Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE alOXiXIXG OREGOXIAX, 3IOXDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1917,
BIG POWER PLANT
Mammoth Hydro - Electrical
Works at Copco, Cal.,to
Be Opened Dec. 1.
ENERGY FOR S. P. ASSURED
Enterprise, Finished, AVill Repre
sent Expenditure of $2,000,000.
Gold Rush Expected to
IfEDFORD. Or.. Oct. 7. (Special.)
An electrical power plant which it la
expected will eventually pull the boutn
rn Pacific trains over the Siskiyou
Mountains is nearing completion at
Copco. just across the California line.
The date of the opening has been post
poned to December 1. due to delays in
shipments of necessary material be
cause of the war.
For three years the Californla-Ore-
r fron Power Company has been working
on this power plant. The officers of
the company believe that when com
pleted they will have a power plant
which for economy of power produc
tion and perfection of mechanical de
tail cannot be equaled anywhere in
the country. There are larger plants,
they say, but none better adapted to the
production of electrical power.
Many years ago the late K. H. Harri
man Investigated the power sites along
the Klamath River, upon which the
Copco plant is situated, and thousands
of dollars were spent in preliminary
work. But Mr. llarriman is said to
have decided that when the time for
electrification of the Southern T'acific
lines, particularly over the Sirkiyou
grade, came. It would be better to buy
power from some independent company.
The Copco plant will be ready with the
power when the railroad company is
ready for electrification, and this prob
ably will not be far hence.
Copco Ideal Power Site.
Copco was selected for the power
plant because by nature it is an Ideal
power plant site. The Klamath River
At this point flows through a narrow
Srap between two hillsides, the spanning
of this gap alone being necessary to
provide a perfect natural reservoir.
When the dam is completed there will
be. a lake formed running back over
the foothills covering thousands of
acres, a lake, by the way, which prom
ises to be a mecca for the duck hunter,
the fisherman, and perhaps some time,
the oarsman, for a finer body of water
for a regatta protected by the high
hills could scarcely be imagined.
All this land had to be purchased or
condemned by the power company, and
already ranchers up the river who have
driven their cows along the quiet little
Klamath are moving their buildings
and stock off the land soon to be cov
ered by water.
The power plant when completed will
represent an investment of $2,000,000.
P. O. Crawford has been the engineer in
charge, assisted by J. C. Boyne, the
former a graduate of Stanford, the lat
ter a Berkeley man. Hermann Shuss
ler, who designed the dam, also de
signed the Crystal Springs dam, famous
for having gone through the San Fran
cisco earthquake without a crack.
City and II nil rend Bnllt.
The California-Oregon Power Com
pany in building this power plant has
also built a city and a railroad. The
city is Copco, a place of 700 souls, with
all the conveniences of a modern vil
lage. Including the ubiquitous moving
picture show. Three hundred men have
been employed on the plant, and that
the men have appreciated life on the
Klamath River is indicated by the fact
that no labor troubles have delayed
operations for a minute.
The railroad, a standard-gauge af
fair, was built from Copco to Thrall on
the Southern Pacific, a distance of 14
miles. Incidentally, a trestle 112 feet
high had to be constructed and special
cars built to carry the heavy machin
ery. Some idea of the size of the plant
may be obtained from the fact that
there were 20 carloads of waterwheels
alone, and 22 carloads of electrical ma
chinery, while some of the smaller
electrical parts weighed 9S00 pounds.
Capacity to Be Increased.
The plant will open with generation
of 25,000 horsepower and be increased
to 50,000 horsepower by a subsidiary
station a quarter of a mile further
down the river. According to officers
of, the company a valuable feature of
the new plant is that every 20 hours
there will be accumulated enough
power to give 25,000 horsepower for
four hours, which will be particularly
well adapted for taking the ro-called
"lighting load" without impairing the
normal efficiency of the plant. The
lighting load averages four hours, from
6 to 9 and from 8 to 12, for example.
This peculiar advantage, according to
electrical engineers, will also be a val
uable feature in railroad electrification,
- as the maximum demand comes only
at certain hours during the day, esti
mated at 30,000 horsepower maximum
for one hour.
The dam proper is made of reinforced
concrete, the foundation having been
drilled 142 feet into the solid rock.
The dam is 130 feet high, the width at
the bottom is 94 feet and at the top
335 feet. The thickness of the dam
wall is 22 feet at the top and 90 feet
at he bottom.
The Copco plant has long been an ob
ject of admiration to the engineering
profession, but being constructed in
an isolated part of the country, has
been practically unheard-of either
among the people of Northern Califor
nia or Southern Oregon. It has been
favorably passed upon by United States
engineers and the California Railroad
Commission, but until recently prac
tically no one in the Rogue River
Valley had even heard of Copco.
Gold II u M h In Expected.
A miner from the Blue Ledge district
brought the first news, not of the dam,
but of the gold rush that the comple
tion of the dam will bring about. For
nearly a month the Klamath River
will he checked at Copco, while It fills
up the gigantic reservoir. This will
reduce the Klamath River west of
Hornbrook, Cal., from a wide and
turbulent river to a meandering creek.
According to local records nearly $40,
000.000 worth of gold has been taken
from the river by wing-damming and
panning, over the bars, but a large pro
portion of the gold-bearing areas have
not been reached because of the high
The completion of the dam will open
these areas to the prospector. Parties
of prospectors have already been
formed in Medford and it is expected
that hundreds of them will flock to
. the river from all parts of the Coast.
F. W. Carnahan, of the Blue Ledge
mine, declares there should be a repe
tition of the Nome gold rush, but this
seems hardly probable.
The Copco dam will have the unique
distinction, however, of not only bene
fiting the country round about by con
verting water into electric power, but
by offering a liberal supply of gold for
those industrious enough to pick it up
and pan it out.
BIG COPCO POWER PLANT NEAR1NG COMPLETION AT SOUTHERN
...-awe , ,
3 --5i W
. . . y w
yy i-y ( y
J V. ' A ? ' 4 yVg ri
- I -:w". " ' ' v-.. ;
TOP, DAM SHOWING AT RIGHT NEW RIVER CHWXEL THROUGH
MOUNTAINS. BELOW CONCRETE MIXERS AT ROCK PLANT.
NEW FORTUNES ON WAY
WAR PRICES OK COTTON MAKES
RICHES IN FIELD APPARENT.
Crop Average Only Slightly Inereafied
Over Last Lear, but Values
Soar to High Point.
LOS ANGELES. Oct. 3. A survey of
the ripening fields of cotton in Impe
rial Valley, made by cotton experts,
has resulted in an estimate of 65,000
bales for the new crop.
This is slightly In excess of the pro-,
duction last year. It means that at
the present price of cotton and cotton
seed the growers of the valley will re
ceive in the neighborhood of $, 250,000
gross for their crop.
Cotton picking, ginning and com
pressing is proceeding at a rapid rate.
Cotton pickers and their families are
going into the valley In large parties.
Within a week, it is believed, there will
be 2000 pickers and haulers busy get
ting the fiber to the gins.
Before the high water upset the
plans of the Imperial Irrigation Dis
trict to have their new intake gate
completed before Summer, the esti
mate of the yield of cotton was from
75,000 to 90,000 bales. Being obliged
to concentrate their forces and funds
on fighting floods, the district was un
able to finish the gate in time to ben
efit the immense acreage, and some of
it suffers from short water, which cut
down the yield several thousand bales.
The acreage planted to cotton this
year was 122.000 acres. This was an
increase of 45,000 acres over the plant
ing of last season. An extra heavy d3
mand for water for a mllo crop on
121,000 acres was also partly responsi
ble for a slightly decreased yield per
acre of cotton this year.
About 4500 acre-feet of water is be
ing supplied the farmers at present,
and with the milo brought to ripeness
the cotton men are getting plenty of
water, and an optimistic view of tlje
situation is held by cotton men.
The price of spot middling cotton In
New York is 22 cents. The price in
the valley is 21 cents, with a great de
mand for the extra fine Imperial fiber.
A crop of 65,000 bales would bring
$6,825,000 gross. Cottonseed, of which
there are about 1500 pounds to the
bale, is more valuable this year than
ever before. Growers are getting $51
per ton for It. The cottonseed would
therefore bring $2,437,500.
Manager G. W. West, of the Calexico
Cotton Compress Company, which fin
ishes most of the bales ginned in the
valley, is inclined to believe that the
estimate of 65,000 bales is correct, and
that cotton farmers of the valley will
reap a great profit this year because
of the advanced price, which was 15
cents at this time last year.
"I am inclined to believe that the
cry of loss from short water is unwar
ranted." said Mr. West. "From what I
have seen, we will have as much cot
ton as we had last yea"r, and probably
a few thousand bales more. Some of
the fields hit by the temporary water
shortage will recover in a great meas
ure. We have compressed 768 bales
Manager G. F. Martin, of the Impe
rial Compress, said that -from reports
of the growers in his vicinity the crop
would yield about half a ton to the
acre this year, a yield in excess of the
average throughout the cotton-producing
sections of the country.
Manager Wardlaw, of the C-M ranch,
said that, although water conditions
had cut down the yield on many
ranches in Lower California, the grow
ers were satisfied because of the high
er price. In the neighborhood of 70,
000 acres were planted to cotton in the
Mexican part of the Imperial Valley
The acre return in California for the
season just passed was $80, one-third
more than the average of the state
next ranking, .and nearly three times
the average acre return of the United
States, according rt the United States
Bureau of Census, Department of Agri
culture. The yield per acre averaged
400 pounds, with Virginia next with
310 pounds per acre.
Long, staple cotton, which brings a
price almost double tnat of the short
staple, is raised on 9000 acres in the
vaMey this year. Egyptian cotton, the
price of which is now 58 cents per
pound, is raised by a few farmers.
The cotton farmers of the valley
- - J,ja-'-ii
2 BS 'vl
have set a price of $1.25 per 100
pounds for picking short staple cotton
and $1.50 for long staple. No price has
yet been set for the Egyptian. At this
price many of the pickers last year
averaged $5 to $7 per day. Many of
the growers are paying $1.50 to $1.75
per 100 pounds. Labor Agent Daven
port has arranged for the transporta
tion of scores of families, cotton pick
ers, from Oklahoma and Texas, where
the cotton crop in some sections is not
worth the picking.
5 KILLED IN MOTOR CLASH
Mystery Marks Collision of Car and
SCHENECTADY, Oct. 1. Coroners of
Schenectady and Albany counties are
investigating a mysterious automobile
accident in which five men were killed
and a sixth injured just outside this
city about 1:30 o'clock the other morn
ing on the Albany road. The dead: John
Beck, 25; Stephen Millham, Earl Litzen
dorff, 19; Cornelius Coughlin. 20, all of
this city, and William Watson, a farm
er, residing near here.
The injured man is Percy H. Tucker.
No witnesses to the accident, which
Involves one automobile, a farmer's
wagon and possibly a second machine.
have been found. The machine in which
the dead men were riding bore the
number of A-46-799, and in looking
over the scene of the accident, another
license plate numbered B-45-960 was
discovered, which leads to the belief
that a second machine was involved.
The farmer's wagon was smashed to
splinters, and he was hurled at least
50 feet. Tucker is delirious and unable
to shed any light on the accident.
CHAMBER ADJUSTS CASES
Xew American Body in London
Forms Friendly Relations.
LONDON, Sept 30. The recently or
ganized American Chamber of Com
merce in London, although a young
body, already has forrrffcd friendly re
lations with the Board of Trade and
other departments of the British Gov
ernment. Several questions involving
the interests of American residents and
firms have been discussed by the com
mittees of the chamber with the gov
ernment. These included questions of
taxation, difficulties which had arisen
in the enforcement of the blockade, and
the issuing of licenses for the importa
tion of American products. The cham
ber was able to adjust several long
standing cases between American firms
and the government.
The chamber recently has taken Bpa
cious quarters on Regent street in the
heart of London. It is expected that
these rooms will become a base for the
activities of American business men
who visit England after the war. At
present the number of travelers is
small, and most of them come on gov
ernment business, instead of the cus
tomary peace time enterprises.
Bars Closed on Mexico's Fourth.
MEXICO CITY. Sept. 30. Drunken
ness was absolutely eliminated from
the 107th celebration of the anniversary
of Mexico's independence. All bars, sa
loons and places where liquor Is sold
were closed on the night of September
14, and were not reopened until Sep
tember 16. On the night of September
15, when the president of the republic
rang the same bell used by Hidalgo to
summon the people when he proclaimed
the independence of Mexico from Spain,
the Zocalo or plaza before the National
Palace was filled with a crowd of over
55,000 persons and it is believed there
was not an intoxicated person among
them. Throughout the three days of
celebration, the streets of the capital
were filled with people, horns were
blown, confetti was scattered, horse
play was indulged in, but there were
no serious disorders.
Xew Mexican Treasurer Named.
MEXICO CITY, Sept. 30. Francisco
M. Gonzales, now a Senator from the
state of Tamaulipas, has been named
by President Carranza as treasurer of
Mexico. He will replace Nicefero Zam
brano, who resigned that post to be
come Governor of Nuevo Leon.
CAMPAIGN ON lil
With Dynamic Speech Judge
McGinn Rallies Farmers
LIBERTY LOAN IS THEME
Men of All Parties XTrged to Get
Behind President and Right
All Wrongs Done by
NEWBERO, Or., Oct. 7. (Special.)
Like a modern Peter Cartwright. Judge
Henry E. McGinn came to tha Chehalem
Valley today and exhorted the people.
His message was that of patriotism,
but he drew "vivid lessons from the
scriptures and announced a text. Like
the famed circuit rider of beloved
memory, too, he applied his sermon
address to practical things and aroused
enthusiasm for the second liberty loan.
When he finished W. V. Dolph, a
farmer and chairman of the meeting,
said every home in the Chehalem Val
ley would enshrine a liberty bond. Some
made voluntary pledges at the meeting.
Mrs. Mianda Smith, a pioneer of 1845,
who attended, claimed the honor of
subscribing for the first bond and this
was accorded her.
Judge McGinn fired the opening gun
of the Oregon campaign for bonds.
The meeting was held under the oak
trees at the West Chehalem School, and
Judge McGinn spoke in the pen. Farm
ers came from 10 and 15 miles away to
hear the message of Americanism.
North Yamhill was represented and the
countryside turned out generously. Ap
plause was frequent and enthusiasm
Significant, too. was the choice of
the Chehalem Valley for the keynote
speech of the bond campaign. The
meeting had an historical setting, for
within sight of today's meeting place
sleeps Ewing Young, his grave. marked
by a giant oak tree that sprang from
an acorn that Mrs. Smith planted many
years ago. When Ewing Young, an
early pioneer, died, the disposition of
his property aroused the settlers to the
need of some sort of government, and
the formation of the provisional gov
Copperhead Are Flayed.
Judge McGinn first spoke scathingly
of the copperheads who, he said, are in
our midst today. He called to his aid
the ringing lines from the book of
Judges on the oppressing of Israel for
"Curse ye, Meroz, said the angel of
the Lord; curse ye bitterly the inhab
itants thereof; because they came not
to the help of the Lord, to the help of
the Lord against the mighty."
"We are out here to preach the
necessity of getting behind the liberty
bonds," said Judge McGinn. "Now is
the day of salvation; now is the accept
"Whether Democrat, Republican, pro
hibitionist or mugwump, we are going
to get behind the President and uphold
his hands until the sun goes down for
ever upon the field of battle.
"Every wrong that has been done by
Prussia we have the honor to avenge.
We want to be with humanity, on hu
manity's side, and we stand there to
day. With England and France we are
Joined in battle at Armageddon. We
x iicre is no use in ,
putting on an expensive roof when you can
get a better roof and save real money by using
CERTAIN-TEED is the best roof, not only because it costs less to manufacture,
but also because it is weathertight, light weight, clean, sanitary, fire-retardant,
and costs practically nothing to maintain.
It is now used as the preferable type of roof for office buildines, factories, hotels, stores,
warehouses, garages, farm buildings etc., where durability is demanded. CERTAIN-TEED
is guaranteed for 5, 10 or 15 years, according to thickness (1,2 'or 3 ply).
There are many roll roofings on the market, but only one CERTAIN-TEED. It pays to get
the best. It costs no more to lay a CERTAIN-TEED roof than it does to lay a poor roof,
but there is a vast difference in the wear. You can't tell the quality of a roofing by looks or
feeL Your only safety is the label. Be sure that it is CERTAIN-TEED then you mre
certain of quality and guaranteed satisfaction.
CER TAIN-TEED PRODUCTS CORPORATION
New York. Chicajro. Philadelphia. St. Lou!.. Bo.ton. Clarel). Pittsbtmrh. Datroit. Buffalo. San Franeiaco. Milwaolcaa.
Cincinnati. New 'Orleans. UiAnnlet, Minneapolis, KansaaCitr. Seattle, Indianapolis. Atlanta. Mamnhii. ,.-,,
" Kanma. natsviUa. Salt Lak.
want the nations of this earth to agree,
and support it with an armed force,
that peace must be preserved forever
"We have put heart into France,
which was bled white by the fierceness
of the struggle glorious France, the
land of Lafayette and Rochambeau and
the rest of the patriots of Revolution
ary days, and we will pay back with
interest, and with compound interest;
the debt we owe that gallant people.
America In Good Company.
"If England has committed the un
pardonable sin, the way she came to
the relief of Belgium would have re
deemed her. Are we in good company?
Yes, we are.
"With my lineage, when my earliest
recollections are those connected with
the struggle for Irish freedom, do I
condone the crimes against my an
cestors? "This is not the time for me to judge
of that. 'Vengeance is mine, saith the
Lord. I will repay." England is doing
the best work in which she ever en
gaged." Judge McGinn likened the Kaiser to
the school bully who has his way with
his less belligerent playmates until
some big, good-natured pupil comes to
school and finally whips him. He said
the United States is to play this role
and that when Uncle Sam gets through,
the Kaiser and the Hohenzollerns will
find the greatest mistake they ever
made was in arousing the giant of the
"Our men must be equipped and sup
plied from home if the giant, now
rousing from slumber, is to win his
glorious victory," he said.
"They used to talk of bloated bond
holders. Well, we want you all to be
bondholders, but not bloated. I don't
know much about bonds. I never
owned one in my life, but I am going
to manage somehow to scratch enough
together to get some.
Valley's Loyalty Assured.
"It is something like a home-coming
to me," Judge McGinn concluded, "to
meet so many old friend3 here. I know
that this valley, which has given so
many great men to the state and the
Nation, will not fail in the present
Rev. H. G. Crocker delivered the in
vocation for the meeting, and after the
song, "Keep the Home Fires Burning,"
Chairman Dolph introduced J. U. Smith,
whose family was one of the very first
to settle in the Chehalem Valley. Mr.
Smith described it as an outpost of
civilization in the early days, and said
it was fitting the bond campaign should
be inaugurated there.
Chairman Dolph, in presenting Judge
McGinn, said there was only one kind
of patriotism worth while, dynamic
patriotism. He said he felt the same
spirit that hovered over Independence
Hall in Philadelphia at the birth of
the Nation was at the meeting, and that
its appeal would not be, in vain.
At the close of the meeting Chairman
Dolph fired questions at leading citi
zens in the audience, asking them if
they would take bonds, and the an
swer was promptly answered in the
affirmative. Archie Seely, J. U. Smith,
Charles Waide and others were put on
this early roll of honor.
Banks Ready to Assist.
S. L. Parrett, president of the United
States National Bank, of Newberg, said
all the banks of the city would handle
bond subscriptions without cost or
profit to themselves. He said they
would loan money at a special interest
rate and would aid subscribers in every
The perfect weather, with the Che
halem Mountains smiling a benediction
through the October sunshine upon the
meeting, the evident enthusiasm and
the early pledges to buy bonds, are all
taken as an augury of success in the
state-wide campaign to follow.
Judge McGinn will give as much of
his time as he possibly can to the work,
which is close to his heart. Tonight
he will speak at Astoria and a meeting
later in the week will be arranged for
him at The Dalles if he can manage to
attend. Other speakers are to be en
listed to hold mass meetings in every
county of the state.
Read The Oregonian classified ads.
Jii'''''' tf ,
( LWs IVlnin. fl rw.k.tu I -.J C
DRAFT ARMY ARRIVING
SEVEN SPECIAL TRAINS CARUV
3550 MEN TO CAMP LEWIS.
Thousands of Soldiers Spend Day in
Tieoma, bat No Disorder Occurs
Among Drafted Troops.
TACOMA. Oct. 7. Seven special
trains brought 3550 men of the new
National Army to Camp Lewis today
between noon and 5 o'clock. It was a
record v for reception of men at the
camp, the congestion being due to de
layed trains, but so perfect is the or
ganization now that there was no con
fusion. The total of draft men at the camp is
now approximately 33,400.
Ten Piute Indians and several Mexi
cans were In the contingent from Inyo
A steady stream of men flowed in
both directions between the camp and
Tacoma today, and despite the thou
sands of soldiers who spent the night
and day in the city, there was no dis
order. The provost guard patrolling
the downtown district arrested several
men found on the street without leaves
LABOR UNREST SUBSIDES
Member of Lloyd George Cabinet
Sees Great Improvement.
LONDON. Sept. 15. (Correspondence
of the Associated Press.) "Things are
gradually settling down in the British
industrial world and I have no fear
that there will be any great upheaval
in labor circles," said G. J. Wardle, the
new representative of the Labor party
in the Lloyd George Cabinet, in an in
terview the other day. He was asked
about the "labor unrest" which has
been much talked about in the news
papers of late.
"Here and there," he said, "in this or
that trade, in one district or another,
some signs of unrest are noticeable, it
ia true. But such unrest is slowly yet
appreciably giving way before the new
spirit which is beginning to animate
both sides in the treatment of labor
"The great necessity of the times is
that the new spirit of sympathy, for
bearance and understanding should be
more and more diffused among all
grades connected with our industries.
It should actuate the government in its
approach to labor difficulties. It should
be equally the spirit in which employ
ers listen to their employes. Effort
must also be made to insure its per
meating into every rank of labor itself.
"What must be granted is labor's
claim to some sort of share in the con
trol of industry. There are some ex
tremists that claim labor should have
full control, and logically there may
be much to be said for that position,
but as things are it would be disas
trous to jump from one extreme to the
other. But it is altogether, desirable
and necessary that labor should have
some part, that it should enter into co
partnership with capital in some way
"What are the grievances of British
labor in these days? For one thing,
high prices must be taken into account:
the workingman's budget gives him and
his wife much anxiety nowadays. A
more serious trouble is the long hours
entailed by the demands of the war.
"But perhaps the most real cause of
unrest is that there is too much cen
tralization in the industrial world, alike
among employers and employes. De
partments, committees, conferences, the
system of representation all prevent
the opinions of the individuals from
getting to the center. That is why we
see the labor leaders so often disa
vowed by the men themselves. Some
thing must be done to put those in
control Into toieh with local feeling
and local complaints.
"That is why I lay stress on the new
I . u "
is possible through a
- Pay all bills by check,
the safe, convenient and
Open a checking account
with this old - established
and strong bank.
Checking accounts of
ladies are invited.
Subscribe today for a
Liberty Loan Bond of $50
Washington and Third
spirit that I see beginning to prevail
in our industrial situation. That is
why I have great hopes, if only that
spirit can be extended downwards and
upwards, if only a closer rapport can
be brought about between the different
grades of labor and the world of in
dustry. The workman must feel that
he has an interest, a voice, a share in
the management of his particular in
dustry. Then I do not think we need
have any fear of violence and revolu
WU TING-FANG GIVES VIEWS
Former Chinese Minister Regards
Kiioini titans Party of Liberty.
SHANGHAI, Aug. 1. Dr. Wu Ting
fang has issued a statement as to his
political views, indicating that he Is
not a member of any particular party,
although lie sympathizes with many
tenets of the Kuomintang in its present
struggle against the Chinputang. Dr.
Wu Ting-fang says he regards the
Kuomintang as being the party which
is supporting liberty and democracy in
the present domestic struggle in China,
and is sympathetic with Its position on
tile vital issues now at stake.
Dr. Wu Ting-fang insistently has re
fused to have anything to do with the
present government, formed under the
direction of Premier Tuan Chi-jui,
whom he regards aa a military dictator.
Phono your want ads to The Orego
nian. Main 7070. A 60H5.
Certam- tec J
are supplanting wood and
slate shingles for residences.
They cost less, are just, as
good looking, wear better,
wont fall off, buckle or split.
They are fire-retardant, and
do not have to be painted or
are the best quality paint ma
terials, ground and mixed with
mechanical accuracy. Made
for all uses and in all colors.
With paint, as with roofing,
Certain-teed" is a guarantee
of quality and satisfaction.