Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, July 18, 1918, Image 1

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VOL. 1WIII. NO. 17,987.
Entire Champagne Front
Remains Intact. -
Foe Advances One and a Half
Miles at Rheims Mountain
i for Day's Sole Gain.
Enemy Attempts Strong Push
Toward Epernay, but Fails
to Make Progress.
PARIS, July 17. The French po
sitions remain intact along the whole
Champagne front, according to the
war office announcement tonight.
Heavy fighting continued throughout
the day, and at some points the Ger
mans were able to make gains, but
they met with powerful resistance
The text of the statement reads:
"The battle continued today with
stubbornness along the whole front.
West of Rheims, despite his efforts,
the enemy was not able ta make fur
ther advance. Our troops by their
heroic resistance and incessant coun
ter attacks checked, with alternative
advance and recoil, the thrust of the
Actions Are Intense. '
"South of the Marne the fighting
proceeded on the wooded slopes
north of St. Agnan and Lachapelle
Monthodon. Very spirited actions
north of Comblizy and Festigny en
abled us to hold the enemy on the
southern outskirts of Bouquigny and
Chataignieres. East of Oeuilly the
Germans succeeded in regaining a
footing in Montvoisin.
"Between the Marne and Rheims
the battle continued north of Reuil
and in the Bois du Roi, which the
Germans penetrated and which our
troops defended foot by foot.
"The forest of Courteon likewise
was the theater of violent engage
ments. The enemy holds the lines
west of Nanteuil La Fosse.
"Pourcy, the objective of powerful
attacks, several times renewed, could
not be reached by the Germans. A
brilliant counter attack by the allied
troops west of this village drove back
the enemy into the Arde Valley. Nu
merous enemy dead before our lines
testify to the heavy losses suffered
by our adversaries.
Attack Is Crushed.
"The situation is without change in
the sector of Vrigny and southwest
of Rheims.
"East of Rheims we broke up arc
attack between Beaumont-Sur-Veslese
and Sillery. Our positions remain in
tact along the whole Champagne
LONDOIT, July 17. Dispatches ar
riving in London this evening say that
at only one point did the Germans
succeed in advancing today and then
at enormous .osts.
Small Gain Is Made.
The dispatches assert that at 11
o'clock this morning, after two un
successful attempts, the Germans, on
a front of six miles, pushed into the
French line:; to a depth of one and
one-half mile at its deepest point, at
Rheims mountain.
A semi-official report from Paris
reads :
Wftiie tne enemy losses were
frightful, ours were quite light, espe
cially east of Rheims. Whereas dur
ing the previous offensive we had to
send for reinforcements from other
parts of the front, this time those on
tha spot sufficed to sustain the shock.
Americans' Arrival Helps.
"This is partly due to the constant
arrival of Americans, which reduces
the unequal proportion of the forces.
FRANCE, July 17. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) Desperate fighting of
a local character marked the battle
this morning along the front of the
German attack.
After a furious battle which con
tinues at this hour (noon), the Ger
mans occupied the Bourbonnerie farm
near St. Agnan, which Franco-
(Continued on Pass 2, Column 3.)
Progress of the War.
(Br the Associated Press.)
ALTHOUGH the Germans are still
attacking the allied line viciously
on both sides of the Rheims salient,
what Rains they are making; continue
to be small ones, on Isolated sectors,
and seemingly are confined to the re
gion along the Mama and Immediately
southwest of Rheims.
Eastward from the cathedral city
through Champagne the French report
they are holding the enemy and Keep
ing their line intact.
Everywhere the battles are being
stubbornly contested, arid where the
French and Italians have been com
pelled to give ground it has been only
after the infliction of extremely heavy
casualties on the invaders. The Amer
icans nowhere have been forced to
withdraw. At Foasoy, near the bend
of the Marne between Chateau Thierry
and Dormans, they have made further
Improvements in their positions. Like
their French comrades, the Americans
also have been engaged In violent
It becomes Increasingly apparent
that the German command is attempt
ing the blotting out of the Rheims
salient and the straightening of the
line eastward through Champagne to
ward "Verdun. The hardest fighting of
Tuesday was southwest of Rheims.
where the , enemy is endeavoring to
break through the hill and forest
region, reach the railroad running from
Rheims to Epernay and force the
evacuation of Rheims.
In the endeavors, tne German War
Office asserts the Germans have driven
back the allied troops on the mountain
of Rheims between Mantenal and north
of Pourcy, the last-named place being
about five miles distant from the
Rhelms-Epernay Railroad. The French
official communication admits that the
Germans hold the line west of Nan-
teuil-La Fosse, about a mile and
half south of Pourcy. and relatively
five miles west of the railroad.
The German War Office is now
claiming the capture of 18,000 prison
ers since the present offensive began.
It is reported that French reserves
ave entered the fighting line along
the Marne and that to the north of
La Chapelle-Monthodon they have re
captured lost territory. The Germans,
as was expected, nave brought up
resh forces in an endeavor to push
forward their project in this region.
On the British front in Northern
France and Flanders the Germans are
keeping up violent bombardmtnts of
various sectors.
Nowhere, however, has the German
command seen fit as yet to start an
miantry engagement, if one Is con
templated, f
In Albania the .French and Italian
troops continue to make progress
against the . Austrians and . in the
Italian sector, up In the mountains, re
peated Austrian attacks have been
repulsed by the Italians.
Late Harvard Professor Said to Have
Headed Propaganda.
NEW TORK, July 17. The declara
tion that fully $90,000,000 of an aggre
gate sale of $100,000,000 German war
bonds In this country early in the war
went Into a "corruption" fund, man
aged by Teuton agents, was made to
day by Federal officials investigating
German propaganda.
iNot only was control of newspapers
and magazines contemplated, but
pacifist influence in certain colleges
was spread, the investigators said. It
was charged the late Dr. Hugo Mun-
sterberg, of Harvard, and Otto Merkel,
arrested last year, were the directing
Measure to Give Police Salary In-1
crease After 6 Months Favored.
Mayor Baker has asked City Attorney
LaRoche to prepare an amendment to
the present ordinance covering the in
crease of salaries for members of the
Police Bureau. The amendment will
be for the purpose of readjusting the
time when the increases for new men
go into effect.
When new men were recruited for
the police department they were told
that the first increase in salary would
be given at the end of six months.
The present ordinance allows the in
creases only in June and December.
Princvllle Dam Builders, Leaving
Jobs, Turn Down Farmers.
REDMOND, Or., July 17. (Special.)
Farmers in this vicinity are having
difficulty in obtaining help in their
hayflelds. Practically every boy over
11 years of age is out on the ranches I
doing the work men usually do. The
merchants are aiding by sending a parti
of their force to the country each day.
and County Agriculturist R. A. Ward
Is busily engaged In seeking and locat
ing all available laborers.
Men leaving the Twohy Bros.' dam
project near Prineville take the train
here dally for Portland, but all refuse
work in the harvest fields.
Use of Eggs and Poultry Instead ofl
Meat New Propoganda.
CHICAGO, July 17. The importance
of the "little brown hen" in winning
the war was urged by the National
War Emergency Poultry Federation.
which was organized today, with the I
slogan Equip the hen to fight the!
Legislation will be asked providing
for conservation of poultry and poul
try products, and a Nation-wide propa
ganda will be Inaugurated to urge the
use of eggs and poultry instead of
Youngest Son of Colo
nel Boche Victim.
Lieutenant Shot Down Ten
Miles Inside German Lines.
Ex-President and Mrs. Roosevelt
Express Pride in Gallant Manner
In Which Son Died and That He
Could Serve His Country.
PARIS, July 17. Lieutenant Quentln
Roosevelt, youngest son of ex-Presi
dfn Roosevelt, ha, bee killed In an
air fight, the semi-official Havas News
Agency announces. His machine fell
into the enemy lines, but apparently
was not in flames when it fell.
Philip Roosevelt. Quentin's cousin.
witnessed the air battle in the vicinity
of Chateau Thierry, In which Quentln
was engaged and saw the machine fall,
but did not know until later that the
airplane was that of his cousin, Le
Journal says today.
Two Hans Attack QmbIIi.
Lieutenant Roosevelt was last seen
in combat on Sunday morning with two
enemy airplanes about 10 miles Inside
the German lines in the Chateau Thler
ry sector. He started out with a patrol
of 13 American machines. They encoun
tered seven Germans and were chasing
them back when two of them turned
on Lieutenant Roosevelt.
Reports of the fight state that the
Germans appeared to be shooting at the
Lieutenant from the rear, the three
machines being close together. Then !
one of the machines was seen tumbling
through the clouds and a patrol which
went in search of Lieutenant Roose
velt returned without trace of him. He
appeared to be fighting up to the last
One account of the combat states that
the machine caught fire before It be
gan to falL
Lieutenant Quentln Roosevelt was
first mentioned in connection with air
fighting in France "early this month,
when he and other American air scouts
had about 20 combats with German
'flying circuses," in which at least
seven enemy planes were brought down.
Lieutenant Roosevelt was credited
with his first victory July 9, when he
brought down a German plane at a
height of 6000 yards eight miles inside
the German lines, north of Chateau
Thierry. He saw three planes ap
proaching and thought they were his
own squadron. They attacked and he
fired B0 shots before one of them went
down in a nose spin. The two other
Germans attacked, but Roosevelt es
caped and returned to his field without
scratch on himself or machine.
Lieutenant Roosevelt went over with
the first United States air unit, having
(Continued on Page 2, Column 1.)
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Section Foreman, Following Vision,
Warns Boy Not to Co to River.
Mother of Five Frantic
WALLA WALLA. Wash.. July 17.
(Special.) Harvesting crews and rail
road men spent the day unsuccessfully
dragging Snake River near Page, in an
effort to recover the body of nine-year-old
Paul Fort, son of Albert Fort,
section foreman of the O.-W. R. At N.
The boy was drowned yesterday, and
the father lost his life trying to save
J. F. Chamberlain, of the Coroner's
office, who returned .this morning, ex
pressed the belief that the body would
not be recovered for some time.
The father yesterday cautioned the
boy about going into the river, saying
he had a dream, the night before in
which he saw the boy drowned. Later
in the day the boy went In wading and
disappeared. The father was notified
and hurried to the river, plunging in.
He went under and was saved by his
16-year-old daughter, who dragged him
out. She ran for help and when she re
turned the. father had disappeared. His
body was soon recovered.
The mother and five children are left.
The mother, who is soon to give birth
to another child, 1s frantic with grief
and refuses to make funeral plans or
go to Welser, where the body of her
husband is to be buried. She says she
will not go until the body of the boy
Is recovered.
Winimera, 8 000 Tons, Dealt Lethal
Blow Ofr New Zealand.
VANCOUVER, B. C. July 17. Pas
sengers on a trans-Pacific liner
brought news of the sinking off the
New Zealand coast of the steamship
W 1mm era, a vessel of 8000 tons, with
a loss of 26 lives.
A heavily charged mine placed in the
shipping route between Sydney and
Auckland was responsible for the dis
aster. The lost ship carried a large
crew and about 100 passengers.
Milwaukee Organ Retract and Con
demns Hun Government.
MILWAUKEE. July 17. Germanla
one of the most widely circulated Ger
man language newspapers in America,
yesterday in an editorial ' condemned
the German government in connection
with the origin and conduct of the war.
It retracts previous utterances and
admits that, parrot-like. It had repeated
the utterances of the German govern
ment's . newspaper organs.
American Women Urged to
Endless Chain of Users.
CINCINNATI. Ohio, July 17. Advo
eating a medicine free to all. called
"The Serum of Silence." Ruseell T.
Edwards, of Washington, urged mem
bers of the Women's Association of
Commerce of the United States of
America, in session here, to start an
endless chain of users of this medicine
to offset the poison of German propa
Bitter Battle Is Waged
Near Fossoy.
Americans Force Many Ger
mans to Flee Across River.
After Sound Thrashing Received
From U. S. Troops at Vauz, Foe Is
Quiet Yankee Aviators Fell
5 Planes and 1 Balloon.
THE MAR.-SK, July 17. (By the Asso
ciate Press.) IS P. M.) At the hoar
of flllag this dispatch there have beea bo
ehana-es om sectors of the battle fro at
held by the America troop or those
where they are aa-htlnar with their
The fightlB- eoattnnea sporadically
throughout tke Marae resrloa, and the
artillery aetlvlty is rather heavy all
alona- the llae.
THE MARNE, July 17. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) French observers re
ported today that 13 enemy airplanes
fell in the region over which an Ameri
can pursuit squadron was patrolling
and fighting Tuesday.
Within the American lines it had
been considered sure that the Ameri
cans had downed eight and possibly
nine enemy planes.
THE MARNE. July 17. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) American troops im
proved their positions again today In
the vicinity of Fossoy in the river
bend district.
Giving the Germans no rest, and un
daunted by the heavy rain which fell
over the battle sones between Chateau
Thierry and Dormans, the Yankees
pursued the advantage which they had
wrested from the enemy in the region
of their counter attack yesterday.
German Reerosa Marae.
Many Germans between the railroad
and the south bank of the Marne River
during the night fled to the. north
bank of the river at several points.
The struggle today witnessed slight
fluctuations of the battle line In the
sector southeast of Chateau Thierry,
where the Americans with the French
have been engaged against the Ger
mans. The enemy attacked the Ameri
cans early this morning and gained
some little ground at first, but were
quickly- rushed back beyond their
starting point. The battle at this point
continues violently, with the result of
the entire operation still in doubt.
Van Seetor Koraul.
Conditions were normal today In the
Vaux region, west of Chateau Thierry,
(Continued on Pa ire 2, Column 4.)
Cologne Gazette Assumes That Tom
ahawks and Scalping Knives
Will Soon Appear.
THE HAGUE. July 17. German news
papers received here are raising quite
a pother over a story received in Ger
many from Switzerland that a large
number of American troops have been
supplied with sawed-off shotguns for
close fighting.
The Cologne Gazette, in commenting
on the report, denounces America's bar
bariBin. and assumes that tomahawks
and scalping knives will soon appear on
the American front. The newspapers
warn the German' troops that the
Americans are not "honorable war
riors." The Weser Zeltung says the barbar
ous shotguns have been served out. not
because they are likely to be effective,
but because the ill-trained Americans
cannot use rifles and are badly supplied
with machine guns.
Thermometer Registers 90 Degrees
Here as Against Yakima 106.
Summer prevailed In all Us swelter
ing glory yesterday and at o'clock
last night the high temperature of 90
degrees for the day was reached.
The relative humidity made things
sticky and uncomfortable yesterday.
50 per cent being recorded t the
weather office.
Fair and continued warm is the pre
diction for today.
Portland fared better than other
cities In the Northwest, however, as at
Spokane the thermometer registered
100, at Takima 106 and at La Grande
102 degrees.
The hourly temperatures at Portland
TV in A. M.
7l 11 A. M.
S3 12 M ...
: 1 P. M.
M 1 P. M.
7 S P. M.
l 4 P. M.
4 5 P. M.
S P. M.
. .72
. .74
. .77
. .7
1 A. M.
. .R.I
. .ST
. .80
Food Situation Better but Season of
Anxiety Is Jfot Over.
NX1TON". July 17. Drouth,
early frosts and labor shortage in Eng
land threaten to reduce somewhat pre
vious estimates of food production, ac
cording to cable advices received today
by the Food Administration from the
British food ministry.
Tne rooa situation is aescrioed as
better than last year, tha message said,
but the season of anxiety is not yet
Government Considering Passage of
Conscription Measure.
A PACIFIC PORT. July 17. Twenty
eight men under the command of Ser
geant Thomas Home, comprising the
third volunteer contingent from Fiji,
reached here on a liner today.
Sergeant Home said about 13 per
cent of the total white population of
3500 of Fiji are men of military age.
and that the Fijian government If con
sidering the passage of a conscription
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. SO
decrees; minimum, S4 deffreos.
TODAT'S Fair and continued warm: fentle
northwesterly wtnda.
Allies hold Boche to sMsht salna. Pace 1.
Quentin Roosevelt killed In air fight. Pace 1.
Official casualty Hat. Pace S.
Waahlnston deems battle crisis past. Page 2.
Americans Improve positions on Marne.
Pace 1.
Pan-German dream of eronomlc independ.
ence shattered. fase tt.
Austria's new peace drive made for home
use. Pase 1.
Domett le.
Ex-spy ef Kaiser tells of work la United
States. Fase 3.
Auto Industry faces financial trouble, says
Hugh Chalmers. Pass 2.
Secret of ownership of New York Mail well
kept. Pace 3.
Unification of railroads In Kevada ordered
by McAdoo. pase
State tennis tourney entries in. Pace 14.
Cubs brat Phillies In -I Inninca Pace 14.
Shipbuilders' Leaaue may not add games to
schedule. Pace 14.
Judges are named for diving tournament.
Page 14.
Pacific Northwest.
Evidence Wi that plotters destroyed Eugene
dem. Page 4.
Oregon City Chautaqua attracts. Psaa S.
Father aids drowning son: both die. Page 1.
Commerrlal and Marine.
Efforts being msde to keep potato tuber
moth out of Oregon. Page 19.
Corn weakened at Chicago by better crop
conditions. Psge 19.
Quick sale of Bethlehem note Issue shows
sound Investment conditions. Pare 19.
Timber shipments show marked Increase
over April. Page 1&.
Wooden ship of 6000 tons deelgned. Page 13.
Portland and Vicinity.
Draft call to take 4H men. Page 8.
Twelve hundred file on land. Page 4."
Now street trsfflc plan la up today. Page It.
Watch to be kept to prevent violation of
food-price rules. Page 16.
Council refuses to railroad Kellaher car
service resolution through. Page 13.
New fires reported raging In L'mpqua Na
tional Forest. Page 13.
Monster wsr banquet planned by manage
ment at Oaka Amusement Park. Page 12.
Ad Club to list rooms for G. A. ft. Page a.
Orton and Thomas to remain firm. Page 7.
Trainmen's head returns from Washington.
Page 20.
jjtnf Fyne frolic recalls old dsys. Page 0.
Noted Eastern employers talk on war labor
morale. Page 7.
Italian war fete nets good aum. Page 4-
"Senseless Bloodshed"
Is Denounced.
Attempts at Sowing Discord
in Monarchy Declared
Czecho-Slovak National Council In
America Declares Austro-Hun.
Carlan Minister's Statement
Is Admission of Defeat.
AMSTERDAM, July 17. The AusUo-
Hungarian government reaards the
war as "senseless and purposeless
bloodshed," and believes it might, be
ended when the allies again manifest
feelings of humanity. Baron Burian.
the Austro-Hungarlan Foreign Minis
ter, made this statement in the con
cluding portion of his address to the
Austrian and Hungarian Premiers
Tuesday, according to dispatches from
After declaring that the allies would
not succeed In their purpose of sow
ing discord among nationalities in the
monarchy, the Foreign Minister said:
Allies Declared Blind.
"Insofar as they (the entente) are
not aiming at the acquisition of terri
tory, they are exhausting their
strength and ours In order to build on
the ruins of civilization a new arrange
ment of the world, whereas the ideas
underlying such an arrangement, which
are capable of realization and which
also are warmly approved by us. -might
be realized more easily and
much more completely, by the peace
able co-operation of all peoples.
"In spite of all, we look ever more
hopefully toward the people now at
war with us to see whether at last they
have been delivered from the blindness
which, aftec fearful afflictions in four
years of war, is driving the world ever
into that destruction which they can
avert if they only wllL"
Old Alliances Caskaken.
The Foreign Minister said his con
fidence was based on the war alliances,
particularly the old alliances with Ger
many. He said that Austria and Ger
many would seek means of extending
the alliance so that it will be ade
quate for all requirements.
Premier von Seydler. speaking in tha
lower house of the Austrian Relchsrath
on the situation in Austria-Hungary.
said: "The internal propaganda methods
of our enemies are so absurd that they
only testify to their profound ignorance
of our conditions. These arrows will
rebound sgainst 'our unshakable devo
votion to the dynasty, the loyalty of
our citizens to the state and the firm
Internal cohesion of our state.
Force Still Relied I'pon.
"In unity with our loyal allies we
shall be able to enforce the end of
the world, war.
"Our Intimate community with them,
which we hope to strengthen and ex
tend for the future, especially the old
and well-proved alliance with the Ger
man empire, constitutes for us. as well
as for our allies, the best guarantee
that we shall maintain for all time our
place among the states of the world
and be able to insure for our peoples
conditions of free and beneficent devel
opment." WASHINGTON. July 17. Opinion in
official circles as to the note addressed
by Baron von Burian. the Austro-Hungarlan
foreign minister, to the Austrian
and Hungarian premiers, upon the sub
ject of peace, is that it evidently was
carefully framed with a design to pre
pare the way for peace negotiations
immediately upon the hoped-for suc
cessful conclusion of the present great
German drive against the entente '
Bortsa Talks for Ueranany.
A commentary on Baron von Burlan's
statement Issued today by the Czecho
slovak National Council here, says that
Burian, a Magyar politician, talks in
the name of Germany as much as in the
name of Austria-Hungary and says his
statement is an admission of defeat,
with Austria offering a German peace,
accompanied by Austrian whining.
Regarding Burlan's assertion that
Austria "does mot meddle with the af
fairs of foreign countries." and there
fore "resolutely declines foreign in
terference In any form." the statement
"It must not be forgotten that the
war was started by an attempt on the
oart of Austria to Interfere with the
Internal affairs of a neighboring state,
Serbia, This refutes , Baron Burlan's
statement about non-interference, but
also uncovers another lie that Austria
has been fighting a war of defense.
Austria started this war by her aim to
subdue the Balkans: It was Austria
who declared war of aggression upon
t'aecho-Slavalc Freedom Deaaaad.
"Baron Burian states that if this
war is continued by the entente,
'one-naif of Austria-Hungary nisy per
ish In order to make the other half
happy." Nobody desires that the Ger
mans and Magyars of the monarchy
perish: they are to go perfectly free of
(Continued on Page 2. Co.umn 2.)