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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. LVIII NO. 18,212.
Entered at Portland Orrn
PoFtoffire aw Ffcon d -CTaas Matter.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, MAY 13, 1919.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
OF 4 SETS
GREAT BRITAIN WILL
PAY U. S. $35,500,000
COMPLETE SETTLEMENT OF
WAR. CLAIMS EFFECTED.
RED UPRISING PLOT
"QUEEN" OF RADICALS HELD
STRIKE CALLED OFF
AGREEMENT IS REACHED WITH
EMPLOYERS AT SPOKANE.
Strategic Points Awarded
to Italy by Allies.
VIENNA DELEGATES EN ROUTE
Coreans Ask for Liberty From
Rule of Japanese.
1910 TREATY IS OPPOSED
Xctition Filed at Paris Proposes
That Corca Bo Recognized as
a a Independent State.
PARIS, Slay 12. (By the Associated
Press.) The council of four spent the
greater part of the day on the Austrian
boundaries and completed the task of
defining them this afternoon in a ses
sion with the foreign ministers. Such
progress was made that the members
of the council believe that the Austrian
treaty may be completed this week.
Although it is not so stated in the
treaty, the new Austrian frontier is the
one designated by the secret treaty of
London giving Italy all. the strategic
heights and defensive passages.
Austrian Want Wires.
The Austrian authorities have de
manded that direct telegraph and tele
phono communication be offered the
Austrian peace delegation. The German
peace delegates are using the only
wires available and it is not considered
probable that they will agree to give
up any of their facilities.
The council of four today decided to
refer the German notes on labor and
war prisoners to experts for consid
eration instead of answering them at
once, as it did with the first two com
munications from the German delega
tion. VIENNA, May 12. The Austrian
peace delegation will leave "Vienna at
5:20 o'clock today on a special train.
The delegation is due to arrive at Paris
PARIS. May 11. The French ' for
eign office having been informed that
the Austrian peace delegation might be
expected to arrive on Wednesday, work
is being hastened on the delegation's
quarters at St. Germain-en-Laye,
where the Palace of Francis I is being
put In order for the reception of the
Old Palace to Be lied.
It Is planned that the presentation
of the terms of peace will take place
in the most beautiful apartment of the
old palace, which is located on the
first floor and approached by a grand
staircase, the walls of which are em
blazoned with royal devices. The fire
places and ceilings of the apartment
also are beautifully decorated.
Two groups of nearby villas have
been requisitioned for the Austrian and
the Hungarian delegates. They are
nuite distinct, so that no communica
tion can pass between the two dele
gations of the former dual empire. It
is still purposed to conduct the nego
tiations separately, but if possible they
will be carried on simultaneously.
PAIUS, May 12. Baron Sonnino.
Italian foreign minister, held a con
ference today with E. M. House of the
American peace delegation. The con
ferees went over the Italian situation
with a view to reaching a basis of ad
justment before the Austrians arrived.
The conference took place at a
luncheon at which Mr. House was the
Italian Diplomat's guest.
Coreans Want Freedom.
A petition from the Corean people
and nation asking for liberation from
Japan was submitted to the peace con
ference today by representatives of
Corea. The petition also asks for
recognition of Coa-ea as an independent
state and for nullification of the treaty
of August, 1910.
PARIS. May 12. The German dele
gation has handed to the council of
four the German plan for a league of
nations. This plan was drawn up by
Professor Sehuecking, and the prin
cipal feature is an international par
liament composed of ten represents
tives from each nation.
PARIS, May 11. iBy the Associated
Press.) The first exchange between
Count von Brockdorf f-Rantzau and
the allies was considered a prelimin
ary skirmish to the main battle and
as disclosing the allied proposition as
in effect: "Accept the treaty as it
stands, or reject it. one or the other,
as there is no middle ground."
This was the prevailing view 'today
in conference circles generally after
the four notes had been analyzed. The
head of the German delegation also
was thought to accept this construc
tion, as reports were that he was giv
ing his chief attention to the formu
lation of a complete treaty which he
would present as a counter project in
about five days, instead of seeking to
amend or modify the terms of the allied
(Since the foregoing was written,
however, the two additional notes by
Count von Brockdorff-Rantzau were
Bocae Plan to Be Rejected.
This counter treaty would treated
the same a.A the German plans for a
league of nations, neither if which will
be considered, the only question being
the acceptance or rejection of the al
The German project to a league of
(Cuiiclutlcl uu rase -, Column 1.)
British Share in Cost or Production
of Liberty Engines Alone More '
Than Sixteen Millions.
WASHINGTON'. May 12. "A complete
and comprehensive settlement" of all
claims between the United States and
Great Britain growing out of the mil
itary operations has been reached by
the American liquidation commission.
Secretary Baker announced today
that unc'.er tho settlement the British
government would pay the United
States $35,500,000 as a net and final
The claims made by the United States
consist largely of tho British gov
ernment's share in the expense of pro
curing spruce for aviation material, the
production of Liberty engines, the
transportation of American wool turned
over to tho British manufacturers for
uniforms and shipments of cotton lint
ers. powder and distillates.
It - was estimated that the British
should pay 11 per cent of '.he total cost
of producing the Liberty engines, this
item alone amounting to $16,500,000.
The adjustment of the British claim
is the first to be reached by fie Amer
ican liquidation commission.
The chief debts owed by this country
to Great Britain, it was explained, in
cludes cost of transporting troops and
supplies, the cost of munitions and ma
terials, including hundreds of thou
sands of uniforms, rurchased for the
United States expeditionary forces, and
the expense- of American troops trained
in England. These expenr.es, subtract
ed from the debts owed by Great Brit
ain to the United States for spruce,
liberty motors, wool and other ma
terials, resulted in the net debt of
Great Britain to the America . gov
ernment of 35,500,000.
French and Italian claims will be
taken up later.
RECORD WHEAT YIELD'SEEN
Washington Winter Crop to Pass
Last Year's Entire Harvest.
SPOKANE, May 12. A winter wheat
production of 26,846,500 bushels for the
state of Washington is indicated for
next fall by the condition of the crop
May 1, it is declared in the monthly re
port of Julius H. Jacobson, field agent
of the federal bureau of crop estimates
in charge here.
This will exceed the state's combined
spring and winter wheat crop of 1918
by over 400,000 bushels, the report says.
The present acreage, 962,230, Is a 3
per cent loss from last fall, compared
with 4 per cent abandonment last sea
son. Condition of the crop May 1, was
99 per cent of normal.
AIRPLANES BOMB AFGHANS
British Forces Use Machines With
Good It can ft s.
LONDON, May 12. The news from
Afghanistan, where Afghan tribesmen
have been attacking British positions
on the Indian frontier, was scanty but
satisfactory over the week end. The
British drove the Afghans from Ash
rasiakhcl on Friday, while airplanes
crossed the frontier and bombed the
enemy positions at Loidatta with good
results. The Afghans maintain their
positions west of Loidatta.
$4,253,337 ESTATE SEIZED
Enemy Alien Property Custodian
Claims German's Bequests.
NEW YORK, May 12. The enemy
alien property custodian today claimed
the $4,253,337 estate left by Herman
Sielcken, former head of the coffee firm
of Grosman & Sielcken, who died an
enemy alien in Baden Baden. German)
Art 1917 Thfl bulk of the estate was
bequeathed to his wife, who lives in
Payment of any bequests depends
upon the property custodian.
WINDSOR, 0NT., RI0T-T0RN
Homcguards to Bo Called to Keep
Street-Car Strikers Quiet.
WINDSOR, Ont., May 12. Because of
rioting which broke out here this after
noon as the result of attempt of the
Sandwich, Windsor and Amherstburg
Street Railway company to use strike
breakers on its care, local authorities
announced they would ask that a com
pany of home guards be sent from Lon
don, Ont., to assist in preserving order.
The employes, demanding increased
wages, have been out several days. ,
AMERICAN M. P. IS KILLED
Gangsters at Nice Attack Army Po
lice, Fatally Wounding One.
NICE, France, May 12. Two Ameri
can military policemen were attacked
by a gang Sunday night and one of the
policemen, Herbert Larsen, was fatally
Five revolver shots were fired point
blank at the policeman, three of them
striking Larsen, who died several hours
later. The aggressors have not yet been
GOTHAM PROTESTS PHONES
"Service Seriously Interferes With
Conduct of Business."
NEW YORK, May 12. Telephone
service in New York City has "become
so wretched that it seriously interferes
with tho conduct of business," accord
ing to complaints received by the Mer
chants' association and forwarded to
the New York Telephone company in a
letter of protest..
The association asks for a frank explanation.
Lloyd George Balks at Con
ference With Delegates.
ERIN'S AGITATION IS CA"SE
Frank P. Walsh Denif. Meet
ing, Was Ever d.
SAFE C0NDUC - .EQUESTED
Envoys of "Republic" Still Are
Without Orricial Status at
PARIS, May 12. (By the Associated
Press.) It is stated here that David
Lloyd George, Britisn prime minister,
has reconsidered his decision to re
ceive Frank P. Walsh. Edward F.
Dunne and Michael F. Ryan, represent
ing American Irish societies. The rea
son given is the agitation which has
arisen from the visit of the Americans
A dispatch from Paris, April 21, said
Mr. Lloyd George agreed to receive
Messrs. Walsh, Dunne and Ryan, ar
rangements for the meeting having
been made by Colonel Edward M. House
at a luncheon on that day at the resi
dence of the British premier.
Delay la Requested.
Mr. Lloyd George, however, requested
that the Americans remain in Paris un
til the following week, as owing to
pressure of business connected with
the peace treaty, he would be unable
to receive them earlier. The dispatch
added that it was expected that the
Americans would take up with Mr.
Lloyd George the question of his re
ceiving delegates from Ireland who
were going to Paris.
A dispatch from London May 7, after
Mr. Walsh had visited Ireland and re
turned to London, quoted him as say
ing that the Americans had had no con
ference with Mr. Lloyd George, and had
"In fact," Mr. Walsh added, "we see
no reason why we should confer with
Safe Conduct Asked.
Continuing, Mr. Walsh declared that
what the American delegation wanted
was safe conduct from Ireland to Paris
for Professor de Valera and a dele
gation representing the "Irish repub
lic," and had made the request direct
to Mr. Lloyd George, who answered
that he wished to confer with the
Americans before acting, but that his
duties precluded his seeing them in less
than a week.
Mr. Walsh eaid that therefore he and
the other delegates went to Ireland,
but that they would be back in Paris
(Concluded on Page 7. Column
t CONSUMER: "REMEMBER, SHE'S BEEN IN THE -BARN A LONG TIME, AND YOU'VE GOT TO
. BE CAREFUL!"
1 1 " i
Plans Said to Have Been Ready for
Outbreak by Anarchists on In- I
CHICAGO, May 12. Marie Nardini.
called "Queen of the Reds." by govern
ment authorities, her husband. Pas
quale, and Adolph and Joseph Fratesi,
are being held on deportation warrants
today following a raid on a. flat and
the seizure of a quantity of anarchistic
The Nardinis were released two
weeks ago from the Wisconsin state
prison, where they were serving terms
in connection with the explosion in
1917 that killed seven detectives in a
Milwaukee police station. The action
of the lower court which resulted in
their entence had been reversed.
After translating the documents
seized, federal authorities said the evi
dence indicated the group had been
working to bring about an uprising of
radicals on Independence day as a pro
test against imprisonment or deporta
tion of "reds."
BOSTON, May 1-. Thirteen men ar
rested during May day disturbances in
the Roxbury district were found guilty
today of rioting and assault on police
men. - Sentences of a year and a half
In the house of correction were im
posed on r.ine, while the others received
six months. All appealed. Nineteen
others were then placed on trial.
NEW TORK, May 12. Police Com
missioner Enright announced tonight
the pollco department would pay "a
substantial reward" for the apprehen
sion of the May day bomb plotters who
attempted to throw the country into a
panic by sending bombs to federal of
ficials and prominent citizens.
The offer of a reward by Commis
sioner Enright was taken to mean that
the police at least had despaired of
solving the mystery by means of any
clews so far obtained.
SAN FRANCISCoTMay 12. Sentence
of Emil Herman of Everett, Wash., secretary-treasurer
of the state socialist
organization, to ten years' imprison
ment at McNeils Island for violation
of the espionage act, was upheld to
day by the United States circuit court
NEW TORK, May 12. Charged with
violation of the espionage law in hav
ing attempted to interfere with the
sale of victory liberty loan notes. Jacob
Itzlkson, a Russian, was arraigned be
fore a United States commissioner here
today and held for the federal grand
jury In 550,000 Itzikaon's- alleged
offense was the publication in the radi
cal magazine, "Freedom," of an article
attacking the loan as for the benefit
of "swindlers and profit-mongers."
FAST MAILJS PROMISED
Air Service Between Chicago and
Cleveland to Be Inaugurated.
WASHINGTON, May 12. Inaugura
tion of air mail service between Chi
cago and Cleveland Thursday will ad
vance carrier delivery of mail bear
ing air-mail stamps at Cleveland and
Boston by 16 hours and at Albany,
N. T-, and New York City and Spring
field, Mass, by six hours. Assistant
Postmaster-General Praegcr announced
Armies on Rhine Ready for
TREATY TERMS ROIL EBERT
Peace Pact Is Declared to Be
U.S. ARMY SOUNDS TEUTONS
Inquiry Shows That Many Persons
Are Bitter Over Terms, But Re
fusal to Sign Is Not Likely.
LONDON, via Montreal, May 12.
Reutcr's Limited learns that in the
event of Germany not signing the peace
treaty, which is regarded as unlikely,
all military arrangements have been
made for the allied armies to advance
in exactly the same way as they would
have done had Germany not accepted
the armistice terms.
BERLIN, May 12. Big demonstra
tions against the signing of the peace
treaty by Germany were held Sunday
in Berlin, Breslau, Danzig, Koenigs
berg, Cassel. Bochum and other places.
The demonstrations were organized by
the national people's party.
"If this treaty comes to pass, I will
bring up my children In hatred," said
Deputy Traub, speaking In Berlin.
"Germany has seized and unfurled &
new banner, on which are inscribed
President Wilson's 14 points, which the
president apparently has deserted." said
Friederich Ebert, the German president,
in a statement to the Associated Press
Ebert Speaks With Aim.
President Ebert called the peace
treaty a "monstrous document." He
declared that history holds no prece
dent for such determination to anni
hilate completely vanquished peoples.
President Ebert declares that the
world's .youngest republic in the hour
of gravest peril had weighed its over
seas big brother and found him want
ing. In a statement intended primarily for
the American people, which he desig
nated "a moral declaration of war upon
all that remains of the old system of
international politics," the first presi
dent of the German republic discussed
with outspoken frankness the peace
situation, the state of the German peo
ple and the prospect of the immediate
Socialiata lteea.lder View.
Although the Independent socialists
had adopted the standpoint that peace
must be signed at all costs, the tre
mendous pressure of public expression
has led them to reconsider their view,
many of them Joining the multitude
(Concluded on Page 3. Column l.
New Pact's lent ii res Include Open'
Shop, Recognition of Vnion and
SPOKANE. Wash.. May 12. (Special.)
The strike of Spokane tca-nstcrs and
chauffeurs is off. The strike, called
a week ago,' was officially declared
ended today. The men will return to
work at 8 o'clock tomorrow i.;orning.
An agreement with the employers
was reached last right by the Joint
conference committee, but could not be
made official until ratified by the
union today. Approximately 600 mem
bers gathered In Foresters' hall at 10
o'clock and heard the reading of the
revised agreement. Only six votes
were cast against the acceptance of
Features of the new agreeemcnt are
the open shop, the recognition of the
union, eight-hour day. time and a half
for overtime and the reinstatement to
their former positions of all men who
have been out on strike.
Mike Casey, international vice-president
of the union, with headquarters
in San Francisco, came to the city to
participate In the negotiations.
RANGERS TO USE PIGEONS
Birds Will Be Trained to Carry Mes
sages About Porct Fires.
EUGENE, Or., May 12. (Special.)
Six pairs of homing pigeons were
taken to each of the ranger stations
in the Cascade national forest Sunday
and will be trained to carry messages
from the men who go out to fight fires
to the different stations to which they
arc attached. The birds were taken to
Oak Ridge, McKenzio bridge and
Reserve, where the stations are located.
The plan is to use these pigeons
when a call for help to extinguish
forest fires is urgent. The "fire
chasers" will take them along in cages
when looking for fires and if it is
found that any of the fires needs a
larger force of men to combat them
the birds will be liberated with a mes
sage telling just how many men and
what equipment is needed.
ARMORY BONDS ARE VOTED
Silverton Votes to Co-operate Wijth
State for Building.
SILVERTON. Or, May 12. (Spe
cial.) At a special election held here
today Silverton voted three to one la
favor of bonding the city for $10,000
to help build an armory. The last legis
lature appropriated $20,000 from the
state and county fund for the con
struction of the armory in this city,
with the understanding that Silverton
would give 110.000. Now that the citi
zens have expressed themselves favor
ably to the appropriation, the armory
will be built during the next .few
months. It will probablv be located
on a lot near the Southern Pacific depot.
Question of Joint Strike or Separate
Walkouts to Be Beclded.
CHICAGO. May 12. Conferences be
tween officials of the Commercial Tele
graphers' and the electrical workers'
unions will be held this week to decide
whether a joint strike or separate
walkouts shall be called, according to
S. J. Small, president of the teleg
raphers, who arrived from Washington
ip::ex of today's news
TESTER DAY'S Maximum temperature.
uriiieti, in iii i in u in aegrees.
TODAY'S Fair: light to heavy frost; gentle
Council of four sets Austrian boundaries,
Brazil journalist declares United States Is
treaty. Page .
Huns cultivate home hostility to
treaty. Page 0.
Numberless little nations clamor for recog
nition. Page 5.
British prime minister reconsiders decision
to receive representatives of American
Irish societies. Page 1.
Allies ready to advance If Germans refuse to
sign peace treaty. Page 1.
Boche rage at allies grows. Page 1.
Filers" hop-off for Azores is again postponed.
Hundred hours in Argonne tests men's en
durance. Page .
Outcome of venate fight on Penrose
Warren uncertain. Pago 3.
Future Chinese loans to bo widely distributed.
All war claims between United States and
Britain settled. Page 1.
Arrest of four radicals in Chicago . nips red
uprising plot. Page 1.
May day rioters sentenced to jail. Page 1.
Teamsters' and chauffeurs' strike ended
in Spokane. Page 1.
Alalsel and Fallenune expected to
up Beaver team. Page 14.
Interscholastic league has full schedule for
present week. Page 15.
Seat sale for Wtllard-Dempscy fight al
ready totals 175.000. Page 14.
Commercial and Marine.
Larse ir;;i crop, on coast are
Ten-cent jump in Chicago corn market.
Stock prices waver for first time
eral weeks. Page -3.
Steamer Grahamona to go on PortlanU-Lew-iston
Portland and Vicinity.
Location of The Oalles-Mosier highway link
proves puzzle. Page 1:4.
Oregon land aettlement commission organizes
fur work. Page G.
Heturnlns army engineers to be welcomed to-
Uay. Page 7.
Slate traffic law thousht to repeal city
ordinances on sneeulns. Page 13.
Use of Columbia slough as sewer favored.
Salvation Army drive for funds reccivos ap
proval. Page 12.
Ten-mill city tax and St. 657,000 bond Issue
to be asked of voters. Page -.'.
.Weather report, data and fgiccaat. Pase 23,
Storm Over Peace Treaty
May Bring Disaster.
GOVERNMENT CRISIS IS NEAR
If Pact Is Signed Present Rul
ers May Be Hurled Out.
MILITARISTS GAIN HOPE
With Iiicrca.-ins Auger of l'eoplc at
Terms, Army Clique Sees Oppor
tunity for Making Coup.
By CYRIL BROWN
Copyright by the New York World,
Published by Arrangement.
BERLIN', May 12. (Special Cable.)
Germany's greatest propaganda, in pro
test against the peace terms is now i:i
full motion throughout the German
press. It Is gaining momentum hourly
and may reach alarming proportions
with sensational consequences. There
is a possibility that tne present govern
ment, which raised the storm, may bo
swept by it into a refusal to sign a.
peace or in going out of office.
The serious thing in this demonstra
tion is that there is no bluff or sham
in it. It voices the feelings of most
thinking Germans and thus mkaes
strong appeal to the German mentality.
Already it has begun to arouse and in
flame the masses here and there. Mili
tarism is taking fresh hope and reac
tion is restlessly stirring.
Crinis Seem to Impend.
There are rumors of an Impending
government crisis. Efforts are in
progress to reconcile and reunite tho
majority and independent-socialist fac
tions and to establish an all-socialist
coalition, while the communist leaders
scorn a socialist government and wish
to proclaim the dictatorship of the
Everything is p'ossible in. Germany
before the expiration of the time limit
for signing the peace. Coincident with
the propaganda the German socialists
are appealing to "socialists of all coun
tries," while the German officers
league protests against giving up their
former war lord and against "history's
most vicious peace." In memory of
1.500.000 comrades who gave their lives
for the existence of the fatherland."
the Saxon government telegraphs "Sax
ony's pain and Indignation" to Presi
dent Ebert and the magistracy of Ber
lin voices its "deep shock" over the
Silesia Declared Urrmis.
The students of Breslau university
have firmly resolved that "Silesia is
German, according to President Wil
son's own principles." These are a few
typical samples from the day's big bag.
More thought provoking is the re
ported "storm in upper Silesia." which
has involved public demonstrations,
with singing of "Deutschland uber
Allies" and the waving of the old na
tional white, black and red flag, with
the approval of the Silesian socialist
and communists, leading people in Ber
lin to speculate on the possibility that
the German population of the eastern
province will be carried away by pa
triotic fervor, take matters into their
own hands and start guerrilla warfare,
in Balkan style, against the Poles.
With the possible exception of Maxi
milian Harden, no German of promi
nence finds even partial acceptability
in the peace terms as proposed.
1 reaty Declared Crime.
Many say they are too overwhelmed
with pessimism to talk and must wait
until they can recover from the shock.
The most bitter critic that the World,
correspondent met today is Professor
Schiemann. nationalist and friend of
"President Wilson Is a hypocrite and
the Versailles treaty is the vilest crime
in history," he exclaimed indignantly.
"It is almost unbelievable that such
terms can be imposed on a nation which
held out four and one-half years
against a world of enemies. Should
these terms be accepted Germany's
right of existence would be denied.
Such a peace ought not to be signed,
but we cannot trust this government,
which is capable of anything.
"The kaiser was tricked and betrayed
into abdication. Thereby he barred his
future. Nobody in Germany believes
he can ever return as a monarch. His
trouble was that he was not militarist
enough, not enough of a soldier, and
he wasvtoo peace-loving. If Frederick
the Great had been in the-kaiser's place
the outcome would have been different.
Peace Makers Scored.
"Nothing remains except a parody of
President Wilson'o 14 points, which we
accepted in good faith, believing in Mr.
Wilson's honesty, and believing that
what he said was protected by Amer
ican honor. This peace purposes to
tear Germany to shreds and pieces, for
revenge and greed, in place of the
promised humanity. Self - determina
tion has become a byword. Anything
may now be expected of the court to
which the kaiser is to be surrendered.
"Wnat has become of President "Wil
"Our decision lies clear. If a break
comes we will not bo the only ones to
suffer. Already we may see nemesis
taking a course from the Rhine into
Frauce and England."