Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, February 17, 1919, Image 1

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    VOL. L.IX. '0. 18.1T0.
pacific northwest li riciir nrulTinUQ
uuilll vsi nun nuiminj
Prominent Educators Talk
at Opening Session.
Dr. Lowell Brands Claims of
Critics Unfounded.
leaders of National Thought Crys
tallize Sentiment in League
of Nations Ideals.
Jf A T I O 5f S.
All sessions of the congress ara
open to the public, and citizens
are urged to attend. Place the
municipal auditorium. Third and
Clay street.
9 A. M. State delegates' cau
cus. 10 A. M. Open session. Speak
ers: William Howard Taft. pres
ident of the League to Enforce
Peace; Edward A. Filene. cham
ber of commerce. U. S. A.; Henry
Morgenthau, formerly ambassa
dor to Turkey.
10:10 A. M. Dr. A. Lawrence
Lowell, at Heed college.
Noon William Howard Taft
and Frank P. Walsh, at Cham
ber of Commerce; Dr. A. Law
rence Lowell, Dr. Charles R.
Brown and Henry Van Dyke, at
ITnlTerslty club; Henry Morgen
than, at Benson hotel, Jewish
war relief; Edward A. Fllcne,
Imperial hotel. Portland Ad
J P. M. Open cession. Speak
er: Henry Van Dyke, formerly
minister to The Netherlands; Dr.
George Grafton Wilson, Harvard
university: Mrs. Philip North
Moore, president American Coun
cil of Women: W. J. Kerr, presi
dent Oregon Agricultural college.
8 P. M. Open session. Speak
ers: William Short, president
Washington State Federation of
Labor: E. J. Stack, secretary Ore
gon Federation of Labor; Will
iam Howard Taft, joint chair
man war labor board.
Cruiser Huntington Roaches Fort
AVith 1700 Officers and Men
of 41st Division.
NEW YORK. Feb. IS. The United
sttr cruiser Huntington and the
transports Matsonla and Louisville
docked here today, debarking 7101 of
fleers and enlisted men of the Ameri
can expeditionary forces. The steam
ers Dante Allghierl with 15SS officers
and men aboard, and the Sixaola with
47 reported off the coast by wireless
and were expected to arrive tonight.
On board the Huntington were more
than 1700 officers and men of the 41st
division, comprising former national
guard organisations from Washington,
Oregon, Montana. Idaho and Wyoming.
These Included the supply company,
machine-gun company, 3d battalion
headquarters and companies I, K, L and
M of the 163d Infantry of the 41st divl
sion; the 1st battalion headquarters and
companies A, B and C of the 161st in
fantry of the 41st division and the
164th ambulance company.
The Louisville brought 1773 troops
and 301 other passengers, the latter
including IS "war brides" who are
wives of army and navy men. The
troops included colored national army
men of the 92d division and several
medical and convalescent detachments
and a number of casuals. The wounded
and sick of the Louisville numbered 117
officers, men and nurses.
The Matsonla brought 3345 officers
and men. Including the 68th coast ar
tillery, made up of former national
guardsmen from Connecticut .and sev
eral western states and casual com
panies from Illinois, Ohio. New Jersey,
New Tork, Iowa. Massachusetts, Wash
ington and Alabama.
All the vessels reported encountering
severe storms. The men of the Hunt
ington had the added discomfort of
mild influenxa epidemic which sent 45
of their number to the sick bay.
Vnqualified endorsement of the
leaf ue of nations covenant, as promul
gated at the Paris peace conference by
President Wilson and his fellow coun
cillors of the allies, was voiced last
night at the opening session of the
northwestern congress for a league of
nations, held in Portland for the states
ef Washington. Idaho and Oregon.
For the purpose of crystallizing nation-wide
sentiment in the league of
nations ideal, and that comprehensive
understanding be afforded of its prin
ciples and purports. ex-President Wil
liam Howard Taft. champion of the
cause, and many other notable leaders
of national thoug ht. are in Port land
where the two-day congress is held,
closinr its se?sions tonight.
Leaders Held Innovator.
The critics of such a league." de
clared Pr. A. Lawrence Lowell, presi
dent of Harvard univerMty. in his ad
dress before delegates and public, at
the auditorium, "object that It is not in
accord with the advice of Washington
and other statesmen of his day.
Thefce men are among the greatest
Innovators th world has ever known."
pursued Dr. Lowell, "and they looked
the facts of their day fairly in the face.
We follow their example if we, in turn,
are Innovators, and look the facts of
our day boldly in the face."
Two of the most distinguished edu- j
cators tn America addrersed the open- j
Ing of the two-day e..ion lr. Lowell I
jf Harvard and Lr. Charles K. Brown, j
P"iean of the Vale t-ehool of religion, j
Their advent in Portland preceded that J
of William Howard Taft. president of.
the League to Ln force Peace, and other
members of his party by a day,
Taft Party Ttr - ( .
The party of ex-President Taft. who
vpeaks at the auditorium this morning
and tonight, arrived last night at 7:45
and was met at the I'nlon station by a
receptton committee of prominent Port
land citizens.
Members of the Taft party are Mr.
Taft. Kdward A. Filenc. director of the
chamber of commerce, U. S. A.: Henry
Morgenthau. formerly ambassador to
Turkey; Henry van Dyke, formerly
minister to The Netherlands; It.
George Grafton Wilson, professor of
International law. Harvard university;
and Mrs. Philip North Moore, president
of the Amerjcan Council of Women.
Krnk P. Walsh, formerly joint chair
man of the war labor board, did not
arrive, being called back to Washing
Peace Problem Faplatnrat.
Following the introduction by Hen
ry L Corbtt, chairman of the con
gress committee on investigat ion. and
who presided last night as a result of a
desire on the part of Mr. Taft to spend
the evening working on his speech. Pr.
tCcocludcd on lag Column 1.)
Doctors and Belief Workers on Way
to Holy Land.
NEW TORK. Feb. 16. Sailing as an
argosy of life and hope to the four mil
lion destitute people of the Holy Land
and other regions of the near east, the
steamship Leviathan left thjs port to
day with the largest contingent of
missionaries, doctors and relief workers
ever sent overseas at one time on such
mission. They will reach Constanti
nople, their destination, about Marcb
The party, comprising S30 members.
chiefly women, has been preceded by
equipment for 15 hospitals, food, clotti
ng and portable buildings 60 motor
rucks and other material donated by
the American Red Cross and the Amer
ican committee for relief in the near
The suplies are valued at more than
.D00.000. A number of men workers
who sailed on three previous ships are
already engaged in the relief of thous
ands of starving Syrians, Armenians
and Persians. All American religious
creeds are represented.
Real Clin,r Seen in In
tef.onal Plan.
League to Enforce Peace Wil
Back up Wilson.
National Drive to Be Made to Arouse
Public Sentiment In Favor
of Great Document.
American Army Animals Supplj
Meat to Hungry Germans.
COBLEXZ. Feb. 16. (By the Asso
elated Press.) Eight hundred con
demned American army horses and
mules were sold at auction to a Ger
man butcher near Coblcnx last week
with the understanding that all the
animals must be killed to help relieve
the meat shortage within the occupied
area. All the animals sold had been
found unfit for military use. owing to
age or because they had been gassed.
Inquiries are pouring Into Coblenx
from Cologne, Mayence, Frankfort and
other cities asking when the next sale
takes place.
Venezuelan Exiles in "cw York to
Foment Revolution.
NEW YORK. Keb. 16. A Venezuelan
alliance desisaed to work for the re
moval of President Gomez of Vene
zuela and the establishment of a "true
republic' was organized yesterday by
Venezuelans who have fled their coun
try during Gomez regime.
Nlcanir Bolet, former secretary to
the Venezuelan legation at Washington,
who presided, said the organization
would co-operate with similar bodies
in Latin-America and other countries,
representing more than 15.000 volun
tary exiles from Venezuela.
Madame Melba Arrives From Aus
tralia Bound for London.
VICTORIA. R. C, Feb. 16. The Canadian-Australian
liner Niagara, with
General Pau and members of the French
commission aboard, arrived at quaran
tine last night from Sidney, Australia,
and will dock at 9 A. M. tomorrow.
Madame Melba. the noted prima
donna. Is a passenger on the Niagara
on her way to London to sing at the
official peace celebration.
Sophomores and freshmen at the
Northwestern Vnlverslty on Strike.
CHICAGO. Feb. 16. Two hundred
and fifty sophomores and freshmen at
Northwestern university are on strike
in opposition to compulsory military
They presented a petition to Presi
dent Ilolgate asking that the training
be made optional with the students. I
Tt looks like a covenant with a real
clincher in it for a league of nations.'
In this manner 'William Howard
Taft. former president of the United
States and president of the League to
Enforce Peace, last night summed up
his opinion of the proposed covenant
made public at the Paris peace con
Mr. Taft gave his Impression of the
covenant at the national headquarters
of the League to Enforce Peace, which
at the time happened to be a special
car on the North Coast limited as it
sped down the Columbia river bringing
a number of world-prominent men to
Portland to attend the northwestern
congress of the league wnicn Degan
last night and will continue through
Public Sentiment to Be Aroused.
That the league will approve the
covenant and recommend that the
United States senate approve it, and
that the league will make a national
drive to arouse public sentiment in
favor of the Instrument, was the asser
tion of ex-President Taft.
The league president went directly
from his train to his hotel last night
to complete the preparation of a speech
which will deal exhaustively with the
covenant and when it is delivered here
will be the first searching discussion
of the Instrument since its text was
The world will hear from Portland
the opinion of an international authority.
League's Ideas Followed.
Mr. Taft declared that the document
as furnished the first real basts on
which the league to enforce peace could
work, and that in many respects it fol
lows ideas advanced by the league.
Although the covenant does not go as
far in some respects as he would like
to have had it, it docs go farther than
he had even dared to hope for, Mr.
Taft said.
Unwilling to pass on the respective
articles of the measure last night, Mr.
ironclud.i on Page 6. Column 0.
Owners of Plants Deny Report That
Industries Will Be Operated
on "Open-Shop" Basis.
SEATTLE, Feb. 16. Seattle's ship
yards will resume operations next
Wednesday after having been Idle
since 25,000 metal trades workers
walked out on a strike for a higher
wage scale January 21. Announce
ment to this effect was formally issued
tonight by the shipyard owners. The
workers will be employed at the yard
gates at the same rate of pay as exist
ed January 21.
The announcement by the shipyard
owners followed a conference held
Sunday afternoon and It was made the
vehicle of an emphatic denial that the
shipyards will be run on the "open
shop" basie. Men returning to work
will have to be re-employed, the ship
yard owners holding that they forfeit
ed their positions when they went on
strike-and this re-employment will be
carried out under the federal order of
February 2, which terminated the em
ployment of men through the regular
United States employment bureau. The
formal - announcement, signed by the
six leading shipbuilding firms, was as
"Because of the notice served by the
steel shipbuilders to the government
employment agency under date or
February . 12. that they would employ
their men at the yard gates, it has been
persistently stated that this has been a
declaration on the part of the employ
ers for an open shop. This we em
phatically deny and wish to advise our
employes, as well as the public, that
the steel shipbuilders intend to abide
by the agreement between the govern
ment of the United States and the in
ternational presidents of the unions,
as expressed by the president of the
United States.
The shipyards will resume opera
tions Wednesday morning at the rate
of wage In effect when they ceased
operations January 21."
San Francisco Residents Preparing
for July 1 Drouth.
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 16. (Special.)
Getting ready for the drouth that is
to come on July 1 next, hundreds of
San Franciscans are buying small stills.
These stills have a capacity of one
or two gallons a day. The internal
revenue department . nunerto nas not
followed ui the ownership of these
baby stills.
Internal revenue officials yesterday
began to study the laws and regula
tions to see .whether the holders of the
stills can be reached.
Boche Given Until Sunday
Afternoon to Sign.
Flat Refusal to Change Terms
Made by Grand Marshal.
Armistice to Be No Longer in Force
if Huns Fail lo Sign hy
6 P. M. on 16th.
COPENHAGEN, Feb. 16. Replying
to a request by Mathias Erzberger,
head of the German armistice commis
sion, for a delay in the signing of the
armistice terms until Monday noon
Marshal Foch declared that the armis
tice expired at 5 o'clock Monday morn
ing and that the last hour for signing
would be 6 o'clock Sunday afternoon
order to b eable to issue the neces
sary orders to the troops.
If not signed then. Marshal Foch
said, he would be obliged to leave
Treves and the armistice would no
longer be in force.
No Change to Be Made,
Answering Erzbcrger's counter de
mands. Marshal Foch said the new
armistice terms had been fixed by the
heads of the associated governments
and that he was unable to alter them.
COPENHAGEN, Feb. 16. A Weimar
dispatch under date of Saturday, Feb
ruary 15, says the German government
requested an extension of 24 hours'
time in which to reply to " Marshal
Foch's proposal for a prolongation of
Delay la Forecast.
It was pointed out that, owing to
the delay in receiving th armistice
commission's report a reply could not
be returned by 6 o'clock, as fixed by
Marshal Foch.
Features of Members -of American
Commission Perpetuated.
PARIS, Feb. 16. (By the Associated
press.) The United States government
has ordered that life masks be made of
every member of the American commis
sion to the peace conference.
A Hav&s dispatch from Basle Satur
day night reported that the armistice
had been extended Indefinitely and that
the Germans are required to cease their
offensive against the Poles and carry
out the previous terms of the armistice
until completed.
LONDON, Feb. 15. The invitation of
the peace conference to the various
Russian factions to meet at Prinkipo
may be withdrawn, as none of the par
ties have complied with the condition
that they cease fighting each other, ac
cording to Reuter's Paris correspond
ent. This and other questions, the corre
spondent says, were discussed mefore
President Wilson left Paris. j
Notice of Agreement of Japanese En
voys to Publish Secret Documents
Is Received With Interest.
PEKIN, Feb. 16. (By the Associated
Press.) Excitement prevails through
out China over reports concerning
Japanese efforts to Induce the Chinese
government to modify the action of its
delegates to the peace conference. De
spite the statement of TukichI Obata,
Japanese minister to China, that he
acted on his own initiative and not on
instructions from Tokio, Chinese alarm
continues. It has .not been allayed by
the declaration of the foreign minister
that Obata's visit to him was a friendly
President Hsui Shih Chang, backed
by his premier, has taken a strong
stand independently of the cabinet and
has telegraphed an expression of con
fidence to the Chinese peace delegates.
The news that Baron Maklno, of the
Japanese peace delegation, has agreed
to the publication of secret documents
has been received with interest In
Pekin, but it is believed here that not
all the agreements will be published, as
there are declared to be several which
the Chinese militarists do not dare dis
close. I
It is further asserted that others will
not be disclosed on the ground that
they relate to commercial agreements
only. Unless the fullest investigation
is ordered, there is a possibility that
some of the agreements will remain
secret, because Chinese militarists- are
deeply involved.
It is explained In competent circles
in Pekin that: there is a struggle now
proceeding between the president,
whose aims are democratic, and the
cabinet, which has military inclina
Ontario People Treat Boys
to Apple Feast.
Warriors Expected to Arrive
at 3 This Afternoon.
Reception Committee Convenes and
Outlines Plans for Meeting
Unexpected Situation.
i J
I - -I 'fi I
,, , IIIIITT'T .- --. I'
PEKING, China, Feb. 12. (By the
Associated Press.) Premier Chin Nun
Hsun, under instructions from Presi
dent Hsu Shih Chang, yesterday sent a
dispatch to the Chinese peace delega
tion instructing them to disclose to the
peace conference the Shantung railway
agreement and other secret agreements
with Japan. It is reported that the
president is encountering opposition
from his pro-Japanese cabinet at every
The Japanese are said to desire the
publicity of the Shantung agreement In
hope that the conference will recognize
its validity while the Chinese hope that
as the agreement has not been ratified
and it would give Japan a permanent
position in Shantung, the conference
will recognize its injustice.
Suspicion of Allies Expected Unless
Old Leaders Go.
GENEVA, Feb. 16. (By the Associat
ed Press ) Kurt Eisner, the Bavarian
premier, on his return to Munich from
the recent socialist conference held at
Berne, made reply to attacks in the
German press concerning his speech
at Berne. .
Eisner said the Germans did not real
ize to what a degree they were isolated
from the world and what terrible mis
trust there was of German politics out
side of Germany. The Germans, he
added, did not realize to what extent
the allies considered the German revo
lution a pure comedy and said that it
will be thus while the German leaders
remain the same as those who conduct
ed Germany's odious war policy.
Herr Eisner demanded an entire
change of the German government
Communication, Suspended Since
Opening of War, to Be Resumed.
PARIS, Saturday, Feb. 15. Telephone
communication between departments of
France, suspended since the beginning
of hostilities, will be resumed Monday.
Th Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature.
degrees; minimum, 44 degree.
TODAY'S Rain ; northwesterly shifting to
southerly winds.
Japan s attempt to bridle China alarms.
.rage l.
Lord Robert Cecil bids for world unity.
Page 3.
Troops and machine guns rule in Belfast.
Page 2.
Army on Rhine watches peace conference
closely. Page 2.
Foch threatens to terminate armistice.
Page 1.
feared as disturbing nation.
Page 3
will fight opening shipyard.
Mr. Hurley
Page 8.
Pacific northwest men arrive in New Tork.
Page 1.
Butte quiet; many troops In city. Page 8.
Session of Oregon legislature may extend
Into another week. Page 4.
Work of legislative ways and means commit
tee about none. Page 4.
Bills are passed by both houses of legislature.
1' 4.
Portland Gun club defeats Seattle, 703 to 603.
Three games upset interscholastic basket
ball dope. Page 1J.
Pacific North weit.
Seattle shipyards resume Wednesday.
Page 1.
Sixty-ftftn heroes cross Oregon line. Fage 1.
Port find and Vicinity.
Congress Indorses league covenant. Tage 1.
Proposed merger of port Interests to be vig
orously oppose a. Page 14.
Bishop F. W. Keator of Tacoma scores
church self-satisfaction. Page ft. .
Paris covenant pleases Mr. Taft. Page 1.
Portland reconstruction committee approves
Senator Eddy s bill. Page 14.
Salmon Industry subject of discord between
Oregon and Washington, hagc J4,
Money rate lower than for past year.
Uplift of Germ -in national soul declared
world a duty, fage .
Weather report, dta and forecast. Page 14.
NAM PA, Idaho, Feb. 16. (Special.)
The first section of the train carrying
the 65th regiment, coast artillery corps,
reached Nam pa at 8:30 o'clock tonifrht.
It will be followed by the second, which
is scheduled to arrive at 9:50.
Batteries C and D and the headquar
ters company are on the first section,
making: in all 27 officers and 433 men.
Both sections are made up of one ba-g-age
car, one kitchen car, one stand
ard sleeper and 11 tourist cars.
The second section has on board bat
teries E and F, supply company and
the band, making' in all 13 officers and
467 men.
The late arrival here is due to the
fact that the first section was held up
at Glenn's Ferry, Idaho, for almost
three hours for the second section lo
catch up. On this account railroad of
ficials here announced that the tw
trains will find it impossible to reach
Portland before 3 o'clock tomorrow
afternoon. Trains to Come la Tog-ether.
After passing- Huntington where th
boys will be given a lunch the first
section will be delayed long enough at
various points so that the two sections
will reach Portland about 10 minutes
The first section will reach Ontario,
the first stop in Oregon, at 9:25 o'clock
where Oregon apples will be given them
by the Ontarians, then take an
other little jog through Idaho and into
Huntington at 10:30 P. M.
Home soul-satisfying word! From
across the mighty Atlantic they come
these Portland and Oregon boys who
were willing to make the supreme sac
rifice that right should triumph over
might. Are their thoughts on victories
at Pont-a-Monsson, the Argonno, before
Verdun and at Boise de Trayes, or tho
discomforts suffered? Perish the
thought. When I boarded the first sec
tion at Nam pa, Idaho, and commenced
to ask them of their experiences "over
there," I felt as out of place as a faro
layout in a church, for instead of ob
taining the information I found myself
answering a volume of questions about
Boys Only Thought Is "Home."
First Lieutenant Vern N. Walton, a
Portland man with battery C, gives you
pretty well the big idea in every man's
head when he said: "I've only room for
one thought, now I'm going home,
going to see my wife and folks dear to
me. Been away a year. Seen a lot of
country, and, believe me, pal, there's
no place like the banks of the Willam
ette." Boys as Fresh as Ever.
You who have waited so long and so
anxiousiy for their coming are wonder
ing if the struggle has left its stamp
Not a bit of it. As one looks over the
ruddy faces of these artillery experts
who are as fresh as an apple bloom,
listens to their talk and hears their
hearty laughter they remind one not so
much of war-scarred veterans as of
very happy boys released from school
to the joys of a well-earned vacation,
and they are thinking of you, too. You
hear ft on all sides:
"Wonder how the folks look?"
"Bet you won't know your els," and
"Just received a telegram that mother
will be at the station."
Their great hope is to find you just
as they left you when early last year
they vanished frpm your gaze like a
beautiful dream even to the tears in
your eyes, but this time they will be
tears of Joy, and pride from a heart
overflowing with happiness at their
safe return.
Men Impatient te Reach Portland.
The men are impatient to get to
"Philadelphia and other cities en
route have given us a wonderful re
ception," said Colonel Kerfoot, "but
there's something about the westerner
that's different."
The men endeavor to analyze tho
easterner and the cast and compare
with the westerner and the west but
find it impossible. "One can't lay his
finger on the difference," asserted one
youth whose eyes glittered like a bas
ilisk's, "but it's there. Maybe it is be
cause the west is home."
Further Delay Possible.
Owing to the late arrival in Warrum
the trains will have to make record
time to reach Portland by 3 o'clock to
morrow afternoon.
Officials of the Oregon Short Line
here are unable to say how fast
the O.-W. R & N. company will hiWKlle
the troop trains after Huntington is
reached, but it is expected that they
will be hurried along to the home
coming. Men will be able to have as
much time in the Rose City as pofai
ble. The general reception and wel-
(CoucJuded on Page 7, Column 1.)