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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
: . '. v i. ,
VOL. LIX NO. 18,317
Entered it Portland (Oregon)
Pojioffice a Second-Oman Matter.
PORTLAND OREGON, WEDNESDAY, MARCH' 31, 1920
PRICE FIVE CENTS
blocking draft !ssSes
HOQVEB READY IP
COAL PRICE TO GO UP
TO MEET MINERS' PAY
ACCEPTED BY ALLIES
CLOSE GUARD OX EX-KAISER
PROMISED IX XOTE.
CITY'S EMPLOYES IN
CHICAGO ON STRIKE
POLICE AXD FIREMEX ALSO
TAKE STEPS- TO QUIT.
TOBK MOST LEW
IS GALLED HONOR!-
OPERATORS AXXOUNCE RISE
WlU3i CONTROL ENDS.
ONfMEXTS OVERTURNED AAD
QUESTION PUT UP TO PART
LEAGUE HELD PARAMOUN
J ormer Administrator M ill hup
port Parly Provided it Is Neither
Reactionary Nor Radical.
) PAN FRANCISCO, March 30. Her-
; J bert Hoover today telegraphed the
. Hoover Republican club of Califor-
tiia that ho would accept the republl
i can nomination for president "if it is
' . felt that the issues necessitate it and
4 fit is demanded of me.
; ' Mr. Hoover said:
"If the republican party with the
'.: Independent clement of which 1 am
naturally affiliated adopts a for
.1 ward-looking, liberal, constructive
platform on the treaty and on our
' ; economic issues, and If tho party pro
J poses measures for sound business ad
ministration of the country, and is
i neither reactionary nor radical in its
i approach to our great domestic ques-
: tions. and is backed by men who un
doubtcdly assure tho consummation
'.".! of these policies and measures'. I will
give it my entire support.
Nominal ion Not Sought.
"While I do not and will not myself
seek the nomination, if it is felt tha
J the issues necessitate it and it is de
. I manded. I cannot refuse service,"
; Mr. Hoover aligned himself with
-i those favoring the United States' en
trance into the league of nations
with reservations "safeguarding
American traditions and interests."
and declared he differed just as
strongly with "the extreme view ad
vocated against any league at all"
as he did with "the extreme position
taken by the president on participa
tion in purely European affairs."
He stated that he had hitherto re
frained from entering into partisan
political discussion pending clarifi
cation of diverging views on the great
new Issues, but that recent develop
ments in the treaty situation, stag
nation in economic adjustment, and
urgent representations regarding the
situation in California had impelled
him to "confirm the action that my
republican friends there have already
taken without consulting me."
Partisan I'Taya Avoided.
The telegram addressed to War
ren Gregory, president of the Hoover
Kepublican , club of California, fol
lows: "I had not wished to enter nor
could I hitherto see any real public
service by entering into partisan po
litical discussion, more especially
pending the clarification of the di
verging views of the different groups
in the parties on the great new issues,
The recent developments over the
treaty, stagnation in adjustment of
our great economic problems, and
particularly the many urgent repre
sentations that I have received as to
the situation in my own state con
vince me that it is my duty to con
firm the action that my republican
- ) "Vfrlends there have already taken
. i without consulting me.
( "I understand that there is a great
, wish among the republicans of Cali
fornia to have opportunity to express
themselves in favor of the league of
nations with proper reservations safe
guarding American traditions and in
terests. as opposed to the extreme
view advocated against any league
Mr. Hoover States luaae.
"I differ Just as strongly with this
view as I differ with the extreme po
sition taken by the president on par
ticipation in purely European affairs.
This issue Is whether, with reserva
tions protecting our position, we
should join the moral forces of the
world to reduce the dangers again
growing around us, or whether we
will, by pretenso of an insularity that
we do not possess, sit beyond the face
of growing armies, navies, national
antagonisms, reaction, or, in reverse.
the spread of bolshevism. through
much of the world. This would be
tire defeat of the hopes for which our
sons were sacrificed in this war.
"Entirely aside from this moral
idealism of the league and the danger
to our own ultimate peace, the solu
tion of our domestic problems, such
as the size of our armament, reduc
tion in taxation, and the prevention
of agricultural and industrial depres
sion and consequent unemployment,
is dependent upon stability abroad
and upon our access to the world's
markets, which today are endangered
by discrimination against us through
eur inability to exercise our veto un
der the treaty. I believe It is the
transcendant service which the re
publican party can render to the na
tion to settle a league efficiently de
signed to give us these national pro
tections. Qnrstieat l Party.
ilthe policies of great parties, yet every
:-',ian and woman has a right to decide
support. If the republican party, with
i the independent element of which I
Increase of 65 Cents to 51.25 Each
Ton Planned Wage Increase
Averages Only 25 Cents.
NEW YORK, March 30. The action
of Prcsidont Wilson's coal commission
in granting bituminous mine workers
a wage increase of 27 per cent means
the price of coal at the mines will
advance 63 cents to $1.25 a ton, bitu
minous coal operators announced here
While asserting they "desired to
keep the price of coal as low as pos
sible and to avoid speculation in the
pioduct of their mines." mine owners
cited Illinois as the only state where
the minimum increase would apply.
This was said to be due to local con
ditions, which lessen the cost of pro
duction. Since the removal of bituminous coal
price restrictions by the president
some operators, it was said, already
had sold large quantities of coal for
April delivery at from 13.50 to t a
ton. The government price of $2.95 is
effective, however, to April 1. The
operators in some districts, it was
said, have received as much as $4.75 a
ton in Instances where big purchas
ers went into the fields and engaged
in competitive bidding.
The mine workers' representatives
refused to make any comment on the
proposed increases in prices, except
to state that the new wage agreement
would only "involve 25 cents a ton
average increased expense."
The new wage agreement embody-
ng the sward of President 'V llson a
bituminous coal commission probably
will be ratified tomorrow by the op
crators and mine workers of the cen
tral competitive field, ' according to
statements madfj here tonight.
NEW YORK, March 30. Represen
atives of bituminous coal workers
announced today that they would at-
empt to obtain a greater wage in-
rease than the 27 per cent accepted
yesterday by ihe joint conference of
operators and workers, pending a new
BRIBERY CHARGES FALSE
ury Exonefatcs Xew York District
Attorney Cndcr Fire of Police.
NEW YORK, March 30. Extraor
nary grand Jury investigation of
the conduct of three assistant district
attorneys, filed a presentment in the
tate supreme court late this after
noon, exonerating Assistant District
Attorney Smith of charges of alleged
bribery contained in a letter found in
Mayor Hylan's files.
Police Inspector Dominiclt Henry,
under fire from Mr. Smith's office, re
cently had made public six affidavits
barging the assistant district attor-
ey with seeking to bargain with him
for the sale of police protection to
gambling resorts. Mr. Henry is in
command of the police" in the "tender
amcd Beauty Draws Crowds to
Hospital; Strain Too Much.
WASHINGTON, March 30. Movie
men, reporters and a curious public
proved too much for Princess Nadija
Vasilievna Troubctzkoy. styled the
most beautiful nurse in the world
when she tried to work as a nurse in
Garfield Memorial hospital here.
The news that a beautiful nurse
and a princess at that, was in the In
stitution, put it in a stage of siege.
The princess informed the superin
tendent it was "too nerve racking"
and left Saturday, saying she had a
headache. Today ehe sent word she
would not return.
NEWSPRINT BILL PASSES
Measure Expected to Provide Re
lief to Small Papers.
WASHINGTON, March 30. Print
paper costing not more than 8 cents
a pound would be admitted tax free
under a bill amending the revenue
act passed unanimously by the house
today and sent to the senate. The
present law fixed E cents as the limit,
but members said none at that price
was available for Import.
.Representative Kltchin, democrat,
North Carolina, said the bill was an
emergency measure, needed to save
"hundreds of small papers from ruin."
WILLARD IS FINED $1
Threat Against Xegro Officer
Brings About Arrest.
LAWRENCE, Kan., March 30. Jesa
Willard, former heavyweight cham
pion, was fined Jl and costs by Jus
tice R. C. Manley here today on a
charge of disturbing the peace.
Complaint was made by Fred Logan,
a negro policeman, who testified to
day that Willard told him "that he
would kick his lungs out" when
trouble arose when Willard, . in an
automobile, attempted to pass Logan,,
who was riding in a wagon.
MARYLAND . HILLS AFIRE
High Wind Is Driving Blaze
Through Valuable Timber.
CUMBERLAND, Md.. March SO.
Hay Stack. Polish and Knobley moun
tains are ablaze from forest fires,
which are hard to fight on account of
The wardens kept fires from reach
ing buildings but much valuable tim
Marriage Takes Place at
Los Angeles Sunday.
DR. BROUGHER OFFICIATES
Wedding Simple With Few
BRIDE RECENT DIVORCEE
Couple Goes to Bridegroom's Home
in Beverly Hills Following
LOS ANGELES, Cal., March 30.
Mary Pickford, who early this month
obtained a divorce at Minden, Nev.,
from Owen Moore, is now the wife of
Dougr.as Fairbanks, it became known
here late today. Fairbanks' first wife
obtained a clvorce nearly two years
ago In New York.
Miss Pickford and Mr. Fairbanks
obtained a marriage license here se
cretly last Friday and at 10:30 o'clcok
Sunday night the ceremony was per
formed by the Rev. James Whitcomb
Brougher, pastor of the Temple Bap
tist church, at the latter s residence.
Guests included the minister's fam
ily, Fairbank's brother Robert, who
acted as best man, and the latter's
wife: the bride's mother, Mrs. Char
lotte Smith; Margery Daw, a motion
picture actress, who served as brides
maid; the Rev. Henry Miles Cook, as
sistant pastor of the Temple Baptist
church, and R. S. Sparks, the deputy
county clerk, who Issued the license.
The bride was dressed in white and
the bridegroom in the conventional
evening garb. The ceremony took
place as soon as the pastor could
reach his home after conducting the
evening church services.
Honeymoon to Be Qniet.
After the ceremony the minister
read passages from the book of
Ephesians, using a Bible which the
bridegroom's mother had given him
when she was dying.
It is understood the bride and bride
groom went immediately from the
minister's home to Fairbanks' resi
dence in Beverly Hills, near Los An
geles, where they are said to be pass
ing a quiet honeymoon.
The license, it developed, was not
issued from the marriage license bu
reau in the courthouse, where most
couples have to apply, but at Fair
banks' home in Beverly Hills, last
Friday night, when the then prospec
tive bridegroom gave a dinner party
there in honor of the bride, with the
minister and the license clerk as
"Cupid" Sparks, the clerk, tonight
"I had a hunch I might be asked
(Concluded on Page 4, Column 2.)
WHO'S GOING TO CARRY AWAY THE VICE-PRESIDENTIAL
Surrender of Milliclm for Trial,
However, Is Steadfastly Re
fused by Dutch.
LONDON, March 31. The allied
powers have accepted Holland's last
note regarding the German ex-cm
peror, according to an Amsterdam
dispatch to the Dally Mail.
The Dutch government on March 5,
for the second time refused to de
liver the German ex-empcror to th
allies for trial. This determinate
was set forth in a note addressed to
the British premier, which, however,
declared that the Dutch governmen
would take all necessary measures to
minimize the liberty of Wilhelm and
prevent him from endangering the
The communication stated that
precautions to this end would be
taken "on the spot." It was assumed
that this meant that a close guard
over the German ex-emperor and
strict censorship would be instituted
while Wilhelm occupied his estate a
"DRY" ARGUMENTS END
Constitutionality Proceedings Rest
With Supreme Court.
WASHINGTON, March 30. Argu
ments on the constitutionality of the
prohibition amendment and provisions
of the enforcement act were concluded
today in the supreme court. Seven
separate proceedings now rest with
the court for determination.
The arguments today were on ap
peals brought by Christian Feigcn-
span of Newark. N. J., from federal
court decrees dismissing an injunc
tion to enjoin prohibition officials
from preventing him from manufac
turing beer containing more than one
half of 1 per cent alcohol, and appeals
from judgment restraining officials
from interfering with the Manitowoc
Products company, a Wisconsin con
cern, in the manufacture of beer con
taining 2.5 per cent of alcohol by
COAST AIR MAIL LOOMS
Flier Makes Trip From Oakland
to Los Angeles in 4 j Hours.
LOS ANGELES, March 30. Regula
tion dally airplane mails between San
Francisco and Oakland and Los An
geles may result from the flight from
Oakland to this city today by R. C.
Durant, who made the first official
trip over the air mall route In four
hours 30 minutes, actual flying time.
Durant left Oakland at 10:21 this
morning and reached Chaplin field,
Los Angeles, at 3:33 this afternoon.
DAYLIGHT SAVING STAYS
Xew York Assembly Defeats Bill
Designed to Repeal Law.
ALBANY, N. T March 30. The
Fowler bill, designed to repeal the
daylight saving law, failed of passage
in the assembly late today.
The vote was 75 to 64, one less than
required. The same bill was adopted
by a 26 to 25 vote in the senate last
I -tL- 1 U I
E l M t ; 1 4 r
1 PS-1 I PaW YTtVv ' I J s I
Refusal of Council' to Increase
Salaries Threatens Tie-Up of
AH Civic Departments.
CHICAGO. March 30. With 1000
city hall clerks, stenographers and
bookkeepers on strike today, the
municipal garbage reduction plant
closed through the walkout of 400
garbage handlers and the threat of
90 per cent of Chicago firemen to
resign unless wage advances were
granted, Chicago tonight was faced
with . a general strike of city em
The city council early today re
jected a revised budget calling for
an increase of J4, 000,000 to provide
salary advances for city employes,
but will continue efforts to find a
way out of financial difficulties.
The city hafl was picketed by strik
ing clerks and stenographers. The
police were called out to preserve
order after a stenographer who re
mained on duty was attacked. Th
sessions of the city council also were
guarded by policemen.
The council had given them a
per cent increase, but they decided
to strike for the full union scale of
Three hundred of the 1000 clerks
voted for the strike last night. They
receive $1500 a year and demand
GENERAL HARTS IS HOME
Officer May Answer Cliargcs of
Cruelty to Prisoners.
NEW YORK, March 30. Brigadier
General William W. Harts, who was
commander of American troops in th
Paris area afterthe armistice, arrived
from France today. He is expected
to answer charges of other army of
ficers that he was responsible for
cruelties to soldiers in prison camps.
While abroad he had charge of the
arrangements for President Wilson'
visit to Europe and was chief of staff
f the army of occupation.
QUEEN TO VISIT COAST
Marie of Roumania and Marshal
Joffre to See Arch Unveiled,
VANCOUVER. B. C March 30.
Queen Marie of Roumania, Marshall
offre of France and Madame Joffre
ave promised to be present at the
nveiling, September 20, of the "Peace
Arch" at Blaine, Wash., on the Cana
dian Dounaary. m nui, presiaeni
f the highway association announced
King Albert of the Belgians has
promised to send a representative, ac
cording to Mr. HilL
PERSHING TO SEE SHIP DIP
General and Staff Will Attend Ho,
WASHINGTON. March 30. General
Pershing and his staff will attend
the launching at Hog Island tomor
row of the army transport Chaumont,
the 97th ship turned out at the yard
with an aggregate of 766,000 tons
Miss Julia C. Stinson, head of ,the
rmy nurse corps overseas during the
ar. will christen the vessel.
INDORSEMENT IN . OREGON?
TKAY KNOW Of
A VEBSre.R AH
Statement Made by Star
Witness for Laundy.
CHAPLIN'S MEMORY FAILS
Vanderveer Takes Stand to
GRILLING GIVEN LAWYER
Possession of Book by Prosecution
Proves Surprise to I. W. W.
"Yes, sir, I had that honor," was the
reply of Ralph H. Chaplin, editor of
"Solidarity," official English organ of
the industrial workers of the world,
and author of "When the Leaves Come
Out," a book of poems published by
the I. W. W., when asked yesterday
if he had been convicted in Chicago
with William D. Haywood for con
spiracy to obstruct the draft.
Chaplin, who has a 20-year peniten
tiary sentence hanging over him, was
star witness for the defense yesterday
in the case of Joe Laundy, I. W. W.
organizer, who is on trial in the cir
cuit court under indictment for viola
tion of the criminal syndicalism act
On direct examination of Chaplin
the witness failed to recall with suf
ficient accuracy the contention of
counsel for the defense that a book
entitled "On the Firing Line," pub
lished by the I. W. W. in 1912, could
not now be secured, and was inter
rupted, impetuously, by George F.
vanderveer, the attorney who had
called him to the Etand.
Vanderver I Astonished.
'All right, I'll be sworn. Sit down.
ordered Vanderveer, holding up his
right hand in front of the clerk of
the court The attorney then took
the witness stand, testified that he
had made efforts in several cities to
secure copies of the booklet, that he
had been unsuccessful, and that to
the best of his recollection a chapter
in the book entitled "Violence"
eschewed the use of force In attain
ing aims of the organization.
"Do you remember, Mr. Vander
veer, on page 23 of that pamphlet.
On the Firing Line," the assertion,
The only effective weapon workers
have is militant direct action'?" de
manded Earl F. Bernard, deputy dis
trict attorney, getting his opposing
counsel on the grill for the first
time in cross-examination. Vander-
veer's expression showed distinct as
tonishment. The state had not dis
closed that it had a copy of the book.
'I don't remember reading that,'
I quote from other pages of that
pamphlet," continued Mr. Bernard.
The I. W. W. is without doubt the
most revolutionary body in the world
today.' Its members 4Pay allegiance
to no imaginary boundary lines and
claim no country except the world.'
The I. W. W. Is filled with the eplrlt
of direct action.' Do you remember
reading these lines in the pamphlet?"
I. W. W. Flavor Admitted.
"No, I don't remember those other
'Do you eay they are not there T"
'Well, they may be there. It sounds
like I. W. W. literature," confessed
That is all," and the cross-exami-
ation of Vanderveer was ended.
Chaplin spent an uncomfortable
half hour himself under the fire of
District Attorney Evans." deputy. He
had been asked concerning the cir
culation of a pamphlet written by
himself containing "The Deadly Par
allel," in which the anti-government
stand of the L W. W. was contrasted
with the patriotic pledge of the
American Federation of Labor in sup
port of the government.
Book's Circulation Denied.,
It was never circulated after this
country entered the war," he had
testified. "I, myself, saw to It that
copies on the press were held back
and not distributed."
"When did the United States de
Clare war?" asked Bernard of the
"April 6, 1917, I believe," responded
Bernard then read from the trans
cript of Haywood's testimony In Chi
cago in which the red leader said
that on April 12, 1917, he had ordered
a distribution . of "The Deadly
Parallel," "as wide as possible,"
through his I. W. W. agents.
"Was W. D. Haywood correct in
saying that?" demanded the prose
cutor. "He might have been."
"Did he so testify?"
"I don't know."
"Well, you were present when
did testify, were you not?"
"And you were convicted at
same time that Haywood was?"
"Yes, sir, I had that honor."
"You consider it an honor, do you?"
"What was the charge against
"I have never been able to figure
"Conspiring to obstruct the draft,
was it not?"
"One of the charges, yes, sir."
Chaplin had testified that in the
Massive Slabs, Weighing Several
Hundred Pounds, Thrown About
Amid Litter of Tomb Fixtures.
MERCED. CaL. March SO. Visitors
and attendants found monuments
toppled over, wooden head boards
pulled up and massive slabs covering
familiar plots torn from their founda
tions in six of Merced's graveyards
today and the police confessed they
were at a loss to account for the
widespread desecration. In some in
stances the head boards were trans
ferred from one cemetery to another,
but no attempt was made to fit them
Into other graves, all of them being
found driven into the ground at ran
Some monuments were moved to
strange plots and set carefully over
unfamiliar graves. Some Blabs weigh
ing as much as 1500 pounds each,
were found thrown about in the litter
of other tomb fixtures.
The authorities believe the desecra
tion to be the work of more than
one man, as many of the monuments
and slabs moved were too heavy for
one man to handle.
The Catholic cemetery was the only
one to escape, but that was visited
within the last few 1 days and the
brass bolts and facings from a family
vault were stolen.
The cemeteries visited last night
are the Druids, Jewish, Asphodel.
Oddfellows, Masons and Knights of
PRINCE JOHN IS ASHORE
Grand Trunk Steamer Reported
Not In Immediate Danger.
VANCOUVER, B. C, March 30 The
Grand Trunk Pacific passenger
steamer Prince John, which beached
In 27 feet of water at Dead Tree point
on the inside passage 'early today
after a collision with the steamer
Prince Albert, was lying on a candy
bottom tonight and was In no imme
diate danger, according to advices re
ceived here. The extent of the dam
age to the vessel was unknown.
The -salvage steamer Algarlne left
Victoria, B. C, tonight for Dead
Tree Point. No details of the cause
of the collision have yet been received
Advices from Prince Rupert, B. C,
tonight were to the effect that the
Prince John's passengers had been
landed by the Prince Albert at Prince
Ruprrt. The Prince Albert will be
put into drydock for repairs, which
will probably take a week to com
plete. It was said.
TONS OF GOLD ARRIVE
England Makes Huge Shipments to
LONDON, March 30. In addition to
the shipments of gold to New York on
board the steamer Lapland ( whl-h
arrived in New York Sunday), the
Carmania and the Mlnnekahda, which
sailed last Saturday for New York
carried 17 tons to New York.
The American liner Philadelphia
this week will take 12,000.000, accord
ing to the financial editor of the Lon
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature,
48 degrees; minimum, 31) derrees.
TODAY'S Rlt northwetrly winds.
France permits Germany to Invade Ruhr
district with stronf force, rage
Holl&nd'e refusal to surrender ex-kalser
la accepted br allies. Page 1.
Irish home rule bill bungle, rays Mr. As-
quith, la house of commons. I'age 4.
Admiral Itlayo at hearing scores lack of
foreign policy. Fage IV.
Turk must leave Europe, nays president in
note to allied powers. Fage 1.
Instruction In schools to undermine gov
ernment charged In congress. Page e.
Republicans favor women In politics while
democrats are still opposed to invasion.
Hoover would accept republican nomina
tion if Usues necessitate. Fage 1.
Relief measures under way In tornado-
swept areas. Fage 7.
Coal prices to be raised to meet miners'
wage Increases. Fage i.
Mary Pickford becomes bride of Douglas
Fairbanks. Fage 1.
Several graveyards In California dese
crated and much damage done. Page 1.
Harding for big army and navy as re
publican plank. Fage lu.
Now York assembly committee "convicts'
five socialists. Page 3.
Hones of suffrage leaders revived by
favorable action of Mississippi senate.
Washington land settlement law for ex-
soldiers upneia Dy supremo raun.
Service voters recognized by Washington
state republicans. Page 10.
Employers' right to unite upheld by Seat
tle judge. Fage 10.
Muff Bronson matched to box Joe Mandot
at Mllwaukle. Page 10.
Seven-month danger season opens for
Oregon trout. Fags 18.
Beavers best El Monte by ll-to-4 score.
Commercial and Marine.
Wool season opens with fine grades In
demand. Page 2S.
March corn sells at highest point of season
at Chicago. Page 26.
Stock trading restricted and price changes
narrow. Page zs.
Portland to be terminal of new coast-to-
coast sen-ice. Fage i i.
Portland and Vicinity.
Prankish weather visits Oregon. Psge 11.
Dynamite la found In outlaw's house.
Obstructing draft called aa honor by I.
W. W. witness, rage i.
Oregon democrats not likely to send un-
Instructed aeicgauon to convention.
City attorney says constitution forbids
Portland . to buy street car tracks.
Judge Otto Kraemer re-elected head of
humane society. Fage o.
Oswald West hesitates to fellow Hoover
Into republican ranks. Fage 4.
Ex-Portland soclrty leader is stnltnced as
Moslem in Constantino
ple Held Anomaly.
VIGOROUS NOTE SENT ALLIES
Views of U. S. Regarding
Ottoman Empire Stated.
RUSSIANS TO HAVE VOICE
American Interest In Plans for Set
tlement of Armenian and Older
Problems Made Clear.
WASHINGTON, March 30. Vigor
ous expression of President WlUon'g
opinion that the "often expreiwcd in
tention of the allies that the anomaly
of the Turks In Europe should crane"
should be curried out in framing the
Turkish treaty, characterized the
American rejoinder to the recent
allied note transmitting Information
as to the status of treaty negotia
tions. While the Mrength of arguments
for retention of the Turks In Con
stantinople was recognlxed, the note
said, the Amrrioan government be
lieves that "the arguments agalnnl It
are far stronger and contain certain
imperative elements which It would
not seem possible to Ignore."
The American rejoinder, the first
diplomatic paper to bear the signa
ture of Secretary Colby, was handed
to the French ambassador here March
24 for transmission to Premier Miller-
and and made public tonlaht by the
state department on advices that It
had been delivered.
I'. S. Vitally Intrre.ird.
President Wilson, It aaya, "does not
deem It advisable in the present clr
cumstances" that the l.'nlted Stair
should be represented at the confer
ences as suggested by the allied com
munication. He feels, however. It wai
added, that "aa this government Is
vitally interested In the future peace
of the world. It should frankly ex.
press Its views on the proposed solu
tion of the different questions con
nected with the TurklHh treaty."
Comment on some of the territorial
phases and upon the whole economic
programme of the proposals as to the
treaty was deferred pending more
complete Information as (o the object
sought. The note takes occasion to
say, however, "that It In the under
standing of the government of the
United States that whatever territo
rial changes or arranKemcns may be
mado In the former ottoman empire,
such changes or arrangements will In
no way place American citizens or
corporations, or the citizens or cor
porations of any other country In a
less favorable situation than the cit
izens or corporations of any power
party to this treaty."
Rosala to Have olre.
The American expression "notes
with pleasure that provision la mad
for Russian representation on the In
ternational council, which it is pro
posed shall be established for th
government of Constantinople and th
In this connection it adds:
"This government Is convinced that
no arrangement that Is now made
concerning the government and con
trol of Constantinople and the straits
can have any elements of permanency
unless the vital interests of Itushia
In those problems are carefully pro
vided for and protected, and unless it
Is understood that Hussla. when it ha
a government recognized by the civil
ized world, may assert its right to be
heard in regard to the trade decisions
American Views I'rrsrnlra.
The text of the American note re
lating to Turkey follows:
"I have the honor to acknowledge
receipt of your excellencies' note of
March 1! relative to the conferences
regarding the peace treaty with Tur
key and the present status of the ne
gotiations between the principal al
lied powers, and in reply to Inform
you that the president doe not deem
it advisable In the present circum
stances that the United States be rap
resented by a plenipotentiary at the
conference. The president feels, how
ever, that as this government Is Vital
ly interested In the future peace of
the world. It should frankly express
its views on the proposed solution
of the difficult questions connected
with the Turkish treaty.
"While it is true that the United
States of America was not at war
with Turkey, yet it was at war with
the principal allies of that country
and contributed to the defeat of thore
allies, therefore, to the defeat of the
Turkish government. For that rea
son, too, it is believed that It is the
duty of this government to make
known Its views and urge a solution
which will be both Just and lasting.
Turk la lOurope Anomaly.
The government of the United
States understands the strength of th
arguments for the retention of the
Turks at Constantinople, but believe
that the arguments against It are far
stronger and contain certain impera
tive elements which It would not seem
possible to Ignore. It was the often
expressed Intention of the allies that
the anomaly of the Turks in Europe
should cease, and it cannot b be
lieved that the feeling of the Moham
medan people, who not only witnessed
iQonciuded on 3, Column '!.)
ber has been destroyed.
iCeacluded on Fas 8, Column Ul
uioo- i age s.
lCac!uc os Tag 2. tolufli L)
'T'iw-r v ."'' '
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