Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, March 22, 1919, Image 1

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    VOL. LIX. XO. 18,199.
Fiume Demanded on Pain
of Quitting Conference.
Clash With Jugo-Slavs Forced
' to Issue by Latins.
American Iclcgate Announce lo
Premier Orlando That He Has
Solution of Racial Quarrel.
PARIS. March 51. (By the Associated
Tresa.) The Italian delegation to the
peace conference has unanimously de
villed to withdraw 'rom the conference
unless Flume is assigned to Italy con
temporaneously with the conclusion of
The decision was reached at a meet
ing today or the full delegation presided
over by Premier Orlando. It was imme
diately communicated to the powers. E.
M. House of the American mission has
promised Premier Orlando to present
within a few days, a project concerning
ilie Italinn-Juo-Slav frontier which he
hopes will satisfactorily settle the dis
The decision of the Italian delega
tion as reported from Paris apparently
brings to a head the bitter controversy
between Italy and the new Jugo-Slav
Hate over the disposition of land along
the Adriatic formerly belonging to the
Ansi rn.llnnrian empire, which both
nationalities claim.
Claim la Miar? C natraat.
Italy's claims originally included vir
tually tlio entire Italian coast, wim
Tricst and Flume, which latter city is
tiic second principal seaport on the
eastern side or tne iiornm. ivct,.!
reports have been that the Italian rep
resentatives were manifesting a dispo
sition to make important concessions
regarding the land along the Dalmatian
coast, provided that the city and harbor
of Fiume remained lo Italy. J ne
Jugoslavs, however, have been insist
ent that this port be allotted to mem,
claiming It to be a Croatian city.
on the other liaud. there has been no
disposition on the part of Italy to yield
her points so far as Fiume Is con-.
Her attitude was stated by Premier
Orlando in addressing the Italian cham
ber on March 1, when he declared that
while Italy remained faithful to the
spirit of conciliation which inspired the
treaty upon which Italy entered the
War. tlli'l oMl noi mean mt hmv tv.u iv.
remain insensible to the appeal reach
ing her from the Italian town on the
Uulf of yuarnero (Fiume). which was
exposed to the loss of both its nation-
lity and Independence. we do not
think,'" added the premier, trial mis
possible at the very moment the
world may be redeemed from a memory
of violence done to the rights of the
PARIS. March 21. "The first result
to be obtained is peace and the oulck-
peac possible." said David Lloyd
George, the British prime minister, in
a statement printed in today's Issue of
the Excelsior.
Farly Peace Oealrew.
All internal events in every country.
allied or enemy. coimnucu me pre
mier, "are dependent upon that peace,
w hich we expect and desire to come at
tbe earliest possible moment. Pending
this, every one Is living in a state of
expectation and uncertainty. Com
merce and industry are kept in a kind
of stagnation, w hich can only engender
I shall, then, remain in Taris unless
something unexpected arises until the
text of the peace preliminaries are
definitely drafted and ready for sub
mission to the German delegation, not
let me say, fer discussion, but simply
lor signature."
After completing the examination of
the first 10 articles of the draft of the
league of nations covenant yesterday
tiie representatives of the neutral
states, in conjunction with a committee
if the league of nations commission.
had before them for examination today
the remaining articles of the covenant.
Aaaeadaieata Are Offered.
The first It articles were passed by
v ithout suggestion of material amend
ment. Among pending amendments is
on. giving the neutral states a repre
sentation of eight members on the ex-
:utive council and another y Switzer
land relative to the Monroe doctrine
nud the safeguarding of national sov
e reignty.
"The Rhine is our only good line of
defence. I do not demand annexation.
out If we do not secure that military
frontier we will hava fought in vain."
: statement made by Marshal Foch.
quoted In un interview printed in the
Matin tod ;;..
In discussing the last days of the
war. the m--irual says:
"It was the woi.derful soldie-rs who
fjv us victory. My only merit was
to hate had faith and never to have
oe.-paired. We i-gned the armistice in
snite of the certainty of crushing the
German armies, to avoid killing one
more ma.l and because it gave us
everything necessary to a French vic
tory. PARIS. March II. .lavas.)
tCwawudi-d ua l'.. 3, Cvlunia
Ex-Chancellor Maximilian Expected
to Reply fo Hindcnbiirg's De
fense of Emperor's Flight.
I BERLIN'. March II. (By the Associ
lated Press.) In Field Marshal von
Ilindenburg'a statement explaining and
j justifying the flight of ex-Emperor
j William there was a sharp criticism of
Prince Maximilian of Baden, the then
chancellor, for publishing the facts of
the emperor's abdication without the
latter's p.ssent.
It is expected that this will evoke a
sharp rejoinder from friends of the ex
cliancellor. who are already pointing
out that the emperor left Berlin on
October 31. without consulting or no
tifying the chancellor, who vainly at
tempted at the last moment to induce
the emperor to stay in Berlin, and later
unsuccessfully urged him to return to
the capital in order that he might form
his ow n judgment as to the extent of
the crisis and the advisability of, abdi
cating. "Prince Maximilian had long been
convinced of the inevitability of the
abdication of the emperor and the re
nunciation of the throne by the crown
prince." says the Tageblatt. It was
hoped by this means to save Germany
from a" complete debacle and revolution.
The emperor went to great headquar
ters to escape such advice and to seek
a more congenial atmosphere. He dal
lied with the thought of abdication in
these surroundings until too late to
save the throne for a possible succes
Fire Causes Heavy Property Loss at
Coals Plant.
RATMO.N'D, Wash.. March 21. (Spe
cial.) The Coats shingle mill was
burned to the ground this afternoon.
The entire mill, dry kiln and several
thousand shingles are a total loss.
The fire broke out at the noon hour,
and had such a start when it was dis
covered that the mill could not be
The Raymond fire department was
rushed to the scene and made heroic
efforts to save the dry kilns, but was
unsuccessful. The mill was not running
today, and only two men were em
ployed there. They were eating their
lunch when they discovered the fire. .
S. Coats, owner of the mill, is away,
and the amount of the loss and insur
ance could not be obtained accurately.
though, the estimate of the loss is
$75,000 to $100,000.
Steamer Line Formed to Take Russ
Workers Back to Native Land.
XEW YORK. March 21. The execu
tive committee of the second all-Russian
colonial convention today an
nounced the incorporation of the Svo
boda sicamship line, the purpose of
which company would be to charter or
nurrhase steamers for the transporta
tion of 1.000.000 Russian workers, bol
shevik and others, to Russia.
The main reason for the movement.
according to the announcement, is the
dissatisfaction of Russian workers wim
economic conditions here. They say
that employment is lacking in this
cduntry. The new sieamsnip nnc )
been incorporated in Delaware.
North Bend Plants Adopt Scale of j
Other Concerns.
NOKTH BEND. Or., March 21. (Spe-
ci:ll.) Following recent action of the
Bay Park and North Bend mills, the .
Buehuer Lumber company has an
nounced that beginning April 1 a ma
terial reduction In the wage scale wili J
be made. The company haa maintained)
a minimum wage of $ a day up to the I .
present time. It is reported, that this I
will be cut to 3.zv, tne acaio unuci
which other mills on the bay are now
Proportionate cut will be made in the
wages of skilled labor, in the plant.
More thau 200 employes will be affect
ed by the revised wage scale.
Wonmn legislator to Locale in Port-
land About April 1.
TIIE DALLES. Or.. March 21. (Spe
cial.) Mrs. Alexander Thompson, who
has served this district as representa
tive in the legislature for two succes
sive terms, will remove from The
Dalles to Portland April 1. Mrs.
Thompson, who enjoyed the distinction
of being the only woman legislator In
the state, has been a resident of this
city since 1911. and during that time
has taken a leading part in club and
civio circles.
Her friends predict that she will con
tinue to figure prominently in politics.
Seed Product at Washington Re
serve Biggest Yet Known.
SEATTLE. March 21. Over 5000
sacks of seed oysters will be taken
off the state's reserves In Oyster Bay
near Shclton, Wash., during the com
ing season, according to word brought
here. In past years the highest yield
haa been 2200 sacks.
The big increase in the reserve's pro
duction is due to the completion of a
diking system that covers between 12
and 13 acres. Six years ago but an
acre and a hair were diked. Moat of
the state's oysters are sold to oyster
trow via.
Pacifists Invade W?a Je-
partment, is Uivie.'
t t a
, e.
Conscientious Objectors Pro
tected, Says ex-Officer. .
Under Bnker Rule, Major Foster As
serts, Refusal to Serve Put Fer-
son In Objector Class.
KANSAS C1TT. Mo., March 21. Per
fection of a pacifist organization in
such a clever manner that It has
reached "the foundations of the most
active department of the government
the war department," was charged ii
an address today by Major Dick B. Fos
ter, member of a courtmartial at Camp
Funston, Kan., that tried 135 alleged
conscientious objectors.
He accused Secretary of War Baker
with "intentionally or unintentionally
aiding and assisting the I. W. W., in
ternational socialists and humani
tarians in their programme of blocking
construction of the army by extending
and perverting the acts of congress
for the protection, comfort and solace
o- these obstructionists."
Peraonal Reaaona Denied.
"In giving you this story of conscien
tious objectors I want to assure you
I have no personal reason for doing
so." .Major Foster declared.
"I am an American citizen, an cx
officer of the United States army, and
as such feel that every American is
entitled to know conditions which sur
rounded the induction into the army of
trie true conscientious objectors and
the false conscientious objectors, which
included Industrial Workers ' of the
World, international socialists, an
archists and slackers.
"The gravity of the situation is
realized by the American people."
The speaker then charged that
secretary of war rfad "given aid
the objectors and then read paragraphs
from what he declared were official
orders that all those having "personal
scruples against war should be con
strued as conscientious objectors.' "
Meanlaar of Ontera Told.
"Let me impress upon you what these
secret orders mean," Major Foster con
tinued. "It meant that every soldier
in the United States army could have
at any time gone to his commanding
officer and upon stating that he was
opposed to war, taken off .his uniform
and refused to do military service."
The officer related how objectors
w ho were in the guardhouse awaiting
trial would refuse to line up- for mess,
throwing themselves upon -the ground,
ll'onclutled on Page 3, Column
Five Employers and Five Employes
to Constitute New Board on
Pacific Coast.
- That the existing wage scale and
working conditions of the Shipbuilding
Laborft Adjustment board, also known
as the Macy scale, will remain in ef
fect until October 1, under an agree
ment between shipyard managements
and international officers of labor bod
ies, by which the control will be vested
In a board of ten men on the Pacific
coast, five to represent the employers
and five the employes, was the news re-1
ceived yesterday from Washington,
where delegates from both sides are
Jin conference. The plan was adopted
yesterday and the delegates are to
start for home today.
Arthur W. Jones, assistant examiner
here for the board, received a telegram
from Judge McBride, examiner for the
northwest, who is in attendance at the
conference, to the effect the scale would
be continued six months and that. the
joint board would take the place of the
government commission, which ends its
worlf March 31. The decision to recog
nize the same rates of pay and working
conditions means there will not be a
strike April 1, as was voted ou recent
ly by all bodies affiliated with the
Pacific Coast District Metal Trades
council, which convened here in Feb
ruary. The vote results were not given
out and labor men say the reason was
that it was deemed best for representa
tives of their organization's to go to
Washington with no ultimatums.
The assumption1 here is that one em
ployer and one labor member were to
be picked from Los Angeles, San Fran
cisco, Portland, Tacoma and Seattle so
as to constitute the board of ten. As
the industrial relations division of the
shipping board is continued in force,
the offices of the examiners and as
sistant examiners throughout the Unit
ed States will be maintained as before.
Mr. Jones is attending to details in.
both wood and steel plants here since
Joseph Reed resigned as assistant ex
aminer of steel plants, and it is under
stood only one assistant examiner will
be employed in the future.
Mine and Transport Workers Agree
on Negotiations.
LONDON", March 21. The triple al
liance, railway men, miners and trans
port workers at . a conference tonight
reviewed the whole position of the
mine, railway and transport workers
and passed a resolution recommending
that the railway men continue at work
pending further negotiations with the
government with a view to removing
the deadlock.
This action is interpreted to mean
that there will be no strike before next
Loans, to Entente Allies Now. Total
Nearly Nine Billions.
WASHINGTON. March 21. An addi
tional credit of 75,000,000 was given
taly today by the treasury department.
bringing Italy's total credit up to
$1. 19S.300.000 and the total to all allied
nations to $8.932.4 10.60.
Copyniht: 1019: By John T. "UCutcheon.l
F. T. Woodman' Charged
With Receiving Bribe.
Executive Accused of Agreeing
to Jake $25,000.
Two Others Indicted on Charge of
Giving Bribe; Attorney Asserts
That Mayor Is Innocent.
LOS ANGELES, March 21. Mayor
Frederic T. Woodman of Los Angeles
was indicted by the county grand Jury
here tonight on a charge of receiving a
bribe for the protection of vice. George
Brown and George Henderson were in
dicted on a charge of giving a bribe in
connection with the same transaction.
The indictment against Mr. Wood
man, stripped of its legal verbiage.
charges him with "the crime of asking.
receiving and agreeing to receive a
bribe," a felony.
Money Transaction Alleged.
The Indictment then recites that on
or about January 1, 1919, the mayor
agreed to accept from George Brown
and George Henderson the total sum
of $25,000 in monthly payments of $2500
each, and that $2000 was actually paid
to an ex-newspaper man for the mayor,
the payments being in return for pro
tection to Brown and Henderson in un
lawful sales of liquor, in conducting
houses of ill-repute without interfer
ence and in conducting gambling places
and games.
The indictment goes into detail as
to how the mayor was to furnish the
protection alleged ; to have been se
cured. .
The bond of each of the defendants.
Mayor Woodman, Brown and Hender
son, was fixed at $10,000. . Brown and
Henderson already were in jail, Brown
being held on a previous indictment
charging him with intimidating a wit
ness before the grand jury, and Hen
derson having been held without the
filing of a formal charge,' pending ac
tion by the grand jury.
Warrant la Issued.
Thomas Lee Woolwine, district attor
ney, said tonight that a warrant had
been issued on the indictment for the
apprehenstoti of the mayor and that it
was in the hands of officers for ser
vice. Belief was expressed about the
grand jury room that the mayor would
appear tomorrow morning with bonds
men and submit to arrest.
The mayor was in seclusion tonight
and declined to be seen or to make any
comment, on the action of the grand
Captain John D. Fredericks, attorney
(Concluded on 3, Column 1.
t I
J j
Premier Delacroix Says Germans
Owe Ten Billion Francs for
Requisitions of Cash.
.- BRUSSELS. March 21. In introduc
ing the budget for 1919, showing a
deficit over 600,000,000 francs, which it
is proposed to cover by the income tax
and taxes on inheritances, tobacco, beer
and spirits, M. Delacroix, the premier.
said yesterday.
"The liquidation of the cost of the
war sums up formidably, and we will
need 10,000,000,000' francs. The exist
ence of the country is at stake, but
our great allies are undertaking the
task of rebuilding Europe ih a spirit of
great generosity. Our national exist
ence depends on promises made us, and
t think I can confidently tell you they
will be kept."
Germ.iny'3 debt to Belgium for requi
sitions of cash made by the Germans
and other money transactions alone ag
gregates 10,000,000,000 francs, of which
5,000,000,000 francs represent German
marks, circulating in Belgium after the
armistice and taken up by the Belgian
Banque Nationale, and 2,000,000,000
francs confiscated by the Germans from
the Banque Nationale and Societe Gcn
erale during: the occupation. The bal
ance is made up of fines and monthly
payments levied upon towns, cities,
provinces and public institutions.
These figures were made public to
day by the Belgian finance committee
on reparation: ,
President Notes Situation Among
Executive Departments.
PARIS, Maroh 21. (By the Associat
ed Press.) President Wilson is keeping
n close touch with his private secre
tary, Joseph P. Tumulty, and Secretary
of the Treasury Glass regarding the sit
uation In which the executive depart
ments at Washington have been left as
a result of the failure of congress to
act on several of the great annual ap
propriation bills.
President Wilson has satisfied him
self that for the present, at least, there
is no imminent danger of the suspen
sion of any vital government activities
and already has authorized measures
to met emergencies that have arisen.
Wasco Ranchers Pay From $60 to
$65 a Month and1 Board.
THE DALLES, Or.. March 21. (Spe
cial.) With the spring work now open
ing up on ranches of this and adjoining
counties, the government employment
bureau here is unable to fill the de
mand for farm hands. Wages for la
borers, which a short time ago was $2
a day, have increased until ranchers
are paying from $60 to $65 a month and
Herders and lambers are receiving
from $75 to $90, according to their ex
perience. As the supply here is lim
ited, frequent calls for men are being
sent to Portland.
Organized Labor Reaches Agree
ment With Vessel Owners.
LONDON, March 21. The Hamburg
seamen's union, after a discussion with
the shipowners and the Hamburg sen
ate, has agreed that half of the crews
on ships transporting foodstuffs to Ger
many should be recruited from the
union providing that the transport
union recruited the other half, a Central
News dispatch from Amsterdam says. ,
The seamen decided that they would
not man ships carrying entente troops.
The Weather.
TESTERDAV'S Maximum temperature, 68
decrees: minimum, 43 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair: moderate northeasterly
Official casualty list. P---o 13.
Allies expected to aid Belgium. Page J.
Wobbly attitude of Kaiser costs throne.
Pasc- 1.
Italians make threat. Page 1.
German revolt said by Maxmilian Harden
to be sham. Page 4.
United States' policy on Hun warships an
nounced. Page -.
Killing of Villa leaders in battle is con
firmed. Page 10.
Allies worried over Ukrainians actions.
Page -.
More active fighting reported in northern
Russia. Page 3.
Seamn halt delivery of German ships to
entente. Page 3.
Pershing pays tribute to American army of
occupation. Page 5.
Coast trade with orient may revive shortly.
Page 4.
Fliers to patrol Mexican border, says Secre
tary Baker, rase ti.
Baker accused of aiding I. W
Loa Angeles mayor indicted.
W. W. Page 1.
Paga 1.
Crompler. sensational pitcher.
Bigned by
Portlana magnate, rage x-.
Multnomah club to give annual Bhotv at
Auditorium tonight. Page 12.
Five players alated to go from Crockett
training camp Monday. Page 12.
Pacific Northwest.
Girl slayer sobs softly In court. Page 1.
Aut- drivers' union wins point at Seattle
Page .
Commercial and Murine.
Mohair shearing is general in Western Ore
gon. Page 19..
Steel advances to within smallest fraction
of par. Page 10.
Bulge in rye market lifts corn prices at Chi
cago. Page 39.
Loading of flour delayed by lack of in
structions. Page IS.
Portland and Vicinity.
Roosevelt highway campaign outlined.
Page -'0.
Macy wage scale to continue six months.
Page 1.
Filing of briefs will end rate hearing.
Page 13.
WiiatUcr rupQi.t, and Xoiecasi. rate
Week Given Ruth Garrison
to Enter Formal Plea.
"Will He Be There?" Asks Girl
Before Arraignment.
Prisoner. Weakening on Way to
County Building, Half Carried
Up Stairs by Detectives.
SEATTLE Wash., March 21. Spe-
cial.) rWeepIng softly, Ruth Garrison
appeared in Judge Taliman's courtroom
this afternoon to answer the charge of
murdering Mrs. Grace ICllzabeth Storrs.
Through her attorney, Thomas M. Ask
ren, a week was given her in which
to enter her pica, and she was then
taken to the county jail.
IU custody of Detectives H. M. Bar
ton and C. L. Toms and Deputy Sher
iff McCormack, Miss Garrison was tak
en from the city jail to Judge Tall
man's court.
She was escorted through the base
ment and garage of the police station
to the Fourth-avenue exit, past a bat
tery of photographers and into the
park side entrance of the county-city
building. With lowered hat-brim, eho
walked, showing no signs of agitation
except a slight drawn appearance about
her lips.
CurionM Crowd Cleared.
"Don't you think you'd better hold
your head up, Ruth?" asked Detective
"I don't want my picture taken," she
declared emphatically.
Taken into the county-city building,
she was escorted up the stairs to the
third floor. It was just as she had
passed the landing of the second floor
that she began to weaken.
Calling to Mr. Toms to take her oth
er arm, Mr. Barton led, almost carried,
the girl to the third floor.
The corridor was filled with curious
spectators, the overflow of the court
room. Calling "gangway, gangway," the at
tendants cleared an aisle for her. She
was led into the main office, through
a small passage and into the ante-room
of Judge Taliman's court.
Girl Weeps In Courtroom.
Attendants almost resorted to. force
to keep some of the sightseers from
crowding into the room after the girl.
Reporters were forced to show their
credentials and Judpe Tallman issued
immediate orders that the room be
cleared of all but police and newspa
permen. Ruth took a seat at a small desk
next to the wail, whtn the broke down.
Hiding her face under the wide brim
of her black straw hat, she wept quiet
ly for a spell. Finally she regained
control of herself and asked Detective
Barton to help her ft) a chair near the
window. This was done, but Mr. Bar
ton, fearing that she might be tempted
to leap from the window to the court
yard below, stood between her and the
She sat huddled up in her chair, u
pitiful, crumpled girl, occasionally dab
bing at her eyes.
"Will He Be There!" Aska Girl.
Just after they had left the elevator
In the police .station she turned tu
pealingly to the detectives.
"Will he be there" she asked.
"No," the detectives replied.
Just before she entered the crowded
courtroom she .seemed to recover her
balance, but she remained huddled up
in the chair the detective had placcil
tor her. She was dressed in the same
brownish colored suit she wore at the
time of her arrest, a wide, floppy
brimmed black, straw hat, silk hose
and neat black pumps.
Deputy Prosecutor Carmody read the
information, charging Ruth with kill
ing her rival in love by "causing Grace
Storrs to take a certain poison, strych
nine, as a result of taking which
poison, she, Grace Storrs, then am',
there died."
Formal Complaint Read.
Ruth was standing, head down, be
fore the judge.
When she heard the words "muriic;
in the first degree" she looked up. Her
"hand went to her cheek. She stepped
back slightly, then regaining her self-
"Are you her lawyer?" Judge Tall
man asked Attorney Askren.
"Yes," Your Honor," he replied.
"How long do you wish to taku 10
enter a plea;
"One week, may it please, loir:
Honor!" ,
"You may have it."
Turning to the deputies. Judge Tall
man, said: "Take her out."
The party then went to the county
Girl Is Not Heartless.
Miss Garrison is not heartless, but'
is very keenly alive to the situation,"
said Attorney Askren, after spending
an hour with his client.
"The girl is not herself at this mo
ment. All the apparent cheerfulness
and spirit of semi-recklessness is the
effect of sedatives. Without these she
would have collapsed long ago. In
this way a false impression ha3 been
created abroad."
Storrs In jail here toUay said: .
"I want to help that littic gill out
.1 Conceded ou Pass 2, Culurai 1.)