Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, April 18, 1919, Image 1

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    VOL. LVII1. 0. 18,222.
CnterH at Portland lO r
Votn,.9 am tc-nd-daV Mitttf.
Orientals Threaten Sepa
rate Peace With Huns.
Council of Four Acts Withou
,. Consulting Nipponese.
Japanese Delegates 'Will Withdraw
- IT Allies Refuse WL-hes as to
KJxKbaa and Shantun;.
Ccpmfbt br the X.w Y.rk World. Pub
lish. br Am(cmtnL
PARIS. April 17. ( Special cable.)
ll.Jipan'i position toward Kiaocnau
and Snsniung is sot approved br the
peace conference, aha will withdraw
and nak her own arrangement with
(ierminj. ba can stand two dellb
erata affronts, hut she will not eubmi
to a third."
Thia statement was made to me br a
Japanese official who does not wish
bis name used, hot who feels that Ja
pan's attitude should be made clear.
and who reaenta. aa doea his country,
wbat ia regarded aa a persistent bu
subsurface policy to minimise her in
fluence and to diminish her power.
Orieatal Delegate lawered.
The affronts referred to lie in the
fact that after attending a meeting of
the council of ten and one meeting of
what later became a council of four.
Baron htaklno aince baa been ignored
and haa bad no participation In the af
fairs of the ruling body of the confer
ence. The second indignity waa the
defeat of the amendment to the league
of nations covenant providing against
racial discrimination.
Italy and, Bolshevism have been up
to jiow the two menacing phases of the
work of the peace conference, but now
a third ia added to the danger list i
the form of the Japanese question. Del
egates of th Island Empire have said
little and have done nothing, but they
have observed everything, and when
thrr are ready they will move In de
lermlned fashion.
laiaaedlate Deelalea Demanded.
Not a word has been said on the
subject of Japanese claims in China
growing- ont ot the war with Germany,
yet these questions must be settled be
fore the treaty ia ready for the enemy
commissioners and Japan purposes in
sisting that the definition of the attl
tude of the peace conference towards
these claims be made immediately.
She is less inclined to be forbearing
after Friday night's meeting of the
league ot nations commission which
left a bigger stain on her honor, as she
vlewa it. than haa been inflicted since
Perrr and Town send Harris brought
her western civilization.
New light Is breaking on the league
of nationa Incident light that isn't at
all pleasant in what it shows and less
in what it promises. The vote that
defeated the amendmeent was 11 for
it, with six either against or not vot
inc. These six were President Wilson
and E. XL House for the United States;
Lord Robert Cecil, for Great Britain,
and delegates from Brazil, Foland and
Mack Irrltatloa la Kelt.
The last two are absolved br Japan,
for it realized that the question of
Jewish equality may have affected
their positions, although Japanese feel
that if tho league ia at all what it
purports to be a real society of man
kind, actuated by desire to avoid and
eliminate war- then, the primary tenet
should be equality of races and reli
gions. In that they show keener ap
preciation of the spirit of the league
than do certain other members.
But while they realize the reasons ot
Toland and Roumania, they can tee no
reason for the roles played by the other
three and these are sources of deep Ir
ritation that would be unwise to deny.
By clever parliamentary practice the
six who did not approve of the amend
ment escaped being put In the position
of outrightly opposing the Japanese
Mllswa Severely Crltlrtaed.
rresident Wilson, who was in the
chair, asked those In favor of the mo
tion to bold up their hands. 11 did so.
There were 17 present, so the six who
did not Indicate their approval of the
amendment can technically assert that
they did not vote against it- But, on
the other hand, they did not vote for It.
President Wilson haa been severely
criticised for what Is called his re
versal of ruling. Earlier in the even
ing be declared that Geneva had been
chosen aa the seat of the league, al
though the vote was not by any means
unanimous. Tet be declared the Japan
ese amendment lost, although it got
precisely the same vote as did the
Geneva proposal. No explanation of
thia two-edged decision haa been made.
There Is a well-authenticated atory,
and one which the Japanese accept
without reservation, to the effect that
a deal was made between the United
States and Britain on the Japanese
question. Under it the United States
was to oppose the amendment against
which Lloyd GeorKe stood hard in order
to placate Premier Hughes of Austra
lia, who was becoming disaffected by
the premier's ahilur-ahally policy on
reparations. In return Great Britain
was to withdraw her eleventh-hour ob-
.ti'o&cuaed ea 1'as a. Column .).
Germans Scheduled to ArrlTe
Versailles Sight ot April 23.
Huns Denied Discussion.
PARIS. April 17. (By the Associate
Press.) The procedure on the arrival
of the German plenipotentiaries at Ver
sailles has virtually been decided upon.
It will be President Wilson and the
premiers who will hold the first meet
ing and deliver the treaty, as it is not
deemed feasible to have all the allied
powers attend this initial session.
The actual arrival of the Germans at
Versailles, It is stated. Is scheduled for
Fridsy night, April 25. but the meet
ing with the president and preral .rs
will not be held until Saturday and
may even be deferred until Monday.
After the treaty Is actually delivered,
it Is intended to allow adequate time
for the Germans to make inquiries con
cerning the various details before re
turning to Weimar. This is expected
to take about two days, the first day
being devoted by the Germans to famil
iariaing themselves with the terras
and the second day to answering such
Inquiries as they may make.
There is no purpose to have thlr as
sume the character of a discussion, but
merely the elucidation of any points
which may assist in obtaining prompt
and favorable action when the pleni
potentlaries return to Weimar.
It is believed the stay of the pleni
potentiaries at vV?imar will cover
week, thus bringing them back to Ver
sailles about May I to 10. This, how
ever, is conjectural, for it Is dependent
upon the rapidity of the decisions
reached at Weimar.
Premier Lloyd George's declaration in
the British parliament that full guar
antees had been given France against
renewal of German attacks is the
first authoritative statement that auch
guarantees have been given and aroused
the keenest discussion regarding the
nature of the guarantees aa affecting
the United States and Great Britain.
The French reports say that the guar
antees amount to an alliance and the
semi-official Temps says:
'Premier Lloyd George's language
admits of only one meaning. This is
that Great Britain and the United
States engage to sustain France in case
she is again attacked by Germany.
Such an alliance is legitimate and nec
essary. Mr. Lloyd George would not
pronounce such words lightly and his
announcement is singularly instruc
tive," .
The council ef four, which framed
the guarantees as part of the Rhine
kvitlement. has thus far maintained a
rigid silence except for the rxneral
declaration of Mr. Lloyd George-
Viscount Chinda of the Japanese del
egation arranged today for his appear
ance before the council of four Satur
day on the Kiao-Chau Juestion with a
view to an adjustment with ' China
which shall be Incorporated In the
peace treaty. The American delegates
believe that an accord will be reached
whereby China will ultimately control
Klao-Chau. with suitable recognition
of Japan's efforts.
A plenary session of tho peace con
ference will be held two days next
week, Wednesday ' and Thursday, to
pass upon a large number, of remain-
ng details before the meeting with
the Germans.
Planes f all at Venice, Cal., and at
Kelly Field, Texas.
VEXICE, Cal.. April 17. Andrew Cur
ry, an aviation instructor employed by
school here, and Frank Zebolla of
Venice, a pupil, were killed today when
their plane went Into a. tall spin and
fell 2000 feet in a residence section of
the city. The aviator, who lived a few
minutes, told the police be waa unable
to get control of the dual control plane
because his pupil became excited and
clung to his controls.
SAN ANTONIO, April 17. R. S. Jones
of Brooklyn. N. T.. a flying cadet at
Kelly field, died today as the result of
injuries when the airplane in which he
was flying with Lieutenant C. B. Sher
ry fell at Stlnson field. Sherry was
only slightly injured. An involuntary
ail spin was the cause of the accident.
British Artillery Uses 4,000,000
Rounds In Battle of Somme.
WASHINGTON. April 17. During the
battle of the Somme in 1916 the British
army used 4.000,000 rounds of ar
tillery ammunition; according to a sta
lstical announcement published today
by the war department. This is the
largest number or shells used in any
Ingle engagement so far as records
Second In amount of artillery am
munition used was the battle of Mes-
Ines ridge in 1917, when 2.751,000
rounds were used by the British. For
single hour, however, American forces
1 the battle of the St. Mihiel salient
1 ISIS far surpassed this record, using
.093,217 shells In four hours.
Head of Kansas Miners Objects to
Fuel Chiefs Orders.
PITTSBURG, Kan.. April 17. Alex-
nder Howat. president of the Kansas
strict. United Mine Workers of Amer
ica, challenges the right of Dr. H. A.
Garfield, federal fuel administrator, "to
Irect the affairs of our organization in
this district," In a message sent to Mr.
Garfield today.
Tbe message was in reply to one re
ceived from Mr. Garfield yesterday di
recting Mr. Howat to put the striking
Central Coal and Coke company miners
ack at work and appear before the'
labor, board to submit their complaint.
Lax Frontier Guards Give
Reds Big Opportunity.
propaganda Kapimy penetr
ing Farther West.V
People's Leaders Despondent Be
cause Socialist Programme Pre
vents Proper Financial Aid.
VIENNA, April 17. By the Associ
ated Press.) The spread of bolshevik
propaganda westward is being greatly
favored by tne laxity of frontier regu
lations, tho least guarded being those
of Poland. Trains are arriving at Buda
pest and Vienna from the east carry
ing numbers of agents supplied with
all sorts of false passports and money.
The observations of the correspond
eat showed that the best guarded fron
tier apparently la that of East Prussia.
where the bolshevlkl are made to un
derstand they are not welcome. Trains
from Cracow Into German Silesia and
Bohemia, however, are filled with non
descript individuals from Russia whose
papers either are not examined at all
or are looked over most casually. Con
ditlons are much the same as regards
the trains entering Hungary by way
of the Ukraine and East Gallcla. It is
even asserted that notwithstanding the
Italian restrictions, entrance to Italy
Is not difficult.
V. S. Passports Forged.
The falsification of American pass
ports is declared to be so common tnat
the representative of the American
diplomatic service here attached to the
Spanish embassy states that it would
be advisable to increase the difficul
ties of fraud by requiring the applica
tion of thumb prints to all . original
United States passports, as it Is easy.
it is claimed, to substitute new photo
graphs and imitate the signature .
Reports of the executions at Buda
pest of Count Michael Karolyi, Arch
duke Joseph and others are untrue. The
city continues outwardly quiet, with
progress being made toward the na
tionalization of property. It is esti
mated there are o jy 20 naturalised
Americans and American f wives of
Hungarians in Hi flgary.
Count Ka elyi firds socialism a diffi
cult prograi'ime .nd was much down
cast when here. His despondency was
caused partly because he 'waa being1 re
stricted In his expenditures. In former
times he was accustomed ' spending
,000,000 crowns annually.
Tension la Manifest,
Count Karolyi's frame of mind Is
(Concluded on Page. 2. Column
t '
I ' w hp
International Situation.
(Br the Associated Press.)
ITH the return to Paris of Pre
mier Lloyd George, accompanied
by the earl of Curson and Lord Milner.
it is expected that there will' be a
speeding up of the final preparations
preliminary to the gathering of the
representatives of the associated pow
ers with the German delegates at Ver
sailles on April 25. .
There was no meeting of the council
of four at Paris Thursday and Presi
dent Wilsonthus was enabled to take
ur 'ny matters with various oeiega
y , which may be considered side
is of the coming peace settlement.
" 3 problems of many countries, in-
jdlng Ireland, Roumania, Serbia and
ortugal, thus again have come under
the consideration of the president.
According to the present purpose the
covenant of the leairue of nations will
be the first subject treated in detail
after the declaratibn of peace. After
that the matter of the military, naval
and aerial terms, reparations, responsi
bilities and frontiers will be taken in
As it is evident that the question of
the possession of F'jme and the Dal
matian coast has not yet been settled
definitely, the Italian delegates are
working earnestly to secure a decision
before the Italian chamber of deputies
meets on April 24.
It is the intention of the aeronauti
cal commission of the peace conference
to, form a permanent international
commission on aerial navigation to act
as a clearing house on all questions of
air navigation between the respective
That the internal political and labor
troubles in Germany are not to be per
mitted to encroach upon the occupied
zone anywhere is indicated by an order
of the British commander of the Rhine
which informs the strikers in Cologne
that they must return to work im
mediately on pain of having strong
measures taken against those who pro
mote or countenance unrest. The
American commander some time ago is
sued a similar order.
Northern Italy is experiencing a spell
of labor trouble, the workmen at Mi
lan, Bologna, Turin and Genoa, the
principal manufacturing cities, having
gone on a zt-hour strike, earner in
the week at Milan there was fighting
in the streets between socialist and
anti-socialist croups, in which four
persons were killed and several were
wounded. TrooDS had to be called to
restore order.
Labor troubles also are brewing in
the department of the Seine, France,
of which Paris is the capital. A one
day strike has been called for May 1
by the General Federation of Labor to
put forward the federation's pro
gramme, which calls for an eight-hour
day, political amnesty, non-intervention
in Ru:ia, lifting of 'the state of
siege and the censorship and the return
of constitutional guarantees. -
Disorders of such magnitude are re
ported from both European and Asiatic
Turkey as to frive rise to the fear that
there will be great outbreaks at various
points and new massacres of Arme
An investigation by the Belgian cen
tral industrial committee of the dam
ages suffered by Belgium as a result of
the war shows that these aggregate
35.000.000,000 francr.
A Russu.n bolsnevik , wireless, com
munication announces that the bolshe
vlkl at various points on the western
Russian front from . the Black sea to
the Baltic havo been victorious in fight
ing against various groups.
Object, Say Officers,
Efficient Army.
Means for Enforcing Discipline
Held Essential.
System Credited With Producing
"Best Disciplined Army in Eu
rope" Under Investigation.'
WASHINGTON, April 17. The system
of military jurisprudence is designed
to produce an efficient, dependable
fighting army, not to do exact jus
tice to individual soldiers, according
to the views vigorously presented today
to the committee of the American Bar
association by army officers of field
experience, including Major-General
Edwin F. Glenn, organizer and com
mander of the 83d division, now in
command of Camp Sherman.
In attaining that objective, tho of
ficers contended, the present machinery
for enforcing military discipline had
proved both efficient and fair, the final
product of the system closely approxi
mating justice to the individual in ad
dition to producing what General Glenn
described as the best disciplined army
in France.
Absurd Sentences Admitted,
Cases of court-martial sentences so
excessive in the penalty awarded as to
be ridiculous were freely admitted by
the officers. Such sentences only
served, General Glenn insisted, to prove
that even in the early stages of military-legal
proceedings, the action of
the courts in no case being final, fair
ness was the general rule.
Judge Gregory, chairman of the com
mittee, and General Glenn engaged in
considerable argument which brought
out that the officer, speaking both from
his military experience and his special
training -n civil law as a graduate of
the law school of the University of
Minnesota, saw little in common be
tween the purposes of civil justice and
its military equivalent.
Exact Justice Not Aim.
Major Charles H. MacDonald, Gen
eral Glenn's divisional judge advocate
at Camp Sherman, and before the war an
Attorney for the federal trade commis
sion, followed his chief and expressed
the same views.
'You are not looking for exact jus
tice," Major MacDonald declared, "when
you are building an army of the size
of that the United States was build-
ng. Suppose men did get sentences of
!0 years or 40 years. The dishonor
able discharges were suspended and
(Concluded on F&ffe 3. Column 2.)
Woman, Carried Three Blocks, I:
Thrown From Machine and Suf
fers Head Injuries.
In an effort to save her father's au
tomoblle from two thieves who were
driving it away from Westminste
Presbyterian church last night, Eliza
beth Cornfoot, 16, daughter of William
Cornfoot, shipbuilder, and Mrs. Eliza
beth Cornfoot, jumped boldly on the
running board of the machine and
ordered the driver to stop. The thieves
threw her off the car after carrying
her three blocks. She 'njured her head
so severely when she ffell that
physician's services weVe necessary.
The thieves ran into the curb and
wrecked the automobile in trying to
negotiate the turn at East Fourteenth
and Schuyler streets. After the wreck
they deserted the machine and fled
foot. Police had not apprehended them
at a late hour.
The Cornfoot family had attended
the Thursday-night services at the
Westminster church. Miss Cornfoot
came out of the edifice in time to see
two young men driving off with th
machine. Without waiting to call for
assistance she rushed across the side
walk and attempted to stop them.
The collision with the curbin
wrecked the automobile, breaking, one
wheel and doing the machine othe
minor damage. Miss Cornfoot's injuries
are not considered dangerous. William
Cornfoot, the owner of the car.
president of the Albina Engine & Ma
chine works.
Tacoma Council Refuses to Same
Representative on Committee.
TACOMA, April 17. The Tacoma Cen
tral Labor council, by a viva voce vote
which was almost unanimous, last, nigh
refused to appoint a labor repr'isenta
tive on the victory loan committee, or
to have anything to do with pushing
the bonds.
The action is regarded us an attempt
by the radical labor element to boy
cott the loan, it was asserted by con
servative labor men today.
Charles' Perry Taylor, secretary of
the Washington State Federation of
Labor, was present at the meeting and
he quietly left the room when the ad
verse vote was announced.
The labor delegates took up a collec
tion for the defense of the men ar
rested for selling tags for the benefit
of the soldiers' and sailors' council two
weeks ago.
Communication Between Berlin and
Munich Ceases.
BERLIN. April IS, 10 P. M. (By the
Associated Press.) Railroad communi
cation between Berlin and Munich has
ceased. Bamberg, which is still the
seat of the Hoffmann government, also
is cut off from Munich.
Numerous rumors are current, but
there is nothing to indicate clearly
which party is in control. The troops
apparently have been successful in con
fining the insurrection to Munich.
Government Preparing to Spend
$450,000,000 in United States.
NEW YORK. April 17. The Polish
government is preparing to purchase
$450,000,000 worth ot supplies in the
United States this year, according to
E. Levin ski Corwin, a Polish economist,
who delivered an address last night at
a. meeting of the Polish engineers and
merchants in America.
The Weather.
TESTF.RDAT'S Maximum temperature.
degrees; minimum, 52 degrees.
TODAY'S Bain; fresh southerly winds.
Japanese angered at affronts at peace con
ference. Page 1.
Bolshevik agents pour out of Russia. Page 1.
AUies givo new lifo to Salonica, Page 4.
Thousands of Christian women leave Turk
iah harems destitute. Page 3.
Council of four alone to give treaty to Ger
mans. Page 1.
Financial status of enemy nation's filed.
Page 1.
International air rights considered at Paris
conference. Page v.
Russian soviet forces claim continued sue
cess. Page 2.
Final treaty draft proceeds rapidly. Page 6.
Getting lost In battle often serious thing for
soldiers. Page 21.
Americans in Corea cemplain of search.
Page 5.
Rainbow contingent men to reach New York
April 27. Page 5,
Justice held not court-martial aim. Page 1.
Naval tugboat sunk by collision with troop
ship. Page 14.
Pacific Northwest.
War hero gets naturalization papers. Page 1.
Coast league results: Portland 8, Salt Lake
2; Seattle v, Sacramento i, uaKiana a,
San Francisco Los Angeles 1, Vernon
a Page 16.
Laurelhurst club gets tennis tourney. P. 17.
Commercial and Marine.
Wool sells at higher prices in Portland mar
ket. Page 27.
Evening up of corn trades puts bears at
disadvantage, rage f. .
Fifteen wooden steamships sold by shipping
board, five Portland built. Page 19.
New bids for St. Johns terminal piers called
for. Page 1.
Stock market closes steady on eve of holi
day. Page 27.
. Portland and Vicinity.
Columbia slough sewer to be decided by out-
of-town engineer, page la.
Enthusiasm grows for victory loan. Page 21.
Increase of pay of teachers put up to tax
payers May 10. Page ZZ.
Sergeant Holbrook, veteran of hospital com
pany home, rage
Livestock exposition grounds prepared.
Page 28.
Churches to observe Good Friday today.
Pago 22.
.Weather report,, data and forecast-. Pago 27.
Early Payments by Boche
Twenty Billion Marks.
Property Stolen From Allies to
Be Restored.
Manufactured Goods, Handed Over
From Time to Time, to Be De
ducted From Claims.
(Copyright by the New York World. Pub
lished by Arrangement.)
PARIS, April IS. (Special cable.)
An informative report on the financial
capacity of the enemy to meet demands
for reparation was presented tonight
by the subcommittee on reparations.
This is one of tbe reports on final
terms of reparations which was filed
in a dispatch by Mr. Swope a week ago,
and was suppressed under such scan
dalously underhand conditions by the
supposedly non-existent British cen
sorship. As Premier George will already have
made his speech in parliament before
this dispatch can be published, the
same motive cannot exist for sup
pressing this document as undoubtedly
actuated the suppression of Mr.
Swope's important and illuminating
German. Resources Considered.
If the British press bureau, as is al
leged by Premier George, spokesman
here, was responsible for withholding
the preceding dispatch from publica
tion, the promised extinction of that
department on April 30 will have been
preceded immediately by one of the
most typically dishonest and most
stupid acts for which its inglorious
career has been' "notorious.
In estimating what Germany can pay
within "the period ' of say .,18 months
from tho time of the preliminary peace,
the subcommittee had to consider the
practicability of the liquidation of as
sets in that' period, including invest
ments in the securities of foreign gov
ernments. Some time will be needed
to find purchasers for these and for
enemy enterprises abroad.
Early Payments Katimated.
Taking those circumstances into ac
count, the subcommittee found that in
18 months from the time of the pre
liminary peace Germany can probably
pay 20,000,000,000 marks, of which 3,200,-
000.000 marks will be in specie.
Of course the committee recom
mended that the enemy states should
restore all property stolen from allied
territory and hat when this property
is not recoverable from any cause. Its
equivalent may be taken, whether in
use or not.
This would cover rolling stock, tools.
cattle, timber, machinery and other
property. Allied property destroyed
or worn out, as in the case or live
stock consumed, would come in the
same category of restitution.
The work of dealing with this mat.
ter is to be entrusted to an inter-allied
commission, while national commis
sions will also be sent into enemy coun.
tries to select and remove articles com.
ing under the different categories, these
commissions working in- co-ordination.
Raw Materials Studied.
The highly important question as to
how far the enemy will be able to make
reparation payments by the export of
raw materials, such as coal, potash,
machinery, dyes, leather goods and
other commodities, was also carefully
considered by the sub-committee.
This intricate question, as well as
the amount of reparation the enemy
can provide over a period of years sub
sequent to 1919-1920, is to be referred
to an inter-allied commission, which
will hear evidence as to the financial
capacity of the enemy states and will
fix the amounts, collating them with
the claims by the various allied states.
Coal Needed In France.
This proposal was adopted In the
final report, which was cabled by Mr.
Swope on April 10, but suppressed by
the British, as was also the suggestion
that the commission should not regard
the financial capacity of the enemy
states as falling short of the amount
of the approved claims to reparation.
until the enemy powers should have
mposed on their subjects taxation per
head for service at least as heavy as
the highest taxation imposed by an al
lied power upon its subjects.
The sub-committee pointed out that
France needs 30.000,000 tons of coat an
nually to replace the lost output of
her mines. French experts report that
Germany can export 60,000.000 tons an
nually, valued at more than 1,600.000,
000 marks.
Germany's Capacity to Grow.
It is also suggested that the enemy
powers should be required to hand over
from time to time manufactured goods,
livestock and raw materials, the value
f which would be deducted from the
claim of the allied, country receiving
such goods.
Final terms also embodied the prin-
Iple recommended by tho subcommit
tee that it is wiser to fix the amounts
in excess of the resources of the en
emy countries tnan to name a sum
within their ability to pay without ex
traordinary effort, bearing especially
in mind the probability of substantia? '
Concluded on Eaga 8, Colusa 5.A