Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, May 21, 1919, Page 10, Image 10

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Jttflmmjgi return
Published by The Oresonian Publishing- Co.,
135 Sixth Street, Portland, Oregon.
Manarsr. - - Editor.
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lin. Brunswick building. New York; Verree &
onk'.ln. Steger building. Chicago; Verree &
' onklin. Free Press building. Detroit. Mich.;
San Francisco representative. R. J. Bldwell.
On assuming control of the legisla
tive affairs of the country by means
of a majority in both branches of con
press, the republican party is called on
once more to assume the function as
x the nation's great constructive political
force which it performed from its first
accession to power. After reconstruct
ing the government upon the close of
the civil war. it built the great indus
trial structure which has made the
United States the leader in all lines, it
made all the territories into states, it
placed finance on a sound basis, it
brought the railroads and trusts under
control and it built the framework of
a labor code. It is now called upon to
perform a similar work of reconstruc
tion and new construction after the
world war. This is its time of great
responsibility and great opportunity
for service to the nation.
One signal advantage which the re
publican party has derived from the
war is that the elements into which
it was formerly divided and which at
one time threatened to wreck it have
been drawn together by the bond of a
more intense patriotism. The war has
given the most conservative a greater
breadth of vision; it has given the most
venturesome radical a greater sense of
responsibility to hold him in check. It
lias put a veto on attacks on- any class
by proving that patriotism and single
minded devotion are not the monopoly
of class: that these qualities are found
equally among rich and poor, among
the college men and boys from the
public school, among the American
born and the naturalized citizens, and
that there are slackers and disloyal in
all social strata, ilt has proved that
Ave are a united people, and that the
rights of one interest must not be ex
tended by doing wrong to another.
In such a situation no man who is
true to the principles and purpose of
the republican party should be pro
scribed as either a reactionary or a
progressive. It should rather bo ac
cepted that all are progressives, though
favoring various degrees and rates of
progress. Such., profound changes are
'in process throughout the world that
A. t his country cannot escape if It were to
; try. The occasion calls upon our leg-
islators to read correctly the spirit of
the times, and to express it in. new
laws and governmental activities. It
requires that no new project be ac
cepted as progressive or imbued with
that spirit merely because its author
rails it so. -Kvery proposal should be
candidly examined with a view of de
termining, whether it actually makes
for progress and accords with the
American idea of government and in-
, dividual liberty. This test of Ameri
canism should be applied in all cases,
in order that all that is new may fit
securely into Us place in the old .and
veil- tried. The American people,
whose institutions have come through
the world convulsion unshaken and
triumphant in war, are not ready to
receive as teachers men from central
and eastern Europe who but yesterday
escaped from despotism. Against the
extravagant claims of bolshevism they
set the beneficent success of American
Jf this rule be followed, laws will be
made restoring railroads and wire sys
tems to private opecation with such
reorganization and upon such public
control as will secure to the people the
best service at the) lowest cost. Public
lands of all kinds will be opened to use
on terms which will encourage their
development while preventing monop
oly or extortion. Waste land will be
reclaimed and sold on terms which
will add to the number of independent
home owners, a stake in the soil held
by millions being the strongest bul
wark of every free government. Rela
tions between employer and workman
will be so regulated that justice to
both will be assured without strikes.
The republican party would err if it
should investigate the conduct of the
war with the chief aim of exposing
the blunders and delinquencies of the
democratic administration. These have
been many and grievous; they have
been largely due to the pacifism which
made the administration deaf to the
demand for preparedness, and to the
partisan spoils system which is fatal to
efficiency. The men responsible should
not be spared the censure which they
have earned. But in large measure
our military effort, glorious as it was,
fell short because there are serious
defects in the organization of the de
partments and of the army and navy
which have long existed. Investiga
tion should have a constructive pur
pose to discover failures and defects
in order to repair, them. From the
experience of the war the republican
party should evolve a military policy
which will equip the nation for the
worst emergency without proving -a
serious burden.
The constructive work of the repub
lican party hitherto as been directed
to internal development. Hereafter it
will be constantly more applied to ex
ternal commercial expansion. This will
require revision of the tariff policy in
order to open foreign markets, and
adaptation of its protective purpose to
that end. Laws will need to be modi
fied so that trading and investment in
foreign countries will be encouraged
and protected. No attention should be
given to the absurd cry that this policy
Is "dollar diplomacy." Shipping laws
need drastic revision and shipbuilding
needs rescue from the shipping board's
A fatal mistake would be made if
the republicans were to oppose the
foreign policy which President Wilson
now pursues merely because it is his
as head of a democratic administra
tion. In its general lines it is the
policy of the American people. Self
determination may be claimed as orig
inally a republican policy, for that
party first applied it in Cuba. In the
main republicans showed greater-foresight
than democrats in regard to the
part which'America should play in the
war and its after-developments, . and
they should display the same quality
in their attitude toward the -peace
treaty and the league of nations. Truly
progressive republicans realize that
this nation's interests and its moral
obligation demand that jit participate
in settling, the disputes of other na
tions and in training backward nations
in the ways of democracy. The terms
of peace and the league covenant are
not perfect by any means, for of neces
sity they include compromises, but
they are a great advance on the ar
rangement which produced the war.
They express the new internationalism,
and those senators who accept them
are the real progressives. Those who
oppose are the real reactionaries, what
ever they call themselves.
By its course during this and the
next session of congress the repub
lican party will be judged as to its
fitness to control the affairs of the
nation. If it carries the nation for
ward, it will be rewarded. If it should
be obstructive and factious, it. will for
feit public confidence.
If Hawker . had successfully nego
tiated the 2000-mile flight across the
Atlantic it would have been a miracle.
Yet of course one wonder after an
other lias marked the amazing pro
gress of aviation. Hawker sought to
achieve the impossible, relying on the
fact that it. had been . done before.
but in other ways. The journey across
the English channel,: for example,
was essayed many times before Ble-
riot compassed it. It was only a few
short years ago that it was done.
May is no summer month in the
north Atlantic. Newfoundland is not
noted for its -quiet skies or balmy
breezes. Fogs are common, and so
are storms. An airplane is all but
helpless in a fog. The seaplane ex
ploit was nearly spoiled by the en
shrouding mists. The plane loses its
course and must speedily land, or hit
the water.
The earlier stories that Hawker was
seen 150 miles off the coast of Ire
land, and that his machine had de
scended into the water 40 miles off
the coast, are probably not true. If
true, they show that the daring avia
tor had made tho longest continuous
flight on record. The best previous
score is much less. He set out, to be
sure, to do what had not been done
before, and some day it will be done;
but the chances are decidedly against
it in the present development of the
science of flying.
It would be agreeable to know that
the intrepid Australian had gathered
for his country the laurels for so long
an air journey, even if he failed to
arrive at his goal. On the other hand,
it is doubly deplorable that he failed,
if he failed with success so nearly in
Why did Hawker risk everything in
so hazardous a venture? He knew
the dangers, and he knew that only
by the rarest of luck could, he get
through. There were no such safe
guards as the Americans have with
their seaplanes. To hit the water
meant not only disaster, but almost
certain death. But if he won! If he
won the world would be figuratively
at his feet. The impulse of adventure
is strong in mankind; the desire for
glory is even stronger. Except for it
Columbus would never have set out
with his fraal caravels, nor Peary for
the North Pole.
The attitude of Senator Lodge. Sena
tor Brandegee, Senator Borah, Senator
Poindcxter and other republicans en
hances the danger that the Issue over
the league of nations will take a politi
cal turn. Unquestionably the opposi
tion to ratification without amendment
THE league or no league has grown
in the past month. Undoubtedly, too,
defeat of the league covenant by
the republicans any republicans will
have hurtful consequences to the party
It is quite plain to all except the hard
boiled and hide-bound senators at
Washington. They are either strangely
out of touch with national sentiment,
or they are determined to take an
unpopular course, whatever the con
sequences to themselves or their party.
No senator should, of course, b
coerced into any .action inconsistent
with his conscience or his duty. There
are worse things than unpopularity.
One of them Is to be wrong. To be
both -wrong and to bo unpopular is
fatal to any politician or statesman.
-It was a grievous blunder that the
president failed to take the senate into
his confidence on the treaty. The
senate has sound cause for irritation.
But it -will be a deplorable thing if,
because of resentment, the senate is
led Into defeat of the treaty. The
country expects the senate to do its
duty by the president, though the pres
ident fails to perform his duty to the
Possibly the senators think Mr. Wil
son is a candidate for a third term.
He may be, though it is not likely. He
certainly will not be, if the treaty is
Presumably, the president is more
anxious about the treaty than he is
about his successor. Presumably, too,
he will do all he can to secure its adop
tion. One good way a certain way
is for him to make it clear that he
will not again be a candidate for presi
dent. It should be no sacrifice for a
president whose first candidacy was
based on a platform with a resounding
singie-terra pianic.
. The several accomplishments requi
site to success of salesmen who go
abroad to sell American goods formed
the text of an ironic but instructive
address by William Pigott of Seattle
at the national foreign trade council
on the characteristic waste and ex
tra vagance of the American people as
carried into business, where they swell
overhead expenses. To this cause he
attributed our inability to compete
with the foreigner in some things, a,nd
nis aavice is to scaie aown extrava
gance, and increase efficiency if we
expect to secure affair proportion of
foreign trade. He described the ex
pense in the shape of automobiles,
managers and assistants with which
business is loaded and suggested some
ways to reduce overhead. He would
cut out a third of personal expenses
in the way of .luxuries, a third of the
go-between3 and middlemen, would
make the higher-ups do at least 25
per cent mow work and cut down
their office room and expenses oVie
third. He would "have the working
man increase his efficiency at least a
third and would cut out the present
unreasonable w"aste of materials."
The extravagance which prevails Is
ascribed to the flush times of war by
Mr. Pigott, but that may be only the
latest splurge of the spendthrift. Be-
hind it may be the feeling of the
spender that he is spending some oth
er person's, usually the company's,
money. If the need of economy, oc
casionally Restrains him, fear of being
called a "tightwad" has a contrary ef
fect. In former times, when "the old
man" ran the business himself after
building it up from small beginnings,
or when each of two partners took
charge of a department, there was a
close watch on expenses, there was no
superfluity of managers and assist
ants, and a clerk who was disposed to
growl at late hours was silenced by
the fact that "the old man" stayed on
the job himself.
But in these days the old man has
sold out to a corporation, and his
name, retained for the sake of the
good will it brings, is his sole re
maining connection with the business.
Prestige requires swell offices, auto
mobiles and a corps of managers and
assistants who arrive late and leave
early. The company is an impersonal
thing. owned bv unknown people scat-
t j ..... '. "
nlant nnri -,,, th.i, r,cwiD h
, . . I
i i.,' . i x . '
he .,nion(i,,ci . .,-,,,
know, much less of a thousand such
men, so the little leaks occur, the easy
ways creep in, and the same spirit
descends the line to the office boy.
Conditions are returning which will
compel American business men to
avoid waste, to work a full day and to
inspire desire for efficiency all along
the line by the only sure means--ap-peal
to self-interest. Manufacturers
are engaging in competition with na
tions wherewith it is a case of root.
hog, or die. These competitors have
learned many of the tricks on which
Americans hitherto relied.
An illustration of the benefits that
would accrue to local road districts
from the proposed millage tax for
market roads is given in a communica
tion to the Rogue River Courier.
The Murphy road district in Jose
phine county is cited. It could vote
to raise $1000 for road work; the
county would then match this $1000
and the total of $2000 would be
matched from the state fund, making
In all $4000 to be expended on perma
nent roads in that district.
An advantage of the millage tax pro
posal is that it would distribute the
cost burden of road-building more gen
erally. In the illustration given the
cities and towns in Josephine county
would contribute to the cost of roads
in Murphy district and addition would
com to the same fund from Mult
nomah county, for Multnomah -would
put into the state fund more than it
would withdraw. The roads, moreover.
instead of being built under the varied
methods of the old supervisor system,
would be of standard construction.
Surveys would be made, grades estab
lished and specifications prepared by
the state highway department without
cost to the district.
It 1s a plan for co-operation and
assistance that should appeal strongly
to the rural districts which would get
more than one dollar's worth of roads
for every dollar Ihey raised by taxa
tion, while it should appeal equally to
the towns and cities as a means of
extending markets and stabilizing real
property values and as an encourage
ment to use of idle lands.
The market road Is a. profitable in
vestment for everybody.
The ethnologist, the sociologist and
the economist will find a common in
terest in a recent news dispatch about
a collision in one of tho southern
states between a high-powered auto
mobile of a party of gipsies and the
less expensive car of an American
woman, in which several members of
the gipsy band came to grief. It Is
not that automobile accidents are un
common, but that we have not learned
to associate the gipsy with a modern,
and especially an expensive means of
locomotion. Almost from time im
memorial he has been supposed to be
a horse-trader, when not a fortune
teller or just a thief. Hut two things
about him have invested him with the
glamor of romance. His aloofness,
the jealousy with which ho guarded
his tribal secrets and even his lan
guage, his racial purity, preserved
through centuries, have made him a
man of mystery. And his persistent
nomadism has helped preserve the
illusion. It may be suspectcl that it
is tho bit of gipsy in most men, how
ever veneered by civilization, that in
tensifies interest in the real gipsy in
a modern day.
But the gipsy driving a high-priced
car while millions of Americans spin
along the road in flivvers calls at
tention to some of the popular errors
concerning gipsies in . general. As to
the supposed intransigeant character
of their racial and social habits, there
are a few statistics to refute prevail
ing notions. Hungary, of all the coun
tries in Europe, had taken the most
pains before the war to obtain ac
curate data on the subject. These
showed that of a total of 274.000 gip
sies, no fewer than 24 3,000 were
"settred," more than 20,000 were
partly settled, and some 9000, or less
than one in thirty, still were nomads.
The proportion probably holds good in
central Europe. Another tradition
which goes by the board at the same
time is the one that they have suc
ceeded In preserving a pure language.
The fact is that local Influences have
so profoundly changed their dialects
that gipsies of widely separated lands
can no longer understand one another.
The type of gipsy who drives an auto
mobile in the United States has little
in common with those who in Armenia
or Greece still cling to the customs
which they may have imported from
It seems that nothing is able to re
sist the influence of occidental prog
ress. The noble discontent of the west
is all-pervading. Efficiency untimately
conquers. The modern western gipsy
has given up his band of horses be
cause of the high price of oats and hay,
probably for no other reason. He be
comes more and more able to converse
with the "outcast" in the latter's own
language. He even lives in a modern
house. Life in a tent is no longer for
him and his family. As he becomes a
progressive citizen, we shall lose inter
est in him. It is conceivable that in
time he will learn to like work, and
then the last vestige of romance will
be gone..
The supposition that gipsies could
trace their ancestry to the Bible was
based "on one ot the manuscript hoaxes
of the middle ages, which has not sur
vived the light of critical investigation
In an early version of the book of
Genesis appeared this passage:
Hagar had a child from whom were bom
the Chaltsmide. When Hairar had that
child, she named it Ismael. from whom the
lfeinuelltes descended who journey through
the land. . . . They sell only things
with blemishes, and whatever they sell they
ask more tor it than Its real value. They
cheat tile people to whom tiicy zeil. They
have no home, no country, they in satis
fied to live In tents, they wander over the
country, they cheat, men but rob no one
The one respect in which the gipsy
seems not to have changed materially
is in regard to his respect for the rights
of property of others. Singular per
sistence of this trait probably accounts
for excesses of persecution which have
marked his treatment in many lands.
He has been, upon the whole, no more
popular in a new community than a
horse thief on a western range. But
even this may succumb to the influence
of twerrTieth century ways. Possessing,
for example, a $5000 car, the former
nomad is likely to appreciate, not only
the value of locks and bolts, but also
the protection of the law. . And the
alarming story that great numbers of
these "undesirables" have, immigrated
to the United States to avoid the obli
gations of war abroad probably is
greatly exaggerated. We have little to
fear from this source since the new
immigration restrictions went into ef-
ici. i ne melting pot will have oppor
u"lty to complete its perfect work.
with absorption of the gipsy will dis
appear the last vestige of another race
whlcI found it impossible in the midst
(f civilization to exist for itself alone.
The Oregonian is indebted to Mr.
E. H. Elagg of Warrenton for the fal
lowing letter, because it gives oppor
tunity to supply a few words inad
vertently omitted from a previous
editorial article, and to dispense a
little scientific information for the
benefit of the unenlightened:
In a recent editorial yon speak of catching
sand" smelt with a JlgKer as being fullv
as exciting as clam dlRcIng," which, permit
me to nay, is a slander on one of l'lalop
county's game flbh. and demonstrates that
you know absolutely nothing about the razor
clam, and mtoht have been thinking of the
human member of tho famllv, wnlrli. of
course, la stupid. nfow and easily caught on
a Jigger, or any other contraption.
Clams are agile and eluslte. and no one
or sedentary habits (editors and such has
any business pursuing them. Thev on
through the sand on ClatHOp beaches at an
astonishing speed, and the onlv wav I on
ever get them Is to "dig" for thein after
tney nave been dug.
The sentence, of course, should have
read that catching Puget sound smelt
with a jigger is fully as exciting as
clam-digging on Puget sound.
We are familiar with several varieties
of Puget sound clam the butter clam,
the cockle clam, tho horse clam and
the geodck. None is so sprightly or
so hunter-wise as the Clatsop razor.
The nearest approach on Puget sound
to the Clatsop razor clam in sophisti
cation is the geoduck, but bagKing
geoducks can hardly be called a com
mon beach sport because they can be
hunted on those rare occasions when
there is a maximum seasonal run-oul
or the tide.
The geoduck (pronounced go-ee-duck
in spite of what the dictionaries may
say) is so big and fleshy that he cannot
withdraw entirely within his shell. His
shells are preposterously small and his
neck preposterously long. When the
neck is distended he resembles a snake
with a bad case of goitre; when the
neck is contracted he looks for all the
world like dressed duck with a fat
breast, minus the legs.
The hunter approaches the geoduck
feeding grounds with extreme caution.
Silence is imperative. His erniinment
should include a mahet, a stake and a
long-handled shovel. The geoduck
spouts two streams instead of the one
that discloses the location of the com
mon clam. The hunter drives in the
stake where the streams have spouted.
If he digs straight down the geoduck
senses danger and removes elsewhere
with all the celerity of a razor clam.
The stake is merely for location. The
wise hunter attacks the geoduck on
tl)e flank. In other words he digs a
deep hole a foot or two away. The
geoduck sits tight and lauslis to him
self thinking the hunter has made a
blunder. But the hunter, when he
reaches tho required depth, makes a
quirk assault on the side of his exca
vation and out tumbles the geoduck.
Now, anybody who has hunted Clat
sop razors knows that that gamey fish
is too temperamental to endure quietly
any excavations in his vicinity. As our
correspondent indicates, speed, skill
and knowledge of his habits are re
quired of hunters for the razor clam.
It would be on interesting study to
determine what element or nature it is
that makes even the clams of Puget
sound lethargic in comparison with
their animated cousins of Oregon. But
so it is. Clam-digging on the sound is
plain hard work. On Clatsop beach it
is exciting sport.
Yes, Portland is a "bad town."
There is gambling, bootlegging and all
kinds of vice, for there are here all
kinds of people and many. The munici
pal court shows a good balance of
fines collected and the jailers show
fair-sized food bills for those in deten
tion, and, on the whole, don't you
think it might be worse? Even Moses,
thousands of years ago, had his
troubles and did his best, just as civic
officials are doing now.
The general assembly is composed
of earnest, sincere men, and if all the
world believed with them there would
be no Sunday papers and the hardest
worked men and women could lie abed
until near church time; but, alas, mil
lions would be so intoxicated with
sleep the next day as to be unfit for
work, and the Sunday paper will con
tinue, growing in size apace .with the
Next Tuesday will be "chuckhole"
day in Baker county. The name ex
plains the object. There are thirty-
five more counties in this state in
cluding Multnomah, too that can fol
low the progressive eastern Oregon
county to advantage.
Municipal ownership is the remedy
for labor trouble. Seattle carmen, for
the asking, get the eight-hour day and
time and one-half. Can anything be
The war has shown that a three
year course at West Point is as good
as using four to graduate a. shavetail.
If Ruth Garrison is content to re
main in the insane ward she shows a
surprising streak of sanity. -
Having seen Haywood go to jail to
stay, the I. W. W. in convention has no
further use for him.
What the Klks undertake they finish,
and the Salvation army drive is an
ussured success.
Possibly Woodrow hates to come
back to a "dry" Washington after
Recall how a year ago we were con
serving sugar? -Do not waste it by
using too much on your strawberries.
Dr. Morrow ceases to be a war-horse
to become "big Injun."
See that dotted line, Mr. Hun? Sign
there today, f
Those Who Come and Go.
Every section of Union county is be- '
ing campaigned for the 6 per cent
measure on the ballot, reports Bruce
Dennis of La Grande. "If this measure
carries." says Mr. Dennis. "Union coun
ty will hold a road bond election to
issue II. 500,000 of bonds. This sum
will be matched by the state and with
the resultant 3. 000.000 Union county
win have a nara-suri'aoed road from
Kamela to North Powder and from La
Grande to Minam. with a branch to
Covo and another branch to Summer
ville. This programme cannot be car
ried out unless the ti. per cent measure
carries, and that is why the campaign
is being conducted for 11."
It would have been a hard winter for
H. R. DeArmond of Vale if Wilson
had not been re-elected. Mr. DeArniond
bet everything he had and then, to put
in the finishing touch, he bet the
money he had set aside for fuel. Had
Wilson been defeated DeArniond woulu
have been compelled to keep his house
warm by burning sagebrush. Mr.
DeArmond came to Portland to attend
the democratic state central commit
tee meeting. He is a director of the
Warm Springs irrigation project in
Malheur county, which Is now niovins
toward completion; at leat the con
crete is being poured in the dams.
Hrrs races, the regular old-fashioned
sort, will be held at Condon for
four days, beginning June 10. says
Prank Smith, merchant k of Condon.
There is a good track and plenty of
fast animals are available, sind the.
racing season promises to loosen up a
lot of spare change, and In that sec
tion r horse race is never run-' without
something being bet on the side. For
seven years Mr. Smith has. been at
Condon and before that he was for
six years at Kossil. and. from the way
he talk?, husines must be pretty goon
up that way. Mr. Smith is at the
Hotel Oregon.
"Nothina; is more Important to the
country east of the Cascades than tho
Irrigation measure on the ballot." says
I. J. Gallagher, "anil noihitiK is trfbre
important to the cost counties than
the Roosevelt highway. Hoth Khoul-I
pass and I believe they will." Mr. Gal
lanher is one of the authors of the Irri
gation measure, which Is generally
referred to as the Gallagher irrigation
plan. He arrived at the Imperial yes
terday for the purpose of devoting the
next two weeks to advocating these
two measures and the reconstruction
measure in the Willamette valley.
Vive le Kranee, a contented row that
holds the world's championship, is
owned by Ovirl Firkard of Marion. Or.,
who was in Portland yesterday. Mr.
Pickard is just about as proud of this
bovine as king would be In owning
the Kohlnoor. Vive le Kranco has
yielded 14.924 pounds of cow sap in a
year and, aside from tills milk record,
there was a little matter of 131 pounds
of butter .fat.
R. N. Stanfielrl. who was in the city
yesterday, is trying to arrange hid
business affairs so that he can take
the stump for the reconstruction
measure, the irrigation measure and
the Roosevelt highway measure, air of
which are to be voted on at the special
election in Juno. As a member of the
reconstruction committee, Mr. Stan
field Is particularly interested in the
passage of these measures, explaining
that they are of vital necessity for the
development of the state and for open
ing up latent resources.
Wool buyers have been called off
lately because of the way the prices
have dropped. Pan O'Laughlin of Suit
Lake, with headquarters at St. Louis
and originally from Ireland, registered
a the Imperial yesterday. He is a wo-1
i.uyer nut today will browse around
among the wool men of Portland.
Grant Smith, one of the biggest con
tractors operating in this country, ar
rived at the Multnomah hotel yester
day. He-Is one of the principal stock
holders In the hotel and one of the
principal owners of the Grant Smith
Porter shipyard. He registers as from
tt. Paul.
C I,. Shaw, president of Albany
Creamery association, was at the Alult
r.onmh vesterday attending the big
dairy meeting. "Vfr making better
butter tbau ever down Albany way."
declared Mr. Shaw. And Albany got
ilie gold medal, first prize award at
the Northwestern dairy products .-how
in Boise.
Jesse Karl, who bail from Tilla
mook, the land of heewe. says there
v.-as a time when Tillamook light was
known ns a warning to keep folks
away from that coast. Now the cheese,
the good roadH an-1 the great climate
beckon folks and they are flocking Til
lamook wn id.
H. j. Hickerson of Bay City, on tho
Oregon coast, is at tho Nortonia for a
few dayn. Hay t'ity is Kprucing ui.
with lumber operations preparing to
get under way and the water on the bar
getting deeper at every tide.
Mrs. W. F. Ostium, who lias been
conducting the Hotel Osburn at Ku
gene. Is at the Hotel Portland. She
met her relatives, Lieutenant-Oom-mander
V. N. Osburn and his wife, at
the hotel. s
A. H. Chambers, an old-timer of
Olympla. Wash., is in town to buy
fancy stock, which he has a habit of
doing from time to time. He is a( tho
Perk Ins.
Don LaRoe. who has been at tho
Foley hotel at La Grando for a long
time, is In the city looking around and
is staying at the Perkins.
R. I. Bull, who has been sick in a
hospital for a week, returned to the
Multnomah yesterday, thankful to be
out again. He is a I'hiladelphian.
James K. RIackwell of Seattle, chief
engineer of the United States shipping,
board for this district, is among the
arrivals at the Perkins.
The Plog family of Hood River are
at the Perkins. There are Mr. and
Mrs. John K. Plog, Olga Plog, Edna
Plog, Harry Plog and Louise Plog.
Motoring from The Dalles, Mr. and
Mrs. F. L. Houghton and Mr. and Mrs.
H. L. Kuck are arrivals at the Nor
tonia. Where Audiences Differ.
The conduct of audiences is. of all
the differences between England and
ourselves. thet one that smites most
squarely in the face. An American au
dience sits receptive. It Is like a pitch
er: you ran fill it up with what vou
will froth. If you like; it signifies but
two emotions, enthusiasm and bore
dom. Knglish audiences of working
people are like an instrument that re
sponds to the player; thought ripples
up and down- them, and- if in some
heart the speaker strikes a dissonance
there is a swift answer. Always the
voice speaks from the gallery or pit.
the terrible voice which detaches Itself
in every English crowd, full of coustic
wit. full of irony, or, maybe, approval.
The voice of the canny, ,skept tc.-u Kng
llshman who will joke the prime min
ister, an 1 heard him do in Newcastle,
or interrupt Bernard Shaw with a per
tinent question. So in Kngland a po
litical meeting is a living thing. On
cannot ever tell how It will turn out.
and not one single one Is like another,
and each lias timbre and quality, peo
ple do not attend them In any passive
spirit. They do not merely go to be In
formed or . pleased: they 6o to take
part and I wish to heaven that that
mellifluous oratory which flows un
checked over the resistless hytds of our
long-suffering American audiences
could be confronted witli the ribald
skepticism of Tyncslde iiumi or the sapi
ent shrewdness of Lancashire.
"Chou Farci a la Ru8e," or
How the Cabbage Pays
the Overhead.
Hy James J. MontaKne.
'It was just a cabbage, innocent of
overhead, when Tony Iorocci. who
brought it into being, plucked It from
the clinging earth and laid it tenderly
in the tonnesu of a. battered flivver. '
Tony got 3 cents for it from the Inter
national Produce company, after coin
mission, demurrage charges, cratage
and deterioration had been deducted.
He was very glad to get the 3 cents,
together with other similar amounts
from other similar cabbages. That
night there was cliiitnti on the table of
the Ioroccis.
The International Produce company
parted with the cabbage the same aft
ernoon to Clancy, the uptown green
grocer, for 8 cents. Clancy is a close
buyer, but nobody ever wheedled the
International Produce company into
operating an eleemosynary institution.
Clancy's customers came and went,
for the next ensuing days, picked up
the cabbage, dug their lingers Into it.
peeled off the outside petals and sought
to penetrate its vitals. Rut when they
Inquired its price and were told that it
was 23 cents, they decided that they
could take it or leave it alone, and
elected to leave it alone.
For by this time the cabbage had
begun to gather overhead. It was
charged with the shoes Clancy's driver
had blown out last week, with the
rhiuestone tiara Miss Nora Clancy had
worn to the chowder ol the Thomas J.
Kinnrgan association, with the light,
beat and rent, and with the barrel of
bourbon Clancy had laid in against the
first of July. Conalde; ir.g these items
2." cents seemed reasonable. Still it
withered on the vegetable stand.
Twenty-five rents Is 2r. rents, even in
these days of 80-eent highba-lls.
Nevertheless, it was a cabbage of
destiny. Three nights later Nikolas
Adrianopaulus. the French chef at
Whaley's. needed cabbage for the sim
ple evening meal which Mr. Whaley
provides for his patron.
Came the cabbage then, to Whaley's.
And on such a night!
Molly Ma lime, who tells tunefully
how she kisses the dear fingers so toil
worn for her. said she couldn't sing
that night tinles she got a new con
tract for fifty more a wtek.
Five members of the jazz hand on
the evening before had become intoxi
cated with their own music or some
thing else, and failed to show up. Their
places had to be euuplled with extras,
who demanded 3 each more than the
Two helnted patrons in the cold gray
dawn of the same morning had dis
covered that they were no match for
the wniters. hut only after six caraffes
and UK wonh of table service lay in
triangular fragments on the floor. And
to add the last straw, the hat check
boy had judiciously given a seedy
atranger a thousand dollar fur coat
bryongitig to a regular patron. The
stranger took the coat avidly and hur
ried out into the night to be swal
lowed up by the great city.
On such a night, as we have related,
ranie tlio cabbage to the kitchen at
And there, on its Innocent head was
visited the consequences of avarice of
Mally Malone and the jazzers. the mis
guided pugnacity of the belated guests,
and the fatal judgment of the hat
checK hoy.
Whether or no. the cabbage had to"
do its share, and it did it nobly.
Each item of loss was prorated upon
It. Up ami up and up went its value.
It came from tho pot a cabbage, true
enough, and exhmled an aroma that
made Casey the rop. standing his lonelv
vigil outside, lick his chops and w ish
h chad a neat little wife in a neat
tittle gown in a neat little flat in the
But 10 minutes later!
"H-m." mused Mimi Montmorency,
the manicure, toying daintily with the
bill affair, "I'm e"na have some o'
j.'hoti farri ala Russe. JI.S3!" read
he out-of-town buyer, following Minii's
taper fingers to the spot where they
had settle. 1. Sounds like sonic kind o'
dessert. "Aw" rl, kid, go as far as vou
In came the Chou Farci ala Russe,
and. from the hands of George the
waiter, was slid deftly before Mimi.
Her nosirils lifted a little. Her fork
raised a fragment of the delicacy to
her pearly lips.
l.ooks like cabbage," observed the
out-or-town buyer.
"I'll say It is cahbage." said Mimi.
"an-1 a dollar and eighty-five a throw.
Ain't that a atrociu?"
iim.s oi i.i)ni:rri;n look hit
Srrerant Hrovtn Will Revive French
Love It Mot Treated Ilrltrr.
PORTLAND. May 20. fTo tho IM-
I or. i I hi'.ve a little experience of
which 1 would like to tell; maybe it
will i some good.
i nave returned rrom overseas just
two mouths ago and know a little of
what 1 am tulking about.
The American soldier who has served
from six niontns to two years in France
can vouch truly for what I snv.
The American soldier when in France
was treated with the utmost. respect by
everyone. Kveryone always had a wel
come ready tor him. Tim oung women
thought whole lot of the American
solilier and when associated together
were i he very best of friends. The
French girl was always very pleasing
to the American friend. They would go
out together and spend the Uay on some
nice boulevard or place of amusemerft,
and regardless whether he had a lot of
money or not. they held always that
open friendship to him. And, of course,
tiny socn got married and every day
linds a boat coming in with some war
Now. the American girl is different.
Since I have come back I have gone
out with a. lot of girls, and whenever
I wouldn't spend my money where they
wanted me to, they got all ruffled up
and treated me very cool. You won't
find that with the French girl. I have
talked with several boys. Just come
hack, ami they say the same thing as
1, and some are going to send over for
their former friend from France.
Does one have to he a millionaire
nowadays to have a girl friend? I have
served 18 months overseas and I can
make a good home over there better
than over here. The American girls
had better give this a good thought
,md be a little n ore careful, or they
will find us all k "ng back over again.
Now, .et's see if we can't make this
country of ours a little more liked by
nil overseas men. Wake up and show
signs of life!
Yours for a French mademoiselle.
102 Infantry, Portland.
lnnorts to Holland.
roilXKl.ll'S. Or.. May 19. (To the
Fditor.) What chance has a man of
being allowed to travel to Holland next
month? Person in question is a born
Hollander, but a naturalized citizen of
the I'nited States. It would not be a
pleasure tri;. The person is needed
! Would he have to have a pass
port? t2) If so. where, and of whom
should he gut it? (3) How long would
it take? RUADlilt.
1 Passports are necessary.
Git Apply at Cnited States court,
Portland, or county clerk. Hlllsboro.
" Application must go to Washing
ton and about tlvree weeks is required
to obtain passport.
In Other Days.
Twenty-five Years Ago.
From The Oregonian of M .r ?'.. ISO I.
Helena. Forty-three Coxeyiics, In
cluding the leaders captured at For
sythe by the military have appeared
before Judge Knowles and been sen
tenced to county jail for terms rang'.njj
from 20 days to six months.
A meeting will be held this evening
in Judge liullock's office for the pur
pose of arranging an appropriate cele
bration of the opening of the Burn-side-street
The Bull Run pipeline would have
been connected with the reservoir at
.Mount Hood Saturday, but for the
heavy rain. By tomorrow night the
connection will be made.
The first Oregon strawberries of the
season made their appearance in the
market Saturday..
Fifty Tears Ago.
London. The only surviving son of
Robert Burns, the poet, is now living
at Cheltenham.
E. F. Schrader, an old citizen of
Portland, died very suddenly yesterday
ot an apopletio stroke.
At the quarterly conference of the
Methodist church of Portland thcuo
trustees were elected: W. S. Iidd,
Cinclnnatus Bills. A. C. Gibbs, W. il.
Walklns. George Abernethy. ,.
Stansbury. K. J. Northrup. W. Cornell
and A. Walts.
A goose belonging to Thomas Moun
tain "shuffled off this mortal coii"
yesterday at the xp of r years.
Ily (irarr llnll.
Man vaunts his powers and loudly doth
His rare Inventions, yielding wealth
and fame;
A' hit of wood or steel, well-f ashioncd.
may procure
T - M 1 1 1 1 r f 1 in',. tk,i V. . t -. ......
From want: and thus, his coffers well I
He rolls in satisfaction, eelf-clated. I
Man boasts his strengtn of arm. his
broadened chest.
And strives with .padded fist to beat
and wrest
From one less husky, co-called victory J
That may accrue beside tho roped-in
rin ks ;
And. having won by knocks and cuffs
and blows.
He struts about and mighty ignorance
Man vaunts his prowess of a mental
No stone is left unturned where ho may
lrcneath. a bit of knowledge, new or
A little metal nugget, quarts or jtold
And having heaved his mite into the
He quickly dons the intellectual squint!
Oh. funny little man! How very small
Your best achievements measure, alter
Of all there is to learn, to know, to do.
Perhaps a single credits given you.
Then on this token you at once descend.
And flaunt it in ureu-t triumph to life a
I'llOI'KIt' Wfli: FOR Olll SMF.LT
Irefer r.ulrhon,''
lllvcr Hreflx.
Pacific railroad man wants to rob
Columbia river smelt our smelt of its
well-known name and give it earK to
the Indians.
The writer believes that your article
is .somewhat misleading and laeTtinc
in information. I believe that you will
find that about the early part of 191T
Doctor David Starr Jordan of Stanford
university - look up this matter of
name with the U. S. bureau of fish
eries, calling their attention to the fact
the so-called "Columbia river"
are not smelt but eulachon spelled
ami pronounced by Canadian Indians
"oolichan." The eulachon. or Columbia
river smelt a we call them, are tar
superior to the Sound smelt or tho
California smelt; and it was for the.
purpose of distinguishing them from
the inferior species that it was sug
gested to the bureau to establish tho
correct name. The bureau of firh-
rtou L.w nmH the name of eulachon in
PORTLAND. May 20. (To the Kdi- 'I
tor.) I refer to the editorial in the I
Oregonian headed "Oolachan" in which I
you Mate that a prominent Canadian I
bulletins and advertising matter for 11
nhout two vears. V
And from our local viewpoint: whit
we are glad to see tho "Columbia river"
brand on any article of merit, the word
"smelt" has been a serious handicap
in marketing this delectable fish be
yond local territory, where the word
"smelt" confuses same with Inferior
species. Why not call them Columbia,
river eulachous? A SL'BSCRIBICK.
If the correspondent means to imply
that "eulachon" has a scientific basS
he is mistaken. The scientific name ot (
the Columbia river smelt is thaleiclithys
Paclficus. If he desires encyclopedic
authority he will find this first desig-
nated in such works as the candle fish.
"Kulaehon," alsVi spelled "oolachan,"
"oolichan'' and "oolakan." is the native
name in British Columbia and Alaska
for the candle fish, according to the
Century dictionary. (
One undeslrability of "eulachon" as
a name for the Columbia river smelt
Is its local application In San Francisco
to the Pacific coal fish, variously
known also as the pollack, skilfish and
It may not be generally known in
Portland that in British Columbia oil
is extracted from the fish we know as
Columbia river smelt and has com
mercial recognition as eulachon or
oolachan oil, a substitute for cod liver
Convention Boycott on Chicago.
PORTLAND. May 20. (To the Fd
jtor.) a recent news report staled
that the new organization of sol
diers and sailors turned down Chicago
as their next meeting place. It seems
to me these men should be imitated in
this action by every organixation who
will meet in convention in the future.
This would be a fitting rebuke to the
city that re-elected a man who was so
openly pro-German during the war. It
would hit Chicuso In her pocketbook,
seeing she cannot be touched any oth
er way. Some will say it would be un
fair to the thousands of patriotic citi
xetis who live In Chicago. I do not
think so. It would be an assistance to
these loyal citisens in helping them
unload their pro-German mayor.
As a Btart I notice the national con
vention of display men are to meet
there in convention this year. I think
it reflects very much on the patriotism
of Hie display men of the country to
meet in this city as long as Thompson
is the mayor. Portland display men
should do their part by protesting the
meeting in this city.
Coins; the Whole Knit.
Arthur Perry In Medford Mail Tribune.
John Mann lias stuck a card up In
his window reading, "A new capture
of waists and gowns." This is liable
to Inspire Sam Richardson to stick
out a sign reading: "These pants jus:
surrendered alter a hard fight."
M .