Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, September 10, 1918, Image 1

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VOL. I. VI II. NO. 18,033.
Old Trenches Are Won in
' Four-Mile Advance.
Germar Troops Thrust Out o
Gouzeaucourt Wood, Field
. Marshal Haig Reports.
Vermand and Vandelles, Upon
Road, to St. Quentin, Fall
Into English Hands.
FRANCE, Sept. 9. (By The Asso
ciated Press.) British forces have ad'
Tanced to the east of Roisel, about
seven miles east of Peronne and Roisel
now is under a heary fire from the
German long range guns.
The enemy is reported to be tear
ing Heudecourt, southwest of Gou
zeaucourt, in response to continuous
The crowded enemy trenches at
Oppy, east of Arras are being heavily
gassed. Fires continue to burn at
some, places and within the last few
hours fires have been observed in
LONDON, Sept. 9. The British
in an advance over a four-mile, front
between the Havrincourt wood and
Feiziere have captured all the Ger
man positions on the high ground be
tween these two points and won their
old trench positions overlooking Gou
'seancourt, according; to the official
communication from Field Marshal
Haig tonight. The Gouzeaucourt
wood also is in British hands.
The text follows:
This morning advanced . detach
. merits of English and New Zealanders
" attacked and carried the German po
sitions on the high ground between
Peiziere and the Havrincourt wood.
After" sharp fighting, in the course
of which heavy counter attacks were
repulsed with losses, we gained the
old British trench line on the ridge
overlooking Gouzeaucourt and cap
tured Gouzeaucourt wood.
"On the left of our attack other
English troops successfully advanced
our line in the eastern portion of the
Havrincourt wood. We captured a
number of prisoners in these opera
"On the remainder of the British
front there was fighting on certain
sectors. Hostile attacks against posts
we recently established west ot La
Bassee were repulsed.
"Rain, fell heavily last night and
again today. The weather continues
FRANCE, Sept. 9. (Renter's). The
British have carried the Gouzeaucourt,
wood which lies about three and one
half miles north of Epehy. This is a
vantage point of substantial value to
Field Marshal Haig's men.
Pushing ahead today on the front
between Peronne and St. Quentin
British patrols occupied the towns of
Vermand, five and one-half miles
northwest of St. Quentin, and Ven
delles, two miles north of Vermand.
The advance on the St. Quentin
front progressed in spite of the prev
alence of heavy rain, over ground
deep in mud. A fresh German divi
sion has arrived in this sector and
the enemy resistance as the rear
guard movement goes on seems likely
to be stiffened somewhat before the
Hindenburg line is finally reached.
Heavy artillery duels Were reported
today at many places along the line.
The thrust launched by the British
just to the north of the Arras-Cam-
brai road seems Ho have made some
progress, according to reports early
In Flanders the British have gained
another 1500 yards to the west of
Wytschaete and from reliable sources
it is learned that the Germans have
removed virtually all their artillery
to the east of the river Lys to cover
the lines they held prior to their
April offensive.
West of the Lys the Germans had
left only old or captured guns which
they had planned to destroy or aban
don when the time came.
American and British Prisoners
Prodded With Bayonets and'
Hit With Rifle Butts.
LONDON, Sept 9. (British Wireless
Service.) The. brutal treatment of pris
oners of war by the Germans is de
scribed . by wounded British prisoners
repatriated from Germany who arrived
at The Hague. All prisoners are badly
treated and all are on virtually starva
tion rations. The prison camps at Sol-
tau and Crossen, in Prussia, are report
ed to be in particularly evil condition.
Some of the British prisoners came
from Stralkowo. in the province, of
Posen, where about 300 British are con
fined. Three weeks ago to Americans
arrived there.
At the camp at Crossen, In Brandenburg-,
prisoners working- behind the
the German lines were given little
food. - Many of these men suffered
from dropsy and neurasthenia and nu
merous deaths occurred. At one time
there were in this camp 140 British
prisoners, captured in April, and 10
Americans, captured in May. They are
compelled to work on the railways,
carrying- heavy rails and pushing
trucks for 12 hours at a stretch. Their
food consisted of German soup and one'
slice of bread. If they failed to set
up in the morning- when the Germans
called them to work they were prodded
with bayonets and hit with rifle butts.
It is declared that one man so treated
was found dead next morning.
Most of these men arrived at the
Crossen camp on August 24 in an ex
tremely serious condition. They were
inspected after a few days and about
10 of them were marked out' for work
again. They had been working behind
the German lines from April until the
latter part of August.
Hlllsboro Boy Severely Injured In
Action o nAugust S.
HILLSBORO. Or., Sept 9. (Special.)
Edwin Bartlet, whose name appears
in the casualty list as severely wound
ed, is a son of Mrs. W. H. Jaster. living
two miles north of Hlllsboro. He en
listed in Company B, Third Oregon,
March 28, 1917, and was but 17 years
old at that time.
His last letter to hla mother was
dated May 27, in which he said he had
been at the front for two months.
Mrs. Jaster has been notified that her
son was wounded in action August 3.
Bartlet had Juet completed the
course In the grade school when war
was declared and enlisted when the
High School, almost in a body, joined
Company B.
Trotzky, Kameneff and
Sverdloof Supreme.
War Minister's Brother-in
Law Acting Premier.
Montana Council of Defense Acts as
to Registration Day.
HELENA, Mont.. Sept 9. Montana
Council of Defense made an order to
day authorizing county councils of de
fense to order saloons closed In their
counties on Thursday, registration day.
if they deemed it expedient to do so.
Publishers and editors of the Butte
Bulletin appeared before the State
Council today in answer to subpenas is
sued in connection with an order of
the council forbidding the changing of
weekly into dally papers, the Bulletin
publishers, it being alleged, having vio
lated the order. The subject Is to be
taken up at a meeting to be held to
ight s
Anti-Hebrew Outbreaks Believed to
Be Possibility Following Tern
porary Absence From Of
fice of Gentile Leader.
PETKOGRAD, Sept 1. (By the Asso.
elated Press.) Premier .Lenine's re-
moval from the head of the Bolshevik
government at a time when it is in
such a precarious state, threatens to
shorten its existence.
The Premier's bullet wounds, inflict
ed by Dora Kaplan, a Social RevolU'
slonary, are so serious will be
many weeks before he can. return to
his desk. If he recovers.
Kameneff Acting Premier.
. In the meantime Leo Kameneff, vice
president of the workmen's and soldiers'
delegates, has been appointed to act in
Lenlne's place.
This appointment undoubtedly will
revive the anti-Semitic agitation against
ine soviet government wmcn nas Deen
held check somewhat by having a
Gentile Premier.
Kameneff is a brother-in-law of War
Minister Trotzky, being a brother of
Mrs. Trotzky.
Three Big Offices Held.
With Kameneff In the Premiership,
with Trotzky holding the portfolios of
war and navy and with Sverdloff as
head of the central executive commit
tee, the three important offices of the
soviet government are occupied by
STOCKHOLM, Sept. . (By the As
sociated Press). Bolshevik Russia is
suffering- the consequences . of class
Hatred In its most violent expression.
Human life has lost all value and for
eigners and Russians alike are at the
mercy of officials who kill without
Hostages Fill Prisons.
Such were the conditions when The
Associated Press correspondent at Mos
cow left Russia recently and traveled
hence with the party of American refu
gees. -
Threatened by the victorious Czechs
on the Volga, the entente movements
from Archangel and Siberia and general
Internal risings, the Bolshevik leaders
are madly prodding their suspected op
ponents and filling the prison with
In the Bolshevik official bulletins
the acts of the Bolshevik authorities
are described as war measures neces
sary to protect the Soviet Republic
To an unbiased foreigner who has
Promise Is for Easier Figure for
Domestic Consumers, Gov
ernment and Allies.
WASHINGTON, Sept 9. Fuel Ad
mlnistrator Garfield announced today
that he expects soon to fix a price for
gasoline for domestic consumers
well as the Government and the allies
at a figure lower than tne present mar
ket price. He Is awaiting further re
ports on the situation" before taking
definite action.
No intimation was made as to what
the fixed price will be. Dr. Garfield's
announcement disclosed that for some
time consideration had been given the
problem of bringing the price of gaso
line to a lower level. Several reports
already have been made to Mark L.
Requa, director of the oil division of
the fuel administration, and it was in
timated that upon completion of the
investigation now being conducted im
mediate action would be taken.
The Senate today adopted a resolu
tion offered by Senator Lodge, of Mas
sachusetts, asking the administration
lor Information as to the country's
production, consumption and exporta
tion of gasoline, with separate figures
on the amount used by passenger cars.
Abandonment of Transcontinental
Speaking Tour Announced.
WASHINGTON, Sept 9. Definite
abandonment of President Wilson s
plans for a transcontinental speaking
tour for the Fourth liberty loan was
announced today at the White House.
The original programme was for a
swing around the country that would
include the Pacific Coast
The President had entered into the
plans with enthusiasm, but later agreed
with his advisers that aside from the
question of straining his health by such
a long and trying journey, an absence
of nearly a month from Washington at
this time should not be considered.
Die Wacht Am Rhein" No longer
Tolerated in Chicago.
CHICAGO, Sept 9. "Die Wacht Am
Rhein," found in certain singing books
used In the public schools, was sum
marily suppressed today, when school
officials stopped the sale to pupils of
the songbook containing it, and ordered
the elimination of the song from the
books already in use.
Superintendent Peter Mortenson de
clared that the song had not been sung
In the schools for years. - -;
Profiteering in Rents
Not Allowed
Homes for Shipyard Workers
Are Urgently Needed.
Chamber of Commerce Pledged by
President ' CorbeU to Conduct
Campaign to Arouse Financial
Interests to Investment.
Two thousand four and five-room cot
tages are to be built in Portland for
the accommodation of men working in
the shipyards. The buildings will be
started before January 1, 1919, and there
will be no profiteering through the
charge of excessive rentals.
Such was the guarantee given yes
terday afternoon by Mayor Baker to
A. Merrltt Taylor, director of trans-
portation and housing for the Emer
gency Fleet Corporation.
President H. L. Corbett of the Cham
ber of Commerce, guaranteed to Mayor
Baker that his organization would take
complete control of a campaign de
signed to bring Portland people face to
face with the urgent need for more
houses, and pledged that body to see
that 2000 cottages, which can be rented
at a nominal figure, will be added to
the city.
Home Material Given Priority.
And in return for Mayor Baker's
guarantee, Mr. Taylor and local officials
of the Emergency Fleet Corporation
consented to give material priority for
homes erected for shipbuilders? while
President Sleeman, of the Carpenters'
Union, although not guaranteeing labor
priority, expressed the -belief that no
difficulty would be encountered lo se
curing the army of men necessary to
ut Portland on the map as one of the
most patriotic citi s on the Pacific
Unless some prompt action is taken
to afford comfortable living accommo
dations for the men and their families,
Mr. Taylor hinted the Government
might curtail the expansion of war In- I
dustries which are destined to bring
thousands of additional men into the
AIR MAIL CARRIER HALTS com,Tni,ty:. ln re?.ly to :
LUftl 11 U UUV61111UCI11 HIU UilU
Flight From Chicago to . New York
Nearly Finished.
Residents of California City Pay
Cents a Gallon; Shortage in
' Contra Costa County Acute.
Oil tankers delivering oil to Llnnton
are being cleaned carefuljy and loaded
with Bull Run water for consumption
in Oakland and other California points,
according to James H. Robinson, of the
County Assessor's office, who has re
turned from a two weeks' stay In Oak
Officials of the various oil companies
in Portland said yesterday that they
had not received any instructions, to
ship water to California, but that occa
sionally this was done without specific
orders to resident managers.
"The water shortage in Contra Cost
County has become so acute that hero!
measures are being adopted to meet
the situation." said Mr. Robinson. "All
oil tankers have been ordered to clean
tanks after unloading' at Columbia
River ports and to return with fresh
mountain water. The greatest amount
of oil consumed in Oregon is delivered
to Llnnton."
In Oakland a private water concern
supplies the city. Residents are buy
lng water In five-gallon glass jars from
the grocery stores, paying 8 cents
gallon, according to Mr. Robinson. Th
water company has restricted each
family to 15 gallons of water a day for
all purposes. No sprinkling of lawns
or war gardens is permitted.
School children of Oakland have been
Instructed to carry boiled water in bot
tles to school with them, and all water
used must be boiled.
Mark of 10 Seconds Is Set at Aber
deen Molorship Yard.
ABERDEEN, Wash., Sept 9. (Spe
ciaL) The National wooden ship keel-
laying record was broken this morn
ing at the Grays Harbor Motorshlp
Corporation yard, 10 seconds beins the
official time. The previous best time
for placing a wooden keel was 11 sec
onds. The record was made in the ship
upon which an attempt is to be made to
beat the National wooden ship-launch
ing record.
Concluded on Page 2, Column 1.)
NEW YORK, Sept 9. Max Miller,
the aviator flying with mail between
Chicago and New Tork, reached Lock
haven, Pa., at 4:50 P. M., according to
a telegram received by the Aero Club
of America late this afternoon. Miller
is expected to land at Belmont Park
about 7:30 P. M.
Miller left Chicago on his return trip
to New Tork at 6 A. AL today.
been given Seattle,- where 5000 homes
had been pledged;, that Oakland had
succeeded in handling Its own situation
and that San Francisco, San Pedro and
other points were solving the problem
without financial aid from the Govern
ment '
In Tacoma, Mr. Taylor explained
there had been an appropriation be
cause of the unusual congestion due
to the close proximity of Camp Lewis,
and at Bay Point another appropria
tion for houses had been made, as there
(Concluded on Pase 10, Column 1.)
Army, Navy, Marine Corps Require-j !
menta 260,000,000 Pounds.
WASHINGTON, Sept 9. For the
Army, Navy and Marine Corps, the Gov
ernment for the year ending June 30
next will require 266,000,000 pounds of
scoured wool, all of which Is available, 1
Brigadier-General Wood, acting Quar
termaster-General, said today.
For semi-Government needs, 17,500,-
000 pounds additional will be required.
and to meet this extraordinary demand I
some of the product will be Imported
from Argentina and Australia.
LONDON. Sept. 9. An Incident
, iCoacludcd oa Fas 3. Column 4..
Letter to President Disapproving
Palestine State Not Official.
NEW TORK, Sept 9. Rabbi Ephrlam
Frisch announced today that the tele- I
gram which he sent to President W11-!
son on September 5 expressing dlsap- J
proval of the plan to establish a Jewish
state In Palestine was a personal com
munication from him and the state
ment that it was sent by "the rabbi's
national committee" was erroneous. .
Company to Devote Entire Facilities I
to Government Work.
DETROIT, Sept 9. Production of
motor cars by the Ford Motor Company I
has been suspended entirely, it was of
ficially announced at the plant here I
The move will enable the company to
devote its entire facilities to Govern-1
ment work, the announcement said.
Turkey Borrows From Germany.
AMSTERDAM. Sept 9. The Turkish
Minister of Finance has announced that I
Turkey has concluded a fresh loan from
the German; government for 45,000,000
Turkish pounds, the Berlin Vosslscne
Zeitung states. - -
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Cantonment to Be Constructed for
ISO, 000 Philippine Guardsmen
MANILA, P. I, Sept 9. Brigadier-
General Henry A. Greene, commander
of the Department of the Philippines,
United States Army, has picked Para
naque, six miles- from here, as the site
for thb cantonment of 150,000 Philip
pine guardsmen, who will be subject to
call November 1.
The call will follow the conclusion
of the student officers' school now In
progress here.
House Committee Returns From Eu
rope Enthusiastic.
WASHINGTON, Sept 9. Representa
tlve. Padget, of Tennessee, chairman,
and sven other members of the House
naval affairs committee, returned today
from Europe, enthusiastic over the
work of the American Navy in the war
Representative Wilson, of Texas, re
mained abroad for further observations
' - The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 71
degres; minimum, as oegrees.
TODAY'S Fair; gentle northwesterly winds.
U-boats mass for drive on transports. Pag 4.
Official casualty list. Page 4.
British continue gains. Page 1.
French gain. Page 1.
Yankees go ahead. Page 1.
Mac Rae gives pen picture of American
Army life In France. Page 3.
Rains delay British. Page 6.
Foch's strategy to be put to test. Page 6.
Huns maltreat American and British pris
oners. Page X.
BolsheTiW pass to control of Semitic ele
ment. Page .J-
Enemy starts new peace drive. Page 2.
Draft boards to decide in matter of necessary
Industries, fage &.
Coin yield cut. Page 3.
Lower price on gasoline promised by fuel
administrator. .Page l.
Wilson and Creel attacked in House debate.
Page 2.
House adopts dry zone resolution. Pag 5.
Debs on trial for sedition at Cleveland.
Page 7.
Republicans win In Maine. Page 4.
Directum J. wins 2:06 pace In fast time
Grand Circuit track. Page 12.
Red Sox take their third game of series from
- Cubs. Page 12.
Gridiron teams this year to come from ship
yards. Page 12.
Commercial and Marine.
Advance In sugar prices greatest recorded
in Coast trade. Page 17.
Corn advances sharply at Chicago on fear
of frost damage, .rage t.
Portland hog market higher with light re
ceipts, page 17.
Walkout of 6000 boilermakers Saturday aft
ernoon is subject of investigation. Page 13.
Portland and Vicinity.
Speeders enrich city f 467.50. Page 9.
J. H. Lynch, liberty loan worker, to train for
war work, page iu.
President Campbell, of University of Oregon.
talks of Student' Army training tjorps.
Page 5.
Two thousand cottages to be built for ship
yard workers. Page l.
Oakland resident to drink Bull Run water.
Page L
City prepares for fourth liberty loan cam
paign. Page l.
Millers uneasy over Government's delay in
buying flour. Page is.
Interest in liberty loan campaign is keen.
Page 10.'
Two-platoon system becomes effective today.
Pag T.
Poems tablets on which history Is written
to live In the hearts of men. Page 6.
Weather report, data and forecast. Pago IX
'on m us
LaFere and St. Quentin
Under Foch's Guns.
Germans Prepare to Oppose
Desperate Resistance to
Stop Allied Advance.
Hurried Strengthening of De
fenses Around Laon Un-
der Way by Ludendorff. .
LONDON, Sept. 9. (1 P. M.)
French troops now hold the Crozat
Canal practically along its whole
length. They are only four miles from
St. Quentin and their cavalry patrols
are close to La Fere.
PARIS, Sept 9. (Havas Agency.)
With the allies immediately before
or approaching the Hindenburg line,
the enemy is beginning to react more
violently with his artillery. Neverthe
less the French are pushing ahead in
the region where the line has not yet
been attained and, according to the
latest information, were a little more
than five miles from St. Quentin,
their guns following the infantry up
St. Quentin to Be Defended. '
The Germans evidently intend to de
fend St. Quentin energetically and are
fighting in the approaches to the town
besides regrouping their forces and
concentrating . numerous divisions in
its plaint The capture of the place,
however, is declared by the commen
tators to be the . intention of the
French command.
The Germans are likewise hurriedly
strengthening their defense around
Laon. according: to La Llberte. In the
region of Chavlgny the Germans are
reported Installing: thick barbed wire.
digging deep trenches and accumulat
ing munitions of all sorts, as if tor a
lengthy defense. In the great under
ground storage places of the Nanteuil
plateau. .
Heavy Batteries Concentrated.
The entire region north of the Ailette
from the vicinity of the Laon-Soissons
railway is a mass of guns, which the
enemy has emplaced, the reports de
clare, while north of Craonne numerous
batteries of 150 and 170 millimeter
pieces are concentrated.
On virtually the entire rront from
east of Arras to the west of Rheims
the German artillery, the Intransigant
commentator declares. Is poundinir
away as it nas not done tor
several weeks. Nevertheless, he Insists
that the general situation remains ex
cellent for the allies, although more
desperate resistance by the enemy must
be expected. .
Armentleres' Fall Near.
On the. British front the advance, it
s pointed out, has entirely freed Amiens
from gunfire, the only attacks on this
base line being by airplanes. The
bases at Arras and Hazebrouck, how
ever, are still under long range gun
fire. - Advices received here indicate
that the region around the railway at
Lens is occupied by the British. The
advices predict that the fall of Armen
tieres may be expected soon.
If -the Germans are expecting to be
allowed a respite from the attack
either during the Autumn or through,
the Winter, they, are counting without
their host, says Premier Clemenceau's
newspaper, . L'Homme Libre, in com
menting on the military situation.
They made their great trial last
Spring to outspeed the United States,
it points out. but lost the race to a
competitor who was too fast for them.
Battle May Subside.
Nevertheless, the newspaper expects
a certain slowing up of the fighting be
cause of the necessity of bringing for
ward the necessary Infantry support
in front of the new positions the Ger
mans are occupying and which they
are expected to defend stubbornly.
The re-grouping of the allied forces
will not be delayed. l'Homme Libre
predicts, as the movement of the troops
(Concluded on Pass 2. Colunyi 2.)
"The Fighting Fleets," the com
plete and authorized story of our
Navy's splendid achievements in
the present war, written by Ralph
D. Paine, who reported the naval
battles of the Spanish-American
War, will begin in serial form in
The Oregonian of Sunday, Sep
tember 15.
Mr. Paine spent five months
with the allied naval forces in
European waters, cruising in de
stroyers, submarines, trawlers,
seaplanes and battleships, and he
describes his unique experiences
In a vivid way. He saw subma
rines in action and saw subma
rines destroyed.
This complete and authentic
story of how the U. 8.. Navy has
helped scotch the Hun U-boats
and raiders will bring a thrill to
every American. The author ts
known as the greatest naval re
porter In the world.
17 f no