Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, February 22, 1918, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

The Oregonian Will Print
His New Book Starting
February 24.
Don't Miss This Expose of
Hun Duplicity to Start
Next Sunday.
VOL. LVIII. XO. 17.801.
Kaiser's Armies Moving
on Ruthlessly.
One General, 425 Officers and
8700 Men Captured.
Rndnn. One of Triangle of For
I rr --. Reported Cleared of
M Surrender
4 lo Surprise .Ilark.
LX tHXV. Feb. II Forty-live Ger
man warships were approaching Reval
on V.ndajr, according to a message
rfrlrt by the Express from Its Tetro-
grad correspondent.
Troops have been landed at HcvaL
LMiiy Bolshevik corre
spondent telegraphs that Leon Trotsky,
Holshevlk Foreign Minister, probably
ill resign.
BEKU.V. Feb. II. via London. Th
RuMlan town of Rovno has been
clearvd of th Russians, the War Office
report a
Trains with about IOC cars, many
laden with food. have been captured
thus far. as U as airplanes. 13SI
suns and between iOO and J00 motor
Maar Primmmrrm Taken.
The Germans have made prisoner a
General commanding an army. 455 of
ficers and S?oa men.
Rotno Is the most easterly of the tri
angle of Kuaalan fortresses In Vol
hyola. Lutsk, the western citadal In
the triangle, capitulated to the Ger
mans on February IS without fighting.
The third fortress In Volbynla, Pubno,
lies about midway between Rons and
the town of Urody on the Gailclaa
Hallway Jaaetteaa Take a.
Between Dvlnsk and Plnsk the Ger
mans are pressing eastward. General
on Llnslngen'a movement continues.
Important railway and highway Junc
tions have been occupied.
The Germans have passed through
Wtndea. SJ miles northeast of Riga.
and are now before Wolmar, ? mile
northeast of Riga.
Mewsi aoaaal CraeataV.
German regiment from Moon Island
crossed Moon Sound and marched Into
Kathonia. occupying LeaL Other forces,
advancing along the shore of tha Gulf
of Riga, reached Permgal and Lemaai.
BKRLIN. via London. Feb. SI. The
German troops have entered Minsk In
their advanee eastward In Russia, ac
cording to the report from headquarters
this evening.
Minsk, a town of Russia, capital of
the government of Minsk, situated on
an affluent of the Bereslna. la 43 miles
sc'Khwcst of Pctrograd. Tha principal
buildings are the cathedral of St. Cath
rrine. the theater, and the museum.
There are manufactoriea of leather,
agricultural Implements, tobacco, spir
its, etc. Minsk Is tha seat of a Greek
orthodox and a Roman Catholic bishop.
The population In 1ST waa 1.4I4. of
whom about ts.00 were Jews.
LONDON. Feb. St. German troops.
Harms, occupied Dvlnsk. are advancing
toward Pskutr. lis miles south-south
wrst vt Pctrograd. according to i
Keuter dispatch from Pctrograd.
Cavalry Mavao Mobile.
They also have occupied HapsaJ. Es-
thonia. and their cavalry Is pushing
toward Mobllev. tha former Russian
grneral headquarters.
The Novels Viedorasty. the dlapatch
adds, says the Germans have occupied
Molodechno. an Important railway
Junction northwest of Minsk.
According to tha Pravda. tha Austrl
ans have begun an advance on the
Ukrainian front. '
PET ROG RA D. Wednesday. Feb. 1.
I By the Associated Press.) Dispatches
received here Indicate continued Ger
man movements along all fronts toward
Vitebsk. Minsk. Tskoff and RevaX
Air Fleet Raid Reclata.
German airmen are reported to have
rakled R'glsta on Monday. Many bombs
were dropped and several persons were
killed. The raiders diesppeared toward
Just two hours after the armistice
ended German troops entered Dvlnsk.
It was S o'clock on the afternoon of
February It that German patrols un
expectedly appeared around tha city
and seised the railway stations and
other central points.
Only small skirmishes with fleeing
soldiers took place. The Red Guards
offered bo resistance. The artillery
and Infantry were demobilising and
wholly unprepared to fight.
Leaders Ieclare Pctrograd Will lie
Defended by Red Guard.
FET ROG RAD. Feb. 20. Bolshevlkl
leaders declare that If the German ad
ranee contlnuea they will defend Pctro
grad with the Red Guard and harass
.ha German advance by guerilla war
fare. No plana had been made for evac
uation of tha city.
The Bolshevlkl say this la a new
liono ailed ea Page S. Columa LA
Negotiations Follow Itefur-al lo Fill
Order of tieneral Perslilng;
for niankets and Mules.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 11. An eco
nomic agreement with Spain under
which General Pershing will set mules.
Army blankets and other materials In
that country In return for cotton, oil
and other commodities, from the L'nlted
States, waa signed today In Mudrld.
The State Department was so ad-
vlwd tonight by Ambassador Wlllard.
The terms of the agreement could not
be learned and It waa not known
whether they had any bearing on the
rate of exchange between tne io
countries, which the United States has
desired to adjust because of the recent
depreciation of the American dollar In
Spain, where It la now worth only
about IS cents.
Tha negotiations followed the re
fusal of Spain to supply a large num
ber of mules. 100.000 blankets and other
materials ordered by General Pershing
last month. Tha official reason given
for tha failure to fill the order waa aaid
to bar been that tha Spanish railroad
system had broken down and It was Im
possible to handle goods destined for
Negotiations at Madrid apparently
were going on when It became known
that Spanish steamers were being held
ud In America ports for lack of fuel.
Through their control of bunker coal
the L'nlted States and the allies were
in a position to stop not only the ship
ment of goods to Spain from the allied
countries, but from neutrals as welL
Spain la dependent upon this country
for large supplies of foodstuffs aa well
as other materials.
Warning Is Afforded by
Russia's Fate.
America's Attention Not to Be
Distracted From Task.
eteraa Statesman and Diplomat
Sends Letter to Congress of Na
tional Service Now in Ses
sion at Chicago.
Asltant In University of Wa-lilng
ion Succumbs to Operation.
SEATTLE. Wash, Feb. SI. Miss
Mary Frederlcka Rausch. assistant pro
fessor of home economics In tha exten
slon division of the University or
Washington, died her today following
an operation.
During the last several months Miss
Rausch has lectured In several parts
of the Pacific Northwest on food pre pa
ration and conservation In connection
with the work of tha Federal Food
Mlaa Rausch waa director of the ex
tension division of home economics of
the Iowa State College In DOS and 1907
and head of tha home economics depart
ment of Colorado State College from
HOT to 11.
Conference of Southwest Washing
ton Organisation Opens Today.
ABERDEEN. Wash, Feb. 21. (Spe
cial.) Over 150 boys are expected to
be In attendance at the annual South
western Washington Older Boys' Con
ference, which opens here tomorrow for
a three days' meeting. Registration
carda have been received from about
15 boys to date.
Of thla number about 40 are coming
from Tacoma and 22 from Chehalla.
Many country districts In Grays liar
bor. Lewis, Mason and Thurston coun
ties will be represented. The speakers
on the conference programme include
prominent T. M. C lA. and Boy Scout
workers In Western Washington.
Plans Made to Instruct Force for
Agricultural Labor In V. S.
WASHINGTON. Feb. SI. Plans for
supplying women workers for farms
during the war probably will Include
campa for their training, the women's
committee of tha Council of National
Defense announced today. Thla com
mlttee will have charge of whatever
recruiting, educational and welfare
work la done..
The women'a committee will co-op
erate In supplying women to farms
with the Department of Agriculture
and the women'a division of the United
States employment service.
Weather Man's Statement Probably
Means Continued Cold.
It's the overcoats and gloves for
Portlanders again today. "Easterly
winds." says the weather man. which
means there probably will be no mod
eration In the cold weather of the past
few days.
Testerdsy the Government's offi
cial mercury dropped down to 2$
degrees, which Is three degrees lower
than that of Wednesdsy. There was a
bit of comfort In the afternoon yester
day when a maximum of 41 degrees
was reached.
German Syndicate Acquiring Control
of All Publicity ATenues.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 21. German In
terest are acquiring some of tha most
Influential newspapers In Austria, ac
cording to an official dispatch today
from France.
Herr Prlnchorn. general director of
the Vienna Fremdenblatt. the Mlttags
Journal and tha Allgemelne Zeitung.
the dispatches say, haa obtained con
trol of the most prominent papers In
Prague and other cities oa behalf of a
German syndicate. ,
CHICAGO. Feb. 21. In a letter read
at the Congress of National Service to
day. Ellhu Root, of New York, honorary
president of the National Security
League, said that the public should be
careful not to have Its attention dis
tracted from the intense concentration
necessary to win the war by the dis
cussion about peace terms that was ap
pearing in some of the papers and at
some gatherings.
He pointed out that there were not
only no negotiations, but no basis for
peace negotiations.
The congress, to be held under the
auspices of the National Security
League, opened a three-day session
today with delegstes present from
many states In the Union.
Face Peril. Eistrta Taft.
William H. Taft, Governor Frank O.
Lowden. 6. Stanwood Menken and hun
dreds of other delegates were present.
"The time Is coming, and we might
as well prepare to face it." declared ex
Presldent Taft, "when the seeds of dis
content will be sown, when we shall
meet disaster, when, with hellish ma
lignity, tha Germans will suggest for
fools among us a trap of inconclusive
"We must have our people educated
to stand up against that and teach th
Germans that a moral people like us
will die sooner than give up our high
Ideals. We ask no territory, no money.
no Indemnity, no additional power. We
are fighting for humanity, for the most
sacred cause since history began." '
Bolshevlkl Cited aa Example.
In his letter regretting his inability
through Illness to be present at the
congress. Mr. Root said:
Let us be warned by poor Russia's
present position. The Bolshevlkl were
very eloquent about peace 'without an
nexations or indemnities, and they
filled the minds of Russian soldiers and
workmen with the idea to such an ex
tent that they stopped fighting and
making munitions, but when they got
to Urest-LItovsk they found what the
leaders probably knew all along that
Germany had no Intention of making
any such peace. She wanted the Baltic
Head of Organization Refuses I
Submit Fully to Action of Fedcv"
Wage Adjustment Board.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 21. William L.
Hutcheson, president of the Brother
hood ot Carpenters and Joiners, to
day declined again to sign the memor
andum already signed by the 17 other
ship workers' unions giving the ship
building wage adjustment, board full
authority to settle all differences.
Instead. Hutcheson submitted a coun
ter proposal and let it be known that
until the wage adjustment board ac
cepted it he would have no further
The terms of the proposal were not
announced, but are understood to state
that the carpenters' union is willing
to leave questions of wages and hours.
but not questions of conditions of
lobor, to the Department of Labor, and
that the union will agree that all labor
be hired through the Department of
louver Says Situation
Highly Critical.
Oregon Warned of Per
nicious Organization.
Government Control of Education
Deemed Essential for Nation.
CHICAGO, Feb. 21. Federal control
of education, financing of educational
Institutions by the Government, the
teaching of patriotism directly as part
of the National system and requiring
a patriotic test of teachers themselves
were the principal measures advocated
by the educational contingent of the
delegates to. the congress of National
service of the National Security League
The meeting was presided over by
Dr. Robert M. McElnoy, head of the
department of politics and history at
Princeton University, who succeeded
President Wilson in that chair.
Reports Show That 127 Are Known
to Be Dead and 81 Missing.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 21. The first
official estimate of losses by the torpe
doing of the troopship Tuscania was
issued today through the committee on
publio Information.
It states th&re were 21 1 9 officers and
men aboard; 1971 saveo.; Known dead,
127: still unaccounted for, 81.
The unofficial compilation haa shown
13$ known dead: 13 unidentified dead
and 72 still missing, Including the un
identified dead.
(Concluded on Pine 2. Column 1.)
Xew Remedial Agent Discovered Is
Coal Tar Derivative.
NEW TORK. Feb. 21. Discovery of
a new agent as a substitute for medi
cines derived from opium was an
nounced here last night by Dr. David
L Macht. of Johns Hopkins University.
The substitute Is a coal tar derivative
and has been named benzyle bensolate.
The new agent. Dr. Macht said, relaxes
the muscles, giving the patient the
same beneficial effects as opium de
rivatives without their ill effects.
Reserve Stores Nearly Gone
Over Wide Area.
Impossibility of Moving Crops Has
Upset Law of Supply and De
mand McAdoo Disposed to
Resent Statement.
Governor Yang Tseng-Chin Issues
Warning of Trouble That May
Rival Former Rebellion.
PEKING, Saturday, Feb. 16. Bolshe
vik! from Russian Turkestan, as well
as Germans and Turks, are inflaming
the Chinese Mohammedan population of
the province of Sin Kiang. Chinese
Turkestan, against the government, ac-
i cording to a report from General Yang
Tsennr-"?hin- Oovftrnnr nf thA nrnvinnr.
The General warns the government Veteran Farmer TellS Of H0W
mat arms ana ammunition are being)
supplied by the enemy. He states Radicals Menace Freedom.
there are prospects of a Mohammedan
rebellion similar to the one which be
gan in 1861 and was successful for more :
than a decade, being suppressed by
Marquis Tso Tsung-Tang. Even the
loss of Chinese Turkestan is possible
in the General's opinion.
A special meeting of the military
leaders was held on the receipt of this I Arthur Foster, of Clyde, X". 1)., Sajs(
' WASHINGTON, Feb. 21. The East
ern part of the Cnited States faces a
food shortage likely to continue for the
next 60 days.
In making this disclosure tonight
Food Administrator Hoover declared
that the situation is the most critical
in the country's history, and that in
many of the large consuming areas re
serve toad stores are at the point of
The whole blame is put by the food
administrator on railroad congestion,
which he says also has thrown th
Food Administration far behind In its
programme for feeding the allies. The
only solution he sees is a greatly in
creased rail movement of foodstuffs,
even to the exclusion of much other
McAdoo Appears ReseatfuL
It was very evident tonight that the
railroad administration is inclined to
resent Mr. Hoover's blame of the rail
roads, and Director-General McAdoo
declared he was ready to provide every
transportation facility for expediting
food movements.
The railroad administration, he said.
had suggested that farmers be urged to
release their grain, holdings that large
numbers of available cars might be
utilized in moving them.
Cereal exports ' to the allies. Mr.
Hoover's statement says, will be 45,
000,000 bushels short on March 1, and
meat shipments also are far short of
the amount promised.
Supply and Demand Law Upset.
Inability to move the crops, Mr.
Hoover sets forth, has suspended the
law of supply and demand, and has
created a price margin between pro
ducer and consumer wider, than it ever
waa before.
A large part of the corn crop is abou
to spoil because it is not moving to
terminala for drying. The percentage
of soft corn in last year's crop, all
of which must be dried if it is to be
saved, is the largest ever known. Es
tlmates place the amount as high as
a billion bushels.
The cost of grains for feeding live
information. The War Ministry ordered
General Ma An-Liang, the most promi
nent Mohammedan General, to devise
means of combating the movement.
Xon-Partisans and I. W. YV. Give
Xo Patriotic Help and Policy
Has Made Discontent Rife.
Bill to Amend . Present Statutes In- ers
If anybody tells you that the lead-
of the National Non-Partisan
troduccd in House.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 21. A bill to
amend the Federal bank laws, designed
League are not intimately associated
with the Industrial Workers of the
World he is enther willfully misstating
the truth or does not know what ha
is talking about," declared Arthun
(Concluded on Pase 3. Column 4.)
to secure better representation of Fnstor. for 21 v..r, . former nf rivda.
ou rtaerai reserve oran N. D., ia a talk before the Insurance
directorates; increase National bank Federation of Oregon at its weekly
privileges to a wiaer scope or fiduciary luncheon at the Multnomah Hotel yes-
Business man as executor and admin- terdav
lsiraior ana to ciarny existing law in "Last June A. C. Townley, president,
others ways, was introduced today by and other officers of the Non-Partisan
Chairman Glass, of the house banking I League entered into a contract with
ana currency committee. the leadens of the Industrial Workers
of the World to supply the farmers
of North Dakota with 25,000 harvest
hands at ft a day for 10 hours' work
on a basis oc wheat selling at si.bu
a bushel.
"Townley then asked the farmers to
ratify the contract. It was approved In
some sections, but rejected in others
u-hrA fnrmora snti!ri not affnpfl frt nir
ington, Feb. 21. Senator Chamberlain's fhn At MInt hwv. , nf
ra"a lo is regaraea oy nis th( BtronKest I w. w. town8 lQ the
jjuyaiciaiiB as BaiiBiuciory. ne is rest
lng more easily than at any previous I r tified
time since nis operation.
Last night he suffered considerably,
but showed improvement this morning
Mr. Chamberlain's Condition Is Re
garded Satisfactory by Doctors.
country, the contract was promptly
. Townley's Words Quoted.
"In submitting this plan to the farm-
and appears to have made progress rs Townley admitted that in bring-
throughout the day and early evening. ln ,nto tnB slate sucn a lare
Der or industrial iworxers ot me
World it - was to ba exrjected that a
BAKER TO HAVE ELEVATOR f6W criminals would be included, but
he assured the same farmers that tne
Farmers of Valley Subscribe $2300 7 , criminals among me x.
be found among the bankers, news
paper publishers or any other class of
BAKER, Or., Feb. 21. (Special) At business men anywhere.'
It you people in Oregon permit the
Non-Partlsan League to come into your
state you will bring Into, your midst
numerous I. W. W., for the Non-Partisan
League and the I. W. W., as the people
of North Dakota have observed, are
one. They are associated and working
together and you do not find one with
out the other."
League Causes Much Harm.
Mr Fostpr ftmnha.tip.ftllv denied tha
Injured in Chinese Province Number assertion8 Df Townley and his associ
ates that the Non-Partisan League ia
patriotic by pointing out that, aside
from the league's affiliation with the
I. W. W., It was significant that in
North Dakota none of the members of
the league had been in any way iden
tified with the direction of liberty loan
or Red Cross drives or other patriotio
wartime activities.
Mr. Foster further charged that the
organization bad achieved nothing of
substantial benefit for the people of
North Dakota, but, on the contrary, had
caused endless harm by preaching the
gospel of discontent and appealing to
a meeting held last night by the farm
ers of Missouri Flat, S 2300 for the erec
tion of a grain elevator was subscribed.
The elevator is to be built by the
Farmers' Milling Company, which Is
made up of some of the most prominent
ranchers in the Baker Valley.
2 000; Several Villages Razed.
AMOi, China, Feb. 21. Latest re
ports from Swatow give the number of
dead from the recent earthquake as 600
and the injured as more than 2000.
Several villages in the Amoy hinter
land were virtually wiped out.
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 41
degrees; minimum, 2v degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; moderately easterly winds.
Ellhu Root warns Americans against peril
of peace talk. Fage 1.
General Greene, back from France, optl
mlstic over outlook on wet front. Page 2.
Russian cities fall before Irresistible advance
of Germans in Russia. Page 1.
Chinese Moslems in Sin Kiang threaten in
surrection. Page 1.
German plot to start labor insurrection In
France exposed. Page 4.
Carpenters' union head refuses to submit to
wage adjustment board. Page 1.
Government ownership of railroads defeated
in Senate. Page 3.
General Pershing to get mules and equlP'
ment Irom Spain, page 1.
War finance corporation bill reported by
committee. Page 8.
Hoover announces Eastern part of United
States faces food crisis. Page 1.
Millions stolen In Natton-wlde plot of Army
uniform manufacturers, page 4.
Union labor promises to respond promptly
to call for 250,000 snlpworlters. Page 2.
Montana Judge summoned to answer dis
loyalty charges before House of Repre
sentatives. Page 5. -Boort.
Pacific Coasc International League's size I
depends on vote of Spokane magnate.
Page 14.
Lefty" James may play with Shipbuilders' I
League. Page 14.
Vancouver hockey team to meet Portland I
here tonight. Page 14.
1 Northwest.
Northwest livestock growers meet at Spo
kane lor three days session. Page 14.
Vancouver, Wash., plans to be cleanest city.
Page 7.
Commercial and Marine.
Cold storage stocks of poultry in Northwest
less than year ago. Page 19.
Chicago Board of Trade fixes maximum oats
price at 93 cents. Page la.
Strong advances in all issues of liberty
bonds. Page 1.
Big composite steamer Harney Is launched.
Page o.
Portland and Vicinity.
Red" Rupert sentenced to serve one to
three years In penitentiary, page .
Lincoln High School honors its young men
gone to war. Page 11.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 14.
Non-partisans and I. W. W. said to be in
league. Page 1.
Present day church sick, says Dr. John H.
Boyd. Page 6.
Attack on advisory board doctors stirs Indig
nation. Page 13.
Red Cross surgical dressing workroom closes.
i Concluded on Page
Column 3.)
Few Americans have a clear
idea of how men live In the Navy
of the daily routine of the boys
behind the guns.
The Oregonian offers you a
glimpse behind the scenes a free
book on life in the Navy, pub
lished by the Government. This
little book tells what a United
States sailor must be physically;
how he is trained; how he lives;
how much he Is paid; how the
Navy educates him; the rewards
he earns by distinguished service.
There are 20 striking illustra
tions of Navy life, on the battle
ships and on land, including a
full-page picture of the monster
Pennsylvania, one of the half
dozen most powerful fighting ma
chines in the world.
This book on the Navy should
be in the hands of every patriotic
American. Here is an up-to-date,
minute account of life in the
Navy, at a time when the Navy is
fighting day and night for you.
A copy of this official booklet
will be mailed free to you if you
will send a request to The Port
land Oregonian Information Bu
reau, Washington, D. C, enclos-
lng 2-cent stamp for return post
age. The Free War Book, contain
ing recipes and Information on
how to serve yourself and your
country. Is still available. Send
2-cent stamp for postage to The
Portland Oregonian Information
Bureau, Washington. X. C, and
it will be mailed to you.
Do not send your request to
The Oregonian at Portland. Fol
low above directions.
.. - y