Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, March 24, 1919, Image 1

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    VOL. L.VIII. XO. 18.200.
MR 1 EifllE
Signing of Proclamation
Reported in Progress,
Czecho-SIovak Government Is
Preparing to Order Mpbili-
zation of Troops.
Vorkers and Peasants Urged
to Join Arms Against Aris
tocracy and Dynasties.
COPENHAGEN, March 23 The
Berlin Lokal Anzeiger's Budapest cor
respondent says an army of 70,000
men has been formed secretly under
the command of Major Georgey. The
correspondent adds that the non-socialists
and the rural populations are
supporting the new government.
LONDON, March 23. The Buda
pest government is reported to be
signing a proclamation acknowledging
a state of war between Hungary and
the entente, says a dispatch to the Ex
change Telegraph from Vienna.
The dispatch adds that the Czecho
slovak government is preparing to is
sue a mobilization order.
BUDAPEST, March 22. (Havas.)
The Hungarian cabinet, headed by
Count Michael Karolyi, has resigned,
leaving the government to the prole
tariat. This action was taken after Count
Karolyi had communicated to the cabi
net the entente note outlining the new
boundary between Hungary and Rou-
Gorbai Assumes Presidency.
After advising Colonel Visa, com
dander of the French troops of occu
nation, of the decision of. the cabinet.
Count Karolyi then resigned in his
COPENHAGEN3Iarch 23. Alex
ander Gorbai has assumed the presi
' dency of the revolutionary govern
ment of workers, peasants and sol
diers' councils, according to a dispatch
from Budapest filed Saturday. ' Bela
Kun has become foreign commissary
and Joseph Pogan war commissary. It
is rumored that Kun has applied to
Lenine for armed assistance. News
papers in Budapest have ceased pub
lication. PARIS, March 23.- (Havas.) The
proclamation of the new Hungarian
government invites the workmen and
peasants of Bohemia, Roumania, Ser
bia and Croatia to form an armed al
liance against the aristocracy, land
cwners and dynasties.
Workers Urged to Organize.
It requests also tliat the workmen
ef Austria and Germany follow the
lead of Hungary in breaking off rela
tions with the Paris peace conference.
They are required to rally with the
Moscow government and constitute a
soviet republic and to resist, arms in
hand, the "imperialistic conquerors."
The proclamation says the govern
ment will organize an army which
will enforce the proletariats' dictates
against Hungarian land - owners and
capitalists, the Roumanian aristocracy
and the Czech bourgeois.
The document ends by urging each
workman and peasant to work in, or
der to produce or to enlist in the
army. .
COPENHAGEN7March 23. (By
the Associated Press. )-r-The new Hun
garian government has proclaimed sol
idarity with the Russian soviet gov-
eminent and an armed alliance with
the proletariat of h-ussia. according to j
a dispatch from Budapest dated Sat
urday. Industries Are Socialized.
A dispatch received from Budapest
dated Saturday gives the proclamation
of the new Hungarian government as
"The proletariat of Hungary from
today has taken all power in its own
hands. By the decision of the Paris
conference to occup Hungary, pro
visioning of revolutionary Hungary
becomes utterly impossible. Under
these circumstances the sole means
open for the Hungarian government is
a dictatorship of the proletariat.
"Legislative, executive and judicial
authority will be exereicd by a dicta-
iCoacluded oa F . Culuma S.)
Three Charges Eliminated by Court
and Last One of All Causes
S4 Honrs of Deliberation.
NETV TOItK. March 53. After delib
erating 54 boom aid failing to reach
verdict, the jury which heard the case
of Jeremiah A. O'Leary. charged with
violating the esnlonage law, was dis
charged bT Federal Judge liana at
5:55 o'clock today.
Of the eight counts in. the indictment,
three had been eliminated by the court
The Jury reported that It had acquitted
O'Leary, former editor of the a.ntl-
British magaxine. Bull, of four of the
remaining counts, but had been unable
to agree on the last.
The same was true In the ease of the
Bui) Publishing company, and Amer
ican Truth society, co-defendants with
O'Leary, but Adolph Stern, business
manager of the magazine and the third
co-defendant, was acquitted on all
counts. It was announced an applica
tlon for CLeary's release on bond
would be made tomorrow.
Armed Guards Around Castle Alert
Day and Night.
AMERONGEJC. March II. (By the
Associated Press.) There was a state
of extreme alertness around tve Vou
Bentinck castle throughout the night
and this morning in consequence of the
receipt by the former German emperor
last evening of two violently threaten
ing letters, one emanating fr. -n Am
sterdam and the other from th Bel
gian frontier, and also a telegram - torn
a friend, warning him of menacing
All the Dutch gendarmes watching
over the ex-emperors weiiare wers
kept on duty. This morning all the
garden paths In the neighborhood ot
the shed where William llohenxollern
was engaged In sawing wood were con
stantly patrolled by armed guards,
while outside the walls of the castle
gendarmes were carrying loaded rifles.
Negotiations arly Completed for a
Loan of 100,000,000 Yen.
PEKTN. March 2S. (By the Asso
lated Press.) Japan officially is ad
vising China not to touch the 17.000,
000 yen unpaid balance of the' war par
ticipation loan. Meantime negotiations
have nearly been completed bet een
the Okura company and the Chinese
war ministry for a loan' of 10,000.000
yen. the security for which Is to be the
Feng Huang Shan iron mines and con
siderable of the surrounding country.
The plan Is to organize a Chlno-Japa-nese
company, which will give the
Okura company first call on all Its
products. The company offers an Im
mediate advance of 30.000.000 yen. The
war minister is being urged to accept
this deposit.
General Outdoor Revelry Indicates
Spring lias Come.
Spring tripped it over the green when
yesterday was young, and kept up her
frolic the livelong day to such effect
that Portland's parks were the most
popular places in town. The benches
were full of folks, soaking In sun
shine, and the acres of new grass were
plotted with playing children. It was
"some day."
Highway traffic felt the same po
tent spell. Along the Columbia high
way the chain of autos was endless,
while drives of lesser note were al
most as rife with the vehicular prorne
naders. Most everyone in Portland
held it to be "too fine a day to stay In
Many Other Vessels Coaled and
Ready for Voyage.
BERLIN', March 22. '3y the Asso
ciated Tress.) Up to7 o'clock this
evening 18 ships had cleared from
Hamburg, including the Patricia, Santa
Cruz. Cordova, Kigoma Klevelena and
Cap Finisterre.
Many other vessels are manned and
coaled and ready to sail Sunday. The
example of the Hamburg seamen in
proceeding to sea, it Is believed here,
will have a good effect on the other
Hanscalic and Baltic seamen.
Bedouins Attack British Detachment
In Fa yum, Province.
LONDON. March 23. Reuter's agency
says It learns that telegrams received
, up to Sunday evening show a continued
improvement in the situation In Egypt,
but that the delta region is still dis
Bedouins attacked a detachment of
British troops In the province of
Kayum. middle Egypt, but were re
pulsed with losses.
Vienna Council Will Take Over Es
tates of Royalty.
BASLE. March 2J. (Havas.) Advices
received here from Vienna are to the
effect that the council of ministers has
decided to seize provisionally for the
purpose of state administration the real
and personal property of the reigning
families in Austria and also of the arch
dukes living abroad..
The incomes from the real estate re
ceived will be paid the owners, ,
Postoffice Investigation Is
Democrats, as Well as Repub
. licansShow Resentment. -
Charge Made That Western Union
and Telephone ' Companies
Faced Financial Crisis.
ington, March 23. The. removal of the
chief officials of the Postal Te:egraph
& Cable company by Postmaster-Gen
eral Eurleson yesterday assures an in
vestigation of the postoffice department
from top to bottom as soon as congress
convenes, it was said in political cir
cles today.
Democrats as well as republicans
showed resentment at Burleson's action,
and reiterated, that there never was
any valid excuse, for taking over the
Senator King, democrat, or Ulan,
said: "I have always considered the
taking over of the wires as unwar
ranted. I cpoke against it in the
. Financial Crisis Alleged.
The purpose of the Investigation will
be to ascertain if possible to what ex
tent personal influences of officials of
the Western Union Telegraph and the
American Telephone & Telegraph com
panies were responsible for Burleson's
radical action in taking over the wires
at a time when It could hardly be said
that a war emergency existed, which
is especially true of the cables taken
over alter tne armistice naa oeen
It is charged that the taking over ot
the wires was not to satisfy any emer.
gency need of the government, but in
stead was to bridge a serious" financial
crisis of the Western Union and . the
American Telephone & Telegraph com
panies, which, because of mismanage
ment or for other reasons, were get
ting to the point where- they must
either have more capital or be permit
ted to raise their rates.
Rates Had to Be Rained.
The Bell Telephone company bad
thrown away millions of dollars in
wrecking the plants of independents to
destroy competition, with the result
that their rates, already high for the
service rendered, had to be raised. Mil
lions more had been sacrificed in the
forced sale of the telephone properties
at the time that the supreme court 'or
dered the dissolution of the big wire
rust, which combined as one great sys
em all the telegraphs and cables of
(4'oncluded on Page 2. Column 5.)
Ceremony at ' Multnomah Falls
Presence of Company A, Ore
gon National Guard.
-The wedding of Captain William B.
Wolcott,' commander of company A,
provisional third regir.ent, Oregon na
tional guard, to Mrs. June Slusher,
Portland muisician. which took place
yesterday at 8 o'clock at Multnomah
Falls, was witnessed by his entire com
pany and many others, approximately
1500 in all. '
Members of his company with their
friends gave Captain Wolcott and his
bride a dinner in Forest hall, just south
of Bridal Veil, immediately following
the ceremony. ' About 100 guests were
seated about tables. Toasts and wishes
for life-long happiness were made Cap
tain and Mrs. Wolcott by a number of
officers speaking for the entire organi
zation. Mrs. Slusher wore a gown of brown
taffeta combined with georgette crepe
with slippers and-hat of bronze, and
carried an immense bouquet of bride's
roses. The double ring ceremony was
performed. by Rev. W. E. Brinkman of
the St. John's. Lutheran church. War
ren G. Erwin, tenor of the First Pres
byterian church, sang Cadman's "Love
Like the Dawn Comes 'Stealing" and
"Morning." Lieutenant Harry Sewall
sang "Because" and "Oh, Promise Me."
At the dinner Mrs. Wolcott was pre
sented by company A with a beautiful
set of silver, while Captain Wolcott was
given, a gold-mounted initialed cane. ",
Mrs. Wolcott is known throughout
Portland m'uslcal , centers as a pianist
of especial talent. Captain "Wolcott
has been . prominent ' in patriotic and
military affairs of Portland and the
state. He is connected with the Meier
& Frank department store.
Sonoma Officer Who Dives Into Sea
to Repair Rndder Rewarded.
HONOLULU. T. H.. March 14. (Spe
cial.) When things went wrong with
the starboard crankshaft while the
steamer Sonoma was plying through
the South ' seas. Captain J. H. Trask,
commander, dived over the side into the
snarK-iniested waters and after con
siderable difficulty repaired the pro
peller sufficiently to allow the ship to
return to Sydney.-
For his brave act the passengers
clubbed ' together and presented him
with a solid silver tea set.! .The? So-
Lnoma, is now en' route to.San'Francrscb",
having left this .port, yesterday.
Sending of - Commission of Inquiry
Will Be Opposed.
PARIS, March . 22. (Havas.) The
council of the national Syrian com
mission has decided to .present to the
peace conference a protest against the
decision of the conference to send a
commission of inquiry . to Syria, Otto
man Asia.
Surprise is expressed at the decision
to delay the attribution of mandates to
European powers and the conference
is asked to hasten the giving of a
mandate to France,, to "put an end to
the occupation by the Hedjaz which di
vides the country and provokes reli
gious exaltation."
tOmijrUlit: 11: By John T. MeCatclieon.1
Progress in Treaty Work Is
Greatly Impeded.
Likelihood of Vast Recovery
From Germany Lessens.
Certain Members of Conference,
Faced by Sharp Issues,
Seek to' Temporize.
fdnvrfcht bv the New York World. Pub
lished by Arrangement.)
PARIS, March 21. (Special cable.)
As the end of preparations for peace
draws near difficulties multiply, and
thev are exaeeerated by rumor and
gossip, which tend to obscure the truth.
It may be said that cross-currents in
the peace stream are so many and so
diverse that progress has been im
peded in the last three days. Those
responsible for the blocking tactics
seem to feel that final differences will
center on points outside their immedi
ate concern.
Certain members of the conference
when faced by sharp Issues, seek to
temporize and to straddle the issues, in
the opinion of. thos'j who wish to move
ahead, and the worry and disturbance
of the ensuing delays have served to
benefit Germany.
Baseless Reports Circulated.
As an example of the baseless re
ports that have been circulated may
be mentioned the tale that Premier
Clemenceau had threatened to resign
his office and to withdraw from the
conference if. his views concerning the
Rheinish provinces were not accepted.
Nothing of the sort ever .occurred
While questions have arisen on which
there were initial differences of opinion,
such differences have always been
eventually' composed. There was a
meetine ot. neutrals' to- -consider the
league of r-natVons plan , this afternoon.
resulting in discussion " and proposed
amendments. Judging from the atti
tude of the British and American dele
gations, nothing seriously affecting the
plan has been submitted, and it is
doubted if any of the new suggestions
will have material weight at the meet
ine of the full committee tomorrow,
when President Wilson will preside. ,
The only new point to which impor
tance is attached bears on the clause
relating to sovereignty, " which was
treated in these dispatches previously.
The Japanese seemingly have given as
surances to the conference that they
are not disposed to press their objec
tions against racial discrimination. At
any rate, no trouble is feared on that
A meeting of equal importance with
(Concluded on Page 3. Column 2.)
Report Indicates That President, on
Return From Abroad, Will
Crush Insurgency Plan.
ington, March ,23. Democratic in
surgents in the- house, who have started
the. fight to unseat Champ Clark as
democratic floor leader in the next
congress are jubilant today over re
ceipt of an indorsement of ' their ef
forts by Will Hornibrook, democratic
national committeeman for Oregon.
The democratic reorganization com
mittee as the insurgent leaders call
themselves exhibited a letter today
from Hornibrook, (n which he says:
"In my judgment some such plan as
that outlined is necesary if the party
is to present a united front to the
opposition. It strikes me that the
method of selecting a minority leader
as suggested in your communication is
fair and that in the future there should
be a greater degree of harmony be
tween the democratic members of both
houses and the executive branch of
the govepnment." 1
A report is in circulation that Presi
dent Wilson, as soon as he has a min
ute off from the peace confab, will
put his foot down on this insurgency
move. It is not because of any sym
pathy of his for Champ Clark, but be
cause he feels it would be a serious
back-seUfor his administration to have
this fight made and lost.
The overwhelming defeat by the re
publicans last November in the face of
his appeal for a democratic congress,
it is acknowledged by his friends, has
made an alarming dent in his prestige
and defeat within his own party, such
as Clark's re-election meajis, would be
more discomfiting, if not humiliatin
There is no doubt that Clark will win.
Men Prominent In Military Circles
Welcome Secretary.
BREST, March 23. The American
transport Leviathan, with Secretary of
the Navy Josephus Daniels on board,
arrived at Brest at 10:50 this morning.
Secretary Daniels was received by the
American naval attache. Admiral Mor-
eau, maritime prefect, and Rear-Ad
miral Alexander S. Halstead, U. S. N.,
district commander at Brest. A de
tachment of marines with a band acted
as a guard of honor lor tne secretary,
who went to the prefecture where he
will stay, during his visit to Brest.
. Secretary Dani,els this afternoon, was
the host .of Major-General Ely A. Hel-
mick, . commanding at Camp . Ponta
George Brownlee Is Charged AVith
Making Away AVith $7686.
PORTSMOUTH, N. H., March 23.
Lieutenant -Commander Thomas Mott
Osborne, commanding the naval prison
here, has made public a report charg
ing Chief Yeoman George Brownlee,
who disappeared more than a month
ago. with the theft of J7686.
Brownlee is still at large.
Bolshevik! Still In Control of Bol-
shota. and Ozera.
ARCHANGEL, March 21. By the
Associated Press.) The bolsheviki still
are holding uoisnota ama uzera, dui
yesterday displayed no further activity
in that sector.
At allied headquarters the situation
elsewhere was reported unchanged.
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 57
degrees; minimum, 40 degrees.
TODAY'S Pair and cooler, moderate west
erly winds.
Official causalty list. Page 13.
. foreign.
Hungary to open war on entente. Page 1.
Monroe "IjctHne not menaced, says Mr. Greg
ory. Page 2.
Germany drifting toward Bolshevism, says
Oswald G. villara. rage u.
Cross-currents in psace stream Impede
progress in treaty. i"age j
British companies to delay bi'ildir.g of liners.
Page 6.
Italy declared hungrier than during the war.
Page J.
Much news from Mexico declared to be
tainted. Page J.
Reactionary press bitter at leaders. Page 2.
Hornibrook joins in move to oust Clark.
Page 1.
Burleson act In seizing wires assures post
office probe, say congressmen. Page 1.
Sixty-fifth congress without parallel In na
tion's history. Page .
America may lead on sea, declares Mr. Hur
ley. Page s.
O'Leary Jury fails to agree on verdict.
Page 1.
United States force routs border, bandits.
Page 1.
- Sports.
Creviston breads record for five-mile motor
cycle straightaway. -age iz.
Beavers defeat Maryland Bowlers, 7 to 0.
Page 12.
Btate trapshooters to meet in Pendleton in
May. Page is.
Pacific Northwest.
Girl slayer held in detention home. Page 7.
No laxity of duty shown at prison camp
before Bed rtupert s escape. fa.eo- 7.
Portland and Vicinity.
Captain ' W. B. waleott and Miss June
blusher wea ai flutinomHa laiis. rage X.
Final clean-up drive for livestock associa
tion to open Tuesday. rage 15.
Methodists aid in rebuilding Europe.
Page 16. . , -
Everett Ames, well-known business man. Is
pneumonia victim- r-age l.
Mrs. Scott to form league of women. Page 14.
Coupon bonds are received by Portland
banks. . fage lo.
Presbyterian new era campaign launched.
Page 18.
Robert E. Twohy dies at San Francisco.
Page JO.
Portland Shriners determined to capture 19-0
convention, i-age u.
Cavalry Crosses Line and
Assails Marauders.
Hot Trail Into Mexico Taken
by Americans Leads to
. Enemy Rendezvous.
None of Americans Hurt in En
gagement; Cattle Stolen Are
Returned to Ranch.
MARFA, Texas, March 23. Troops
of the 8th United States cavalry, un
der Captain Kloepfer, returned here,
early today from a pursuit across the
border of Mexican bandits, bringing
with them 35 cattle and two horses
which had been driven from Nunez by
the raiders yesterday. Captain Kloep
fer reported that he had overtaken the
Mexicans 18 miles south of Ruidosa
and that five of them haj been killed
in the resulting skirmish. None of the
Americans was hurt.
Two Mexicans were wounded in the'
fighting, making the casualties among
the cattle thieves seven of the total
number of 12. Captain Kloepfer re
ported to Colonel George T. Lang
home, commander of the district, that
he recognized the voice of one of the; .
men as tha(f of Eugenio Garcie, a for-:
mer Carrahza captain in the vicinity
of Ojinaga, opposite Presidio, Tex.
. Troops' Work Effective.
Maj'or-General de Rosey C. Cabell,,
commander of the southern depart
ment, who was here to make an in-'
spection of the Big Bend district, con
gratulated Captain Kloepfer and his
troops for their work in overtaking'
and defeating the Mexicans who
crossed the Rio Grande into the Chinat
mountains, east of Ruidosa ford, stole
a number of cattle from Nurlez ranch
and drove them into Mexico.
The raid on the Nunez ranch, near
the river and on the American side,'
was reported to Captain Kloepfer yes
terday afternoon He communicated
with his sector and with the district
commander by field telephone, at the
same time sending Troop M of the 8th
cavalry to the scene of the crossing,
where the trail was clearly marked in
the mud. This was reported to Colo
nel Langhorne at headquarters, troops
were sent from Presidio, Indio, and
other border stations and Captain
Kloepfer was given orders, to follow
the "hot trail" into Mexico, which was
done late yesterday.
First Volley Kills Five.
Kloepfer's troops returned at 2
o'clock this morning, bringing with
them the 35 head of cattle which had
been driven into Mexico and two
stolen horses.
Captain Kloepfer's report to head
quarters stated he crossed th river
seven miles below Ruidosa ford, came
into contact and engaged the band 18
miles from the river crossing and, just
at nightfall last night, opened fire on
the bandit band. Five were killed in
the first volleys inter the rendezvous
of the Mexican cattle thieves and two
wounded. None of the American cav
alrymen were wounded.
The Mexicans had killed one stolen
steer and were cooking it for supper
when they heard the hoof-beats of the
American cavalry horses approaching
through the darkness. They took po
sitions on a high hill overlooking the
trail and attempted to outflanlt Kloep
fer's troops. Several of the cavalry
men's horses fell over the steep em-
bankment in the dark. After the
bandits were routed, the dead were
buried and the wounded given first
aid treatment.
Bandits' Meal Confiscated.
The American cavalrymen, who had
had nothing to eat since noon, com
pleted preparation of the bandits'
evening meal and ate it before start
ing back to the border with civilian
packers herding the stolen cattle.
En route to the border a torrential
storm broke and the men were forced
to ride all night in a blinding dark
ness punctuated with sleet and rain.
Troop M was supported by Troops
I and L and the regimental machine
gun troop,
H7 in-7 nl