Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, September 27, 1919, Page 8, Image 8

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

iftorniujj (Dmrimtan
Published by The Oregonlan Publlnhing-
Co., 1.15 Sixth Street. Portland. Oregon.
Maqcer. ) . Kditor.
The Oresonian la a mamber of -the Aa
sociatPd Vrbsj. Tne Associated Press ta
exclusively entitled to the uao lor .publica
tion of ail news dispatchea credited" -to it
o- not otherwise credited in thia paper and
also the local news published herein. All
rights of rf publication of special dia
jAtchea herein are also reserved.
Subscription Kattn Invariably in Advance.
(By .Malt.)
Pally. Sunday Included, one year ...
Daily, Sunday included, six months .
J-Mily. Sunday included, three montha
laily, Sunday included, one month
1 .ii ly, v. i tli out Sunday, one year ....
ijaily, without Sunday, atx months
1'aily, w ithout Sunday, one month . .
W eek ly, one year -
Sunday, one year
Sunday and weekly
(By Carrier.)
Tally, Sunday Included, one year ...
l)aily, Sunday included, one month ...
lHily. Sunday included, three montha
luiily. without Sunday, on year
ljally, without Sunday, three months
Xiatly. without Sunday, one month . .
. 4.25
. .75
. 6 00
. l.oo
. a. so
. a. 50
2. US
How to Kemlt Send poatofflce money
order, express or personal check on your
local bank, stampa. coin or currency are
at owner's risk. lilve poatoffi'-e aoaresa
In full. includiiiK county and etate.
Footage Rates IS to 16 pages. 1 cent;
18 to panes. - centa; 34 to 48 pages, 3
cents. SO to 60 pages, 4 centa; 62 to 6
pages, 5 cents, 78 to 8:1 pages, 6 centa
i'oreign postage, double rates.
Kastt-rn 15iiliiewi Office Verree Conk
lln Urunswirk building. New York; Verree
Conklin, Steger building. Chicago; Ver
ree & Conklin. Free Press building. De
troll. Mu h. San Francisco representative,
Il J. illdwell.
It was well enough for the folk
lore of other days to teach that the
end of tne shimmering rainbow
rested in a bag of gold. But never a
grandsire or balladist could name the
fortunate mortal who passed the
faerie circle, won through to the
edge of the world, and brought back
minted happiness without the toil or
sweat. At a period when the affairs
of men are tossed in seas of trouble,
when avarice contends with irrational
idealism, and "isms" spring like
florid weeds in the backyards of the
nations, there is sound American
common sense in the recent pro
nouncement of Secivtary Une, be
fore the Association of American
Secretaries of State, in convention at
"All down the road of history
there is no magical way to happi
ness," said Secretary Lane. "Work
alone finds the way. Work is the sal
vation, materially and spiritually.
J et us develop an aggressive, con
structive programme for America.
Let us all work to make this country
a better place in which to live, not by
selfish enterprise, but by co-operation."
Secretary lane has touched the
true key to the future. Clinging to
the democratic ideals of the nation,
turning not aside to gardens of
strange economic fantasies, demand
ing rather that all tasks shall be con
structive, and that each shall yield
the worker's full quota of recom
pense in necessarily larger measure
than before America should skirt
the quagmires of dissension and
walk toward the sunrise of economic
concord and prosperity. Work Is the
open sesame.
Here is no quarrel with labor. To
carve out its destiny the toil of the
nation must have its, tasks. And if
these tasks are multiplied, as the de
velopment of the country and the de
mands of international commerce
require, the swift, unhesitating in
crease in production will hold the
labor market at par and down the
dragon of high costs, as at one
blow. Higher standards of living
have undoubtedly reacted in higher
costs of living. Men and women who
toil are no longer content with the
standards of yesterday, any more
than their children with the rag dolls
end home-made toys of a decade or
so ago. They require that the wage
of service shall be such as will not
only purchase the shelter and food of
the toiler and his family, but that it
shall yield as well the purchase price
of happiness measured by the stand
ard of the times better garments,
better homes, and all that such a
standard connotes.
And wages have gone forward a
long stride to meet this demand, in
general, at least. Aside from the
mercurial ascent of living costs,
which have dented the family in
come in its tenderest spot, it is ap
parent that wage earners nowadays
are spending no inconsiderable por
tion of their incomes upon purchases
and enjoyments that had no place in
the popular standard of a generation
past. Observers are of the opinion
that this tendency plavs its own par
ticular part in wafting prices ever
It is Collier's Weekly which com
putes the vital difference between
the year 1SS0 and the present, in
terms of family working hours and
lauiiry leisure pursuits. Creating a
hypothetical home circle of father,
mother, two sons and a daughter.
the computation yields an average of
374 hours of work in the week, by
the accepted customs of 1880. Off
setting this were pleasures so simple
and inexpensive that the working
balance of the family remained prac
tically undrawn upon. Today, says
Collier's, the total weekly output of
such a family is but 130 hours of
work for a single person, withhpleas
ures deducted to the amount of 35
hours, or a total of but 95 hours of
work for the family support. The
plain inference is that the high cost
of living riddle is read in the com
parison. No economic Merlin can magic
back the days of 18S0. They are
gone,, in all their happy simplicity,
their long hours of toil and their
simple holidays of bullhead fishing
and butternut excursions.. Nor
would one recall them. Though at
tended by travail, the accomplish
ment of shorter hours and higher
wages, of a broaader scope of living,
signifies unquestioned progress and
undeniable justice to the toiler. The
rresent Is with America, and from
the present she must hew her future.
Here stands a compromise. Labor
and capital may beat their heads
against it all they choose but it re
mains the concrete fact of solution.
For the worker there must be a wage
and working conditions conformable
to the needs of the time, and insur
ing a front yard of roses and a
kitchen full of groceries in the lean
days of age. But an unreasoning
demand for all, a denial that the
creative facilities of moneyed enter
prise should not share in just pro
portion, defeats the full intent of
economic justice. For capital there
must be a return equally in keeping
with the investment and with the
creative sagacity that sponsored and
impels the functioning of the enter
prise. To either side of this economic
l.ighway, whence turn the lanes of
radicalism, lies swamps of chaos.
How, as never before, America is
in the making. Xot her destiny
alone, but the destiny of all nations,
is centered in the progress of the
world's premier project of genuine
democracy. There is too much gen
uine good sense inherent in the
American people, homely, sincere
logic such as that voiced by Secre
tary I.ane, to admit of the possibility
of failure.
Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt. presi
dent of the National Woman's Suf
frage association, has issued, a de
tailed statement in which prediction
is made that the suffrage amend
ment will have been ratified by Feb
ruary 1, 1920. The association as-
serts that it has never made a pre
diction which did not come true.
The suffrage amendment will
without doubt be ratified and it is
not the purpose herein to ques
tion the accuracy of Mrs. Catt's
prophecy as to time, but to point out
that even with the suffrage discrim
ination against women removed
there will still remain one inequality
in the sight of the law.
Here in .Portland, an illustration
has just been given. Question has
been raised as to the eligibility of a
woman to hold office in the court of
domestic relations, because of her
alienage. She has lived in the United
States thirty years and is qualified In
every way but one to become a cit
izen; she has sought naturalization
and has been denied the privilege.
Her sole disqualffication is that she
is the legal wife of an alien, from
whom she has long been separated
and who lives in Scotland.
In America the foreign born man
has sole option as to the citizenship
of both himself and wife. His natur
alization makes her automatically a
citizen. His neglect or refusal to be
come a citizen deprives her of pos
sibility of becoming one. She may
through birth in this country have
been a citizen, and in Oregon or
numerous other states may have
voted, but the moment she weds .an
alien she becomes an alien.
On the other hand a man may
have a' wife in Europe, but that fact
is no bar to his naturalization. The
American male citizen may wed an
alien but that does not alter his
status as a citizen.
Most laws and customs which re
strict women have been annulled in
later years. Woman may hold prop
erty in her own name in most states,
sue and be sned; she may be admit
ted to the professions that are regu
lated n practice by law; her capac
ity to take her place beside men in
public office, in business and in
trades is no longer questioned, and
soon she is to have the right In any
state to participate in elections. The
riaturalization law is the' one remain
ing relic of the old theory that wo
man is a sort of appurtenance or
property possession of man. .
Will the Ad club In its purpose to
decide on a beardless figure for use
by cartoonists in representing Father
Portland kindly hold up a bit? Here
is the esteemed Pendleton Tribune,
grown pensive over the lack of
proper recognition given aboriginal
nomenclature in many quarters of
Oregon. Among other changes it
wants this "pulsing Willamette city"
to abandon "Portland for Mult
nomah." The men who laid out the townsite
of Portland did not Tiave a proper
reverence for the Indian. Perhaps
familiarity, not now possible, bred
contempt. Francis W. Pettygrove
wanted to name the town in honor of
the Maine city. Amos L. Lovejoy,
who came from Massachusetts,
thought "Boston" prettier and more
appropriate. So they flipped a coin
and Mr. Pettygrove won, tails up
twice for "Portland."
We fancy that it would be rather
more difficult to change the name of
a large city than to change the name
of a large mountain, and that, good
ness as well as Tacoma knows, is
hard enough. But there is the strong
arsrument in its favor that the
change to Multnomah would auto
matically dispense with the distress
ing practice of personifying Portland
as a substantial, elderly gentleman
with chin whiskers.
We have not at hand a picture of
Chief Multnomah. Unfortunately he
passed on in a day when protrait
painters were scarce in Oregon and
there were no photographers at all.
But probably some other Indian's
picture would do as well. There was
Chief Timotsk of the Klickitats who
saw the Lewis and Clark party in
1S06 and lived well over a hundred
years. Timotsk's well-worn features
have been preserved by photographic
art and there is no one living who
could swear that his likeness is not
also the likeness of Multnomah.
Striking indeed is he - in broad
brimmed hat, flannel shirt, overalls
and buckled overshoes. And he has
no whiskers! ,
This may seem a drastic process
for solving an annoying problem,
but this is the day of radical changes.
On with the revolution!
Experience in the war demon
strated that a prime requisite to
rapid expansion and good training of
the army on outbreak of war is a
large body of reserve officers. In
1917 no such corps existed and it
had to be improvised and trained in a
hurry. There followed many unfit
appointments, which led to scandal
and impaired efficiency. .
To avoid another such experience,
high officers of the army and national
guard have urged congress to pro
vide training of a large number of
students at colleges and high schools
as officers. As a large proportion of
young men earn their education by
woiking. the number in some locali
ties running as high as 80 per cent,
it is proposed thai the government
offer inducements to students to take
training during the time which they
now devote to work. The national
defense act of 1916 provides for
50,000 reserve officers with commis
sions for ten years. This would re
quire graduation of 6000 a year.
The plan proposed would be
worked out best in conjunction with
universal training, for the govern
ment would award scholarships for
college education with training for
the officers' reserve corps by com
petition among the young embryo
soldiers. This would be an induce
ment to efficiency and study and
would preserve the democratic char
acter of the citizen army which
would be cafled out in time of war.
If universal training should not be
adopted, well trained reserve officers
would be the more necessary, for
they would have to command raw
recruits instead of men who had
been trained for six months.
Action on the entire military policy
is urgently needed, for on September
30 the strength of the army in the
Vnited States will be reduced to
185,000 officers and men, or about
the figure at which it stood when
war was declared.
If any further proof were needed
that the peace conference erred
grievously in its' treatment of Ger
many, it is furnished by recent
events in Upper Silesia and the Bal
tic provinces of Russia and by the
attempt to include in the German
constitution a provision for future
annexation of Austria. The Ger
mans never intended to observe the
treaty further than they were com
pelled; at the time when they agreed
to sign they were carrying out plans
for its violation in the Polish pro
vinces; they have since violated its
terms in the Baltic provinces and
they have grossly violated the intent
in Upper Silesia. In the latter pro
vince their action has been marked
by barbarity equal to that which was
practiced in Belgium.
Disregarding all the knowledge of
German character acquired during
the last five years the peace confer
ence modified its original decision
that Upper Silesia should be annexed"
to Poland by agreeing that a vote of
the people should decide whether it
should remain Gtrman or become
Polish, although German official sta
tistics showed the majority of the
population to be Polish. The confer
ence tfius assumed that Germany
would not obstruct a free, full vote,
when it knew that the German dele
gates had shown special determina
tion to keep the territory, the mines
of which gave it high economic val
ue. In making this assumption the
conference ignored the fact that for
six months State Commissioner
Hoersing had carried on a reign of
oppression under a state of siege
proclaimed In January. Yet they
permitted the province to remain in
the hands of the Germans in the in
terval between signature of the
treaty and holding of the referendum
election an interval which is being
prolonged by the delay in ratifica
tion. The sequel shows that the Ger
mans profited by this laxity to carry
out the plans indicated in the dis
patch from Berlin to the govern
ments of the Polish provinces which
was intercepted and sent to Paris by
the Polish government after Ger
many had agreed to sign. Though
thus forewarned, the allies only sent
a warning; little Germany cares for
warnings when not backed by Imme
diate, superior force.
The story of what followed has
been told by correspondents of tho
London Times and Morning Post
from observation on the ground. A
number of German mine owners and
manufacturers closed their mines
and foundries. Hoersing threatened
that all men thrown out of work
would be deported to France, his ob
ject being to provide labor for recon
struction in the devastated region
and to remove a large part of the
Polish population before the refer
endum election. On August 12 a
strike of 200,000 miners and work
men began and was accompanied by
an insurrection, the arms and am
munition being wrested by crowds
from German frontier guards, tn a
few days all resistance was over
come in the principal centers, but
the insurgents long field out in the
woods and mining villages.
There followed a typical outbreak
of Prussianism. barbarous and de
fiant of the allies.,. On August 18
Hoersing proclaimed that all me
found with arms in their possession
would be shot on sight. He began
deporting the Poles on August 13,
and where the able-bodied male pop
ulation was in revolt, had fled or was
in hiding, he carried off their wives
and families wholesale. The entire
population of two mining villages
was deported. Forty insurgents were
executed in a body at one place,
forty at another and 150 in the
prison at Kattowitz. Many were
strung up- by the hands for execu
tion. The death penalty was not re
served for armed men. Many un
armed persons were shot immedi
ately upon arrest. About 20,000
Poles of all ages and both sexes have
fled across the border into Poland
fording a stream while German sol
diers fired on them. At one place
where 2000 assembled, many had
faces and bodies bleeding from
blows. One man said they had struck
and rebelled because the conditions
under which they had been com
peuea to work-were Intolerable, and
the whole assemblage of refugees
corroborated the statement.
In the fighting the Germans took
few prisoners, for the Insurgents
preferred to be killed. They took
revenge by collecting droves of old
uitrii, Huiiicn ana Doys and com
pelling them to march for hours
with hands above their heads, beat
ing them with butts of rifles, pieces
of wire cable and belting. P'loors of
prisons were so thick with blood that
prisoners' shoes stuck to them. The
berraans killed one man by tying a
hand grenade around his neck and
puiung me pin. Another man's
wrists were tied to the stirrups of
two mounted soldiers, who then e-al
loped for a thousand yards, drawing
apart so mat iney tore him in two
several otner examples of brutal
murder are related.
Alter thorough investigation the
two correspondents reached conclu
sions which may be summed
- u.waicr iroiicj OT provocation
"J? oppression haa been pursued toward
That. 4.t;K..... ii -
, u. s.iic,- a srate or siege was de
clared in January, for the purpose of In
cuius mem to a revolt which would dla
credit tne folish nation nnrf u
an excuse for further oppression, especially
deportation or large numbers of Polea. and
tempt Poland to intervention unauthorized
".v ma allies.
That Polish leaders were either arreatad
or unien to Illgnt.
That German plana have bean aided by
failure of the allies to put the clauses of
the treaty relating to upper Silesia in im
mediate effect.
Tills policy provoked the strike and in
surrection of August 12. and caused re
pression to ba enforced with the greatest
That German troops resorted to measures
of brutality which match those adopted In
Belgium and which demand thorough In
quiry. That the Poles showed no bolshevist ten
dencies in the strike or Insurrection.
That coal production wiil ba negligible
until tho coal fields are removed from
German control.-
That when the province Is occupied by
allied troops and governed by an allied
commission. Polish workmen will return to
work and work willingly.
Those Americans who want the
United States to wash its hands of
the affairs of Europe may ask:
"What has that to do with us? Aside
from the fact that one of the four
teen points, to which this nation Is
morally pledged, requires liberation
of the Poles, it proves that German
militarism is unconquered and de
fiant, and therefore that we have not
finished the work which we under
took: the war stopped too soon. It
was not enough, to occupy the Rhine
provinces; allied troops should have
occupied the eastern provinces as
well. As fast as the allied armies
are demobilized and as the peace
conference betrays weakness. Inde
cision and disunion, the Prussian
beast lifts his head and shows his
talons. Power for evil in Silesia be
speaks power for evil in the world at
large, as Prussianism recovers its
strength. That its spirit still rules
Germany is apparent from the fol
lowing translation of a song entitled
"We German Urper Silesians," which
is circulated in the disputed province;
If Silesia becomes Polish, may God cause
children and cattle to die unborn; may God
cripple tho hands and feat of the Polea
and blind their eyea, atrike tbem. man and
woman, deaf, and make them idiota. May
no aound of rejoicing" flood Polish landa.
but only groans and erica. May Uod in
this wise s'.ake the revenge of the Germans.
Freedom of the Poles Is necessary
to the peace of Europe, and the
peace of Europe is necessary to the
peace of the world. Therefore Si
lesia is our business, as Serbia proved
to be our business. We can beat
make peace secure by prompt ratifi
cation of the treaty and-by prompt
organization of the league of na
tions. Many men, women and chil
dren are dying because the senate
wrangles, debates and delays. It is
doing the work of the enemy.
Without spilling a single tear for
the automobile bandits who were re
cently sentenced in Judge Gatens'
court, at the flip of a coin, one can
not but ponder over whose two
months were so lightly disposed of.
If the spinning quarter fell "tails"
one of the pair of prisoners would
face but six months' imprisonment.
If it rested at "heads." as it did, his
oortion of punishment would be
eight months. An enterprising fellow
can catch a good many fish in sixty
days, can cover a good many miles.
can earn a good many dollars or, it
must be admitted, can halt a good
many wayfarers by the insistent
prompting of an automatic. But the
nescapable fact remains that two
months is a precious commodity to
be gambled with, by sanction of
court or otherwise, when they belong
to the other fellow, prisoner or peer.
D'Annunzio's expedition to Fiume
should arouse the peace conference
o the fact that the habit of settling
quarrels by force has taken strong
hold of the world through five years
of constant practice and could not be
broken by the signing of armistices
and the meeting of grave statesmen
at Paris. The power of the confer
ence was no greater than the armies
at their command and their union
and decision in using those armies.
Because the allies shrank from using
their armies, demobilized them rap-
dly and revealed divided counsels,
they were defied by the Germans in
Silesia and Courland, by the Rou
manians in Hungary and by the
Italians at Fiume. Their grip has
been slipping ever since Germany
gave up the struggle.
Those old dynasties never give up.
The Hapsburgs were no sooner
driven out of Hungary than they be
gan scheming to get back. All the
power of the league will be needed
to keep them in check and. If the
Magyars should relapse into mon
archy, to prevent them from attack
ing their liberated provinces. That
s one purpose of article 10 of the
The shipping board has spilled the
beans again. It should have an
nounced its opposition to the new
wage scale for Pacific coast ship
builders long ago or should have ap
proved it. The country has enough
strikes on hand already without add
ing one which could have easily been
If the womenfolks of the presi
dential party brought from 'Europe
"presents" of value, why make
scandal because they are alleged to
have evaded pay duties? Better
simply show them the words
"noblesse oblige" in a dictionary.
John Barrett is resiging as head o
the Pan-American Union. He has
held important office since he quit
reporting on the Telegram nearly
thirty years ago. No reason is
stated, but, depend upon it, John
has a good one.
There Is a nice question of respon
sibility opened in the arrest of the
San Francisco motorman who
jumped off when his controller box
exploded and let he car run three
blocks. Does the rate of pay cove
sacrifice ?
An undelivered letter has been re
turned to the sender in Washington
after 37 years. In all fairness
should be stated that Mr. Burleson 1
not responsible. He has not been
postmaster-general that long.
Emma Goldman may plead th
paupers' act and be released from
the $15,000 fine, but the governmen
has enough on her to keep her In
jail or deport her, and probably the
latter will be done.
No doubt the special guard of
secret service men accompanied th
president on his hour's walk to th
Arkansas river In Kansas Thursday
That's "Injun" country In the eastern
Disgraceful amusement features
always get into fairs, but discovery
does not come In time to do rnuc
good. Anything that catches th
"sucker" should be put out the first
The sum of $196 was found on
youth caught drilling into a safe th
other night and one would think
a fellow with that much "jack
would stay honest a while.
The nation is short 38,000 teachers
and if teachers were united, like th
railroaders, what a grand time
would be for a strike in the school
The kind of public spirit that mad
the whole town of Sheridan turn ou
to gather fruit is the kind that win
and makes a town grow into a city,
The state board of control is
considerate body. Because the adju
tant of the soldiers' home got mar
ried, the board increased his pay.
Ezra Meeker is determined not to
miss any new sensation that develops
down to the day of his death. He
old, but a dead game sport.
Vienna is short of coal and publi
funerals have been stopped. No
connection, of course, between these
Lord Sti-athrona'a Beqoest to Tale.
Kalian Soloists Visit America.
The Strathcona bequest, one of the
wo large gifts which Yale ha recent
ly received, haa been put to work.
Disposition of the other large gift
he one from the late John W. Ster
ling remains unsettled but will aoon
ome up for consideration by the cor-
oration. Out of the $610,000 which
Lord Strathcona left to the unltrer-
ity, the sum of $280,000 will be used
to establish two new professorships
In the graduate achool. The rest of
the fund will be devoted to memorial
fellowships and to the erection of a
memorial building to cost $250,000.
The men who are chosen to fill these
ew Yale claims will be more for-
unate than most of their fellows on
the faculty, because the size of the
ndowment will make it possible to
pay the professors about $7000 a year.
This salary exceeds the average by a
onsiderable amount.
It la shown In a statement tn the
Philadelphia Public Ledger from Dr.
Edw-ard C. Warden, a chemist who
was in the United States service and
as lately returned from the occupied
one in Germany, that all the Humer
us chemical establishments In that
egion, which had been converted Into
manufactories of explosives and as
phyxiating gases in the war, have
now returned with full and actually
ugmented force to the manufacture
f chemical products or dyes. Not
nly are the'r facilities -entirely un
impaired, but they have been able.
under allied protection, to expand
their former production greatly, and
already they have large stocks of
hemicals, pharmaceuticals and dye-
stuffs on hand for shipment to for
eign countries, and particularly to
America. They are all ready for a
fierce competition with our Infant dye
stuffs Industry, and American es
tablishments are reported to be warn
ing their customers against the un
reliability of American dyes!
Apparently a little art education
would not be amiss among our coun-
ry proofreaders, says the Boston
Transcript. One rural sheet says.
Last night the -pastor took as his
subject, that well-known picture. 'The
Last Supper,' by Dr. Vinci." Another
informs us that "The reredos of the
altar is composed of seven gilt panels
of Fra and Jellico's angels."
A third newspaper, reviewing the
performance of a visiting orchestra
says, "Among 'the pieces played was
Grieg's 'Ass's Death.' " This must be
a companion piece to the tune the old
cow died of.
A Detroit paper vouches for this
little anecdote: Three illustrious cro
nies, John Burroughs, Thomas A. Edi
son and Henry Ford, with a party of
friends were Just back from their
annual outing in the New England
The men talked as they ate In a
Hartford hotel, and their meal wasn't
one to detract much attention from
their interview. Mr. Ford had clam
broth, spinach, apple pie and tea. Mr.
Edison had apple pie, Roquefort
cheese, hard crackers and Iced coffee.
while Mr. Burroughs took a lobster
cocktail, apple pie and milk. But
others in the party took heavier
meals, and when the check came It
was for $14. Mr. Ford extracted a
$50 bill from his pocket and handed it
to the head waiter. "Split up the
Changs among you," he remarked as
he pushed back his chair and lighted
his cigar.
Jurors of the district of the Seine
having disposed of 14 criminal affairs,
of which ten were attributed to the
abuse of alcohol, wrote to Mr. Nail.
the minister of Justice, asking that
measures be taken for the supprea-
ion of the sale of alcoholic bever
ages. Advocates of prohibition in
France (there are a few) have little
hope that any such steps will be
taken. One of them told a reporter
of Le Journal "The elections are too
near, and the wine merchant Is a
power in the land."
Retail jewelers in New York declare
that prohibition and high wages paid
during the war have combined to
make the Jewelry business more pros
perous than ever before In Its his
tory. The highed priced articles are
In the greatest demand. One dealer
says: "A large part of the money
formerly expended for liquor is now
being used in buying Jewelry. The
public apparently hus plenty of money
and is spending a large part of It
for Jewelry."
The right man is sometimes hard to
find. Simmone and Clarette Hamel
of New York, each prettier than the
other, traveled through Europe a year
or so, clad in Knights of Columbus
overseas uniforms, and have coma
with a combined record of 234 pro
posals of marriage, of which Sim
mone received 114 and Clarette 120.
"The Irish are the best proposers and
the English next," said Simmone. "We
also had them from Roumanians,
Frenchmen, Americans and one
Dutchman. Most of our proposals
came from army officers but there
were a few civilians mixed In."
One restaurant in Xw York uses
24,000.000 eg us a year $1,000,000
worth at least at cold storage prices
enough to supply a man with two
eggs for breakfast for 33.000 years,
or enough to form a giant necklace
HOO miles la circumference.
The city trustees of Venice. Cal.,
have been asked to pass an ordinance
creating a "roar and odor" zone. By
its terms circuses with wild animals
to house for the winter, which is not
an uncommon thing at Venice, will
be restricted to a zone where the
howl of the hyena will not break Into
the late morning sleep of visitors and
the jungle odor will not break up the
afternoon teas of the city's elite.
Henry Frances Koser Is a New
York moving picture actor who plays
hermit and bolshevist parts. He has
not shaved or had his hair trimmed
for two years. After having accepted
an advance payment of $250 from a
producer Koser was discovered by the
producer the other day in a barber
shop about to get a round haircut and
a VanDyke beard trim. That got hira
Into court on complaint of the pro
ducer that. trimmed and shaved.
Koser would not fit the part and the
producer would be out $250. He was
temporarily restrained by court order.
Of course there Is a woman in tha
case. Her name Is Lena and she says
she could never kiss a man with a
lot of hair around his mouth.
Those Who Come and Go.
"W have the same trouble with
help In Shanghai. China, as the hotels
have In the Vnited States." confided
Mrs. H. E. Morton, whose husband is
manger of the Astor hotel at Shang
hai. "Native help la available and
some can be used, but the white help
for the hotel Is difficult to hold. After
the help has been in China a short
time they become homesick and re
turn to the states." Oriel Smith, for
mer cashier t the Hotel Portland,
where Mrs. Morton is registered, is
assistant manager of the Astor. Mrs.
Morton says that the hotel business
is booming In the orient, the hotels
being crowded with tourists and com
mercial travelers, particularly the
latter, who are swarming over to
make business connections.
Gratitude to a took caused Major
Frank Tagart of Salt Lake City to
fare forth from the Hotel Portland
yesterday In quest of an agate pin.
"I've had a flock of teeth extracted."
explained the major, "and It some
what interferes with my eating. The
English cook In the home of a friend
in the east was kind enough to pre
pare special dishes for me while I
was a guest, and I want to show mv
appreciation. I thought one of those
pins made from the famous araiM l
Oregon might be nice." Mrs. Tagart
has been an active newspaper woman
and gave her husband instructions to
visit Stanley Reynolds, the news
paper correspondent who was injured
here while with President Wilsons
"I 'eel ten years younger than
when I came to Portland three weeks
go. Your water and climate can't b
beaten, and the climate is conducive to
rest," said W. H. Moulton of Sioux
City, la., at the Multnomah. Mr. Moul
ton came here for a complete rest and
has not received a letter or telegram
since his arrival, and feels quite sat
isfied about it. At home he is the state
sales manager for an electric light
ins: system. As Iowa is a large state,
with a large population, and verv lit
tle water power, his lighting system
is so much In demand That the manu
facturers cannot keep up with his
It isn't ofton that a Californian
will admit that there is any other
state in the union, but J. P. Foster is
an exception. He says that it is a
privilege to live in any one of the
" hree big states," California. Oregon
and Wasnlngton. With Mrs. Foster.
Mr. and Mrs. A. Mouchle. Mr. Foster
arrived at the Multnomah yesterday
from the Golden Gate. For several
weeks they have been on the road,
traveling leisurely, and before com
ing to Portland they visited the state
fair at Salem. Mr. Foster pronounces
the state fair a dandy advertisement.
From this city the party will proceed
through part of W'Hshinston.
Every once in a while some one
gets out of Jordan valley and comes
to Portland, although because of
transportation facilities the Jordan
valley folk usually go to Idaho. Ru
fus M. Dinweddie, from the valley, is
at the Imperial. This little known
section of Oregon, off on the edne in
Malheur county, is developing into a
(rood producing region, and to enable
the rancners to do business irk Ore
gon instead of Idaho, tlfe county is
ready to spend money to have a suit
able road built from Jordan valley
norm to Ontario
"When I first went into the Sal
monberry country I couldn't see even
a trace of dejr. and I wondered what
was the matter. Now there are plenty
of deer In that vicinity, although they
are hard to get on account of the
dense underbrush," said Henry L.
Pies, at the Hotel Portland. "I shot
a deer this season near the camp."
Mr. Pies, who has had a camp for
sportsmen on the Salmonberry for
the past eight years, is considered one
of tho best, woodsmen In that coun
try. J. Nute Burgess of Pilot Rock al
though he registered at the Imperial
from Pendleton is in the city. Mr.
Burgess is the newly selected mem
ber of the state highway commis
sion and will succeed W, L. Thomp
son when the latter withdraws at the
end of the year. Mr. Burgess was to
have attended the September meet
ing of the commission to get in touch
with the work, but was unavoidably
detained. Having purchased all the Oregon
cherries he could obtain. Max Mayer
of San Francisco is now lying up
pears and apples. Mr. Mayer, who
is at the Hotel Portland, represents
a preserving concern in California
which takes the Oregon fruit he buys
and presents It to the world market
as California product. Some of the
cherries reappear on the shelves of
Oregon dealers as maraschino, and
others with the glace coaling.
"Roads to Salem are clouds of
dust." reports Otto Metschan. "The
road Is good to Newberg. of course,
being paved, and then traffic crosses
the bridge and goes by way of St.
Paul. This Is a dirt road from St.
Paul and with so many machines
using it a person is In a continuous
cloud of dust for miles. The most
convenient way to go to Salem at
present is by train."
Wearing one of those nifty French
uniforms. Lieutenant L. Framery of
the French high commission was at
the Benson yesterday In connection
with salvaging the abandoned Foun
dation company plant at the old bone
yard. Paul B. Thompson, who was
the last manager of the Foundation
yard in this city, is also at the Ben
son, coming from Seattle.
Now that the summer season is
over and the seashore visitors are
back home, M. H. Abbey has time to
leave his hotel at Newport and visit
his mining properties in Washington.
He was on the way to the mines, via
the Hotel Oregon yesterday.
R. H. Webber and T. C. Errtnger
of Minneapolis chugged up to the
Multnomah yesterday, having made
the trip by machine. They have been
traveling for nearly two months,
making stops in the main towns.
They Intend returning home by the
southern route.
D. M. Ward of Heppaer and W. L.
Smith of lone brought a carload of
Morrow county cattle to Portland yes
terday and after installing the crit
ters at the stockyards, registered at
the Hotel Oregon.
There are many bankers who are
democrats, although as a rule bank
ers are stalwart republicans. W. B.
Blackaby. democrat and banker of
Ontario, is in the city and registered
at the Imperial.
To attend the conference of the in
dustrial welfare commission in this
city, C. II. Younger and Mrs. W. H.
Udall of Olympia and Mrs. J. E. Bur
key of Tacoma are registered at the
With a diamond horseshoe that daz
zles all beholders, A. Gabriel, who is
a traveling ruan but does not sell
trumpets, was a Benson arrival yes
terday. On their way to see the sights at
the state fair. Mrs. Pearl F. Cole and
Miss Jane Sanborn of Astoria were at
the Benson yesterday.
Ira C. Powell, president of the First
National bank at Monmouth. Or., is at
the Multnomah, accompanied by his
Oae Still Preserves Way Book With
Names of Noted Passengers.
GOLD HILL. Or., Sept. 25. (To the
Editor.) I have before me an old
"waybill" book of the California
Stage company, dating from October
5. 1S60. to January, 1871. In it are
many names Of pioneers who In those
early days took passage on the stage
between various points on the line
of this old stage road, extending from
Sacramento to Portland. 1 find the
names of Jesse Applegate. James H.
Nesmith. General Joe Lane. C. C.
Beekman and many others who have
made national reputations, and note
that in most instances they traveled
on a pass.
The book belongs to Nort Eddlngs.
one of the old stage drivers, who lives
here at Gold Hill. I rode with Mr.
Eddings In the days after 1871 be
tween Ashland and Roseburir and
sometimes talk over "old times" with
him. I only know of one other of the
pioneer stage drivers yet living.
George Roberts, who when 1 last saw
him a couple of years ago lived In the
Slsklyous, by the side of the old road
where he held the ribbons over his
six splendid horses that drew many
nervous passengers over these pic
turesque neignts. These men call up
memories of the romantic age of the
Pacific coast and bring vividly to
mind reminiscenses of many interest
ing experiences. They are passing
and aoon the things they are now
ame to relate or those early times
will have to be transmitted second
I notice In this old book the follow
ing order issued by the stage com
pany at Portland, January 26, IStiJ
jooar legal tender notes are at a dis
count of 40 per cent. I find it imrn.,,1.1.
lo keep you advised, so as not to make a
loss. Alter this, until further order, don't
take mrai at all for fare at less than SO
per cent discount. Copy this order Into
your way-nui look.
sum. c. s. Co.
Portland. January 2. 1S,;.
The, CoMer? City.
By Grace K. Hall.
i ii ere s some wnere a goiden city on
the hanks of a singing stream
Where the streets are a-g!ow and
a-glitter and enrapture with
sound and sights:
ret an ua a nroonmjr pity, as one
clings to a vanished dream.
All the marvels that met my fancy
when I first saw the gleaming
ine blare and the glare were a mad
ness mat ran In mv ratine
The crowds were a joyful picture,
made up of a million hues:
The streets were but lanes of glad
ness with brilliance and glow
And thrills were a vast assortment
from which I could freely
No more can T find that city with all
of its golden glow,
That I glimpsed at first from the
rlvor as the boat came chug
ging in:
I recall with a sense of pity tne urgs
that I used to know
As I gazed at the lichts a-qulver
from the rotight deck's splin
tered rim.
Oh. wonderful childhood travel from
farm to the city's street.
With all of its unknown mysteries
and all of its brilliant lure!
Let none ever jeer or cavil at a joy
sr all-complete.
For the years cannot bring another
with rapture so deep and pure.
Scope- of Soldiers Aid.
PORTLAND, Sept. 2 (To the Kdi
tor.) Kindly tell me if a man is en
titled to thei state aid who enlisted
In the Cnited States naval reserve
force and has been placed on the in
active status If he wishes to attend
school this year. A IlKAPKIl.
He is entitled to state aid if he was
a bona fide resident of the state at
the time of enlistment or induction
into the service or If his nbsem-e at
thnt time wns only ternporrirv.
Where Were Our "Gobs" Wlien
the "Doughboys" Smashed
Little was learned of the American navy, when the fields of
Europe trembled in that final titanic contest which sent Wilhelm
as a fugitive to Holland nd scattered the German army in humbled
wreckage- But the navy was on the job. The death-haunted lanes
of the sea, that must be constantly patroled if the troop and supply
ships won through to France, were cleft by American ships, with
our puns and our boys on vigil. One man slone is pre-eminently
fitted to spin this narrative of seamanship and valor Admiral
Sims, commander of the Yankee fleet in foreign waters. "The Vic
tory at Sea" is the title of Admiral Sims' story of our participation
with England and her sister allies in keeping the sea lanes clear.
It begins in tomorrow's issue nnd will continue as a weekly serial
the most graphic and authentic narrative of the American navy
ever compiled.
Gems and Jewels as Portland Wears Them. There is romance
' in a csmeo, if it chances to have been cut in foreign lands. The hit
of ancient craftsmanship in the jeweler's window has known fair
women and the touch of hands long stilled. And there "is romance
in all jewelry, trove that pours to Portland from the treasure chests
of all the world, says Dewitt Harry in a special rticle in the Sun
day issue. Splendidly illustrated.
How It Feels to Be a Medium. When the psychic gift came to
her she was a little girl. A voice in the night called her name.
Strange elations claimed her. And this was but the forerunner of
hundreds of voices that were to speak to her, of faces that were to
come, of hands that touched her hand with caress, though to the
finite eye no other presence tenanted the room. Remarkable beyond
others of the series, in that it portrays the psychic experiences of
a woman who possesst the mysterious power to gaze beyond, is the
story of an Indianapolis clubwoman, Ollah Toph, appearing in the
Sunday issue. "To hold to men a torch that shall reveal a world
undreamed!" Read this, cynic and convert alike. ,
Tail Feathers That Fashion Covets. In Africa, land of strange
trove, one of the principal industries is the plucking of wing and
tail plumes from the ostrich a task attended with remonstrance
on the part of the big bird, and the probability that the despoiler
may receive a kick like the thrust of a free piston. But they rifle
the mala ostrich, taking his bridal finery from him with ruthless
hands, at the mandate of fashion. The Sunday Oregonian carries
a story about it, with admirably chosen illustrations, from the ostrich
farm to the chapeau.
Mail Thefts Reduced to the Minimum. Gone are the days when
postal robberies were the source of independent income to many a
scamp of the underworld, who needed but a black mask and a "gun"
to glean a treasure of postage stamps, of checks and drafts and cur
rency. The postal theft was the specialty of the "yegg," the hobo
desperado. But postal inspectors and officials circumvented the
criminals, and the mail box and the country postoffice are no longer
regarded as "easy pickings." A good yarn, in the Sunday paper.
Don't Marry a Prince! He used to come riding out of the fairy
story, to bear the good little maid away to a castle of perpetual
delight, to the confusion of all dragons, giants, ogres and other such.
"Don't marry a prince!" warns the Princess Hassan, a California
girl who really married one. Her prince proved to be a bounder
whose wish it is to be buried with two cases of champagne. But let
the princess tell the complete story of his perfidy as she does in
the Sunday issue.
All the News of All the World
The Sunday Oregonian
More Truth Than Poetry.
By James J. Moatigne,
Women in Paris are wearing gowns
which they can carry rolled up In the
palms of their hands. Fashion note.
The cave man remarked to his bride.
as ne lovingly patted her cheek:
I've brought you a dinosaur's hide
To wear to the party next week."
But the lady replied with a pout.
mat never w ill answer at all.
Those dinosaur skins have gore out;
They are all wearing bear-skins
this fall."
The cave man, the following spring
Observed, with a satisfied air.
You dear little, queer little thing.
I've brought you a bear-skin to
But the lady remarked. "I suppose
I must try to be happy and smile.
In dowdy and cumbersome clothes
When nothing but fox i in style."
The care man, when summer cams
Dropped into her boudoir to say:
My love, you'll be handsomely
In the fox-pelt I brought you to
day." But the lady replied with a tear
Kxpressive of better distress:
"The fur of a rabbit this year
Is all that is worn for a dress."
The cave man procured her a hare
And said in a sinister tone.
"There's something you eay you can
You can taks it or leave it alone."
But the lady replied in a huff,
"Why bring me that great horrid
When the skin of a mole is enough
To make, me a beautiful suit?"
a a
Cora penaarloa.
New Jersey, the home of the mos
quito, is also the home of Jersey
lightning, which, in a dry time, bal
ances the score.
Still Waitlns: for 11 im.
Any time General Pershing feels a
little ennui he can go back and finish
that Mexican job that was interrupted
by the great war.
Give Him His Dae.
Without any aspersions on the First
division, it Is really Colonel House
who was the first to go over and the.
Inst to come back.
(Copyright. 1919. by Bell Syndicate.
In Other Days.
Twenty-five Ve-ara Asia.
From The Oreitonlan, September 27, 194.
Omaha. When Bryan's free silver
forces selected the temporary chair
man of the state democratic conven
tion, delegntes of six counties bolted
and organized a separate convention.
The fleet of oversea sail vessels
now in port aggregates 57.847 tons of
tonnage and comprises 17 ships.
Many leaders in society circles will
participate in the grand circus to he
given by the first regiment, O. N. G.,
in the near future.
Grand President Herman Knkle and
Grand Secretary Louis Blank of the
Independent Order B'nai B'rilh of
San Francisco departed for Tacoma
after a visit of several days in
Fifty Year Asm.
From The Oregonlan. September -7. lsit
New York. Excite. nent ill the gold
room this morning, when the price
rose rapidly from 137 to 'i, devel
oped into an absolute panic.
John Barrows of Linn county look
premiums at the California state fair
on Australian and club wheat.
The steamer Ann was sold last week
by the United States marshal to the
Long Tom Naviga'on company.
Both the weekly newspapers at Al
bany, the Register and the Democrat
announce that they will soon begin
issuincr as dallies.