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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. IVII. XO. 17,742.
PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDXESDAY, OCTOBER - 3, 1917.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
EVERY LEADER IN
EIGHT OR MORE DIE
IN CALIFORNIA FIRE
HIGHER RANK FOR
SENATE PROMPT IN
FIR FOR AIRPLANES
TO BE GIVEN TRIAL
OREGON STAGE SET
FOR BIG BOND DRIVE
FOOD FIELD AGENT
VOTING WAR TAXES
TOWN OF FILLMORE IN" PATH
OF RISHIXG FLAMES.
SCHOOL DIRECTOR TO ORGAN
MILLION FEET IS ORDERED BY
IZE STATE WORK.
ace Gone Mad on
BETRAYAL POPULARITY PRICE
Kaiser's Agents Work in Open
and Are Not Molested.
MEN FREED TURN TYRANTS
Mrs. Khcta Cliildc Dorr Gives First
Hand Information of Danger
That Entente Nations Face
From Untrustworthy Ally.
BY MRS. TtHETA CHILDE DORR.
Copyright, 1(117. by the New York Evening
.Mall. .Published by arranKementJ.
All my life I have been an admiring:
student of the French revolution, and
I have feverently wished that I might
have lived in the
Paris of that time
to witness, even as
a humble spectator,
the downfall of au
tocracy and the
birth of a people's
Well I have lived
for three months in
the capital of revo
I have seen a rev
olution which pre-
Bents the most
Mrs. Rheta Chllde
with the French
revolution both in
men and events. I have seen the down
fall of autocracy and the birth of lib
erty much greater than the French ever
aspired to. I have seen the fondest
dream of the Socialists suddenly come
true, and the dream turned out to be a
nightmare such as I pray that this or
any country may forever be spared.
Freeman Turns Tyrant.
I saw a people delivered from one
Aclass tyranny deliberately hasten to es-
-blish another,- quite as brutal and as
fjnmindful of 'the common good as the
.fold one. 1 saw these people, led Out of
. i j .. ...... . t i r ; .. l ; v.
1 uduiug uvnuac, use 1 1 1' 1 1 Altai, iiu-
rty to oust the wise and courageous
statesmen who had delivered them.
I saw a working class which had
been oppressed under Czardom itself
turn oppressor: an army that had been
starved and betrayed use Its freedom to
starve and betray its own people. I saw
elected delegates to the people's coun
ells turn into sneak thieves and looters.
I saw law and order and decency and
all regard for human life or human
rights set aside, and I saw responsible
statesmen in powcr.allow all this to go
on, allow their country to rush toward
an abyss of ruin and shame because
they were afraid to lose popularity
with the mob.
. German Agrentn Active.
The government has been ao afraid
of losing the support of the mob that
it has permitted the country to be
overrun by German agents posing as
Socialists. These agents have spent
fortunes in the separate peace propa
ganda alone. They have demoralized
the army, corrupted the workers in the
fields and factories and put machine
guns In the hands of fanatical dream
ers, sending them out into the streets
to murder their own friends and neigh
Every one knew who these men were.
but the mob liked their "line of talk'
and the government was afraid to touch
them. After the last occasion when, at
their behest, the Bolshevikis went out
and shot up Petrograd, Lenine, the arch
leader and some ot his principal gang
sters deemed It the part of discretion to
retire from Russia temporarily, and
they got to Sweden without the slight
est difficulty, no attempt having been
made to stop them. Some of the mlno
employes of tho Kaiser were arrested
among them a woman in whose name
the bank account appeared to be. But
she, too, and probably all the others,
were later released.
Liemj la Well Informed.
A government like this cannot bring
- 3fc if
v peace ana oraer into a distracted na
I tion. It cannot establish a democracy
f It cannot govern. The sooner the al
V lied countries realize this the better
T it will be for Russia and for the world
1 that wants peace. It is not because
I am unfriendly to Russia that I write
thus. It is because I am friendly, be
cause I have faith in the future o
the Russian people, because I believe
m iimi men eAermieiil ill popular gov
l ernment, if it succeeds, will be as i
jf expiring to the rest of the world as ou
own was In the eighteenth century.
I think the most unkind thing an
friend of Russia can do is to minimize
or conceal the facts about the terrible
upheaval going on there at the pres
cnt time. Russia looks to the Ameri
can people for help in her troubled
hour, and if the American people are
to help they will have to understan
the situation. No discouragement to
the allies, no assistance to the com
mon enemy, need result from a plai
statement of the facts. The enemy
knows all the facts already.
Road to Petroprad Clear.
The German agents have earned the!
money for once and have kept th
home office well informed of the
successes. Germany knows that the
road to Petrograd is clear before he
(, Concluded on Face 3. Column 1J
Refugee Reports Seeing Ten Per
sons Burned ot Death In One
Group, Caught in Hills.
FILLMORE. Cal., Oct. 2 Eight lives
were reported lost tonight in a forest
fire which started in the hills back
of Fillmore today and is now moving
towards the town down the Little
It is reported here that the fire has
urned over 12 miles.
The eight reported dead were said to
e employed at various oil camps in the
hills back of here.
The fire started today at the head of
Piru Canyon and despite the frantic
efforts of a. large force of firefighters
urned steadily westward toward the
Little Sespe River.
At 9:30 tonight the fire was within
wo miles of this town and was beyond
control of the army of firefighters, who
were being driven in toward the city
Fire Warden Beer said a. refugee
from one of the oil camps who arrived
ere tonight reported he had seen ten
persons in one group burned to death.
GIRLS BEATEN AND GAGGED
Seattle Women in Homo Districts
Terrified by Recent Attacks.
SEATTLE, Wash., Oct. ' 2. Uncon
scious from a blow over' the head.
Miss Esther Thayer, IS, was found
bound and gagged in the basement of
er home this afternoon. When she re
gained consciousness she said she had
gone to the door in response to a
knock and a man seized her by the
throat and beat her. Her assailant fled
when the girl's grandmother ap
This is the third attack of this
nature in Seattle in the last ten days
and women in the outlying residential
districts are terror-stricken.
SENATOR WILL TAKE REST
President Writes Note of Sympathy
to Mr. Chamberlain.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash-
ngton, Oct. 2. Senator Chamberlain
today received a letter from President
Wilson, reading: "I have been dis
tressed sincerely to hear of your Ill
ness. I heard of it only yesterday
and hope that you are going to come
out of it without the necessity of an
Senator Chamberlain continues to
mprove and expects to leave his apart
ment in a day or two, though he does
not contemplate resuming work until
after he has had a rest and vacation.
RADIO OUTFIT IS SEIZED
Hindus Resist Invasion of Boarding
House Materials Vsed Recently.
SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 2. Afte
being forced to break down the fron
door of the place because of resistance
offered by a number of Hindus within
a police officer and a Deputy United
States Marshal seized a fully equipped
radio outfit in a Hindu boarding-house
here today. No arrests were made.
According to the raiding officers the
outfit had been recently used to send
messages, in violation of strict orders
of the War Department.
VALUABLE PACER KILLED
King Zerlock, $1000 Horse, Falls
on Eugene Street.
EUGENE, Or., Oct. 2. (Special.)
King Zerlock, a pacing horse that
figured prominently in events at the
Salem State Fair, was . accidentally
killed here today by a fall on a paved
street. The animal was owned by Ed
Dennison, of Portland, and was valued
The horse had been entered for the
2:12 and 2:18 pacing races at the Lane
NEW MEDICAL UNIT IS AIM
School of Spondylotherapy Wants
Nervous Ailments Studied.
CHICAGO, Oct. 2. The American As
sociation for the Study of Spondylo
therapy today announced that a fund
of $300,000 is being started to outfit t
medical unit for the Army.
The unit will specialize in the treat
ment of nervous ailments resulting
from shock and other causes peculiar
to battle. '
SOLDIER DIES IN PRACTICE
Hand Grenade Goes Off Prema
turely at Expedition Camp.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 2. General Per
shing cabled the War Department that
Corporal Ernest F. Hart, signal corps
was killed behind the front In France
yesterday by the premature discharge
of a hand grenade at practice. Corporal
Hart's home was Oxford. N. C.
SWEDISH CABINET QUITS
King Gustavo Asks Ministers
Remain for Present.
STOCKHOLM, Oct. 2. The Swedish
ministry has resigned but King Gus
tave has requested the ministers to re
tain their portfolios -for the present.
Title of General to
POSITION HELD BY ONLY FOUR
Equality With European Com
PROMOTION PROVES RAPID
Talents - Against Philippine Moros
Bring Captain of Cavalry to At
tention of Roosevelt, Who
'.Makes Him Brigadier.
WASHINGTON, , Oct. I 2. Revival of
the grade of full General is planned by
the War Department to provide suit
able rank for Major-General John J.
Pershing, commanding the American
expeditionary forces in France.
It was learned tonight that Secretary
Baker already has submitted the de
partment's programme, which includes
provision for the title of General to be
held by the officer serving as chief of
staff and the making of several Lieu
tenant-Generals to command corps nn
der General Pershing, to Senate mili
tary committee and that legislation
carrying it into effect is to be pressed
for prompt passage when Congress re
convenes in December.
Title Not Often Used.
But four American Army officers
have borne the title of General Wash
ington. Grant, Sherman and Sheridan
and only a few have been Lieutenant
Generals. Since General Sheridan died
in 1S88 the rank of General has been
extinct. No provision for a Lieuten
ant-General on the active list has been
made since Licutenant-General John C,
Bates retired in 1906, though there are
three officers of that grade now on
the retired list General' Nelson A
Miles. General Samuel B. M. Young and
- Secretary Baker explained to the
committee that early promotion ot
General Pershing was essential, be
cause he is to command a great army
of many corps, entitling him to the
highest military title and in order to
obviate the embarassment of the high
rank of European army commanders
with whom he Is associated Mar
shals, Field Marshals and Generals.
Promotion Lone Expected.
It is equally as necessary, he point
ed out, that the chief of staff, the di
recting head of the Army, in Washing
ton, should rank all other officers ex
cept the expeditionary commander, and
that staff officers" generally should
have rank corresponding to that of
officers in the field.
That General Pershing would be pro
moted has been taken for granted in
Army circles ever since he was select
J cd by President Wilson for the su
preme trust of leading America's sol
liers against the Germans, though the
general belief was that Lieutenant
General would be the rank. Before the
(Concluded on I'ag 5. Column J.j
Mr Ayer Announces Livestock Ex
pert Will Take Up Pledge Cam
paign as First Step of Work,
O. M. Plummer, director of the Port
land School Board, was appointed field
agent of food conservation in Oregon
yesterday by Federal Food Adminis
trator Ayer. He will enter upon his
"Mr. Plummer has generously volun
teered his services," said Mr. Ayer,
and I have appointed him field agent
for the state."
Mr. Plummer will leave tomorrow
night to cover the Willamette Valley
and Southern Oregon as far south as
the California line, taking up with the
county chairmen of the food pledge
compaign a detailed discussion of the
plans for the campaign outlined with
Mr. Hoover's representatives at the
meeting here yesterday. He will also
interest himself in the efforts the hotel
en are making toward food conserva
tion, and in such other matters as will
promote the conservation work in this
Mr. Plummer is ex-secretary of the
Portland Union Stockyards, and a wide
ly recognized authority on livestock
As one who is thoroughly in touch
with this resource of the country, and
the demands made upon it, Mr. Plum
mer will be enabled to effectively dis
cuss the necessity of food conservation
with the housewives and caterers of
ELECTION FRAUDS FOUND
Tally Sheets Alone Give Evidence
Sufficient for Indictments.
NEW TORK, Oct. 2. With expecta
tion of obtaining 28 indictments of
election officials at the Republican
primaries September 19, at which Will
iam M. Bennett won over Mayor
Mitchell after a recount, th-a District
Attorney today placed before the grand
Jury evidence of alleged fraud in tally
sheets subpenaed from the board of
It was said that sufficient evidence
of fraud was discovered in dis
crepancies in these sheets to warrant
indictments without calling witnesses.
MITCHELL ON FOOD BOARD
Ex-President of . Mine Workers iu
Charge of New York Commission.
' ALB ANT. N. Y., Oct. 2. John Mitchell,
chairman .Z the State Industrial Com
mission and ex-president of the United
Mine Workers, was nominated chair
man of the State Food Commission by
Governor Whitman today after the
Senate had rejected for the second
time the appointment of George W.
Perkins, of New York.
Mr. Mitchell's nomination was con
B0L0 PASHA WILL BE FED
Suspected Spy Under Arrest In Paris
Refuses AH Nourishment.
PARIS, Oct. 2. Bolo Pasha, who is
under arrest on charges of having re
lations with the enemy, has refused all
nourishment since he was taken to
The authorities believe he is under
taking a hunjrer strike and have de
cided to feed him forcibly.
OREGON SQUAD IN THE FRONT RANK AGAIN.
Measure About, NV Go
DEBATE ON REPORT IS BRIEF
Newspaper Postage Section
One Attacked Most.
REVISIONS ARE UPWARD
Excess Profits, Incomes, Tobacco,
Liquors, Letters, Automobiles
and Transportation Charges
Chief Sources of Revenue.'
WASHINGTON, Oct. 2. Congress
finished its work on the great war tax
bill late today when the Senate, fol
lowing the example set yesterday by
the House, adopted the conference re
port without rollcall. More than two
and a half billion dollars of new taxes
are levied by the measure, which has
been in the making since last April.
As soon as the bill Is engrossed and
signed tomorrow by Vice-President
Marshall and Speaker Clark, it will be
sent to President Wilson, who is ex
pected to sign it immediately.
Opposition la Held Futile.'
Senate discussion today was brief.
participated in by but few members.
all of whom realized futility of oppo
sition. Most of the criticism was upon
the second-class postage increases.
The speedy action on the conference
report raised members' hopes for ad
journment of the war session by Sat
urday or not later than next week.
The Administration soldiers' and Bail
ors' Insurance bill, which has passed
the House, will be brought up tomor
row In the Senate. The only other
measure the leaders expect to put
through before adjournment is the
$8,000,000,000 deficiency appropriation
Revisions Are Vpward.
As finally drafted after' one of the
longest and most strenuous struggles
in Congressional history, the revenue
bill, which was passed by the House
May 25 and by the Senate after a
month's debate, September 10. draws
principally upon income and war excess
profits. As passed by the House, it
totaled $1,868,000,000 and the Senate
raised it to $2,416,000,000. The con
ferees' draft increased the total assess
ment by about $750,000,000 over the
House and $128,000,000 above the Sen
ate. The bill now . is estimated to raise
about $850,000,000 from incomes, cor
porate and Individual, and about
$1,000,000,000 from war 'excess profits.
Other major levies are $30,000,000 on
tobacco; about $275,000,000 on liquors;
$70,000,000 oA first-class mail: $40,000,
000 on automobiles; $77,500,000 on
freight transportation; $60,000,000 on
passenger transportation: $32,000,000
from stamp taxes and $60,000,000 from
Elimination of consumption taxes on
sugar, tea. coffee and gas, electric and
(t'oncluded on Page 2. Column 1.)
Difficulty In Getting Out Spruce
Fast Enough to Supply Needs
Results in Experiment.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, Oct. 2. The Aircraft Produc
tion Board having found difficulty in
getting out enough spruce from the
Oregon and Washington forests to
meet present demands of the United
States and the allied countries, today
closed a contract for a million feet of
Douglas fir to be used in lieu of
Preliminary experiments conducted
by the Aircraft Board have indicated
that fir is suitable for airplane con
struction and the quantity covered by
today's contract will be used experi
mentally. If it meets requirements, the Board
indicates that further purchases of fir
will be made as the demand continues.
The price at which the Government
is to buy fir for airplane construction
is not announced, but it is stated that
this order is to be distributed among
Northwestern mills. Only the best
grades of fir will bo purchased.
COAL PRICE IS ADVANCED
New Ruling of Fuel Administration
Allows Mines to Get More.
DENVER. Oct. 2. The Rocky Moun
tain Fuel Company, the Colorado-Utah
Coal Company and other coal com
panies today raised their prices on pre
pared sizes of coal nut and lump
from $2.70 at the mine, the price fixed
by the President's proclamation August
21, to $4, which is the maximum price
fixed In the order given to the public
yesterday by the coal administrator,
Dr. H. A. Garfield.
This means, leading Denver retailers
say, that the price of $6.S0 to the con
sumer, prevailing today, will jump im
mediately to $7.45.
CONVICTS MAY BE ARMED
Presnall Home, Near Marion,
- Robbed and Shotgun Stolen.
SALEM, Or., Oct. 2. (Special.
LeRoy Carroll and Ira Sullivan, who
escaped from the Penitentiary last
week are believed to be armed and
probably will put up a desperate fight
trapped. The Presnall home, near
Marion, south of here, was entered
Sunday night, presumably by the con
victs, and a shotgun, with some cloth
ing and food was taken.
Carroll is considered a bad man. He
was serving a life sentence for shooting
and killing the marshal at Gervals a
few years ago.
CHILE WATCHES GERMANS
Luxburg's Presence in South Amcr
lea, Believed Menace.
SANTIAGO, Chile. Oct. 2. Peru'
seizure of German steamers at Callao
and the expulsion of Count von Lux
burg, the German Minister to Argen
tlna from Buenos Aires, are again oc
cupying public attention In Chile.
It is believed in government circle
here that the presence of Count von
Luxburg in Chile or in any other South
American country would affect the
solidarity of the republics in the West
I INDEX Or- TODAY'S NEWS
TESTERPAY'S Maximum temperature, 74
degrees: minimum. oH degrees.
TOOAV'S Fair; moderate . southwesterly
Third contingent of Army on way to camps.
German paper contradicts T. Il.'s Venezuela
atory. race 3.
Senate promptly approves war tax report.
Issue of $400,000,000 certificates oversub
scribed. Pace 6.
Indictments recite plans of J. W. W. to
overthrow all government. Page 1.
Third Oregon detrains at Camp Greene.
Higher-up named in Philadelphia gunmen
case. Page 7.
Pacific Coast league results Portland 4,
Salt Lake 3: San Francisco lo. Vernon 4;
Oakland O. Los Angeles 1. Page 34.
Field Hospital Company B nine has hard
luck In games. Page l.i.
Washington eleven defeats Benson, 46 to 0.
White Sox" and Giants' pitchers on par.
Seattle woman arrested on rharjre of writ
ing abusive letters to President. Page 1.
Directed verdict given for Superintendent
Tooxe at Oregon City. Page .
Commercial and Marine.
Mlllfeed sells at lowest prices of season on
local exchange. Page 1U.
Corn and- oats close .higher at Chicago.
Stork. rally late after steady decline.
Closed shop to be taboo topic for adjust
ment committee. Page 16.
Builders of wooden ships meet to form
permanent organization. Page 16.
Portland and Vicinity.
Oregon drive for liberty loan arranged.
O. M. Plummer named food field agent for
Oregon. Page 1.
Fire Prevention day plans are announced.
Fred Harper. Grand Kxalted r.uler of Elks.
will be guest of Portland lodge, October
12. Page 15.
English lecturer interprets Christian
Science. Page 7.
Ordinance authorizing city to engage in
fuel business goes to Council today.
Milk war In Portland may be three-cornered.
United States is in war to stay till the end.
says Rev. James A. Francis. Page 20.
Jurors disagree in first picketing trial;
constitutionality of law may be put up to
Supreme Court right away. Page 15.
Weather report, data and forecast. rage IS.
$16,500,000 to Be
Raised With Rush.
ABLEST MEN OFFER SERVICES
Every Resident of State to Be
Reached in Campaign.
WOMAN TAKES FIRST $1000
Publicity Workers Arrange for Nec
essary Advertising and Big
Clock Will Keep Public Ad
vised of Progress Hourly.
Not a stone is to be left unturned.
apparently, in the campaign for tho
second installment of liberty loans in
this state. The committees responsible
for the big drive are completing an or
ganization that is as broad as the state
lines and appears to be as formidable
as a fighting army.
Organization was the order of yes
terday. Blanks In great quantities ar
rived from the San Francisco head
quarters so that each bank throughout
the state is supplied with these re
quisites. Circulars of information are
also available and the missing ammuni
tion reported on Monday has como to
hand and is being put to good use.
Publicity Committee l-'ormrd.
The publicity committee, E. G. Craw
ford, chairman, and C. C Chapman,
vice-chairman, held a meeting yester
day afternoon at which steps were
taken to spread news of the campaign
broadcast and almost literally to shout
invitations to buy bonds from the
Several additions were made to the
committee, among them being F. Clydo
Griffin, manager of the Foster & Klel
ser Company; W. Jj. Campbell, to han
dle streetcar advertising; William Mc
Murray. general passenger agent of the)
O.-W. R. & N.- Company; John M. Scott,
general passenger agent Southern Pa
cific Company lines In Oregon, and W.
D. Skinner, traffic manager Spokane,
Portland & Seattle Railway. Two ad
ditions will be named later, one to
represent the motion-picture theaters
and another to represent the advertis
Records to Be Kept l"p.
Subcommittees were also appointed.
William M. Ladd, P. E. Sullivan and
F. .C. Malpas were named" to arrange
for a method of reporting subscrip
tions to headquarters from the various
banks atid public places where sub
scriptions to the bond issue are taken
so that names and amounts may be
W. M. Ladd, D. N. Mosessohn, F. C.
Malpas and P. E. Sullivan were named
to form a subcommittee that shall ob
tain the co-operation of the churches,
so that special services of a patriotic
nature, calculated to stimulate liberty
loan buying, may be arranged at suit
ForcljtB Field to Be Covered.
Fred L. Boalt was appointed a com
mittee of one to prepare information
on foreign languages and to recom
mend publicity by means of these
media if It shall be needed.
D. N. Mosessohn, H. E. Thomas and
Fred L. Boalt were named as a sub
committee to arrange for the co-operation
of hotels, restaurants and bakeries,
so that publicity may be provided on
menus and packages of bread and other
bakery products as they are distributed
to the public.
Railroad Help Sought.
A. D. Charlton was named a com
mittee of one to procure the aid of the
railroads so that publicity may be se
cured on menu cards and other printed
matter of a temporary nature Issued
by the railroads.
It will also be arranged that liberty
loan posters may be displayed in depots
and other public places In connection
with the railroads, so that the travel
ing public will be impressed with the
need of buying bonds.
Public to Be Kept Informed.
Hugh Hume, George M. Trowbridge
and H. E. Thomas were named a com
mittee to select a suitable design
whereby the mounting subscriptions
towards the $16,500,000 quota can be
shown In a graphic way, similar to the
big clock in Sixth street that marked
the progress of the Red Cross cam
paign. This contrivance to be selected
will be set up where general head
quarters shall be selected, so that re
ports may be made at intervals and
the public informed of the progress of
Drake C. O'Reilly was named a com
mittee of one to procure the assistance
of steamship companies and steam
boat lines in a manner similar to the
Orton 13. Goodwin Fmployed.
Orton E. Goodwin, a local publicity
man, was appointed as assistant to
C. C. Chapman, director of publicity.
He will work under the direction of
The activities of the publicity com
mittee were defined somewhat at yes
terday's meeting. It is the office of
this group to provide a. press service
for newspapers of the state and to
procure the co-operation of bill-board
companies, streetcar advertising con
cerns, merchants for window displays
and other publicity, representation on
ICuncluded ua iac 0. Coluuuu -.i