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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL,. L.VIII. NO. 18,310
Entered at Portland Oregon
Postofflce as Second-Class Matter.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 2, 1919.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
CONGRESS STAYS TO
CUT HUE COSTS
Planned Recess of House
DAYLIGHT BILL AGAIN
IS BEFORE PRESIDENT
SEX ATE PASSES HOUSE MEAS
URE BY 41 -TO-12 VOTE.
DIES TO AVOID ARREST
SHIPS FOR PACIFIC
GIRL, MET ON SHIP,
WEDDED IN ALASKA
MISS EVELYN BROWN OF SALEM
IS CENTER OF ROMANCE.
FIERY HUN GENERAL!
PREDICTS HEW WAR
START BIG STRIKE
FORMER MAJOR SIIOOT'
WHILE WITH J"' o
I LLL I ML.IIUUIUI.L.U
WILSON SEES RAILWAY MEN
investigation of Prices
Well Under Way.
COST OF SHOES ATTACKED
House Committee Approves Bill to
Call for Inquiry by Federal
WASHINGTON-. Aug. 1. Develop
ments today in the efforts of the gov
ernment to reduce the high cost of
The house at the request of Presi
dent Wilson agreed to defer its planned
five weeks recess and consider de
mands of railroad employes for in
The senate again discussed increased
living costs, but postponed action on j
the Meyers resolution proposing reduc
tion in currency circulation.
The committee- of three, appointed
yesterday to consider means of reduc
ing living expenditures and report to
President Wilson and cabinet Monday,
be gan work.
Hallivav Men See President.
The national officers of the Brother
hood of Railway Conductors conferred
with President Wilson regarding in
creased wages and the cost of living.
The house interstate commerce com
mittee reported favorably a resolution
directing the federal trade commission
to investigate the increased price ot
Resolutions and bills designed to al
leviate conditions of living were intro
duced in both houses of congress.
Of the half-dozen important develop
ments, however,' the request of Presi
dent Wilson that the house forego its
recess, at least temporarily, to consider
wage requests o the railroad workers
or the country and to study economic
conditions was by far the most unex
pected. House Deeply Moved.
Alacrity with which the house com
plied with the request of the president
as taken as an indication of the deep
impression made on members of con
press by pleas for relief from all parts
of the country.
President Wilson, it was said at the
White House' today, had the subject of
economic conditions before him in a
variety of phases, in making his re
quest to the house, he said, that he ex
pected important recommendations
"within a fortnight" from his advisers
Shortly before the president ser.t this
request to the house, it was learned
that the conference of cabinet members
and other officials assembled yester
day by Attorney-General Palmer to
initiate measures for relieving the
average man from high prices would
reassemble Tuesday and would have a
new member in the person of Julius
Barnes, director of the United States
Wheat Problem to Come Up.
An invitation to him to attend was
interpreted today as meaning that seri
ous consideration would be given to
the proposal to sell wheat at the mar
ket price, allowing the government to
absorb the difference between that and
the $2.26 guaranteed the farmers. Sev
eral officials have expressed the opin
ion that a free market for wheat would
result. in declines in the price of flour
and would bring down other staples
.Director-General Hincs, Assistant
Secretary of the Treasury Leffinswell
and Chairman Colver of the federal
trade commission, appointed a special
committee by the conference, will re
port at the next meeting on the various
suggestions which have been advanced,
especially those to curb profiteering.
The department of justice is under
stood to be prepared to put the entire
law enforcing machinery of the gov
ernment back of any campaign that
may be decided upon to stop extortion
in the prices of necessaries.
A special committee to consider
means of reducing the high cost of
living was appointed at the meeting
yesterday of members of President Wil
son's cabinet with Attorney-General
Palmer. The committee will compile
suggestions thus far made and report
to the cabinet Monday when further
steps will be taken.
Sale of Wheat Suggested.
One suggestion made, Mr. Palmer
said, was that the government sell this
year's wheat crop at the market price,
to be determined by. the law of supply
and demand and make up the guaran
tee to the farmers out of the $1,000,000.
000 fund appropriated by congress.
Composing the special committee are
Director-General Hincs of the railroad
administration. Federal Trade Commis
sioner Colver and Assistant" Secretary
Leffingwell of the treasury department.
Mr. Palmer conferred with Secretary
Tumulty at the White House today and
said afterwards that the work of the
'committee would be to embody all sug
gestions into "a comprehensive pro
gramme, attacking the high cost of liv
ing all along the line, by way of the
law of enforcement and the law of sug
gestion." He added that natural causes
for high living costs were accelerated
iCoucludcd oa 1'ace o, Coluinu 3.)
Veto of Individual Act Is Expected
by Many Solons, as Former '
Rider AVas Hit.
WASHINGTON. D. C. Aug. 1. The
senate today aecided to have the pro
posal for repeal of the daylight saving
law anain run the gauntlet of Presi
dent Wilson's veto.
By a vote of 41 to 12 the senate
passed and sent to the president the
separate house bill repealing the day
light saving measure.
During brief discussion of the house
bill several senators predicted that the
measure, like the daylight repeal rider
on the agricultural appropriation bill,
would be vetoed by the president. The
separate house bill was passed June 18.
but action in the senate was suspended
until today, and in the interim the pres
ident vetoed the rider and the house
was unable to pass it over the veto.
The senate's action now places vir
tually similar repeal legislation again
before the president. The only differ
ence in the vetoed rider and the sepa
rate bill Is that the latter would not
interfere with standard zones of time.
Senators who voted today against the
new repeal measure were: Republicans
Calder, Colt. Elkins, Lodge, McN'ary,
Phipps and Sutherland. Democrats
Gerry, Phelan, Pittman, Thomas and
Many democrats joined with repub
licans in favor of the repeal bill.
WORLD UNION FIXES RULES
International Trades Congress Gives
Four Votes to Million 'Workers.
AMSTERDAM, Thursday, July 31.
(By the Associated Press.) The Inter
national" Trades Union congress today
discussed rules for the new Interna
tionale, now in the making.
The draft of the new rules contains
proviso giving one vote for every
quarter million workers represented,
as against one for each million as
Samuel Gompers, president of the
American Federation of Labor, in his
address, claimed to represent the Pan
American Federation of 21 Republics.
He said it was Inadvisable, owing to
the events of recent years, to group
Spain with the Spanish-speaking South
American states as the Spanish dele
gate had proposed.
34-CENT BACON CHEERED
Sale of Surplus Army Food Gets
Crowds at San Francisco.
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 1. Smoked
bacon' at 34 cents a pound and canned
tomatoes at 13 cents a can found
scores of ready buyers here when
a large downtown department store
opened the sale of excess army rations.
Both the bacon and the tomatoes were
sold at the prices paid by the govern
ment when it bought the supplies for
army camps in this country and in
Hundreds of persons who crowded
the section of the store where the food
was sold cheered the announcement
that another carload of bacon was
scheduled to reach San -Francisco to
POLK SURE OF TREATY
Ratification and Help for Russia Ex
pected by Secretary.
PARIS, Aug. 1. FranJt L. Polk,
American assistant secretary of state
and head of the United States peace
delegation here, told a group of French
i newspaper men toaay tnat tne united
States senate committee on foreign af
fairs would complete Its report on the
German treaty by the middle of Au
gust and that the senate would not take
more than two weeks to ratify it.
Admiral Kolchak, head of the Omsk
all-Russian government, will be given
moral and even material aid by the
United States, Mr. Polk said, and added
that bolshevism is not to be feared in
WOMEN HELP IN HARVEST
Efficient Sheridan Trio Accomplish
Large Field Task.
SHERIDAN. Or.. Aug. 1. (Special.)
Owing to scarcity of help women of
this vicinity are working in the harvest
fields to get the grain ready for im
In one case three women did all the
shocking of an 85-acre field of wheat
and -0 acres of oats, also caring for
the hay crop and dairy business of the
RUTH LAW UP 28,000 FEET
Attempt to Break Altitude Record
Abandoned; Gasoline Short.
HARRISBURG, 111., Aug. 1. Ruth
Law tried to break the American air
plane altitude record today with a
Curtiss 150-horsepower machine, but
when at a height of 28,000 feet she was
compelled to descend because of a dwin
dling supply of gasoline.
The descent was made at Broughton,
CO miles north.
CHANNEL TUNNEL FAVORED
PARIS. Aug. 1. The commission ap
pointed by Albert Claveille, minister of
public works, to study the stability of
a tunnel under the English channel, baa
reported favorably on the project.
Mr. Claveille has authorized the
French company which holds the con
cession for the tunnel to experiment
with the latest, piercing machinery.
Middle West and South
ern Roads Are Hit First.
STREETCAR CREWS RESTIVE
Miners and Mariners Also
Militant Mood, Report..
CHICAGO TROUBLE IS OVER
Employes ot Elevated, and Surface
Lines Vote to Return Under
STRIKES HALT WORKERS FROM
COAST TO COAST.
Railroad shopmen go out in
middle west and south.
In Chicago district 100,000 men
In southern states 30.000 men on
16 railroads lay down tools.
Street car men in Davenport. Ia.,
and on Iowa interurban lines
vote to quit.
Omaha street car men vote ex
ecutives power to call strike.
Boston and Philadelphia rail
road shopmen reported going out.
Rock Island, til., has 1500 shop
Miners In Coeur d'Alene dis
trict taking strike vote.
Mates and masters at San Fran
cisco ort strike for higher wages.
CHICAGO. Aug. 1. President Wil
son's request today that congress create
commission to consider wage in
creases for railway employes was favor
ably received by officers of the Chicago
district council of the Federated Shop
men's union, which called a nation
wide strike of railway shop workers at
10 o'clock this morning.
Press dispatches stated that the pres
ident had . suggested that any-proper
wage increase be made retroactive to
August 1. 1919, and the local shopmen's
leaders declare that they would remain
firm for retroaction to January 1, 1919,
The shopmen's strike, according to
today's reports, was chiefly effective
in the middle west and southeast. In
the latter section alene 35.000 men had
laid down their tools, according to
Big Walkout Expected.
All over the country, and especially
in the middle west, union locals were
voting tonight on the strike proposal.
Tomorrow will see a big increase in the
,( Concluded on Page 3. Column 1.1
PERHAPS IF THEY
I . i v -r i ?-T."'.'T.H,r -y J .
David Barney A lie. -C -save For
saken First Yi'ror Girl
SAN FRANCISCO. Aug. 1. The body
of David E. Barney of Sacramento. Cal..
until recently a major in the United
States army, was found in a wash
room on a ferryboat tonight a few min
utes before the vessel entered a slip
t the Ferry building, where officers
were waiting to prrest him on a. charge
of bigamy. Death was caused by a
bullet wound through the heart. An
army service revolver was lying near
According to witnesses Barney was
standing on deck conversing with his
bride, Mrs. Mildred Owens Barney, and
her mother, as the vessel neared the
Ferry building. These witnesses said
bystander pointed out two men who
were standing on the side of the ferry
slip and turned to Barney, saying:
"There are two detectives waiting to
arrest you for bigamy."
Barney immediately asked his com
panions to excuse him for a few, min
utes, according to the witnesses, and
disappeared. His body was found later.
A warrant for the arrest of Barney
on a charge of bigamy was issued here
today on the complaint of Mrs. Josie
May Barney of Sacramento, who
charged that her husband had married
Miss Mildred Owens, 21, a cafe enter
tainer, in this city, on June 18 last.
the day he was discharged from the
army. She said she had married Bar
ney in Sacramento in 1904 and that
last year he informed her he was in
love with another woman and asked
to be released from his marriage vows.
Mrs. Barney asserted that she is par
tially paralyzed and totally dependent
upon Barney for support.
$100,000 DIVORCE GIVEN
Portland Man Must Settle Casli
Upon His ex-Wife.
SAX FRANCISCO. Aug. 1. A cash
settlement of $100,000 was awarded to
Mrs. Beatrice Fletcher Thompson from
the estate of Robert H. Thompson,
young Portland millionaire, when she
received her final decree of divorce
from him here today. They were mar
ried in Los Angeles April 3, 1918.
Robert H. Thompson is the son of
the late Henry Thompson, Portland
pioneer, who died in 1918. The young
man was raised in this city, but has
spent late years in California though
he has made frequent visits north.. So
far as is known to friends here, his
property Interests In .Oregon are not
extensive. He is said to be iwner of
the Speedwell garage at Fourteenth
and Couch, streets.
POLES RATIFY PEACE PACT
Treaty for Protection of Minorities
PARIS. Aug. 1. (By the Associated
Press.) The Polish parliament yester
day ratified he German treaty and
also the treaty for the protection of
minorities by a vote of 24.1 to 41.
ALL WORK TOGETHER THEY CAN
Sweeping Changes Are
Made in Composition.
CRUISER DIVISION IS DELAYED
36 Warriors in Group to Reach
San Diego August 7.
TRAIN HAS MOST CHANGES
Tennessee Will Replaec Superdread-
nought Arizona, Which Will Re
main in Atlantic Waters.
SAN DIEGO. Cal.. Aug. 1. Sweeping
changes In the composition of the Pa
ciflc fleet were officially announced
here today. One complete division of
armored cruisers, including the North
Carolina, Montana and Pueblo, ached-
uled for permanent station in Pa
cific waters, will remain for a time li
the Atlantic, according to this an
Arizona Will Stay In Atlantic.
The superdreadnought Arizona is to
remain with the Atlantic fleet. In
place of the Arizona the superdread-
naught Tennessee will be sent to the
Pacific, it was announced. The hos
pital ship Mercy will not come to the
Pacific. The Comfort, now at the
Mare Island navy-yard, will remain
permanently on this coast.
By far the greater number of changes
took place In the composition of the
train. The fuel ships Arethusa. Man
mee and Mars, originally designated
by the navy department to come to the
Pacific, will remain In Atlantic waters.
It is announced. In their places the
navy department will dispatch to the
Pacific the naval aircraft tender Nep
tune and the fuel ships Orion, Jason,
Cuyama, Jupiter and Brazos.
Thirty-Six Ships Arrive Anamat 7.
Thirty-ix ships will comprise the
fleet that will arrive here August 7
under command . of Admiral Rodman.
Although the Point Lorn a. naval radio
station had not been able to get in
touch with Admiral Rodman up to to
night, navy department cable and tele
graphic reports give this as the com
plete list of ships coming here:
Superdreadnoughts New Mexico, Ar
kansas. Mississippi, New York, Texas,
Battleships New Jersey and Ne
braska. Destroyers Breese, Gamble, Lamber
ton, Ludlow. Walker. Boggs. Buchanan,
Crosby, Dent. Elliott. Montgomery.
Phillip. Palmer, Radford, Ramsay,
Thatcher. Ward. Waters. Woolsey,
(Concluded on rgc U. Column I.
BRING HIM DOWN.
Ulster on Return From Vacation in
North Announces Marriage to
Paul Schwartz of Brooklyn.
-SALEM. Or.. Aug. 1. t Special.) A
romance which had its origin on the
steamer Alameda en route from Seattle
to Alaska culminated at Seward re
cently when Miss Evelyn Brown, Salem
schoolteacher, and Paul Swartz of
Brooklyn. N. T.. were married.
Miss Brown, accompanied by her
sister. Miss Ocle Brown, and Miss Dollie
Smith, went to Alaska a few weeks ago
to pass their summer vacation and
while on the steamer Miss Brown met
Mr. Swartz. It was a case of love at
first sight- and upon the arrival of
the craft at Seward they were wedded.
Mrs. Swartz had resided in Salem for
several years and prior to leaving for
Alaska taught in the Washington
school here. Mr. Swartz Is the son of a
prominent Brooklyn lawyer and is a
graduate of Harvard. At the time he
met anas Krown he was en route to
Alaska to accept a position with the
government. He recently returned
irom army service in France. Mr. and
sirs, tawartz home will be at Copper
Center. Alaska. Miss Ocie Brown and
Miss Dollie Smith, on their return here
recently, told of the wedding.
DESTROYER AT SAN DIEGO
Run From San Francisco in 18
Hours Is Declared Record.
SAN DIEGO. Cal.. Aug. 1. Complet
ing the run from San Francisco in IS
hours, which is said to be a record for
this type of navy ship, the destroyer
Chauncey arrived here today with Rear-
Admiral William F. Fuliam aboard. It
is commanded by Commander Glass
ford. Admiral Fuliam today officially re
signed active navy command when his
flag was hauled down on the Chauncey.
This flag was presented the admiral by
the officers and men of the destroyer.
Admiral Fuliam has been ordered on
detached service and will go east in a
lew aays. i-ie wm oe retired on account
of age In October. On the run from
San Francisco the Chauncey steamed
at Jo and 30 knots an hour and Admiral
Fuliam said that it could have made
the trip in 14 hours.
GRAZING TO COST ONE CENT
Minnesota Offers- Stale Land
.Vominul Sum to Aid Montana.
ST. PAUL. Minn.. Aug. 1. State
Auditor Preus late today made public
an offer to lease state-owned land at
1 cent an acre for grazing purposes.
Minnesota Invites Montana and oth
er western states in the drought
stricken west to feed livestock on her
public domain," said the auditor.
Preus announced that grazing privi
leges on state land will be leased at
nominal sums as low as 1 cent an acre.
Rentals only sufficient to comply with
the laws authorizing the leasing of the
state lands will be asked, he explained.
AUSTRIAN DENIES CHANGE
Cabinet Not Considerinir Resigna
tion, Declares Chancellor.
PARIS, Aug. 1. (Hans.) Dr. Karl
Renner. Austrian chancellor and head
of the Austrian peace delegation at St.
Germain, today denied recent reports
that the Austrian cabinet is about to
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature,
degrees: minimum, 64 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair: gentle westerly winds.
H. Bernhardi, fiery Hun general, predicts
new war. Pace 1.
Kolchak government seat ot be moved as
army la beaten by bolshevik!. Page 2.
Prices threaten to iorce labor crisis. Page 2.
Congress postpones recesa to tackle living
problem. Page 1.
Compromise plan fo rtreaty would add to
working of covenant. Page o.
Government project to give land aid wel
comed by service men. Page 7.
Senate lends repeat of daylight saving up
to president again. Page J.
Strikes tie up many trades from coat to
coast. Page 1.
Ex-army officer shoots self when confronted
with bigamy charge. Page 1.
Whole division of armored cruisers of Pa
cific fleet ia detained In east. Page 1.
Forest patrol service by airplane tentatively
organized at Salem. Page T.
$3,003,000 of Irrigation bonds certified by
state. Page 0.
Seattle service men lead fight against Japan
ese. Page 13.
Rate hearing due to end today. Page 4.
Miss Evelyn Brora, Salem teacher. Is wooed
and won during trip to Alaska. Page 1.
Double murder and auli-tde reult of "trl-
ang.e, near walla v. alia, i age o.
Huston of Nw York Yankees promises fight
for Carl Mays. Page 14.
Veterans of tennis are beins replaced by
juniors. Page 13.
Pacific Coast ieagun results: Portland 2,
Los Ange'.os 3 13 innings! : OikUnd 3.
Vernon 1: Salt Ltk 5. Seattle tfacra
mento 3. San Francisco 3. Page 14.
Mii marathon swim drams natlonul atten
tion. Page 15.
torn mcrcial mod Marine.
Government ia in market for new crop fiour.
Chicago corn markot demoralized by heay
selling. Page -1.
Coast ship employes ask substantial wag
lncreaj.es. Pass -0.
Wall street alo-ks advance as call money
rates relax, rage "1.
Portland and Vlrinlty.
Fred Goodfellow killed by fast-speedins auto.
Taxpaver must act fast to stop payment of
gas bill. Pajre 3.
Masamas leave tonight on Mount Ratninr
outlng. Page 21.
Police-court client hastens to nland eas, la
fined for speeding. Pago 12.
War vetvrana accuse Postmaster Myers of
unfairness. Page 1-.
rr. J. Whtteomb Brougher and son return
from overseas wrMce. Page 11.
Bernhardi Condemns Both'
Treaty and League.
DEFEAT AT ARMS IS DENIED
Literary Thrusts at Allies Are
POLICY OF HATE CHARGED
Imposition or Drastic Terms on Ger
many Will Create New Desire
for War. Says Writer.
BY CYRIL BROWN.
(Copyright by the N"sw York Wcric. l'ur--
lished by arrangement.)
BERLIN, Aug. 1. (Special Cable.1 On.
eral von Bernhardt prophesies another war.
In a remarkable statement written exclu
sively for the World he analyzes thr peace,
treaty and Its consequences. The old fire
eater Is busily engaged with hta well-known
nrana or literary work In his home. Villa.
Bernhardi, among the giant mountains of
Silesia, where he is In pensioned retirement.)
BY GENERAL 1-R1EPRICH A. J. VON'
I consider it absolutely rislit. from
the standpoint of France and England,
that they should desire to get tho
greatest possible advantage from hv.'
ing won the war. France and England
are acting quite naturally and properd
in trying to do us as much harm as
possible. Such a process alone can se
cure them against a recurrence of the
One must always bear in mind that
there are now 38.000,000 French and
about 45.000,000 English, and that both,
people made great and unexampled
sacrifices to win a victory which was
not gained at tho sword's point. but
a victory they would never have won.
had we not beaten ourselves.
Actual Defeat la Denied.
One must consider also that asains-t
these figures there exist about eu.OOO.
000 Germans in compact mass, in addi
tion to the Germans scattered through
out the world. It should also be con
sidered that we Germans were not act
ually conquered, and that in respect
to population we are at any and every
moment In a position to resume resist
ance. It is quite understandable that in.
these circumstances our enemies should
seek to secure themselves. Whether
our enemies have not drawn the bow
too far in another matter, and from this
point of view I most decidedly condemn
the peace treaty, (or its terms, botli
military and economic, are nnf ulfillable.
Military Korrr Held Inadequate.
With the military force that has been'
granted us. internal order cannot be
maintained and it will be impossible
for us to meet the economic conditions.
Our enemies must have thought it to
their interest to impose conditions
which would surely lame us for a long
time, but which would yet leave our
existence possible. America has a par.
ticular interest in maintaining our pur
chasing power, for we were "one of the
best customers of America before the ,
As conditions are now, there is dan- ,
ger that in one way or another we will ,
'withdraw from our obligations. I lien
1 a new war will be necessary.
' Desperate Chance Considered.
In such a new war. to be sure, all the
j prospects of success will be on the ,
'side of our enemies, but one never can
know what a desperate nation is
capable of doing.
Then there is always another consid
eration. Does a new war actually lie
in the interests of our enemies? France
and England have been most grievously
hit economically. They long for peace
and for the undisturbed development
of their economic forces. For years .
to come they will not be in a position ,
for another war. This appears to me
In the circumstances, I consider tho :
present peace unsuited to its purpose,
from the enemy standpoint. It is the '
product of hate and of a spirit of .
revenge, and it will bear fruit accord
ingly. It seeks to make it Impossible
for us to wage war in the future and
it will achieve exactly the contrary.
Trlnl of Kx-Kuler Opposed.
What I think of this peace from tho
German standpoint I need hardly dis- .
cuss, after the foregoing. It can only
spur and incite us to strain all our
strength and force in order to make
ourselves, to some extent, again equal .
to our opportunities. In that effort
we will surely succeed. What our gov
ernment may think about yielding up
the kaiser and the military leaders I,
cannot say, but the wnoie o tne rignt
minded part of our nation thinks about
it as I do. On that point there cau be
He who would pronounoe it good to
give up the kaiser and the leaders
would dig his own grave. Poaslbly it
will take place after alL In that case,
the government approving it. will bo .
done for. in the eyes of the nation.
I.rcsl Viewpoint Considered.
From a legal viewpoint there Is no
reason for yielding them up. The army
loaders merely did their duty, if on all
occasions they tried their utmost to
gain victor;-. They were never delib
erately cruel, but were always merely
The kaiser particularly cannot br
called to an accounting. He acted
merely within his constitutional limita
tions and according to his obligations
lOoociuacd oo rae
3. Column 4 )