Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, August 16, 1919, Image 1

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    VOL. LVIII NO. 18.Z'2
Kntred t Portland (Oregon)
PnMoffie ft SVcond-Clays Matter.
Steadying Hand Needed,
Congress Told.
Pact to Be Reported Out
by Committee.
AUimNlolnAIIUIl lO HUrtfUL!
f-M 1 Caac Droeirlont lc !
Silent on Reservations.
Alison Sajs German; Would Haie
to Paes on Amcn-Jmcnts; Senate
Situation Is flcarer.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 15. Senator
Hitchcock. Nebraska, ranking democrat
of the foreign relations committee, told
President Wilson today he believed the
peace treaty would be reported out by
th committee within ten days or
w ceks.
.,rnr w,i.-h,n.k said he did not
discuss reservations with the president.
He indicated that the position of the
.mini.tniinn forces was that no
bndires would be crossed until they
were reached after the treaty had been
brought into the senate.
The Nebraska senator save the presi
dent very optimistic report, he said,
after leaving the White House. He
would not co into details concerning
hi talk with the president.
tw. administration forces are not
now disturbed about possible reserva
tions, said Mr. Hiteheock. adding,
will cross that brsuge when we
to It"
The thing now Is to pet the treaty
reported as quickly as possible. The
fiffhl in the committee is on textual
amendments. It may be reported with
some amendments and then they will
be voted down in the Senate one after
another, in my opinion."
Textaal Chancre "Impomiihle.
Senator Hitchcock said the president
look the position that textual changes
t-.the treaty "absolutely i.upos-
..hl '- and cannot be accepted, as it
would rrsean the amendments ' w ould
have to be acceptable to Germany and
the treaty could not be forced on Ger
many by military action. The same
rondition. he said, does not exist now,
Germany having ratified ti treaty that
existed when she was shown the place
to sign and forced to do so. Such a
situation in the view of the presi
dent, the senator said, would give tier
many the rfielay she failed to get at
Paris in order to present her case to
the world and would likely mean the
negotiation of a new treaty, entailing
possibly years' delay.
Jn reply to questions concerning
whether or not any reservations made
by the senate would have to be ap
proved by Germany and the allies he
decltnrd to enter Into that phase.
4( Deaaorrata tousled .
The prese.nt concern of administra
tion senators Is said to center on get
ting the treaty out of committee. The
democratic leaders count on at least 4 4
of their own party in the ratification
fight. It takes 64 voles to ratify the
Chairman Lodge is understood to be
in sympathy with the move for early
action by the committee, and it is
thought examination of witnesses next
week may be hastened and no more
Much Interest was manifest in the
set of reservations shown to the sen
ators by Mr. Lodge. It was suid he
did not aggres.-iely advocate their
adoption but merely asked the opinion
f several senators. It is understood
they differ in phraseology from those
drafted by the seven senators under
the lead of Senator McNary. republican,
Oregon, but that some of the seven
nere raoetly favorably impressed by
tatlre (.roup May He Adopted.
It was suggested as one possibility
that the entire reservation group
might eventually substitute the reser
vations framed by the republican lead
er for the McNary draft.
One of the many conferences of the
day was held late this afternoon at
Mr. Loifge's office, and Senator Mc
Nary was present. It was said to be
the first time the two had gone over
at length the reservation question.
Afterward neither had any announce
ment to make. Senator Hitchcock also
talked with Senaor McNary before go
ing to the White House and during the
day t-everal republican members of the
foreign relations committee went over
the ground of the senate situation.
The original McNaiy draft contains
provisions designed to protect the Mon
roe doctrine, injuring domestic deci
sion of domestic questions, amplifying
-the withdrawal clause, and reserving
the right of congress to decide ques
tions of peace and war under article
Early Agreement K peeled.
The possibility of a breaking up of
the whole senate situation was evi
denced by the fact that negotiations
between democrats and republicans to
day were of a far more direct charac
ter than those which have been in
progress during the past few days.
Senator Hitchcock told the commit
tee seve-al daw ago that unless there
was some prospect of an early report,
independent action on the floor of the
senate fright be expected. In this
stand he is understood to expect the
dun i i d vn fas?
Trouble Affects Umbrella-Makers,
Actors, Many Other Lines; Now
Builders May Quit.
NEW YORK. Aug- 15. Mora Indus-
: tri.. arf affected bv strikes now coins
I on or threatened in this city than ever
before in the history of labor unions,
according to figures compiled by labor
leaders and made public today.
Besides the actors and railroad shop-
men. those now on strike In New York
Include painters, plasterers, machinists.
I carpenters, shopmen of
the Brooklyn
Uas company, cigar mnivcie.
brass workers, shirt makers, furriers.
brass bed makers, umbrella makers and
art lamp workers.
A nation-wide building strike, tak
ine 1.500.000 men out -of work, was
threatened in a statement issued yes
terdav bv i'7 international heads of
labor unions. The trouble is the out'
growth of charges that building con
tractors employ nonunion labor.
Imports, Legal and Illegal, Show In
crease at New York.
NEW YORK. Aug. 15. Scores of
almost priceless jewels which have
been worn In the courts of Europe for
fenerations, are streaming daily into
this city, and the staff of the collector
of port of New York has been enlarged
to meet increased activities of jewel
smugglers, it was learned today. Im
poverished European nobles have sold
heirlooms and jewels in great quanti
ties, it was said, and although the
lesal imports of such articles recently
have been larger than at any time
since the war began, the customs serv
ice has been keyed to its utmost to
detect smuggling.
Russia is contributing more than
any other country to the jewelry being
brought here, it was stated.
Wireless Talk Can Be Carried On
With Ships at San Francisco.
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 15. Wireless
telephone mechanisms which will per
mit San Franciscans to talk to ships
of the Pacific fleet in the harbor
through their ordinary desk or wall
telephones, were being set up by the
navy department at the Goat Island
radio station here today. To get the
connection it will only be necessary
to call up the iadio station ani then
ask for the ship and person desired.
The connection will be made by the
It can be made whether the ship is
anchored or in motion.
.Mc.Nary Bill Would Appropriate
$20,000,000 for Reclamation.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 15. Under a bill
Introduced today by Senator McNary.
republican. Orcpon. the government
would be authorized to acquire and re
claim swamp, cut-over, arid and semi
arid lands for sale to soldiers, sailors,
marine or war workers "without re
gard to sex," frtr agricultural pur
poses. An appropriation of 1250, 00. ft") Is
Persons About 65 Making Less Than
$6 Would Get SI a Week.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 15. Plans for
old-age pensions for persons more than
65 years of age were proposed in a bill
introduced today by Senator McNary,
republican, Oregon, and referred to the
pension committee.
Under its provisions persons with in
comes ox not more than 36 a week
would receive a weekly pension of $4.
I'KAR I THK onK(iOll,
Stellar figure in the cast of the
great war, it was to Ludendorff
that the central powers turned in
the trial of battle. Born of the
common people, he rose to a mili
tary prestige so huge that the
orders of emperors were disre
garded if his judgment dictated.
General Ludendorffs own story,
his views of the tremendous
strategy of the war, of its po
litical effects, of the moves that
were checkmated, of the very
heart of the German hope itself.
Is to appear serially in The Ore
gonian. beginning September 7.
Bold as a fighting man and di
rector of momentous and terrible
campaigns, so is Ludendorff as a
teller of tales. He minces no
words. He hews to the root of
the matter as though his pen
were a sword. Personages are
naught to him. It they merit
credit In his estimation, they are
accorded It. If their records ex
cite his condemnation, he flays
without pity.
The story of Ludendorff is by
long odds the greatest new-spapcr
serial of the war and its after
math. It Is Germany's own story,
told by her foremost military ser
vitor, in a trenchant style.
Though it is no wail of the
defeated, the Teutonic military
expert, from the standpoint of a
German militarist, tells why,
when and how the cause of the
central powers was Irretrievably
Federal Attorneys to As
sist in Seizures.
Shipments of Foods Made to
Violate Law, Is Charge.
Forty Warrant Issued by State to
Be Followed by Arrests; Eg-gs
Seized In Detroit.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 13. Close co
operation between state authorities,
who possess detailed information of
food and price conditions, and the at
torney-general and his staff of assist
ants, empowered to enforce the food
control law, is being established as
part of the government's fight to re
duce the cost of living.
Instructions went out today from
Attorney-General Palmer to two dis
tr,Ict attorneys In Ohio to proceed im
mediately to assist Governor Cox in the
seizure in large quantities of meat, but
ter and eggs alleged to have. been held
in storage in that state for more than
six to ten months, the legal limit.
Criminal prosecutions will be insti
tuted, it was said, if it can be shown
that the foods were held from the mar
ket for the purpose of boosting prices.
Officials here were inclined to think
that the long period of storage indi
cated some other reason than an ef
fort to spread the abundant supplies of
producing season over the lean part
of the year.
Transfers t Be Punished.
Acting on a telegram late today from
Governor Cox saying that a Cleveland
concern in order to escape possible
prosecution for hoarding was moving
its meat products to w-arehouses in
Chicago and destroying its records, the
department of justice ordered the dis
trict attorney at Cleveland to look Into
the matter Immediately. ."All attempts
to effect transfer of goods in storage,
officials said, would be summarily
dealt with.
Seizure ot large stocks of foodstuffs
in storage continued today with re
ports received of libels filed in Cleve
land and Detroit and preparations for
such action in many cities. The de
partment was informed tonight that
the distrirt attorney at Detroit had
filed libels in three cases and seized
approximately 10.460,000 eggs and 300,
000 pounds of butter, all of which had
been held in storage for some time,
Statistics announced by the bureau
IConlinued on Pa(t J, Column l.
: -
a -
There Is Nothing Penurious About
State We Would Have Paid It
Thrice," Is Declaration.
SEATTLE, Aug. 15. (Special.)
"United we'll ride in high-priced cars,
divided we will have to ride in fliv
vers. There is, nothing penurious about
Oregon. We would have paid it had the
amount been twice what it is yes.
e,ven three times."
So declared the members of the ex
ecutive committee of the Oregon State
Editorial association today as they
drew a bank draft for 6 cents to send
to the Chicago Tribune as a tender to
Henry Ford for the 'nominal award
made him by the jury in his suit for
"We realize the dangers of news
paper publication as well as anyone in
the world can," said C. E. Ingalls, pres
ident of the editorial association. "With
the necessity of producing reading
matter for people who think that the
war for independence was fought in
1812 and think that the history we
write is bunk, we have enough on our
minds without expecting some of these
intellectuals to fall on us for' anything
from 6 cents up to a million dollars."
The Oregon .editors are attending the
National Editorial association conven
tion here. "
Other Oregonians who helped to raise
the "pot" for the Tribune were Lloyd
Riches, secretary of the Oregon State
Editorial association; S. C. Mortqn,
president of the Oregon newspaper
conference, and John E. Gratke and E.
E. Brodie, members of the conference
executive committee.
. M. Delmas Even Escaped From
German Prison in War.
OLTMPIA, Wash., Aug. 15. Extradi
tion papers have been issued to .bring
D. M. Delmas, former British soldier,
back from Texas to face a charge of
jail breaking in Grays Harbor County,
Washington. Delmas, who claims he
won the Victoria cross during the war.
recently was arrested in Seattle and
sent to Texas to face another jail
breaking charge. Late advices said he
was pardoned by the governor of Tex
as on account of his notable war rec
ord. Police say Delmas has a record in
making escapes from jail. Delmas said
he escaped from a German prison cimp
during the war. : v
Canta Cruz Writes Policy on Mis
haps During Fleet Visit.
SANTA CRUZ, Cal., Aug. 15. A
blanket indemnity policy with Lloyd's
of London to protect the city against
damage suit losses as the result of any
accidents while the Pacific fleet is
visiting )ere was taken out by the
mayor and city council nere today. A
500 premium was paid.
The city is protected up to $10,000 in
uits for damages filed by a single
Warfield Scheme Supported
by Security Owners.
Relief Denied by Commerce Board;
End of Basis for Warfare .
With Shippers Wanted.
WASHINGTON. Aug. 15. Advocates
of the Warfield plan for reorganization
of the railroads on a basis that would
pay holders of stock a flat minimum
return of 6 per cent closed their case
today before the house Interstate com
merce committee.
F'orney Johnston of advisory counsel
of the National Association of Owners
of Railroad Securities, sponsor of the
plan, and Samuel H. Beach, president
of the Savings Banks' Association of
New York, discussed its provisions at
an all-day session of the committee.
Both declared the plan could be made
effective with the return of the roads
to private management without dis
turbing business conditions. Mr. John
ston said a steadying hand must be
extended to the railroads after the
period of government control if
foundation for American prosperity
was to be built.
Half of Population Involved.
In denying the more or less popular
belief that railroad securities were
owned largely by wealthy people, Mr.
Beach asserted that half the people of
this country were concerned directly
in the welfare of the roads and de
manded a law that would afford reason
able compensation on invested capital
The committee has not yet reached
the top of the hill in its big task of
hearing proponents of all plans an
of reporting out a. bill. Beginning next
week, representatives of the railway
executives' advisory committee will be
heard, along with other witness who
want to see the roads turned back
the end of the year, on the same basi
as heretofore, except with added regu
lations as provided in the bill by Chair
man Esch.
"If congress does not take courage
ous and constructive action now," said
Mr. Johnston, appearing in behalf of
the "Warfield 6 per cent return plan
"the progress of a generation toward a
well-regulated system of privately
owned and operated railway transpor
tation will be destroyed and the 66th
(Concluded on Page 3. Column 3.)
Lee Benedict, Also of Portland, Is
With Victim When Rock at Feet
Gives Way; Body Found.
TACO.MA. Wash.. Aug. 15. Jack
.Meredith, 25 years old, of Portland,
Or., was killed last night when he
plunged from a ridge of Little Tahoma
peak on Mount Rainier and fell about
60 feet.
Meredith was a member of the Ma
zarna club of Portland, a mountain.
climbing organization -which was en
camped on Mazama ridge. In com
pany with Lee Benedict, also of Port
land, Meredith set out to climb the
peak early in the evening. While
standing on a ridge the rock gave way
beneath him and Meredith plunged
from sight. A searching party several
hours later found the body in a ravine.
Jack Meredith was the son of Mr.
and Mrs. C. M. Meredith, 735 Hillsboro
street. Up to a late hour last night
Mr. Meredith had had no direct news
of the tragedy. He said, however, that
he had received a letter from Jack
yesterday morning in which his son
spoke of the enjoyment of the trip.
The young man's mother and sister
are down at Seaside.
nouse Investigating Committee Will
Start West Tonight.
ington, Aug. 15. The special nouse
committee which is Investigating the
shipping board activities is expected
to leave tomorrow night for the Pacific
coast, where it is understood examina
tions will be made of all the shipbuild
ing plants at Portland, Seattle, Tacoma,
Vancouver and other cities.
There are five members of the com
mittee, of which Representative Walsh
of Massachusetts is chairman. The
onlji Pacific coast member is Represen
tative Hadley of Washington.
Not More Than $50 for Plaintiff, in
Million-Dollar Case.
MOUNT CLEMENS. Mich., Aug. 15.
The amount of costs that Henry Ford
may receive from ' the Chicago Daily
Tribune in addition to the 6 cents dam
ages awarded him last night by a jury
which heard his libel suit will not ex
ceed $50.
Under the law. where nominal dam
ages are awarded not more than J50
costs may be assessed against the los
ing party. Some' held that in cases
where damages awarded amount to less
than toO, costs collectable may not ex
ceed the judgment awarded. In this
event Mr. Ford could demand only 6
cents costs from the Tribune.
Army Flyer and Newspaper Reporter
Victims at Paducah, Ky.
PADUCAH, Ky.. Aug. 15. Lieutenant
James Stewart of Park Field, Memphis,
and S. Reed Campbell, reporter em
ployed by the Commercial Appeal, were
killed when the army airplane in which
they were giving exhibition flights fell
near the Country club here tonight
The pilot was attempting to make a
third loop when he lost control of the
machine. Both bodies were horribly
Two Watchmen Overcome and Gold
Taken at Victor, Colo.
CRIPPLE CREEK. Colo., Aug. 15.
The Independent mill at Victor, Colo.,
one of the largest in this section of the
west, was robbed last night. The ban
dits overpowered two watchmen and
escaped v ith a quantity of gold con
The watchmen are in a hospital at
Victor. No estimate of the amount of
loot has been made.
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature 96
degrees; minimum, 53 degrees.
TODAY'S Pair and cooler; moderate winds.
becoming southerly.
Europe's sick man lies now on death bed.
Page 3.
Roumanians reach terms with sllies. Page 2.
Japanese premier promises to restore Shan
tung at earnest possible date, i'age 3.
Chicago packers accused of evading law to
gouge public, i'age i.
President vetoes daylight saving repeal for
second time, i'age
ecurity owners representative urges con
gress to nelp rallroaas. i'age a.
New York strikes break all records. Page 1.
Bailey democrats to give old party chance
to retain tneir loyalty, I'age A.
Pacific Northwest.
Elks eat elk at Klamath barbecue. Page 7.
Oregon editors send 6-cent draft to pay
Ford. Page L
Portland streetcar company asks new in
crease In city lares, i'age o.
Mrs. Roy B. Taylor clears husband of sus
picion ot inuraer. i'age it.
Commercial and Marine.
Dairy produce market weakened by price
gltatlon. i'age -i.
Withholding of corn by farmers strengthens
Chicago mantel, i'age :u.
Stock trading limited and price drift aim
less, i'age Zl.
West Harshaw to continue on to Italy with
wheat, i'age zz.
Portland business houses offered chance to
trade in uermany. i'age zz.
Pop" Geers has clean-up day at Grand Cir
cuit meeting, x-age j.
Amateur athletic union track meet to b
held at i'nuaaeipma September 13 and
14. . Page 12.
Local golfing interest centers on tourney
play at uearnari. i'age 13.
Pacific Coast league results: Portland 0,
Oakland 6; Los Angeles 5, Salt Lake 3.;
Sacramento. 4, San Francisco 0; Vernon fiw
Seattle 2. Page 13. I
Mrs. E. W. Freeman Victim
of Gas Pipe Murderer,
Son Finds Mother's Body otj
Returning From Work. ,
Crime Believed to Have Been Coin
milted In Forenoon Slayer
Leaves S'eiider Clews.
Her skull crushed by powerful blows
with a gas pipe and her body lying on
the kitchen floor of their home at 42
Fourth street, Mrs. F.unice W. Free
man, aged 68, former press represen
tative of the W. C. T. U. of Oregon,
was found dead at 5:45 yesterday after
noon by her son, Cecil Freeman, 21,
when he returned .from work at that
union station, where he is employed an
pass clerk.
The brutal murder had been commit
ted some time during the forenoon, it
the opinion of Coroner Earl Smith, who
took charge of the body.
That the probable motive of ths
crime was robbery is attested by the
fact that the murderer rifled Mrs. Free
man's purse, left on the top of the
bureau in her bedroom, of $40 in cur
rency, besides taking her gold watch
and a crescent pin, wrought in small
gold nuggets.
Neighbors Are Abaent.
The home of the Freemans is in a,
t-wo-family flat, an old residence at Halt
and Fourth streets, the upper floor
having been occupied by the murdered
woman and her son. The lower floor
Is tenanted by D. C. Shearer and family
The Shearers left home early yesterday
morning, and were absent until late in
the afternoon, a circumstance which
afforded the murderer opportunity to
enter the dwelling and perpetrate tha
crime without anyone hearing the at
tack. None of the other neighbors
along the street noticed anyone enter
the doorway which leads to the Free
man rooms.
Cecil Freeman bade his mother goodx
by yesterday morning and went to hisl
work at union station. He did not re
turn at noon, but lunched at the sta
tion, as is his custom. When he en
tered the flat at 5:45 o'clock yesterday
afternoon, he missed his mother'8
greeting in the living room, and sought
for her in the kitchen, where he sup
posed her to be busied with prepara
1 ions'j.r their dinner.
Son Fiuds Body.
He opened the door to see his moth
er's body prone upon the kitchen
floor, the linoleum dabbled with blood,
her head resting in a clotted pool, and
the blood-stained section of gas pipe
tossed aside near the form of the niur
dered woman.
Detectives Hellyer and Leonard of th
police bureau, with Dr. Harry Blair ot
the emergency hospital and Coroner
Smith were immediately summoned.
Both Dr. Blair and the coroner wera
agreed that the crime had been com
mitted early in the forenoon, probably
within an hour after the son had left
home. Mrs. Freeman's head had been,
repeatedly crushed with blows.
The murderer deliberately chose his
weapon in the Freeman flat, according
to the evidence discovered by the de
tectives. Murder Tool Is Picked.
Between the living room and ths
kitchen is a small pantry or buffet
In a niche to the right of this sat a
tool box filled with odds and ends ot
metal. Several sections of gas pipe,
identical with that utilised in the
crime, were in this box. The slayef
of Mrs. Freeman, entering the kitchen,
evidently paused and selected th dead
ly weapon with which he struck her
It is problematical whether the muri
der occurred before the thug had com
mitted the robbery, one theory being
that Mrs. Freeman may have returned.
from some errand to find him in th
rooms and that he struck her down to
avoid the consequences of his lesser
crime. But the trend of the evidence,
as Detectives Hellyer and Leonard see
it, is that the murderer entered the flat
openly, walked through the liv
ing-room and pantry to the kitchen.
where Mrs. Freeman was at work, andi
deliberately beat her to death, taking
his time at the robbery afterward.
If the latter theory is correct, ths)
detectives are inclined to believe that
the slayer of Mrs. Freeman was per
sonally know:-, to her, and that he en
tered the flat with the assurance ol!
one familiar with the premises, coni-
dent that his appearance would causa .
her no particular alarm. Then, accord-
ins to this hypothetical version, tha
slayer, familiar with the home, selected
the gas pipe, stepped into the kitchen
and killed the woman.
Mrs. Freeman lived alone with her
son Cecil, having separated from her
husband, F. P. Freeman, some years
ago. The latter is now at Richland,
Wash., where he is engaged In the nur
sery business. Another son, Koy it-
Freeman, is at Oakland, Cal., while a
daughter, Mrs. A. A. Griffin, resides
at Olympia, Wash. These relatives
were immediately notified by tto cor
oner. One theory of the crime to which,
there is a marked scarcity of clues id
(Concluded on Page 3, Column 3.)
m 108.0