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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 14, 1920)
THE MOIINIXG OltEGOXIAN, TUESDAY, SEPTEMB ETi 14. 1920
Millerand and Giofitti Agree
on Questions at Parley.
BOTH NATIONS GRATIFIED
Further Friction Prevented; Con
cessions by France Contribute
Largely to Good Feeling.
AIX LES BAJMS, Sept. 13. (By the
Associated Press.) Premier Giolittl
is going- back to Italy highly gratified
with the results of his conference
with M. Millerand, the French pre
mier. "The results of the conference
greatly improved Franco-Italian re
lations," he said to the Associated
The outstanding feature of the con
ference is the great satisfaction of
both French and Italians that the oc
casion afforded check to the tendency
of the two allies to separate action
and of the two peoples toward re
Farther Friction PrTeiited.
Though the premiers did not settle
any question in detail, they are de
clared to have reached an understand
ing that will prevent further friction.
Franco goes a long way .to satisfy
Italy's desires regarding the disposal
of the Austrian merchant marine.
Concessions agreed to on other eco
nomic questions such as raw mate
rials contributed largely to the good
feeling of the Italian delegation.
Premier Giolittl said that Italy
would continue negotiations with
Jugo-Slavia regarding Flume and the
Adriatic He added that It was Italy's
Intention to go as far as possible in
the way of concessions.
Interests Are Reconciled.
The joint official declaration, is
Bued this afternoon, says:
"The Italian and French premiers
have exchanged their views in a most
confident and amicable spirit con
cerning the European situation, as
well as relations' between France and
Italy. They are happy to note the
general community of interests of
the two countries) interests which
can easily be reconciled."
declaring a return to peace con
ditions essential, the statement con
tinues: "The premiers have resolved to
study in full accord a solution of the
RTave problems growing out of the
war. The essential aim remains gen
eral pacifications along equitable
grounds in respect to everv nation's
independence and the restoration of
normal economic relations, free from
all Idea of exclusive domination.
Close Entente Means Peace.
'M. Millerand and Giolitti recog
nize that the fundamental basis of
such a peace, which, to be lasting.
must be just, is a close entente of
the allies, especially in Europe or
,ngiana. Italy and France Resto
ration of political and moral order i
founded upon the application eouit
ably and sincerely of the great
treaties which terminated the war,
as well as those which remain to be
concluded, to assure definitely Euro
"These treaties are jointly binding: .
they must remain the cornerstone of
new international relations. The vic
tors must bring into them the spirit
of kindly moderation, the vanquished
the spirit of unrestrained loyalty."
PARIS, Sept. 13. The French for
eign office announced today that the
allies have acceded to the recent re
quest of the Lithuanian government
that they send representatives to the
conference between Lithuanian and
Polish delegates to consider the
.T, uiopuio. j.ne comerence
win ds neia soon.
under the constitution through the
agency of the republican party and
that Maine takes the lead in declaring
for America unmortgaged to the old
world, but still ready to serve human
ity as American conscience impels."
LEAGUE IS irELI OOXDEMXED
Parkhurs Says Main Campaign
Fought ott National Issues.
BANGOR, Me.. Sept. 13. Colonel
F. H. Parkhurst. republican candidate
ror governor, in a statement tonight
Baid that "as the campaign has been
vigorously contested by the democrats
on national issues, the result must
bo accepted as giving most conclusive
evidence that the voters of Maine re
sent the autocratic and un-American
administration that the democrats
have given us during the past seven
It is equally an Indorsement of
Harding and Coolidge," he added.
Democrats Refuse Comment.
NEW YORK, Sept. 13 Officials at
democratic national headquarters to
night received returns of the Maine
election with much interest, but de
clined to comment. A statement would
bo issued tomorrow, they said.
BLAZED BY WASTE
WHEAT HOLDING IS URGED
FARMERS TOLD TO WAIT UNTIL
THEY GET $2.75.
Low Price Wheat Not Benefit to
Consumers Because Production.
AVIU Fall, Is View.
KANSAS CITY. Mo., Sept! 13.
Growers of the spring wheat produc
ing area of the northwest are to be
urged to engage in the movement of
the winter wheat growers to hold their
wheat until it brings J2.75 a bushel
at country elevators, it was announced
today, following a wheat growers'
Representatives of farmers in Kan
sas, Missouri, Oklahoma and Nebras
ka, ratified resolutions adopted by
state-wide meetings indorsing the
movement to hold wheat "until it
brings cost plus a small profit." Farm
organizations of Minnesota, the Da
kotas and Montana were urged to ap
peal to their members to follow suit.
A survey by which it was shown
that the cost of growing a bushel of
wheat to insure the farmers a 20 per
cent profit, was $2.77 in four states
and $2.75 in seven others, was the
basis of the price suggested.
The present situation, in which
wheat is being bought now at coun
try shipping- points as low as $2 a
bushel. Is not benefiting the con
sumer, the conferees said, declaring
that speculators are reaping the bene
fit. The conferees contended that a
low price would result in decreased
acreage next year, less production
and a consequent higher price than
that now being asked.
An executive committee was named
to handle details of marketing in the
Federal Jobs Promiscuously
Given Bourbon Horde.
EXTRAVAGANCE IS PROVED
Representative Good Delivers Ad
dress in AVhich He Gives
Facts and Figures.
STRIKERS SEEKING JOBS
RAILROADS REPORT SWITCH
MAINE GOES REPUBLICAN
CContlnugd From FVrgt Pa.g.)
crisis. It means much for the wel
fare of the republic"
COOLIDGE FORESEES VICTORY
Result In Maine Said to Determine
BOSTON. Sept. 13. Governor Cool
idge, republican candidate for vice
president, in commenting- tonight on
the Maine election, said:
"It would look as if the national
lection already has been determined.
Buch a decisive vote in Maine must
indicate the trend of public opinion
throughout the nation. The result la
distinctly due to national causes.
"The enormous victory means that
the nation as a whole Is tired of the
national democratic administration.'
Governor Coolidge added that he
had sent Senator Harding a telegTam
leuing mm ne was already elected.
DANIELS BELITTLES RESULT
Republican Victory in Maine Held
to Be No November Forecast.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 13. Secretary
Daniels, who spoke In Maine for the
democratic ticket, commenting on the
election there tonight, said that the
-majority tor state offices in Sentem
ber does not foreshadow anything as
to the November result."
"The vote does not indicate the
strength of the sentiment In favor of
the league of nations in Maine," ho.
said, "borne of the ablest men in the
stats told) me that in a straight
league-of-nations referendum in No
vember, uox and Roosevelt could
carry th state on the question, un
affected by state Issues, if that issue
was presented directly to all voters."
COLORADO WILL VOTE TODAY
Special Watchers Ordered to Pre
vent Election Frauds.
DENVER. Colo, Sept. 13. Candi
dates for United States senator, con
gress and all state offices will be
selected by the various parties in
Colorado at tne primary election to
Special watchers In Denver's down
town precincts were ordered today
by the state supreme court to prevent
RESULT PLEASING TO HARDING
Unmortsagde America. Is Assured
Men Who Went on "Vacation"
Several Months Ago Being Em
ployed as New Men.
CHICAGO, Sept. 13. -Railroads in
Chicago tonight reported that the
switchmen who several months ago
went on "vacations" which they de
clared would last until demands for
higher pay were met, today were ap
plying for work in large numbers, de
spite the announcement from John
Gruneau, president of the Chicago
Yardmen's association, that the men
had voted to remain out.
Gruneau insisted that the vote
showed a majority of a few hundred
in favor of staying out, but other
leaders declared that the men had
voted to return.
Complete returns from all over the
country on the question of going back
to work are expected by Wednesday,
Railroads declared that the men
returning to work were being em
ployed as new men.
MARION, Sept. 13. Senator Hard
ing issued the following statement to
night after he had been Informed that
the Main election results indicated a
sweeping victory for the republican
"The result In Maine Is reassurance
that the American people mean to re
turn to representative governmen
DETROIT, s Mich., Sept. 13. (Spe
cial.) Representative James W. Good
of Iowa made a businesslike speech
tonight and told a gathering of
Wolverine republicans all about the
failure of the democratic administra
tion to carry out promises made to
the people, and opened books showing
democratic waste and extravagance.
Mr. Good, as chairman of the appro
priations committee of the house, is
one of the best informed men in the
United States on the subject of gov
ernment finances. He ridiculed Gov
ernor Cox's plan for a one and one
half consumption tax, and showed
where it would Increase the burden of
taxation instead of lightening it.
Mr. Good said in part:
"In 1912 the democratic party con
demned the republican party for ex
travagance and promised a return to
that simplicity and economy which
befits a democratic government, and a
reduction in the number of useless
offices, the salaries of which drain
the substance of the people. But the
books show what happened. As soon
as the democrats got into office they
commenced to pile up expenses and
jobs. Expenses of running the gov
ernment have steadily increased every
year since 1912, until the president
and his departmental heads asked
congress to give them, for this fiscal
year, almost nine times as mucn
money as the expenditures under the
republicans, which the democrats so
Waste Indicated Everywhere.
"Extravagance, waste and lneffl
iency are written on one page of the
history of this administration. On
July 1. 1912. there were 282,597 em
ployes of the United States engaged
n civil service. The numoer oi em
ployes has grown so fast that the
commission has not been able to count
them, apparently, but it estimates the
number on the payroll as 657,744, or
375.147 more than there were July l
1912, when the republicans were in
power. However, reliable informaton
is to the effect that the real number
totals more than 760.000. The demo
cratic administration thus admits It
has increased the payroll by 240 per
cent and stands charged by reliable
information as having increased it
by more than 350 per cent.
"Our government has an enormous
debt, now totaling approximately
$25,000,000,000. During the adminis
tration of Thomas Jefferson the an
nual expense for running the govern
ment was $1.52 per capita. During
the four years following the civil war
the total annual expense was ?J6.ui
per capita and during these four years
there was a rapid decrease In taxa
tion. For the fiscal year 1919 the
total of all expenditures, including
foreign loans, was an equivalent of
$339.52 for every man, woman and
child in the United States. The
amount of money the democrats asked
to carry on the business of the gov
ernment for the fiscal year would
have amounted to a sum equivalent
to $52 for every man, woman and
child In the United States if congress
had given them the money.
Budget System Vetoed.
"The crying need of today is for a
budget system. Millions of dollars a
year would be saved by such a sys
tem. Congress passed such a law a
the last session, but the presiden
vetoed it. The action of the presiden
and of the democrats in congress
clearly demonstrated that the demo
cratlc party Is not honestly in favo
of a budget system that will place
the government of the United States
on a sound business basis.
"Governor Cox has a plan to repeal
the excess profits tax which has made
living costs high and to enact anothe
consumption tax that will make them
still higher. In his speech of ac
ceptance he advocated placing a tax
probably 1 per cent, on the total
business of every going concern. Un
questionably taxes levied under the
so-called excess profits provision of
the revenue laws have in the main
been added to production costs and
the tax In the end paid by the con
sumer. The principle of this tax is
vicious and should be repealed.
"It would have been repealed if
congress had had the co-operation
and assistance of a real executive in
stead of being confronted with the
opposition of an autocrat.
"Mr. Cox proposes a tax more
odious than the excess profits tax a
tax on the backs and bellies of the
American people. It Is a tax that
very man who eats food or wears
clothing will be compelled to pay,
and it is a tax that will be pyra
mided many times and in the end
paid iy the consumer.
Cox's Flan la Odiona.
Tou of Detroit are Interested in
large manufacturers where iron and
steel are used. Put a tax of 1 4 Per
cent on business, which is only an
other term for consumption, and
what would be the result? The mine
owners who produce iron ore will
pay a tax of 1 per cent, the smel-
erer will be taxed the same on his
pig iron, the manufacturer of gray
as tings who mills or forges this
product will in turn be taxed the
same, the manufacturer who uses this
product will be assessed the tax, the
wholesaler would be taxed, the re
tailer would be taxed 1 per cent on
his total sales, and in the end who
will pay the tax? The consumer.
Of all taxes, the consumption tax,
especially at a time when living costs
have reached the breaking point for
the American people, is the most
odious. Vet this Is the tax Mr. Cox
would impose upon our people. It Is
never desirable to shift the burden
from those wJio can best afford to
pay to those who will be 'Compelled
to pay because they are hungry and
ihpiii i an ii 1 1 1 w i inn nil ii p i mm! . mi ijimu.i i muni" . "
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Factories: San Pablo and Richmond, California
Branches: Los Angeles, Portland and Salt Lake City
SMALL LAW BODY UHGEDii
3 00 MEMBERS COULD DO WORK
OF HOUSE, SAYS Mc ARTHUR..
NEW OFFICERS APPOINTED
Northwest Reserve Army Commis
sions Awarded by Examination.
OREGON! AN NEWS BUREAU.
Washing-ton, Sept. 13. The following
civilians or reserve officers have
been commissioned in the regular
army as a result of having: recently
passed the entrance examination:
From Oregon Henry N. Orin. Eol
ranch. Independence, captain, cavalry;
Char-lea W. Latimer, 3B4 East Forty-fifth
street, Portland, and Orland S. Peabody,
W63 Front ntret, Portland, first lieuten
ants, cavalry; William D. Coney, Medford,
second lieutenant, air service.
From Washington Allen Fletcher, Camp
Lewis, and Fred W. Llewellyn, Olympia,
majors, infantry; Joseph J. Fraser, Grand
view, Oscar Kain of Camp Lewis and Rob
ert S. Battman, San Juan de Fuca, cap
tains, infantry; Sidney G. Ferguon of
Camp Lewis, Homer P. Diettemore of Camp
lewla. Peter T. Herfner Jr. of Camp Tewis,
John B. Sinclair of Fort George Wright.
Edgar B. Heylmun of Camp Lewis and
Alfred P. Kitson of Spokane, first lieuten
ants. Infantry; Charles W. Hensey, Seat
tle, second lieutenant, field artillery; Rich
ard A. Allen, Seattle, captain, quartermaster.
From Idaho Albert E. Merrill. Idaho
Falls, first lieutenant, cavalry ; Patrick H.
Hudgins, Boibe, second lieutenant, veter
PERSHING 60 YEARS OLD
Few Slembers of Staff and Guests
WASHINGTON, Sept. IS. General
Pershing- today celebrated his 60th
birthday and the anniversary of the
second day or battle of fat. Mihiel.
first of ail-American major offensive
in the war.
Only members of his staff and a few
guests attended tbe celebration at
Crew and Agent Held Responsible
DENVER, Sept. 13. The crew of
the Boulder-bound special car and
the station agent at Globe were held
responsible for the labor day collision
of two interurban trains which re
sulted in tbe deaths of 12 persons
and injury of 101 others, in a verdict
returned late today by a coroner's
Representative Says His Personal
View Is That Two Men From
Oregon Are Sufficient.
SALEM. Or..- Sept. 13. (Special.)
That an Increase in the personnel of
the lower house of congress would
hamper rather than expedite the work
of that body was the assertion of C N.
McArthur, representative from the 3d
congressional district. In an address
at the Salem commercial club lunch
Mr. McArthur said he was convincea
that the business of the lower branch
of congress could be handled by 300
members, although the recent census
would increase the number to 4S0.
Oregon, Mr. McArthur declared, prob
ably would gain one mem Der as a re
sult of the latte census, which would
cive the state four instead or three
representatives aa at present. His
personal view, said Mr. McArthur, was
that two members would be sufficient
In law-making bodies having a
large number of members," Mr. Mc
Arthur said, "there always is a ten
dency for the control to fall into the
hands of a few. That ts not a proper
system of legislation for the reason
that all the people of the nation are
not represented. I contend that if the
personnel of the house were reduced
to 300 members, coupled with better
salaries and improved facilities, it
would be more representative and the
results would be far more effective.
"As in the state legislatures, the
work of congress is handled largely
by the committee and few of the
members have an opportunity to give
personal attention to all of the im
portant legislation oiterea ior ap
proval. " '
Representative McArthur also said
he was an advocate of simultaneous
election of the president. United States
senators and representatives and
would have all of them enter upon
their duties in January. Through this
improvement in the present system.
he said, the voters would be able to fix
party responsibility, thereby placing
the entire administration at the mercy
of the electorate in case it did not
Abolition of the short session of
congress and adoption of the budget
system provided In a bill now pend
ing before the senate-also were ad
vocated by Mr. McArthur.
TWO HIDE MEN ARRESTED
Larceny of $48,972 Charged to
President and Secretary of Firm.
GRAND RAPIDS. Mich., Sept. 13.
Biar Crohon and Phil Paris, president
and secretary .respectively, of the
Great Western Hide company of Bos
ton, were taken into custody here
today on a grand jury warrant Issued
in Boston charging grand larceny of
The warrant, according to local of
ficers, was issued on complaint of the
Anglo-South American bank of New
York and the International Trust
company of Boston.
Crohon declared tonight his arrest
was due to a misunderstanding.
7 KILLED, 8 ARE INJURED
Explosion Blows Out Breech Block
of Gun. on Japanese Ship.
HONOLULU, Sept. 13. Seven were
killed and eight wounded by explo
sion which blew out the breech block
of a gun aboard the Japanese battle
cruiser Harluna while at maneuvers
In Muroran bay, according to a cable
gram from Tokio to the Nippu Jijl
Japanese language newspaper here.
The Hariuna is the flagship of the
second battleship squadron.
We Want a State
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We want to get in touch immediately
with a man who has the experience,
qualification and capital to take charge
of the distribution of a high-grade stor
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It will require, a capital of not less
than $1500 to handle this proposition.
For the exclusive state rights we will
require a deposit of $500, same to be re
funded as per terms of contract which
will be submitted.
The Paragon is strictly a quality bat
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For information address or call at Div. C
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