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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 5, 1920)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1920
ESTABUSHED BY HENBI L. PITTOCfe.
Published by The Oregonian Publlshlnc Co..
US Sixth Street, Portland. Oregon. '
C. A. ilOKUKS. B. B. F1FER.
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A STEP BACKWARD.
Oregon's hard-won reputation for
enlightened protection of the health
of its citizens is threatened by the
initiative measure to be voted on in
November in the guise of an "anti
compulsory vaccination amendment."
Its effect, if adopted by the people,
would be greatly more drastic than
the title indicates on its surface. Not
resting their case on the prophylac
tic value, or otherwise, of vaccina
tion for certain types of communi
cable diseases, the authors of the pro
posed amendment strike at the foun
dation of public authority to act
promptly and efficiently in case of
epidemics and to protect the people
against contagion. This sweeping
prohibilion of enactment and en
forcement of protective health regu
lations is apparent from the lan
guage of the amendment, which pro
poses to add to article XV of the
t.tate constitution a section which
shall read as follows:
Section ft. No form of vaccination. In
oculation, or other medication shall be
made a condition in this state for anmis
f;nn to. or attendance in, any public school,
college, university or educational Institu
tion; or for the employment of any person
In any capacity, or for the exercise of any
right, the performance of any duty, or the
enjoyment of any privilege.
All provisions of the constitution and
laws of the state and of the charters and
ordinances of all cities, towns, municipali
ties or counties therein, in conflict with
litis amendment, are hereby repealed.
The proposed amendment would
be self-enacting, and would auto
matically nullify the efforts of health
officials to serve the public interest.
There is, for example, a Portland
ordinance to protect the people
against the careless ' or criminal
handling of foodstuffs by persons af
flicted with loathsome diseases,
euphemistic ally called "social
diseases," though as a matter of fact
they are highly anti-social.
It would deny to the proper
authority the right to prohibit the
child in a family, other members of
which were suffering from smallpox,
or scarlet fever, or other virulent and
communicable maladies, from
spreading the infection through at
tendance at school, though the prin
ciple of contagion Is generally under
stood and widely recognized.
It would in effect grant to disease
carriers the right to go where they
pleased, when they pleased, pursuant
to their "exercise of any right," and
"performance of any duty," regard
less of the right of other citizens to
protect their own health, and of the
duty of the community so to afford
protection to the -Innocent and un
offending. Tfle gravity of the situa
tion warrants plain speaking, and the
judgment of lawyers who have
studied the proposed section, that it
would, for illustration, permit a suf
ferer from a malignly communicable
venereal disease to come in intimate
contact with the food supply of the
people, whje denying authority try
health officials to require that they
be rendered non-infective before pur
suing their occupation, deserves to
be set down with emphasis.
The foundation of disease preven
tion and of protection of the public
health is sapped by the sweeping
character of the proposed amend
ment in degree far- greater than
would be true if It did as a matter
of fact confine itself to Its professed
purpose the prohibition of compul
sory vaccination only. That, lacking
power U restrict attendance of
disease carriers at school during any
local epidemic, officials would be
compelled to close the schools as the
only lawful alternative, and that in
an epidemic of threatened gravity
they would be forced to resort to the
same alternative as to places of pub
lic concourse and amusement aggra
vates the amendment and furnishes
another reason why it should be de
feated. It has taken a good many years
for realization that private health is
a. matter for public concern to gain
a foothold. The sense of community
responsibility for the control, so far
as possible, of the spread of disease
has been won at too great cost to be
lightly discarded. The pending initi
ative measure should not pass, be
cause it is in this respect a distinct
step backward, irrespective of it3
bearing on vaccination only. Its
broadly-inclusive prohibitions re
move it from the relatively narrow
field of controversy between the ad
vocates and opponents of "preventive
therapeutics and thrust upon the
voter the responsibility for deciding
whether the health of the people is
a matter of community concern.
The plan of the American Forestry
association to establish a hall of
fame for noted trees will meet with
the approval of all who have respect
for historical connotations, or who
are attracted by the pleasing fancy
of a natural memorial. The states
of the Atlantic seaboard are rich in
these associations. The Charter Oak,
which was blown down in 1S56, when
its age wis computed to be close to
1000 years, is fresh in the memorv
of every schoolboy, notwithstanding
its fate, and its relics are still pre
served. There are Washington oaks
and elms throughout the region hal
lowed by the presence of .the Father
of His Country, and a pear tree
planted by John Kndecott in 1630
still stands as a memorial to a Pil
grim governor and pioneer adven
turer in horticulture.
It will surprise the lover of trees
In these parts to learn that, though
the Oregon country is a forest region
' Tar excellence, its arboreal traditions
rave, sever beea set down by any
competent historical authority. This
Is not. as a little reflection will show,
because we are without a significant
history. If the loVe of trees is a de
sirable trait.-It is but the practical
manifestation of it to preserve them
wherever possible and to perpetuate
their records against the ravages of
time. They are remindful in a thou
sand ways of the events with which
they are connected and they have the
power' of making history personal
and visible. '
The American Forestry association
has hit on a plan that deserves' the
j co-operation of all to whom history
is more than the dead record of
events that 'are passed. Doubtless it
will be carried out all over the coun
try. Can it be possible that the for
ests of the Pacific northwest have
no tales that they could unfold to a
The compulsory registration and
voting amendment on the November
ballot is peculiar for its uselessness.
The amendment does not in itself
establish compulsory registration or
compulsory voting, but authorizes
the legislature to enact such laws,
thus clearing away present constitu
tional inhibitions. , '
But there is something besides the
constitution that inhibits compulsory
voting in the United States. It is the
ingrained American love of personal
lHerty. Compulsory voting calls for
a police system of universal espion
age. But even with that obnoxious
European system in use compulsory
voting would doubtless fail here as it
has failed In. other countries. Else
where violations are so numerous
that the authorities are powerless to
inflict the penalties. But were it pos
sible to drag everybody to the polls,
no way is possible to prevent the de
posit of blank ballots by those who
do not wish to vote. .
The amendment is useless from
any angle from which it is viewed. It
would be foolish to burden the con
stitution with it.
ROCKING THE BOAT.
Senator Borah may of course hire
hall and speak when and where
he pleases on whatever subject he is
pleased to speak about; he may be
as irreconcilable as old Lucifer; he
ay. as he has more than once
threatened, abandon the republican
party; he may form a select and
scintillating little party of his own;
he may scrap the league, and he may
unscrap the constitution and the
Monroe doctrine; he may dedicate
the nation so far as he can to a
policy of isolation from the trouble
some affairs of a troubled world; but
he may not drive Mr. Harding, or
the republican party, into a position
of unalterable opposition to any
league or association of nations
It may be well for Mr. Borah to
remember we think he does that
the republican party in its platform
committed itself definitely to an "in
ternational association" which shall
be comprised of "nations pledged to
insist upon wnat is just ana lair ana
to "exercise their influence and
power for the prevention of war."
It may be well for Mr. Borah to re
member we think he does that Mr.
Harding as the candidate of the re
publican party, stands upon its plat
form, and has even suggested that
there should be an association or
tribunal "with teeth in it."
Senator Borah is adept at rocking
the boat. But he wont tip it over.
No one thinks he is trying to bring
about an upset only adopting his
favorite device of throwing a scare
into the pilot and the passengers.
He is a little late. A republican vic
tory in November is a forgone con
clusion rand an association of na
tions of some kind after March 4 is
another forgone conclusion.
TWO OLD FRIENDS RECONCILED.
The dramatic reconciliation be
tween Poland and Lithuania, when
they agreed to submit their bourf
dary dispute to the league of nations
for arbitration, brings together two
peoples which were united in the
most glorious period of their com
mon history and which went down
In common subjugation when Poland
was partitioned at the end of the
Poland was already an important
kingdom, thoroughly Christianized,
when the Lithuanians, who are of
the same race as the Prussians, were
a mere group of pagan tribes in the
woods and swamps of the upper Nie
men river. The Teutonic knights
pursued a career of conquest which
menaced the liberty of all the people
dwelling along the Baltic, and to
guard against this danger the tribes
united under the rule of a grand
duke, whose successors became con
querors to such good purpose in the
13th and 14th centuries that they
formed a great empire which ex
tended from the Baltic sea to the
Carpathian range and from the Bug
river on the west to the Desna on the
east, including Black, White and
Little Russia, and which exceeded
Poland in area.
Aggression of the Teutonic
knights drove Poland and Lithuania-
Into alliance in the year 1325. Dy
nastic union was formed In 13S6 by
marriage of Hedwig, queen of Po
land, to Jagiellon, grand duke of
Lithuania, from which sprang Po
land's greatest kings, under whom
the kingdom became a great power.
The union was originally loose, each
country having a separate govern
ment under a common head, and
Russian influence worked to detach
Lithuania. The kings strove against
this .tendency until in 1569 Sigis
mund, last of the direct line of the
Jagiellons, effected union of the two
legislatures. With that king's death
in 1572 and with revival of. the elec
tive system in consequence began
decline of the kingdom, ending in its
partition, in which Lithuania shared.
Almost all of the territory that . had
been won from Russia was restored
to that country together with the
part of the original grand duchy east
of the Niemen river, that west of the
Niemen being annexed by Prussia as
New East Prussia;
With the break-up of Russia and
the surrender of Germany after the
armistice. Lithuania formed an in
dependent republic, aided by British
military and political advisers, and
finally got rid of the German army
in December, 1919. Poland occupied
part of its territory against its pro
test, alleging a Polish majority In
the population and the military ne
cessity of connecting its line of de
fense against the bolshevlsts with
that of the Letts, but actually hop
ing to gain the territory that it had
held at the summit of its power. This
dispute proved an obstacle to an al
liance of all the new Baltic states
with Poland against the bolshevists,
which was attempted last winter.
Poland has been driven to seek an
outlet to the Baltic through Lithu
ania by the mistaken policy of the
Versailles, treaty in giving it only a
narrow corridor -to the sea and by
making Danzig a free city, which is
intensely German and hostile to Po
land, therefore will endeavor to nul
lify the comjnercial rights conceded
to Poland. But an economic alliance,
giving Poland commercial rights at'
Memel would secure for It all the
benefits of union without the friction
arising from subjugation of one na
tionality to alien domination. f This
lsan example of what ails Europe.
Racial divisions cut across territory
which is a unit economically and po
litically, and some independent tri
bunal is necessary to adjust such
conflicts on principles of equity.
W 11 Y HOBBLE HIM?
From a querulous . brothec The
Oregonian receives this jarring note:
When President Wilson asked Tor a
democratic congress in both branches, it
war a crime, an autocratic measure, some
thing too full of partisan prejudice for the
American people to contemplate; yet
"don't hobble the new president" by vot
ing for a democrat for senator Is -merely
sympathy for the people and pure patriot
ism. - .
Does The Oregonian honestly think the
American people fall for such bunk? If
they do this year, they won't any more
and that, is sure and certain.
During the war the president asked
for and goi the undivided and
wholehearted support of the Ameri
can people and both great 'parties.
He "adjourned politics" until another
general election came on, and then
he reassembled politics. He asked
the electorate to defeat all republi
cans, including those who had un
reservedly, continuously, . and some
times at a sacrifice of their own con
victions and interests, supported his
war measures; and he at the same
time asked for the election of all
democrats, without exception, in
cluding those who had blocked the
nation's plans to meet and conquer
Facing a foe from without. It was
both proper and essential that do
mestic issues be forgotten, partisan
ship be buried,, and even personal
animosities be waived. There was a
high duty of non-partisanship which
most citizens of all parties -performed,
and the president himself
at times voiced. The nation's course
was clear; its honor and its welfare
were staked on a determined policy;
there was nothing to do but for all
hands to see it through.
Now the war is over and the peo
ple fall into natural and wholesome
divisions over domestic questions.
They are having a "great and solemn
referendum" among themselves.
There should be no doubtful decision,
no half victory for either.
If Mr. Cox Is 'to win, let'him have
a democratic congress. Let every
democratwho votes for Cox vote for
the democratic congressmen.
If Harding" is to win, he should
have a republican congress. Let
every man who votes for Harding,
and thus attempts to go on record
for a republican administration,
make it possible for him to have one.
, THE NEWEST WILSON APPEAIZ
President Wilson's appeal to the
people is a reflection of his unchang
ing and unchangeable mind. He can
see no possible league except that
which he had the chief part in form
ing, and it must be taken just as he
offers it. He writes as though all
that has happened since the lines
began to be drawn for the contro
versy by the signing of the 'senators'
round robin had not happened. At
least he asks that all that has been
done since that day be wiped off the
slate, that all the opinions to which
it has given rise be cast out of the
people's minds. Like the Bourbons,
he forgets nothing- of his original
plan, he learps nothing from those
weary, fruitless months of contro
Others hae'hot forgotten and
have learned. His irreconcilable at
titude has stiffened the will and in
tensified the antagonism of the other
irreconcilables who oppose him. It
has led them to rally to their support
all those diverse elements of the
population which saw in his covenant
danger to this nation or to some
other nation to which they are close
ly akin. It chilled those generous
sentiments of the American people
which the war had awakened and it
inclined, them to regard their part
in the league not as the act of one
going to the aid of a neighbor in
distress but as that -of a cautious
business man making a deal. The
more stubborn the president proved
himself, the more critically the peo
ple examined his work and the more
defects they found in it, though these
were mostly imaginary. He thus
constantly made recruits for his op
ponents by being unyielding when
the vital interest of the cause in
which he spoke cried aloud for com
promise. It might have been different if he
had acted differently. His real trou
bles date from, that fatal letter writ
ten ln October, 1918, calling for a
derfiocratic congress when the peo
ple had forgotten party in the crisis
of war. If he had not written that
letter and had called the senate to
take counsel with him on the general
terms of peace and the general struc
ture of the league, republicans would
have forgiven former acts of parti
sanship and would have co-operated
with him, but he is incapable of tak
ing counsel he only talks of it and
he set about the task alone. He had
another opportunity when the round
robin senators - proposed that the
peace treaty and the covenant be
kept separate, but he flung It away.
He had another opportunity when
the Lodge reservations were re
ported to the senate and when the
moderate reservationists were striv
ing for compromise,, but he flung
that away and drove all the reserva
tionists into one camp. He had yet
another Opportunity when senators
who favored and opposed reserva
tions conferred with a view to com
promise, but he flung that away also.
The 'consequence is that Mr. Wil
son has made the election more em
phatically than ever a solemn refer
endum, not on his league but on
himself, his administration and es
pecially on his domineering spirit.
The people look on the waste, confu
sion, neglect, the pandering to class
interests and to the arbitrary acts in
contravention of law which have
characterized the administration, and
they cannot believe the man who was
wrong in these njany things to be
absolutely, infallibly right in one
thing. That is too severe a tax on
their credulity. They have discovered
what a palpable fraud was the cry.
He kept us out of war," on which
the election of 1916 was won, and ap
peals to Idealism fronf the benefici
ary of that fraud find them cold.
The American people are till for
a league or association of nations as
the republican platform calls it. but
it will not be the league for which
Mr. Wilson stands pat. . He has
scrapped that himself. It will be the
best kind of league that Senator
Harding can arrange In conference
with senators of both parties and
with. the. nations which are etrug-
gllng to keep the present league
alive. It will be very different from
the Wilson league, and may fall short
of the aspirations which the people
cherished two years ago, but they
must thank Mr. Wilson for that. The
main point now is that Harding pro
poses to go about the work In the
way which leads to success, whereas
Wilson achieved a failure.
All the circumstances insure that
the solemn referendum will be on
the complete failure of the Wilson
administration to measure up to its
job, and that the failure to put, the
United States in a league will be re
garded as a conspicuous part of the
general failure, not as the sole, or
even the main, subject of the refer
endum. President Wilson is the paramount
issue. By his one-man rule he made
himself so. Perhaps that is why in
hisjatest deliverance he did not men
tion Cox, also why Cox did not men
tion him in speaking .at Portland,
though the man who Is in perfect ac
cord with Wilson mentioned' Theo
dore Roosevelt 15 times. We all
know the kind of accord that existed
between Roosevelt and Wilson.
SCCCORING THE HELPLESS.
There 13 an irresistible appeal to
the benevolent instinct in the state
ment of the Near East Relief com
mittee of the plight of the Armenian
orphans, in whose behalf Wednesday
of this week will . be observed as
"bundle day." It is an unadorned
but Intensely graphic story of tragic
suffering by helpless victims of cir
cumstances such . as the world has
never before heard. .Last to solve
the problem of self-support because
of the ramifications of Levantine
politics, which they cannot control.
Armenians are confronted by the
probability that next winter will be
but a repetition of the last one un-
ess help is giveni. The measure of
the committee's need is to be found
in the statement that in some local
ities it has been necessary, for lack
of resources, to turn away from the
doors .of many improvised orphan
ages four of every five starving and
The practical appeal of "bundle
day" Is based on belief that "old
clothing from .America' is doing more
than medicine to stamp out disease
in the Caucasus," to which compe
tent medical authorities in the near
east subscribe. "Every garment,"
says a statement by the committee.
means rife for some child. Nothing
is too worn, too faded, to be of use."
Thousands of youngsters will have
no other clothing for the winter, save
that which is now being collected.
And winter in the Caucasus Is an un
lovely prospect for the unprotected.
It will seem a small thing to do.
to send a discarded garment on a
life-saving errand, and yet it is to be
hoped that the duty will not be over
looked because to the relatively pros
perous citizen it Eeems trivial The
relief committee counts on the ag
gregate value of the multitude of
small gifts to save, thousands who
but for outside help are sure to per
ish. The Oregon committee asks every
householder to "hang a towel In your
window on bundle day, October 6,"
as the sign of willingness to help,
and to call the crammittee by tele
phone if for any reason the signal is
disregarded. The response ought, in
view of the undoubted merit of the
cause, to be widespread and gener
The retirement of Justice Bennett
from the supreme court will be oc
casion for general regret, for he has
given to his duties the authority of
his high character and his ripe ex
perience at the Oregon bar. The
appointment by Governor Olcott of
Attorney-General Browa to the va
cancy on the bench will be received
with satisfaction. Mr. Brown has
had a long and very useful record
before the Oregon courts. He knows
the law, and is able to interpret it
luminously and correctly. It is a
fact that as attorney-general, where
a large part of his duties is to pass
on Knotty legal questions, his
opinions are rarely, or never, ques
tioned, and have not in, any Import
ant instance, so far as we know, been
reversed by the courts. Mr. Brown's
elevation is a fit recognition of the
services of an able and very efficient
The foreign minister of Argentina
resigned when he was criticised by a
senator, and then challenged his de
tractor to a duel. There's little dan
ger that the practice will spread to
this country. -In the first place. Sec
retaries Colby, Burleson and Baker
would never resign.
Vice-President Marshall has his
doubts whether the league of nations
will prevent future wars. If the vice
president doesn't watch out. he'll find
himself in nomination for thg "im
pudent audacity" club.
The election of Mr. Hading as
president now seems certain. But to
make his election effective, he must
be backed up by the election of re
publican United States senators.
The suggested rule of "No Smok
ing" in forest reserves might well be
changed by inserting "Cigarette" on
the sign. . Pipes and cigars are not
Marshall says the American people
drove Woodrow Wilson into the late
war. If memory serves aright, he
needed driving about that -time.
President Wilson's plea for a
solemn referendum" will be an
swered with more than he asked for.
It will also include a recall.
Too bad the records the Poles are
making in pursuit of the reds can't
be counted on their score for the
next marathon races.
Irv Cobb lost all his Oregon notes
somewhere in Bunchgrass, and it
may be some old dry cow ate them,
for obvious reason.
Sad, that diamonds are the sole
thing that cannot come down with
flivvers. A wicked trust controls
The new city budget does not in
clude less men and more work, but
that Is what will eventuate.
Seems to be easier to get drunk
than stay sober in New York, where
Tammany is for Cox.
The new line of baseball fiction
will Include selling the world series
and. refusing to sell.
Comlskey will have a winning
team next year If loyalty and honest
play can do It.
Go to Gresbam, . ' -' . . .
BV PRODUCTS OF THE TIMES
MacS wlney Cue Recalls That Hanger
la Xot Xew Sensation 1b Cork.
The long fast of the lord mayor of
Cork lends interest to the city over
which he presided and the office
which he held. These are treated
briefly In a bulletin issued by the
National Geographic society.
"Cork, third city of Ireland," says
the bulletin, "bears a very superficial
resemblance to our pwn New Tork in
that its nucleus is situated on an
Island enfolded by two arms of a river
where its waters meet a bay. The
comparison soon becomes a contrast,
however, for Cork is a city of less
than 80,000 souls, has few public
buildings or thoroughfares of import
ance, and was built on a low, swampy
site instead of on the rocky ribs of
Mother Earth. " '
"The stream that enfolded Cork be
fore It grew-across Its watery "bar
Hers is the River Lee which rises in
a little lake to the north. From a tiny
island in the lake came the pious her
mit. St. Fin Barre, who established a
monastery on the island at the mouth
of the, river in the seventh century,
and from this start the present city
has grown. Both the Catholic and
Protestant cathedrals of Cork are
dedicated to this early Irish saint.
"At the head of one of the finest
harbors in Ireland a land-locked
cove whose waters are as placid as
those of a lake Cork has been sub
ject since Its establishment to attacks
by sea marauders. Invading Danes
burned the city in 821 and again in
1012, and after the second destruc
tion founded on the site a Danish
trading post. The Irish, again in con
trol -of the city, submitted to the Eng
lish In 1172, who for many years
maintained a precarious foothold.
"The Irish eventually regained Cork
not by force of arms but by 'infiltra
tion,' for before a great while the
one-time English post was the most
Irish city in Ireland, Its government
entirely in the hands of the people "of
"A tragedy overtook Cork the year
Columbus discovered America, and
was visited most heavily on its Lord
Mayor. -During that year the city re
ceived and assisted Perkin "Warbeck,
pretender to the English throne. The
mayor lost his head and the city its
"Cork's wonderful harbor has given
it a maritime importance since early
days. Recognition of this fact is seen
in the title, of Admiral of the Port
bestowed on the Lord Mayor of Cork
by Edward IV and held by the Lords
Mayor to the present day. In a trien
nial ceremony the Lords Mayor evi
dence their right to the title of Ad
miral by casting a dart out over the
"Queenstown, at the head o the
outer harbor, and practically a part of
Cork, is the port of call and departure
for trans-Atlantic liners. This fact
has made Cork a city of sadness to
many, for perhaps a million or more
men and women, in largest part mere
boys and girls forced by economic
pressure to emigrate, have there bid
den goodvby with set faces and
streaming eyes to the land they love
"When Ireland suffered what was
perhaps the most pathetic of its trib
ulations, the famine of 1847, Cork be
came the center of its sorrows. Thou
sands of miserable, emaciated crea
tures made their way there from all
over Ireland hoping to gain passage
to' America. Hundreds died o'f hunger
along the roads leading to the city
and in its very streets.
"While there are practically no
points of great interest in Cork, close
by is one of the best known and most
frequently visited spots in all Ire
land. It is the ruined tower of Blar
ney castle, stronghold of Cormac Mc
Carthy, who, legend has it. instructed
by an old hag he had rescued, to kiss
one of the stones of the tower the
famous 'blarney stone' became .ir
"On the picturesque, wooded shores
of the spacious and beautiful harbor
of Cork are many pleasant resorts
and fine country' places. One of the
latter, Tivoll. the home of Sir Walter
Raleigh, is on the estate given to him
by Queen Elizabeth. Edmund Spen
ser was the recipient of many acres
at the same period. In Kilcolman
castle, near Cork, he wrote 'The
Faerie Queene ' ,
Lindsay Campbell, director of pub
licity for the Bethlehem Shipbuilding
corporation, avers that he was dining
at the Palace in San Francisco and
found himself served by a talkative
and melancholy waiter.
"In Mexico," said the servitor,1 "I
was Senor Martinez. That was before
trouble came to Mexico.' I had to fly
from ' Mexico and seek work in San
Francisco. And here I am Martinez
the waiter. But never mind. The trou
ble is over in Mexico. Soon I shall re
turn to my country and be Senor
Martinez once more. And then, who
knows? I shall visit San Francisco
and engage apartments at the Palace
hotel here with Mr. Manwaring, who
will call me Senor Martinez. And I
shall dine here and the head waiter,
he also shall call me Senor Martinez,
not Martinez the waiter."
"Just then," avers Lindsay Camp
bell, "the head waiter came along and
"Marty, hurry up and fix those rad
The moon was full, the summer
night was balmy, the hammock was
built for two, and It seemed a shame
to break it all up.
"Jack," Bhe asked, "was there a
girl in France who was sorry to
see yes go?"
"I'd rather you didn't ask me that
question, dear," he said.
"But I must know. We're engaged
and you should tell me everything,"
"Dear, I don't like to talk about
"Oh, Jack, how could you ; when
all the time you were engaged to
"Listen a minute and Til give you
the whole story," he said in despera
tion. "She was, "
"She was my laundress. I owed
her twelve francs." Boston Globe.
A Wichita (Kas.) landlord, L. J.
Beagle, is unique. According to the
Sun of that town he never has raised
the rent of a tenant. When a ten
ant moves he raises the rental of the
property to existing rates, before re
renting, however. He Is said to wel
come children Instead of banning
them. When a child is born to a ten
ant of any of his properties, he pre
sents the parents a month's rent free.
Those Who Come and Go.
Juniper has been In eastern Oregon
a long, long time, but W. W. Caviness
is said to have lived in that section
even before the juniper began grow
ing. Mr. Caviness is as resident of
Vale and has lived in Malheur county
for about 25 years, but he has lived
elsewhere east of the Cascades. In
Portland for a few days and regis
tered at the Hotel Oregon, Mr. Cavi
ness says that the Warm .springs irri
gation project near Vale Is developing
into a great success; that there is
enough water available to take care
of all the land in the project. "This
is only the beginning." predicted Mr.
Caviness. discussing irrigation in Ore
gon generally. "There are many proj
ects in the air and others starting and
the time will come when the desert
will be only a memory. "Incidentally,
Mr. Caviness is a dyed-in-the-wool re
publican and doesn't care who knows
it, but he finds it impossible t,o get
anyone to bet against him on the gen
eral result of the November election.
Airplanes will ruin the duckhunt
lng, predicts Edison I. Ballagh of St
Helens. Wherever there are good
duck grounds and airplanes have ap
peared the ducks have taken alarm
and abandoned the neighborhood,
says he. Mr. Ballagh forecasts the
time when the lakes along the Colum--bia
river will be as destitute of ducks
as they are of wapatos. because the
fowl will be scared away by the air
boats. Meanwhile he feels somewhat
optimistic because the lakes just now
are filled with ducks and everyone
who could half way handle a gun ha3
been bagging the limit since the sea
son opened. It will interest Mr. Bal
lagh's former colleagues In the legis
lature to learn that he has not
smoked since last June. -He got such
a bad taste in his mouth trying to op
erate his power boat with coal oil
during the gasoline shortage that
cigars lost their flavor, so he quit
If you' ever buy a piece of property
in Coos county you will finally have
to go to Henry Sengstacken for a quit
claim deed. Mr. Sengstacken has lived
there so long and dabbled in real
estate so long, that signing quit claim
deeds has become second nature, and
Mr. Sengstacken has not been losing
money by the peculiar situation. When
the Coos Bay chamber of cbmmerce
was discussing the proposed purchase
of Lower California, as proposed by
the United States chamber of com
merce, Mr. Sengstacken uprose and
tried to help matters, for he said: "I'll
give a quit claim deed to Lower Cali
fornia. ' No one knows how long Mr.
Sengstacken has lived in Coos county.
He was running a drug store there
about 50 years ago. but derived more
profit, pleasure and excitement as a
real estater. Mr. Sengstacken Is in
Portland for a few days.
He is not saying that he has a
bunch of bills ready to turn into
laws, neither is he saying that he
wants to wipe out a lot of old stat
utes, which places R. J. Carsner of
Spray In an unusual light. Most
members of the legislature either be
gin advocating bills or else say it Is
time to clean up the statute books,
but Mr. Carsner ignores the subject
entirely. He is a stockman with ex
tensive Interests in Wheeler county
and when the election is held next
month he will be a member of the
lower house, for he has no opposition.
Speaking of the John Day highway,
Mr. Carsner reports that work is pro
gressing rapidly on the section in
Wheeler county, but that there is
some delay through inability to obtain
timber for the bridges.
Republican politics of Union county
are discussed over in the far corner
of J. H. Peare's jewelry store in La
Grande, and having had a personal
interview with Senator W. OS? Harding
a few weeks ago, Mr. Peare is doing
his best to keep Union county lined
up for the G. O. P. When he was
younger. Mr. Peare was a great foot
racer and organized a hose team
which won prizes and "got first water"
in all the tournament from Astoria
to Walla Walla. Wash. Mr. Peare is
registered at the Hotel Portland, and
when he returns home he will carry
a box containing 2 5 00 cards of R. N.
Stanf ield. . republican 'candidate for
United States senator.
Fishers is the way J. Christenson
gives his address on the register at
the Perkins. Fishers was formerly
Fishers Landing, and it is up the
Columbia a few miles from Vancou
ver. It was from the basaltic cliffs
at Fishers that the rock was blasted
which forms the base for the jetty at
the mouth of the Columbia river. The
rock was towed In barges about 120
miles to reach the construction work,
but engineers always insisted that no
rock equal to that at Fishers could
be found nearer Astoria.
Hugh McLain. pastmaster at Marsh
field, in Portland, his particular
mission being as a delegate to the
rivers and harbors conference. Mr.
McLain loves Coos bay like a brother
and he can enumerate every good
point that anyone ever thought of
concerning the harbor. He has even
gone to .Washington. D. C in times
past, to ask the government to do
a little dredging. As a postmaster
he was considered o good that he
is now In his second appointment to
People out Sandy way Would like to
see the state highway commission get
busy and let a contract thisyear for
frrading the new location between
Sandy and Zigzag. The commission
thinks that there will be time enough
next .spring to take up this matter,
but around Sandy there is an idea
that a considerable amount of the
slashing could be performed this
winter, if the contract were let. W.
R. Hergen of Sandy is registered at
Carl Johnson and Frank Prince,
who belong to about everything ,n
Bend, where they are with the
Shevlin-Hicks company, landed in
Portland yesterday. They are on their
way east on business for the big
lumber concern. Mr. Johnson is
somewhat of an athlete and Mr.
Prince delights In driving a snappy
George W. Kiger. of?e of the men
who has put Tillamook on the map
as a dairy center, is an arrival at the
Hotel Portland. Like all other resi
dents of his county, Mr. Kiger is
tickled pink over the showing made
by Tillamook county at the state fair
On is way to Independence and
Salem. Julien A. Hurley, member of
the state senate, was in Portland
yesterday. After the valley trip he
returns to Portland to go on the spe
cial train which the Knights of Pyth
ias have chartered for a pilgrimage to
Coos Bay next Sundayr-
Tltles come easy to F. S. Bramwell
of Grants Pass, who is at the Hotel
Oregon. He is vice-president of the
state chamber of commerce; he is
president of the Grants Pass chamber
of commerce and he is. a director in
a bank at Grants Pass.
Charles L. McNary, United States
senator, is registered at the Imperial
from Salem. Senator McNary has
been looking over eastern Oregon.
M. H. Abbey, member of the port
of Newport commission, is at the
Hotel Oregon. He Is attracted to the
city, by the conference on ports.
A- A- Bonney, a merchant of Tygh
Yalley -Wasco county, is Registered
at the Perkins w hile visiting the lo
EDEV SOT DESCRIBED IX BIBLE
No Scriptural Data on Which to Base
Search for Location.
McEWEN, Or, Oct. 4. (To the Edi
tor.) Replying to Dr. Malloch's
criticism of my article concerning the
hunt for the "Garden of Eden," I
wish to say that I was criticising pro
fessed Christians only. I expressly
said "the professed Christian world
is divided," and It was Darwin's
theory of the origin of species, and
more particularly the "Origin of Man"
to which I had reference. Dr. Mal
loch says, "Your correspondent en
deavors to saddle on believers in evo
lution responsibility for the expedi
tion which has as a part of 4ts pur
pose the finding of the described site
of the Garden of Eden . . . but
they must be interested in really
finding the site, as such a discoverr
would go far to refute the biblical
statements, if their theory is cor
rect." Here, is the cream 'of the matter.
The expedition is not. in its final
analysis, interested so much in
science, as in refuting the "biblical
account." And I assert that if the
biblical account Is "refuted" thete
was no "Garden of Eden" and hence
nothing to 'xovcr. The doctor says
"the finding of the described site of
the Garden of Eden." and I pause to
inquire where this "description" can
be found? The only description within
my knowledge Is contained in the
second chapter of Genesis, and I
challenge the scientists of the world
to find here any geography that
would locate the garden in any par
ticular continent or island of the sea.
It Is trjie that we have somi names
in the record, but let us also remem
ber, as long as the biblical record
has not been "refuted." that a uni
versal flood has occurred, completely
obliterating all traces of the exis
tence of the garden, and that if the
biblical account is "refuted" it never
had an existence. So whichever
horn of the dilemma is taken, a lay
man is driven to the conclusion, that
the only possible object of the ex
pedition isnot to find the site.
I have no quarrel with science Imlv
so called. From the article now t nder
oiscussion, i am willing to concede
the highest place tfl th siiitHrtr- ,
Malloch. but 1 have not reached' the
place. yet where I am willing to take
alleged science in the place of known
facts. Dr. Malloch sas:-"The records
or past ages as depicted in the earth
"'5 various geological eras cannot
be doubted, and the lack of anv geo
logical evidence that there ever was
a general deluge." etc. This sup
poses that geologists have examined
tne entire surface of the earth as
well as its internal construction, and
that no evidence of a "general deluge"
exists. This is an extremely dog
matic statement, and I think that
Dr. Malloch himself, after carefully
analyzing it will not fully subscribe
to it- Geology is one of the younger
sciences, and that it has at this date
exhausted its researches in any di
rection, is highly improbable.
But against this hastv roncliiinn T
wish to submit a few facts. I have
ll my library an aggregate of some
30 accounts of a general deluge. Tak
ing them as a whole, they agree sub
stantially with the account given in
Genesis. 7. And these accounts cover
practically the whole earth. The ac
count in Genesis, for the sake of argu
ment, may be conceded as a myth.
But what about the other 29? Whence
came they? What was their origin'
I hardly think there Is a scientist
so blinded by his adhesion to his pet
theories, but will concede the Impos
sibility of mere chance filling these
ancient peoples with the same fraud,
but that there is, in the nature of
things some great fact, that forms the
oasis or the legends. I have never
" B"n a" opponent of the Bible
ey;cn attempt an explanation of the
" out simply pass them
over in silence.
C O ' C E R X E D WITH PRESE.VT
Dr. Hoadlry Xot Esthnard by Search
for Garden of Eden.
UNIVERSITY PARK, Oct. 4 (To
the Editor.) Communications printed
by The Oregonian recently, concern
ing the garden of Eden, the flood
and evolution have elicited interest.
As to the locality of the garden, the
writer has no special concern, as he
desires to know where are the present
paradises of time, and what of the fu
ture. The first men? Who cares for
them when men are now alive and
worthy of attention? The old Sheik
Abraham, the father of the faithful,
was the first pilgrim father, but an
other Abraham the writer once saw
and heard was a greater father who
led a people to own their own hands
and feet. The first Abraham reached
his head up to the stars, but the sec
ond Abraham has grown so tall that
his head is far above them.
As to the extent of the flood, why
not hold it but local In extent? The
survivors of the 'flood had but a
limited geographical knowledge, and
what they knew eo little of earth was
the whole earth to them. The de
scription of the catastrophe is prac
tical, and poetry is bound to exagger
ation. Evolution, whatever it Is, need
scare nobody, or elate. That there
is progress in all said and done all
admit. That there is similarity in tha
works of nature every eye can see.
Such similarity would be expected
from a common creator, as an orator's
speeches would contain resemblances;
that the body of man was slowly made
is in harmony with Genesis fairly In
terpreted, but such a fact need not
carry with it, that spirit was not
put at once into the body to be its
master. That existing species are very
near each other in their nature is in
conclusive evidence that one species
came out of another. The majority of
the scientists of the world hold to
evolution as a working theory for
tneir ODservations. Science investi
gates regardless of the Bible one way
or another; it is even unconcerned
with morality, as It Is unmoral.
Whatever is the truth follow it,
should it lead to thunder and light
ning. B. J. HOADLEI.
It Is Regtaterrd Trade Mark.
GARIBALDI, Or., Oct. 3. (To the
Editor.) For sake of an argument
will you please inform me whether
the name "Kodak" can legally be Used
on any other kind of photographic
goods than those made by the East
man Kodak company of Rochester.
N. T. Can the word "kodak" be ap
plied to any make of camera?
C. A. BUTLER.
The word "Kodak" is commonly ap
plied by the public to all makes of
hand cameras. It is, however, an
arbitrary word carried, for trademark
purposes by the Eastman company
and that company has the exclusive
right to use of the name as a label or
for other trade purposse.
Rerkleaa Mr. Palmer.
PORTLAND. Oct. 4. (To the Edi
tor.) According to The Oregonian
United States Attorney-General Pal
mer has ordered that all firearms
taken from alien enemies during the
war be now returned to them.
Since he department of justice has
decided that we are still at war with
Germany, it would appear that our
friend Palmer is furnishing firearms
to our German enemies in this coun
try. Is it not treason to give aid to the
enemy in time of war? Perhaps Mr.
Palmer does not know this.
More Truth Than Poetry.
By Jamea J. Montague.
TUEX A.HD SOW.
When Cheops ruled with iron hand
.Disease was rife and plagues were
And doctors in as much demand
As they are now in 1920.
The people were benighted still:
They had not yet devised papyrus.
And when a patient ran a bill
For calomel or vaccine virus.
The doctor figured up the cost
Of bromides, sedatives and tonics
And these he carefully embossed
Upon a chunky block of onyx.
If patients paid, they got the bills
Receipted with an iron hammer.
But if they still complained of ills
Or put up any undue clamor.
Complaining that they'd never seen
Such thieving charges for specifics
The doctor crowned them on the bean
uh seven pound hierogl vphics.
But few disputed with the Doc
However costly his prescriptions.
For such was the effect of shock
t-pon the early day Egyptians.
Today a doctor does not need
So rudely to impress a person
That if his bill they do not heed
They presently w ill pet a worse 'un.
They drop a missive in the mail
.Next day the postman brings it to
Tou read it, turn a trifle ral
And thrills of horror hurry through
For if you're not o'erstocked with pelf
Tou need no rock your soul to harrv.
For you will find the bill itself
Is all the shock that's ntcessary.
The Eighteenth amendment drove
the Dago Red out of America, and the
collapse of the bolshevik movement
has done the same thing for Italy.
Gas Is SU11 Going I n,
Since that last reduction in flivvers
we can't help wishing that Henrv
Ford was running the Standard Oil
Slow to Learn.
All the practice he's had at fighting
doesn't seem to do John McGraw any
good at all.
tC'opynght br ths Bell S-rndicate. Inc
John Burroughs' Nature
Can Ton Answer These QnearJonsT
1. Are many birds killed by locomo
tives? 2. When does the katydid stop
3. What animal can stng a duet?
Answers in, tomorrow's nature notes.
Answers to Previous Question!
1. Are crows always cheery?
I venture to say that no one has
ever yet heard the crow utter a com
plaining or a disconsolate note. He
is always cheery, he is always self
possessed. he is a great success. Noth
ing in Bermuda made me feel so muc-h
at home as a flock cf half a dozen of
our crows which I saw and heard
there. At one time they were very
numerous on the island, but they have
been persecuted till only a remnant
of the tribe remains.
2. Why can weasels catch rabbits?
The tragedy of a rabbit pursued by
a mink or a weasel may often be read
upon our winter snows. The rabbit
does not take to her hole: It would be
fatal. And yet, though capable of far
greater Fpeed. so far as I have ob
served, she does not escape the mink;
he very soon pulls her down. It would
loo as though a fatal paralysis, the
paralysis of utter fear, fell upon the
poor creature as soon as she found
herself hunted by this subtle, blood
3. How does Insect life spend the
If the covers could be taken off the
fields and woods in the autumn, how
many interesting facts of natural his
tory would be revealed the crickets,
ants, bees, reptiles, animals, and. for
aught I know, the spiders and flifs
asleep or getting ready to sleep 1n
their winter dormitories: the furs of
life banked up, and burning jut
enough to keep the spark over till
(Rights reserved HooRbton Mifflin Co
rty Grace K. Hall.
We hold a hand and speak our real
When trouble stand3. a spectre, at
No Toolish pride disguises our emotion
When hearts are deeply wrung and
I wonder why we wait till sorrow
Alons a path we view in pain ' and,
When with primordial principles one
The heart speaks what the lips have
But better far to voice the heart's
While sunshine still lies golden at
Than cry aloud the truth when that
Comes back in echoed mockery, "Too
In Other Days.
Twenty-five Veaxa Ago-
From Ths Oregonian of October 5. 1?9V
United States Watson O. Squire of
Seattle was in- Portland yetterdty.
coming from Vancouver, where he
had attended the Clark county fair.
Tonight the most attractive exposl- .
tion ever held in Portland will be
opened to the public the Oregon In
At the last session of the board of
equalization today it will attempt to
decide the question as to whether or
not Assessor Greenleaf is right in at
tempting to tax church property,
A. J. Collier, eon of the late Pro- ,
feasor Collier of the University of
Oregon, has been elected a member
of the rortland university faculty.
Fifty Years Ago.
From The Oregonian of October 5. 1S70.
New York One fatality from yel
low fever was reported here today
and Governor's Island is completely
cut off from the city by quarantine
The St. Helens Mill company Is
busy sawing planks for the paving of
The movement looking toward the
establishment of a refinery in Ore
gon to refine the coarser grades of
sugar is fast taking bhape.
Citizens are very generally signing
a petition protesting against passage
by the legislature of the proposed
measure providing for appointment of
a board of police commissioners by
w Cook Gives Comfort.
Mrs. Goode My husband always
say-s a short prayer before each meal.
New Cook Sure, there's no nade of
him doin' that while oi'm here. Oi'm
do cookin' school graduate.