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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 17, 1918)
TIIE 3IOKXIXG OREGONIAN, - MONDAY, JUNE 17, 1918.
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rORTXANH. MONDAY, JUNE 17, 1918.
- THE GERMAN POSITION IN THE WEST,
- The strategic results of the German
I. advance to the Marne and of the sub
sequent thrusts against Compiegne and
! Villiers-Cotterets are- more favorable
- to the allies than to the Germans. The
latter aimed to force their way south-west
toward Paris, and probably suc
i.eeeded beyond their hopes, for they
" seem not to have expected to advance
" southward beyond the Vcsle River,
' !but the French, finding themselves
- unable to check the onrush, yielded
territiory in preference to wasting
- men and permitted the enemy to push
,Z on with little resistance to the Marne.
,2 They thus tempted the Germans to go
beyond their objective and to make a
' new salient, which forms a sharp
. " curve at its apex near Chateau
The Germans were then in a posl
T tion where they must widen the sa-
lient westward, both in order to make
themselves secure and to make pro-
press toward Paris. They made a'new
thrust west of Chateau Thierry, but
were stopped and driven back by the
"American marines. Then they made
'- an effort to cut out the French salient
'T which projected into their line in con-
sequence of their advances on Amiens
and the Marne. Full success would
' have given them the high ground
- along the Oise, the railroad center of
Compiegne and the forest around that
". city, but they were held on the west
near Montdidior, were thrown back to
. the north bank of the Matz River
after crossing that stream in the cen-
- ter, and reached only as far as Ribe
. ' court, which is only about one-third
!: of the distance along the Oise between
J Noyon and Compiegne on the east.
" The French voluntarily drew back in
"the triangle formed by the confluence
of the Oise and Aisne rivers, and now
stand north of the Aisne on a line
running from the Oise near Ribecourt
to Fontenoy. In an effort to broaden
the Marne salient at its base and to
win the forest of Villiers-Cotterets, the
Germans then drove southwest of
Soissons, but were stopped at Laver
sines and St. Pierre l'Aigle after a gain
; of only about three miles.
As General March points out, the
1 successive drives of the Germans have
,:; lengthened the allied line sixty-six
- miles and have caused General Foch
Z to draw on his reserves for the pur
' . pose of holding this added distance.
C But the German line is also lengthened
to the same extent, and its jagged
form creates points favorable for allied
V, attack, which must, therefore, be
strongly held. The Germans also
" lengthen their lines of communication
.i across ground which they have raid
waste, and to that extent sacrifice the
advantage of their central position.
- Reminding its readers that gratiflca-
- tion over German losses should not
'I blind them to the losses of the allies,
" the NewfYork Sun estimates the lat
L Jter at -20 to 25 per cent less than
those of the enemy. This disparity,
U taken in conjunction with the steady
inflow of American troops, opens the
question how soon Germany will no
.'longer have a striking force beyond
' that needed to hold her ground, and
" how soon the initiative, with decided
superiority of force, will pass to the
The million Americans who are to
be in France early in July will doubt
Jess more than make good all losses
which the allies have suffered during
this campaign. To offset the heavier
German losses there are the troops
- still in Russia, which are liberally
X. estimated to number a million, but the
T necessity of keeping a large army in
that country to extort supplies from
'rt Its unwilling people and to guard war
material on the way from the coal
-.iron, and oil fields will compel reten
tion of a considerable part of this
number there, especially as the Hostile
temper of the people is rising and as
Russians are joining the Czecho-Slovak
army. According to Andre Cheradamc,
'. In the aggregate the entire force at
the disposal of the central powers ex-
! ceeds that of the principal allies, ex-
' elusive ' of the United States and the
! smaller states like Belgium, Portugal
! and Greece, by only about half a mil-
. lion. This balance is already more
! than offset by the American Army
abroad, and as our troops pour into
) France at the rate of two or three
: Tinnrirprl thousand a month, the bal-
i ance will turn decidedly in favor of
the allies. There is a good prospect
that by the end of 1918 we shall have
in the field two million men, and by
the end of 1919 at least three million.
They will constitute a striking force
J" which Germany can only hope to
match by drawing on new sources.
; These can be found nowhere except
among the conquered people of East
- ern Europe, and the Russians do not
! seem to stay conquered.
The chief object of the. Germans
.' being to divide the British and French
armies, to drive the former back to
' the channel and thus to compel Great
' Britain to base future operations on
. less accessible ports, reached by a less
tsily protected sea route, it behooves
em to make haste to attain it before
a great American Army renders it un
attainable. The first attempt was the
drive on Amiens, and it failed. The
" second wasjbe Flanders drive, and it,
too, failed. These failures seem to
have driven the Kaiser to fall back
on his secondary objective Paris and
the smashing of the French army. He
Jias, fallen short there, too; is left in
ja. weakened strategic position and his
forces are worn down. Driven by the
' k necessity of. feeding his people with
victories, he may try for a third ob-
ective by driving between Rheims and
'Verdun, or may make a new attempt
to smash the British army and reach
the channel ports. As time passes his
chance of, success is shrinking toward
the- vanishing: point with the swelling
of the American flood, yet he may feel
obliged to fritter away weeks in abor
tive efforts to straighten his line and
thus to avert danger to its southwest
ern angle before he dare again turn
attention to his main objective.
Here is a Portland citizen of Ger
man birth who wants a divorce, be
cause, he says, his wife insists on call
ing him by the "immoral and unholy
name of 'Kaiser " and up in Yakima
a woman threatens to divorce the man
she loves because being married to
him makes her technically an enemy
alien, and she is a patriot first and a
wife after that. ...
The husband in the first instance
ought to have his decree, if he proves
his allegations, but the situation of
the wife in the second is more com
plicated. It is not, however, unique.
At the outbroak of the war many
Knglish women, wives of German-born
husbands,' found themselves in the
same dilemma, and where the loyalty
of the man was established family dis
ruptions were avoided.
It seems impossible to frame a law
strong enough to serve its general pur
pose without working hardships in the
cases of individuals.
A SLANDER ON THE ARMT.
There has been no more deadly or
more cruel piece of German propa
ganda than the story told by Captain
Hobson which Private Bevan quoted
at Medford only to denounce it as
false, that "before the soldiers went
over the top they were filled with
booze." He justly pronounced it "a
base libel on a million of my com
rades who were on the western front."
He referred to the British, Canadian
and other colonial soldiers, but the
story has been applied with variations
to American soldiers.
That infamous slander emanates
either from the fevered brain of a
fanatic or from a sneaking servant of
the Kaiser. Whichever its source, its
of wives and mothers with the dreadf3 hesitation in taking this view of
lest they have given their husbands
and sons -not only to the risk of phys
ical death but to the certainty of moral
The truth is, and it cannot be too
often or too emphatically -proclaimed,
that no army ever went to war that
was cleaner morally as well as phys
ically than the American Army. By
the Government at home, the officers,
the Y. M. C. A., the Knights of Co
lumbus and the. Red Cross abroad
every care is taken to safeguard the
moral as well as the physical welfare
of our men. So far as is humanely
possible, they are sent into battle clean
in soul and body, like the Crusader of
old who was shriven before he went
out to fight. To believe that the offi
cers would fill their men with booze
is to believe that they would deliber
ately debauch their own people, for
they, like the enlisted men, are drawn
from the body of the Nation.
DON'T GIVE IP THE WHEAT.
YAMHILL COUNTY, June 15. (To the
Editor.) In your reply to "II. c." yon state
that there is no compulsion upon producers
to do without wheat flour. But how can
we get it when the dealers all refuse to sell
It to us and it is out of the question to
make long journeys to get baker's bread?
All the farmers that I have talked to re
sent the treatment handed them without
I. for one. will refrain- from sowing more
unless we are shown a little more consid
eration and treated the equal of town peo
ple. K. K.
There are other inequalities in war's
exactions. Perhaps our correspondent
has suffered the sad parting with a
son who has been called across the
seas to a fate that cannot be fore
told, while a neighbor has been
blessed only with daughters and still
enjoys the comfort of a united family.
But that is only perhaps. A farmer
who has a son in France is not likely
to think of slacking in wheat produc
tion because he misses the flavor of a
Regulations, voluntary and compul
sory,, are made to rest as fairly as pos
sible upon - all the people, but exact
justice to all is not possible. Wholly
to bar wheat from sale would, under
present conditions, deny some persons
bread of any kind. The manufacture
without some wheat content of a loaf
that must undergo commercial han
dling and the delays of sale has not
been satisfactorily solved. Many per
sons are just as dependent upon the
commercial loaf as the farmer is upon
the oven of his stove.
But we may all sooner or later get
down to a no-wheat basis. But what
of that? Preference for wheat bread
is only a matter of taste. Bread made
from substitutes is just as nutritious
and fully as digestible. To cease
planting wheat because one's location
does not permit - one to please his
palate with wheat bread is a. mighty
small excuse. We ' leave it to the
farmer himself.- Now, isn't it a poor
But let him understand that if it
is a necessity to. the health of himself
or his family that he have wheat flour
her can ge,t it. He needs only see his
county Food Administrator and lay
the sad case before him. There are
also other alternatives. If one will
make a roar about the injustice of
being denied wheat and make it loud
enough in the country store, he is
quite likely to emerge in triumph with
a sack of flour on one shoulder and
a load of "unpopularity on the other.
Or, if that fails, there is the old coffee
mill. Flour is but wheat ground up.
The makeshift will make as good war
bread as the city dweller now gets
from his bakery.
The last suggestion is not recom
mended to the patriotic, but only to
those who threaten to give up produc
tion of wheat. A little non-patriotism
is better than a lot of it.
KIKE INSURANCE AND PREMICMS.
The reduction of fire insurance tales
which is soon to take effect in Port
land is the result of the excellent fire
prevention work done in the last few
years and of the maintenance of an
efficient fire department. It shows the
error of those who take the super
ficial view that, to prevent fires is to
save money for the insurance com
panies. Under the system of regu
lated fire insurance which prevails In.
Oregon, it is to save money for the
insured, and through them to the oc
cupants of buildings.
This act of Commissioner "Wells
and of the Oregon Rating Bureau
places fire insurance in its true light
before the people. It is simply a pool
ing of the fire risk for all property
owners, by which each person pays
annually his share of the loss, as com
puted on the broad basis of averages,
instead of being bankrupted by bear
ing it all when his property burns.
The person who suffers the loss is
reimbursed out 6f the common fund,
and he who escapes is confident that
he will- fare the same way when his
turn comes. Insurance companies are
simply agencies for apportioning the
payments, called -premiums, according
to the risk, for paying the losses and
for investing the accumulated fund,
while state regulation sees that rates
are neither too high nor too low and
are fairly apportioned among various
kinds of property, and that funds are
When we view the subject in this
light it is apparent that the man who
prevents a fire saves himself money,
though his property may be fully In
sured, while the man whose careless
ness causes a fire is burning his own
and his neighbors" money. . The less
fire loss we -have the less insurance
we shall have to pay. Under the sys
tem prevailing in Oregon the rule
OXEABT AND THE SINN FEIN.
Capture of Jeremiah A. O'Lcary Is
not only a fine feat of detective work
which reflects credit on the Govern
ment secret service; it is a forcible
notice to the disloyal that the Gov
ernments' arm is long and strong and
the Government's eyes are myriad.
O'Leary and his friends fondly imag
ined that he could hide safely on a
farm in 'the far Northwest, but he
was tracked every step of the way
thither, was kept under strict watch
until the officers of the law were
ready and then was made prisoner.
O'Leary's case is also notice to all
Irish-Americans that the enemies of
Great Britain are now enemies of the
United States, and will be treated as
such for the duration of the war, and
that those who conspire with Ger
many cannot plead hatred of England
as a valid defense. Keenly as Ameri
cans generally sympathize with the
claim of Ireland to homo rule, they
will withhold their sympathy from
those who seek to advance that claim
by giving aid to the country against
whicn the United States is fighting in
order to injure the country with which
we are allied.
Americans look straight at effects
of any action affecting the war, and
they see that a Finn Fein conspiracy
with Germany helps their enemy and
weakens their ally. They have the
Vjo activities of O'Leary ahd his con
Tederates because they believe that the
majority of the British people are
ready to grant the plea of Ireland for
home rule and because they have no
more sympathy for secession when it
is attempted against the British com
monwealth than they had when it was
attempted against the American com
monwealth; also because they now
realize more clearly than formerly
that the most serious obstacles to
Irish home rule are to be found in
8rRl'CE PRODUCTION IN THE NORTH
WEST. Equal to the achievement of the
Pacific Northwest in building the war
fleet of transports is that of producing
spruce lumber for airplanes. The
necessity, the importance and the
magnitude of this achievement are set
forth in two articles in the June Re
view of Reviews, one by Wilson Comp
ton on "Production of Airplane
Spruce" and the other by Samuel H.
Clay on "The Man Who Heads the
Spruce Drive" Colonel Brice P.
The vital part played by Washing
ton and Oregon in this drive is lucidly
explained. Though 70 per cent of the
spruce in the United States comet
from the Eastern states, it is com
paratively small and can be used only
by lamination. Long pieces can be
obtained only in the Pacific North
west, where there are 18,000,000,000
feet of Sitka spruce, and of this quan
tity 11,000,000,000 are In the two
states named. Only about 4,000,
000,000 feet are reasonably accessible.
But only from 12 to IB per cent pf
each tree is suitable for airplane
stock and though 2000 feet of stock is
required for an airplane, there is rare
ly more than 200 feet in the finished
plane, so that but 1 to 2 per cent
of each tree goes Into aircraft. The
rest chokes the lumber yards with
side lumber, the marketing of .which
is a problem which the Government
is called upon to solve in conjunction
with production of airplanes. Its
ability to do so will grow as the sup
ply of freight cars and ships in
creases. There is no limit to airplane spruce
requirements, for the United States
and its allies can use all that can be
produced, and then they must help
out. with fir and Port Orford cedar
for parts which are not subjected to
severe strain. Mr. Compton under
states what has been done toward
meeting this unlimited demand, for
he says that the production in April
was "much less" than the ten or
twelve million feet estimated to be
possible. Ih fact, the production for
that month was several million more
than 12,000,000 feet, while that for
May was much farther along toward
the 20,000,000 feet which he names as
the eventual achievement expected.
Nor has he a correct conception of
the part played by riving la spruce
production. He says "it has not pro
duced spruce in satisfactory quanti
ties," as though that had been the
expectation, when in fact it was not.
Riving was merely a temporary ex
pedient, adopted as an emergency
measure to get out as much spruce
as possible during the wet season,
when It was impossible to build log
ging roads and railroads necessary
for large-scale logging. He says:
"Fortunately new logging railroads
have meanwhile been constructed," as
though it just happened so, when in
fact that was' an essential part of the
original, well-conceived plan. From
the beginning of his work Colonel
Disque has .advanced steadily from
the temporary expedient of riving to
the big business of logging, and from
reliance on the 224 controlled saw
mills to the great cut-up plant, which
has been the means of saving freight
on 3000 carloads a year.
This achievement would not have
been possible if the labor problem had
not been -solved. The greatest triumph
of Colonel Disque is the supplanting
of the traitorous I. W. W., with its
sabotage and striking, on the job, by
the Loyal Legion, whose guiding
principle is patriotism. By that
means he has transferred lumbering
from a demoralized industry with in
competent, disgruntled and disloyal
workmen into a highly efficient in
dustry, distinguished by magnificent
team work with the one idea of pro
viding means to win the war.
As the war goes on it will become
necessary to go deeper into the for
ests and farther afield in search of
spruce, and to turn more to fir and
cedar for every part of the planes in
which they can be used. The air
plane factories of the United States
are now working up to an output ex
ceeding 30,000 a year. If they should
continue to use 2000 feet of spruce
stock each, and if only 12 to 16 per
cent of the tree can be converted into
stock, the supply of the American
air fleet alone would involve logging
and milling about half a billion feet
a year. We must probably . supply
an equal quantity to our allies, mak
ing the total a billion feet a year.
At that rate the reasonably access
ible spruce in Oregon and Washing
ton would bo logged In four years.
and the millmen would be called on
to find a market for a prodigious
quantity of side lumber In order to
have room to turn around. But the
goal of 20,000,000 feet a month at
which the Spruce Division is aiming
means the building of 10,000 planes a
month and the logging of about 3.-
000,000.000 feet a year, which would
exhaust the accessible stand in six
teen months. It will be desirable for
the Forestry Service to concentrate on
planting spruce for many years in
order to make good the ravages of
Orchardists will be cheered by the
estimates of the United States fteo-
logical Survey that sulphur produc
tion in the United States is increas
ing rapidly and will continue to do
so. There is no practical substitute
for this material in the making of
certain efficient sprays for fruit trees,
and particularly in combating the San
Jose scale. Production in this coun
try In 1917 was about 50 per cent
greater than in 1916, and conditions
point to tho continued development
of sources of sulphur. Our imports
of sulphur in 1917 were less than five
per cent of thoso of 1916, and at the
same time w-e broke all export rec
ords. The Government's estimate of
the value of crude sulphur is shown
by the export figures, 152,831 tons
being set down as worth $3,504,661,
or $22.93 a ton.
The Government now realizes that
the chief cause of traffic congestion
is industrial congestion in one corner
of the country, and it tells industry to
spread out. That would have been
done long ago if wo had distributed
immigrants In the interior instead of
dumping them on the Atlantic Coast,
where their cheap labor was at the
service of manufacturers, and formed
slums and dangerous centers of alien
ism and disloyalty. The best way to
Americanize immigrants is to mix
them with each other and with tho
native population. By scattering in
dustry west and south, the Govern
ment will scatter the foreign-born
now here and tho immigrants who will
come' after the war, and thus will kill
two birds with one stone.
Germany is in hard straits for a
case to prove that the American peo
ple are as ruthless as tho Germans,
when it picks the Prager lynching.
That was the act of a mob, not of the
law, and the law has earnestly sought
out tho perpetrators. German law
murdered Edith Cavell after a mock
ery of a trial, and the millions of
crimes committed by German soldiers
and sailors have been committed by
order of their highest officers, not in
defiance of orders. The Prager case
is no parallel, but only sharpens the
If watcrpower had been developed
a few years ago, production of steel
would have been limited by the sup
ply of coal and of labor to mine it to
the point where there is an actual
shortage in the greatest steel-producing
country in the world. Steel could
have been made by the electric proc
ess, using power generated by a frac
tion of the number of men now em
ployed in producing and transporting
coal. The Pinchot policy of reserving
our natural resources is one of the
worst f6atures of our un preparedness.
Senator Weeks' remark in regard to
naval victories over submarines, that
"when a heroic deed is done, it should
be made public," will be indorsed by
practically everybody. So far the gal
lant performances of the United States
Navy have been leaking out through
syndicate writers several months after
the event. Secretary Daniels has never
been accused of undue modesty about
his deeds, and there is no occa
sion 'for him to practice vicarious
modesty on behalf of the Navy men.
If the Germans suspect that the
hospital ship Comfort carries airmen
and airplanes, let their U-boats come
to the surface and search her. The
United States concedes that privilege,
but the skulking pirates prefer not to
exercise it. In the light of four years'
experience, the Government is taking
too great chances that the ship will
be spurlos versenkt, which Is wasting
hospital facilities for sick and wounded
sailors on an experiment with German
Dutch neutrality wobbles decidedly
when removed from close observation
by the allies. The affair of the Maria
will be remembered when the time
comes for a final settlement with Hol
land. Picking berries is not a picnic di
version, and those who go to the fields
must work, but. they are helping in
a war activity and that counts for
The story of Winslow and Camp
bell's airtight with the boches makes
us more eager for that great air fleet
which will give us many more of the
That wag an unfortunate affair for
the motor cop who ran into alighting
passengers the other night, if the
traffic law is enforced without dis
crimination. Verily, this war shows te man past
45 has not lost his usefulness in the
community, and as it continues he
will more than ever come into his
After seven years in Honolulu the
First Infantry (regulars) is as far as
Camp Lewis on tho way to the front.
It's a case of hope deferred.
The dining-car waiter can do better
with "the bones" than by bootlegging,
costs considered, but the illicit trade
has its fascinations.
Twenty-seven more Rear-Admirals
are needed in the Navy, and there's
the roster of the Astoria regatta to
Contraband liquor is a bad thing to
have In the cellar when the house
All honors to Prineville; first city
in Oregon to have mail carrierettcs.
Interned German officers are not
compelled to work, but they should be.
Keep your eyo today on Ue pachy
derm with the prehensile proboscis.
Are you eating whale meat? There
is more in tho market.
This is. Pioneers' week and the city
A line o Type or Two.
new t the Ltae, I.rt the Quips Fall
Where They Mar.
The Hello GlrL
How doth the busy 'hello girl
Out-buzz the busy bee!
Especially betwixt the hours
Of niun and thuree.
As tho rain falls on the just and
the unjust, so Mr. McAdoo's boost in
railroad rates hits, with beautiful im
partiality, the persons who have to
travel and tho persons who travel mere
ly to kill time. It comes, too, just In
time to catch tho young folks who are
returning from college.
Germany's latest drive appears to
have hooked to the roueh. and the
dermana are not chiefly distinguished
for their recovery shots.
Why the Editor I-ft Town.
(From tho Jackson. Mich., Citizen
Why not create a more immediate
interest, relating to our own stato ana
locality, by having an organization
composed of Daughters of Michigan
Pioneers? livery city should have a
museum for the preservation of relics
and implements of the past.
Russia is setting moro and more anti
German, according to 1'rofessor Ma
saryk. It is not expected, however,
that the Russians will allow their feel
ings to lead them to attack the Teuts.
Sir: There are so many- of these ere
war books now that you should ap
point some one to pre-diceut and pem
micanlze thera. Sample submitted: The
squtntescence of "The Iron Ration," by
Goorgo Abel Schreiner:
In pre-war days the Teuton gorged
Enough to glut a whale;
lie wont from Bad to Wurst, and drank
His Munchener by the pail.
Today he can but seldom bathe;
He has no grub to cook.
The wurst is over, and he wears
A lean and Hun-err look.
"It is entirely possible to defeat the
German army now. whereas In the long
run It will scarcely he possible to pre
vent Mrs. Stokes speaking her mind to
the American public." The New Re
public. All In favor of allowing Mrs. Stokes
to speak her mind in the long run. and
the longer tho better, will manifest It
In the usual manner. The ayes appear
to have. it.
AVondfra of Masiilnr Fiction.
(From Hearst's for June.)
Still in his early forties, handsome
In an extinct sort of way, the curious
pallor of his gaunt gray face always
mado her think, somehow, of a dead
"Help tho stammerer to refrain from
stammering." entreats Krnest Tomp
kins, of Pasadena. "Kncouraco him to
wait until ho is calm or to make signs
or to write." Now, we have always
supposed that tho best way to en
courage him is to invite him to
A Hint to Other t'ommnnitlea. Who I
our Favorite I aeleva 1'ltlsenf
(From Iho Wray, Colo., Rattler.)
While this paper docs not intend
pointing out to the local authorities
all who should bo made o shoulder a
part of the work burden, yet it does
think it wise to suggest a few who
could be put in the harness to good
advantage. Now, there is J. Oliver
Graham, the bald-headed jeweler. ;To
our certain knowledge as well as t.e
knowledge of the Oldest Inhabitant. J.
Oliver hasn't sweated but once in the
past 25 years, and none are certain of
this once, as he could easily have
camouflaged some sweat. Then there
is Arch Miller. The only drawback
about taking Arch on for something
heavy, many would miss his parlor as
well as his garage stories. But this
sacrifice could bo made if necessary.
And Kd Robinson. Nobody would mias
him if the authorities would take him
away out to the country where he
would not be seen or heard of around
here until all the crops were garnered.
Then the town would be willing to
tolerate him once more. "Slim" Ayers
would be just the checker, along with
Mike Jenson and Undo Bob Lynam,
to pitch grain onto high stacks, and
we suggest that they be utilized for
this purpose. We did think of lnclud
lng Senator Mitten, Jim Boggs. and a
few others in the suggestive list, but
for the life of us we can't figure where
they would fit in for usefulness, so
guess they will have to remain where
Bat We Are Keeping; at It!
When we read fine creations by poets
Both in years that have passed and
We observe what will always distin
guish each name.
All the writer's achievement display;
When we analyze eulogies glowingly
By their critics in worshipful vein
Then a glance at the junk by our
selves proudly writ
Rouses Instant and sickening pain!
Touching on the necessity of prayer
for victory, K. O. B. is reminded of
"Be you the men your fathers were
And God will save the Queen."
Speaking of Housman. his book of
verses is referred to in the current
Dial as "The" Shropshire Lad.
And speaking of Shropshire. Clyde
Shropshire, candidate for Governor of
Tennessee, opened his campaign with
a speech in defense of wool.
Smalt Town Staff.
(From the Deshler, Xeb., Rustler.)
Drive up in front of our store and
toot your auto horn. Theo. or BUI or
some one else will run right out and
carrv in your butter and eggs and
produce. H. J. STRUVE & CO.
Sign In Rome, II.: "J. B. Clauson and
Son. Restaurant and Billiard Hall.
Blacksmithlng In connection." We've
played caroms on that sort of table,
The manager of the Taller Cab Com
pany does not claim to have a monop
oly of the color. He Is aware of the
existence of various peace societies.
Lo, the Poor Indian!
(From the Rapid City, S. D., Journal.)
Hays Swindler made a business trip
to the reservation Saturday.
Sign In a Tonopah restaurant: "Use
only one lump of sugar in your coffee.
Stlrr like hell, for we don't mind the
The Brunswick In Boston advertises
that Its cafe "replaces the inconven
iences of home In Summer as well as
No, Sylvia; Aquila the constellation
in which the new star was found
doesn't rhyme with vanilla any bet
ter than Attila.
"It was a perfectly satisfactory
day." Premier Clemenceau.
Or the e. of a p. d.
There are days when It looks as if
Von Gott had deserted to the allies.
Speaking of Scotch highballs, you
likely noted the engagement of Captain
Boos and Miss Helen Hootman.
In view of the performances of our
esteemed Marines. Mr. Wilson may care
to revise one of his utterances.
KIXICAL, LAWS ARB IXOPPORTOE
fnreasoaable Laber Ilegalatlona Harm
fnl In War Time. Sara Slerehaat.
PORTLAND. June 16. (To the Edi
tor.) I noticed in The Oregonian the
other day the decision by tho Child
Welfare Commission that boys only at
tho age of 14 years would be allowed
to work In the congested district.
It seems to me. as a merchant of the
city, that boys and girla of the ages of
12 and 13 would be quite as capable of
taking care of themselves In that dis
trict as would a boy of 14 years, and
1 think if they are allowed to do some
light work during tho vacation days
they would not only be bettering them
selves financially but it would also
enable them to do their "bit" for their
country. Light work will not impair
the health of tho average healthy child
who is willing to work.
I also believe tho state laws should
bo more liberal during the war time
and allow women to put in some over
time. A few hours a day will not In
terfere with a woman's health when
physically strong and, I believe, she
would be very glad to help our country
during these critical times. Opportun
ity of this kind will help her buy war
savings stamps and help the boys in
I read in the papers the other eve
ning where Sergeant Rodhy, from the
State of Oregon, remarked about the
hard work being done in France. "It
Is from 6 in the morning until 10 P. M.,
and we aro going every minute. It is
tiresome, but we are in the game to do
the be.st we can. Those who are not
physii-ally strong are out of luck. When
a man rocs that far in the Army It is
a case ot play the gamo for all that is
In you." ho said.
1 thing where we men, women, boys
and girls are physically strong that a
few more hours a day will not impair
our health Just at this critical time. If
we do not do it now, we may havo to
very soon, nnd then some.
So let tis put our shoulder to tho
wheel and help every way we can, at
great Inconvenienve to ourselves, if
M. J. WALSH.
WAR. 15 MADE DHVS CO!VVEXIECE
Prohibition Advoeated Oaly for Prohi
bition's Sikr, -rrm Writer.
PORTLAND. Or.. Juno 13. (To the
Editor.) I have noticed considerable
discussion of the question of war prohi
bition and the manufacture of beer.
Any person who is acquainted with the
manufacture of beer knows that but
very little grain and sugar are used.
There is more grain used In the manu
farturoof some kinds of beer than
For instance the famous steam beer
made in California was made practical
ly of nothing but hops. Since the order
that beer bo reduced to per cent
alcohol they had to quit making It for
the reason, the hops created such a
high pressure It could not be carried
without creating 4 or 5 per cent alcohol.
This agitation for war prohibition is
not to much for the cause of this coun
try in this war as it Is to fasten prohi
bition on tho people forever and our
'resident is wite enough to see it.
The little grain and sugar used In
the manufacture of beer will not make
a whit of difference in the outcome of
this war. Isn't it a fact we are fur
nishing all our allies with grain? Isn't
it also a fact all of our allies manu
facture beer? Even Germany, aa hard
pressed as she is for food, still manu-
i.ii iurcs ue-r. n)' snouid we nave
absolute prohibition on account of this
war any more than our allies?
A L1BEKTY LOVER.
If death should come to my boy over
In way of bursting shell or bayonet.
Within some torn and battered shell
Let It be at coming of sunset.
If death should come.
If death should come I pray God stay
The benediction of that last gold
Will bless him for the life he sacri
ficed On that last day.
If death should come.
If he should fall upon some battlefield
In way of drawn sword and holy
Let it be when crimson sunlight dies
Into the dusky arms of shadowed
If he should fall.
Inauranre of Sallora.
LENTS, Or., June 15. (To the Edi
tor.) Tho Government has insurance
for the men in the Army and Navy.
(1) Is the insurance compulsory or is
It optional with the party enlisting?
(2) Can the relative of the parties en
listing pay for such insurance? (3)
Does this Insurance ccver ordinary
seamen working In transport service?
MRS. M. TAYLOR.
(1) It is optional.
(S) The Government issues Insurance
to seamen in the merchant marine.
For particulars writ to Bureau of War
Risk Insurance, Treasury Department.
Washington, D. C-
Clalma Against United States.
CAMAS, Wash.. June 15. (To the Ed
itor.) Can the Federal Government of
the United States be sued by any party
or parties having a grievance against
same? Has eult ever been brought upon
said Government, and if so can you
state a specific instance? If suit cannot
be brought to bear upon the Govern
ment how are such grievances settled?
By what authority? N.A.JONES.
The United States cannot be sued
without its own consent. Congress has
established a court of claims in Wash
ington city -for adjustment of certain
individual differences with the Govern
ment. Sale ef Old Gold.
BAKER. Or.. June 13. (To the Edi
tor.) Please state whether you know
of any reliable firm or individuals who
buy old Jewelry. I have some which
is now considered old-f aatiioned and
no longer worn which was quite valu
able a few years ago. Should like very
much to aeil same and buy war stamps
with the proceed., thus doing my bit
to- help win the war. PATRIOT.
The leading Jewelry stores In Port
land purchase Jewelry, urually paying
for its weight In gold.
nulldlna- Material for Pershing.
McMINNVILLE. Or, June 15. (To
the Editor.) There are some persons
getting out SO-foot piling near here
to be shipped Immediately to General
Pershing. Kindly tell me what use is
made of SO-foot piling?
MRS. T. H. ROGERS.
AH we can tell you is that the Amer
ican Government is constructing In
France, for war use. docks, ware
houses, railroads, and other transpor
Hotel Cooki In Keelasairication.
PORTLAND. Juno 16. (To the Edi
tor.) A cook who is a married man
In class two B, working in one of city's
large hotels, as cook, wishes to know
if ho is subject to reclassification on
account of his line of work. Is that
line of work considered a useful oc
The occupation is not among those
listed as non-productive.
In Other Days.
Half a Ontnry Abo.
From the Oreconlan June IT. 1SS.
From our files received by overland,
mail we select tho following as a speci
men of the declarations of the press In
regard to the nominations made by tho
Krom the Chicago Tribune: Grant
and Colfax is a ticket that will sweep
When Portland was under Republican
rule there was no trouble about tho
polls on election day. All was quiet
and orderly and every voter was pro
tected in his rights. Since tho Demo
crats obtained tho control there hns
been trouhle at every election. Thorns in
Interest Monday centered in tho Sec
ond Ward, where Rosenheim was de
feated and John M. Preck. an honest,
competent and responsible man. elected.
In spite ot the fiaht that occurred
Washlncton. The Senate has con
firmed Reverdy Johnson as Minister to
The Eugeno Journal in gld th.it we
have saved the judiciary of the state
from the Confederates.
There is considerable agitation fnf
the (Government to purchase and oper-
ai ine toiegrapn lines or the country.
D. B. Turney proposes to start a
Republican paper at McMinnvllle to be
known as the Yamhillian.
Tnmty-flTe Yearn Age.
Fmm The Oreronlan Juno 17. js3.
Many believe tho big cut in passen
ger rates announced hy the threat
Northern is only a part of a big ad
Berlin. Indications are that the Kai
ser's hope in the election have been
thwarted arA that ki. .. . wn,
fluently will be beaten. In Ibis event th
""'i prutmoiy win dissolve the
Reichstag and order another election.
The 21st annual reunion of the Ore
gon pioneers was held yesterdav. It
was a very satisfactory celebration.
Chris Miller reached Portland yester
day on his 13.500-nille tramp around tho
border of the United States.
Portland will make an effort to get
the 1S94 . A. R. National encampmei-.t.
J. V. Galbraith. secretary of the Al
bany Woolen Mills, returned ycsterdn.v
from a visit to his old home in Ten
nessee. Berry Plenlea Snciratrd.
PORTLAND. June IS. (To the F.di
tor.) I leant from tho newspapers that
the loganberry raisers in tho Vallev
want :50l pickers In the near future,
with prospects of being unable to get
There are many families in the city
who could uso from two to Id gal
lons each for Winter use. Suppose
each grower would auiiounco the loca
tion of his farm, telling how many
berries he would havo for sale and
how to reach his place, either by aulo
or train; and what days he could en
tertain a crowd, say on a Saturday or
Sunday, or both. That would be u in
centive for a picnic for many families
who will pay tho market price for
what they picked, less the chargn of
Is it feasible? I'll go and pick 10
gallons and pay for them.
It is doubtless true that many fami
lies would pay for the privilege of
picking strawberries, loganberries ami
cherries for their own u.--e, thus bene
fiting both themselves and tho grower.
The plan, however, would meet tl
issue only in part. There is more tlia
a local supply. The large demand tai
loganberries is from manufacturers 4.
Juice. Other berries and cherries apj
shipped in quantities from Oregon t
Salary Exemptions In Oregon.
PORTLAND. Juno 15 (To the Edi-
tor.) What is the statute on salary
garnishments as regards singlo and
married men? And do women come un
der the same ruling? To what amount
are there exemptions, if anv?
J. H. S.
Tho debtor whose personal earnings
are attached can secure an exemption
of 75 a month on an adequate show
ing in court that such amount Is nec
essary for the support of the family
dependent in wholo or part on his or
her earnings, provided, that if the debt
on which the attachmeut is based is
for family necessities, only one-half
the sum named may be exempted.
WESTON, Or.. June IS. (To the Ed
claL) Is it necessary for a citizen of
the United States to eecure a passport
when going from the United States to
a neutral country at the present time?
Is a passport necessary to enter one of
the allied- countries? How is a pass
port secured? A READER.
Passport regulations are too vol
uminous to be printed in this column.
Consult World Almanac, or tpply to
Secretary of State. Washington. D. C.
or to clerk of nearest Federal Court.
Addresa ef Author.
GERVA1S. Or., June 15. (To Uie
Editor. ) Please give me the address
of Emerson Hough, the author.
His office address Is Continental and
Commercial National Hank building.
FKEF3 BOOkltl KBKK INFOR-.
The service rendered by The
Oregonian Information Bureau at
Washington in distribution of
publications is designed to bo
Krom time to time new books
have been listed, but those previ
ously announced are still avail
able. Either of the following may be
obtained for a --cent stamp to
cover cost of mailing. Thetc is
no charge of any kind:
Book on Canning.
"German War rractlres."
Book on Colds.
Book on Knitting.
Book on Navy.
Book on Drying Fruite.
Book of Recipes.
"How War Came to America."
Garden Insect Book.
Cottage Cheese Recipes.
Write today and a;-k for frea
copy. Inclose a 2-ccnt stamp for
return postage and be sure to
write your name and address
plainly. Direct your letter to The
Oregonian Information Uureau.
Frederic J. Haskin, , Director,
Washington, T. C.
P. S. The Oregoni-in Informa
tion Bureau at Washington will
answer any question jou may
submit. Answer wi'.l be sent by
letter. Just Inclose a S-cnt
stamp for return postape.
Do not write to The Oregonian
at Portland for these books or for
letter replies lo questions. Note
carefully the address glvrn above.