite
ice turned out and the Polish
icemen were reported to have
de short work of their German
rades, who were forced to hand
their arms and were conducted
the border and driven into Poland.
ose who resisted were beaten or
hvattowitz, Koenigschuette, Beuthen
1 Tarnowiti were invested after
nor fighting with few casualties.
Monday afternoon the whole
thern section east and north of
el was held by the invaders, who,
ever, were not in complete pos
Ion of Kattowitz, and had met
ir first serious resistance from the
lians in Rybnlk.
the right wing of the Polish forces
turned north from Tarnowitz,
today were reported marching
LES WARXED OF DANGERS
nch Note Calls Attention to Se
rious Consequences Likely;
hARIS, May 4. (By the Associated
s.) The French government, it i
SALARY INCREASE FOUGHT
Washington County Grange to
HILLSBORO, Or., May 4. (Special.)
Washington county Pomona grange
will invoke the referendum on the
bill increasing compensation of
Washington county officials, passed
by the last legislature. Petitions
signed by a grange committee, headed
by B. G. Leedy, were filed today. They
ask that the salary measure be re
ferred to the voters at the general
election In Xovember, 1922, and if
completed prior to May 23, which is
the date the salary law becomes ef
fective, will prevent its operation.
Under the law, the county judge's
salary is raised from $1200 to $1800
a year and the commissioners' pay
from $3 a day to $3.x The sheriffs
salary is made $2400 and that of the
clerk $2100, while other officers get
WOMAN, MAN, FOUND SHOT
Scene of Tragedy Within View ot
Los Angeles Police Station.'
LOS ANGELES, May 4. Mrs. Marie
Maynard, 38, was shot and killed late
today in her home within sight of
the central police station, and Albert
Fite, 44, was found unconscious in
the same building, with a bullet
wound in his head and a revolvtr
near his hand. Thj police said they
believed Fite shot Mrs. Maynard, th-n
attempted to take his own life.
Fite was taken to the receiving
hospital, where it was said there wa
little chance for his recovery. The
police said they found evidence tha
liquor had been illegally handled in
Upon suggestion by Mayor Baker,
members of the city council yester
day . afternoon formally, instructed
City Attorney Grant and City .En
gineer Laurgaard to prepare papers
carrying all angles of the projected
$2,000,000 freight terminal far Port
land for submission to the council at
a meeting to be held tomorrow morn
ing, with a view to taking a final
vote 'referring' the entire subject to
the people for their decision as to
street vacations at the election to be
held June 7.
Mayor Baker's skillful handling of
the acute situation which arose dur
ing the session of the council yes
terday afternoon saved the terminal
project from indefinite delay, it is be
lieved, for Commissioner Bigelow
took a decided stand against certain
phases of the- conditions offered by
the railroads, especially with regard
to block Y, in. front of the Union sta
tion, which he insisted should be kept
free of obstructions to traffic, and
for a time it looked as "though the
meeting would end In a fluke...
Mr. Bigelow Opposes Offer.
Representatives of the railroads
including Arthur C. Spencer and
Judge George T. Rcfd, were willing,
as on previous occasions,, to enter
into an agreement with the city
whereby they wcu permit the city
to use the block for park purposes
provided the taxes were cared for
by the . city. Mr. Bigelow refused to
accept this proposal and, having
within himself at this particular time
the power to thwart submission of
the matter to a vote of the people,
he had to be listened to with con
sideration. "I absolutely refuse to back up
wllen a railroad man says 'no to our
proposals," Mr. Bigelow Shouted at
one time near the close of the ses
sion, bringing his fist down with a
resounding whack on a desk by the
' Mayor's Smile Significant.
It was then that Mayor Baker's
broad smile saved the day. It was
contagious and everyone laughed.
"I might get ma too," said the
mayor, smilingly, "but Ve can't af-
fCoPlnded on Page 2. Column 3.)
LOXDOX, May 4. A telephone mes
sage from Paris gave a, Berlin dis
patch saying that in view of the sit
uation that arose in consequence of
the reply of Secretary Hughes to Ger
many's counter-proposals on repara
tions, the German government de
cided to resign.
Chancellor Fehrenbach informed
President Ebert of the cabinet's de
cision, whereupon the president re
quested the ministry to continue to
deal with current affairs, which it
consented to do.
LOXDOX, May 6. The Berlin cor
respondent of the London Times un
derstands Chancellor Fehrenbach and
Foreign Minister Simons have re
signed, but that the rest of the cabi
net remains. He also says that the
suggestion of Dr. St. Hamer.as new
foreign minister has been dropped at
Dr. St. Hamer's request. -
It is believed in Berlin Dr. Gustav
Stresemann, leader of the people's
party, will be the new chancellor, and
that Dr. Mayer, ambassador at Paris,
will be the new foreign minister.
The German cabinet was fbrmed
July 25, 1920. It follows: Chancel
lor, Konstantin Fehrenbach; vice
chancellor and minister of justice,
Carl Heinze; minister of foreign af
fairs, Dr. Walter Simons; finance. Dr.
Wirth; interior, Herr Koch; defense,
Herr Gessler; transport. General
Groener; food, Andres Hermes; posts
and telegraphs, Johann Giesberts;
economics, Herr Scholz; treasury.
Herr von Raumer; commerce, Herr
Scholl; labor, Rev. Dr. von Braun.
The German cabinet met this morn
ing in anticipation of discussing de
velopments at London. A meeting
was held yesterday, but . no action
was taken relative to the reparations
While the Berlin government was
not unprepared for the answer con
tained in the American state depart
ment's reply to Foreign Minister Si
mons, both the foreign minister ana
his colleagues in the cabinet bad
hoped that Secretary Hughes' answer
would be a trifle more precise in in
dicating the American interpretation
of "clear, definite and adequate pro
posals." To this extent the Ameri
can answer left the cabinet in a con
fused state of mind. It was stated.
'We are not clear in our minds
just what the United States govern
ment means in connection with its
suggestion that we make direct pro
posals," a cabinon) official declared.
"For instance, it is obviously diffi
cult for us to make clear and def
inite proposals because, for one thing,
we are dependent upon a multitude of
economic factors which we do not
control. This Is one of the reasons
why we suggest the Installation of a
commission of experts to pass on our
"We would have welcomed most
heartily any positive suggestion from
Washington, and would have been
equally anxious to carry it out."
Man Thought . Drowned, Ignores
Greeting and Hurries Away in
Aut, Is Salesman's Story.
KELSO, Wash., May 4. (Special.)
Belief In Kelso that F. L. Stewart,
cashier of the Kelso State bank, was
drowned' after his disappearance from
the ferry between Goble and Kalama
on the night of March 17, began to
vanish today when George Elwood,
an arrival from Los Angeles, said he
had een Stewart at Hanford, Cal.,
between March 22 and 24.
'Mr. Elwood, now a traveling sales
man for a barber supply house, for
merly was a barber in Kelso and was
well, acquainted with Stewart. The
visitor said, that at the time he saw
Stewart, he attached no speeial sig
nificance to the incident, as he had
not learned of the closing of tiie
Kelso State bank by Claude P. Hay,
state banking examiner.
"I was in a barber shop when 1
saw Stewart and a companion leave
restaurant," said Elwood. "I hur
ried out to greet him while he and
the companion were preparing to
enter an auto. I hailed him; he
turned and after one glance hastily
entered the machine and drove off."
Mr. Elwood said he could not re
call the exact day on which he saw
Stewart He added that he was con
vinced Stewart recognized him and
that there was no mistake about the
identification of the missing banker.
He said Stewart's actions were a mys
Stewart, after his disappearance
from the ferry, was beieved to have
been drowned, as his coat and hat
were left behind.
Dr. W. F. Crafts Would
DANCING HELO VERY WICKED
National Commission to Run
Film Industry Wanted.-
H0PE FOR BEER DOOMED
Oregon Divorce Record Declared
Bad and Uniform Law Wanted
Giving Only One Cause.
WASHINGTOX, D. C, May 4. Pos
sibility that the influence of the
nited States in reparations settle
ments with Germany had not ended
with the dispatch of Monday night's
(Concluded on Page 3, Column 1. )
BOY ROBBERS ROUNDED UP
Sons of Prominent Boise Residents
Caught With Goods.
BOISE. Idaho; May 4. (Specials
Ten youthful robbers active in pil
fering the shelves of small grocery
stores and tapping tills were rounded
up here during the week by the police
and tourned over to the probate court
for punishment. The boys were organ
ized and the goods, having a valu
of $300, were cached. Iost of th
young men are between 14 and
years of age and sons of prominent
Boise people. ,
All of the youths have been placed
by the probate court under the guard
ianship of William M. Morgan, former
chief justice of the supreme court,
now practicing law In this city.
5 GUILTY OF CONSPIRACY
Am stein and Others Convicted in
Wall Street Bond Theft Case,
WASHINGTOX, D. C, May 4 Jules
W. (Xicky) Arnstein and the four
other defendants were found guilty
tonight of charges of conspiracy to
bring stolen securities into the Dis
trict of Columbia.
Th-s case arose out of a $5,000,000
Wall street bond theft, and the de
fendants are expected to be placed o
tr'al soon in Xew York as the next
step in their prosecution.
Sentence will not be imposed for
two weeks. The maximum Is two
years' imprisonment, or $10,000 fine.
lCuui.iudi.il ea-i'aa 2, Cu.uuia Z.i
WEBER E.L00MIS DEAD
Astronomer Wlio Claimed DiscoT-
ery of "Dead Planet" Succumbs.
SPRINGFIELD. Ill, May 4. We-ber
E. Loomis, astronomer, died in a hos
pital here yesterday. Today some of
his closest friends viewed the grave
stone he had designed for himself oa
which the courses of the planets are
traced and the moor, and many stars
His home was partly devoted to a
telercope room, to which the public
was at an times welcome. As a re
sult of his research there he claimed
the discovery of a "dead planet
JAPAN TO FIGHT SOVIET
Moscow Paper Declares Decisive
Action Is Planned.
T.IGA, May 4. The Izvesta of Mos
cow prints a report that Japan is
planning decisive action aga'nst the
Soviets. The newspaper declares th
plan Includes bringing the-army of
General Wrangel to Siberia by Japan,
thia army to join the fbrces of Gen
eral Semcnoff, the anti-bolshevik
The Izvesta asserts that the Jap
anese military attache in Paris dined
recently with Russian officers there
and promised (htm aid. J
HE NEEDS A LOT OF WORK DONE.
Reformation of the practices of the
American people has barely started.
Dr. Wilbur F. Crafts of the Interna
tional reform bureau, who arrived In
the city yesterday, sketched an out
line of some of the various activities
which the bureau has in view
Among these reforms art r Clearing
up the motion-picture situation; tight
ening the Volstead act so that beer
cannot be prescribed as medicine; ob
taining a uniform divorce law; Intro
duction of the Bible, or at least the
ten commandments, into the public
schools, and recreation commissioners,
who shall supervise the recreation
activities of the people, auch as look
ing after the dancing, theaters and
Oregon Record "Bad."
Oregon has a bad record for di
vorces, charged Dr. Crafts, one of the
worst records in the United States.
being exceeded only by Xevada. The
doctor says that when the divorce
law is offered In Congress it will be
bitterly fought by Senators Smoot and
King of Utah. The only grounds for
divorce whieli the bill will provide
will be the scriptural one, but the law
will permit of separation because Dr.
Crafts says he does not believe In
forcing a woman to live with a drunk
en brute. Separation may bring about
the husband's reformation.
Dancing is one of the greatest evils
of the day, the noted reformer as
sured, particularly are the modern
dances, with their shimmying and
cheek-to-cheek and their hesitation.
These dances, declares Dr. Crafts, are
even worse than the sex films of the
motion-picture world, against which
the doctor is also making a drive.
No Beer to Be Goal
"The humbug of medicinal beer
will be cut out of the Volstead act,
prophesied Dr. Crafts, for that is an
other of the congressional reforms on
the schedule. Xo one ever heard of
beer being prescribed aa a medicine.
and no one ever heard of a drugstore
selling beer, -said he, although beer
has been used for convalescents. I
beer is permitted for medicine, there
will be the greatest army of con
valescents ever known, continued Dr.
Crafts. And, speaking of beer, the
international reform bureau is dealing
with the beer question In many lands
and has issued pamphlets about beer
in ten foreign languages, including
the new Chinese script. , ,
Restriction on transmission of race
gambling information is another re
formation proposed. This is not to
prohibit giving the news of the win
ning horses, but it is to prevent the.
publication of odds, so that making
of handbooks will be discouraged.
The gambling devices, such as the
nickel-in-the-slot machine. Is also to
be put under the ban. as well as all
other gambling paraphernalia and.
Drug Bill la Proposed.
At the request of the Chinese club
of Seattle, the bureau is planning
morphia bill. Dr. Crafts declares
fliat tons of morphia, bearing the
names of New York and Philadelphia
concerns, are shipped to Japan to be
smuggled Into China. The reading of
the American names on the drug is
Yakima Game Wardens Expect
That Xew Device Will Sato
Lives of Speckled Beauties.
YAKIMA, Wash.. May 4 (Special )
Three of the larger Yakima irriga
tion canals have been protected with
electric fish-stops, the third one of
which has just been installed by
County Game Warden Creenman in
the Congdon canal. Other canals
which have been protected are the
Xaches-Selah and "Old Power House"
Stops are to be installed next in the
Hubhard, Selah-Moxee. Tieton, and
Gleed canals. The government win
place stops in the Sunnyslde and Wa
pato canals and the Pacific Power &
Light company will protect Its Xaches
power canal in the same way.'
The county game authorities ex
pect the work to go on unfil all canals
and irrigation d'tehea of considerable
size will be guarded against fish. In
this way, it is expected, the" large 'an
nual loss of fish in Irrigation canala
will be practically eliminated. .
Efforts have been made for many
years to find a device .which would
bar fish from the canals and at the
same time meet the other require
ments of the situation. The electric
stop which the officials now are in
stalling Is the first that has appeared
to meet- the situation. It uses an
automobile magneto driven by a water-wheel,
to generate electric cur
rent, which is conducted to a series, of
terminals set in the water on both
sidus of the stream. When fish com
within the "line of fire" their bodies,
feeing better conductors of electricity
than Is water, receive the current,
with, the result that the fish back off.
turn tall and flee. It is said that a
fish that once lias encountered the
electric stop thereafter shuns that
place and cannot be Induced to enter
the canal again.
STAY IN PHY CUT
Odds Too Heavy in Life's
PRICES CHARGED TO PROFIT
Wages Paid Have Little to Do
With Costs, Is View.
CHARLES SCHWAB RAPPED
VLADIVOSTOK HAS PLAGUE
Pneumonia Epidemic Is Swccplnjr
Siberian City, Is Report.
WASHIXGTOX, D. C, May 4. A
serious outbreak of pneumonic plague
at Vladivostok, Siberia, Is reported in
a cablegram received today at Amer
ican Red Cross headquarters here.
The message gave no details.
Red Cross officials said this plague
was more deadly than the bubonic
plague. It is a form of lobar pneu
monia, and a similar plague ten years
ego in Manchuria resulted in the
death of (5,000 persons.
Speclcr of Unemploj meut I
Ghoot That Will Xot Dom ii,
I'nlou Leader Asserts.
PEONAGE CASE CONTINUES
John S. Williams and Son Arc In
dicted in Georgia.
MACON, Ga.. May 4. Indictments
charging peonage and conspiracy to
commit peonage were returned
against John S. Williams and his
sons, Marvin, Hulon and Leron, by
tha federal grand Jury today.
John S. Williams was recently con
victed of murder in connection with
peonage cases and sentenced to life
imprisonment. Other indictments
charging murder are pending against
him and his sons, who have never
OIL PRICE IS REDUCED
Rockefeller Interests Announce Cut
Outside of Xew Jersey.
NEW YORK, May 4. The Standard
O'l company of New Jersey today an
nounced reductions of one-half cent
to a cent a gallon In the price of
various grades of gasoline.
The order affectj, territory outside
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
. Th Weather.
TESTER DAY'S Maximum temperature, 61
denreea; minimum, 48: rain.
TODAY'S Fair; westerly wlnda
Berlin cabinet to resign. Pan 1.
Police patrol in Ire,nd wiped out. Paf a 3.
Poles capture upper Silesia. Pace 1.
France pays tribute to Napoleon. Paso 4.
Friendship with America eajy, cayo Xorth
chffe. Page 13.
Borah disarmament conference plan re
jected by senate naval committe.e.
causing an ill-will against the Lnit-IPeace efforts fail In marine strike. Pace B.
ed States In China. Of late, however, WeMcott said to have known all about
Hording slated to sign Immigration I
trictlon bill. Page 2.
the drug Is being shipped through
South American countries. Thj
morphia bill should nave tne sup
port of the Pacific Coast, states the
Dealing with the purification of
the movies. Dr. Crafts commends the
13 standards which have been adopt
ed by the motion picture people. He
Bays that these standards are more
trict than he would have dared to
write and that if he had penned them
movie people would have declared
them double-dye blue laws.
CommlnaloH la Proposed.
Dr. Crafts would like to see a com
mission, sometning nae tne inter
state commerce commission, to deal
with the films. As he outlines his
plan, no producer could make pic
tures until a license is granted by the
commission and at the same time the
producer should sign a contract te
ve up to the 13 standards. Then,
turn, the exhibitors would have
to sign a contract to show no film
which violated any of the 13 stand
ards, and with federal inspectors
browsing around tjo see that there
were no .violations, the motion pic
ture business would be pretty well
urbed as regards sex films. Dr.
Crafts says ' that aome of the films
are worse than the Sam T. Jack show
other days, and the doctor put
Sam T. Jack off the road as a re
There are four departments in life,
tCuaciUdtd oa Pae 2. Cuiiuaa i.J
Labor pleads for atay in pay cut. Page 1.
Preparedness develops surprising strength
in house. Pago 7.
Harding asks women to stay with party.
Witness tells of Mrs. Stlllman't meeting
with Indian, race 3.
National foreign trade council in session
In Cleveland. Paso 2.
F. K Ftewart, Kelso banker, alive, aays
friend. Page 1.
Magneto will bar fish from canala. Pag 1.
Clackamas) bridgo bids to bo invited.
Pacific Coast league results: At Portland
1, Oakland 3 (game called end of sixth
Inning); at Seattle 3, Vernon 4; at Cos
Angeles 10. Salt Lake 2: at tan Fran
cisco, Sacramento game postponed;
rain. Page 12.
Edmundson scheduled to box Winter to
morrow night. Page 12.
Commercial and Marine.
Flour higher becaune of recent advances In
wheat. Page 21.
Selling by Kansas, farmers unsettles wheit
at Chicago. Page 21.
Steel stock closes at gain, despite cut in
wages. Pago 21.
Seafarers release shipping board craft from
strike control. Pace 20.
Two vessels chartered for wheat. Pace 20.
Portland and Vicinity.
James W. Staten sentenced to federal
prison for theft of automobile. Pago 1U.
Keeley loses suit against Journal. Page 10.
Dr. W. p. Crafts want! to regulate all
amusements. Page 1.
Council orders complete outline of terminal
plans. Fags 1.
City council declares Sullivan's gulch poul-
u-y Iirm auUaove, Pace li.
CHICAGO. May 4. With the pic
that life Is a "constant struggle with
the odds always acalnsl them" for
the unskilled labor on the railroads,
George Eastty. vice-president of tho
Brotherhood of the Railway and
Steamship Clerks. Freight Handlers
and Station Employes, today urged
the railroad labor board to refuse any
wage reduction at this time.
"Capital never goes cold and hun
gry." he Bald.
"We are here pleading the causo
of human beings who need food,
clothing and shelter every day of tho
year. To them the spectre of unem
ployment Is a ghunt never laid. To
them lite is aonslant struggle, with
the odds always against them."
Mr. Eastty declared that the publio
had been deceived when It was told
high wages were the cause of high
prices. 1'rofltn, he said, were Un
real cause of high prices.
Profits Mrld to Blame.
"A few day ago the chamber cf
commerce wanted to know what was
the matter with business, so it sent
for Mr. Schwab," h? continued. "Tha
philanthropic gentleman who heads
tho Bethlehem Steol company that
marvclously good man who receives
a new certificate of virtue every 90
days and who accepts medals and
crosses from European monarch and
double-crosses American labor an
swered the call and sale) "high labor
costs were to blame and that wages
in all lines must come down.
"It never occurs to Mr. Schwab to
suggest that profits come down. Mr.
Schwab did not tell the public that
after the wage increases had been
paid, the price of finished steel was
only 41 per cent higher In 1917 than
It was three years before, tho war,
while the increase in net profits per
ton of finished product wag 120 per
f IHOO Minimum Wanted.
Closing the unions' argument, E. K.
Grable of tho maintenance of way
employes declared that the members
of his organisation were the lowest
paid group of the railway workers.
He asked that the labor board estab
lish a minimum subsistence scheduls
of 11800 a year for family ot five.
W. J. Lauck, economist for the
unions, occupied most of the day In
presenting exhibits in all of which
the plea for an "American standard
of living" was stressed. He conclud
ed, with an analysis of figures pre
sented by the railways Intended to
show reductions In the cost of living
and the wages of outntdo labor, lie
pointed out what he called "defects"
in the carriers' exhibits, pointing to
the fact that they did not take Into
consideration the number of hours
worked a day and saying that only
basic Industries should bo used in
any fair comparison.
B. M. Jewell, head of the unions.
will close the union argument to
morrow. A night session will hs
held to expedite tho hearing and th
big four brotherhoods will bo heard.
Railroads are expected to comaioto
their rebuttal Saturday.
Priatrra' Pay Cat.
The arbitration board, whose dccl
on affects some 1S.000 members of
tne printing trades in Chicago, today
. , . 1 ti 4'. . .. J. - L-
announcea a rcoui;iiu wi , - " " -
for each of the four major crafts.
Compositors were reduced to It. 65
a week; pressmen to $4". Si a week;
feeders to $39.6S a week and book
binders to $42.15 a week.
This scale applies specifically to a
week of 48 hours, according to Harry
G. Cantrell, commissioner of Indus
trial relations for the Er.nklin
(closed shop) division of the Franklin
lypothctae of Chicago.
Bryan 1 Bcccher, secretary of th
Chicago Typographical union. No. 1.
the union Involved, said that tho em
ployes could not accept a decision
which embraced a 44-hour week.
Unrest and Organization of Help
less Worlters Predicted.
WSHIXGTOX. D. C. May 4
"There is no justification for tha 20
per cent reduction In the wages of
employes of the 'steel trust." Frank
Morrison, secretary of the American
Federation of Labor, declared today
in a statement commenting on the
announcement yesteray by the United
Slates Steel corporation of a cut in
wages effective May 1.
"Employe of the steel trust are
unorganized," he said. "They are
"If the steel workers were organ
ised," Mr. Morrison continued, "they
would be in a position to resist this
arbitrnry cut In wages, hut the work-
.ICoutiudeti oa l'atfu ii, Culuina 2.)
lui t o4.o