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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 8, 1920)
THE MORNING OTtEG ONTAN, TUESDAY, JUNE 8, 1920
JOHNSON SAYS PARTY
T FACE TREATY
MINOR STORIES BEARING ON
- CONVENTION AT CHICAGO
PUIS ADOPTED BY
Senator Cheered at
Filling Big Hall.
BORAH CALLED PIONEER
Republicanism "for tlie Few" De
nounced League in "Present
Form" Is Opposed.
' (Continue! Kroin First Tage
his way" in the campaign
policies they represented.
Cheers frequently interrupted the
kpeaker and he apparently tried to
hold down demonstrations to proceed.
The meeting was punctuated with
flashes of lightning and claps of
thunder wafted in on an evening
storm. The downpour washed some
of the overflow meeting away from
th front of the theater, but about
half of it stuck and when the shower
passed the others returned.
Present League Scored.
Declaring radicals of today were
the conservatives of tomorrow. Sena
tor Johnson harked back, to his de
fection from the party in 1312 and
taid he remained "the same man,"
proclaiming the same doctrines in the
tamo, way. "That which we preached
and for which we were condemned in
1312 and 1916," he said, "has been ac
cepted all over the country." Declar
ing his opposition to the "present
covenant" of the league of nations,
.Senator Johnson added: "Reservations
are urged as our protection and safe
guard. Remember that when you
once assume the obligation and then
tit in secrecy in Geneva, resolutions
will have very, very little effect. The
way to avoid the pitfalls of European
and Asiatic diplomacy is to stay out
of this thing." There is a material
aspect also, Senator Johnson said, in
the league proposal. "We loaned
Europe $10,000,000,000," he said, "and
have forgiven them the interest. And
Kurope offers us a partnership. Its
charm is not so obvious from an
American standpoint unless, owing us
$J 0,000,000,000, they will sit in secrecy
in Geneva and take eight votes to
your one in determining what you
will do with what you've got." Jeers
and hoots greeted the statement.
Mr. Borah Praises Senator.
Senator Borah also spoke, declaring
Senator Johnson was tlie only repub
lican not willing to compromise
The crowd cheered as Senator John
son concluded and Senator Borah
arose. The latter referred to Mr.
Johnson as "the next president of the
United States. "
Referring to efforts in 1860 to com
promise the slavery question, Mr.
Korah compared it with the league
dispute. There Is a disposition
among leaders of both the republican
and democratic parties to compromise
a question which cannot be compro
mised, he said, and the crowd
cheered. As in 1860 there has come
out of the west a man who refused to
compromise when the independence
and the sovereignty of the nation is
threatened. Hiram Johnson is the
only candidate before the republican
national convention who refused to
compromise the independence and the
sovereignty of the American people.
IleMervattons ot I. iked.
Referring to the treaty reserva
tions. Senator Borah said: "There is
not a single reservation offered that
keeps us out of Kurope." Senator
Borah served notice that he proposed
to discuss tlie treaty issue in the con
vention and that he did not propose
to compromise. Ho read article 11 of
tlie league covenant. ' which he de
clared was untouched by any of the
proposed reservations. but which
would call for the sending of Amer
ican troops to settle European quar
rels. "If Mr. Lowden has not read article
11 '" he continud. but hisses and cat
calls cut short the sentence and some
one yelled, "he's a pussyfoot." "You
let our governor alone," shouted some
one else. "I'm not going to leave
your governor alone." replied Senator
Borah, "so long as he's a candidate.
We are fighting our fight upon ideals
and not money. Therefore, 1 am going
to discuss these matters not only here
but in the convention."
The crowd was aroused again when
Senator Borah declared: "A man who
puts up $500,000 for a candidate ex
pects to get it back somewhere along
Some of the crowd seemed to resent
the fling while others cheererl nnrt
the two factions in the galleries got
into a debate between themselves.
Somebody asked Mr. Borah if he would
be secretary of state should Mr. John
son be elected and Mr. Borah replied
that he believed Senator Johnson
would have better judgment.
Presidency ot for Sale.
Relating how the Roman crown
once was sold for the equivalent of
$-'.500,000, Senator Borah added:
"We're not going to sell the presi
dency of the United States for
$2,500,000; that's too cheap."
"I do not say this because I have
any fear that either of these gentle
men will be nominated, but because I
consider it utterly discreditable that
they would permit their names to be
considered after they had attempted
to control the convention by the use
.From a fire-escape balcony on the
theater front Senator Johnson spoke
a second time to an overflow audience
that packed the street and defied a
sprinkle of rain. "I would not ex
change this for all the wealth of the
world or the power of- the presi
dency," he declared. "This demon
strates that a man who has nothing
but the gifts God gave him can be a
candidate for the presidential nomi
nation. Whatever betides us in the
week to come, that demonstration has
not been made in vain."
Defining two big issues in his eve
ning address, Senator Johnson de
clared that the first was the high cost
of living, to be coped with not wholly
by new law but by "unshrinking ad
ministration of the present law."
The second issue, international, he
covered flatly with the declaration:
"I am opposed to the present covenant
of the league, of nations," e,mphaeiz
ing his opposition to the league plan
of tha Versailles treaty.
"Against It tne republican party
must take its stand." he declared.
"There can be no hiding or skulking
upon an issue of this magnitude. In
this campaign men must march under
the polyglot banner of European im
perialism and internationalism or un
der the old stars and stripes."
Senator Johnson expressed his faith
in American business men and the
standards of American business in
tegrity and patriotism in dealing with
the high cost of living, but declared
there was a "very small group"-In the
ranks of industrial and commercial
life whose practices were nefarious.
These he accused of "breeding radi
new epithet, that of "radical," he
CHICAGO, June 7. Republican na
tional committeemen elected or
re-elected so far include:
Oregon Ralph E. Williams.
Washington Guy E: Kelley, Ta
coma. Alaska J. C. McBride, Juneau.
Connecticut J. Henry Roraback.
Nebraska R. B. Howell; New Mex
ico. H. O. Bursum; Pennsylvania,
Boies Penrose; Wyoming, Patrick Sul
livan. . Jowa John T.'dams.--Nevada
George Win field.
Dry Decision Calmly Heard.
CHICAGO. June 7. Word from
Washington that' "the supreme court
had held national prohibition and the
Volstead act constitutional did not
excite convention delegates: Most of
the delegates said they were glad the
question- had been settled. Leaders
said there never was a possibility of
injecting the liquor issue in the plat
form or campaign, and now that the
court has acted it was out of the way,
they added, for a good long time.
Queen Telegraphs Candidate.
CHICAGO, June 7. Colonel Henry
W. Anderson, Virginia's vice-presidential
candidate, received a cablegram
from Queen Marie. of Rumania today
expressing Interest in his candidacy
and good wishes for his success. He
was formerly chief commissioner of
the American Red Cross for eastern
Women Want Platform Hearing.
CHICAGO. June 7. The National
League of Women Voters announced
today it will apply for a hearing be
fore the republican platform commit
tee. Mrs. Maud Wood Park of Wash
ington, chairman of the league, said
the league would urge action on child
welfare, education, home and food
supply, wage-earning women, public
health and morals and independent
citizenship for married women.. Mrs.
Park said that on child .welfare the
league sought adequate appropriation
for a federal children's bureau, prohi-
Dition oi cniia labor and lederal co
operation for maternity and infancy
care. " . , . .'
Mass Meeting to Hear Bryan.
June 1. Wjlliam . Jcn-
will address the mass
meeting of supporters of the national
prohibition amendment' held here to
morrow afternoon between sessions of
the republican convention, the na
tional offices of the prohibition party
North Carolina Claims Conflict.
RALEIGH. N. C, June 7. Conflict
ing claims as to the results of Sat
urday's republican primary were still
being made today by the state man
agers of Senator Johnson of Califor
nia and Major-General Leonard Wood.
Iredell Meares, who managed the
Johnson campaign, declared his candi
date had carried the state by a large
majority, while Zeb.V. Welser, head
of the Wood forces, refused to con
cede this, insisting that the vote in
the mountain districts was 3 to 1 In
favor of General Wood and would
prove. -sufficient to decide the result.
CHICAGO, June 7.. "Governor
Sproule -is -a. .candidate for . president
with the .unqualified support of the
Pennsylvania delegation to the end
and without any deals," said Attorney-General
Schaffer of Pennsylvania
in a statement tonight.
The stfecring committee of ten ap
pointed Jjy the Pennsylvania caucus
today mapped out its plan of cam
paign. Leaders in the delegation said
they expected the three leading can
didates to get into a deadlock and
that on the break, many delegates
would swing over to Governor Sproule.
Iowa Primary Is Held.
. DES MOINES, June 7. Iowa's state
wide primary election to seVect can
didates on both republican and demo
cratic tickets from United States
senator down to county offices, was
held today. There were few contests
on the democratic ballot. United
States Senator Albert B. Cummins
was opposed by Colonel Smith Brook
hart for, the 'republican . nomination
for United States 'senator.
Candidates pKxchange Visits.
CHICAGO, June 7. Governor Low
den exchanged visits today with presi
dential candidates. Calling first on
Major-General Wood, he visited head
quarters on - presidential row. Gen
eral Wood later -returned the gov
ernor's call and stopped In to shake
hands with other candidates.
AID FOR HIGHWAYS ASKED
asserted, had been flung at him by
the "kept press." Asserting his belief
in stringent application of law to
those who "advocate the overthrow
by force and violence of the American
government," he indicated he wel
comed attacks from sources he described.
Challenge la Accepted.
"If it be radical to demand 100 per
cent service from public officials and
to insist upon justice and decency and
righteousness in government; if it be
radical to preach tht humanity have
equal consideration with property,
he said, "and finally if it be radical to
be just American, I accept the chal
lenge." Touching on the league of nations,
on which he said his "whole cam
paign" was based, he declared:
"Longingly our eyes were turned to
Paris during the secret deliberations.
With the presentation of the covenant
came our disillusionment. We found,
not a union of the free peoples of the
world, but we found the perpetuation
of the old imperialism.
"Peoples were forgotten. Rulers re
mained supreme. Progress was pre
cluded. Every existing injustice was
"instead of a pact to prevent war.
we were given a league to maintain
the present existing power. Instead of
that which would enable humanity to
expand and grow, to progress and to
prosper, we found humanity shackled
and the world put in a straitjacket,
imposed for all the years to come.
Hopes Deelared Blighted.
" "Instead of disarmament, every
where were increased armaments. The
hopes of those who had earnestly
wished and fervently prayed were
blighted and betrayed. The document
represented the triumph of cynical
old-world diplomacy, the defeat of
Declaring he had fought for "ab
solute right of the American people
to meet this issue," Senator Johnson
"We would never be selfish or un
generous with the rest of the world.
In the future as in the past we would
ever respond to humanity's call and
civilization's cry. All that we insist
upon is that when crises occur, when
the time arrives, the American peo
ple shall determine whether they act.
and how they act, and no European
nation shall determine it for them.
We want our independence of action
unfettered, our freedom untouched
our sovereignty unimpeached. We
want to lead our lives in our own
way. We want in short to be just
Senator Johnson began his address
with a reference to the history of the
last few years, the war, the situation
precipitated upon the nation.
Masses Held Ignored.
"The great question now for the re
publican party to decide is whether
it shall as in the early days of its ex
istence, boldly and courageously, in
spired by heaven-bor hopes and as
pirations, with, head high, eyes clear
and hands clean,-meet the test, or
whether it shall hesitate and falter,
and timidly hide within the shadows
nf TM-ivlleire." he said.
"Every thoughtful member of the
republican party, all who earnestly
desire-its success, would have it avoid
the pitfalls which the peculiar times
present. There are some now, as
ever, who would make it the party ot
the few; some who would make it
wholly subservient to power. Learn
ing nothing from the lessons of the
past, there a're those who would dis
regard the voices of the great ma
jority of the rank and file of the
party and impress upon it their own
arbitrary " will. - These individuals,
abetted by a kept press, affect to view
with contempt the expressed prefer
ence of the members of the party and
in disdain of the mass of the party
would substitute their desire and de
cision for those of the great majority.
These individuals are, fortunately,
few, but sometimes they are In posi
tions of power.
"Common Folks Championed.
"In their swollen arrogance, de
pending upon the kept press for their
justification, they would read out of
the republican party those who have
written its glorious history, the plain
people of Lincoln. They fondly hug
the delusion that they and their pup
pets may act in defiance of the rank
and file. These few, and the mem
bers of the press acting with them,
are our real enemies. I deny their
rights to draw the line in the repub
lican party against just common
folks. 1 deny the Tight ot any men
to set at naught their expressed will.
.All cry out against the attempt made
Dy a tew today to acnumanize tne re
publican' party. . .
"Avoiding the pitfalls, victory is
with in our grasp. After eight years
of high-sounding phrases and actions,
wholly at variance, the American
people recognize the rescue and re
generation of their' government. Un
der democratic leadership they have
blindy groped in a mental mystic
Laws Mot Blamed so Much.
in is is no year for the anaemic
politician. -j he rirst great ' problem
the high cost of living, cannot be by
a single remedy cured immediately.
The, difficulty has not been with the
law, but with the administration of
"When these laws shall be impar
tially administered, when with like
diligence their penalties shall be vis
ited not only upon the little profiteer
of the village, but the big and pow
erful profiteer of the city, then some
measure of relief will be afforded."
Charging that there were men who
by their contempt of law "aroused the
vindictive radicalism which we all
abhor," he continued: ---
"We do deal with this class just
as we deal with the preacher of se
dition and it is this knowledge on
the part of those who represent them
In politics and those who 'speak for
them through the poison press tha
brings us today a new epithet 'rad
ical.' it is the new bogey with which
to frighten the timid.
Hlsrher TL'piv Aimed At.
"There are radicals in this coun
try. There are a few who preach
the overthrow of the government by
force ana violence, ana whom we
would all make feel the heavy hand
ot tne law. Jiivery normal American
would deal drastically with these. But
there is another class of radicals, too,
who breed the blatant ones and who
because of their power and their jn
fluence, their cunning and their en
trenched "position, are far more dan
gerous. I would deal in like man
ner with both classes.-.
"If it be radlcaf to riemnnH inn
cent service' from public officials and
to insist upon justice and decency
and righteousness in government;, if
it be radical o preach that humanity
have equal consideration with prop
erty; If it be radical not only to guard
what man has acquired, but to bring
wherever possible a little of God's
sunlight into the lives of men, women
and children; if it be radical to pre
serve this great nation from the
wiles and pitfalls -.of Europeans and
Asiatic sovereignty; if, finally, it be
radical to be just American, I accept
the challenge." i .
hree Suggestions Made for
Several Vacancies Filled on Roll of
Alternates as Runners-Up
Are .Not Present.
CHICAGO, June 7. (SpeciaL)-
Flnal arrangements for Oregon's
participation In the republican na
tional convention were completed in
conference of the delegation today
which adopted three proposals to be
asked of the platform committee and
filled vacancies . in the temporary
roll of alternates.
A special subcommUtce to which
three resolutions were referred yes
terday reported favorably on all and
Judge Wallace McCamant as Ore
gon e member of the resolutions com
mittee of the convention will seek
to have incorporated In the platform
the following planks:
A demand that the executive de
partmcnts at Washington abandon
bureaucratic methods and be made
more responsive to the inquiries of
the ordinary citizen without regard
to political influence.
Planks Wanted in Platform.
indorsement of the national wom
an's suffrage amendment and an ap
peal to the republican governors of
states which have not yet ratified the
amendment to call special sessions of
their legislatures for that specific
Indorsement of added federal aid
for highway construction in western
states in lieu of the taxes lost through
public lands withheld by the federal
government from the state tax rolls.
It was found necessary to fill sev
eral vacancies on the roll of alter
nates because many of those placed
on the temporary roll as having
been the runners up in the primary
delegate contests are not here, the
roll as completed today stands:
Roll of Alternates Filled.
Alternates at large Sanfield Mo
Donald and William 1. Harrison. Port
land; Denton Burdick. Redmond and
Walter L. Tooze Sr., Salem.
i irst district. Dr. J. C. Booth and
Mrs. J. C. Booth, Lebanon; second
district. M. Z. Donnell, The Dalles, and
tioy icitner, Pendleton.
Third district. Drs. F. D. Northruo
ana Jonn L. Day of Portland.
Complete attendance of Oregon's
regularly elected delegation of ten
members was made possible today by
tne arrival of J. D. Cooper of The
Dalles who Is understood to be the
second oldest delegate here. The only
delegate outranking Mr. Cooper In
point of years is former Senato
Chauncey M. Depew of New York who
is now attending his 14th nationa
I'oliowing today's conference, the
Oregon delegation made the rounds o
all the campaign headquarters, meet
ing every candidate personally, shak
mg his hand and remaining long
enougn to get a good closeup view.
uniy a few of the delegations here
nave adopted this Oregon plan o
making a personal study of the can
FUND IS NOW SUFFICIENT
LlUjUATIO.X.i'j AID TO VETER
ANS SU11I3 ITXTlIj JANUARY
HOOVER GETS DEGREE
Commencement ' Address ? Delivered
at Swanhmorc College.
SWARTHMORE, Pa., June 7. Her
bert C. Hoover-, candidate-for there
jublican nomination for president,
made the commencement address at
Swarthmore college today.- and re
ceived an honorary degree of doctor
He did not touch on politics. "
Drainage. Plans Discussed.
SALEM.VOr., June-; 7. (Special.)
J. W. Fletcher, of the' firm of Fergu
son & Fletcher of Klamath Falls, was
here today conferring with Percy
Cupper, state engineer, with, regard to
approval of the plans and specifica
tions for the Klamath Falfc Drain
age district. This district ' includes
approximately 25,000 acres, and the
expense of developing the project is
estimated at $190,000.
Secretary of State Kozcr Fixes
Number of ex-Soldiers Get
ting Assistance at 1100.
SALEM. Or.. June 7. (Special.)
That the deficiency appropriation
$250,000 authorized at last Friday'
meeting of the state emergency board
probably will be sufficient to insure
operation of the so-called soldiers'
sailors and marines' educational
law until next January, when fund
derived from the 1920 tax will begi
to reach the state treasurer, was th
statement made here today by Sam
A. Kozer, secretary of state.
According to Mr. Kozers record
4100 ex-service men are receiving aid
from tne state, in the absence of ci
act ngures. It is said that severs
hundred of these men already hav
completed their first year's course
study, and will not be entitled
more funds until they resume their
second year's course of study next
September. There are a total of 110
institutions in which these men are
To carry on the work prescribed by
this act there was levied a tax of two
tenths of a mill based on all the as
sessable property in Oregon In 191,9,
which raised approximately $198,087..
09. Added to this sum was $250,000,
which was contained in a deficiency
appropriation authorized by the state
emergency board last fall and ap-
If your footpath
through life is a jour-
siery, you go your
ways in .luxury and
strenuous days we
have . kept the quality
at any cost and have
topped that task by a
of a moderate price.
proved by the legislature during its
special session in January. This grand
total of $448,087.09 has been exhaust
ed,' however, and last Friday the
emergency board authorized an addi
tional appropriation of $225,000. This
latter sum, it is believed by officials,
will be sufficient to carry on the work
until the taxes begin to come in early
WALLA WALLA. Wash., June 7.-
(Special.) Sheriff Tates and Elmer
Connick. janitor at the courthouse,
were acquitted today of having intox
icating liquor illegally in their pos
session. The jury was out 15 minutes.
Physical Director Appointed.
UNIVERSITY OF OREGON. Eugene,
June 7. (Special.) Eva Hansen of
Marshfield, a senior in the physical
education department, has accepted
the position of director of physical
education in the Pendleton public
schools for the coming year. In ad
dition to her work in the university
here. Mitis Hansen has had one year's
reconstruction work in Massachusetts
during the war. During the past year
she has had charge of classes in
freshman gymnasium and the junior
high school gymnasium and has con-
ducted private dancing class
number of Eugene children,
Read The Oregonian classified ads.
At Last, Relief
Now Is an Excellent Time to Get Rid
of Its Tortures.
Victims of rheumatism should take
advantage of the warm season which
is so favorable to the proper treat
ment for this painful ailment.
Rheumatism s more than a mere
local disorder confined to the locality
of the painful parts. It cannot be
rubbed away, because it is a deep
seated disease that has its source
in the blood supply. . The tiny pain
demons, the millions of little disease
germs that cause . the disease, must
be reached and eliminated from the
blood before real relief can. be had.
S. S. S. has been successfully used
for rheumatism for more than 60
years. It is the most thorough and
reliable blood remedy because It
searches out and eliminates' all dis
ease germs which infest the blood. .
Go to your drug store and get a
bottle of S. S. S. today, and begin to
take a rational, sensible treatment
for rheumatism that will show re
sults. For free expert medical ad
vice regarding your own case, write
fully to chief medical adviser. 603
Swift Laboratory, Atlanta, Ga. Adv.
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