Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, October 03, 1918, Page 10, Image 10

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"What will be the effect of Bulgaria's
desertion on German strategy? That
5s the most interesting question now
arising in the war. The answer is
necessarily a matter of speculation,
and it requires a statement of the situ
ation as it exists in the west and as it
will be created in the east by Bul
garia's agreement with the allies and
possible attack on Turkey.
In the west the Germans are every
where on the defensive and being
driven back, losing heavily in men
and material, inferior in numbers and
armament and with this inferiority
growing as the American Army grows.
Austria's last hope of a successful of
fensive against Italy vanished with
her defeat on the Piave, her army on
that front has already been weakened
by detachment of troops to aid Ger
many, and it faces the threat of attack
hy greatly strengthened Italian
army, to which British, French and
American troops have been added. In
Russia the Czechs on the Volga and
the allies in the north are fighting
their way to a junction of forces,
which may soon be increased by a
great army of Czechs, Russians and
allies from Siberia, and the Ukraine is
In revolt. An uprising In Roumania
threatens to follow the transfer of
Von Mackensen's main army into Bul
garia and Serbia, and the allies are
advancing in superior force to meet
him and to cut off the isolated bodies
of Germans and Austrians which have
been exposed to capture by Bulgaria's
Hard pressed as Germany is in the
west, she dare not refrain from an
effort to prevent the allies from reach
ing the Danube and the Save, for
Austria is already clamoring for peace,
her subject peoples are seething with
rebellion, and the appearance of allied
armies on the border of the Jugo-Slav
provinces would be the signal for
action. The allies would also stretch
a hand across the Danube to lift
Roumania to her feet, arm her men
and put them in the field again. Un
less large forces are sent to the Bal
kans, the war may soon be carried to
the interior of Austria and Hungary
from the southeast and east. The dual
monarchy might then succumb and
accept the fate which the allies have
in store for it military occupation
and dismemberment. The southern as
well as the western frontier of Ger
many would then lie open to attack,
and the allied forces would be greatly
augmented by addition of the emanci
pated peoples of Austria-Hungary and
Roumania. Stripped of the manpower
and munition output of the dual mon
archy. Germany could not long resist
There is but one way in which Ger
many can gain the forces to ward off
this catastrophe retreat. By with
drawing from the Belgian coast and
from France to a line running from
Antwerp along the Scheldt, the Meuse.
across to the Moselle east of Verdun,
tip that river and along the Vosges,
Germany might spare enough troops
to hold the new line in the Balkans.
The small army in Finland might be
withdrawn, also the troops which
liave penetrated to the heart of Russia
might draw back to a line running
from the Gulf of Finland close to the
old line of trenches which was held
from the Fall of 1915 to the Summer
of 1317. This would be to abandon
the Bolsheviki to the certain and
richly deserved fate of extermination,
but they have served their purpose,
and Russia is a liability rather than
n asset to Germany in the present
juncture. Austria might withdraw
from the Piave river to the mountain
line along the frontier, which perhaps
could be manned by half the present
force per mile, but the mountain line
is so much longer that no economy of
fori'e might result.
Germany might be able to hold the
lines described through the Winter,
though there are signs that the allies
plan to press the campaign with unre
lated vigor in that season, hoping to
prevent the enemy from having any
respite for rest and recuperation and
for accumulation of munitions for the
Spring, also to lower his morale still
farther when it is lowest. But during
the Winter Germany may be expected
to start a peace offensive surpassing
all others in intensity. The with
drawal may be represented as volun
tary and as proof of genuine ac
ceptance of the principle, of self-determination
of peoples. Franchise re
form may be pushed through the
Prussian Diet and the Reichstag and
may be cited as proof that Germany
has become, democratic and that the
government is truly representative
and therefore such as President Wil
son said he would treat with. If peace
overtures should then be rejected, the
war party might seek to rally the
people by proclaiming that the allies
were determined to destroy Germany
and that, whatever might be true of
the past, the war had now become one
for defense of national existence.
The allies need to beware of just
euch an offensive, for it would be a
tissue of falsehood. While Germany
held any non-German territory, its in
habitants would not be free to choose
their own government. That state
ment would apply to the still occupied
part of Belgium, to Luxemburg, Alsace-Lorraine,
Schleswig-Holstein and
Polish Prussia. It would also apply
to the Baltic provinces and to Russian
Poland. Though more Germans would
have votes under a new franchise law,
they would still be. impotent, for the
constitutions of both Germany and
Prussia would be unchanged. Exec
utive power and the power of initiative
in and veto of legislation would still
be concentrated in the Kaiser and his
princely and junker counselors, and
the lower houses of both parliaments
would still be mere debating societies.
Franchise reform would not become
operative until an election had been
held under the new law and, if the
war party could deceive the allies into
accepting it as genuine proof that
Germany had become democratic and
could conclude peace while still in the
saddle, the new law might never be
come operative, the constitution might
remain unchanged and the militarists
would then be newly entrenched in
power to prepare for the next war; In
the revolution of 184 8 concessions to
democracy were made in both Prussia
and Austria, but the sovereigns no
sooner got the upper hand than they
were taken back.
No trust can be put in concessions
made for the sake of expediency by
devotees of divine right. The only
sure way to establish the rule of the
people is to take away the monarch's
power beyond chance of recovery, and
the surest way to do that is to depose
finally such criminal dynasties as the
Hohenzollerns and Hapsburgs. That
requires that the allied armies push
on till they occupy Berlin and Vienna.
Henry Ford, it may be inferred, ac
cepts at full value the statement that
"politics is adjourned." He has given
the Democratic party leaders of Mich
igan the disheartening information
that he will not expend a cent in the
campaign. Also he makes the guarded
pledge that he will "support President
Wilson's war measures while he con
tinues his present and past wise
course in the conduct of the war." Mr.
Ford will not bind himself to vote for
any measure "because it is labeled
Democratic or Republican."
But the President appears to be
confident that he can continue to
please Mr. Ford, for he personally re
quested Mr. Ford to become a candi
date for United States Senator.
One may now be interested more
keenly than ever in what constitutes
support of the President in war legis
lation. In some of the Eastern states
the Democratic campaign committee
is urging the voters to uphold the
President by electing Democrats to
Congress. Over in the Southeastern
Washington district a Democratic
candidate for Representative uses the
slogan: "Uphold the administration
by voting for McCroskey for I'on
gress." In our own community the
Democratic candidate for Governor
seeks to convey the impression that
only through his election can sup
port of the President be assured.
Yet a war measure, so labeled by
the President, and earnestly com
mended to the favorable action of the
Senate by him, was defeated Monday
by two votes. On this war measure
the woman suffrage amendment
twenty-two Democrats either voted
"no" or were paired against it.
The Republican opponents numbered
The need of a Democratic Congress
in order to support the President is
befuddling. One may suspect that the
policy adopted by some Democrats is
to support the President enthusi
astically and energetically only so
long as"they agree with him on what
ought to be done. The number of
Democrats on the Ford platform
seems to have been increased by
twenty-two. Why a Democratic Con
Capture of Damascus by the allies
is an event of great moment in the
Orient, because it is one of the great
est cities in Turkey, having a popula
tion estimated at 154.000 to 225,000,
and because it has been in the hands
of the Moslem since its conquest by
the Arabs in the year 635. except for
brief periods during the Mongol and
Tartar invasions. Its fall is a symbol
of the. dissipation of those hopes that
Moslem power would be revived and
that Germany would rule the world as
the protector of the Moslem, which
were raised by the Kaiser in 1898. It
was at Damascus that he made the
speech in 1898 in which he said that
"the 300.000,000 Mohammedans who
live scattered over the globe may be
assured of this, that the German Em
peror will be their friend at all times."
In what low esteem Mohammedans
held his protection may be judged by
the fact that the Arabs formed part of
the army with which his enemies cap
tured the city and that all the Mo
hammedans in the world are arrayed
against him except the Turks. The
moral effect of the victory on the
Oriental World will fortify the power
of the European nations which won
the city and will be heightened by the
alliance with the Arabs, who are
guardians of Mahomet's tomb.
Damascus is of interest to the stu
dent of ancient history, for it is re
puted to be the oldest city in the world
that is still inhabited. It may date
back to the time of Babylon, and it is
mentioned in Genesis as existing at
the time of Abraham. Syria grew
from a. province of the Pharaohs into
an independent kingdom, with Damas
cus as its capital, which had many
wars with Israel. It was conquered
by the Assyrians in 732 B. C. and
thereafter fell successively under the
sway of Persia, Alexander the Great,
Egypt and Rome. It stands at the
foot of the Anti-Lebanon mountains
in a plain that is well watered by the
biblical rivers, Abana and Pharpar,
and has several beautiful mosques and
churches. It was formerly the trade
center of the Syrian desert, but its
transit trade has been diverted to the
If the difference betweeh perform
ance and promise in some of our war
undertakings notably the building of
ships and aircraft has been disap
pointingly wide, it has at least served
to remind us that it requires some
thing more than enthusiasm in its
first high flush to accomplish results
worth while. The men who boast
most loudly of the sacrifices they
made in order to "do their bit" in the
shipyards are not to be compared for
real efficiency, for instance, to those
who, saying less about it. go on work
ing six days every week. It is not
getting on the payroll of the shipyard
which counts, so much as a good
record for steady duty.
The American people, however, are
beginning to realize this, so there is
no reason for pessimism. A few at a
time the work slackers are being
weeded out; it is now commonly un
derstood that three or four days a
week is not a sufficient showing for
an ablebodied man. even if in this
time he can earn all the money he
thinks he needs. Even at the risk of
being ruined by "prosperity, he must
go right on working. It is the labor
that the country needs, and all of it
that can be commanded.
There is another way la which
workers can help materially to win
the war In Europe, and that la by
curbing the spirit of restlessness. Sel
dom is there anything to gain by mov
ing from one job to another. The sol
dier is not permitted to hunt a. new
station every time he is piqued by
the conduct of a top Sergeant or a
Lieutenant: the civil worker can well
endure the comparatively minor
slights that are his lot. The worst
that can befail a man in a safe job at
home is nothing by comparison with
the average lot of the soldier. The
patience of the workman should be
fortified by reflection upon this fact.
It is patriotic, even if it seems un
romantic, just to keep plugging away.
Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do.
do It with thy might, is a sufficient
rule of conduct for those who earn
estly desire to perform the highest
possible service for their coaintry.
There will be loyal compliance, of
course, with the official command, or
request, that the seditious utterances
which result in arrests be not printed
in detail in the newspapers, but at the
same time it is permissible to raise the
question whether this is, after all, the
wiser policy. For one thing, the
American people- alo too loyal to be
turned from their course by reading
the words of traitors; for another, the
words themselves usually carry their
own refutation. Those who have access
to the records will bear testimony that
these vocal exponents of sedition
never have anything to say which is
convincing or which it would be at all
dangerous to print.
The value of publicity would be that
it would show all doubting ones that
our Government is acting with tem
perance and is guided by reason. It
would kill the rumor in advance of its
circulation. A common form of enemy
propaganda is to start a story that cer
tain innocent persons are being mys
teriously "railroaded" to jail without
due cause and to gratify the spite of
some neighbor or official. It is a
question whether these whisperings
might not do more harm in certain
circles than publication of the details
of the charge would do.
It probably is not a matter of high
importance, either way, but Ameri
cans are inclined to be jealous of their
right to know all facts which are not
military secrets. We rely upon the
justice of our cause and are not afraid
of the truth.
The action of the Germans in laying
waste to non-military property as they
retire their action at St. Quentin and
at Cambrai is an example of this
makes it entirely proper for the allies
to hold the threat of reprisals in kind
over their heads as a club. If there
were any other way to restrain them,
it would be a different matter. But
there is not.
There are signs that the American
Army is aching for a chance to pay
the Prussians off in their own coin
not for atrocities against individuals,
for these have been too horrible for us
to duplicate but in ways which will
not offend our sense of the humanities
and at the same time will give the
enemy something to think about. For
a St. Quentin a Mannheim, for a Cam
brai a Dusseldorf, for an Antwerp a
Cologne, and so on, and then see to it
that the promise is kept unless the
practice of senseless and wanton
destruction is discontinued. The
mighty wail that went up from the
Rhine cities when our airmen began
bombarding tells the kind of material
their residents are made of.
And then, of course, we must keep
on until we are in a position to do as
we said we would. We can rely on
our troops, who already are beginning
to insist in advance that no mistaken
policy of fatal tenderness shall rob
them of the fruits of victory. Not in
the spirit of personal revenge, but be
cause they do not want Germany left
free to wage war all over again, they
are asking that the "arch-criminals be
brought to account." as one cor
respondent puts it. They who are on
the ground and have seen are calling
for the punishment of the Hapsburgs
and the Hohenzollerns. and for justice
to the officers responsible for outrages
and to those, for example, who have
been in charge of prison camps in
which our men have been badly treat
ed. The idea that guilt is personal
finds strong indorsement from our
men in France. Renter's correspond
ent has this interpretation of their
attitude , toward the bogus peace of
fensives of the central powers:
I have been at pains to nund the senti
ment of the American Army on tbe en
emy's peare offensive, with a rewult s'srt
lingly ronvtnrtng. I wan prepared for firm
ness, but I frtund rather a feeling of Klip
pressed furv at the thoticht of any terms
being made with the Hun until he had
yielded hia arms and asked for merry.
We need not be, and will not be.
savages to give notice to the German
government of our intention to hold it
strictly to account. It may be that
the Germans will be driven from Bel
gium and Northern France during the
coming Winter, and we must save the
people of those districts all the suffer
ing we can. The German mind is in
capable of being reached through any
other appeal than fear.
It is not extravagant, perhaps, to
predict that the whole earth will be
brought within the possibilities of
economic exploitation within a decade.
It is certain, in any event, that more
will, be added to the sum of our
geographical knowledge than has been
contributed in any similar period in
the history of the world. Air naviga
tion wrll accomplish this, and the
spirit of adventure, plus Increased de
velopment of industrial efficiency, will
make unheard-of economic develop
ment possible. It can be said with
truth that we are now ready to ex
plore the tropics to their farthest
recesses whenever we have the will to
do so, and it is now indicated that we
are literally ready to complete the
task of putting the Arctic regions on
the map. That which Vilhjahlmur
Stefansson has been laboring to ac
complish ever since he set out on his
first northern expedition in 1908 quite
conceivably may be duplicated in a
few weeks by a well-organized party
of explorers equipped with modern
means of travel.
The future relation of the polar
region to the industry of the world
will depend, of course, upon whether
it is found to yield materials of value,
and light is thrown upon this by Dr.
R. M. Anderson, head of the southern
branch of Stefansson'a expedition,
who returned home in advance of the
main party and has made a report
upon it. He mentions the rapidity
with which the fur trade is being de
veloped by establishment of communi
cation with the natives, and hints at
future additions to the world's meat
supply through conservation and de
velopment of great herds of reindeer
and other animals, but it is In Its mln
eral wealth that the frozen North Is
likely to become the greatest factor.
His rarty found one range of Topper
deposits In the vicinity of Bathhurst
inlet which he estimated to contain
at least two billion tens of "the
il. These were actually seen, and
insson has spoken of other copper j
deposits in islands farther (- to the
north. There is no reason, therefore,
for believing that even this stupendous
amount represents the end of Arctic
c6pper resources. The fact is im
portant because of its relation to our
dream of developing the power re
sources of the country to their fullest
extent. Long distance power trans
mission rennires vast ntmnrJtie of
copper. The Arctic circle can furnish'
thin if all other sources fail.
Spitzenbergen has been producing
coal on a commercial scale ever since
the beginning of the century and the
mines have been operated profitably
notwithstanding a short shipping sea
son and other difficulties. There
would seem to be no reason for sup
posing that other coal veins will not
j be found in the uncharted regions, so
that we have reasonable assurance of
a continuous supply of fuel for many
generations. There is some timber
150 or 200 miles within the Arctic
circle, which may be important to the
development of mining, and the possi
bilities of finding other minerals than
copper are as yet untested. But with
development of a means of setting ex
plorers down in the very haart of the
new country', the adventurous spirit
of thjs people of the temperate zone
may"e depended upon to do the rest.
A curious fact which receives con
firmation from the explorations of
Stefansson and his kind is that almost
no part of the world is so inhospitable
that, it does not harbor some human
beings. Everywhere that explorers
go. they find new tribes. It would be
logical to suppose that these would
welcome their visitors as deliverers,
but it Is not so. They prefer to remain
in the bleak regions that are home to
them. But exploration is putting them
in touch with the outside world and
their labors will be turned to account.
They may, indeed, become purveyors
to the world of meat supplies, as well
as of minerals and coal and oil.
The war has hastened in at least
two ways the day when the world will
be one great economic family. Devel
opment of the airplane will make ex
ploration a simple matter of routine,
and perfection of social organization
will aid in the great work of develop
ment. The treasures of the frozen
North, no less than those of the
tropics, have been placed measurably
within our grasp by events which have
occurred since August, 1914.
General von Freytag-Lorlnghoven.
deputy chief of the German general
staff, has been obliged to revise the
opinion expressed In his book on the
next war, that "we shall have to con
sidcr how to preserve for war the
character of the war of movement.
That was undertaken in March and
continued into July, when the allies
took the task out of the hands of
Germany, with the result that in a
recent speech the general said Ger
many must now convince the allies
that "we are invincible in a defensive
war.." ite admits that the allies have
"unparalleled means for technical
fighting, including numberless tanks,
but makes a claim that "our Infantry
is absolutely superior to theirs in
hand-to-hand fighting." which is not
sustained by the last series of battles.
The Germans are not proving "in
vincible In defensive war" and the in
fantry of the allies is proving as far
superior as their technical means.
The general will have to revise his
opinion again.
The science of genetics may profit
by the depression in the South African
ostrich industry which has resulted
from the war. Ostrich farmers have
been compelled by lower profits to
turn their attention to Improving
strains, and also to checking degen
eration which has been observed after
half a century of intensive inbreeding.
A bird which yields forty-two plumes
from each wing, instead of the average
of thirty-six. now holds a place in the
public eye comparable to that. of the
champion Oregon hen at home, and
its progeny are being carefully devel
oped, in hope that a new strain may
be developed which will yield 25 per
cent more than the average bird of
today. The problem of the "boarder
ostrich" is as acute in Africa as that
of the boarder cow in the United
I States and is being solved In the samo.
manner by weening out the stock
which it does not pay to keep and
concentrating upon highly improved
If you need to bo registered and
have not attended to i. there are but
three days left. A full vote is needed
next month. You would better be sat
isficd than sorry when the votes are
The high percentage of effectives
among students at Washington State
College tends to show that there is
small cause for the wails about the
physical deterioration of the American
Since pigs' heads make excellent
cheese, halibut heads ought to be fine
for chowder. The latter are free at
Commissioner Kellaher's fish market.
So, too, are porpoise steaks.
Roosevelt may strike a popular
chord in advocating promotion from
the ranks, but the men running the
Army and this war do not care much
for Roosevelt's opinions.
Old Optimism the First, whoso given
name Is Jayhawker, figures on ten
million acres of wheat in the Sun
flower state next year. May she have
a "good" year!
Turkey's reported decision to stay
in is due very likely to the indiffer
ence. of the allies. Allenby will attend
to Turkey in his own good time.
In the matter of disorderly conduct
by n)en and women, the world prob
ably is no worse than usual, but more
people seem to be watching.
Threat of reprisal will not stop Hun
destruction.! The All-Highest and the
Junkers care naught about suffering
"swine" of their country.
It looks like a few zealots would
put something over by main strength,
Portland is very much contented just
as she is. I
By this time everybody who can be
led by persuasion has bought a bond.
The next move must be a squeeze.
Jones, the Emergency Fleet fellow
with five wives, no doubt considers
himself a wartime essential.
The Huns will find the plan of the
march to Berlin In the tale of Sher
man's march to the sea.
If the next
through Italy,
it will
Tanks go in
be good-bye
The Hun is going seme to
ahead of the Belgian cavalry.
Stars and Stannakers.
By Looms) Cass Bars.
Margaret Illlngton. praising the
close-to-nature existence. save. "In the
woods one has time to live.?" Which is
all very fine if one could live on time
"I do not know what time Is. nor
any -other existence, entity or thing
whatever, says a scientist.
Had to read it twice before I be
lieved some scientist said it- Sounds
lBsle the telephone information opera
tor' replica
I bet the German soldiers with those
darned Iron crosses could be boiled to
make soup.
Alice Fleming suggests that the
fleetng Germans have possibly stopped
singing "Die Warht am Rhein" for
"Every Little Movement Has a Mean
ing- Its Own."
Guests a'flock of late sleepers who
used to curse the plank-plank of the
gentle radiator, will regard It aa
sweetest melody, now that the land
lord's are going to dole .the heat out
in thimblefula.
Lottie Plekford, who Is a film star
on her own, aside from the sisterly re
lationship of the only Mary, la looking
favorably at vaudeville. Miss Pick-
ford Is prepared to enter It If the
managers will pay her S2001 weekly
aa salary.
The managers if they have heard
about it have expressed no opinion.
Maud Fulton, in aaeoeoation with
George Kbe-y, recent manager of the
McDonough, Oakland, have leased tha
Bishop playhouse. Oakland.
The name of the theater Is to pa
changed to the Maud Fulton Theater.
Miss Fulton opened her season San-
day In "Mary, a String of Beads," and
will follow with 'The Brat," and other
playa from her own pen.
At last George M. Cohan hit com
pleted the long-promised play for
Chauneey Olcott. Its title Is "The Voice
of MeConnell. and the piece will go
Into rehearsal Monday.
Reference wae made recently to a
newspaper account of an accident at
Hartford in which William Gillette.
actor, was the principal figure. Ac
cording to the report. Gillette, while
riding down to his houseboat on a
motorcycle, took a header and plunged
into the Connecticut River.
Frank Howe sent the clipping to Mr.
Gillette, with the following note:
Don't let this happen again. To
take euch complicated and roundabout
way to reach one'a houseboat carries
needless risk."
To which Mr. Gillette replied: "There
is some error. It must have been the
razor man.'
Liza Lehman, distinguished singing
teacher and composer, died recently in
Mrs. Patrick Campbell Is touring In
the provinces of England In "The Thir
teenth Chair." I'd rather see Verna
Felton's idea of how it ought to be
done than Mrs. Pat Campbell's.
Irene Franklin and Burt Greene
with the others of the Over There
League. Cortnne Frances and Tony
Hunting, are at present entertaining
troops In Paris, prior to visiting the
camps "Redhead." by Mrs. Greene, is
hugely appreciated.
Harry Lauder has arranged to visit
the American troops in France shortly,
his tour towards the trenches being
mapped out by the T. M. C. A. I.auder
hopes to give several shows each day
during the week he is in France.
Before Jack I-ait left New York for
Chicago last week he started on the
story of "A Fat Chance." which Will-
lam Morris will produce this Fall, star
ring Sophie ' Tucker. Others engaged
thUH far for the show are Kddie Carr,
Dave Ferguson and Joyce Fair.
Miss Tucker has been routed for
few weeks in vaudeville with herself
snd ""Syncopated Kings." receiving J1000
Fir Johnson Forbes-Robertson, strol
ling along Fifth avenue. New York, re
cently was recognized by an observing
shop girl out for her lunch. "Look,
Mamie," the girl said, as ehe nudged
her companion. "There goes Forbes-
Koberfson. the great actor. They say
he-g gone into the movies." The girl ad
dressed as Ma mi masticated her chew
Ing gum unmercifully as she surveyed
the dignified face and figure of the
actor. "Well." she announced critically
"I wish him luck, but he'll never hold
a candle to Charlie Chaplin; that's my
Muriel Worth, who left vaudeville
when marrying "Dutch" Leonard, the
ballplayer, is returning to vaudeville
in a new act carrying three people.
Her husband has been drafted.
Gus Klelnlcke. formerly musical di
rector for Frltzi Scheff and whose wife
mentioned Frltzi as corespondent when
she got a divorce. Is now a soldier. He
Is at Fort Hancock. Ga. and is a band
The largest painted liberty loan sign
In the United States is on the north
wall of the new Keith Theater building
In South Sallna street. In Syracuse,
N. Y.
Fifty by SO feet of wall space Is
covered by a reproduction of the lib
erty loan poster that won the 11000
prise in the New York Art League con
teat. '
The late Senator Tabor built the Ta
bor Grand Opera-House at Denver some
30 years ago. Ho employed an Italian
artist to decorate the interior, with the
understanding that he (Tabor) was not
to enter the theater until the work was
completed. Over the center of the
proscenium waa a picture of Shake
speare. On a tour of inspection, Iri com
pany with the artist. Senator Tabor
said: "Whose picture is that?" The art
ist replied: "Shakespeare." "Shake
speare! What in hell did he ever do for
Denver? You paint him out and paint
me in."
Wosirs la War Work.
ROSEBURQ. Or., Oct- 1. (To the
Editor:) Are married women ever
aent overseas in any branch of war
aervlce? If so, in what branch?
If you refer to a womarl whoa hue
band is in the American Expeditionary
Forces, the answer la no. Marriage In
other elrcumstaneea la not a bar to
service, Ifor particulars write to Wo
men's Committee, Cenncll of National
Defeaae, Washington. U, C
! i!r j
' Those Who Come and Go. In Other Days. '
l -M
"You want to smoke a cigarette when
you are going over the ton. and you
moke one after another. Yes. I gue.
It is an- indicarion of nervousness."
said Trivate F. Stoley. U. S. M. C. ho
fought at Chateau Thterey. Solssons
and Bclleau wood with the. Marines
before a machine gun bullet put him
out of action. Private Stoley arrived
at the Multnomah yesterday with Pri
vate C. J. Rnudson. U. S. M. C. both
of the soldiers registering from the
l. s. Mvl Hospital. Norfolk, Va.
They tell you now about 10 mln-
utea before you go over." continued
Private Stoley, "because no man. no
matter how many times he haa been
under fire, can etand the strain If he
knowa several hours in advance what
is coming. We went over once on
five minutes' notice, with our officers
carr ing ranea and smoking rlgara and
most of the boys puffing cigarettes.
We advance in a long line at a medium
walk, although sometimes a fellow
wants to move faster.
'Germans are rood lonar-dtstanra
fighters, but they're not much when
you get close to them. The Prussian
guard put up a better trran at close
quarters. I never saw auch slaughter
aa In Belleau wood. We simply mowed
em oown as tney came on In mass for
mation until they lay three and four
deep. It waa awful. And the next
morning they tried It again, with the
same result. We went into that scrap
after riding Is hours on motor trucks.
then hiked about 20 kilometers and
started fighting without taking a rest."
Two weddinga In one day were ataged
t the rieward, and. by coincidence.
11 of the contracting narties were
from Patera. F. Pinnella and Miss B.
Hebel were married In the hotel par
lor, and scarcely had they departed
than A O. Henllne and Miss Anna
Freltaa were made one.
Dr. C L. Foley, of Moro. Or. Dassed
through Portland yesterday.
William McCormlck. interested In the
shipbuilding industry at St. Helens,
was a patron yesterday at the Benson.
Edward Helton, one of the leading:
dry goods merchants of Tillamook
County, la among the arrivals at the
Sergeant-Malor Christie, of the Cana
dian forces, registered at the Seward
yesterday. He haa been on a speaking
tour In Kastern Oregon for the liberty
loan campaign.
Frank J. Miller, chairman of the
Public Service Commission of Oregon,
is registered at the imperiaL
F. S. Omsted. of the United States
Forestry Service, is among the patrons
at the Benson.
Sheriff W. L. Camnbell. of Tillamook
County. Is in Portland on- business. He
Is registered at the Seward.
Judge C. B. Watson, of Ashland, one
of the heat-known citizens of that sec
tion of the state, is at the Imperial.
Mrs. Cheater B. Murphy. Jr.. is on a
viait from Anchorage. Alaska, and Is
at the Multnomah..
Former State Architect W. c. Knight
ton, of Salem, is at the Seward. .
Oscar Hayter. of Dallas. Or.. Is in
the city on business, and Is at the
Miss A. R. Boutin, of MinneaDolis.
who has been visiting in Portland for
lew nays, arcompanierl bv her par
ents, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Boutin, was
arrled to James A. Mickey, of the
Spruce Division, yesterday. A wedding
breakfast was held at the. Hotel Port
land. The bridegroom secured a fur
lough and came to Portland for the
Judge James Campbell, of Oreaon
City, was in town yesterday renewing
Spencer Wortman. state sealer of
weights and measures, ia registered at
the Seward from Salem.
From Hoqulam. on business. N. G.
Blagen, a prominent lumberman of that
city, is In Portland and is a guest at
the Benson.
Two prominent figures in the ship
building Industry at Astoria. K. W.
Wright, of the McrJachern yard, and
George F. Rogers, of the Rogers
yard, have been attending a con
ference of shipbuilding managers In
C. L. Hobart. of tlrants Pass, who is
a member of the executive board for
his county in the coming united wnr
work campaign, is registered at the
Walter M. Pier.-c. of La Grande, has
returned to Portland. having been
called home last week by the death
of his mother.
A former member o
wr of the State Pardon
il. Holmes, pastor of
noaru. ur. tuts M. Holmes, pa
the First 'ongregat itinal Church at
W alia Walla, is in the city.
Mr. and Mrs. II. p. Hass, from the
agency at Klamath, are at the Benson.
One Wmr to Inonre Peace.
SL'THKRLIN. Or, Oct. 1 (To the
Editor.) What a grand chance Eng
land and the United States will have
to prevent future wars of conqueet by
Germany and Austria when this war
Is over and the allied armies have
taken the Kaiser, the Crown Prince
and the Austrian Emperor prisoners.
Let the allied powers call a Jury
composed of a representative of each
power and nation that in opposed to
the central powers and try the Hohen
zollerns and Hapsburgs for treason
against the nations of the world and
for murder and piracy on the high
seas, and then take the leading gen
erals of both empires snd try them for
wholesalo murder. Finding them guilty,
sentence them to death by hanging, not
by ehooting. as they are used to see
ing deaih by ehooung. and it has no
terrors In that form. Death by
hanging would be .very odious to the
German mind.
A public spectacle of this would stop
all ambitious kings, emperors and
princes from starting future wars.
Then. If England was made chief agent
to carry out a decree of an interna
tional court that Germany and Austria
can have no more warahlps on the
aeas. nor build any war ship, w-e would
have peace on earth. AMERICAN.
Ratings ia Civil Service.
PORTLAND. Oct. I. (To the Editor:)
1. What ia considered a good rating
(Civil Service) for first grade depart
mental clerk?
2. Has a person making an average
of 87 per cent a chance for an early
2. Are appolntmenta made accord
ing to rating, or are age and exper
ience taken into consideration?
4. Is there any way to find out
whether an appointment will be made
before Thanksgiving?
(1) A standing of 70 per cent is a
good passing mark In examinations for
the position in question. (2) An aver
age of S7 is very good. (3) From six
weeks to two months are required In
making appointments, which are made
on ratings, experience being not taken
Into consideration. (4) There Is no
way In which an applicant can ascer
tain probability of early appointment,
for lettera to the commission on that
subject are not answered. All appli
cant a, however, whether or net ius
caaafui, will be notified la due- time.
Fifty Tear Ata.
From The Oreaonlaa. October S. im.
Salem. The copperheads are making
a lot of fuss with bonfires, torchlights,
rockets, band mueio and a big spooney.
The crowd of people in the streets Is
tremendous. The theater la already
full. Many hundreds are here from the
fair grounds, out of curiosity. Apple
gate will speak here tomorrow night
at the Wigwam.
Among the measures which should
he inaugurated aa one of our police
regulations is that of removing some
of the great piles of rubbish which fill
many vacant portions of lots right in
the business part of town. A great
many of our citizens are too careless In
regard to this thing and allow quanti
ties of rags, paper, loose boards and
chipa to accumulate in the rear ef their
building, both to the injury of their
good health and enhancing the dm
sera of fire.
We learn that the Pioneers were.
beaten at the state Fair Grounds yes
terday by the Clackamas baaeball club
ty runs in eight inninaa The Clack-
amaa boya are the champions of the
Twenty-five Years Age.
Frewt The Orercmlan. October S. l!t3.
Washington. President Cleveland haa
signed the proclamation setting apart
a large tract of land as a forest reaer-
vatlon under the act of March S, 19U
The reservation will be known as the
Cascade forest reservation. Hereafter
r.o settlement will be allowed wiihla
its boundariea.
Last etvening the officers ef the First
Regiment Malted in a body upon Colo
nel Herb and Lieutenant-Colonel
Summers at their residencea and re
Quested them to reconsider their deci
aiona to resign. Both officers were
much moved by the earnestness of
their subordinates and promised to re
consider the mailer.
Fishermen are having fine sport out
at the Sandy now catching Fall trout
and young salmon. The salmon weigh
from three to aix pounda and look like
young Chinook, but the flesh is nearly
white. Salmon roe Is used for bait.
Governor Pennoycr. on request of
Irving M. Scott- manager of the Union
Iron Works. San Francisco, where the
great battleship Or.-gon ia being built,
has appointed Miss Daisy Ainsworlh.
daughter of Captain J. C. Ains worth, to
break the bottle of champagne on the
bow of the big ship. -Mayor Mason ex
pects at the next meeting of the coun
cil a young lady will be selected to
press the button.
How to Ward Off Iaflarasa.
PORTLAND. Oct. 2. (To the Editor:)
Anent your timely article regarding
infiuenxa, a few simple suggestions
are here given to guard against in
fluenza: Cut out all kinda of meat, for the
time being at any rate, substituting
equally nutritious food uch as cheese.
Lai fruit of all kinds ad lib. (Fruit
of all kinds is extremely plentiful and
cheap rijfht here in Oregon).
Drink boiled milk: eat vegetables,
potatoes, tomatoes, etc
Take an hour's sharp walk daily, and
if you pers-pire freely, rub down with
rough towel and change damp undcr
clot hrs.
Take If possible, a bath daily, cold
or warm, according to preference. Rub
down with rough towel. Don't take a
hath wticn sweatinit or heated through
by walklna or other causes.
"tar extra under and overclothes
when there Is a drop In thermometer:
also extra bed coverings at night.
Avoid crowded meetings.
These are a few common sense sug
gestions to which I would add: Take
the old-fashioned basin of porrtdce
and milk for breakfast and supper In-
;ea or so much tea and coffee.
I e of Aatoa o Srjaday.
BRIDAL VKIL. Or., Oct. 1. (To the
Kd.tor: Will you please let me know
ncht away if the ruiea governing
Sunday automobile riding prohibit a
person from using their car on Sunday,
for carrying thein to divine eervlces?
We have been using ours on Sunday
10 take us to and from church anil
Sunday achool and once in a while
drive in to Portland on Sunday for
tame. We live too far away for the
smaller ones to walk.
Up to the present, there has been no
request by the Government that motor
ists living west of the Mississippi river
refrain from driving on Sunday. The
gasless Sunday" regulations apply only
to that part of the country east of the
Mississippi river.
Kntllnkniaa la rtraft.
POr.TT-AXP, Oct. 2. To the Editor )
til Kindly print how the selective
service laws would affect a man classed
as a Briti.-h subject, but who does not
know in what country he was born and
who has a wife and three t-mall chil
dren dependent on htm. Is 37 yars and
enaaged in a useful occupation. i
Alio if li'.crvcs in the American Army
does he receive the same pay as an
American soldier and is he allowed to
take out insurance?
1. Upon an acceptable showing of the
conditions stated he would be placed in
Class 4. by the terms of the American
draft regulations.
2. Yes.
KSaeatlonal Foaadatina fer Filers.
PORTLAND. Oct. 2. (To the Editor:)
Please tell me where I could find
out what schooling a person would
have to have before he could get into
the service as an aviator or filer, and
if he could study at home, or could
you tell me?
To become a flier a man must have
had a high school or preparatory
school education. The needed technical
education in addition to the foregoing
cannot be acquired at home. In the
aviation branches, however, are en
listed men who are not fliers.
Woman Clerka la Fraace.
SEASIDE. Or, Oct. 1. (To. the Edi
tor.) I have read that 6000 college
girls and women are needed as clerks
behind the lines in France. How can I
find out in detail about thia? Where
sball I apply for admittance to this
service? RUTH MIN1ER.
We know of no announcement further
than that contained in a dispatch from
Paris stating that Miss Elsie Gunther
had left for America to recruit woman
clerks. Probably the details will be
made known when ready.
Trealmeat fop Fit.
JEFFERSON, Or, Oct. 1. (To the
Editor.) Will you kindly advise me
the name of some reliable doctor who
is specialized on epileptic fits.
Any diagnostician or any good In
ternal medicine man.
Jobs laa rnace Camp.
MONROE. Or, Oct. 1. (To the Edi
tor ) To whom do I apply for a Job la
the sprues camps. A SUBSCRIBER.
United Etates Employment Berries.
47 Davis street. Portland.