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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 13, 1919)
THE MORNING OREGOXIAN, MONDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1919.
Jltormwi (Omrmttan EEtk
woman with the oldest name in the
it, nd there can be
on nor remedy.
FTlll.f HfT BY HKMtY l PITTOOK I
rub'iahfl hv Th- firrrtniiin ruM.hlns Co.. '
Sufh Jtrl. i'crt ami. (ir'inn I
C A- V.'Hf'KV. . E. B. PIPKR.
Mana.fr. " Kditor. j
Th fV'ionlin Is a mrmtfr of tha A ,
riatt Pr- The Aao--ated Pree le e- (
.ib mil n-.r iliii-ha rrviMlrd lo If thing
rr nit ollrwi' trained in Hits r-
THK IHl.tl. AiTKRMATH OF WAR.
V jre prone to assume when
violent industrial disturbance breaks
rut. that there has nover been any-
ike it ami to fear that or-
Pr. i srunizerl HArii'tv Is pninff In nipt
,::;,.'h,'f ulb;:"uoroi,X'!-uhr;:.":.!The fact is that some social conv.,1-
herrln r also reserved.
jsion follows every great war, famine
( i 'i i .o i iiiar Mini lu.i 11 1 i line.
luianslH; la i it ,ru f,mr tho itmnront nnthinlr.
tvaitr. sondav ..-..... one -.r 'n rapacious are inclined to
fi:i. sun-i in.iu.ied. fix mi-niBi. . . . -; aju time inai ine power or in gov-
lv. s-jniar inri'ided. tare mnntha.. - -
rAi i . Suo'ta im-luded, on month
Lai:. altnoul unlay. on ar ...
ri;ir. wlni.m I'un'lat. al mnth.
railv, atthnul Sun,la. one month
Uly. on var t "
funcla. on ar 2-."0
-irtcra and rrkl 3.:0
i By Carriers
ratfv. Sunda tn.-lnded. on yar $r no
Pai A. fumlajr im-iinled. thr months.
Iail. Suntlay Included, on mxiilli....
f'any, without Pundav. on yar 7
taliv. arirhout Sun. lay. tnree mnntha. . I.oa
Iai!v. without Sunday, one month..... .3
Haw Ranit sn1 poatorrtre money
ernment has been shaken, and that
now is the time to take what they
want and do as they please, by
strike, riot or Insurrection.
A period of strikes and riots fol
lowed the war with Napoleon, and
the disturbance was the greater be
cause it was a period of transition
from hand to machine labor. So it
hs been with later wars. The pres-
nt outburst of discontent Is more
violent and general because it fol-
. . - n.rini fhra on VOUT
lo.ai bank ."amps, rom or rurrnv anc jlows a more general war, because the
at wnr r;-. :iv po.toffir addra ,pianr of ,he armlps on industry
in mil. irtrmiun iuw,, .......
Paataav Kl 1- to
1 lo pai-s. - rnt
- '..i i Hn naata
lit uim 1 rant' iuimui'II ail t-Aouuui'i iuitu v.
. : to rica. their power, and because it Is con-
,vi t. Hrt pax a rnta:
rnia. " to "- r ' a.
F ,.r f n p"ta. t,.uhl ratra.
ltninrm off ire Vrrr Y Conk
lln. Brunmi. a l.ui.-l'nc. Nw York. Vrre
A Conkiin. i-icr butlilinar. Chicaao: r
r a; t'onklln, Fra r'rvaa bulldintr. I
tr,it. M -h. ao Kranctaa-o rprantaty.
R j' Bl.fwI-
PORTS AT MG EASCE.
The old scheme to remove the
port of Fortland to Astoria has been
dressed up anew with cmbelUsh-
ments. In -order to hasten the trans
fer, John L- Etheridge would have
I'ortland buy and improve the North
Hank railroad between the two cities.
Hvnt its energies to building: up
ih. rnmraprrt to Astoria, let the
Columbia river channel shoal up and
accept as its reward the degTee of
prosperity which might be reflected
from Astoria. In his opinion. Port
inA i a "so-called port, should
iisa. the river as it now evis-ts" with
out further attempt to improve this
God-given heritage"' and should sit
down to play "big brother" to As
toria and other "little brothers" by
distributing its patrimony among
That is the port of Columbia the
ory in all its naked beauty. Jt be
fins with the assumption that the
entire stretch of the Columbia river
between Portland and the sea, 112
miles long, is one port. Its ends
- Joined by the river. It then assumes
: that the natural place for a port is at
." the point of this channel nearest the
" ocean, not at the point farthest in
: land to which ocean-going ships can
- go. Starting with these assumptions,
: it asserts that the building of a port
: at Portland was a mistake, that the
" millions spent on improving -the
channel and in constructing docks
and other port facilities at I'ortland
- are sheer waste, that the river as
nature made it is Portland's "God
given heritage" and that the only
sensible, business-like, morar and
Godfearing thing to do Is to load the
ocean commerce of Portland on
scows and tow it down to Astoria. ,
It matters not that this theory Is
contrary to all human experience, to
the history of all ports which have
grown up on navigable rivers and to
the economic principles which ex
' plain that growth. If it had been
true. New Orleans would have been
at Port Eads. London somewhere
; near Gravesend, Glasgow at Green
. ock. Hamburg at Cuxhaven, Ant
: werp at Hushing and so on. With
strange perversity ships pushed as
'far up navigable streams as they
could go. and the ports removed ob
stacles such as sandbars and mud-
banks. The greatest seamen of their
: time were the Norsemen, and the
first thing they did after taking Lon
don was to embank one of the
streams into which the Thames di
' vided on entering its swampy estu
ary, in order to form a safe channel
for their ships. That channel, much
' widened and deepened, is in use to
; this day. But all the people who for
1 ages have opened river channels and
"opened ports on them as far inland
- as practicable were benighted fools.
In the opinion of the Astoria ns and
their auxiliaries in other cities, and
It has been reserved for the wise
men of the Clatsop metropolis to dis
cover the true principles on which
ports should be founded.
Probably the worst obstacle to the
development of Portland has been
the presence in the city of a class
of men who labored to load the com
merce of the port on scows or rail
road cars and haul it to some other
port- Railroad men have done so
with the aid of some local men by
their device of parity in rates be
tween Portland and other ports
where conditions are glaringly un
equal. The Interstate Commerce
commission has co-operated by es
tablishing parity of rates with As
toria, though this requires a free
gift of 100 miles of transportation
to that city. Portland is now calmly
Informed that it should buy a rail
road and doubletrack it for use in
hauling its ocean commerce, bag and
baggage, to Astoria.
A natural consequence of Port-1
land's position as the financial cen
ter of the Pacific Northwest is that
many of its successful men acquire
property and business interests in
other cities and towns in this region,
-but that is no reason why they
should strive to take away part of
that which belongs to Portland and
hand it over to some other city
"which they wish to develop. Many
such men are thoroughly loyal to
Portland without regard to their out
side interests, but some regard this
port as a sort of gift enterprise, and
they have been emboldened by the
Inexhaustible patience or apathy of
the people of Portland.
Portland asks no odds of any com
petitor, but it will" give none. It is
now striving to be placed on an
equality with other ports by having
the full benefit of its natural ad
vantages in adjustment of railroad
rates. It asks no aid from them in
overcoming its disadvantages, but U
ready to overcome them by its own
effort and at its own cost. It seeks
to oepnve no oir.er port or its ad
vantages. Dut it win not neip them at
Its own expense to escape their dis
advantages. If under these condi
tions, they can win any business
from Portland it fair competition,
that is their rirrnt and none will
grudge it to them. But they will not
win anything by putting forward
such an absurdity as the port of Co
'Istantly fed by emissaries and money
from Itussia. The greedy and nn-
ruj tniriK ji is a line lime iu utr-ii
They need firm resistance and
cold shower of. plain truth to cure
their hysteria. Suppression of the
lk) st on police strike was a salutary
lesson. Opposition to the British
railroad strike, which forced the
workmen to seek a compromise, was
another.- Refusal to yield to the
steer strikers and strict maintenance
of order are third. They should
knock out of the people's minds
whatever of disorder or revolution
there is In their motives. There
should then be no hesitation to grant
whatever is reasonable in the de
mands of labor. Employers are not
all angels of light by any means, and
some of them need to be brought to
reason as much as do the radicals on
the other side of the case.
THK MENACE OF MILITARISM.
One of the many paradoxes of the
time is that pacifism leads to more
Intense militarism than the votaries
of that gentle creed ever dreamed.
That statement is verified by a bill
which Secretary of War Baker sub
mitted to the senate for reorganiza
tion of the array. Senator Chamber
Iain has analyzed it and stamps it as
an example of militarism gone
The senator says that tho purpose
of the bill Is to make an "all power
ful general staff -corps" exercising
power nominally vested in the presi
dent but actually in the chief of
staff. This power would be:
To do whatver each succaaive chief
of ataff may from time to time doalr to
do with refrard to the dutlea, powers,
functions, record, property, ami perron-na-1
of all military bureaua and offices
of 'the war department: alao with rcpard
to almoat the entire oricantzatinn of and
all the funds available for the mipport of.
regular army comltojied of more than
AtMVHH enllKted men and many thousands
of officers. All previous legislation by con
gress, with respect to the "duties, powers
and functions" of officers of the various
staff corps and department. and of the
line of the army la to be repealed ex
pressly or by Implication. Nearly all of
the control heretofore exercised by con
gress over the army is to be transferred.
theoretically, to the president, but prac-
lly to the chief of staff. However.
congress is stili to be permitted to foot
He says truly that this bill "spells
one-man dominance, staff despotism
and militarism to a degree unsur
passed in the palmiest days of the
great general staff of the German
That this drift toward militarism
should characterize an originally
pacifist administration is not surpris
ing. It is the logical consequence.
The United States and Great Britain
were the two most determined ad
herents of the voluntary system, and
they were the most unprepared for
war. Necessity drove them to con
scription, and unpreparedness of
civilian officials to manage a great
army drove them to rely on trained
soldiers. The natural disposition after
the war is that civilians continue this
reliance and that soldiers seek to
hold their new power. Thus militar-i.-m
is the natural fruit of pacifism.
This situation arises from the mis
conception of what is militarism,
which has been cultivated, by pac
ifists. It consists in supremacy of
the military over the civil arm of the
pnvcrnmt-nt and in maintenance of
j a great army trained, designed and
educated for aggression, not for de
fense. If the I'nited States had
maintained an army adequate for de
fense witti sufficient trained civilian
reserve and subject to civil control,
we should have had enough trained
civilian officials for its administra
tion In war and we might not have
needed to resort to the draft. Blind
acceptance of guidance from military
men would not then have been nec
essary, and the dangers of actual
militarism would not have threat
so and there is a probability that
the clock in the postoffice would not
aeree with that at the city hall. Rail
roads probably would retain the old
time, for the sake of the many other
communities through which they
pass which had not conformed to
the new order.
Yet we are prone to exaggerate
the difficulties, even of a two-time
system. It makes very little differ
once to most citizens what time it Is
by the postoffice clock, comparative
ly few of them go into court, a very
small percentage ever visit the city
hall, and the many who travel can,
with a little practice, learn to make
allowance for the difference. People
who lived at division points when
the zone system of railroad time
keeping was first adopted will re
member how It was. In numerous
cities there were "railroad" time" and
"town time," with no particular fuss
being made over the difference be
The question therefore is wholly
cne of expediency. Those .who think
the advantages of daylight saving
outweigh the trouble Involved In ob
taining it by local ordinance will in
dorse the new movement. The fact
is that the plan was tried recently in
Canada, with apparently satisfac
tory results. But the greatest value
of local action; perhaps, lies in its
demonstration of the solidity of com
muniiy sentiment, which congress
seems to have underestimated. If a
plebiscite of the entire country were
feasible it is a safe prediction that
it would show an overwhelming ma
jority In favor of saving daylight. It
is also safe to say that the issue will
be taken before congress again. The
plan for independent community ac
tivity may, indeed, be part of the
A local clergyman yesterday used
goods and woman's love of dry goods
have wrought the havoc of the
liome." Part of that Is true, but Is
no more. As to the other part, the
TWO KINDS OF TIME.
An interesting discussion has been
precipitated by the efforts of leading
business men of New York to ac
complish for their own city by mu
nicipal ordinance that which was
gained for the whole country when
congress passed the original daylight
saving law. There Is in New York,
the most urban of all cities, no divi
sion of opjnion, of course, as to the
desirability of the law. The feeling
is general that congress made a
serious error in repealing it. The
manifest advantages, both economic
and social, of adding an hour to the
day by taking up the slack of the
early part of it are conceded by
practically everyone. The debate,
therefore, revolves around the ques
tion whether a single community can
afford to act by itself, whether in so
doing it will not cause 'confusion that
will outweigh the other benefits, and
whether the respect will be paid to
a mere local ordinance that would
be accorded to a federal statute.
On this point eminent authorities
are not agreed. The New York
Times, summarizing the situation,
notes that Senator Calder, who has
been an undoubted friend of day
light saving, holds that local action
involves more difficulties and annoy
ances than it is worth. But there is
another group of influential New
Yorkers who believe that the annoy
ances would amount to nothing ror
at least would be a small price to
pay for the numerous pleasures ob
tained. The city, of course. Is .well
within its.rijfhts in regulating the
setting of its official clocks. The
local courts might open and close by
statutory time, bpt 1t Is a question
whether they could construe con
tracts according to the time as
amended by city ordinance. Federal
banks might obseTve one time and
state banks anothei although it
does not follow that they would do
IF rcc-LE SAM STAYS OIT.
Having been ratified by Great
Britain and Italy and being sure of
ratification by France before this
week ends, the treaty with Germany
is about to become effective without
the participation of the United
States. Greatly as the allies have
desird that this -country should be
party to the settlement, freedom
from American participation has
certain decided advantages for them
They can proceed to organize the
eague of nations, to secure the ad
hesion of smaller nations, and to use
it for enforcement of the terms on
They can put "the Shantung clause
n effect and, if Japan should ratify.
they may raise no further question
about returning it to China, for the
pledge to do so was demanded and
given to President Wilson. With
the United States out of the way,
they can fall back on their secret
treaties, which give it to Japan
without suggestion of return to
China. It will then be an open
question whose is "the crime of
They can organize the reparation
commission without an American
member and proceed to collect their
bills from Germajiy. The United
States has a little bill of about $750,-
000,000, which is not much as things
go now, but is something In these
days ot high cost of living, for na
tions as well as for men.
They can adopt, a more decided
policy In driving Von der Goltz'3
German army from Russia, and in
helping the Poles, Denikin and Kol
chak to fight bolshevism, for Mr.
Wilson has held them back.
As the Austrian treaty also in
cludes the league covenant, the sen
ate may be expected to reject it also,
if it should reject the Gorman treaty.
France and Britain would then be
free to construe their secret treaty
with Italy to suit themselves. They
might soon brush aside the Flume
difficulty by giving the port to Italy
f.nd telling the Jugo-Slavs they
should be glad they are alive. They
'could treat Dalmatia in the same
way and also give Albania and the
Dodecanese islands, which are pure
Greek, to Italy."
The United States was not at war
with Bulgaria, therefore is not prop
erly a party to the treaty with that
country, but to meet the objections
of President Wilson it is proposed to
give that country an outlet to the
Aegean sea. If left to themselves,
the allies may give Greece the whole
ot Thrace with a few hundred thous
and Bulgars on whom they may
avenge the massacre of Greeks in
Macedonia. That would not tend to
prevent future Balkan wars, one of
which ;ed to the United Suites get
ting into this war. But what do we
care about the Balkans?
The United States did not declare
wir on Turkey, therefore is- not
necessarily a party to the settlement
of that country. If we reject the
German treaty, the allies may infer
that we wash our hands of Turkish
affairs also. They may then proceed
to carve up the Turkish empire to
uit themselves and to pass mandates
around at their pleasure.
Because we have objected to the
German treaty lest it at some point
infringe on our rights and in disap
pointment that it does not absolutely
in all respects square with our lofty
ideals, the outcome may be such
flagrant violations of those ideals
that the treaties made without our
aid may contain material for any
number or wars. Being on the out
side, we shall have no opportunity to
move for repair of wrongs, such as
we should have if a member of the
league. But those wars would be
just as dangerous to us ultimately as
that miserable little affair between
Austria and Serbia proved to be.
The United States may not be in
an exactly comfortable position if it
goes into the league, but it may be
in a much worse position if It stays
as he did before the commission now
seeking to determine who is entitled
to the money reward for inventing
the tank. Sir Albert Stern had writ
tea for an English magazine an ac
count .of the tank which is especially
interesting because it shows that as
it finally-went into action it . was a
far different piece of machinery
from that which was originally con
ceived. According to Sir Albert, there
was broached at a dinner in London
in 1914 the idea of constructing an
enormous landship, which should be
capable of crossing the Rhine. Win
ston Churchill himself was interested
in the suggestion. The navy scoffed
at it with, it now seems, good rea
son but the plan of a "super-arm.-ored
car" took hold on the fancy of a
small group of war leaders. A land
ship commission was appointed; no
government department would give
It a home, so Sir Albert, who was
then a lieutenant in the navy, took
offices for it on his own account and
thereby earned the enmity of the
high officials of the admiralty; Eus
tace d'Eyncourt was chairman of the
committee, with Jhajor Hetherington
and Colonel Crompton as his chief
aides; and by August, 1915, a full-
si zed model of a tank was produced.
This ' afterward became known as
Now Major-General ' Swinton is
claiming credit for "adoption of the
caterpillar idea, but it is certain that
he was not the inventor of the cater
pillar. American farmers had seen
this principle in action on their farms
some years prior to October, 1914,
the date given by General Swinton.
It is also interesting to learn that
the caterpillar was rejected at least
once after it was first adopted. Sir
Albert in his article says that even
after the tanks had appeared in ac
tion (and it is now admitted that they
had spread consternation among the
Germans) the British war office was
by no means favorably inclined
toward them. An order for a thou
sand tanks was countermanded. Sir
Albert made a direct appeal to Lloyd
George, then secretary of state for
war. Sir William Robertson, chief
of staff, appearing on the scene at
a psychological moment, was di
rected by Lloyd George to restore the
order. But it seems to be a satisfy
ing sequel that tanks were In action
within seven months after the first
order for them had been given, and
that they ultimately played a highly
Important part in the winning of the
The inquiry, although it Is chiefly
directed toward ascertaining whb de
serves credit for the tanks, is inci
dentally of interest because it Is dis
closing the, names of a considerable
number of high officials who did all
they could to prevent adoption of the
idea. Like those who led in ridi
culing Professor Langley a few years
ago for his experiments with heav-
ier-than-air flying machines, these
men have had a lesson in modesty
which ought to serve them well. But
the pity is that they will no sooner
have learned it than a new crop
of bourbons will arise to take their
OBLIGATIONS ARB IX COVENANT
Those Who Come and Go.
"It isn't every man who is priv-
League C Only Propose Measures ,
Other Than Those Specified. j
PORTI.AXn net 12 fTn the Edl- I
tor.) In an editorial The Oregonian ileged to read his own obituary no
says, under the caption "Senator tices," asserts Otis Patterson. Canyon
Johnson s Case," "The league council , city attorney, tow at the Imperial
?lly r4e1mmen1d, 'advise,' 'pro- for a few . , u t Port)ana. Mr.
pose, that the members take certain I ,
action. ... The league is to be I Patterson is a former newspaperman,
an association of equals, each of ! publisher of the Heppner Gazette back
which will be free to follow or to in the later '80s, who says that he re-
reject in whole or part the advice,
recommendations or proposals. . . .
That is not turning over our affairs."
The inquiry naturally arises, what
is the necessity for an advisory
league when we have a congress of
over 400 members in all, and a presi
dent with his cabinet of advisers, to
gether with a high-priced diplomat
in every governmental court in the
world whose supposed business it is
to give information' and advice? All
are maintained at great expense to
do our advisory business and to act
as- well. Why maintain a league at
a great expense, simply to give ad
vice, something that everybody is
free to give, but nobody takes?
W. H. ODELL.
The sentences quoted frqm The
Oreeonian referred only to advice,
proposals or recommendations made
to members of the league as to steps
apart Trom thos? which the members
definitely agree to take, in certain
contingencies when they accede . to
the covenant. To illustrate: The
league Is a permanent arbitration
and conciliation court or board. The
nations that join the league pledge
themselves to submit either to inde
pendent arbitration or to the league
council any dispute between them
that is likely to lead to rupture. The
members further pledge themselves
to carry out in good faith any award
so made. If any member of the
league resorts to war In disregard
of these covenants It Is subjected by
the terms of the covenant to inter
national boycotl by all the other
members of the league. This boycott
is automatic it requires' no inquiry,
recommendation or report by council
or assembly. But as to subsequent
participation with armed forces in
war against the covenant-breaking
nation the council can only "recom
mend." The need for the league
arises from the fact that controver
sies arise which cannot be settled by
the diplomacy which the correspond
ent has in mind.
In providing a fund from which
loans may be made to students at
the polytechnic. S. Benson said:
few dollars may make all the dif
ference to a student." That is straight
and true talk. Lots of men can look
back and attest it.
It is not possible to get up the same
excitement when Yukon river steam
ers are frozen in as it was 22 years
ago, for then there were many ten-
derfeet and correspondents to send
out the story. Now the passengers
are all old mush ers.
That California locomotive engi
r.eer may not have much reverence
for royalty as such, but it is safe to
say that he will be proud to tell his
children's children of the day when
he had a real king as passenger in
A Yale professor with at scheme
for a "calorie" currency says that a
dollar is now worth only 35 cents.
Why. "only"? We are surprised to
learn that it is worth as much as
This is a deferred holiday If you
are an officeholder or work in a
bank, account C. Columbus, who
initiated a big real estate business
more than four hundred years ago
King Albert, Queen Elizabeth and
the crown prince have good cause to
enjoy a vacation. It is their first in
five years of working and fighting,
which whet the appetite for play.
If the I. W. W. make good their
threat to fill the Spokane jails, there
ought to be plenty of cold ware
houses there to accommodate the
overflow and chill its ardor.
Striking Anaconda metal workers
have flipped their business agents to
one side and are going back to work.
A minimum temperature under 40
possibly helped some.
THE ORIGIN OK THK TANKS.
Winston Spencer Churchill, testl-
fying before a royal commission that
it Is impossible to say that this
or that man invented the tank,"
voiced a difficulty not at all uncom
mon in the history of invention. Who
deserves' credit for the airship? Was
It the Wright brothers alone, who
made the first successful flight in a
machine of the general type now In
use, or shall we not give a share of
the credit to Professor Langley,
whose study of the flight of birds
helped the Wrights in their work, or
shall we turn 'further back to the
pge which records the efforts of
the Monk Elmerus, who is said to
have flown a'furlong ,in the 13th
century? Was Watt' alone the In
ventor of the steam engine and
Stephenson of the locomotive? Would
the automobile have been possible
without the internal combustion en
gine, which was accomplished in
many steps? The tank, combining
many principles, was similarly the
work of many minds.
But before Mr. Churchill testified
The nerviest men in the world are
going up in the air on airplanes.
The millions who have lost their
nerve are also going up in the air,
but in another way. -
Hoarding and profiteering will be
crimes against federal law as soon as
the president signs the act. Catching
offenders will be federal acts, too,
which means hope.
. Canada's Elegtbllity to Council.
MILWAUKIE, Or., Oct. 11. (To the
Editor.) (1) Senator Johnson, during
his address, read a letter addressed
to the Canadian parliament and signed
by Wilson, Lloyd George and Clemen-
ceau. wherein it was agreed, as
understand it, that Canada should
have a separate vote in the council
of the league of nations, thus ranking
with the major powers. Is this true
and if so, on what grounds is it justi
(2) Where can I secure a copy of
the covenant of the league of nations?
W. E. STONE.
1. The lettei. quoted by
The question having been raised as to
the meaning of article IV of tho league
of nations covenant, w have been
auested by Sir Robert Borden to state
whether we concur in his view, that upon
tho true construction of the first and
second paragraphs of the article repre-
sentatlves of the self-governing dominions
of the British empire may be selected or
named as members of the council, we
have no hesitation In expressing our entire
concurrence in this view. If there were
any doubt it would be entirely removed
by the fact that the articles are not sub
ject to a narrow or technical construction.
It will be observed that this letter
gives no assurance that Canada will
be elected a member of the council,
but merely affirms that country's
eligibility. To be elected a member
of the council requires the concur
rence of every member of the assem
bly. If the United States deemed It
prejudicial to its interests to have
Canada a member of the council it
could veto Canada's election even In
the face of the united votes of all the
other members of the assembly.
2. By sending 5 cents to the Ameri
can Association for International Con
ciliation, 407 West One Hundred and
Seventeenth street. New York, and
asking for Its document No. 142 you
can obtain a complete copy of treaty
of peace with Germany embracing the
covenant of the league of nations.
More Truth Than Poetry.
By Jamea J. Montague.
Now and then a Valley farmer
sells to an easterner and moves up
Vale way. He wants his water when
he needs it most and knows where
For prompt action on the treaty
and economy of wind, the example
of the French senate is commended
to the United States senate. '
- Seems to be a cold day when the
Humane society is not cause of a
dispute. This time the city has its
eye on a share of the profits.
Mr. Devers, who knows coffee,
laughs at the idea of a famine in it
on the coast. That settles that vexation.
We do not hold with kings as such;
In fact, we flippantly have stated
That't we'd not worry very much -
If they were all exterminated.
The kings of whom we used to read
In history a romantic page
Great kings, in thought and word and
Belong to dim and distant age.
But here's a king who, when his
Was toppled by a royal neighbor,"
Without a murmur or a moan.
Exchanged his scepter for a saber;
Who, with sturdy courage that
No grief or hardship could diminish.
Put on a trooper's iron hat
And fought the struggle to a finish.
He shared his humblest soldier's lot;
He battled like a great 'crusader;
Mid stress and storm 'mid shell and
He met the might of the invader.
He cheered his people on to fight.
When hope of victory seemed denied
And, when despair loomed black as
Their ruler faced it there beside
We do not hold with kings as such;
We Yankees are not keen about thera;
It would not pain us very much
If. all the world should do without
But here's a king more nobly bred,
A king new-crowned with ehining
The kind of king of whom we read
Long years ago in fairy stories!
formed when he took up the study of
Blackstone. At any rate, when
Charles R. Patterson of Portland was
killed in the unfortunate automobile
tragedy during President Wilson's re
cent visit, someone jumped to the
conclusion that the fatality must have
occurred to a newspaper writer, inas
much as the fated car was reserved
for the press, and the original tele
graph stories all announced the un
timely death of Otis Patterson of Can
yon City. From east to west the
dailies carried accounts of Otis Pat
terson's demise. His friends and
relatives sent messages of condolence
to his wife. At Walla Walla, where
he once resided, local papers prepared
a flowing and flowery obituary. Then
the correction flashed over the wires.
Mr. Patterson cherishes the clippings,
a bunch of them, that announced his
Tulsa. Oklahoma, finds an ardent
champion in one of its leading citi
zens. M. Chamberlain, who is stopping
at the Multnomah hotel diying a brief
business visit to Oregon. "Tulsa is a
city of 13 years' growth," said Mr.
Chamberlain, his ailance brightening
with the topic. "It already has a
population of 80,000. One of its banks,
a six-year-old, has deposits of $30.
000,000. Income taxes are paid by
12.000 Tulsa citizens, and one of our
business men pays an income tax of
1. 000,000. We blush to admit that,
as an evidence of our prosperity, we
have 200 millionaires. Oklahoma's oil
producing area covers about 400
square miles. The future production
of oil will be enormous, inasmuch as
vast quantities have only been
"That's my brother!" exclaimed Miss
Helen Cowgill of Oregon Agricultural
college as the Seward bus bore her
hotelward yesterday morning. None
of the other passengers seemed inter
ested, the chauffeur drove straight
ahead, and the young man in the
passing auto did not glance her way
to confirm the claim. But it was.
William C. Cowgirl Jr., who has been
in Alaska for some months as a civil
engineer of the government's railroad
project, had "come out" for a respite
from the Alaskan winter. Miss Cow
gill, head of the department of home
economics at O. A. C, returned to
Corvallis yesterday, having attended
educational institutes at Wasco and
Among the many Pacific coast log
gers who attended the congress of
their craft in Portland, adjourning
Saturday, was E. B. Chinn of Seattle,
manager and secretary of the Puget
Sound Loggers' Information associa
tion. Mr. Chinn figured prominently
in the recent congressional Inquiry re
gardig spruce production, testifying
as to tenders made by private opera
tors to aid the government in filling
its requirements for airplane stock.
Mr. Chinn wears a light gray suit by
preference, a pleasant smile by birth
right, and is familiarly known from
Clallam bay to the redwoods as "Ed"
Chinn of Seattle.
H. P. Hoey, who. as chief engineer,
built the railroad from Weed. Cal to
Klamath Falls, . Or.,, and who is now
working on a highway contract in the
Klamath district, is registered at the
Multnomah hotel. Mr. Hoey owns a
ranch in upper Klamath county, a
profitable quarter-section which bears
the repute of being one or uregon s
handsomest summer homes. When the
line from Weed was projected the
auto was not so plentiful as now, and
Mr. Hoey made several trips over the
route as escort to the late E. H. Har-
riman, noted railroad magnate, trav
eling by team and buggy.
Vice-president Marshall is coming
to the conclusion that his Job
amounts to something after all.
What! No more picketing by the
ladies' picketers No. 1! Mean old
What are scone of us going to do
when the supply of army food Is
Where's that football?
' Whisky's Place la in the Home.
Congress Decides That Liquor Can
Be Drunk, in the Home Without Vio
lating Law. Headline.
Therea' a Reason.
There -were fewer deaehs from old
age in New York last year. i The
chauffeurs attended to that.
Meaning a Clinging Vine Or a Sweet
"Don't be a vegetable wife." A
(Copyright, 1918, by Bell Syndicate. Inc.)
A REVISED SOXC.
Everybody lies but Johnson,
He talks around all day
Thinks he's a man of iron
But is only common clay.
Wilson, Taft and Lowell
The truth they never tell.
Everybody lies but Johnson j
They do like h - - 1. !
W, P. Conser, White Salmon, Wash.
What we saw in Bend was well
worth the trip," comprised the sym
posium of opinion among delegates to
the Pacific Logging congress, when
they returned to the Hotel Multnomah
yesterday morning, after having spent
the closing day of their assembly in
an investigation of modern . logging
methods In the vicinity ol iiena. xne
several hundred delegates scattered to
their various homes on every train
that left Portland yesterday, to every
Pacific coast state and to British
H. A. Freeman of Central Point
once a thriving city on its own ac
count, but now somewhat suburban to
Medford, capital of the Bogue river
valley, is among recent registrants at
Mrs. J. L. Wright' and daughter
Mary came down from Bellingham,
Wash., and are spending several days
with Mr. Wright, who is making the
Multnomah his home while in Port
land on business.
Lester Wade, one of the younger
stockmen of Pendleton, whose ven-
ures are fully as successful as those
of the old school, is at the Hotel Im
perial for a several days' stay in
Rupert V. Hauser, who served in
France as captain in the 88th infan
try division, is at present the guest
of his father, Eric V. Hauser, host of
the Multnomah hotel.
J. W. Maloney, president of the
newly organized bank at Pendleton,
is at the Seward for a few "days' busi
ness visitto Portland.
Mr. and Mrs. C. Davis, and Mrs. M.
H. Phillips, are La Grande residents
now registered at the Benson.
Lucetta A. Smith, M. D:, of Rose
burg, is registered at the Portland
during a brief visit to Portland.
L. M. Curl, who has a job as mayor
at Albany, is at the Seward during a
business visit to Portland.
J. H. Hazlett. former state repre
sentative from Hood River, registered
at the Seward yesterday.
Mr. and Mrs. C. H. McCoy, prominent
Spokane people, are recent arrivals at
Mrs. Alice E. Gaily of Enterprise
is among recent.arrivals at the Imperial.
HOW LEAGIE PACT IS ENFORCED J
CoTenant-Brenker Subjected to Trade I
and Financial Osfraolam. j
PORTLAND. Oct. 12. (To the Edi
tor.) In The Oregonian's editorial of
Thursday it is said:
By the covenant, affair are not 'turned
over" to the league. If they were the
league would have power to render deri
sions and to Btve. orders and would he
what opponents erroneously say it would
be a superstute.
Now. if we who oppose the tretity
have the li'iht to he ties rd. I would
like to ask: Whit is the loapue. a
huge joke? Has it any power to
bind? Is tnere any enforcing section,
or is it merely a' loose-jointed, make
believe that permits hair-splittin s;
diplomats to-purcel countries to them
selves without regard to human
The Oresonian says. the league
"will have no power to render. le
clsions or give orders." President
Wilson says, "It will forever prevent
war." Is it possible that a covenant
without power to render decisions can
Intimidate invading armies?
Your editorial says: "There In
nothing in the covenant to justify the
description of the council or the as
sembly as 'a secret conference.
I bee to dissent. Your editorial dis
proves the statement. It says, "the
council MAY for'hwith direct the pub
licatim thereof " And it says. "If the
dispute is not setled the counci
SH ATjIv maKe an-1 publish a report.'
Therefore, the meetings are not to
be open. Tho proceedings are not to
be in daviicht. No one can Know
v.hat is KoinJT on behind the Darren
and guarded dcors. Even the press
will be denied admittance to the ses
sions and thus the people of the earth
ill find themselves in utter dark
ness while nine men, in a back room,
tehind locks and keys, will parcel out
the earth, Just as Oetavius Ceasar,
Marc Antonv and Lepidus divided the
"lhree-fold world" after the fall of
ROBERT G. DUNCAN.
The correspondent will continue to
have difficulty in understanding com
ment on the covenant until he studies
the document itself.
The members of the !e;igue enter
intj a solemn covenant to arbitrat-2
any disrute between them which they
cannot settle by diplomacy. Th's
covenant may be kept by referring the
dispute to arbitrators of the disput
ants' own choosing, or to the league
council. The enforcing provisions
provide that any covenant-breaking
state shall be subjected to trade and
fii ar-cial ostracism, and each member
Is pledged to support each olher in
financial and economic ricasures
thereupon undertaken and to afford
pass-age through its territory to tho
forces of the members who are co
operating to protect the covenants'of
the league. The council . can only
"recommend"' to the several members
what military, naval or tlr forces
they shall contribute.
The Oregonian has not said that the
council "may" forthwith oircct the
publication of a report cf l:s con
clusions, but that "any member of the
council may" make a report of its
own conclusions in other words, sub
mit a minority repcrt. It is manda
tory upoa the council to publish
ununimotis and majority reports.
There is nowhere :n the covenant a
Mnirvmrnt. direct or implied, that
Its deliberations shall or shall not be
With a Kick in It.
By L,. L. D.
C'nlnmbna and Company,
Sure, I'm strong for Columbus, the
lad from Genoa,
And the stunt that he pulled In
And I'll cheer with the crowd for the
man who could show a
Whole world that he wasn't entire
But I'm telling you. Kill, one thing
The job was too big for one man
They're forgetting one gang that was
in on the betting
Meaning the privates of Christo
They rattled the shrouds when the
whitecaps were scudding;
They sweltered between decks or
fried in the sun:
They swallowed the- slum wlrile old
Chris ate the pudding.
And down in the hold, bill, they
hadn't much fun;
The histories tell us they hollered and
To quit; but I'll tell you, when all's
said and done.
Ten days on a transport's enough for
It was darn near three months on
There wasn't much glory to keep 'em
But, barring a mutinous bellow or
They stuck to their jobs when the
tempest was blowing;
They kicked and they bucked, but
they saw the thing through. j
Ju u niiuuiii nni ? vu just, wnai
was the reason
The nebulous dreams of Columbus
Just tell 'em the privates, the gar
The hard-boiled buck privates of
rqaalhly It Was, l-'llen.
"How did Columbus make the egg
stand on its end for all those people
at the banquet?'
"I5y breaking the shell at one end.
dear, so it would stand alone."
"Was that why he had to leave
Spain and come to America, mother?''
MRS. PAN" K HURST OBJECTION ABLE
Threat by Collection Agency.
PORTLAND, Oct 12. (To the Edi
tor.) Please state how far a collec
tion agency can go in annoying a man
who owes money and cannot pay.
I am nearly 75 years old and can
not earn enough to support my wife
and myself. I have no money and no
property. Unfortunstely for me 1
owe a balance on a note given some
years ago and this collection agency
has taken it for collection. They
often write me threatening letters
and say they will have me arrested
and taken before the judge. I had an
idea that it was not lawful to use
the United States mail for this pur
pose, but may be mistaken. Will you
please state if I am right?
A collection agency has the same
right to demand payment of and sue
for a debt as any other person, but
has no right to threaten a debtor
with arrest. If the agency persists
in Its tactics take the matter up with
the district attorney.
Chehalia Woman Proteata Impending
Visit of Militant Suffragette.
CHEHALIS, Wash., Oct. 11. (To the
Editor.) The impending visit of Mrs.
Emily Pankhurst to the Pacific north
west calls for attention on the part
of our imamigration authorities. This
woman has -a formidable record In
England for violence, sabotage, direct
action, destruction of property and
attempted murder. Her presence in
this country cannot be otherwise than
destructive of peace, order and pub
lic security. She has herself prac
ticed violence and encouraged others
to do so, including American girls,
such as Alice Paul. Lucy Burns, Eliza
beth Freeman and Miss Perry. It is
plain as day that she has actually
practiced in England the direct ac
tion methods advocated by our own
criminal syndicalists and I. W. W.
In these troubled times why should
our immiirration authorities allow
this woman to enter the country?
Why do they not take steps to have
her deriorted? .Does a recora line
hers deserve honor and public recog
nition in these critical days? By
granting immunity to her do we not
encourage our own radicals to every
act of violence? You may be sure
our own terrorists are perfectly
familiar with what Mrs. Pankhurst
has done and regard her as a good
example to pattern after. I give a
list of some of the unlawful and de
structive deeds in her career:
Smashing hundreds of windows in
stores, offices and public buildings;
intruding herself upon and insulting
cabinet ministers,in public places con
trary to police rules and every con
sideration of good taste and decency;
causing disorder and riots at peaceful
public assemblages; inciting striking
dock workers to riot and violence:
chaining herself and others to the
grillwork in the gallery of the house
of commons and creating a disturb
ance there before she could be re-
oved by the police; going on hun
ger striKes wnne in priauu anu in
fluencing others to do so, contrary
to prison rules and discipline; pour
ing acid into mail boxes and destroy
ing contents; invading art galleries
and wantonly destroying priceless
paintings; throwing a hatchet at a
member or parliament witn presum
able intent to kill.
The property loss caused by this
one woman alone will probably run
into hundreds of thousands of dol
lars. Is that the sort of alien to be
tolerated in this country delivering
lectures and addresses that feed the
spirit of discontent and rebellion? Do
we want to encourage our raaicais io
imitate her? If not, she should be
Immediately sent back by our immi
gration officials to Canada or Eng
land. MRS. JOHN CARMICHAEL.
No Trouble Finding the Bullet.
(Spokesman -Re view.)
Lindale was wounded November 3
in the Argonne just before (he
These are queer times. Murphy;
Spades, that once were spades.
Now, affected by the times.
Go and change their shades:
Shipwrights have their limousines
Paraded in brigades.
And, to make the turn complete.
Kings are learning trade.
a a a
The Reenter Service.
Americans generally are grateful
to Columbus for discovering America.
The bank clerks are strong for him
because he gives them a holiday.
a a a
Deans Ire Roused by llnlr-Soeks
Maidens, do not hare your knees
To the cold October breeze:
Your unwisdom you will rue
With the coming of the flu;
Autumn's winds ore raw and bold.
Autumn's gusts are swift and cold
Hearken! "TIs the festive sneeze!
Do not bare your dimpled knees!
a a a
The preachers arc more up In the
air than ever.
a a a
There's Lieutenant Maynard, f'rin-stance.
In Other Days.
Twenty-five 1 enra Ago.
From The Oregonian of Ot-toher 13, 104.
New York. The United .States has
been Invited by the quadruple alliance,
cdmposed of Great Kritain, France,
Germany and Russia, to Join in friend
ly intervention in the war between
Japan and China. The invitation will
J. B. Morrison, Ilwaco banker.
whose disappearance three weeks ago
created a sensation, arrived in Port
land yesterday from Columbus, Ohio,
and attributes his acts to a lapse ot
Congressman John L. Wilson of
Washington, candiriato for the senate,
arrived in Portland yesterday.
Tho Oregon Vitrified Brick company
opened Its first kiln two days ago
and is ready to begin delivering brick
to the lower Mount Tabor reservoir.
Fifty Years Ago.
From The Oreuonian of October IS, 1SII!.
Omaha. The Ked Stockings defeat
ed the Omaha baseball club by a score
of 65 to 1.
Louisville. Ex-President Fillmore
held a reception, at the courthouse to
day for delegates to the commercial
The 23d infantry band hag been
transferred from Vancouver and sta
tioned in Portland.
The state tax from Multnomah
county ihia year will not be far .from
TODAY IX THE LIGHT OF
I wonder if the burden of today
Will not have been so heavy as it
When on the morrows that are far
We shall look back In memories and
Today's dark way to long remem
May be tomorrow's token we shall
Our sweetest gifts are those already
And gone beyond where our sensa
By Grace E. Hall
These, too, shall fade and die, the
things that you love today,
The clouds that are drifting by aro on
their destined way: .
The flowers you pluck and praise to
morrow shall wilt and wither.
For naught that is earthly stays
they go we scarce know whither.
We shall forget, 'ere long, today's af
But long its joys through memory
Nor marvel we to find today's con
Subjected to tomorrow's doubt and
In the forgotten places of the years
Through countless afterwhiles un
to the last.
Todays will dawn again in smiles and
-The shadows of our lives upon the
r SERGEANT CLAUDE WEIMER.
Those youth-time keen desires gone,
like the melting snow!
Ambition's seething fires tempered
by many a blow;
Changed in their form each day Im
pulses of life impel.
Urging by later sway that time shall
Scattered like dreams 'that die are
things of yesteryears.
Fading like sunset skv viewed through
a mist of tears;
Gather them into a band fashion
them into sheaves.
The things that in youth you planned
a harvest of withered leaves!
No Jurisdiction of Domestic Matters.
PORTLAND, Oct. 12. (To the Edi
tor.) (1) If Japan contended that
their subjects should have the right
to enter the United States without
restriction and the United States said
"No," would same be termed a dis
pute between nations?
(2) Does the present draft of the
covenant of the league gi.ves the coun
cil of the league full power to settle
the above dispute?
The council is denied authority by
the covenant to make any recom
mendation as to settlement of a dis
pute which arises out of a matter
wHhln the domestic jurisdiction of
j either party.