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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
AMPLE CROP OF
M100 ORDERS ALL
PEARL MARKET JS
SAVED FROM HUN
WHEAT IN SIGHT
OF QUOTA REACHED
Loan Millions Coming
in Tidal Wave.
DRIVE 10 $11
CAPTAIN PEKSIIS, WAR CRITIC,
POINTS On CHANGE.
V. S.. LIKELY TO HAVE ENOUGH
GERMANS ALMOST CORNER LON
.DON, PARIS TRADE.
FOR SELF AND ALLIES.
French Sustain Shoe
ATTACK ON AMIENS WAITS
New Offensive Intended
120-MILE FRONT .ABLAZE
jeuion uunners Hammer a
Line, While Infantry Waits
. for "Zero" Hour.
(By th Associated Press.)
Facing American. French and Brit
ish troops strongly entrenched and
well equipped for battle, the- GernAn
army has for the moment given up
its direct drire against Amiens.
After utter repulse in his efforts
to smash straight through to his ob
jective the enemy now is attempting
a new maneuver, which is intended to
broaden the field of action and re
duce the menace of a counter of
fensive. Artillery rounds Allies.
jtapoixs irom ue oattie line . in
Ticardy disclose the first stages of
this new German offensive aimed at
either side of the salient in the al
lied lines. From La Bassee Canal, in
the north, to the sectors east of Laon,
the great artillery forces of the enemy
are thundering, with the bombard
ment deepening at place to the in
tensity of drumfire.
. The length of this front is approxi
mately 120 miles. North of Lens,
east of Arras, along the new front
running through Bucquoy to Albert,
south of MonUtidier and thence east
ward past Lassigny and Noyon to a
point far beyond Chauny, the Germans
are hammering the allied lines in an
attempt to break the defenses and
prepare them for the infantry assault,
which may be expected at any moment.
Every Foot Blood-Bought.
On the western "elbow" of the
ulient of -the allied lines the Ger
mans are forced to fight uphill. Their
advance across the lower ground along
the Somme, Ancre, Avre and Luce
rivers has carried them up to a para
pet of hills which sentinel the road at
Amiens. Attacks along this natural'
bulwark have netted the enemy only
insignificant gains at a horrible cost.
At points the German efforts have
gained, but these gains have resulted
only in the loration of sharp salients,
which are swept by rifle and machine
gun fire and tempests of shells when
ever enemy troops are seen forming
for an attack.
The attack on the French lines
southeast of Chauny is" for the pur
pose of removing a menacing salient
and the gaining of better protection
to the German left flank.
Assault Makes Progress.
The assault is still going on and
it has made considerable progress.
The Germans struct- through the lower
forest of Coucy and have reached a
point south of the village of Folem
bray. The Berlin official statement
claims that -'000 r-risontrs have been
That an attack of large dimensions
is planned for the front of Arras
northward to Lens is considered prob
able by military experts. As long as
this front is in its present position
the Germans cannot exert their full
strength on the line before Amiens.
The canno.iade in this region may be
the prelude of a massed attack such
as bent the British line during the
latter days of March.
Notwithstanding the statement
made on FriJay by Stephen Fichon,
the French Foreign Minister, that
Americans now are fighting in the
Picardy," nothing definite has been
learned about where General Fersh
ings men are located, or what part
they are playing in this battle of bat
tles. On the American-held sectors near
Verdun, east of Luneville and north
east of Toul, only ordinary trench
activities have been reported.
BERLIN, via London. April S The
powerful German prraaur along the
dim la forcing the French back at the
lower outskirts of Coucy wood, accord
Ins; to the official report from a-vneral
iwa&.t4el ea , Cetiuna 1.1
American Troop Movement Across
Atlantic Revives Argument Over
Effectiveness or C-Boats.
WASHINGTON. April . Word ths
American reinforcements sre movln
to the support of the allies In ricardy
has revived argument In Germany
over ths efficacy of the submarine and
drswn from Captain Persius. military
critic of the Berliner Tageblatt. th
comment that, after being- persuaded to
under-estimate America. German opio
Ion la undergoing a change.
An official dispatch from Swltser-
land today, reviewing the latest dls
cusslon, quotes Captain Fersius as fol
"We were at first a good deal per
suaded to under-estlmate the partlcl
patlon of America In the war. We
begin now to note a change of opinion.
-It Is beyond a doubt that it would
be well ta curb at the present time
these- more or less fantastic vagaries
of persons discussing the submarine
war. We cannot for the moment est!
mau when the United States will have
ready the millions of men her popula
tion will permit her to raise, but It Is
ertaln America will. In the very near
future, succeed In amassing armies
hlch. In any case, will constitute
very valuable aid for our enemies."
Captain Persius concluded by noting
that Amertoa is preparing for a
of long duration.
BIG GUN SHOOTS 80 MILES
Total Casualties of One Day's Bom
bardment Eight Chickens.
PARIS, April I. The official an
nouncement yesterday that no casual-
les resulted from that day's bombard
ment of Paris by the Germans, says
the Petit Parlslen, was not In strict
accordance with the facts. It affirms
that there were victims eight chick-
AMSTERDAM. April . Emperor
William on March It Inspected the gun
with which the Germans are bombard-
ng Paris, says Karl Bosner, war cor
respondent of the Lokal Anseiger, of
Berlin. Jt looks more like an enor
mous gray crane than a real gun, ac
cording to the correspondent, mnd can
throw a shell for a distance of 136
kilometers M0.C miles). Firing a
shorter distance than that on March 33,
he adds. It required exactly 181 seconds
for a shell to reach Paris.
MILLMEN INVEST HEAVILY
Brighton Spruce Mill Subscribes
$41,000 to Loan.
WHEELER. Or, April 8. (Special.)
The town of Brighton, although at
tached to the Wheeler district in the
hlrd liberty loan drive. Is entitled to
pair of honor flags.
The members of the Brighton Mills
Company alone subscribed to the loan
follows: Thomas B. Watt. $15,000;
George W. Watt. 810,000; John Watt.
000; William Watt. 15000; Brighton
Mills Company, 3000. For one family
In one corporation this record will be
ard to beat In the state.
The Brighton mills are credited with
uttlng fully 30 per cent of all the air
plane stock produced in the United
IREMEN INVEST IN BONDS
Mayor Baker Presides Over Two
Meetings at Same Time.
To preside over two meetings atones
as the novel experience yesteruay oi i
Mayor Baker. He s chairman over I
meeting of the City Council and over)
board of trustees of the firemen's
lief and pension fund at the same
While both bodies were in session
the firemen trustees voted to Invest I
$25,000 in liberty bonds and the City I
Council voted to authorize the action. I
WILSON BUYS $1000 BONDS
First Subscription at Theater Rally
Is by President.
WASHINGTON. April 8. When sub
scriptions to the third liberty loan
were called for at a local threater here
tonight, the first subscriber was Presi
dent Wilson, who occupied a box In
Announcement that the President had
taken $1000 worth was followed by pro
ROYAL FLYING CADET DIES
Nova Scotlan, Flying Alone, Falls.
No One Sees Accident.
FORT WORTH. Tex.. April t. M. W.
Klrwtn. Royal Flying Corps cadet, was
killed here this afternoon on the eve
of his squadron's departure for Toronto.
His home was In Nova Scotia. He was
21 years old.
Kirwin was flying alone, and no one I
saw the accident.
LOCKJAW FATAL TO YOUTH
Klfiht-iYcar-Old Lebanon Boy Suc
cumbs After Brief Illness.
LEBANON. Or. April . (Special.) I
Tbe funeral of the S-year-old son of
C. F. Harding, of Lacomb. was held
here Sunday. The boy died Friday
night of lockjaw, which resulted from I
Ms stepping on a rusty nail a lewl
Movement of Armies
to Picardy Hastens,
I). S. BOYS WILL JOIN BRITISH
Plan Will Bring Yankees Into
Battle Earlier. v
TRAINING TO BE EXPEDITED
Two Oernian Raids Repulsed on
Front Northwest of Toul Ad
vancing Enemy Chased Back
to Ills Own Trenches.
WASHINGTON. April 8. Transpor
tation of American troops to France Is
already proceeding at the accelerated
rate contemplated by the speeding-up
measures taken after the battle of
Acting Secretary Crowell made this
statement today, but would give no
details. For military reasons the i
tent of the Increased troop movement
has not been made public.
After -the conference between Secre
tary Baker and allied officials orders
were given usder which a. .British of
ficial statement was issued saying
American forces were to be brigaded
with British troops In order to hasten
American participation In the war.
Method Already Tried Out.
Officials explained that the process
to be followed was similar to that
adopted In placing American troops In
the front lines with the French for
It has been estimated that 30 days'
tialnlng of this character with Ameri
can battalion units assigned with the
British organisations will fit the new
comers for active duty.
All divisions now moved from this
Ide are composed of men who have
bsd several months' preliminary train
ing and who need only final Instruc
tion to take their full share in the
Speedier Resolta Possible.
The training process will be quicker
with the British than with the French,
Is Is believed, because the language
difficulty does not exist. American
nits will find every British veteran
an Instructor, ana inert win oe no
eed for Interpreters.
It was indicated that the new plans
call for a more extensive training
scheme with the British army than has
been the case with General Pershing's
original force. There probablje will be
o attempt to set up a purely American
force with the British ranks, as has
been done with the French.
Troops to Return to Pershing.
The Americans ars to be withdrawn
when trained and turned over to Gen
eral Pershing as a part of his army.
They will share fully with their Brit
ish comrades tne battles on their front
(Conclued on Page 3, Column 2.)
I ZS'W 1.1 UN 5355? i'-f
I : : ;
Official Estimates Put Winter Crop
at 560,000, 000 Bushels and To
tal Yield at 850,000,000. .
WASHINGTON, April 8. Forecast by
the Department of Agriculture today of
a Winter wheit crop of 560,000,000
bushels this year brought optimism to
the Food Administration.
The prediction was unofficially made
that if the Spring wheat crop main
tained the same ratio the next harvest
would furnish sufficient wheat to take
care of the needs of this country and
the allies next year.
The forecast indicates an increase of
142,000.000 bushels of Winter wheat
over last years Winter crop, wnicn
. , ...
was 418,000,000 bushels. Assuming that
the Spring wheat crop will yield the
same ratio of increase, there will be
total crop of 850,000,000, or an increase
of about 200,000,000 bushels over last
year, when the entire crop was esti
mated at 651,000,000.'
In addition, there Is an Increase of
26.000,000 bushels in the prospective
rye crop, or a total prospective Increase
over last year of about Z20.ooo.ouo
bushels of bread grains.
There is also hope of an Increase of
100,000.000 bushels of wheat over last
year in Great Britain and France and
also an increase in Canada.
The necessity for rigorous saving
between now and harvest is, however,
in no way relaxed by harvest prospects.
the public Is warned. .
TOPEKA, Kan., April 8. With a
reasonably favorable Spring season.
Kansas has a prospect of producing
108,000,000 bushels of wheat this year.
according to report sent out by E. C.
Paxton, Government field agent for
Kansas. Mr. Paxton based this esti
mate on the government report sent
out today from Washington announc
ing the condition of Kansas wheat as
67 per cent of normal.
MORRILL'S BOOK OBSCENE
Federal Grand Jury at Minneapolis
Indicts Author. '
MINNEAPOLIS. April 8. Rev. G. L.
Morrill, author of a book which is said
to embarrass relations between the
United States and Mexico, was indicted
by the Federal grand Jury here today
charged with circulating obscene mat
er through the malls.
Mr. Morrill was arrested three
months ago. Shortly after being re-
eased on bond he started for South
America, but was stopped - at New
Orleans by Government agents, who
seized his passport.
DUTCH MINISTER TO LEAVE
Vacation Granted to Return to Hol
land on Account of Health.
WASHINGTON, April 8. Dr. August
Philips, Minister from The Nether
lands, has asked for and obtained a
leave of absence from his government,
and will sail for Holland shortly. Ill
health, it was explained, caused the
Minister to ask for relief.
The Minister came to Washington In
February, succeeding Chevalier Van
Rappard. During his absence the Em
bassy will be in charge of W. H. Du
Beaufort, the Counsellor, as charge
HIM FIRST THAT'S THE SLOGAN
Liberty Loan Organiza
tion Work Upset.
INACCURACY HELD A MENACE
Official Reports Only Are to Be
Given to Public.
OPTIMISM TO BE FEARED
Tabulated Returns Will Be Given
Out Through Reserve Banks and
Will Include Only Subscrip
tions Absolutely Filed.
WASHINGTON, April 8. Estimates
of dally liberty loan subscriptions will
not be given out during the campaign
by national, district or local headquar
ters, under Instructions Issued tonight
by Secretary McAdoo. Instead, the
treasury will gather them from each
Federal Reserve bank figure on sub-
sclDtlons actually filed with them
together with receipts from the Initial
5 oer cent payment, and a taDuiauon
of theBe will be made public each day.
Local committees may compile slml
lar reports of subscriptions turned Into
local banks and give out the results.
Inaccurate Estimate Feared.
This method of supplying Informa.
tlon on the day by day progress of the
loan, adopted today oy tne ireMun
inrr discussion. Is intended to
prevent the publication of Inaccurate
..timn which might not be borne
out by actual subscriptions. Secretary
nfAHno reauested newspapers and
liberty loan committees to observe the
Over long distance telephone from
Richmond, Va., where he made his first
liberty loan speech on a Southern tour,
the Secretary authorized this state
ment: No Ftfrnrea for Some Days.
"In order to remove the risk of In
accurate information and of over-sanguine
and misleading estimates con
cerning the amount of subscriptions
to the third liberty loan, no figures
will be given out tor some days and
then only figures as to the actual
amount of subscriptions officially filed
with tbe Federal Reserve banks. The
danger of . jlylng upon optimistic es
timates and unofficial subscriptions
will thus be avoided.
'This information will be made pub
lio beginning at an early date, when
the department will be prepared to
give accurate figures. After the plan
has been developed, the Federal Re
serve banks will report to the Treas
ury Department the amount of sub
scriptions actually filed and these re
ports will be given out daily.
Newspaper (Jo-operation Asked.
"The Fedealr Reserve banks will sim
ultaneously announce the amount of
such subscriptions officially filed In
their own districts and will permit
(Concluded on Page S. Column 1.)
Parisian. Dealers, Through Agents in
Switzerland, Selling Baubles
to Enemy Since 1915.
PARIS, April 8. Large quantities of
pearls have been sold in Germany
through agents in Switzerland of Pa
risian jewelers, according to a Geneva
dispatch to the Petit Journal. The Ger
mans sought and, but for the action of
the French judicial authorities, would
have succeeded in cornering the Paris
and London market in pearls "after th
The clandestine trading, the dispatch
adds, has been going on unhindered
since early in 1915. All intermediaries
are said to have been known to the
Swiss police, who were astonished at
the ease with which they were able
to purchase stones in Paris. ,
A Paris dispatch on April S said that
18 Parisian diamond dealers were un
der prosecution on charges of trading
with the enemy. They were said to
have sold precious stones to Germans
through Swiss agents.
TURKS CLAIM BIG VICTORY
Violent Fighting in Caucasus and
Advance Toward Batnni Claimed.
LONDON, April 8. An official state
ment from Turkish headquarters dated
April g says:
"On the Caucasus front, after violen
fighting, we occupied Vasan and Ari
on the banks of Lake Van. We also
occupied Sarlkamisch after ejecting the
enemy from powerfully fortified pos
lions nortnwesc or tne town, we are
pursuing him In the direction of Kars.
Our advance toward Batum is progress
U. S. TO RECLAIM SEAL OIL
Establishment of Rendering Plant i
WASHINGTON, April 8. Kstablish
ment of a plant on the Pribiloff Island
to extract the oil from seal carcasses,
which now are thrown away after be
lng skinned. Is under consideration by
After a conference today with Com
mlssloner Smith, of the -Bureau of
Fisheries, the secretary said he hoped
to ship machinery for the plant from
Seattle in a few weeks.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
iJssTfiKUAi'B Maximum ,-temperature, 6:
degrees; minimum, 43 degrees; cloudy.
TODAY'S Rain; moderately southerly gale.
Germans launch powerful new offensive
aionr l-U-mile front. Page 1.
American troops hastenlnr across Atlantic
10 riniorce allies in flcardy. Page 1.
Increased use of cavalry by British proves
worm or army a picturesque arm. Page 2.
Repeated German attacks in vicinity of At
Dert oroKen up ny .British. Page 3.
German general staff finds it necessary to
explain xo aismayea puniic why great
oriensive nas not succeeded. Page 2.
German views changing in regard to ef
fectiveness of U-boats. Page 1.
German plot to corner European pearl mar
icet ib oroKen up. page 1.
Landing of Japanese and British forces at
Vladivostok may have serious conse
quences. Page 3.
Hunger stalks in Bussian capital, while
shivering throngs behold vision of democ
racy. Page 0.
Mars Germany's best customer in Iron and
steel Industry. Page 7.
British press applauds Wilson's war anni
versary speech. Page 6.
Czechs in Austria-Hungary use Wilson's
. speeches as basis of their national pro
gramme, page .
McAdoo orders all estimates on liberty loan
withheld. Page l.
Senate views clash over proposed sedition
legislation. Page 4.
Official estimates indicate wheat crop of
United States will be ample for Nation
and allies. Page 1.
Bolo Pasha said to have turned informer
and is granted reprieve. Page 4.
Congress will be asked for $50,000,000 to
finance development of concrete ship
building industry. Page 5.
Earl Reading emphasizes Wilson's state
ment that Germany must be met with
force. Page' 6.
Sports. . '
Portland players take it easy for day at
camp. Page 20.
Girls max aid in selling tickets for indoor
meet, April 26. Page 20.
Stanford to drop sports for duration of war.
Boxers train hard for coming bouts. Page 20.
Spokane G. O, P., united and harmonious,
awaits visit of National Chairman Hays.
Senator McNary announces candidacy for re
election. Page 10.
Northwestern products may
Australasia. Page 21.
Cattle and hogs higher at local stockyards.
Corn and oats at Chicago affected by crop
report. Page 21.
Interest in Wall Street centers in liberty
loan. Page 21.
Portland shipyards hope to deliver four big
freighters in April. Page 16.
New closed period for draw bridges de
clared unnecessary. Page 16.
than half of
Oregon's liberty bond
quota already raised. Page 1.
A. W. Pierong named manager of Public
Auditorium. Page 13.
Allied armies face big task, but will win,
says Earl of Punmore. Page 15.
Oregon boys to be organized to harvest 1918
crops. Page 15.
San Francisco bootleggers confess and are
given jail terms. Page 4.
Government embargo order will demoralize
lumber trade, mill men say. Page 8.
Six policewomen named to watch over
young girls. Page 10.
All are Americans in freedom a cause, de
clares Canadian Major. Page o.
Jackson Club applauds slighting allusion to
Governor West. Page .
L. j. Simpson returns from trip through
Central Oregon. Page 10.
Weather report data aad forecast. Pagft 21
STATE'S TOTAL $11,755,400
City's Bond Purchases to Date
14 COUNTIES GO OVER TOP
Many Cities and Towns in Stale
Have Already Earned Honor
Flags Wheeler, In Tillamook,
Leads AVltU 1000 Per Cent.
EACH SUBSCRIBER WILli GET
Owing to the Innumerable calls
for buttons by third liberty loan
subscribers, the supply has been
completely exhausted, but more
will be on hand within a few
The following: telegram was re
ceived at liberty loan headquar
ters yesterday from Governor
"Our supply here of subscribers'
buttons exhausted. Have wired
Treasury to ship 20,000 addi
tional to you quickly."
Oregon borrowed the seven-league
boots of fairy lore yesterday and
strode mightily toward her quota of
liberty loan millions. "When the com
plete daily returns for Portland and
Oregon were canvassed late last night.
it was officially announced that the
two, days of campaigning totaled $11,
765,400, or far beyond the half-way
post of the total quota of $18,495,000.
Portland returns, compiled from re
ports of the twin brigades of liberty
loan salesmen. Wrote down $2,378,450
as the city's liberty loan purchases
yesterday, making a total thus far of
$6,032,450, a long pace toward the am
bition to eclipse . the local quota of .
$10,050,000 by tomorrow night, or
within the week at latest.
Drive Officials Jubilant.
State officials are amply satisfied
with the reports received. It is known
tasit many counties and communities
have not yet reported the bulk of their ,
subscriptions owing to the rush or
the campaign opening.
Fourteen of the sisterhood of Oregon
counties have flown the signals of over
subscription, and are yet traveling the
liberty loan triil with unabated speed,
according to official statistics compiled
t headquarters yesterday. They ard
Tillamook, Wallowa, Curry, Lincoln,
Washington, Polk, Klamath, Lake,
Deschutes, Crook, Sherman, Wheeler,
Gilliam and Grant.
Largely within the confines of these
fortunate counties are 71 honor cities
and towns that have won the right to
unfurl the liberty loan honor flay. And
foremost of these ts the Tillamook town
of Wheeler, with 1000 per cent. The
honor towns and their subscription per
Many Towns Win Honor.
Pet. I Pcf
Halfway 104.9Scio 133.3 1
Corv&lliS J04.1lrnnlH in
itiuu ........ .. x-l.u
Mount Angel. . .. 100
I St. Paul 217.0
Falls City 18S.5
Grass Valley. .. . 14B.7
Bay City 359.1
Korest Grove ... . 1 00. 2
Gold Beach 300
La Pine 220
Prairie City.... 102.91
Gold Hill ISO
Roeue River. . . . 251
Klamath Falls.. 1U0
The hour when
shall advise the Twelfth Federal Re
serve Board that Oregon has eclipsed
its quota is drawing near with happy
speed, declare leaders of the campaign.
All yesterday the tide of telegrams
swept into the offices of Campaign
Manager Smith, telling of victory for -
many towns and communities.
In the city the campaign went on
with unabated vigor, strengthened by
evidence of an influence seemingly at
ork against the issue whisper that
ran the rounds and was repeated to the
dazed solicitors. "Portland Is over-
ubscribed and workers are going to
quit," ran the groundless rumor. '
At Liberty Temple there was hot
indignation and the falsehood nailed as
one of Prussian propaganda, unworthy -to
be heard or repeated by any citizen
with the interests of the loan for free
dom near to heart. General Guy W.
Talbot, commander of the Portland
forces, nailed it at the outset, as did
every solicitor who heard it. The
rumor invigorated the battle spirit of
Portland as nothing else and sent the
forces on to new endeavor.
There have been many rumors afloat
today to the effect that Portland was
over subscribed ana woraers were to
cease solicitation," said General Talbot, .
in an official denial.
This undoubtedly is a pro-German
ACgaciuded oa tune 10, Column JJ.