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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL.. LIX XO. 18,670
Entered at Portland (Oregon)
Postoffice a. Scorn1-Claa Matter
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 2,
PRICE FIVE CENTS
People May Control Own
Game in Future.
FRANCE GOES LIMIT
HARDING LEADS STRAW
BALLOT ON, FIFTH DAY
FAVOR OF 143 TO 53 SHOWN IX
THE OREGOAIAX CANVASS.
TENANTS REFUSE TO
BUDGE MOVING DAY
XKW YORK COURT DECISION
HIGHEST AVAR DECORATION" OF
REPUBLIC CONFERRED. '
XOTED REPUBLICAN LUADER
DIES AT DALTOX, MASS."
HARD NG SCORES
WED INTERESTS OPPOSED
Leaders of Sport Take Stock
v to Preserve Pastime.
NATIONAL SPORT IN PERIL
Men Above Question Desired to
Take Cliare and Purge
CHICAGO, Oct. 1. Representatives
of four major league baseball clubs
tonight started a movement designed
to "clean up baseball forever" by tak
ing: control of the game out of the
hands of men financially interested
and placing it under a "civilian tri
bunal" to be composed of men "of
Unquestioned public standing."
A letter was sent to every major
league club and dozens of othere in
terested, asking their approval of the
plan, which was characterized as a
means of "giving professional base
ball to the American people, where It
belongs, and taking ownership of it
away from club owners and players."
Loyal Owner Back Move.
The letter waa signed by William
Veeck, president of the Chicago Na
tional league club: Charles A, Comls
key, president of the Chicago Amer
ican league club; Barney Dreyfuss,
president of the Pittsburg club, and
John McGraw, vice-president and
manager of the New York National
It proposed that the national com
mission be abolished because "in its
present form it cannot be Impartial,"
and that In its place there be a tri
bunal whose members would receive
higher salaries than anyone now con
nected with baseball. General Persh
ing, Major-General Leonard Wood.
former President William Howard
Taft, Senator Hiram Johnson, Judge
K. M. Land is and William G. McAdoo
are eome of the men proposed for the
tribunal, but the letter adds t' at none
has been approached.
Tribunal Would Rnle Sport.
Salaries for members of the tri
bunal and its secretaries and clerks
would be paid from a fund set aside
from major league and world series
The tribunal would be in absolute
charge of all organized baseball
leagues, of the players, the managers
and owners and league presidents and
its decisions would be beyond appe: 1
The letter declared that such a plan
must be worked out immediately if
baseball is to continue as the national
frame and points out the gambling
and betting evils revealed in the past
two 3 ears.
The plan was worked out by A, D.
Lasker of the Chicago National league
club and received full approval of
President John Heydler of the Na
tional league, the letter says.
Impartial Leaders Sought.
"The national commission, base
hall's supreme body consists today of
presidents of the National and Ameri
can leagues," the letter continues.
"Regardless of the desire of these
men to be impartial, they could not
be, at least subconsciously, unmind
ful of the special interest of the
individual league they represented.
It was felt, therefore, that the third
member of the commission should be
connected with the game. The shock
just received by the baseball world.
the blacklisting of three major
league players and the indictments
and suspension of some of the great
est stars on a world championship
team, has caused the owners to look
within themselves as. understand-
ably, they might not look under
"As a basis for proposed action, the
signers of this letter have agreed to
a preliminary plan and agree to put
11 into operation.
The undersigncrs urge that the
three most prominent men obtainable,
in nowise connected with baseball
be obtained to act as a superior tri
bunal, and that, such tribunal shall
have tin review able authority over
presidents of all leagues, club owners.
flayers and every other person, act
or thing connected with baseball.
"The mere knowledge of control of
baseball by such men would insure
that the public interests would be
first served and that, therefore, all
existing evils would disappear.
High Salaries Kavored.
"It is proposed to appropriate the
necessary expenses for this tribunal
from the world series and major
league receipts. Paying these men
higher salaries than anyone connected
-Uh baseball receives, would empha
eize their authority and automati
cally attract men of the type desired.
"Kvcryone connected with baseball
would bo absolutely under the con
trol of this tribunal. If an owner
committed an unethical act the tri
bunal could reprimand him, fine him
Or even revoke his franchise.
"Likewise, it woujd be empowered
to establish a proper relationship
between minor and major leagues.
"The conduct of the player on the
field and the rules governing the
frames also will bo subject to the
.(.Concluded on Page 2, Column 4.)
Medaille Militaire Is Presented to
American Commander by
French General Fayolle.
- WASHINGTON, Oct. 1. "In the
name of the- American army that
fought In f'rance," General Pershing
today accepted the award of the
medaille militaire, the highest mili
tary decoration within the gift of the
The presentation was made at Fort
Myer by the French General Marie
Fayolle, who commanded the first
American troops on the western front.
The parade ground at the fort pre
sented a colorful picture, the French
tricolor everywhere floating In uni
son with the stars and stripes as
General Pershing, an isolated figure
in the center of the field, was ap
proached by General Fayolle and the
medal pinned on hi3 breast after a
brief address by the French officer.
"It gives me the deepest pleasure,"
General Fayoll declared, in present
ing the medal, "to confer upon you
as the commander-in-chief of the
valiant American soldiers who fought
in France, the highest decoration of
Accepting the honor on behalf of
the American army, General Per
shing expressed his "deepest grati
ture," adding that it was a "particu
lar pleasure to receive the medaille
militaire from the French general
who commanded the first American
troops to enter the fighting line in
LANE ILL, QUITS BUSINESS
Retirement as Oil Company Offi
NEW YORK, Oct. 1. Franklin K.
Lane, ex-secretary of the interior, has
been forced to give up business tem
porarily because of ill health, it was
It was said at the offices of the oil
company of which he is vice-president
that, approaching a physical break
down after f even years of public life,
he had been ordered by his physicians
to leave his desk two weeks ago. He
went to Katonah, N. Y., returning
here yesterday on his way to Bethel,
Maine, where he has been directed to
take a complet rest. His condition
now, it was said, is not serious.
SEATTLE IS OUTSTRIPPED
Bank Clearings of Portland Lead
by Xearly $5,000,000.
Portland bank clearings for the
month of September exceeded those
of Seattle. by nearly Jo, 000,000, accord
ing to comparative figures obtained
yesterday. Earlier in the month com
parative figures showed that Portland
was running consistently ahead of the
Puget sound city and it was not con
sidered surprising when Portland'3
monthly total was found to be well
The figures are: Portland bank
clearings for September, 1920. il80,-
346,491.38; Seattle's clearings for the
same period, 175,874,388.96.
AUTO HITS WAGON, 2 HURT
George Ilousch, 42, and Son Henry,
1 1, Sustain Injuries.
George Housch, 42, of 950 Prescott
street, suffered an injury to his an
kle, and his son Henry, 14, suffered
a scalp wound last night, when their
milk wagon was run down by an
automobile at East Twenty-sixth and
Knott streets. Both received first-aid
treatment at the emergency hospital.
G. B. Nakamura, a Japaese real
estate dealer, was arrested last night
by Patrolman Atkinson and charged
with being drunk, following a col
lision between Nakamura's automo
bile and a Vancouver street car on
the Broadway bridge. '
PLOT KNOWLEDGE CLAIMED
Brooklyn Loiterer Tells roliee He
NEW YORK, Oct. 1. A man giving
the name of Joshua Greenspan,
arrested early today for loitering in
a Brooklyn building, was said by the
police to have stated he knew the
identity of persons responsible for
the Wall street explosion.
Greenspan was sent to a hospital
for observation, while members of
the bomb squad and agents of the
department of Justice began checking
up his record.
LOVERS BRAVE WEATHER
Six Couples Wed at Vancouver.
Fiscal Year Shows Loss.
VANCOUVER, Wash.. Oct. 1. (Spe
cial.) Though today was Friday, and
unusually stormy, windy and rainy,
six couples braved the elements and
superstition and were married.
During September this year, 237
couples were married. The number
for September, 1919, was 263. The
number married here the past 12
months, ending last night, was 2788
LAWS MADE STRINGENT
Industrial Troubles at Ports Ruled
AUSTIN, Tex.. Oct. 1. The house
passed today the bill proposing more
stringent laws relating to industrial
troubles at ports by a vote of 86
This was nine votes less than the
number required to give the measure
the emergency fclausa.
T. B. HANDLEY GETS POST
Corporation Commissioner to
Take Attorney's Place.
OLCOTT FILLS VACANCIES
Member of Commission to Be
Xamcd by Governor Today.
Age Causes Resignation.
SALEM, Or., Oct. 1. (Special.)
George M. Brown, since January 1,
1915, attorney-general .of Oregon, to
night was appointed justice of the
Oregon supreme court by Governor
Olcott to succeed A. S. Bennett, who
has resigned because of private busi
ness affairs needing his attention in
Eastern Oregon. Attorney-General
Brown will be succeeded by T. B.
Handley, who was named corporation
commissioner last May following the
resignation of H. J. Schulderman. Mr.
Handley's successor will be appointed
byGovernor Olcott tomorrow.
In presenting his resignation to
Governor Olcott late this afternoon
Justice Bennett said:
"I regret exceedingly to break the
pleasant associations which have sur
rounded me on the supreme bench and
to give up the very congenial work
thereon. But the cares and disabill
tiesof advancing years, together with
the pressure of some private affairs,
make it difficult and sometimes al
most impossible satisfactorily to per
form the duties of the office.
Renlgiiatlon la Tendered.
"I therefore tender my resignation
as associate justice of the supreme
court, to take effect on Wednesday,
Attorney-General Brown was elect
ed to his present office in November,
1914, and entered upon his duties on
January of the following year. He
was re-elected to the office .at the
general election in 1918 and had more
than two years yet to serve.
Before coming to Salem Mr. Brown
had resided in Douglas county prac
tically all of his life and still re
tains his legal residence at Roseburg.
For 21 years he was district attorney
of Douglas county, leaving that of
fice to accept the duties of attorney
general. During his incumbency as
attorney-general Mr. Brown has han
dled considerable Important litigation
for the state and practically all of
his legaT opinions have stood the tests
of the supreme court. As a legal ad
viser state officials said tonight that
he has no peer in the state.
Handley Ex-Deputy Attorney.
Mr. Handley resided in Tillamook
before coming to Salem last May. He
was deputy district attorney there for
(Concluded on Fuse 4, Column 2.)
CITIES ARE INCREASING IN
c-.i i ll' . .. , l irti T ti l I
. psw 'X ?i :
Jg"JP?y ffpfi sii SI-fes? E
rent foj b tr.- fx-'-' ,n ip i, - ' 1 i
All Returns With Exception or
Those in St. Johns Ferry Over,
whelmingly for Senator.
THE OREGOMAVS STRAW
VOTING PLACE. 5 8 ?
a. : 5"
: : : 3
St. Johns Ferry
Men 21 21 1
vv omen . 3
Men 83 22 2 1
Men 30 4 1 ...
Women ...... 9 . 3
Total 143 53 4 1
Returns on the fifth day of The
Oregonian straw ballot on the presi
dential candidates, being carried out
in various parts of the city In an at
tempt to obtain a reasonable forecast
of the coming elections, resulted in e.
total of 143 to 53 in favor of Senator
Harding yesterday. Votes were taken
from the day and nlgVt reliefs of the
police departmi t, the Journal build
ing exclusive of the newspaper em
ployes and a two-hour canvass of all
passengers on the St. Johns ferry.
All returns for the day were over
whelmingly in favor of Senator Hard
ing, with the exception of the canvass
on the St. Johns ferry, where Cox
r.osed into the lead over the repub
lican candidate to the tune of 24 to
21, while a single vote was cast for
Eugene V. Debs.
The Debs adherent announced that
he was a socialist and was votingfor
Debs on principle "but I've got a $60
bet on Harding," he concluded.
The alleged "wet" proclivities of
the democratic nominee were the
greatest single deciding factor among
the passengers of the ferry, most of
whom were laborers from the nearby
mills. One man, proclaimed loudly
that he was for Cox.
"I was a republican until the coun
try went dry." he announced. "But
now I'm off all the parties and all
the candidates except Cox. Cox seems
to have leanings toward liquor so
tie gets my vote."
"I haven't got any use for either
candidate," declared one truck driver.
"Neither of them Ls the people's
choice. It's six of one and half a
dozen of the other. But I'm for Cox
he might bring the booze back again.1
Fully 50 per cent of the laborers
who were. returning from work via
the ferry declined to vote either way
many of them having failed to regis
ter. Their attitude was one of utter
indifference, apparently,- as to which
candidate would be elected.
"What difference does it make
who's elected?" asked one of these.
"The system we eot of electing presi
dents ls the bunk. Whoever heard of
Cox' or Harding, either, before they
Senator Harding was an over
whelming favorite among policemen
of the day relief, including the traf
fic bureau and officials of the munici
pal court. The poll for the day relief
showed these results: Harding, 31;
Cox, 8; Deb3, 2; Christenscn, 1.
Several of the1 patrolmen declined
to announce their choice for president,
thinking they might be accused of
Another patrolman who at first de-
tConcluded on Page 3. Column 1.)
POPULATION 71 'i TIMES AS
' '" net 1 ' t , r
,a ) , ' A ij-eQ 1 . A I
T eiti. i- J t . I I
"III,, ' o.; H. I',,!'" !
Ontslanding Characteristic of ex-
Governor Is Prominence With-
out Being Orator.
DALTOX, Mass., Oct. 2. Winthrop
Murray Crane, ex-United States sen
ator, who ha. been seriously ill for
several weeks, died suddenly at his
home here early today.
An outstanding characteristic of
Mr. Crane, ex-Governor of Massachu
setts and for two terms a United
States senator from that state, was
the fact that he attained eminence in
public life without being an orator.
Although he served eight years in
the senate it was said of him that he
never ' made what really could be
called a "speech" in that body. The
successor of Senator Hoar, whose wit
and eloquence rang through the halls
of congress. Crane's chief claim to
distinction was that of silent leader
ship and of a. party mediator.
Senator Crane on more than one
occasion in the interval from 1904 to
1913, when republican differences de
veloped and party measures were en
dangered, demonstrated his ability, as
a harmonizer and by using his per
suasive powers in personal interviews
with other senators, with whom he
was popular, restored peace.
On one occasion the fate of an im
portant bill appeared to depend upon
the vote of one senator. His col
leagues had tried In vain, by many
methods, to learn the probable atti
tude of this man. Crane, who had
been talking the matter over with a
group of republican senators, re
marked: "Wait a minute." He crossed
the floor of the senate chamber to the
recalcitrant's desk and conversed with
him in low tones for a few moments.
Returning to his friends, he an
nounced with a smile: "He'll vote for
the bill," "How did you find out?"
was the astonished inquiry. "I asked
him," was Crane's reply.
Born in Dalton, Mass., April 23, 1853,
the son of Zenas M. Crane, a paper
manufacturer, young Crane was edu
cated in the public schools and at
Williston seminary. He never at
tended colege but, after leaving the
seminary, entered the paper mills
founded by his grandfather at Dalton
and in them he maintained an interest
throughout his life. For many years
these mills produced the paper used
by the United States government in
engraving its currency, bonds and
f otes. Because of his interest in this
ndustry and his desire to continue
with it, Mr. Crane, at the beginning
of President Roosevelt's administra
tion, declined an invitation o enter
his cabinet as secretary of the treas
President Roosevelt held the "silent"
Massachusetts man in high esteem.
Crane had been unusually successful
In averting strikes and disagreements
at the Dalton Mills. In 1902, when he
was governor of Massachusetts, he
was instrumental in adjusting by ar
bitration a serious1 strike of team
sters and freight handlers in Boston.
Later, it is said, he suggested to Pres
ident Roosevelt the method by which
the strike of several hundred thou
sand coal miners in the anthracite
fields was settled.
Three years as lieutenant governor
and three years as governor of Mass
achusetts preceded Crane's entrance
into the senate to fill the vacancy in
1904 caused by the death of George
F. Hoar. Appointed to the senate
(Concluded on Page 2, Column 2.)
FAST AS RURAL DISTRICTS
i -f i
DRY lit LAXITY
Condemnation Voiced in
Front Porch Speech.
ADDRESS MADE TO WOMEN
Department of Public Welfare
MATERNITY IS MENTIONED
Xominee Suggests Fair Sex Should
Have Important Part in Fed
MARION. O.. Oct. 1. In a front
porch speech today outlining h's'pro
gramme or social justice. Senator
Harding described enforcement of
law as a fundamental o social prog
ress, regardless of. the private opin
ions of executive officials and de
clared particularly that "we must all
condemn without qualification the
failure to enforce prohibition."
A federal department of public wel
fare was advocated by the nominee,
but he proclaimed his opposition to
concentration of too much authority
in Washington and asserted there was
grave danger in authorizing the fed
eral government to "take from local
communities all the burdens of social
conscience." The allusion to prohibi
tion was the first to be made pub
licly by the candidate since his speech
of acceptance and he did not follow it
with a detailed discussion.. In addi
tion to law enforcement, he spoke
for Industrial peace, protectionf ma
ternity, humane1 regulation of 1 .bor
conditions, promotion of public
health, aid to child welfare and
stabilization of employment as fac
tors In social betterment.
League Opposition Re-stated.
The speech was delivered to a dele
gation of women from many parts of
the country and the senator took
occasion to present the league Issue
as it affects woman's interests and to
re-state his oppesition to the Ver
sailles covenant. Reading article 10.
he declared he was "not In favor
The crowd which heard the candi
date and cheered him many times was
one of the largest of the front-porch
Several special trains brought dele
gations of women to Marion, and most
of the commercial establishments here
employing women closed their doors
to permit these to attend.
The visitors marched to the Hard
ing home In martial order with bands
playing and with standards bearing
the names of numerous cities follow
ing in column the banners of local
employes' organizations. They crowd
ed the lawn to overflowing and at
the end of the speech, women factory
workers Jostled shoulders with women
decked In costly furs and tailored
gowns In a scramble to hake the
Pageant FcatnrM March.
One feature "f the procession 'was
a Tiageant In which Zl girls of for
eign ancestry marched in the nativ'e
costume. of their races.
Mrs. Richard Edwards o'f Indiana
acted as marshal of the parade and
chairman of the front porch meeting,
and 'Mrs. Raymond Robins of Chicago
made the speech presenting the dele
gation to Senator and Mrs. Harding.
Tonight Senator Harding made pub
lic a telegram to Edward A. Ryan of
Washington, D. C, who was arrested
at the senator's Baltimore meeting
Monday night after he had asked the
nominee whether he "had agreed with
Senator Johnson in his position to
scrap the league of nations." Mr.
Harding expressed regret that there
had been an arrest and declared that
he did not control any senator's atti
tude, but was trying to "harmonize
the views of American leadership
that we shall be able to adopt a pol
icy in our world relations to which
Americans will unitedly subscribe."
In his speech to the women the
candidate said he was sure "the moth
ers and wives of America do not wish
to give their sons and husbands for
sacrifice at the call of an extra-constitutional
body like the council of
the Paris league."
V. S. Co;;-, rn Plrat.
"Tou have heard so much about
article 10, the "heart of the league,
that I wish to read it to you. You
have also heard something about our
failure to adopt it. breaking "the hea.rt
of the world"
"I am a pretty sympathetic man
myself, but I want to tell you women
of America that I would rather break
the heart of the world than destroy
the soul of the United States.
"I have a notion that most of you
can understand the English language.
Yoa can understand article 10. That
is the heart of the league. That is
the mortgage of American resources,
man-power and wealth, putting them
at the command of a council of f-c-eign
powers, sitting around s table
at the capftal of the world Geneva.
And if anybody is in dpt about my
position understand me now: I am
not in favor of that covenant.
"You note the contract. America ls
not a welcher. If you do go in and
don't keep your promises you have
made It the colossal disappointment
of all time. So 1 say to you, women
ACpuUuded pa Pass S, Column 4.i
Landlords Fut to Rout by Law
and Moving Vans Are Idle
NEW TORK, Oct. 1. (Special.)
Moving day came and went with
hardly so much as a ripple of ex
citement. No evictions were recorded.
Those who moved were so few that
van owners reported idle trucks, can
celed orders and the poorest mov
ing business on record.
The new rent laws did the work.
The "October 1, "pandemonium" and
"state-of-war" prophets were wholly
The mayor's committee on rent
profiteering, the municipal court Jus
tices and other sources of informa
tion were sought by tenants asking
information as to their legal status,
but the vast majority of apartment
leaseholders seemed to have realized
with deep satisfaction that it was not
theirs, but the landlord's move.
The most generous estimate placed
upon the number of families that
moved today in this city was well
H. A. Morgan, secretary of the Van
Owners' association, said the idle
vans and the countermanded orders
were directly due to the new laws.
The van drivers' strike, he asserted,
is well In hand, as the owners have
p!enty of substitute teamsters and
drivers, many of whom would not
even have to be called upon, since the
moving was less than 10 per cent of
what it generally is on October 1. The
orders of Chief Justice Levy of the
municipal court, following a confer
ence of 30 justices, that no warrants
in holdover landlord and tenant pro
ceedings begun before September 2S,
are to be issued, effectively stopped
all attempts t eviction.
PONZI FACES NEW CHARGE
Use of Mails to Defraud Alleged in
BOSTON, Oct. 1. The federal grand
jury today indicted Charles Ponzi.
promoter of the scheme by hich
thousands of dollars were obtained
from investors on promises to pay 60
per cent profits, on a charge of using
the mails in a scheme to defraud. The
indictments, of which there were two
of 43 counts each, were the longest
returned here in years.
Ponzi now is a federal prisoner at
the East Cambridge jail and is under
indictment on state court charges of
POWER SCHOONER SINKS
Xcwart Goes Down Off California
Coast Passengers Saved.
SAN DIEGO. Cal., Oct. 1. News of
the sinking Wednesday of the power
schooner Newark off the Lower Cali
fornia coast was brought here today
with the arrival of Captain A. H.
Moore, six passengers and the six
members of the crew.
The Newark struck a sunken reef
about 18 miles south of Geronimo is
land. The Italian fishing boat Mar
dito rescued all on board before the
Newark sank. The Newark was of
188 tons and valued at $20,000.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 5,0
degree: minimum, b- degrees.
TODAY'S Rain ; aoulheriy shifting to
toouth westerly winds.
British conspiracy in. I relanrl charged by
binn Fein leader. i'age II.
An ti -reds capture Kharkov in Kussi.
Highest war decoration in gift ot French
government conferred on Pershing,
Harding holds lead on fifth day of The
Orestn-n straw ballot. 1'age 1.
Toll In Ohio thows Harding leading over
democratic opponent. l'age .
Borah drops republican campaign tour.
Hardinff scores lax enforcement of prohi
bition law. 1'age 1.
Oklahoma wildly enthusiastic in reception
of Governor Cox. Page 2.
Nomination petition for major filed by
Kellahcr. lae 10.
Jewelry pickets lose appeal to uprem
court. I'age 1.
Jury complet ed in case ff two chars ed
w ith murder of bheriff Til Xaior.
Boasung charged to Alleged s:&yr of Sis
ters hermit. Fage 7.
Justice Bennett reipns and Attorney-General
Brown is named sucrsar. Face 1.
Kpiseopalians deHaxe modern dances im
moral. Fage 7.
Foreign-born day ls held at state fair.
8 port a.
Chicago's (crip on American league pen
nant slacken j. I'age 1.
Gambling frameup on owners? now before
bat-batl jury. I'age 12.
White Sox can only win American pennant
by tie playoff. Page
Sam Langford takes on five boys in daily
workout. Page 111.
Coast league results: Vernon 0. San Fran
cisco 3; Oakiand 14, I,os Angeles 4;
Sacramento 1. Salt Lake 2; .Seattle
Portland, wet grounds. Page 1 2.
Move starts to have new baseball tri
bunal. Page 1.
Commercial and Marine.
Another five-cent decline in Oregon hop
values. Page 19.
Weakness in Chicago wheat continues
with heavy selling. Page 10.
Advance in railway stocks is continued.
Wilson hampers merchant marine. Page
Big l"an!sh motorsrtlp coming noon to load
wheat for Burope. Page 18.
Portland and ViHnfty.
Exodus from Alaska held due to high
cost of living. Page 9.
Two victims of automobile accidents die
in hospitals. I'age 11.
Wholesalers announce another cut In local
sugar prices. Page 2.
W. C. T. U. entertains guests from north.
Building material costs remain high.
Sellers of liquor are warned by court.
League 'of Nations association is formed
in Portland. Page 6.
L-ecision in theater picture case due loo-
LOSE IM APPEAL
Supreme Court Holds
Good Cause Lacking.
UNION RECOGNITION IS ISSUE
Wages, Hours or Conditions
Declared Not Involved.
LABOR WINS IN ANOTHER
Retail Clerks' Local 1237 Is Al
lowed to Place Pickets at Shoe
SALEM. Or., Oct. 1. (Special.)
Local union. No. 4t, International
Jewelry 'Workers union, has no legal
right to station pickets In front oC
the establishments of Portland jew
elry firms for the purpose of com
pelling them to recognize the union,
according to an opinion written by
Justice C. A. Johns and handed down
by the Oregon supreme court here
The opinion written by Justica
Johns affirmed the findings of Judges
Kavanaugh, Gatens and Stapleton,
who presided at the time the case was
originally heard in the circuit court
for Multnomah county. Chief Justice
McBrlde and Justices Benson, Harris
and Burnett concurred in the predom
inating opinion, with Justices Bean
and Bennett dissenting.
In this action O. Heitkempcr, a cor
poration, and eight other jewelers op
erating in Portland sought to obtain
an injunction order restraining tha
Central Labor council of Portland.
Harry Anderson, William Kimsey, K.
J. Stack, local union No. 41, Edward
Becker and R. A. Sutliff from plac
ing pickets in front of the stores or
shops of the plaintiffs.
IMeketins I Admitted.
The defendants admitted the pick
etin "iut claimed it was peaceful and
law : that It was done for the pro
lr . jn and furtherance of the Inter
ests of union labor, and that they had
a legal right to do it, even though
the plaintiffs were damaged as a re
sult. "The testimony did not Indicate
that there ever was any dispute about
wages, hours of labor or conditions of
employment," said Judge Johns' opirv
ion. "Througn conferences, all of
these matters had been amicably set
tled, subject only to formal approval,
but the agreement was never actually
ratified, because the defendants in
sisted that the plaintiffs recognize
their union.' This the defendants re
fused, to do. The recognition of the
union was the only real dispute be
tween the parties in the case.
"The defendants relied upon chap
ter SI", laws of 1919, known as the
'picketing act,' and finder the facts
shown to exist, that law does not em
brace or legalize picketing a place of
business and destroying its patronage
where the only purpose is to compel
recognition of a labor union.
Authority Held Larking.
"Distinguished counsel have not
cited, and after diligent search we
have not found any authority which
would Justify or sustain picketing,
even though it be peaceable, where
the controversy is not 'jetween em
ployer and employe and there is no
dispute growing out of employment
but the purpose of the picketing ls to
induce the employer to recognize the
union. As we analyze the authorities,
the legal right peacefully to picket ia
largely dependent upon the purpose
and intent, and the method and man
ner in which the picketing is done."
The co-j't held that the primary
purpose ot calling the strike, plac
ing the plaintiffs on the unfair list
and picketing their places of businets
was to obtain the recognition of the
defendant local union No. 41 L'ndcr
such a state of facts the court de
clared the damages were not inciden
tal to the legal right of the defendants-
lthrr Side to Retevfr.
Since this action was a test case,
the predominating opinion modified
the decree of the lower courts as to
costs, and neither tide will recover.
In another case, brought by George
I Greenfield, doing business under
the title of "Wright's Shoe Shop" and
"Greenfield's." to enjoin the Portland
Central Labor council. IX K. N'icker
(Concludod on PaRC -. Column ".)
IS I.ASX CHANCE
At 8 o'clock tonight regis
tration books at the courthouse
will close finally,' and citizens
whose names are not on the
records will not be able to vote
at the general election in No
vember. Only those need register who
have not voted for two years
or who have moved from the
precincts in which they for
registration totals for all
parties to date are as follows:
Male. Female. Total
ReDUblicans..45.t0 ao.350 76.010
Democrats 15.10S 10.996 26.104
Other parties 3.023 2.069 5. 098