Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, August 21, 1919, Page 10, Image 10

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Fubltehed by The Oregonlan Publishing Co..
lli Sixth street. Portland. Oregon.
ilnr. Editor.
known what we now know. We should
intervene in response to the instinct
of self-preservation, in the absence of
any formal compact. The object of
the compact U to give due warning
to would-be conquerors that the world
will be against them.
' I The president so clearlv answered
ZilJ2SEZZ2rfS: rer lotion that was asked that
ciunveiy entitled is th ue Tor put)iic-1 r.e swept away a cioua oi misunaer-
vx&iz'!avi&Wila ,nA opened. the way 2. an
lorml nri iMjMlahed herein. All right
of republication of apodal dispatch heroin
re also reerve4.
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San Krancisco representative. R. J. Bldwell.
President Wilson and the foreign
relations committee of the senate
have met in "common counsel. " The
result is creditable to both side) per
haps It is better to say all sides and
improves the prospects of early rati
fication of the treaty with Germany.
The president appeared In a more fav
orable light than at any other point
in his relations with congress. He was
frank in answering questions, and he
placed some features of the treaty in
& more favorable light. The senators
learned some facts about the negotla
tions which may modify their views,
though they properly restrained any
disposition to cross-examine or heckl
the president.
The crux of the controversy on
which ratification .hangs is reserva
tions interpreting certain provisions
of the league covenant. The presi
dent in effect told the senators that
they mean just what the proposed in
terpretations say that they mean. The
senators reply: Then why not em
body those interpretations in the reso
lution of ratification? The presiden
says: Because they were understood
to be the meaning by the commission
which drafted the covenant and be
cause formal acceptance by each sign
natory power would be necessary to
make them binding, and that would
involve serlons delay. He says, how
ever, that there would be no objectio
to adoption of the reservations apart
from the resolution of ratification.
and that silence of the other powers
lor a reasonable period would imply
Then the difference of opinion be
tween the president and most of the
opposing senators resolves itself to
this: That the president thinks any
Interpretations of the meaning of the
covenant should be the separate act
of the United States alone, in which
the other signatories should not be
called upon to acquiesce, though their
acquiescence would ultimately be im
plied by silence. The sennte majority
or a part of the senate majority,
thinks the interpretations should be
Included in the resolution of ratifica
tion and thus made binding on the
other powers, though this may require
.their formal acceptance. In reply to
Senator Fall, the president admitted
that Germany's assent would be un
necessary as that country Is not a
member of the league, thus removing
one objection which he bad formerly
raised. If the senate should adopt
Mr. Wilson's view, the United States
alone would stand behind its interpre-
tation of article 10, of the right of
withdrawal and of the right to ex
clude domestic questions from action
of the league, but would have in
formal knowledge that the men who
drew those provisions understood them
as we do. The Monroe doctrine be
ing a distinctly American policy, our
right to define it cannot be disputed,
therefore our . definition needs no
formal acceptance by other powers, as
it will not infringe on their already
recognized rights.
There is small risk that the inter
pretations adopted by the United
States alone would be challenged by
other powers. We should scrupu
lously live up to our obligations as
thus defined, and no other power or
probable combination of powers
would be able to coerce us into accept
ance of any other definition. Our
manpower and financial power have
been scarcely touched, our resources
are unequaled and our Industrial
capacity has been greatly enhanced by
the war. For these reasons we may
reasonably expect the tacit consent of
other nations to our construction of
the much discussed articles of the
Mr. Wilson also elucidated the na
ture of the obligations which we
assume. It is moral, therefore the
more binding on our consciences,
"absolutely compelling." to use his
expression, when a nation is the ob
ject of aggression which cannot be
repelled except by armed force. But
it can become legal only by operation
of the process provided by our con
stitution. Thus the president, on each
occasion for fulfillment of this duty,
would submit the facts to congress
with his recommendations, and con
gress would decide whether they
called for a trade boycott, a war or
some other action against the ag
gressor. It is not right to assume that, be
cause this procedure would be neces
sary to give effect to the moral obli
gation, the league would be a "rope
of sand, as Senator Brandegee said.
The president truly said that the
United States would "concur in the
greatest moral judgment of the
world." Who can doubt that, if such
a compact had existed In 1114, Ger
many and Its confederates would not
have dared to plunge the world into
war? Their chief reliance for suc
cess was upon the divisions and
rivalries among other nations. They
would not have moved in the face of
a world united against them in sup
port of a principle which was directly
opposed to their alms.
But it may be asked, would this
nation art upon such obligation when
the time for action arose, if it were
left free to decide? If the American
people had known in 1914 what was
to follow Germany's action, is there
any reasonable doubt that we should
have Intervened then instead of Ir.
1)17? It is proposed now that we
assume a moral obligation to do. un
der like circumstances in the, future,
that which. It is generally agreed, we
should have done in 1S14 if we, had
understanding with the senate. Even
the question of Shantung was put in
a very different light by the statement
that Japan's agreement to hand the
province back to China was reduced
to writing, though kept secret. His
answer to every question was ade
quate, though some of his admissions
were surprising, especially that in re
gard to his ignorance of the secret
treaties.. Many very definite rumors
of such treaties were afloat, he had
all the machinery of the state depart
ment to ascertain the facts and the
possibilities created by the war were
many and perilous. He should have
known, or suspected, what bargains
had been made among the nations
whose cause we finally espoused
When it is possible that such informa
tion can be withheld from the presi
dent, even after we have become the
chief belligerent, it is high time "for
open covenants openly arrived at.'
An excursion ,by any thoughtful
reader through that invaluable work,
"History of the American People," by
Woodrow Wilson, will bring him face
to face sooner or later (volume 4,
page 101) with the following inter
esting and suggestive paragraph:
In April. 1814. Mr. Tyler sent to the
senate a treaty of annexation which he had
negotiated with Texas. Secret negotiations,
a piece of business privately carried to com
pletion and made public only whn finished,
suited well with the president's temper and
way of action. A man naturally secretive.
naturally fond, not of concealments, but of
quiet and subtle management, not Insl
cere, but Indirect In his way of approach,
he relished statecraft of this sort, and
doubt liked th Texas business all tho bett
because It seemed to demand. In Its very
nature, a delicate and private handlln
The senate rejected tho treaty by th ve
decisive vot of sixteen to thirty-five, me
of both parties alike deeply irritated th
the president should spring this weigh
matter upon the country in such a fashion.
taking no counsel beforehand sav such as
be chos to take.
sponsible and to call upon it for in
stant remedy. Whatever it does an
tagonizes some interest, and others say
the thing done is not enough or should
hae been done sooner.
Lloyd George incurs all the resdlt
ant criticism and unpopularity. His
task of allaying discontent is rendered
more arduous by the fact that he
heads a coalition of political extremes
and is regarded by the liberal remnant
as the destroyer of his party and a
traitor to his leader. He reached the
climax of his career when he ended
the war with victory, and it might
have been better for his lasting fame
if he had been able to retire at that
time. Since the armistice he has rap-
Idly lost ground, and the term as pre
mier which began so auspiciously
seems destined to prove an anti-cli
max. Yet if he had retired last No
vember, worse confusion than that
now prevailing might have followed.
No other leader was in sight who
could have obtained a majority, for
Asqulth was utterly discredited and
when all the drift was toward radical
ism, a unionist cabinet was imposst
ble. Lloyd George may prove to be
the martyr of the reconstruction
period, as he was the hero of the war
period. .
Th tim Is coming- nearer and nearer
when Mr. Carranza will clean house down
In Mexico, or have it cleaned for him. What
go on in Mexico that concerns it and it
people alone is, by and large, of concern to
that country alone. What sort of a gov
ernment It may have and maintain Is for
its own people to say.
But American lives Bhould b safe In Mex
ico. American property should be rHpctd.
There should be in Mexico a government suf
ficiently stable to- control bandit on the
American border. . . .
Carranza has been told by the American
government that he must control th situa
tion. No better advice could be given him.
Portland Journal.
Two or three reflections are pro
voked by County Commissioner Hoyt
elaborate defense of the practice of
supplying oil. gasoline and tires to
the commissioners and other publi
officers for their personally-owned
automobiles, on the understand:!!
that the "principal use" of the cars
shall be in the public service.
No doubt all the commissioner say;
about the necessity and propriety of
frequent trips to various parts of the
county is correct. No doubt the busi
ness of Multnomah is large, and calls
for constant, intelligent and anxious
supervision and direction by the com
missioners. No doubt the commis
sioners are not too well . paid. N
doubt they mean well. But no doubt,
also, the practice which, the commis
sioner and his fellow commissioners
have adopted and defiantly and ag
gressively pursue is unbusinesslike,
open to grave objections, subject to
the suspicion of frequent and constan
abuses, and in principle utterly wrong.
We do not at all seek to pass on the
position of its legality. Perhaps, and
even probably, it is legal. It is for
the courts to determiner
Commissioner Holman diverts
county automobile from the public
service to his private use, sending cer
tain supplies to his farm in Clackamas
county. He pays for . it by check, and
It is excused on the ground that the
county is fully compensated. If that
is so, the commissioner may dedicate
any other public property or agency
to his own use. and pay for It in
money, determining himself of course
what the service is worth. If he may
thus favor himself, why may he not
also favor others? Or if he declines
a favor others, why does he decline?
Has not every citizen exactly the same
right to use county property as a com
missioner, in his private capacity,
which is no right at all?
Let us get this thing straight The
county commissioners should not use
public property for private benefit.
nd the county of Multnomah should
not use private automobiles for the
public service, except on terms and
conditions officially and explicitly
determined ani arranged, and with
ue compensation. If automobiles are
to be hired, it should be by the hour
or by the day, and the county should
pay "at a fixed rate. W hy is there a
controversy about a rule of service so
elemental? A child may understand
the right and wrong of it.
The reception accorded to Premier
Lloyd George's speech closing the busi-
ess of the British parliament is not
the kind which usually greets a
popular minister. He had nothing but
rouble to tell of. and the people are
not in a state of mind to hear such a
story patiently, for they are passing
through the nervous reaction which
follows the excitement of war and
ictory. Their troubles give victory
the taste of Dead Sea fruit.
There is a strain of resentment
against Lloyd George which is not
easy to explain, in view of his having
brought his country triumphantly out
of the muddle which Asquith made of
the war. It may be due to his having
sed the prestige of victory to secure
is return to power before tne excite
ment had cooled. That is the view
hich many take of the election last
December, when he secured an un
precedented majority and reduced
the old liberal party to a mere rem
nant. They felt like the girl who has
been rescued from drowning, who mis
takes gratitude for love and marries
her rescuer, only to feel afterward
that he has taken an unfair advantnge
of her -confused emotions. This feel
ing rises to anger when no end of
trouble follows, though it is not of
the rescuer's making.. . .
Th! enormous adverse balance of
trade was unavoidable, in view of the
famine of ships and the shrunken
bnylnsj powervof therest of the world.
The labor troubles are only part of a
general reaction from war and of the
passions and hoses which it has
aroused. These troubles hit Britain
hardest because i is a great workshop
in which raw material from all- na
tions is gathered, manufactured and
shipped out again in finished shape.
Such a country suffers most severely
when the machinery of commerce
breaks down. The transportation and
mining industries had to be reorgan
ized from the ground up. and the ne
cessity of satisfying labor was so im
perative that the concessions in reply
to the coal miners' demands for na
tionalization may have been the least
practicable In order to keep industry
moving. When affairs get into a tan
gle, and disorganization ensues. It is
customary to hold the government re-
Ominous words. Ominous, indeed,
but in what respect does the present
situation In Mexico differ from that
in 1916?
In March, three years ago, the
American punitive expedition against
Villa started on its fruitless way. The
same newspaper that now suggests
that we may have to clean house for
Mexico found specious reason then in
the policies of Lincoln, Grant and
Taft why we should not clean house
for Mexico. Every newspaper that
suggested forcible restoration of or
aeny government m Mexico was
termed a Jingo. Villa was declared
to be in the pay of American annexa
tionists and it was sarcastically sug
gested that Theodore Roosevelt head
an expedition of jingo editors to pacify
the country.
There was also this choice bit
printed by the Portland newspaper:
And when it comes to "cleaning un" Mex
ico, some honest friends might tell us to
look to our home premises first. There is
plenty of cleaning up for the United States
to do without crossing the Mexican border.
The bible says that the man who fails to
care for his own household 1 worse than
an Infidel. The text is a good one to think
upon Juut now.
From this one may infer that in
three years the United States has be
come immaculate, and that when one
is a citizen of an immaculate country
it is no longer jingoism honestly to
resent outrages against fellow citi
zens in another land. But the stronger
inference is that When a democratic
president is for watchful waiting, the
democratic press is for watchful wait
ing: but when a democratic president
hints at cleaning up Mexico because of
similar conditions and no worse, the
democratic press conveniently sees the
justice of the movement.
a summer climate approaching that of
Winnipeg, where the long winters are
too inclement for work out of doors,
combined with a winter climate like
that of New Mexico, where the sun in
summer bakes everything that it
shines upon?
Of course there are other advan
tages to be derived from a climate
such as ours. The scientist of the
weather bureau is chiefly interested
for the moment in the commercial as
pect. This, as he shows, is very real.
It is something that our bridge build
ers need to make less allowance for
wind stress and expansion, though
probably this is not a large item in
cost) and that our drainage problems
are simplified by absence of sudden
floods; and it is exceedingly worth
while that the fire hazard is reduced
by the faft that the water supply
never freezes and that we do not over
heat our stoves. These are added
items in the account. The factor less
easy to appraise, the Joy and comfort
of living, alto figures largely in the
total of our climatic advantages.
By the way, we wonder how many
Portlanders know that the average
annual rainfall is 45 Inches, and that
the mean annual temperature is 52
degrees? This is the showing of the
figures of the weather bureau cover
ing nearly fifty years. The actual fact
as to rainfall is particularly interest
ing. It can be advantageously used
to refute the mistaken impression,
widely prevalent in some localities,
that Portland people have web feet.
Stars and Starmakers.
By Leone Cass Baer.
Speaking of actors; strikes, I wish a
lot of actors I have to see would go on
on a perpetual strike and never be reinstated.
William Pester, an erratic char
acter who has quit a western desert to
go to New York to teach people how
to live on $5 a week, is proving
nothing worth while by his demon
stration that his appetite is satisfied
with four plums for breakfast.
handful of nuts for luncheon and
roll or two for dinner. There have
been a few men in every generation
who could keep their health on almost
a famine ration, but normal people
want a normal diet, combining the
best of fish, flesh and fowl, with
fruits and vegetables and pie and
pudding and the rest of the trim
mings. We are not yet ready to abol
ish the dining table and eat our meals
from a paper bag, although from
present appearances it may come to
that. Still, Fester helps to remind us
that at a pinch we can live on less
than' we now consume, and we may
be compelled to follow his example if
people keep on quitting the funda
mental industries for the relatively
non-producing ones. .
Wearing a life belt, or wings or a
buoy of some kind will make a poor
swimmer appear ridiculous, but it
beats drowning every time. The good
swimmer needs no equipment, though
there have been times of fatal termi
nation that would have been pre
vented. While deep holes exist in un
expected places, young people will
step into them. There is good advice
in the rhyme of the mother of the
darling daughter who wanted to swim
but must not go near the water. The
old lady knew best, as she always
Weather Observer Wells follows In
the track of Professor Ellsworth
Huntington and others in pointing out
that climate as an asset is not the joke
that the vaudevillians and professional
funny men would make it appear to
be. It is true that one may put too
much water in his stock when he
capitalfzes climate; Indeed this is
sometimes done by the proprietors of
summer and winter resorts, and there
are folks who are so busy boasting
of the climatic advantages of their
section that they have time for noth
ing else. But the principle has been
proved to be sound when properly ap
plied. This is where Portland, and
Oregon, and the northwest invite com
parison with every other city and state
and region in the world.
As Mr. Wells points out, "locally
Portland is fortunate in possessing a
climate that Is comfortable all the
ear." But it is not too "comfortable"
in the sense that one is never con
scious of it, or never has occasion to
yude to the weather in conversation,
enjoys no breaks in what would
grow to be unsurierable monotony.
Authorities on the subject a grew that
the climate which most Incites to en
deavor is one whose graph shows an
occasional sharp curve. Even heaven
would cloy upon us if we had too
much of it. It is the pleasing aver-
ge that counts. We have, as Mr.
Wells' own records will show, an idea.
mean" temperature, winter and sum
mer. But occasionally tne ther
mometer rises, or drops, as the case
may be, which is precisely as the pro
fessor of psychology would order it if
e had the making of the weather for
The optimum temperature for phy
sical work being around 60 to 65 de
grees, and for mental effort around
39 to 45 degrees, it follows that tho
ideal climate for physical and mental
progress is that- which oftenest ap
proximates these temperatures, pro-
Iding it Also furnishes the right de
gree of humidity, and suitable variety.
In winter," as Dr. Huntington says,
the dampest days are unmistakably
the times of greatest efficiency." So
we are doubly fortunate in having
relatively low Jiumidity In sum
mer, when humidity . means dis
comfort, and a high humidity in
winter, when , it aids in getting
results.?. But there will be here a les
son to householders, who not con
tented with nature's way to attempt to
reverse the rule in winter in the heat
ing of their houses. They should add
enough moisture in the heating pro
cess to preserve a semDiance oi tne
natural humidity outside. But here
Portland shows advantageously in the
climatic comparison. "A very little
moisture added in the heating pro
cess." as Mr. Wells observes, "will
render the air amply moist."
We have no prolonged high winds,
to fray our nerves to a ragged edge
and increase our suicide rate. Our
death rate is kept well within bounds
by absence of the conditions of ex
treme altitude, extreme heat, extreme
cold and winds which aggravate cer
tain diseases. Our health, as well as
our working efficiency must inevitably
be favorably affected by greater op
portunities lor recreation furnished by
a climate with a maximum number
of days fit for exercise in the "open
air." Indeed, this same condition in
vites greater production' in all the out
door employments. Commonly the
climate which permits outdoor work
all winter is too hot iri summer. But
what could be more nearly ideal than
The discovery that W. G. McAdoo
scrambled the railroads to such an
extent as to render their return to
their owners difficult, if not impos
sible, supports the belief that his pur
pose was to render government own
ership certain. If the war had con
tinued another year, he might have
succeeded, and his proposal of a five
year continuance of government
operation probably had that end in
At last the coast and geodetic sur
vey has got its maps up to date as to
the Columbia river channel, but con
stant sleuthing by Representative Mc
Arthur and Harbormaster Speier will
be necessary to - keep them so. The
reason is tha the map-makers have
oeen getting ineir lnrorroauon aDout
the Columbia river from Puget sound,
and old habits are hard to break.
A New Tork exchange says ,hat a
man eating at a restaurant the other
night found a hairbrush in his con
somme and called the waiter. "Walter,"
he said, "look at the hairbrush I found
in my soup." "Gee," said the waiter,
"show it to the chef. He's been look
ing for ' it all day."
Speaking of married people and
strikes I just read of a couple of ac
tors, one of .whom is on a strike and
one (of whom) isn't. Wonder what they
find to talk about when they're home.
Charles Compton has forsaken must
cal comedy and is to appear in a dra
matic production this fall.
Rita Olcott, who is Mrs. Chauncey
Olcott, has written a play called "Lus
more." It is to be presented at the
Henry Miller in early September.
Alexander is wanted by Klaw & Er-
langer for a tour of the east. Alexan
der has been his own manager so long
he isn't listening very attentively to
anything that sounds like some other
Robert Gleckler is playing leads in
Portland, Me., in stock. He used to
play leads in Portland, Or., in stock, at
the Baker.
Joseph Klaw, son of Marc Klaw, in
tends to be heard from in the produc
ing game this season. He has contract
ed for several plays to be produced
shortly. He will make no bid for pop
ularity with risque farces or problem
plays, he says, but will endeavor to
live up to the high mark set by bis
His Initial attraction will be "Double
Harness," a comedy by Edward A. Paul
ton and Maurice E. Marks. Rehearsals
start next week.
"The Flower of Cathay," a Chinese
comedy by Guy Bolton and P. G. Wode
house, will be produced by Comstock
& Gest next month.
A. H. Woods has signed a series of
contracts for the entire output for five
years with the following playwrights:
Bayard Veiller, Willard Mack, Wilson
Collison and Ralph E. Dyar.
Grace George will open at the Van-
derbilt theater in New York in a com
edy by Mark Reed, entitled "She Would
and She Did."
Those Who Come and Go.
Crane Wilbur, former picture star
and writer, now successful actor, will
be starred on Broadway next fall by
Arthur Hopkins. Hopkins became en
thusiastic over one of Wilbur's plays
ard immediately entered into negotia
tions with Ota Gygi, Wilbur's business
manager, for the services of Wilbur.
Wilbur accepted Hopkins' offer by
wire. He is now in Oakland, Cal
piaylng in stock as his own- manager
and using his own plays as vehicles.
Wilbur has already sold, through
Ota Gygi, five plays to five Broadway
When it comes to holding fairs Mai
heur county is' getting up to the min
ute, and the round-up that is -scheduled
to" come off at Ontario not so many
days from now is going to have an air
plane along with the buckaroos an
bulldoggers. This is the word that L.
J. Aker, attorney from the eastern Ore
gon town, brought to the Imperial yes
terday. Mr. Aker says business 1
booming and that Ontario Is soon to
start laying (160,000 worth of paving.
State highway surveyors are also
working on roads in the vicinity. Th
Warm Springs project will be finishe
up this fall and will furnish water for
over 40,000 acres of new land, besides
forming a permanent supply for that
already under ditches. "We had a good
crop this year," said the attorney, "an
it's bringing big prices. Ontario's
good place to live in."
Besides liking fish In streams. Dr.
J. H. Barr of Marysville, Cal., thinks
thousands of them in ponds would b
something worth while eeemg, so h
is anticipating with great eagerness
visit to 'he state fish hatchery at Bon
neville. Dr. Barr, accompanied by his
wife, son and daughter, motored in' to
the Multnomah yesterday after a rough
trip. They found the roads extremely
bad between Crescent City and Grant
Pass and from Grants Pass to Drain
Crews, however, are now at work an
the motorists believe they will repHi
some of the worst spots soon. Dr.
Barr is going to take his time going
back, and will drive up the Columbia
highway to The Dalles and return to
California through Bend and Klamath
A private little victory celebration
in the form of a complete circuit of
the United States is being enjoyed Dy
Mr. and Mrs. Horace Reed and their
three sons, John Horace and Carl, who
were at the Multnomah yesterday. They
are from Buffalo, N. Y., not far from
Niagara Falls, but curiosity led them
up the Columbia highway yesterday to
see some other varieties of scenery and
compare it with the wonder of their
own state. Mr. Reed is in tne mno
erranh business. His two older sons
were at the front during the war and
the tour was arranged to commemorate
their safe return. The family came
west on the Canadian Pacific and went
Into the interior of Alaska. They left
last night for California.
W. E. St, John of Sutherlin lost one
of the titles he has been privileged to
sign after his name yesterday when
he disposed of the Sutherlin Light 4:
Power company plant to John B. ieon,
William Pullman and others of this
city. Mr. St. John was at the Imperial
to arrange the deal and to attend the
Ad club luncheon as delegate from the
State Fruit Growers' association, of
which he is vice-president. He is one
of the Douglas county commissioners
and has a large fruit farm, raising ap
pies, pears and prunes. The crop this
year is very line in quality ana rruit
will be plentiful, he says. Mr. St. John
was president of the power company
he has just sold.
Portland - platform men are level
headed fellows. They reject the award
of slight increase, but decide to con
tinue on the job and await develop
ments. It's an axiom that all .things
come to the man who waits, and cer
tainly these "boys", are waiting like
A young man who committed sui
cide in San Francisco left word that
he was "just tired," tired of eating,
getting up and living generally. There
are lots more like him, only they do
not go out that way. Possibly what
they need Is treatment for hookworm.
Adjutant-General Williams com
plains of the "crowd-ins" who would
travel eastward on Grand Army rates;
yet there is little reason why those
rates could not be extended to a gen
eral public that is not enough fortu
nate to possess a bronze button.
Banks is pot much more lhan a
crossroads, as towns go, in the north
ern part of Washington county, but its
citizens have the spirit to promote a
hog and dairy 'show, and there are
lots of places in Oregon that might
with profit emulate Banks.
Mexico says the American punitive
expedition did not get permission to
cross the border, which shows the
Greaser feeling toward the United
States. Forced to a show-down,
Mexico is good dog, but only while
we are looking.
There was a time when Prince
Charles of Roumania would have been
considered a freak for renouncing the
succession to 'the throne, but the act
is now taken as. evidence of sanity.
Although the daylight-saving law is
repealed, ther Is nothing to prevent
you from saving daylight. The only
difference is that you need no longer
make a liar of the clock. -
You cannot tell what a town is by
its name. A bank in Fossil wants to
double its capital and there's nothing
"fossil" to an institution of that class.
Commissioner Bigelow would , bet
ter look out, for the women are after
him, and the female of the species is
more deadly than the male.
If the United States should take
Yap, how about self-determination for
the Yappers?
Some deputy sheriff in eastern Ore
gon will get the fleeing convicts as
part of his job.
Farmers are compelled to kill their
thistles and why not the city lot
Next year the White House cook
will get up on real time.
William A. Brady announces that
'Little Women" will be presented for
the first time in England at Manches
ter October 6. It will be seen in Man
chester for a month, after which It will
tour the provinces before opening at a
leading London theater during the
Christmas holidays.
On September 13 Jessie Bonstelle,
who will stage the play for Mr. Brady,
will sail for England, accompanied by
several American actors who will be
seen in the principal roles in "Little
Tallulah Bankhead, daughter of Con
gressman' Bankhead of Alabama, is
playing the leading role in "39 East"
at the Maxine Elliott theater, New
York, having succeeded Constance Bin
ney, who was given a vacation.
If you notice any extra glad notes
or more vibrant harmonies than usual
in George Natanson's voice (at the Al
cazar theater) it is explainable. Mrs.
George Natanson and their 16-months-
old baby have arrived to spend several
Kings being Interviewed usta say
"my kingdom, or my realm." For
long time now they've been referring
to their abodes as "estates. Pretty
soon they may be saying "my rooming
house, and the cafeteria where I eat."
Only one other thing Is more tire
some than reading daily accounts of
the high cost of living, and that other
ore tiresome thing is the high cost
of living itself.
Madame Desireo Loubovska, the in
terpretative dancer, is to enact the
principal role in a noted French panto
mime next- season, following it wttn
appearances in concert and as solo
dancer with the leading eastern - orchestras.
Charles Compton, one of the favorite
musical comedy players on Broadway,
has deserted the musical stage and will
be a leading player in a new comedy.
which will be produced by John Cort.
Truck Growers Accused of Playing Re-
tall Against Wholesale Prices.
PORTLAND. Aug. 20. (To the Edi
tor.) The sellers on .the Yamhill pub
lin market are principally professional
gardeners.- The genuine farmers are
confined '"to the blocks between Third
and Fourtn "streets. . The latter bring
in a little drib of vegetables, but most
ly 'other, foodstuffs.
I farmed until recently, marketed my
berries-and produce on what is called
in the press, the Farmers.' Wholesale
market and I can see the eystem these
professional truck growers work. -i.
They take their load, or part of it,
to the early farmers' market, using the
high Yamhill street market prices as
a lever to extort a high wholesale price
and then sell on the public market at
a high price in order to keep the cycle
in operation.:' Thus those gentry have
the people of the city eating their pro
duce at a fancy price.
Last year was a very dry Season
and desirable vegetables were scarce.
but this year is favorable and every
thing grows abundantly, yet prices are
higher than ever.
If the growers had to dispose of all
their produce at the farmers' wholesale
market there would be an oversupply
there and prices to the peddler wagon
men would take a material drop and
prices would be lees to the housewives
all over the city. Allowing the pro
ducer to sell both wholesale and retail
allows him to play both ends of the
game to perfection.
WinnipeK has almost recovered from
the effects of its recent strike, accord
intr to B. J. Jeskell, who, with his wife
and daughter, is stopping at the Mult
nomah. He is making a tour or tne r-a
cif ic coast and while in Portland went
up the Columbia highway. Mr. Jeskell
doesn't think much of high prices here
after what he has seen of them in Win
nipeg. "The price of commodities was
boosted sky high by the tie-up, ne
said yesterday. "Our fruits and vege
tables had to be brought all the way
from California. The late war, how
ever, has educated our people in the
art of raising their own vegetables in
stead cf directing their attention en
tirely to wheat and other cereals."
It took tremendous effort on the part
of Albert E. Parker to coax his auto
mobile to travel over the rough roads
from Seattle to Portland and now that
he has it here the problem is to get it
home in safety again. Mr. Parker vows
he won't attempt to return over the
same route, but will go around through
Spokane. He Is to be found at the Mult
nomah talking JJiesei engines wiin an
his friends who are interested in ship
ping, as he is engaged in the manufac
ture of them.
With the intention of maintaining
Pendleton's reputation for whoopin' 'er
up, five of the town's most prominent
citizens gathered at the Benson yester
day. In the party were Fred Lampkin,
publisher of the Tribune; Carl Cooley,
manager of Alexander's department
store; R. L. Crommelin, manager of the
flour mill; W. L. Thomposn, Pendleton
banker, and E. J. Burke, one of the
heavy wool producers of Umatilla
In Salem when you mention Oregon
guard they'll tell you to see Colonel A
T. Woolpert if you want to know any
thing about it, for when it comes down
to military affairs the colonel has them
to the dot. He was also active in the
reorganization of the O. N. G., and is
commanding officer for his district
Mr. Woolpert, who Was at the Imperial
yesterday morning, is one of the pro
prietors of the Central Pharmacy In his
home town.
Despite the fact that his business In-
terests are located at opposite sides of
the continent, H. W. Sibley of Roches
ter, N. Y., contrives to keep an eye on
all of them. With Mrs. Sibley and their
so i he was at the Portland a few hours
yesterday visiting, with friends. He is
the owner of two office buildings in
Rochester and has large timber inter
ests in Tillamook.
A real family tour is being enjoyed
by the Dickinsons, a party or eastern
ers at the Portland yesterday. Making
up the group, who are on the trip to
the coast, are D. C. Dickinson of Wil-
metto, 111., and Miss Helen nicKInson
of the same town, Mrs. J. H. Dickinson
of Montclalr, N. J Mrs. D. K. Dickin
son of Chicago and W. C. Dickinson of
Swarthmore, Pa.
In Other Days.
Twenty-five Years Ago.
Prom The Oregonlan of August 21, 1894.
Receiver McNeill of the Oregon Rail
road & Navigation company has sub
mitted a new scale for engineers to a
committee of employes, proposing in
creases from 13.75 to $3.90 and from
$3.85 to 1-4.05, and it is believed this
will be accepted.
George H, Sargeant, secretary of the
state board of horticulture, sighted a
half-grown bear galloping along the
ridge near his home on Willamette
Heights Sunday.
The Madison-street bridge, which
has - been closed for repairs, will be
thrown opes to the public again today.
' The head camp of the Woodmen of
the World spent yesterday in discuss-
ng constitutional amendments and
will end their session today.
Fifty Years Ago.
From The Oregonlan of August 21. 1869.
Trenton. Yesterday the National
School Teachers' association held its
meeting here, with 1000 male and fe
male ' teachers present.
A large sawmill is in process of con
struction at Cementville by owners of
the cement works.
The schooners Klaskanine and Ele-
nora are discharging at trie O. s. IV
wharf the first cargoes of stone for
the new United States building in this
Literature received here from San
Francisco urges the adoption by con
gress of the postal telegraph system,
the claim being that rates may event
ually he reduced to 2 cents for a 20-
word message sent anywhere in the
United States.
More Truth Than Poetry.
By James J. Montague.
When a town in the state of Kentucky
went dry
The officers emptied the whisky supply
In a swift little stream, and the fishes
Partook of the same with a welcoming
Next evening a person named Casey
pulled out
Of the murmuring waters a sizeable
He ate it that night, and to make the
tale short
Turned up with a tide in the morning
in court.
At least Mr. Casey was free to admit
That this was the way that he chanced
to be lit.
But the judge didn't think that the
story was true.
And neither, dear reader, will you!
The corn in a silo on Hennessy's place
Turned sour and "worked" (as is often
the case).
The cow ate the corn and the milk in
the nail
That evening was flavored somewhat
like Scotch ale.
When Hennessy drank some for supper.
with bread,
He found that it suddenly went to his
So he cranked up his flivver and.
scorching through town,
Ran a couple of sheep and a constable
At all events, this was' the gist of his
But the sheriff was sure that the yarn
was a lie.
And so, gentle reader, am II
An apple tree grew on a brewery site
And burgeoned and fruited, and one
autumn nieht
The Peterson kid, who was wandering .
Took some of the apples down home
for a pie.
ext morning the Petersons number-
Catne issuing .forth in a wavering line,
Their voices upraised as they sang to
the moon,
clamorous accents a loud Swedish
And when sundry neighbors had ques
tioned them wv
They acted hhat way, they replied "Ap
ple pie.
But the stall didn t go in the town
' worth a cuss,
Nor will it, dear reader, with us!
The Only Thing Lacking.
The railroad employes who are going
to operate the lines themselves will, of
course, divide the profits. All they need
-now is'somebody to divide the losses.
True to Form. .
The German officers who are com
mitting suicide are merely proving
their loyalty to a 'Vaterland which
committed suicide before them.
Perhaps if we waited awhile we
would discover that the Chinese want
ed something in China also.
The Standard.
By Grace E. Hall.
Ordinary stoves don't concern Frans
S. Lang of Seattle, but he Is a regular
enthusiast over the kind that hotels
generally purchase, on which you can
cook enough food for an army. Mr.
Lang is staying at the Portland while
looking over the branch store his com
pany has here.
Both the city of Newberg and one
of its principal hardware stores had
to get along without tnelr cnier ex
ecutive yesterday while George Larkin
was in town chinning with 'friends
around the lobby of the Imperial. rr.
Larkin is mayor of the Yamnm county
Mrs. Edward W. Colesof Haines,
who is at the Imperial witff Mrs. N. A
Maxwell, was joined yesterday by her
husband. They will remain in the city
several days while Mr. , Coles attends
to the disposal of a quantity or stock
he brought In from his eastern Oregon
Brigham City wasn't populated by
Brigham Young, even if it is near
Salt Lake City. The fact of the matter
is the former town is headquarters for
an enormous copper camp.. It is also
the place from which Veda Hunsaker,
who passed the night at the Benson,
"Next to being famous for the manu
facture of Indian blankets and as the
site for the Round-up, Pendleton can
claim renown as being the home of Lee
Moorhouse, who registered at the Per
kins yesterday. Mr. Moorhouse stepped
into the limelight in the days when he
was agent on the Umatilla Indian reservation.
Whate'er its worth to you this shall
The value of a thing; naught else
shall count,
Nor cause you to esteem it, since beside
Its charm your own desire first must
mount- v
To point which lures you on to seek
and hold
The price, of your desire you pay in
You read a famous book; it measures
According to your trend; you speak
in praise;
Another shall perhaps Ignore, decry
Or even storm of criticism raise;
But Inasmuch: as it appeals to you.
Shall you ascribe- a value that seems
true. - '
Each seems for his own self to scan
.-.'"' and reach
Those elements In life that he can
Beyond his mental caliber none teach
Nor touch a man; thus they in turn
- refuse
To hold as things of worth the craft,
the art.
To which their brain Is dumb In whole
or part.
And thus in loving, too, we ever cling
To that which brings us Joy; the vital
Is not the charm nor grace that we
But rather that 'they always satisfy!
'Tis idle. quite to argue and discuss
We value most what means the most
to Us!
Kew Flags For OH,
PORTLAND. Aug. 20. (To the Edi
tor.) A motion passed by the Daugh
ters of the Revolution requested the
chairman of the committee on preven
tion of desecration of the flag to com-
unicate with the Portland papers and
reouest them to urge people flying or
displaying flags to remove those that
become tattered or worn out, substitut
ing new ones. Our interest Is to keep
active a due and proper respect for
the national colors.
Dad Takes Charge.
Louisville Courier Journal.
"The store is 21 years old today, dad.
We're out of short pants." "Order some
immediately, son. That's no way to
run a store."