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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
Entered St Portland (Orif f
Potnfflrw a. Fcond-C?laM MtttM.
PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY, 31 AY 22, 1919.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
WEEK MORE GIVEN
GERMANS TO REPLY
Huns Must Answer Peace
t Terms by May 29.
NC-4 AGAIN POISES
FOR OCEAN FLIGHT
COMMANDER. READ TAKES OFF
AT DAWS IF POSSIBLE.
SEEM IN PROTESTS
Nation Refuses to Submit
Gracefully to Fate.
STRIKE SITUATION IN
TEACHERS TO GIVE
PRUNE GROWERS OF
OREGON TO ORGANIZE
SUFFRAGE WINS IN
WINNIPEG IS CLEARED
ONION MORE STUDY
CITIZENS WIN DEMAND FOR
HIGHER PRICE AND ELIMINA
TION OF SPECULATOR AIM.
TURKISH PROBLEM IS ACUTE
Dismemberment, It Is Feared,
May Provoke Religious War.
U. S. CONTROL IS WANTED
Americans in Paris Think if Amcr
. ica. Takes Turkey as Mandatory
People at Home 3Iay Object.
PARIS, May 21. (By the Associated
Press.) The German peace delegation
lias been granted an extension of seven
days, or until May 25, in which to reply
in full to the peace terms, according to
on official announcement.
Count Von Brockdorff-Rantzau. head
nf the German peace delegation, asked
an extension of time, saying that fur
ther notes were being prepared and
that it would be impossible to com
plete them by 1 P. M., Thursday, when
the time limit first set would expire.
More Study Required.
The note said the Germans desired
more time to study a number of ques
tions in the treaty which they had not
yet had an opportunity to examine.
Count Von Brockdorff-Rantzau has
asked permission for a. special train to
bring to Versailles printing presses and
a force of workmen in order to hasten
the preparation of the German reply
for presentation to the allies.
A general summary of observations
cn the whole treaty is in course of
completion, as well as notes on various
specific points. These notes will deal
with the eastern boundary of Ger
many; Alsace; occupied territories
reparations; labor and German prop
erties in foreign countries.
Turkish Question Difficult.
The Turkish problem has become
"rnost acute in the peace conference.
Various delegations are striving to find
fcome solution for the dismemberment
of the empire, which will not provoke
n religious war.
The United States is looked to by
other powers as the only nation which
can become tha mandatory for Can
stantinoplo without danger of precip
itating another European war, but the
American delegates to the peace con
gress express doubt of the willingness
of the United States to accept the man
date. Disposal of Sultan Puzzles.
"With the sultan removed from Con
stantinople the American delegates ex
pressed belief that it might be possible
for the American public to become
reconciled to the mandate. However,
the Indian delegation, which has ap
peared before the council of four to
plead for special consideration for the
feelings of the Mohammedan world, as
serts that the sultan must not be
forced out of Constantinople, declar
ing that such action would greatly af
fect his standing in the church. Conse
quently Great Britain is seeking to
Jiave the sultan remain in Constan
tinople as head of the Moslem faith,
but with purely spiritual powers.
It is now suggested that instead of
transferring the sultan to a strip of
territory somewhere in Asia-Minor
that ho remain in Constantinople, but
be allowed to exercise a degree of tem
poral power over some territory in
Asia-Minor to be selected, thus preserv
ing the form of the Ottoman empire.
Such a plan, it is asserted, would pre
vent the obliteration of Turkish pre
war debts and necessitate the framing
of a. peaco treaty with the empire.
Big Army Accessary.
The American commission discussed
this plan yesterday, but apparently
there was considerable difference of
opinion among the delegates. Some of
them feel that the United States prob
ably would be unwilling to accept the
mandate for Armenia, which would re
quire a large number of American
troops until such time as native forces
could be organized and the unsettled
Military experts declare that Con
etantinople could be controlled entirely
by the navy and policed under direction
of the marines. The probable military
force necessary to restore order in
Armenia and protect the Armenians
from their aggressive neighbors h
been variously estimated at from 50,000
Huns Make Reply.
The peace conference has made public
the text of the German note regarding
reparations and the reply made by Pre
mier Clemenecau as president or the
The German note says in part:
"The obligation to make reparation
has been accepted by Germany by
virtue of the note from Secretary of
State Lansing on November o, 1918, in
dependently of the question of respon
sibility for the war. The German dele
gation cannot admit that there could
arise out of a responsiDinty incurred
by the former German government in
regard to the origin ot tne world war
any right for the allied and associated
powers to be indemnified by Germany
for losses suffered during the war.
"The representatives or the allied
and associated states have, moreover,
declared several times that the German
people should not be held responsible
for the faults committed by their gov
ernments. The German people have al
ways remained convinced that this war
'was for them a defensive war.
i "The German delegates also do not
snare the view of the allied and as
sociated governments in regard to the
origin of the war. They cannot consider
s iConcludad on- i'age 3, Column -..
British Airmen Give Up All Hope
for Harry Hawker, but Con
tinue Preparing for Effort.
PONTA DEL GADA, May 21. (By
the Associated Press.) Lieutenant
Commander A. C. Read announced to
night that the engine trouble which
caused a postponement of the flight
of the NC-4 for Lisbon this morning
had been remedied. The plane will
start at daybreak tomorrow, weather
permitting, he said.
WASHINGTON, May 20. A message
to the navy department early this
morning from Admiral Jackson at
Ponta del Gada said one of the NC-4 a
engines had developed trouble and that
the start for Lisbon would not be made
Dispatches to the navy department
later indicated that the motor trouble
was not serious and officials expected
Commander Read to get away at day
Commander Towers, trans-Atlantic
flight commander, has recommended
that the NC-1, which sank at sea, be
stricken from the navy list as "lost at
sea," and that the NC-3 be placed out
of commission for rebuilding when she
arrives in New Tork.
ST. JOHNS, N. K., May 21. Captain
Frederick P. Raynham, the British avi
ator, whose Martinsyde plane was
wrecked when he tried to take off Sun
day in the wake of Harry Hawker,
today cabled builders of his machine
in England asking that another trans
Atlantic navigator be appointed to re
place Captain Charles W. F. Morgan,
declared by physicians to be "out of
the trans-Atlantic race because 6f in
juries suffered in the accident with
Fliers here tonighf advanced only
one theory to account for the complete
disappearance of Hawker and his Sop
with plane. This was that the unfor
tunate little craft was forced into the
ocean within an hour or two of its
start from this coast, and sank almost
HEALTH OFFICER ACCUSED
Attorney Charges Sirs. Barton Har
rison Was Object of Persecution
BERKELEY, Cal., May 21. (Special.)
The Berkeley city council was asked
this morning to discharge Health Offi
cer J. J. Benton because of alleged
"persecution" of Miss Elizabeth Wrent
more, who became the wife of Gover
nor-General Burton Harrison of Manila.
The request was made in a letter
from George Gelder, a local attorney.
He said Miss Wrentmore, who was a
student at the University of California
was advertised widely as a carrier of
diphtheria germs and an attempt was
made to quarantine her, although no
law exists for the quarantine of germ
Gelder promised to file a petition
signed by 10,000 voters of Berkeley
supporting his letter if the council did
VERDICT $30,000 ON LIBEL
X'cw York Evening Post Loser In
NEW TORK, May 21. John Arm
strong Chaloner, Merry Mills, Va, mil
lionaire, who escaped from an insane
asylum here 22 years ago, was awarded
a $30,000 verdict today against the New
Tork Evening Post in his $100,000 suit
for alleged libel. The defendant at
once moved to have the verdict set
aside on the ground of excessive dam
ages, and Judge Hand took the motion
Chaloner s suit was based on an
Evening Post article reporting the kill
ing of John Gillard at Merry Mills, Va.,
10 years ago. Although still insane
according to a judgment of the New
York supreme court, Chaloner was per
mitted to prosecute his suit in federal
court when he produced judgments of
a Virginia court declaring him sane.
FRANCE MAY BAN WRITER
Hcrr I'riscliaucr Recovers and
Sends Censored Dispatch.
PARIS. May 21. The French govern
ment is considering the expulsion from
France of Herr Frischauer, correspond
ent with the Austrian delegation at St.
Germain of the Neue Freie Presse of
It is reported that after one of his
dispatches had been censored Fris
chauer succeeded in getting possession
of it and sending it off after he had
modified the effect of the censor's
MOBILE BLAZE IS COSTLY
Ten Blocks In Residence Section Dc
stroyed; Loss $750,000.
MOBILE, Ala.. May 21. Ten square
blocks of Mobile's residence section
were swept by fire which caused
$750,000 property damage, left 1500 peo
pie houseless and aestroyed probably
The flames were checked befor
reaching docks and shipbuilding plant
which lay in the path.
PACT MAY BE SEPARATED
Senator Sherman Proposes to Hav
Peace Treaty Thing Apart.
WASHINGTON, May 21. Senato
Sherman, republican of Illinois
nounced today that on Friday he would
introduce a resolution in the senate
proposing separation of the covenan
of the league of nations from the peace
SOCIALISTS ISSUES V ING
Enforcement of o rms by
Ruthless War. Feared.
GRAVE DANGER REALIZED
VThile Officials Hope to Delay Nego
tiations, Populace Believes
BT CYRIL BROWN.
Copyright by the New Tork World. Pub
lished by arransement.)
BERLIN, May 21. (Special.) All
thinking Germans know t.iat Ger
many's days as a great nation are num
bered. Whole official Germany etlll
pretends to cling to the forlorn hope of
protracted negotiations, most Germans
believe at heart that the victors will
make short shift of vanquished Ger
many's counter proposals, and that
there is no possible escape, that a hard
peace is inevitable as fate.
Germany, however, is running true
form by refusing to submit grace
fully to the inevitable. This is the sole
ignificance of the superficial agita
tion against signing the treaty.
Germany is dying hard. Its death
rattle is still heard in the hundreds of
protests against the peace. This last
long drawn out act of the historical
rama is all talk and no action, and no
ero is in singht. The abjectness of the
impotent despair of fallen Germany is
reflected in the hopeless, weak waver
ing" of the talkative government be
tween "No and Yes," as the Kreuz Zei
tung sizes the situation.
Germans Realise Danger.
The Freiheit says: "The government
reels to and fro and neither the gov
ernment nor the majority socialists can
rise to a clear, unequivocal stand
Vorwaerts admits "Everybody recog
nizes the colossal tragic earnestness of
the approaching danger, but no peace
delegates, no member of the govern
ment, no member of the national assem
bly, will assume responsibility for it.
That all Germany believes and over
whelmingly approves the fact that the
government ha definitely committed
tself against the signing of peace in
present form, is confirmed by
President Ebert imitating the ex-
kaiser's example of addressing the
street crowds from the palace balcony.
and whose positive statement, "Come
(Concluded on Page
Mayor Works for Meeting of Union
Representatives and Heads
of Iron Industry.
WINNIPEG. Man., May 21. Opinions
expressed tonight by both labor leaders
and employers indicated that the criti
cal period in the general strike of more
than 30,000 Winnipeg union employes
had passed, and that a settlement of
the differences was in sight. Mayor
Charles F. Gray Is making every effort
to arrange for a meeting of union rep
resentatives and heads of the iron In
James Winning, president of the Win
nipeg Trades and Labor council, has
notified Mayor Gray that the unions are
prepared to consider a strike settlement
cn the basis of general union recogni
tion and reinstatement of all union men
yho went on strike. A delegation of
24 men, representing the railway train
men, today urged the provincial gov
ernment to act as conciliator and bring
about industrial peace as soon as pos
sible. Officers of labor union locals
declared tonight they were ready to
There was no difficulty in maintain
ing order today when business con
cerns resumed activities. The strong
force of mounted police on duty here,
and thousands of troops mobilized in
barracks, have restrained any sem
blance of disorder. Hundreds of citi
zens have signed for vigilance service.
Despite opposition from strike lead
ers in some cases and with the co-op
eration of the union forces in other
cases, the city water pressure was in
creased, professional men were able to
reopen their offices in the higher
stories of downtown buildings; bread.
milk, meat, ice and coal were trans
ported about the city without interfer
ence; fire and police protection were
improved; deliveries were begun by
some merchants and Mayor Gray and
the city council successfully forced
their demand that the "union permis
sion" placard be abolished.
AIR TRIP IS -DISASTROUS
Society Editor of Vancouver, B. C,
Paper Suffers Broken Leg in Fall.
VANCOUVER, B. C, May 21. An air-
plane piloted by Lieutenant G. B. Hoy
and carrying Miss Edna Brown, society
editor of a Vancouver newspaper, fell
to earth nose first here today.
Miss Brown suffered a fractured leg.
Hoy was uninjured. He said the rudder
control wires failed to work.
ANOTHER CABLE PLANNED
Tokio Business Men to Form Japan
TOKIO, May 21. (By the Associated
Press.) A number of prominent busl
ness men here have decided to form i
Japan-American submarine cable com
pany to lay another cable across the
The company, which will have
capital of 50,000,000 yen, will seek
subsidy from the Japanese government.
ANOTHER LITTLE INTERRUPTION.
Hasty Action Opposed by
ORGANIZATION BENEFITS TOLD
Otto Hartwig, Slated for Talk,
Fails to Appear.
BETTER SCHOOLS IS GOAL
Article Written by Columbia Profes-
sor Tells Successful History
of Chicago Federation.
"Joining the union is too serious a
matter to be taken up and acted upon
hurriedly. We must have time to be
come informed. I don t object to
unions and I am convinced they have
broken the background of industrial
arrogance, but I think we should know-
more about this subject. If we want
to join the union simply because we
don't get the bonus right away, we
are making a mistake and are apt to
be cutting off our noses to epite our
Miss Julia Spooner, one of the sev
eral members of the Portland Grade
Teachers' association, who spoke yes
terday in the general discussion held
by that organization in library hall
made this statement. Her plea for a
better understanding of what the union
would mean for the teacher and for
the children of the schools was hearti
ly applauded and the general sentiment
of the meeting was that before the
grade teachers took any action or
affiliated with the unions they should
thoroughly and carefully consider the
subject. Action by the proposal was
Investigation la Approved.
The special meeting of the associa
tion was called for the purpose of hear
ing Otto Hartwig, president of the Ore
gon Federation of Labor, explain the
subject, and ta give the teachers an
opportunity to give- voice to their
opinions. Mr. Hartwig failed to appear,
and the members discussed the topic la
hand informally. Mrs. Jennie Richard
son presided. At 6 o'clock P. M. the
association adjourned, after a motion
that the chair appoint a committee to
investigate the benefits offered In join
ing a union. The committee will report
at a later date.
Letters from Charles B. Stillman.
president of the American Federation
of Teachers, and the constitution of the
federation, were read. Articles were
quoted showing that, according to re
port, the teachers' unions have worked
(Concluded on Page Z. Coiumn :!.
J. O. Holt of Eugene Advocates Nation-Wide
to Increase Demand.
EUGENE, Or.. May 21. (Special.)
Steps have been taken to form a
gigantic organization cf all the prune
growers of Oregon and of Clarke
county, Washington, according to J. O.
Holt, manager of the Eugene Fruit
Growers' association. This is the first
move toward organizing all fruit grow
ers of Oregon along lines of the sev
eral fruit growers- associations of Cali
fornia which have been In existence
for a number of years.
An organization of Oregon and
Clarke county would eliminate the
speculator in prunes, according to Mr.
Holt, and would mean a better price
for the growers here than Is now re
ceived. The growers of Roseburg and
vicinity already have organized, their
association being the first of a number
to be formed throughout the western
part of the state in the near future.
Mr. Holt, who was in California this
spring studying the methods of the dit
ferent associations, said today that he
had seen the benefits of organizing
It must come," he said. "If we do not
organize there is bound to be trouble
sooner or later in marketing our
prunes. What we have to do here In
Oregon Is to combine and carry on a
nation-wide advertising campaign to
get the people to eat more prunes. The
private buyers will not do it and can
not do It and it is up to the fruit grow
ers as an association to act."
BRUNETTES LEAD BLONDES
Second Honors Awarded to
at Corvallis College.
OREGON AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE
Corvallis. May 21. (Special.) Bru
nctte students hold more student body
ornces man students of other com
plexion; red-haired men and women
come next, with blondes far in the
rear. Of about 60 offices, includin
student assembly, publications, honor
organizations and class offices, about
50 are held by co-eds and men o
Five important positions are held by
the college "reds" three places on stu
dent council, a class presidency and
managership of the official newspaper,
the Barometer. The blonde type i
represented b..' only two students I
the group ot five dozen offices.
KIDNAPING INQUIRY MADE
Arizona tioveruor Sends Evidence to
WASHINGTON, May 21. Evidence
gathered in an investigation of charge
that several authorities of Cochl
county, Ariz., were in collusion with
Mexican authorities in the kidnapln
at Douglas last December of flv
men who later were executed aeros
the border, has been transmitted to
Governor Campbell of Arizona by th
state department. Kidnaping is a vio
latlon of state law.
The men kidnaped previously had
been under Investigation in connection
with the murdering an." robbing
Mexican officials on treir way from
A sua Prieta to Cananea. Sonora.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature.
degrees; minimum, oo degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; gentle westerly winds.
Aviators aided by traditional luck of navy.
NC-4 commander hopes to hop to Lisbon
today. Pare 1.
Germany's death seen in protests. Tags 1
Germans say to sign treaty will mean ruin,
Lone delay in peace parleys is prcaictea.
Germans get week more to reply to peat-
terms. Page 1.
Near last Ikui Is battle of charts. Pago 3.
81st drive for city ot Audenardo costs man
lives. Page 6.
Strike situation In 'Winnipeg cleared, rage 1.
Wilson's retirement predicted In league plan
carries. Page -.
Light aerial craft for nvy proposed, rage 4
Baptists condemn Wilson for asking prohl
bition repeal. Page .
Bishops of Methodist faith plan far-reachin
social programme. Page 9.
Chicago Tribune characterizes Henry Ford
aa anarchibt. Page 4.
Pacific coast metal trades demand agree
ment July 51. or will strike. Page -1.
Oregon soldiers entertained In South la
kota. Page 2.
Jersey breeders' touring Willamette valley.
State board upheld by Governor Olcott.
Oregon prune growers to organize. Page
Commercial and Marine.
Cascara tracta In northwest aro In eanger.
Mav corn touches high point of season a
Break In shippings weakens entire toc
list. Paga 23.
Pacific coast results: At San Francisco, Sa
Francisco 8. Portland 1; at Sacramento,
Vernon 5. Sacramento 4; at Salt Lake
Oakland 14. Salt Lake 10; at Los Angeles,
Loa Angeles 1, Seattle U. Page 14.
Three teams fight for league honors. Paga 14.
Wlllsrd to start training at Toledo. Pag
Portland and Vicinity.
Teachers to give union more study. Page 1
Dr. O. A. Hess admits delay In answerln
call at Tuck inquiry. Page 1J.
episcopalians deny women dioceso vote
France may buy Foundation company's ship
yard machinery. Page .1.
Dr. Morrow to receive fellow delegates.
City appeals pnrk condemnation suits
General John L. May tr-ll- of national guard
convention. I age- ...
"Weather report, data and forecast. Page 2
Directors of Loyal Legion go on record for
general 8-hour clay. Page l.
Pry forces protest prohibition repeal. Pag
HOUSE, 304 TO &0
ederal Amendment Is In
dorsed Second Time.
VICTORY 42' ABOVE MARGIN
Vote Shows 200 Republicans
and 102 Democrats Favor.
SENATE WILL VOTE NEXT
Suffrage Leaders Predict Success In
Upper House as Kcsult or
WASHINGTON. May SI. National
suffrage for women was indorsed by
the house of representatives for the
second time when the Susan B. Anthony
amendment resolution today was
adopted b- a vote of 304 to S3. Sup
porters of the measure Immediately ar
ranged to carry their fight to the senate
where, although twice defeated at the
last session, they are confident of ob
taining the necessary two-thirds vote.
The victory for the suffrage forces
today was by 42 votes more than the
required two-thirds. On the previous
ballot on the resolution cast January 10.
101S. exactly the necessary number of
affirmative votes were recorded.
Leader Favor Amendment.
House leaders of both parties in the
brief debate preceding today's vote
urged favorable action, but many south
ern democrats opposed the measure as
did several New England rcpublljans.
The favorable vote was more by 14
than would have been necessary had
all members of the house been present.
The political division of the vote showed
that S00 republicans. 102 democratsone
independent and ono prohibitionist
voted for adoption, while the negative
poll showed 70 democrats and 13 re
Efforts of opponents to amend the
resolution were unavailing. Repre
sentative Clark of Florida, democrat.
leader of the opposition, proposed that
the states' ratification be compulsory
within seven years, and Representative
Saunders of Virginia, democrat, sought
to compel etate adoption by popular
vote. The overwhelming denial of a
roll call on these proposals by a vote
of 244 to 52 preceded the vote of adop
tion, and indicated the relative strength
of the resolution's supporters and op
Senate Victory Predicted.
Suffrage organization leaders ex
pressed gratification at the large favor
able vote and predicted victory in the
senate due to changes in membership.
It is expected the resolution will come
up for a vote early next month In thac
Unlike former occasions when euf
frage was before either branch of con
gress, only a small crowd was present
when debate began. Before the final
roll call, however, all teats were filled,
principally by members of suffragist
organizations. Frequent applause punc
tuated the debate, but the loudest out
burst came when Speaker Gillett an
nounced the final vote.
Both Republican Leader Mondell and
Democratic Leader Clark asked adop
tion of the resolution, the latter refer
ring to President Wilson's request for
euch action, while Mr. Mondell praised
the republican members for their atti
tude, pointing out that adoption of the
resolution was the first legislative act
of the new congress.
.Mr. Clark l.lvrs Reasons.
Mr. Clark denied that adoption
of the resolution would interfere with
state rights as argued by some demo
cratic speakers, adding that he fa
vored the resolution, "not because
woman suffrage is going to precipi
tate the millennium, but It is not go
ing to cause the damage some think
Keprenentat ive Kitchin of North
Carolina, opposing suffrage, bantered
the republicans for "quick response to
the president's call and declared the
republicans during 16 years of control
of congress avoided suffrage, leaving
It for the democrats, who had cour
age to Introduce the measure. Repre
sentative Mann of Illinois, former re
publican leader, who was in charge
of the measure as chairman of the
house woman's suffrage committee, de
clared equal suffrage was not a par
tisan question and added that though
President Wilson and other party
leaders "talked In favor of suffrage,
a majority of the democrats never
voted for it."
"Cards Stacked,' Saya Flaridan.
Representative Raker of California,
democratic supporter, asserted that a
combined democratic and republican
vote was necessary to carry the reso
lution. The only republican to speak against
the resolution was Representative
Fooht of Pennsylvania. Representative
Clark of Florida, the democratic leader
of the anti-suffrage forces, in a speech
opposing the resolution, admitted "the
cards are stacked and the decree Is
written." Advocates of the measure
included Representatives Blanton of
Texas and Taylor of Colorado, demo
crats. Many Republicans for Amendment.
The roll call on the resolution fol- ,
Republicans, for: Arkrrman. Anderson.
Andrews. Maryland; Andrews. Nebraska: An
thony. Baeliarach, Baer, Barbour. Begg,
Bnham, Bland. Indiana; Boies. Bowers.
Britten. Brooks, lllinoit.; Browne, Bur
dlck. Burroughs. Butler, Campbell, Kan-
tUoncluUed on, Page 4. Column -..